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Spring Newsletter Dear Friends and Colleagues,

Issue 2, March 2008


I am delighted to provide this update about the recent
activities of the James Martin 21st Century School.

The main focus of the past few months has been


Director’s introduction 1 finalising the results of the funding round, which took
News highlights 2 place at the end of last year. We are delighted to
announce that six new institutes will be added to the
Events highlights 4 School in October 2008, when the next phase of the 21st Century
School will officially be launched. The School will continue to develop
Research highlights 6 its expertise and impact in current areas of research, and will also
embark on an exciting programme of activities focussed on its new
Other news 8 Institutes. You can read more about this in our News Highlights section.

We have had a very successful seminar series this term, based


on the theme of “Risk in the 21st Century”, which brought to
Oxford a variety of academics, government leaders and
The James Martin 21st Century School international experts, including author Nassim Taleb. Our public
lecture series has also been popular, with four lectures taking
Old Indian Institute
place this term, and two more scheduled for May. Further
34 Broad Street
details are in the Events Highlights section of this newsletter.
Oxford OX1 3BD
United Kingdom
Finally, I would like to give heartfelt thanks to James Martin, the
web: www.21school.ox.ac.uk School’s founder, who spent three weeks with us here in Oxford
email: info@21school.ox.ac.uk to meet current and new Directors of the Institutes, deliver a
public lecture, and show a sneak preview screening of his film,
Telephone +44 (0)1865 287430 “The Meaning of the 21st Century”. It is always a pleasure to
Fax +44 (0)1865 287435 host Jim in Oxford, and his unflagging support and enthusiasm
for the School is a tremendous boost to all our efforts.

Best wishes,

Ian Goldin
Director, James Martin 21st Century School

Institute for Science and Environmental Change Oxford Institute Institute for Emergent e-Horizons
Civilization Institute of Ageing Infections of Humans Institute

Institute for the Future International Migration Programme on Ethics of Future of Humanity World Education
of the Mind Institute the New Biosciences Institute Institute
News Highlights The School Management Committee last term) provided the basis for a number of
debates and interviews with the media, including
The 21st Century School’s Management Committee the BBC’s Today Programme and National Public
Funding Round 2008-11 The e-Horizons Institute will no longer receive funding has executive responsibility for managing the Radio’s “Science Friday” programme in the USA. It
directly from the School. However, its research overall strategy of the School, including budgets
We had a very strong response to our funding also prompted an invited editorial in the Wall Street
projects and programmes will be absorbed into and accountability. The Committee has been
call in October 2007, and sixty applications were Journal and a subsequent article in the most recent
the Oxford Internet Institute, with whom we aim comprised to ensure representation by each of the
received from across the University. The majority edition of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. The
to develop a productive and more permanent academic divisions and the head of Research for the
of applications were excellent and innovative, with paper has been widely circulated through electronic
partnership to achieve shared goals. The World University. The Management Committee consists of:
the shortlisted bids far exceeding the resources we and paper publication. Its call for a massive injection
Education Institute will also not receive any funding
have available. All applications were evaluated of public investment in Energy R&D has been
but will remain in the School to help develop ■■Dr Ken Fleming, Head, Medical Sciences Division
by our Management Committee according to our particularly well received in the USA and Japan.
educational programmes and outreach to the public.
stated criteria: excellence, impact and additionality. ■■Dr Ian Goldin, Director, James Martin 21st
Those applications that were selected to receive Century School In aiming to build broader policy impact and inroads
A process of finalising the future shape of the James
funding from the School clearly and substantially into government, the School is currently working with
Martin 21st Century School is still in progress. All
met the highest standards for the selection criteria. ■■Professor Alex Halliday, Head, Mathematical, each of the Institutes to produce one-page policy
the Institutes of the School will provide details
Physical and Life Sciences Division briefings that outline key priorities for government
about their research focus and academic staff,
The 21st Century School’s programme that have arisen from our research. These will be
to be officially announced in the Summer. ■■Professor Neil MacFarlane, Head, Department
of research activities will be expanded available shortly on our website, and will be part of
of Politics and International Relations (as the an ongoing project of engagement with policymakers.
to include six new research areas:
Social Sciences Division representative)
■■Nanostructures: Medicine or toxin? ■■Professor Ewan McKendrick, Pro-Vice-Chancellor, Partners and affiliates
■■Stem Cell Institute: Nurturing the science Research, Academic Services and
University Collections The 21st Century School is beginning to develop
behind regenerative medicine relationships with a number of other organisations
■■Managing and regulating armed ■■Professor Sally Shuttleworth, Head, in order to expand its intellectual depth, strategic
conflict in the 21st century Humanities Division outreach, and international impact in addressing
the most pressing 21st century challenges.
■■The 40% vehicle: Technologies and integrated ■■Dr Michael Spence, Head, Social Sciences Division
approaches for demand reduction (Chair of the Management Committee) * Partner and affiliate organisations will have clearly
James Martin meets new members of the proposed
* From April 2008, Roger Goodman will be the stated shared goals with the 21st Century School,
■■Carbon in the 21st century ocean nanostructures institute and will offer access to specialised expertise and
new Head of the Social Sciences Division and
■■Chair in renewable energy Chair of the School’s Management Committee. new audiences. They are not part of the University of
The School and the University of Oxford Oxford, but they contribute to a two-way relationship
Currently funded Institutes will adapt or evolve The Chancellor of the University of Oxford, of information sharing, policy development and
their research agenda according to their funding International impact intellectual collaboration with the School.
Lord Patten of Barnes, will host a dinner in
allocations. For example, the Environmental London in May as part of a broader strategy to James Martin Research Fellows from the Environmental
Change Institute will develop a project on tropical engage business leaders with the School and to Our first affiliate is the James Martin Center for
Change Institute attended the climate change
rainforests, the Programme on Ethics of the New widen our discussions on critical challenges. Nonproliferation Studies, based at the Monterey
negotiations at Bali at the end of last year. The ECI
Biosciences will evolve into a broader programme Institute of International Studies in California. Its
was invited to present in side events and to advise
on science, ethics and technology, and the Future The Chancellor has been tremendously supportive expertise on weapons of mass destruction will
government, business and NGO negotiators in Bali.
of Humanity Institute will focus on addressing the of the School’s work, and the School has been contribute to the work of the School in exploring the
http://www.eci.ox.ac.uk/research/climate/cop07/
challenges of profound uncertainty. Other Institutes recognised as a priority for the University’s overall potential consequences of emerging technologies.
sideevent.php
have had great success in leveraging additional fundraising campaign, to be launched this May. http://cns.miis.edu/
Professor Diana Liverman, Director of the ECI, started
funding, and so are also adapting or expanding a blog to talk about her experiences during the event:
their programmes of research. For example, the We are also in negotiations with colleges of the School website – Director interviews
http://dianaliverman.blogspot.com/.
Oxford Institute of Ageing has received funding University to offer early career fellowships and
from HSBC for a number of projects, and the college affiliations for our Research Fellows. This Directors from each of the School’s Institutes have
International Migration Institute won a MacArthur will help the School to be more fully integrated Policy impact been interviewed to produce brief 3-minute webcasts
Foundation grant to support a programme on into the collegiate University and will allow for the School’s website. Directors discuss their key
Steve Rayner’s (Institute for Science and Civilization) aims and activities, how they are addressing big
African perspectives of human mobility. our Fellows to benefit from new networks and discussion paper, the “Wrong Trousers” (published
opportunities arising from the college connections. questions for humanity, and what it means to be a

2 The James Martin 21st Century School 3 The James Martin 21st Century School
part of the James Martin 21st Century School. philosophy, as well as a practical approach to Public Lectures at the School Policy Foresight Programme
http://www.21school.ox.ac.uk/resources/video.cfm real-life risks as they occur in decision making. Norman Myers, a Fellow of the James Martin 21st “A new look at the interaction of scientific models
Century School and renowned expert on systems and policymaking”, organised by the Policy Foresight
School website – new blog ecology and developing world poverty, gave our Programme (directed by Sir Crispin Tickell) and the
first public lecture of the term, with a presentation TransAtlantic Uncertainty Colloquium was held in
We now have an online blog for James Martin entitled “The Lemming Drivers: Why policy processes February at the James Martin 21st Century School.
Fellows and other people interested in our often fail us”. Myers’ lecture discussed first and
work to explore and discuss key 21st century foremost the problems of the environment, which The event brought together modellers, policymakers
challenges addressed through the School’s despite decades of efforts by governments, NGOs and academics from the UK, the Continent, and the US
research, events, publications and activities. and other bodies, and despite many success stories, for a day of assessing the role and value of models,
are growing worse. He urged us to address the in particular environmental models, in policymaking.
This term we launched the blog alongside our “institutional roadblocks” that induce us to engage in
seminar series, with blog entries made weekly by numerous activities that run counter to our long-term The Record can be found on the Policy Foresight
the series’ conveners. The aim was to summarise welfare. The lecture was chaired by Sir Crispin Tickell. Programme’s website at:
key points raised in the seminars, provoke debate, Sir David King
http://www.martininstitute.ox.ac.uk/jmi/
and suggest further avenues for discussion or We were also pleased to welcome David Sandalow, networks/Policy+Foresight+Programme.htm
engagement with the themes addressed. Speakers included: Didier Sornette, Professor on
a senior fellow at the Brookings Institution, to
the Chair of Entrepreneurial Risks, ETH Zurich, who
give a public lecture on “Freedom from Oil: How Events organised by Institutes
In the future, the aim will be to broaden the content suggested a general strategy for understanding the
the next President can end the United States’
and scope of the School’s blog, to invite comments organization of several complex systems; ■■The James Martin Institute for Science and
oil addiction”, based on his book of the same
from Institute Directors, Fellows and guests on specific Leonard A. Smith, Research Professor in Statistics Civilization held a seminar series entitled
title. Sandalow, a former adviser to the Clinton
themes of relevance to the work of the 21st Century at the London School of Economics (among other “Surveillance, Identity, and the Future of Privacy in
administration, drew on both his government
School. positions), who emphasized the limitations of our the 21st Century”, hosted jointly with the Oxford
experience and energy expertise to explore
http://www.21school.ox.ac.uk/blog/ current abilities to simulate and predict; Centre for Criminology. The multi-disciplinary
options, shape solutions and suggest national policy
Sir David King, former Chief Scientific Adviser and seminar series explored how recent developments
to address the United States’ oil addiction.
Angela McLean elected Fellow at All Souls Director of the new Smith School of Enterprise and in the technologies and practices of surveillance
the Environment, who talked about solving problems James Martin, Founder of the James Martin 21st are transforming the ways in which we think
Professor Angela McLean, Director of the through inventive technology and government will; Century School, gave the final lecture of the term, about questions of privacy and identity.
Institute for Emergent Infections of Humans, has and Helen Ghosh, Permanent Secretary of the with a presentation
been elected to a Senior Research Fellowship Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs entitled “Target ■■A seminar series on “Ageing in Asia” was
in Theoretical Life Sciences at All Souls College, (Defra), who talked about the challenges of handling Earth: the grand convened by Dr. Hafiz Khan, an HSBC Research
Oxford, with effect from 1 October 2008. environmental risks in a political environment. scale problems of Fellow at the Oxford Institute of Ageing. The
the 21st century.” series brought together international experts
He also gave a in ageing to look at the social and economic
Event Highlights public screening of impacts of demographic transition.
his film, “The ■■In January, the Oxford Institute of Ageing hosted a
Hilary Term Seminar Series on Meaning of the 21st workshop for members of the International Alliance
century”, at an of Research Universities (IARU) to develop a
“Risk in the 21st century”
independent film collaborative research project on the health policy
This term, our seminar series was convened by theatre in Oxford. challenges of ageing populations. The collaboration
two Fellows from the Future of Humanity Institute, The film provided is being jointly coordinated by Kenneth Howse,
Rafaela Hillerbrand and Peter Taylor. They an excellent James Martin Fellow at the Oxford Institute of
designed a programme of speakers that brought opportunity for a Ageing, and Professor Susan Reynolds Whyte from
presentations from academics and experts broad audience to James Martin the Department of Anthropology at the University
Nassim Nicholas Taleb
from a variety of different backgrounds. meet James Martin of Copenhagen.
and engage in a question and answer session at the For more information on the IARU Ageing, health
The series was intended to provide the audience Nassim Nicholas Taleb concluded the end of the film. We have some comments on our blog
series with a public lecture based on the and longevity projects see:
with an overview of state-of-the-art risk following these events. These are online at: http://ageing.iaru.ku.dk/
analysis from the perspectives of the natural stimulating ideas in his book, “The Black Swan: www.21school.ox.ac.uk/blog
and engineering sciences, the social sciences and The impact of the highly improbable”.

4 The James Martin 21st Century School 5 The James Martin 21st Century School
■■The Environmental Change Institute co-hosted ■■Gwyn Prins and Steve Rayner (Institute for ■■IMI’s major research project into African ■■Julian Savulescu (Programme on Ethics of the New
with Linacre College the Linacre Lectures on “The Science and Civilization - JMI) published an Perspectives on Human Mobility, supported by Biosciences) appeared in a live debate organised
Role of Non-State Actors in Climate Change article in the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists (vol the MacArthur Foundation, began in January. by Intelligence Squared in the US, speaking for the
Governance”. Geoff Lye, Vice-Chairman of 64 issue 1), discussing the Kyoto Protocol. Partnerships with institutes in Ghana, Morocco, the motion, “We should accept performance-enhancing
SustainAbility, Pedro Moura Costa, Managing Democratic Republic of Congo, and Nigeria have drugs in competitive sports”. The percentage of the
Director of EcoSecurities, and Sir David King, ■■A review of Daniel Neyland’s (JMI) book, Privacy,
been established. A literature review has begun, audience in favour of drugs use in sport doubled
Director of the Smith School of Enterprise and Surveillance and Public Trust, by Johann Yttri
and a workshop on research methods will take during the debate, from 18% to 37%. Details can
the Environment, were among the speakers. Dahl has been published in the peer reviewed
place in Oxford in September. be found at
transdisciplinary online surveillance studies journal,
http://www.imi.ox.ac.uk/research/african- http://www.npr.org/templates/story/
■■The e-Horizons Institute organised events on Surveillance and Society 5(1):83-84. The review is
perspectives-on-human-mobility story.php?storyId=18299098
“Uncertainty visualisation”, “Linking Up the available at:
Environmental Sciences”, “the New e-Science”, and http://www.surveillance-and-society. ■■Nick Bostrom (Future of Humanity - FHI) gave the Details of other publications can be found in the
“A second look into the future impact of ICT on org/articles5(1)/books.pdf PODium speech in a recent Nature podcast. In the Resources section of the website:
our lives”, among others. The aim of e-Horizons speech he argues that developing safe, cognitive- www.21school.ox.ac.uk/resources/publications.cfm
events has been to provide an opportunity to ■■Research Fellow Max Boykoff (Environmental
enhancing drugs for all could be the most significant
critically assess competing visions of the future Change Institute - ECI) has had four articles Please also view our Research pages to find out more
contribution to scientific progress. Nick’s contribution
of media, information and communication published this year. Boykoff’s work focuses about projects and outcomes of research across the
can be found here:
technologies and their societal implications. on the cultural politics of climate change, and School:
http://www.fhi.ox.ac.uk/sound%20files/nature-
the various roles of non nation-state actors at www.21school.ox.ac.uk/research/
podcast-bostrom-extract.mp3.
■■The Future of Humanity Institute and Programme the interface of international climate science,
The podcast was a companion piece to Bostrom’s
on Ethics of the New Biosciences collaborated policy and practice. His recent publications
letter in Nature 451, 520 (31 January, 2008):
on a series of Advanced Research Seminars, arise from his research which analyses media
http://www.nature.com/nature/journal/
aimed at Oxford graduate students. representational practices and climate change.
v451/n7178/full/451520b.html.
■■The Programme on Ethics of the New Biosciences ■■Sarah Harper (Institute of Ageing) co-edited (with
■■Rafaela Hillerbrand (FHI) was awarded the
co-organised with the Uehiro Centre for Practical Roger Goodman) a book entitled Ageing in Asia:
biannual Natural Sciences prize of the Ingrid zu
Ethics an event entitled, “Consciousness in the Asia’s Position in the New Global Demography,
Solms Stiftung, a charitable foundation which
Persistent Vegetative State: Philosophical and published by Routledge. The volume takes four
promotes excellence in education and research by
Methodological Issues”. The workshop focused key themes related to ageing – the experience
women. Rafaela was also made a Fellow of the
on the complex ethical implications of the recent of old age; intergenerational relations; economics
foundation.
findings of preserved consciousness in a patient of and social policy for ageing; longevity and
http://www.ingrid-zu-solms-stiftung.de/
with persistent vegetative state condition. the culture of ageing – and examines how
these issues are emerging in different regions ■■Nim Pathy and Mario Recker (Institute of Emergent
■■The Program on the Ethics of the New Biosciences of Asia, specifically, the former Soviet Union, Infections - IEIH) have recently returned from a
and the Institute for Science, Ethics and Innovation, South Asia, China, Japan and South-East Asia. fact-finding mission to Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. It
based at the University of Manchester, held a work-
was a very productive visit: they gained valuable
in-progress workshop in Oxford to explore the ■■Susan Greenfield (Future of the Mind) has a
insights into the epidemiology of dengue and the
relationship between science, ethics and innovation. new book, ID: The Quest for Meaning in the 21st
evolutionary biology of influenza, and also built
Century, due out in May. The book draws on the
positive relationships for future collaborations.
latest findings in neuroscience to show how far
Further details available at:
Research Highlights we are and can be in control of the development
http://www.emdis.ox.ac.
of our brains and minds – and the actions
uk/200802_pathy_recker.html
Academic research activities, reports we need to take now both to safeguard our
individuality and to find the fulfilment which our
and publications
current unfettered materialism cannot provide.
The Directors and Fellows in the Institutes of the James
■■Stephen Castles (International Migration
Martin 21st Century School have been involved
Institute - IMI) co-edited a book with Raul
with a wide variety of activities and publications
Delgado Wise entitled Migracion y Desarrollo:
arising from their research in recent months. The
Perspectivas desde el sur. It includes contributions
following list is a selection of these outputs:
from IMI fellows Hein de Haas and Oliver
Bakewell. The English version is due out soon.

6 The James Martin 21st Century School 7 The James Martin 21st Century School
Other news ■■Institute of Ageing Spring School on “The Multi-
Disciplinary Toolkit for Global Ageing Research”,
We will be holding the 21st Century School’s second 14-18 April in Oxford. This is a four-day course
Advisory Council meeting on 17 June. Council on aspects of ageing research for practising
members will offer strategic guidance and support researchers, academics and graduate students
for our research. We plan to seek the Council’s working in the public and private sectors. The
guidance as we change gears, preparing for the School will address concepts and tools on
next phase of the School’s development, and also demography, bio-demography, bio-medical
to create opportunities for Council members to research and practice, economics, health and policy.
meet with individuals in each of the Institutes. http://www.ageing.ox.ac.uk/conferences.html
■■Conference on Theories of Migration and Social
Upcoming Events: Change, Oxford 1-3 July: sponsored by the EU
Network on International Migration, Integration
We would like to announce the following
and Social Cohesion in Europe (IMISCOE). The
upcoming events:
conference is jointly organised by the ESRC Centre
on Migration, Policy and Society (COMPAS)
■■May Day Lecture – 1 May, 11.30am, Sheldonian
and the International Migration Institute (IMI) at
Theatre. “Global Governance: Meeting 21st century
Oxford University. The event has been organised
challenges” by Professor Joseph Stiglitz, Columbia
in response to an IMISCOE call for proposals
University.
for conferences on: ‘fundamental and strategic
http://www.21school.ox.ac.uk/?redirect=160
issues in theories, concepts and methodologies
■■Distinguished Public Lecture – 12 May, 4.30pm, for the study of migration and integration’.
Sheldonian Theatre. “What is Science for?” by
■■In Trinity Term, the Oxford Institute of Ageing is
Professor Sir John Sulston and Professor John Harris,
organising the first dedicated seminar series on
University of Manchester. Introduced by Professor
“Ageing in Africa” (Thursdays 12.30 – 2 pm, at
Richard Dawkins, Simonyi Professor for the Public
Manor Road Building, starting on 24 April).
Understanding of Science.
http://www.21school.ox.ac.uk/?redirect=161 ■■The 2008 James Martin Forum on
“Catastrophe and Risk in an Uncertain World”,
■■An International Conference co-organised by
organised by the Institute for Science and
the ECI on “Food Security and Environmental
Civilization, will be held in September.
Change: Linking Science, Development and Policy
for Adaptation”, 2-4 April in Oxford. The event
will bring together scientists, policy makers and
representatives of development agencies to forge
new partnerships and promote an integrated
approach for food security and GEC research.
http://www.eci.ox.ac.uk/news/
events/gecafs-0408.php

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8 The James Martin 21st Century School