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3ABO,Q 3A YL,J6EHVlKE Vl HACTABHA CPEACTBA - 6EOrPA,Q IOl 2003" ~

AP SOWKO CTOjaHOB./tIfi, npocjJecop TeXHW-iKOr cjJaKynTem y Ya'-lKY

)K/tIBOTa Bypoent; HaA30pHItIK y MMH/tICTapCTBY npoceete Penyon/tlKe CpoMie t1nMja .JoBwmfi, npocjJecop TeXHM'-IKOr o6pa30BaJ-ba y D_W. "fl. CaBaTltlfr" y 3eMYHY

YpeAHM,K jJ,parofby6 Ileneneu

OArOBopHM ypeAHMK AP nerap Ilnienoent,

AP Ceetnene PaAocaBfbeBMfi

3a H3AaBal.la

Peuocnee neTKOB/tIfi, A/tIpeKTOp /tI rneeun ypeAHMK

ML4HL4CTap npocsere L4 cnopra Peny6JlL4Ke Cp6L4je oAo- 6pv'fO je ynorpsoy osor YI,l6eHlt1Ka CBOjlt1M pelLUet-beM 6poj 650-02-00008/96-01 oA 20.03 .. 1996. roAlt1He

ISBN 86-17-10366-3

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/..lHIb OBOr YI,16eHMKa je ,qa onenue peanM3aL/Mjy nporpeue M3 TeXHWIKOr 06pa30Bal-ba y 7. pespe,qy. Hecrojen« CMO ,qa o6paAMMO TBMe nnennpene HaCraBHMM npotpeuoi», npe ceere, teope} CKM, e n npaKTMYHO Ka,qa je TO tinno Moryfie. Aeo npaKTMI.IHMX Be>K6M KOjM ce peenusyie nOMofiy npe,qBMijeHor KOMnnera MaTBpMjana oeue je ceuo nporoeunpen, a Be>K6e ce peanM3yjy Ha OCHOBY ynyrcTaBa M ys nouot; HaCTaBHMKa. npaKTMYHe Be)K6e M3 MHcjJopMarW-IKMX TeXHOnOrMja nnennpeno je Aa ce peanM3yjy Ha PC paL{YHapy.

BetiM ,qeo CaAP>Kaja YI,16eHt1Ka O,qHOCt1 ce ue 06naCT MawHHCTBa, ca nocetmn» oceotou Ha l-beHY npMMeHy Y caaKo,qHeaHOM >Kt1BOTY. Y o,qefbKY TeXHH..,KO 4pTatbe Y MawHHCTBY ,qare cy CneL/McjJWIHOCTM MaWMHCKor TeXHMYKOr 4pT8l-ba-OCHOBHor je3MKa MaWt1HCTBa. TeXHonorHja MaTep"'jana ,lIara je y MHcjJopMaTMBHOM CMMGny ca HamaCKOM ne MexaHWIKa ncnntneen.e MaTepMjana. OAelbaK Mepetbe '" «onrpon« tpetie ,qa oMoryfiM npaKTMI.IHO cesueeen.e «opnumene MepHMX cpencteee. Y npernetinou MHcjJopMaTMaHoM ctencny ,qaTa je TexHonorHja o6pa,qe MaTep"'jana, M TO yrneenou aa sserene. AeralbHMje cy o6paljeHe ceuo 06naCTM «oie cy npaKTMYHO ttotpetine ttp« oeenuseuni» uouene (Hnp. 6ywel-be, pe3al-be neeoie, cnajal-be M np.). Y HajBetieM ,qeny YI,16eHMKa 06paijyjy ce MaWHHCKe KOHCTPYKLlHje, M TO ttonesenn o,q noerneae OCHoaHt1X npMHL/Mna ne KojMMa cy secnoesne MaWMHe M MexaHM3MM. ,llar je nperneu OCHOBHMX eneuenere MaWMHa M MexaHM3aMa M I-bMxoaa OCHoaHa npnuen«. TaKoije je npnicese« enroonreu o,q M,qeje,qo HOBe KOHCTpYK4Mje o6yxBaTajytit1 OCHOBHe cjJa3e necrsnre noee KOHcrpYK4Mje, «eo WTO cy: nocreen.en.e 3a,qarKa, peuieeen;e eneprnje, npeHOCHMX t1 t13BPWHMX MexaHM3aMa, ycnpaalbal-be, KOMnOHOBal-be, 06nMKOBal-be M MOHTa>Ka, ne uo seepiunor MCnMTMBal-ba pa,qM nooeepe M,qeje 11113- pa,qe seepiune TeXHMYKe ,qOKYMeHTa4Mje. MaTepMja je 06paljeHa, vrnesnos», y cjJOPMM netioperopt1jCKV1X Be>K6M, re ceekn o6paljeHM Aeo MO>Ke ,qa I.IMHM OCHOBHM Mo,qyn aa cteepetee neee, no ceou M36opy, HOBe KOHCTpYKL/Mje. Kao ttocetien onerse« o6paijeHa je EHeprenfKa-MaWMHCKe norDHCKe MaWMHe M MOTOpM. Y 0AeIbKY TpaHcnopTHe MaWHHe 06paijeHa cy MOTopHa eosnne, ,qMsennue M tpencnoprepn a MOTOL/MKf7 ceuo MHcjJopMaTMaHO.

3aBpWHI1 ,qeo YI,16eHMKa 06yxBaTa MHcpopMaTH..,Ke TexHonorHje, r,qe cy uern OCHoaHa KOHcjJMrypa4Mja PC, otiepetnenn CMCTeM MS DOS-OCHOBHV1 coibreeo, 11 onepaTMBHI1 cucteu WINDOWS.

3a Yl.leHV1Ke KOjM nOKa3yjy eet.e nnrepecoeense HaaeAeHa je M nHTepaTypa. Ha Kpajy je AaT M xoets« neKcHKoH pe..,H M3 M3Y'-laBaHMx otuiectn.

noae311aal-beM TeOPMjCKMX M cjJYH,qaMeHranHMx cesnen.e ca l-beroaMM npaKTMYHMM peuieeel-beM Y'-leHM4M tie pa3BMTM cunceo se "reXHWIKO pa3MMWlbal-be" M KpeaTMBHocT y paAy.

Cre-tene 3Hal-ba M npaKTM'-IHa MCKycTBa y oaoj 06nacTM uotv nocnY)KMTM aa npaBl1nHMjM M3- 60p 6YAytier sennuen,«.

YI,16eHMK MMa o6pa30aHI1 M I1HcjJopMaTMBHM «epexrep, na ce MO)Ke KOPMCTMTM 11 «eo M3BOP Ca3Hal-ba M3 otutecrn MaWI1HCTaa M MHcjJopMaTM'-IKMX TeXHOnOrMja.

Y oeou p,onYl-beHoM M3,qal-bY YI,16eHMK je MHoBMpaH y,qeny MOAynM, r,qe je o6paijeHa Po6oTHKa, 11 y ,qeny t1HcjJ0pMaTMYKe TeXHOnOrMje ca ,qo,qaTMM onepernennu CMCTeMOM WINDOWS, AOK je ,qenMMM'-IHO pecrepeben y HeKMM ca,qp)KajV1Ma.

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• 06HOBMTe 06naCT TeXHMYKO upren.e - TeXHW .. {KO 06pa30Bal-be 3a 5. M 6. pa3pep,.

• Ilp» nocetn pa,qHoj oprennseunjn vnosnetu ce ca KOpMWflel-beM uprese« Y npouecy npoM3Bo/ll-be ..

• Y paYYHcKoM 4eHTpy ynosnern uotvhnoctn KOpMWflel-ba paYyHapa tipn rpacjJMYKOM npl1Ka3/11Bal-by.

TeXHW'IKO-TeXHonOWKa AOKYMeHTa4&o1ja je HeonxoAHa aa np&o1npeMY,opraH&o130- eal-be M npa1iel-be npOM3BOAl-be. noAieAHaKo je Ba>KHa &01 y eenMKMM MHAYCTPMjCK&o1M npeAY3e1iMMa, M y ncrouaaa T3e. Mane npaapene, rlocroje Aee rpyne TeXHM~KMX AOKYMeHaTa:

- aAMMHMCTpaTMBHo-opraHM3a4&o10HM AOKYMeHTM M

- TeXHM ..... xa AOKYMeHTa4Mja.

AAMMHMCTpaTMBHo-opraHM3a4MOHM AOKYMeHTM rpeoa Aa 06e36eAe ecpl1KaCHO 11 OAroBOPHO oprauaaoaa-se nponaeomse. Ta AOKYMeHTa Ta4HO 0Ape"ljyjy KO, WTa, KaKO 11 «ana rpeoa Aa ypana. Y3 nozieny pana 11 sanaraka, OHa o6e36e"ljyjy npunpeuy, npatseI-be 11 KOHTpony np0l'13BOAl-be ..

TeXH&o1~Ka AOKYMeHTa4Mja y MaWl1HCTBY caAp>Kl1 HenocpeAHe 11 KOHKpeTHe 3aAaTxe aa np0113BOAl-bY HeKor np0V13BOAa .. JeAaH l-beH Aeo je rpacpVl4KO-TeXHV14Ka AOKYMeHrauaja xojy 06V14HO Ha311BaMO TeXHM~KM 4pTe>KM.

TeXHM~KM 4pTe>KM KOj&o1 oApe1jyjy o6m1K, .qMMeH3Mje, cacraa M Ha~MH M3paAe noje.qMHMX npeAMeTa M cxnonoaa cy rpacpM~KO-TeXHM~KM npaxaa npeAMeTa KOjM rpeea Aa ce M3pa.qM. Y 3aB&o1CHOCTM OA CaAp>KMHe &01 HaMeHe TeXHM~KM 4pTe>KM MOry 6MTIII: - AeTaJbHIt1 (paAV10HV14KV1), KOjV1 npaxasyly YBeK cauo jeAaH npeAMeT, OAHOCHO Aeoi ca CBVlM nOAal...\V1Ma npeva KojVlMa ce MO>Ke V13paAltITV1;

- CKnonHV1, KOjV1 noxasyjy cacras V1 Me"ljyco6HY nOBe3aHOCT nojeAl1H1I1X AenOBa (Ha'-ll1H ckrrana-ea 111 CTPYKTYPY CKJlOna); 4eCTO ce TaKO uprajy cauo nOACKnonOBV1 KOjV1 o6yxsarajy oApe"ljeHe l...\enl1He.

,lJ,eTaIbHV1 VI CKnOnHl1 l...\pTe>KV1 Mory 6V1TV1 pa3nVl4V1Te HaMeHe xao, Ha npVlMep, VlAejHl1, naTeHTHV1, np~eKTHV1,paAV10HV14KV1, MOHTa>KHV1, nopYU6eHVI,weMaTCKVlVlTA. npVlTOMe, sa Ha411H npnxasasa-ea Mory ce KOPVlCTV1TV1 oprorouanue V1 akcoaouerpajcke npojex-

7

IIlo1je. npaKTIo14HO, YBeK ce npso 1013paAl'1 onroaapajyt.a CKl'1l1a, a 3aTl'1M l'1 IIpTe>K, y cxnany ca npaennaua TeXHl'14Kor upra-sa, OAHOCHO npOnl'1CaHIo1M CTaHAapAl'1Ma (JYC, 180 l'1 AP.). OHl'1, nopen ocranor, YTBp1jyjy jeAVlHcTBeH Ha4l'1H npaxaaaaarea TeXHl'14Kl'1M IIpTe>KIo1Ma CKOPO y uenoa cBeTY·

OPTorOHAIlHE npOJEKI..4~JE

3a 1013paAY npenvera Y MeTanonpepa1jl'1Ba4Koj VlHAYCTPl'1jl'1 OCHOBHl'1 rparpn-uco-rexHl'14Kl'1 AOKYMeHaT [ecre paAMoHM4KM 4pTe>K ca oproroaanaam npojeK4MjaMa (no noTpe6l'1 Y ABe, rpu VlnVl BVlwe npojekunja).

OCHOBHO npaBM110 aa M3paAY oproroaanuax npojeK4Mja jecre Aa ce CBe Ta4Ke npeAMeTa npojexryjy uopvaru-o (nOA npaBl'1M yrnou) Ha jeAHY VlnVl aauie npojeKIIl'1jcKIo1X pasua. 3aTO ce LJeCTO KOPl'1CTl'1l'1 Ha3l'1B uopuanua npojexuaja. AKo npenuer rpsoa npuKa3aTVI ca Bl'1We crpaua (npojexuaja), npojexuajcice paBHVI Me1jyco6Ho, npeeacreeao, rpe- 6a Aa 6YAY nOA npaBIo1M yrnoa (Aa f-bIt1XOB npecex 41t1Hl'1 npaeoyrnu KooPAl'1HaTHl'1 Cl'1CTeM), anl'1 ce nOHeKaA npaoerasa l'1 3aKOWeHl'1M paBHIt1Ma. 360r rora je It1 Me1jyco6Hl'1 nonoxcaj Bl'1We npojexuaja ycnoarseu, Y CBaKOM cny-iajy, KOMnneTaH 1t13rneA npeAMeTa Ao6l'1ja ce

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nocuarpa-seu ca BIIlWe crpaua (OA03ro, cnperia, ca crpase III AP.). OCHOBY oprorouanae npojexuaje rena-uu+e oproronaru-a npojekuaja ra-nee (en .1. 1), AY>K1Il (en. 1.2), nospuraHa III rena (en. 1.3 VI en. 1.4).

Y pacxnonv ce npojeKl...\lIljcKe paeua-xcpasonranunua (H), npocpVlnHlIll...\a (P) III eepruKanHIIlL\a (V) - pasanjajy rake na ce uprajy Ha jeAHoj paBHIIl uprexca. npVl roue ce xopuaouranuuua VI nporpunuaua aaokpehy sa 909 a aeprmcarntaua ocraje uenowepeua. 360r 'rora jeAHa oApe1jeHa ra-uca npeAMera, xo]a ce npojekry]e Ha enure paean, Mopa y CBVlM npojekuajaua 6V1TVI Ha lt1croj xopaso-rraru-o], OAHOCHO aeprvncanuoj m1HlIljlt1. Oprorouanue

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