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GEAS

Chemistry
1.) It is a gaseous superfluid phase formed by atoms cooled to temperatures very near to absolute
zero wherein the atoms slowdown, combine and form a single entity called superatom.
Bose-Einstein ondensate
!.) " method of separation of heterogenous mi#tures with phases with different densities.
$loatation
%.) It is the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom.
"tomic number
&.) It is the number of protons and neutrons in the nucleus of an atom.
'ass number
(.) )hese are atoms with the same number of neutrons but different number of protons.
Isotones
*.) +hat is the charge in oulumb of neutron,
-
..) "tomic model which is /nown as the Billiard Ball 'odel.
0ohn 1alton2s 'odel
3.) It is /nown to be the planetary model of atom where electrons orbit the nucleus in 4shells5.
6iels Bohr2s 'odel
7.) " given compound always contains e#actly the same proportion of elements by mass.
8aw of 1efinite 9roportions
1-.) It determines the main energy level occupied by an electron.
9rincipal :uantum 6umber ;n)
11.) It indicates the orientation of the orbital.
'agnetic :uantum 6umber
1!.) It states that no two electrons in an atom can have the set of <uantum numbers.
9auli2s E#clusion 9rinciple
1%.) It states that every orbital in a subshell is singly occupied with one electron before any one
orbital is doubly occupied.
=und2s >ule
1&.) It is the horizontal row in the periodic table that provides the number of the last main energy
level.
9eriod
1(.) It is the ?roup (-" in the periodic table.
6itrogen $amily or 9nictogens
1*.) It describes the ability of an atom to accept an electron.
Electron affinity
1..) It is an ion that has an unpaired electron which may be either a radical cation or radical
anion.
>adical ion
13.) )his is the number of electrons an atom can donate, accept or share with other atoms to form
a compound.
@#idation Atate
17.) It is the number of particles in a mole of a substance.
"vogadro2s 6umber
!-.) )his is a chemical substance that ta/es on o#ygen or gives up electrons to another substance.
>educing agent
PHYSICS
!1.) It is the degree of e#actness of measurement compared to true value.
"ccuracy
!!.) It is a measure of consistency of measurements. It is sometimes called as reproducibility or
repeatability.
9recision
!%.) It is defined as the fraction 1B!.%.1* of the thermodynamic temperature of the triple point
water.
Celvin ;C)
!&.) It is the AI unit for "ngular Delocity.
radian per second
!(.) +hat is the value of Atandard "tmospheric 9ressure or 1 atm,
1.-1%!( # 1-( 9a
!*.) )his is the sum of its /inetic energy and potential energy.
'echanical Energy
!..) )he ratio of the distance through which the input force acts to the distance through which
the output force acts.
Ideal 'echanical "dvantage ;I'")
!3.) It states that the e#ternal force needed to stretch a spring to a distance # is given by $E/#
where $ is the e#ternal force, / is the spring constant in 6Bm and # is the elongation in m.
=oo/e2s 8aw
!7.) It states that if a body e#erts a force on another body, the second body reacts with a force of
the same magnitude that it e#erts on the first body.
6ewton2s )hird 8aw ;8aw of "ction and >eaction)
%-.) Atates that every point mass in the universe attracts every other point mass with a force that
is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the s<uare of
the distance between them.
6ewton2s 8aw of Fniversal ?ravitation
%1.) )hese are the waves in which the vibration direction is parallel to the direction of
propagation.
8ongitudinal waves
%!.) )his is the distance along the direction of propagation between corresponding points on the
wave.
+avelength
%%.) 8aw where the fre<uency of a vibrating spring is inversely proportional to its diameter when
other factors are considered the same.
8aw of 1iameter
%&.) It refers to the response of a body when a forcing fre<uency matches its natural fre<uency.
>esonance
%(.) )his is the apparent rise and falls in the pitch of the sound of a sounding body as the
sounding body or observer approaches or leaves the observer.
1oppler2s effect
%*.) )heory proposed by Isaac 6ewton which describes light as being composed of tiny particles
sent out by luminous bodies and behave li/e tiny elastic balls.
orpuscular )heory of 8ight
%..) It is the scattering or spreading of light waves as they pass around the edge or a small
opening.
1iffraction
%3.) Atates that a ray of light bends in such a way that the ratio of the sine of the angle of
incidence to the sine of the angle of refraction is constant.
Anell2s 8aw of >efraction
%7.) )his is the angle of incidence at which the angle of refraction ma/es 7- degrees with the
normal.
ritical angle
&-.) )his is a lens whose thic/ness is small compared with the radii of curvature > and R .
)hin 8ens
Engineering
Mechanics
&1.) )his is the study of motion without reference to the forces that causes the motion.
Cinematics
&!.) " classification of vector wherein a uni<ue line in space must be maintained along the <uantity acts.
Aliding vector
&%.) $orces whose lines of action pass through a common point.
oncurrent forces
&&.) )his is the measure if the effectiveness of the force in producing rotation about an a#is.
)or<ue or moment
&(.) It is the mass to which a force of one pound will give an acceleration of one foot per second per
second.
Alug
&*.) It occurs when one surfaces rotates as it moves over the other surface but does not slip or slide at the
point of contact.
>olling friction
&..) ables whose loading is uniformly distributed horizontally and with a span-to-sag ratio ;8Bd) of 1- or
greater.
9arabolic cables
&3.) Atates that the resultant of the e#ternal forces applied to a body and the reversed force ;>E$) is e<ual
to zero.
12 "lembert2s 9rinciple
&7.) )he linear velocity of a tangent point on a rotating body e#pressed in mBs.
)angential velocity ;v)
(-.) )heorem where impulse is e<ual to the change in momentum.
Impulse-'omentum )heorem
(1.) ollision where obGects stic/ together after the impact. Cinetic energy loss is ma#imum in these
types of collision.
9erfectly Inelastic ollision
(!.) 9roperty a distribution of mass in space that measures its resistance to rotational acceleration about
an a#is.
'oment of Inertia
(%.) )his is a pair of parallel forces of the same magnitude but opposite in direction.
ouple
(&.) $orce that will give to a mass of one /ilogram an acceleration of one centimeter per second per
second.
6ewton
((.) ondition of a body in motion with constant motion.
)ranslational E<uilibrium
(*.) ables whose loading is uniformly distributed along the length of the cable and with the span-to-sag
ratio ;8Bd) less than or e<ual to 1-.
atenary
(..) It is a body which after being given an initial velocity is allowed to travel under the action of gravity
alone.
9roGectile
(3.) +hen two bodies of masses m and m collide, the total momentum before impact is e<ual to the
total momentum after impact
8aw of onservation of 'omentum
(7.) )he resistance of any physical obGect in its state of rest or motion.
Inertia
*-.) It is a collision that conserves /inetic energy.
Elastic ollision
Strength of
Materials
*1.) )he modulus of elasticity for a material refers toH
>atio of stress over strain
*!.) +hat property of a metal describes onset of plastic deformation in a tensile test,
Iield Atrength
*%.) )he condition under which the stress is constant or uniform.
Aimple Atress
*&.) )he highest ordinate on the stress-stain curve.
Fltimate Atress or Fltimate Atrength
*(.) Ahearing test is also /nown asH
)angential Atress
**.) Atress caused by forces perpendicular to the areas on which the act.
6ormal Atress
*..) +hat type of stress is produced whenever the applied load cause one section of a body to
tend to slide past its adGacent section,
Ahearing test
*3.) )he ratio of the unit lateral deformation to the unit longitude deformation is calledH
9oisson ratio
*7.) )he straightJline portion of the stress-strain diagram has slope e<ual to the KKKKKK of the
material.
'odulus of Elasticity
.-.) )he stress beyond which the material will not return to its original shape when unloaded.
Elastic limit
.1.) It describes the shape elasticity of the material.
Ahear modulus
.!.) )he moment produced by two e<ual and opposite and collinear forces.
)or<ue
.%.) )he section of a beam at which the bending moment changes from positive to negative.
9oint of Inflection
.&.) )he moment of inertia of any plane figure can be e#pressed in the units of length to theH
$ourth power
.(.) 1efinition of stress concentration factor.
>atio of ma#imum stress produced in a section to the average stress over the
section.
.*.) $i#ing both ends of s simply supported beam that has a uniform load throughout the span
will increase the allowable load byH
(-L
...) $or a system to be in e<uilibrium, the sum of the e#ternal forces acting on the system must
beH
Mero
.3.) +hat is the metal characteristic to withstand forces that cause twisting,
)orsional strength
.7.) )he pressure at which a substance is capable of supporting without fracturing.
Iield Atress
3-.) It refers to a bar ;or rod, shaft, cantilever, etc.) under bending.
Beam
Thermodynamics
31.) It is the transfer of energy from the more energetic particles of substance to the adGacent less
energetic ones as a result of interactions between the particles.
onduction
3!.) It indicates that the rate of heat conduction in a direction is proportional to the temperature
gradient in that direction.
$ourier2s 8aw of =eat onduction
3%.) It is the mode of energy transfer between a solid surface and the adGacent li<uid or gas that is
in motion, and it involves the combined effect conduction and fluid motion.
onvection
3&.) It is the energy emitted by the matter in the form of electromagnetic waves as a result of the
changes in the electronic configurations of the atom or molecules.
>adiation
3(.) It states that energy can neither be destroyed nor createdN it can only change forms.
$irst 8aw of )hermodynamics
3*.) It is defined as the amount of light output in lumens per + of electricity consumed.
8ight efficacy
3..) arnot cycle is composed of how many reversible processes,
&
33.) +hat term refers to the heat needed to melt a solid or that must be removed to freeze a
li<uid,
=eat of $usion, 8atent =eat of $usion, Enthalpy of $usion
37.) +hat is the value given to standard pressure in )orrs,
.*-
7-.) +ho invented the barometer,
)orricelli
71.) +hat is the random motion of particles suspended in a fluid,
Brownian motion
7!.) +hat is the most efficient heat engine that can operate between two temperature reservoirs
) and T ?
Carnot engine
93.) The formation of pockets of gas in a liquid.
Cavitation
94.) The change of gas to a liquid.
Condensation
95.) !imetallic strip commonl" found in home furnace thermostats #orks !ecause of
the difference in #hich propert" of the t#o metals?
Thermal e$pansion
9%.) The area of thermod"namics concerned #ith the measuring of thermal properties is
called #hat?
Calorimetr"
9&.) thermod"namic process in #hich entrop" is conserved.
'sentropic
9(.) )o# man" Torr are there in one atmosphere?
&%*
99.) )eat from the sun reaches the +arth !",
Radiation
-**.) The part of a nuclear po#er plant that prevents thermal pollution of lakes or rivers
is the,
Cooling to#er
Mahal na mahal po kita labs!!!! Salamat ng marami
sa paghatid. :* Mamimiss po kita!!!! Hahanap
hanapin ko ang halik, yakap at lambing mo!! I love
you so much Papa aniel!!!! !oodluck sa lahat pa ng
re"uirements! :P Mag#iingat pag#u$i ng %avite!
apat ako lang ang babae mo labs at pumangala$a
kay mama mo sa pinakamagandang babae!
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