UNIT TITLE: Sovereign Citizens

UNIT NUMBER: 1.12.0






Maine Criminal Justice Academy
15 Oak Grove Road
Vassalboro, ME 04989

Prepared by: J im Birt - MCJ A Staff Date: 4-5-2012
Some original material provided by Ryan Dearborn – Mountain View Youth Development Center
Some original material provided by Robert Byrnes – Kittery Police Department
Reviewed by Azure Turcotte, Intelligence Analyst – Maine Information & Analysis Center
Reviewed by Stephanie Walker, Intelligence Analyst – FBI Counterterrorism Division
Reviewed by Police Chief Robert Paudert (Ret) – West Memphis Arkansas Police Department

RESTRICTED TO LAW ENFORCEMENT
Goal











Performance Objectives

























R Re em mi in nd d t th he e g gr ro ou up p t th ha at t S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n C Ci it ti iz ze en ns s i is s o on ne e o of f t th he e M MC CJ J A A m ma an nd da at to or ry y
t tr ra ai in ni in ng g t to op pi ic cs s f fo or r c ca al le en nd da ar r y ye ea ar r 2 20 01 12 2. . T Th he e m ma at te er ri ia al l c co ov ve er re ed d w wi il ll l b be e
a ad dd dr re es ss se ed d t to ow wa ar rd ds s t th he e p pa at tr ro ol l o of ff fi ic ce er r w wh ho o w wi il ll l p pr ro ob ba ab bl ly y b be e t th he e f fi ir rs st t i in nd di iv vi id du ua al l
o of f a au ut th ho or ri it ty y t to o m ma ak ke e c co on nt ta ac ct t w wi it th h a a m me em mb be er r o of f t th he e S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n C Ci it ti iz ze en n
m mo ov ve em me en nt t. . T Th he e b ba as si ic c b be el li ie ef f o of f t th he e S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n C Ci it ti iz ze en n i is s t th ha at t o ou ur r g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t
i is s ‘ ‘i il ll le eg ga al l’ ’ a an nd d t th he ey y w wi il ll l n no ot t r re es sp pe ec ct t o or r a ad dh he er re e t to o a an ny y l la aw ws s o or r a au ut th ho or ri it ty y
f fi ig gu ur re es s, , s sp pe ec ci if fi ic ca al ll ly y l la aw w e en nf fo or rc ce em me en nt t o of ff fi ic ce er rs s, , j ju ud dg ge es s, , t ta ax xi in ng g a ag ge en nc ci ie es s, , a an nd d
p po ol li it ti ic ca al ll ly y e el le ec ct te ed d o of ff fi ic ci ia al ls s. . T Th he e S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n C Ci it ti iz ze en ns s s se ee e t th he es se e i in nd di iv vi id du ua al ls s a as s
m me er re e a ag ge en nt ts s o of f a a f fr ra au ud du ul le en nt t a an nd d o op pp pr re es ss si iv ve e g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t. .
After this unit of instruction the student will be able to accomplish the following
objectives as outlined in this lesson:



1.12.1 Define a Sovereign Citizen
1.12.2 List 3 of the 5 other names that refer to Sovereigns
1.12.3 State the 2 reasons why there was a resurgence of the group in 2008
1.12.4 Identify what Sovereigns believe is the highest form of government
1.12.5 Describe the organizational structure of the Sovereign Citizens
1.12.6 List 6 basic illegal activities Sovereigns are involved with
1.12.7 List 2 of the 3 vehicle marking a Sovereign may display
1.12.8 What term would a Sovereign use instead of road or street?
1.12.9 What type of firearms do Sovereigns prefer?
1.12.10 What do you do prior to stopping a suspected Sovereign vehicle?
1.12.11 What might a Sovereign claim if you request a Social Security number?
1.12.12 At a traffic stop its not uncommon for a Sovereign to claim what?
1.12.13 List the 3 items most officers request at a traffic stop
1.12.14 What should be obtained when stopping a Sovereign vehicle?
1.12.15 What is the significance of information not shared?
1.12.16 List 3 of the 4 popular forms used by Sovereigns
1.12.17 How many groups of Sovereigns have formed fictitious police agencies
1.12.18 If you had a bad encounter with a Sovereign, where might you check?
1.12.19 List 2 of the 3 offices you contact after a Sovereign encounter.



Administrative Information

Estimated Time Range:


Presentation Methods / Media

Methods Media
























Material & Equipment










Student outside assignments:

Androscoggin County Sheriff’s Department
Lesson Plan Outline

2 Hours
Interactive discussion



Maine Criminal Justice Academy
Lesson Plan Outline




































Outline of instructional Unit Objectives & Notes









Look for show of hands.

















1.12.1



Definition:
Domestic Terrorism –
groups or individuals
operating entirely inside the
US, attempting to influence
the government or
population to effect political
or social change by
engaging in criminal
activity.

I I. . I In nt tr ro od du uc ct ti io on n

A A. . I In nt tr ro od du uc ct ti io on n
B B. . C Cr re ed de en nt ti ia al ls s
C C. . G Go oa al ls s a an nd d O Ob bj je ec ct ti iv ve es s
D D. . A At tt te en nt ti io on n G Gr ra ab bb be er r

A As sk k c cl la as ss s/ /a au ud di ie en nc ce e: :

H Ho ow w m ma an ny y o of f y yo ou u r re ea al ll ly y f fe ee el l t th ha at t t th he e g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t i is s
w wo or rk ki in ng g i in n y yo ou ur r b be es st t i in nt te er re es st t? ?

D Do o y yo ou u r re ea al ll ly y f fe ee el l t th ha at t y yo ou ur r e el le ec ct te ed d o of ff fi ic ci ia al ls s d do o w wh ha at t
i is s b be es st t f fo or r y yo ou u a an nd d t th he e c co ou un nt tr ry y? ?

W Wh he en n y yo ou u v vo ot te e, , d do o y yo ou u r re ea al ll ly y t th hi in nk k y yo ou u m ma ad de e a a
d di if ff fe er re en nc ce e? ?

W Wh he en n a as sk ke ed d t th he e a ab bo ov ve e q qu ue es st ti io on ns s, , m ma an ny y s st ta at te e ‘ ‘n no o’ ’. . M Ma an ny y o of f u us s
w wi il ll l n no ot t a ac ct t o ou ut t a ag ga ai in ns st t t th he e g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t b be ec ca au us se e w we e f fe ee el l t th hi is s w wa ay y
h ho ow we ev ve er r t th he e S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n C Ci it ti iz ze en ns s a ar re e i in nc cl li in ne ed d t to o a ac ct t o ou ut t, , s so om me e
v vi io ol le en nt tl ly y, , b be ec ca au us se e t th he ey y f fe ee el l t th hi is s w wa ay y. . T Th he ey y r re ej je ec ct t t th he e n no ot ti io on n o of f U US S
C Ci it ti iz ze en ns sh hi ip p a an nd d t th he e r re es sp po on ns si ib bi il li it ti ie es s a as ss so oc ci ia at te ed d w wi it th h b be ei in ng g a a U US S
c ci it ti iz ze en n. .


I II I. . S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n C Ci it ti iz ze en n D De ef fi in ne ed d

A A p pe er rs so on n w wh ho os se e b be el li ie ef f a an nd d a ac ct ti io on ns s a ar re e a an nt ti i- -g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t a an nd d
r re ej je ec ct ts s t th he e n no ot ti io on n o of f U U. .S S. . c ci it ti iz ze en ns sh hi ip p. . T Th he ey y c cl la ai im m t to o f fo ol ll lo ow w
o on nl ly y G Go od d’ ’s s l la aw ws s a an nd d t th he e a am me en nd dm me en nt ts s f fo ou un nd d i in n t th he e o or ri ig gi in na al l
B Bi il ll l o of f R Ri ig gh ht ts s. . M Me em mb be er rs s h ha av ve e s sa ai id d t th ha at t b by y f fo or rc ce e o or r b by y p pe ea ac ce e, , a a
g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t o ov ve er rh ha au ul l w wi il ll l h ha ap pp pe en n. . T Th he e F FB BI I c co on ns si id de er rs s t th he e
s so ov ve er re ei ig gn n m mo ov ve em me en nt t o on ne e t th he e n na at ti io on n’ ’s s t to op p d do om me es st ti ic c t te er rr ro or ri is st t
t th hr re ea at ts s. .

B Bi il ll l o of f R Ri ig gh ht ts s

T Th he e c co ol ll le ec ct ti iv ve e n na am me e f fo or r t th he e f fi ir rs st t t te en n a am me en nd dm me en nt ts s t to o t th he e
U Un ni it te ed d S St ta at te es s C Co on ns st ti it tu ut ti io on n. .
Maine Criminal Justice Academy
Lesson Plan Outline




































T Th he es se e l li im mi it t t th he e p po ow we er r o of f t th he e U U. .S S. . F Fe ed de er ra al l g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t i in n t th he e
a ar re ea as s o of f: :

F Fr re ee ed do om m o of f r re el li ig gi io on n
F Fr re ee ed do om m o of f s sp pe ee ec ch h, , o or r o of f t th he e p pr re es ss s
R Ri ig gh ht t o of f p pe eo op pl le e t to o a as ss se em mb bl le e p pe ea ac ce ea ab bl ly y
T Th he e r ri ig gh ht t t to o k ke ee ep p a an nd d b ba ar re e a ar rm ms s
T Th he e r ri ig gh ht t o of f t th he e p pe eo op pl le e a ag ga ai in ns st t u un nr re ea as so on na ab bl le e s se ea ar rc ch he es s, , s se ei iz zu ur re es s
T Th he e r ri ig gh ht t a ag ga ai in ns st t s se el lf f- -i in nc cr ri im mi in na at ti io on n. .

A Al ls so o K Kn no ow wn n A As s

S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n C Ci it ti iz ze en ns s a ar re e a al ls so o k kn no ow wn n a as s: :

1 1. . “ “C Co om mm mo on n L La aw w C Ci it ti iz ze en ns s” ”
2 2. . “ “F Fr re ee em me en n” ” – – r re ep pr re es se en nt ti in ng g f fr re ee ed do om m o of f g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t c co on nt tr ro ol l. .
3 3. . “ “C Co on ns st ti it tu ut ti io on na al li is st ts s” ”
4 4. . “ “P Po os ss se e C Co om mi it ta at tu us s” ”
5 5. . “ “P Pr re ea am mb bl le e C Ci it ti iz ze en ns s” ”


I II II I. . H Hi is st to or ry y o of f t th he e S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n C Ci it ti iz ze en n M Mo ov ve em me en nt t

1 19 97 70 0s s a an nd d- -1 19 98 80 0’ ’s s P Po os ss se e C Co om mi it ta at tu us s – – a an n a an nt ti i- -g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t, ,
e ex xt tr re em mi is st t g gr ro ou up p b bl le en nd de ed d w wi it th h K KK KK K a an nd d o ot th he er r r ra ad di ic ca al l, , a an nt ti i- -
g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t g gr ro ou up ps s. .
. .
T Th hi is s g gr ro ou up p e ex xi is st te ed d f fo or r w we el ll l o ov ve er r a a d de ec ca ad de e

1 19 98 83 3 - - A Af ft te er r a a P Po os ss se e a ad dh he er re en nt t k ki il ll le ed d t tw wo o U US S M Ma ar rs sh ha al ls s, , t th he e
m mo ov ve em me en nt t l la ar rg ge el ly y f fa ad de ed d. . T Th he e g gr ro ou un nd dw wo or rk k h ho ow we ev ve er r f fo or r
f fo ol ll lo ow wi in ng g a an nt ti i- -g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t g gr ro ou up ps s w wa as s l la ai id d. .

1 19 99 90 0s s – – ( (e ea ar rl ly y/ /m mi id d) ) M Me em mb be er rs sh hi ip p i in n a an nt ti i- -g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t m mi il li it ti ia as s, ,
w wh hi it te e s su up pr re em ma ac ci is st t a an nd d o ot th he er r r ra ad di ic ca al l g gr ro ou up ps s g gr re ew w. .

1 19 99 90 0s s – – ( (l la at te e) ) G Gr ro ou up ps s d de ev ve el lo op pe ed d “ “R Re ed de em mp pt ti io on n T Th he eo or ry y” ”
A A c cl la ai im m t th ha at t f fe ed de er ra al l g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t u us se ed d c ci it ti iz ze en ns s a as s c co ol ll la at te er ra al l
a ag ga ai in ns st t f fo or re ei ig gn n d de eb bt t. . . .

2 20 00 08 8- - A A r re es su ur rg ge en nc ce e o of f t th he e m mo ov ve em me en nt t. .
F Fu ue el le ed d b by y p po oo or r e ec co on no om my y
Outline of instructional Unit Objectives & Notes











1.12.2





























1.12.3
Maine Criminal Justice Academy
Lesson Plan Outline




































Outline of instructional Unit Objectives & Notes
E Ef ff fi ic ci ie en nc cy y o of f I In nt te er rn ne et t t to o s sp pr re ea ad d r ra ad di ic ca al l i id de ea as s

C Cy yc cl li ic ca al l

A An ny yt ti im me e t th he e e ec co on no om my y i is s d do ow wn n, , y yo ou u s se ee e a a r re es su ur rg ge en nc ce e o of f
p pe eo op pl le e b bl la am mi in ng g t th he e g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t f fo or r w wh ha at t g go oe es s w wr ro on ng g. .


I IV V. . S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n C Ci it ti iz ze en n B Be el li ie ef fs s

1 1. . A An n i in nd di iv vi id du ua al l i is s a a g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t u un nt to o h hi im ms se el lf f
2 2. . N No o g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t c ca an n c co on nt tr ro ol l a an n i in nd di iv vi id du ua al l w wi it th ho ou ut t t th ha at t
p pe er rs so on n’ ’s s d di ir re ec ct t p pe er rm mi is ss si io on n. .
3 3. . A A p pe er rs so on n h ha as s a a r ri ig gh ht t t to o r re es si id de e i in n c co ou un nt tr ry y, , y ye et t n no ot t b be e u un nd de er r
c co on nt tr ro ol l o of f t th he e g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t. .
4 4. . I In nc co om me e t ta ax x i is s i il ll le eg ga al l
5 5. . T Th he e c co ou un nt ty y i is s t th he e h hi ig gh he es st t f fo or rm m o of f g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t
6 6. . T Th he e S Sh he er ri if ff f i is s t th he e o on nl ly y l la aw w e en nf fo or rc ce em me en nt t r re ec co og gn ni iz ze ed d s si in nc ce e
h he e i is s e el le ec ct te ed d b by y t th he e p pe eo op pl le e. .

W Wh he en n a a b be el li ie ef f s sy ys st te em m m mo ot ti iv va at te es s i it ts s m me em mb be er rs s t to o c co om mm mi it t
v vi io ol le en nt t a ac ct ts s, , i it t b be ec co om me es s a a l la aw w e en nf fo or rc ce em me en nt t p pr ro ob bl le em m. . T Th he e
m ma aj jo or ri it ty y o of f S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n C Ci it ti iz ze en ns s ( (e es st ti im ma at te ed d a at t 9 97 7% %) ) a ar re e n no ot t
d da an ng ge er ro ou us s h ho ow we ev ve er r t th he e o ot th he er r 3 3 % % c ca an n b be e V VE ER RY Y v vi io ol le en nt t. . T Th he ey y
s se ee e v vi io ol le en nc ce e a as s t th he e o on nl ly y w wa ay y t to o b br ri in ng g a ab bo ou ut t t th he e c ch ha an ng ge e t th he ey y
b be el li ie ev ve e i in n. . T Th he ey y d di is sc co on nn ne ec ct t f fr ro om m g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t, , t th he ey y a ar re e
f fr ru us st tr ra at te ed d w wi it th h t th he e g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t n no ot t l lo oo ok ki in ng g o ou ut t f fo or r t th he ei ir r b be es st t
i in nt te er re es st t a an nd d a ar re e f fr ru us st tr ra at te ed d w wi it th h f fi ig gu ur re es s o of f a au ut th ho or ri it ty y. . T Th he ey y l li iv ve e
a an nd d b be el li ie ev ve e t th hi is s d da ay y a af ft te er r d da ay y a an nd d b be eg gi in n t to o t th hi in nk k – – i if f a a l la aw w
e en nf fo or rc ce em me en nt t o of ff fi ic ce er r s st to op ps s m me e t to od da ay y- - t to od da ay y m ma ay y b be e t th he e d da ay y I I’ ’l ll l
k ki il ll l h hi im m. .

D Do o N NO OT T u un nd de er re es st ti im ma at te e t th he es se e i in nd di iv vi id du ua al ls s. . T Th he ey y w wi il ll l k ki il ll l o or r
b be e k ki il ll le ed d f fo or r w wh ha at t t th he ey y b be el li ie ev ve e! !

V V. . T Th hr re ea at ts s t to o L La aw w E En nf fo or rc ce em me en nt t

P Ph hy ys si ic ca al l t th hr re ea at ts s
S Si in nc ce e 1 19 99 90 0, , 5 51 1 l la aw w e en nf fo or rc ce em me en nt t o of ff fi ic ce er rs s h ha av ve e b be ee en n
k ki il ll le ed d i in n 3 38 8 i in nc ci id de en nt ts s i in n w wh hi ic ch h a at t l le ea as st t o on ne e o of f t th he e s su us sp pe ec ct ts s w wa as s a a
r ri ig gh ht t- -w wi in ng g c cr ri im mi in na al l e ex xt tr re em mi is st t. . 9 95 5% % o of f 3 38 8 o of ff fi ic ce er r i in nc ci id de en nt ts s s si in nc ce e 1 19 99 90 0
i in nv vo ol lv ve ed d l lo oc ca al l o or r s st ta at te e l la aw w e en nf fo or rc ce em me en nt t















1.12.4




























Maine Criminal Justice Academy
Lesson Plan Outline




































Outline of instructional Unit Objectives & Notes
C Co on nt ta ac ct t m ma ay y b be e a as ss so oc ci ia at te ed d w wi it th h n no or rm ma al l l la aw w e en nf fo or rc ce em me en nt t o op pe er ra at ti io on ns s: :

1 1. . T Tr ra af ff fi ic c s st to op ps s
2 2. . P Pr ro ot te ec ct ti io on n o or rd de er rs s
3 3. . W Wa ar rr ra an nt t s se er rv vi ic ce e
4 4. . D Do om me es st ti ic c d di is st tu ur rb ba an nc ce es s


V VI I. . O Or rg ga an ni iz za at ti io on na al l S St tr ru uc ct tu ur re e o of f t th he e S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n C Ci it ti iz ze en n M Mo ov ve em me en nt t

S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n C Ci it ti iz ze en ns s a ar re e d di if ff fu us se ed d t th hr ro ou ug gh ho ou ut t t th he e c co ou un nt tr ry y. .
T Th he ey y a ar re e a a l lo oo os se el ly y o or rg ga an ni iz ze ed d c co ol ll le ec ct ti io on n o of f g gr ro ou up ps s/ /i in nd di iv vi id du ua al ls s
E Es st ti im ma at te ed d m me em mb be er rs sh hi ip p i is s b be et tw we ee en n 1 10 00 0, ,0 00 00 0 a an nd d 3 30 00 0, ,0 00 00 0. .
N No o o on ne e p pe er rs so on n i is s k kn no ow wn n t to o b be e t th he e l le ea ad de er r o of f t th he e m mo ov ve em me en nt t


V VI II I. . E En nc co ou un nt te er ri in ng g S So ov ve er re ei ig gn ns s

L La aw w E En nf fo or rc ce em me en nt t i is s e en nc co ou un nt te er ri in ng g S So ov ve er re ei ig gn ns s i in n e ev ve er ry y p pa ar rt t o of f
t th he e c co ou un nt tr ry y – – s sq qu ua at tt ti in ng g i in n a ab ba an nd do on ne ed d h ho ou us se es s, , d dr ri iv vi in ng g w wi it th h
s st tr ra an ng ge el ly y w wo or rd de ed d d dr ri iv ve er r’ ’s s l li ic ce en ns se es s a an nd d f fa ak ke e r re eg gi is st tr ra at ti io on ns s, ,
r re es si is st ti in ng g a ar rr re es st t, , c cr re ea at ti in ng g t th he ei ir r o ow wn n c cu ur rr re en nc cy y, , d du up pi in ng g c cl li ie en nt ts s w wi it th h
e em mp pt ty y p pr ro om mi is se es s o of f d di is sc ch ha ar rg gi in ng g t ta ax x d de eb bt ts s o or r f fi ig gh ht ti in ng g
f fo or re ec cl lo os su ur re es s. .

O Ot th he er r I Il ll le eg ga al l a ac ct ti iv vi it ti ie es s u us se e b by y S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n C Ci it ti iz ze en ns s i in nc cl lu ud de e: :

1 1. . H Ho ol ld d i il ll le eg ga al l c co ou ur rt ts s t th ha at t i is ss su ue e w wa ar rr ra an nt ts s f fo or r j ju ud dg ge es s a an nd d p po ol li ic ce e
o of ff fi ic ce er rs s
2 2. . C Cl lo og gg gi in ng g u up p t th he e c co ou ur rt ts s w wi it th h f fr ri iv vo ol lo ou us s l la aw ws su ui it ts s
3 3. . F Fi il le e b bo og gu us s l li ie en ns s a ag ga ai in ns st t p pu ub bl li ic c o of ff fi ic ci ia al l t to o h ha ar ra as ss s t th he em m
4 4. . C Co om mm mi it t m mu ur rd de er r a an nd d p ph hy ys si ic ca al l a as ss sa au ul lt t
5 5. . T Th hr re ea at te en n j ju ud dg ge es s, , g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t p pe er rs so on nn ne el l, , a an nd d l la aw w
e en nf fo or rc ce em me en nt t o of ff fi ic ci ia al ls s
6 6. . I Im mp pe er rs so on na at te e p po ol li ic ce e o of ff fi ic ce er rs s a an nd d d di ip pl lo om ma at ts s
7 7. . P Pr ri in nt t, , s se el ll l, , a an nd d u us se e f fa ak ke e c cu ur rr re en nc cy y, , p pa as ss sp po or rt ts s, , l li ic ce en ns se e p pl la at te es s
a an nd d d dr ri iv ve er r’ ’s s l li ic ce en ns se es s
8 8. . E En ng gi in ne ee er r v va ar ri io ou us s w wh hi it te e- -c co ol ll la ar r s sc ca am ms s, , i in nc cl lu ud di in ng g m mo or rt tg ga ag ge e
f fr ra au ud ds s
9 9. . F Fi il li in ng g b bo og gu us s t ta ax x r re et tu ur rn ns s c cl la ai im mi in ng g t th he ey y a ar re e o ow we ed d m mo on ne ey y. .
1 10 0. . C Co on nd du uc ct t s se em mi in na ar rs s a ac cr ro os ss s t th he e c co ou un nt tr ry y a an nd d s se el ll li in ng g D DV VD Ds s t to o
i in nd di iv vi id du ua al ls s p pr ro ov vi id di in ng g i in ns st tr ru uc ct ti io on n o on n h ho ow w t to o a ac cc co om mp pl li is sh h t th he e






1.12.5









1.12.6

























Maine Criminal Justice Academy
Lesson Plan Outline



































Outline of instructional Unit Objectives & Notes
a ab bo ov ve e a ac ct ti iv vi it ti ie es s. .

V Va ac ca an nt t/ /A Ab ba an nd do on ne ed d P Pr ro op pe er rt ty y

I In n C Ca al li if fo or rn ni ia a a a g gr ro ou up p o of f s so ov ve er re ei ig gn n c ci it ti iz ze en ns s s si im mp pl ly y m mo ov ve ed d i in nt to o
u un no oc cc cu up pi ie ed d p pr ro op pe er rt ti ie es s a an nd d p po os st te ed d n no ot ti ic ce es s t th ha at t d de ec cl la ar re ed d t th he e
s se ei iz ze ed d h ho ou us se es s t to o b be e a a s so ov ve er re ei ig gn n r re ep pu ub bl li ic c, , t th hr re ea at te en ni in ng g v vi io ol le en nc ce e
a ag ga ai in ns st t a an ny yo on ne e w wh ho o e en nt te er re ed d. .

P Po os st te ed d s si ig gn ns s r re ea ad d: :

“ “P Pr ri iv va at te e P Pr ro op pe er rt ty y o of f s so ov ve er re ei ig gn n W Wo om ma an n o of f t th he e r re ep pu ub bl li ic c a an nd d
C Ca al li if fo or rn ni ia a” ”

“ “D Do o N No ot t D Di is st tu ur rb b I In nd di iv vi id du ua al ls s w wh ho o h ha av ve e p po os ss se es ss si io on n o of f t th he e
p pr ro op pe er rt ty y” ”

“ “A Al ll l f fe ed de er ra al l a an nd d s st ta at te e e em mp pl lo oy ye ee es s a at tt te em mp pt ti in ng g t to o v vi is si it t w wi il ll l b be e
t tr re ea at te ed d a as s t tr re es sp pa as ss se er rs s a an nd d f fa ac ce e t th he e w wr ra at th h o of f t th he e o oc cc cu up pa an nt ts s a an nd d
t th he ei ir r r ri ig gh ht t t to o ‘ ‘S Se el lf f P Pr re es se er rv va at ti io on n – – R Ri ig gh ht t t to o r re ep pe el l F Fo or rc ce e b by y F Fo or rc ce e
– – S Se el lf f D De ef fe en ns se e – – J J u us st ti if fi ia ab bl le e H Ho om mi ic ci id de e. .” ”



V VI II II I. . E En nc co ou un nt te er ri in ng g S So ov ve er re ei ig gn ns s C Ci it ti iz ze en ns s a at t T Tr ra af ff fi ic c S St to op ps s

S So om me e S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n C Ci it ti iz ze en ns s ‘ ‘a ad dv ve er rt ti is se e’ ’ t th he e f fa ac ct t t th ha at t t th he ey y b be el lo on ng g t to o
t th hi is s g gr ro ou up p. .
B Bo og gu us s v ve eh hi ic cl le e r re eg gi is st tr ra at ti io on n p pl la at te es s o on n a a v ve eh hi ic cl le e m ma ay y h ha av ve e t th he e
w wo or rd di in ng g: :

1 1. . ‘ ‘R Re ep pu ub bl li ic c o of f T Te ex xa as s’ ’
2 2. . ‘ ‘K Ki in ng gd do om m o of f H He ea av ve en n’ ’
3 3. . ‘ ‘A Al la ab ba am ma a r re ep pu ub bl li ic c’ ’
4 4. . ‘ ‘M Mo ot to or ri iz ze ed d C Co on nv ve ey ya an nc ce e R Re eg gi is st tr ra at ti io on n
5 5. . ‘ ‘M Mo oo or ri is sh h N Na at ti io on n’ ’/ / ‘ ‘W Wa as sh hi it ta aw w’ ’
6 6. . S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n, , C Ch hr ri is st ti ia an n C Ci it ti iz ze en n’ ’
7 7. . ‘ ‘S Su ui i J J u ur ri is s’ ’ ( (L La at ti in n f fo or r ‘ ‘o of f o on ne e’ ’s s o ow wn n l la aw w’ ’) )
8 8. . ‘ ‘A Am mb ba as ss sa ad do or r’ ’ o or r ‘ ‘D Di ip pl lo om ma at t’ ’
9 9. . U US S D DO OT T
















Think of this next time
you are checking a
building.

























Maine Criminal Justice Academy
Lesson Plan Outline



































Outline of instructional Unit Objectives & Notes

A Al ll l o of f t th he e a ab bo ov ve e r re eg gi is st tr ra at ti io on n a ar re e w we el ll l m ma ad de e a an nd d m ma ay y n no ot t b be e
d de et te ec ct te ed d a as s b bo og gu us s w wi it th h a a q qu ui ic ck k g gl la an nc ce e. . C Cl lo os se er r e ex xa am mi in na at ti io on n w wi il ll l
i in nd di ic ca at te e t to o a an n o of ff fi ic ce er r t th ha at t t th he ey y a ar re e n no ot t l le eg gi it ti im ma at te e. . T Th he es se e
r re eg gi is st tr ra at ti io on n p pl la at te es s a ar re e s so ol ld d b by y t th he e S So ov ve er re ei ig gn ns s a as s a a w wa ay y t to o r ra ai is se e
m mo on ne ey y. .

A Ad dd di it ti io on na al l V Ve eh hi ic cl le e M Ma ar rk ki in ng gs s

D De ec ca al ls s ( (o or r h ho om me em ma ad de e s si ig gn ns s) ) a ar re e s so om me et ti im me es s f fo ou un nd d o on n m me em mb be er r’ ’s s
v ve eh hi ic cl le es s: :
1 1 ‘ ‘ D DO O N NO OT T S ST TO OP P, , D DO O N NO OT T D DE ET TA AI IN N’ ’
2 2. . A An n u up ps si id de e- -d do ow wn n A Am me er ri ic ca an n f fl la ag g i in n t th he e c ce en nt te er r o of f t th he e f fr ro on nt t
w wi in nd ds sh hi ie el ld d. .
3 3. . “ “1 16 68 8 t to o 1 1” ” ( (O Ok kl la ah ho om ma a b bo om mb bi in ng g v vi ic ct ti im ms s t to o s su us sp pe ec ct t) )

I IX X. . S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n C Ci it ti iz ze en n S St ta at te em me en nt ts s a at t T Tr ra af ff fi ic c S St to op ps s/ /o ot th he er r C Co on nt ta ac ct ts s

A A S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n c ci it ti iz ze en n m ma ay y m ma ak ke e o od dd d s st ta at te em me en nt ts s d du ur ri in ng g
c co on nt ta ac ct t s su uc ch h a as s: :

1 1. . “ “I I a am m a a f fr re ee e m ma an n t tr ra av ve el li in ng g u up po on n t th he e l la an nd d” ”
2 2. . M Ma ay y c ci it te e v va ar ri io ou us s U UC CC C c co od de es s
3 3. . M Ma ay y q qu ue es st ti io on n y yo ou ur r a au ut th ho or ri it ty y a as s a an n o of ff fi ic ce er r
4 4. . U Us se e c co on nv ve ey ya an nc ce e, , m ma ac ch hi in ne er ry y, , r ro oa ad d m ma ac ch hi in ne e, , p pe er rs so on na al l
u us se e r re ec cr re ea at ti io on na al l v ve eh hi ic cl le e ( (i in ns st te ea ad d o of f c ca ar r, , v ve eh hi ic cl le e, ,
m mo ot to or r v ve eh hi ic cl le e) )
5 5. . G Gu ue es st ts s, , f fr ri ie en nd ds s, , f fa am mi il ly y ( (i in ns st te ea ad d o of f p pa as ss se en ng ge er rs s) )
6 6. . T Tr ra av ve el li in ng g, , j jo ou ur rn ne ey yi in ng g, , m mo ov vi in ng g ( (i in ns st te ea ad d o of f d dr ri iv vi in ng g, ,
o op pe er ra at ti in ng g, , t tr ra an ns sp po or rt ti in ng g) )
7 7. . P Pu ub bl li ic c r ri ig gh ht t o of f w wa ay y ( (i in ns st te ea ad d o of f r ro oa ad d o or r s st tr re ee et t) )
8 8. . A Ab bo od de e, , l li iv vi in ng g, , d do om mi ic ci il le e ( (i in ns st te ea ad d o of f r re es si id de en nc ce e) )
9 9. . I In nh ha ab bi it ta an nt t, , N No on n- -R Re es si id de en nt t, , N No on n- -D Do om me es st ti ic c ( (i in ns st te ea ad d o of f
r re es si id de en nt t) )
1 10 0. . N No on n- -C Co om mm me er rc ci ia al l ( (i in ns st te ea ad d o of f p pu ub bl li ic c) ). .

W We ea ap po on ns s

S So ov ve er re ei ig gn ns s a ar re e k kn no ow wn n t to o l li ik ke e g gu un ns s. . E Es sp pe ec ci ia al ll ly y t th ho os se e t th ha at t c ca an n
e ea as si il ly y b be e c co on nv ve er rt te ed d t to o f fu ul ll l- -a au ut to om ma at ti ic c. . T Th he e r ru ul le e o of f t th hu um mb b i is s t th ha at t
t th he er re e a at t l le ea as st t t tw wo o i in n e ev ve er ry y v ve eh hi ic cl le e. . I If f a a s so ov ve er re ei ig gn n i is s e en nc co ou un nt te er re ed d
o ou ut ts si id de e o of f t th he e v ve eh hi ic cl le e, , t th he e r ru ul le e o of f t th hu um mb b i is s t th ha at t e ea ac ch h i is s c ca ar rr ry yi in ng g

1.12.7





















1.12.8












1.12.9





Maine Criminal Justice Academy
Lesson Plan Outline



































Outline of instructional Unit Objectives & Notes
a at t a a m mi in ni im mu um m o on ne e h ha an nd dg gu un n a an nd d o on ne e e ed dg ge e w we ea ap po on n. .

S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n c ci it ti iz ze en ns s a ar re e o of ft te en n c co on nf fu us se ed d w wi it th h e ex xt tr re em mi is st ts s f fr ro om m t th he e
m mi il li it ti ia a m mo ov ve em me en nt t. . B Bu ut t w wh hi il le e s so om me e s so ov ve er re ei ig gn n c ci it ti iz ze en ns s
s so om me et ti im me es s u us se e o or r b bu uy y w we ea ap po on ns s, , g gu un ns s a ar re e s se ec co on nd da ar ry y t to o t th he ei ir r
a an nt ti i- -g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t, , a an nt ti i- -t ta ax x b be el li ie ef fs s. . O On n t th he e o ot th he er r h ha an nd d, , g gu un ns s a an nd d
p pa ar ra am mi il li it ta ar ry y t tr ra ai in ni in ng g a ar re e p pa ar ra am mo ou un nt t t to o m mi il li it ti ia a g gr ro ou up ps s. .


B Ba ac ck ku up p

I If f y yo ou u s su us sp pe ec ct t t th ha at t t th he e v ve eh hi ic cl le e y yo ou u a ar re e a ab bo ou ut t t to o s st to op p m ma ay y b be e
o op pe er ra at te ed d b by y a a s so ov ve er re ei ig gn n c ci it ti iz ze en n- - C CA AL LL L F FO OR R B BA AC CK KU UP P! !
D Do o n no ot t s st to op p t th he e s su us sp pe ec ct t v ve eh hi ic cl le e u un nt ti il l b ba ac ck ku up p i is s o on n s sc ce en ne e. . T Th he e
b ba ac ck ku up p o of ff fi ic ce er r s sh ho ou ul ld d b be e p po os si it ti io on ne ed d a at t a a t ta ac ct ti ic ca al ll ly y c co or rr re ec ct t
p po os si it ti io on n w wi it th h l lo on ng g g gu un n a at t t th he e r re ea ad dy y. .



X X. . T Ta ac ct ti ic cs s t th ha at t m ma ay y i in nd di ic ca at te e a af ff fi il li ia at ti io on n a as s a a S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n C Ci it ti iz ze en n a at t a a
T Tr ra af ff fi ic c S St to op p: :

1 1. . M Ma ay y r ro ol ll l d do ow wn n t th he ei ir r w wi in nd do ow w j ju us st t e en no ou ug gh h t to o b be e h he ea ar rd d
2 2. . M Ma ay y r re ef fu us se e t to o c co oo op pe er ra at te e a an nd d e ex xe er rc ci is se e r ri ig gh ht t t to o r re em ma ai in n s si il le en nt t
3 3. . W Wh he en n a as sk ke ed d f fo or r d dr ri iv ve er r’ ’s s l li ic ce en ns se e m ma ay y a as sk k i is s t th ha at t a a r re eq qu ue es st t o or r
a a d de em ma an nd d. .
4 4. . M Ma ay y p pr ro ov vi id de e s st tr ra an ng ge e r re es sp po on ns se es s t to o l la aw w e en nf fo or rc ce em me en nt t q qu ue es st ti io on ns s
t th ha at t d do o n no ot t m ma ak ke e s se en ns se e. . E Ex xa am mp pl le e, , w wh he en n a as sk ke ed d t to o p pr re es se en nt t a a
l li ic ce en ns se e, , t th he ey y m ma ay y r re ep pl ly y, , “ “n no o, , n no ot t p pe er rs so on na al ll ly y. .” ”
5 5. . M Ma ay y c cl la ai im m n no ot t t to o h ha av ve e a a d dr ri iv ve er r’ ’s s l li ic ce en ns se e, , a an nd d m ma ay y p pr re es se en nt t
a a h ho om me em ma ad de e f fo or rm m o of f I ID D. .
6 6. . M Ma ay y c cl la ai im m t th ha at t i it t i is s u un nc co on ns st ti it tu ut ti io on na al l t to o r re eq qu ui ir re e i in nd di iv vi id du ua al ls s t to o
h ha av ve e a a d dr ri iv ve er r’ ’s s l li ic ce en ns se e a an nd d o ob be ey y t tr ra af ff fi ic c l la aw ws s. .
7 7. . I If f a an n o of ff fi ic ci ia al l s st ta at te e d dr ri iv ve er r’ ’s s l li ic ce en ns se e i is s p pr re es se en nt te ed d, , t th he ey y m ma ay y
c cl la ai im m t th ha at t t th he e p pe er rs so on n i in n t th he e p pi ic ct tu ur re e i is s n no ot t t th he em m. . T Th he ey y m ma ay y
f fu ur rt th he er r c cl la ai im m t th ha at t t th he e p pe er rs so on n i in n t th he e p pi ic ct tu ur re e i is s n no ot t h hu um ma an n, , b bu ut t
a a n no on n- -b br re ea at th hi in ng g e ex xt tr ra at te er rr re es st tr ri ia al l. .
8 8. . I If f a as sk ke ed d t to o p pr ro ov vi id de e a a S So oc ci ia al l S Se ec cu ur ri it ty y n nu um mb be er r f fo or r
i id de en nt ti if fi ic ca at ti io on n, , t th he ey y m ma ay y c cl la ai im m t th ha at t t th he e r re eq qu ue es st t i is s a an n i in nv va as si io on n
o of f t th he ei ir r p pr ri iv va ac cy y a an nd d/ /o or r a a v vi io ol la at ti io on n o of f t th he ei ir r r ri ig gh ht ts s. .
9 9. . W Wh he en n s si ig gn ni in ng g l la aw w e en nf fo or rc ce em me en nt t d do oc cu um me en nt ts s, , t th he ey y m ma ay y w wr ri it te e
“ “u un nd de er r d du ur re es ss s” ” b be en ne ea at th h t th he ei ir r s si ig gn na at tu ur re es s o or r c ci it te e v va ar ri io ou us s












1.12.10

Even a ‘minor’ traffic stop
challenges the ideology of
the Sovereigns and can
escalate to a violent
encounter.




















1.12.11


Maine Criminal Justice Academy
Lesson Plan Outline



































Outline of instructional Unit Objectives & Notes
U Un ni if fo or rm m C Co om mm me er rc ci ia al l C Co od de es s



X XI I. . S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n T Ta ac ct ti ic cs s a at t T Tr ra af ff fi ic c S St to op ps s. .

1 1. . D Di is st tr ra ac ct t t th he e o of ff fi ic ce er r w wi it th h p pa ap pe er rw wo or rk k
2 2. . C Cl la ai im m t th he e o of ff fi ic ce er r h ha as s n no o a au ut th ho or ri it ty y o or r i is s o ou ut t o of f j ju ur ri is sd di ic ct ti io on n
3 3. . W Wi il ll l c cl la ai im m t th ha at t t th he e v ve eh hi ic cl le e b be el lo on ng gs s t to o a a c ch hu ur rc ch h ( (R RE ED D F FL LA AG G) )
4 4. . I Id de en nt ti if fy y s se el lf f a as s a an n o of ff fi ic ci ia al l o of f t th he e s st ta at te e
5 5. . B Be ei in ng g u un nc co oo op pe er ra at ti iv ve e
6 6. . C Co on nc ce ea al li in ng g l lo oa ad de ed d w we ea ap po on ns s
7 7. . A As ss se er rt ti in ng g t th ha at t t th he e l la aw w d do oe es s n no ot t r re eq qu ui ir re e t th he em m t to o h ha av ve e
n ne ec ce es ss sa ar ry y d do oc cu um me en nt ta at ti io on n o of f l li ic ce en ns se e, , t ti it tl le e a an nd d
r re eg gi is st tr ra at ti io on n
8 8. . F Fi il lm m ( (v vi id de eo o o or r a au ud di io o r re ec co or rd d) ) i in nt te er ra ac ct ti io on n ( (m ma ay y l la at te er r b be e p po os st te ed d
t to o t th he e I In nt te er rn ne et t) ); ; t th hi is s m ma ay y b be e c co ov ve er rt tl ly y o or r o ov ve er rt tl ly y d do on ne e d du ur ri in ng g t th he e
s st to op p. .
9 9. . D De em ma an nd d o of ff fi ic ci ia al l p pr ro od du uc ce e a an n o oa at th h o of f o of ff fi ic ce e
1 10 0. . R Ra ap pi id dl ly y e ex xi it t v ve eh hi ic cl le e a an nd d a ap pp pr ro oa ac ch h o of ff fi ic ce er r i in n a an n a ag gi it ta at te ed d
s st ta at te e. .

X XI II I. . L La aw w E En nf fo or rc ce em me en nt t R Re eq qu ue es st t a at t e ev ve er ry y T Tr ra af ff fi ic c S St to op p

A As s a a m ma at tt te er r o of f p pr ra ac ct ti ic ce e, , e ev ve er ry y l la aw w e en nf fo or rc ce em me en nt t o of ff fi ic ce er r, , a at t e ev ve er ry y
t tr ra af ff fi ic c s st to op p, , r re eq qu ue es st t t th hr re ee e i it te em ms s o of f e ea ac ch h o op pe er ra at to or r: :

1 1. . O Op pe er ra at to or r’ ’s s l li ic ce en ns se e ( (i is ss su ue ed d b by y a a s st ta at te e g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt ta al l e en nt ti it ty y) ). .
2 2. . T Th he e v ve eh hi ic cl le e r re eg gi is st tr ra at ti io on n ( (i is ss su ue ed d b by y a a s st ta at te e g go ov ve er rn nm me en nt t) )
3 3. . A A c cu ur rr re en nt t a an nd d a ac ct ti iv ve e i in ns su ur ra an nc ce e c ca ar rd d f fo or r t th ha at t v ve eh hi ic cl le e
4 4. . Y Yo ou u, , t th he e o of ff fi ic ce er r c co on nt tr ro ol l t th he e s st to op p

X XI II II I. . L La aw w E En nf fo or rc ce em me en nt t F Fo oc cu us s

1 1. . O Of ff fi ic ce er r s sa af fe et ty y. . M Ma ai in nt ta ai in n f fo oc cu us s o on n s si it tu ua at ti io on na al l s sa af fe et ty y
2 2. . M Ma ai in nt ta ai in n p pr ro of fe es ss si io on na al l b be ea ar ri in ng g
3 3. . A Ap pp pl ly y e en nf fo or rc ce em me en nt t a as s a ap pp pr ro op pr ri ia at te e
4 4. . F Fu ul ll l n na am me e, , a ad dd dr re es ss s a an nd d d da at te es s o of f b bi ir rt th h o of f a al ll l v ve eh hi ic cl le e o oc cc cu up pa an nt ts s
5 5. . R Re ec co or rd d s so ov ve er re ei ig gn n, , n na at ti io on na al l a af ff fi il li ia at ti io on n, , i if f p pr ro ov vi id de ed d
6 6. . W Wh he er re e c co om mi in ng g f fr ro om m a an nd d w wh he er re e g go oi in ng g
7 7. . A An ny y d de et ta ai il ls s r re eg ga ar rd di in ng g v vi is si ib bl le e c co on nt te en nt ts s o of f v ve eh hi ic cl le e. .
8 8. . P Pa ay y c cl lo os se e a at tt te en nt ti io on n t to o d de et ta ai il l. . T Th hi in ng gs s a ar re e n no ot t a al lw wa ay ys s a as s t th he ey y








1.12.12














1.12.13













1.12.14




Maine Criminal Justice Academy
Lesson Plan Outline



































Outline of instructional Unit Objectives & Notes
s se ee em m. .
9 9. . B Be e t th ho or ro ou ug gh h. . T Th he e s sm ma al ll le es st t b bi it t o of f i in nf fo or rm ma at ti io on n c ca an n m ma ak ke e a a
d di if ff fe er re en nc ce e. .
1 10 0. . K Kn no ow w a an nd d f fo ol ll lo ow w y yo ou ur r d de ep pa ar rt tm me en nt t p po ol li ic ci ie es s a an nd d p pr ro oc ce ed du ur re es s
1 11 1. . C Co on nd du uc ct t s se ea ar rc ch he es s & & s se ei iz zu ur re es s f fa al ll li in ng g w wi it th hi in n y yo ou ur r l le eg ga al l
a au ut th ho or ri it ty y. .
1 12 2. . A Ad dv vi is se e y yo ou ur r s su up pe er rv vi is so or r o of f t th he e c co on nt ta ac ct t – – r re eq qu ue es st t t to o s sc ce en ne e i if f
a at t a al ll l p po os ss si ib bl le e
1 13 3. . A Av vo oi id d l le eg ga al l a ar rg gu um me en nt ts s
1 14 4. . P Pr re ep pa ar re e d de et ta ai il le ed d n no ot te es s. .
1 15 5. . S Se ec cu ur re e y yo ou ur r d da as sh h- -c ca am m r re ec co or rd di in ng gs s
1 16 6. . S Sh ha ar re e i in nf fo or rm ma at ti io on n. . I In nf fo or rm ma at ti io on n n no ot t s sh ha ar re ed d i is s i in nt te el ll li ig ge en nc ce e
d di im mi in ni is sh he ed d. . ( (S Se ee e a al ls so o s se ec ct ti io on n X XV VI II I R Re ep po or rt ti in ng g) ). .


X XI IV V. . P Pa ap pe er r T Te er rr ro or ri is sm m

T Th he e f fo ol ll lo ow wi in ng g a ar re e e ex xa am mp pl le es s o of f t ta ac ct ti ic cs s u us se ed d b by y g gr ro ou up ps s t to o c cl lo og g
t th he e c co ou ur rt ts s a an nd d h ha ar ra as ss s t th he ei ir r i in nt te en nd de ed d v vi ic ct ti im ms s: :

1 1. . L Li ie en ns s

W Wh hi il le e f fi il li in ng g a a f fa al ls se e d do oc cu um me en nt t i is s i il ll le eg ga al l, , o on nc ce e i it t’ ’s s
d di is sc co ov ve er re ed d i it t c ca an n’ ’t t s si im mp pl ly y b be e t to or rn n u up p a an nd d d di is sc ca ar rd de ed d. . E Ev ve er ry y l li ie en n, ,
v va al li id d o or r n no ot t, , b be ec co om me es s p pa ar rt t o of f a a p pr ro op pe er rt ty y’ ’s s p pe er rm ma an ne en nt t r re ec co or rd d. . I If f
t th he e f fi il le er r r re ef fu us se es s t to o w wi it th hd dr ra aw w i it t v vo ol lu un nt ta ar ry y, , o on nl ly y a a s su ub bs se eq qu ue en nt t
l le eg ga al l d do oc cu um me en nt t c ca an n v va al li id da at te e i it t. . T Th hi is s i is s a at t a a g gr re ea at t f fi in na an nc ci ia al l
e ex xp pe en ns se e. . T Th he e f fi il li in ng g i it ts se el lf f u us su ua al ll ly y a ac cc co om mp pl li is sh he es s t th he e s sc ch he em me er r’ ’s s
g go oa al l o of f m ma ak ki in ng g a a p pu ub bl li ic c o of ff fi ic ci ia al l’ ’s s l li if fe e m mi is se er ra ab bl le e t to o s se et tt ti in ng g u up p a an n
a at tt te em mp pt t t to o e ex xt to or rt t m mo on ne ey y i in n e ex xc ch ha an ng ge e f fo or r r re em mo ov vi in ng g t th he e l li ie en n. .
O On nc ce e a a l li ie en n i is s r re ec co or rd de ed d p pr ro op pe er rt ty y c ca an nn no ot t b be e s so ol ld d e ev ve en n t th ho ou ug gh h t th he e
l li ie en n i is s b bo og gu us s. .

2 2. . I IR RS S F Fo or rm m 8 83 30 00 0

T Th hi is s f fo or rm m i is s u us se ed d t to o r re ep po or rt t p pa ay ym me en nt ts s o ov ve er r $ $1 10 0, ,0 00 00 0. .0 00 0 i in n
a a t tr ra ad de e o or r b bu us si in ne es ss s t tr ra an ns sa ac ct ti io on n. . F Fr ra au ud du ul le en nt t s su ub bm mi is ss si io on n o of f t th he e
f fo or rm m b by y a a s so ov ve er re ei ig gn n c ci it ti iz ze en n c ca an n r re es su ul lt t i in n a an n a ar rt ti if fi ic ci ia al l i in nc cr re ea as se e i in n
t th he e t ta ax xa ab bl le e i in nc co om me e o of f t th he e t ta ar rg ge et t b be ei in ng g r re ep po or rt te ed d t to o t th he e I IR RS S















1.12.15







1.12.16
Forms of retaliation
directed at judges, jurors
and law enforcement
officials

















Maine Criminal Justice Academy
Lesson Plan Outline



































Outline of instructional Unit Objectives & Notes

3 3. . L La aw ws su ui it ts s

S So ov ve er re ei ig gn n c ci it ti iz ze en ns s m ma ay y f fi il le e l la aw ws su ui it ts s a ag ga ai in ns st t l la aw w
e en nf fo or rc ce em me en nt t o or r m me em mb be er rs s o of f t th he e c co ou ur rt t i in n t th he ei ir r i in nd di iv vi id du ua al l
c ca ap pa ac ci it ty y s se ee ek ki in ng g c ci iv vi il l r re em me ed di ie es s f fo or r a al ll le eg ge ed d v vi io ol la at ti io on ns s o of f t th he ei ir r
c co on ns st ti it tu ut ti io on na al l r ri ig gh ht ts s. .

4 4. . C Cu ur rr re en nc cy y T Tr ra an ns sa ac ct ti io on n R Re ep po or rt ts s ( (C CT TR R) )

U Us se ed d l le eg gi it ti im ma at te el ly y b by y f fi in na an nc ci ia al l i in ns st ti it tu ut ti io on ns s i in n a an n e ef ff fo or rt t t to o
c co om mb ba at t m mo on ne ey y l la au un nd de er ri in ng g, , s so ov ve er re ei ig gn ns s m ma ay y i im mp pr ro op pe er rl ly y u us se e
F Fi in nC CE EN N f fo or rm m 1 10 04 4 t to o r re ep po or rt t a a t ta ar rg ge et t t to o t tr ri ig gg ge er r a an n i in nv ve es st ti ig ga at ti io on n. .


X XV V. . I Im mp pe er rs so on na at ti in ng g L La aw w E En nf fo or rc ce em me en nt t O Of ff fi ic ce er rs s

Two Sovereign Citizen groups, the Civil Rights Task
Force and the Constitution Rangers have created fictitious law
enforcement agencies complete with fake identification cards,
badges, and even raid jackets.

The ability to custom order badges and uniforms
through mail-order catalogs and on-line make this process very
easy.

Other names found on badges/fake ID cards:

1. “Investigator – Civil Rights Task Force”
2. “Agent – Civil Rights Task Police”
3. “Special United States Marshals”
4. “Sovereign Citizen World Guard”
5. “Sovereign Cop Watch.”

Both the badges and identification cards appear very
authentic looking and may intimidate someone not familiar with
these groups.

Members of the Civil Rights Task Force have advocated
what they term “reverse intimidation,” interrogating the spouses
of law enforcement officers who have had dealings with the
group’s members.

















1.12.17
























Maine Criminal Justice Academy
Lesson Plan Outline



































Outline of instructional Unit Objectives & Notes


XVI. Protecting Yourself and Your Family

As law enforcement conducts surveillance of extremists groups,
so too do members of these anti-government groups conduct counter-
surveillance. The following may minimize your exposure to this
activity:
1. If you wear a uniform to/from work, cover with a jacket/shirt
2. Be aware of your surroundings at ALL times
3. Be mindful that you may be photographed/videotaped
entering/exiting the station, entering/exiting your cruiser, and
while on duty

4. Remind family members NEVER to accept a badge as
identification of law enforcement. If something doesn’t seem
right, its probably not!

5. Check frequently with County Clerk to determine if a false
lien may have been filed against your property especially if
you have had a bad encounter with a Sovereign

6. Act professionally and ethically at all times

7 Minimize self-exposure on social media sites

8. Check your free credit reports annually for accuracy.




XVII. Reporting

Any Maine law enforcement officer having contact with a
Sovereign Citizen is requested to pass that information onto
The following:

1. FBI Regional Office (Boston) 617-742-5533
2. Maine Information and Analysis Center 207-624-7280
3. Regional Organized Crime Information Center
Nashville, TN 1-800-238-7985



















1.12.18













1.12.19









Maine Criminal Justice Academy
Lesson Plan Outline

Outline of instructional Unit Time Objectives & Notes


XVIII. Conclusion

Although the Sovereign Citizen movement does not
always rise to violence, its members’ illegal activities and past
violence – including fatal incidents against law enforcement
make it a group that should be approached with knowledge and
caution. It is important that law enforcement be aware of
sovereign citizens’ tactics, scams and other illegal activity and
understand its potential severity, and be prepared for and
against violent behavior or backlash through intimidation and
harassment.

With high unemployment, foreclosures of homes, the
high cost if fuel and the growing consensus that the government
is doing nothing to help, membership in the sovereign citizen
movement is growing. The preparedness of law enforcement
should be not IF I encounter a sovereign citizen but WHEN I
encounter a sovereign citizen will I be prepared?
























Criterion Test Questions

1. Define a Sovereign Citizen
A person whose beliefs and actions are anti-government

2. List 3 of the 5 other names Sovereigns are also known as
Freeman
Common Law Citizens
Constitutionalists
Posse Comitatus
Preamble Citizens

3. List the two reasons why there was a resurgence of the anti-government movement in 2008

Rise of poor economy
The Internet

4. A Sovereign believes that the county is the highest form of government

T F

5. Describe the Organizational structure of the Sovereign Citizen Movement

They are individuals and groups diffused throughout the country.
They number between 100,000 and 300,000
There is no one leader of the movement.

6. List 6 basic illegal activities that Sovereign Citizens are involved in

1. Squatting in abandoned houses 4. Resist arrest
2. Displaying fake registrations 5. Print their own money
3. Displaying bogus licenses 6. Filing fraudulent tax returns

7. List 2 of the 3 markings which may indicate a Sovereign’s vehicle

“Do Not Stop – Do Not Detain” bumper sticker
Upside down American flag on center of windshield
“168 to 1” Reference to Oklahoma City bombing. 168 victims, 1 suspect

8. What term would a Sovereign use instead of road or street?

Public right of way

9. What type of firearms do Sovereign’s prefer?

Those that can be converted to full automatic



10. If you suspect you about to stop a Sovereign’s vehicle, what do you do?

Request a backup unit prior to initiating the stop

11. If you request a Social Security number from a Sovereign Citizen what will the likely claim be?

That is an invasion of their privacy

12. At a traffic stop it is not uncommon for a Sovereign to claim what about the vehicle?

That it belongs to a (fraudulent) church

13. What are the 3 items requested by an officer of an operator of a vehicle?

Vehicle registration
Operators license
Current/valid insurance card for the vehicle

14. If you stop a vehicle operated by a Sovereign what should you obtain from passengers?

Full names
Current addresses
Dates of birth

15. What is the significance of information not shared?

It is intelligence diminished

16. List 3 of the 4 forms of Paper Terrorism that Sovereigns use to harass their victims

Liens IRS Form 8300
Lawsuits Currency Transaction Reports

17. How many groups of Sovereigns have formed fictitious law enforcement agencies?

Two, the Civil Rights Task Force and the Constitution Rangers

18. An office you will want to check with especially if you had a bad encounter with a Sovereign

County Clerk – to determine if liens have been filed against personal property

19. List 2 of the 3 agencies you report your Sovereign Citizen contact to

Maine Information and Analysis Center
FBI Regional Office
Regional Organized Crime Information Center






Bibliography



Bureau of J ustice Assistance. Warning Signs of Terrorist Events. Bureau of J ustice

Assistance, 2010. Print.


Byrnes, R. Sovereign Citizens. 2011. Print.


Criminal Aspects of the Sovereign Citizen Movement in the United States. Rep. 2012.

Print.


FBI. Sovereign Citizens: An Introduction for Law Enforcement. Rep. 2010. Print.


Federal Bureau of Investigation. Fraudulent Documentation Used by Anti-Government

Extremists. Federal Bureau of Investigation, 2009. Print.


NESPIN. Sovereign Citizen Movement. Tech. NESPIN, 2011. Print.


Regional Organized Crime Information Center. Moorish Nation – Sovereign Citizen

Movement. Publication. ROCIC, 2009. Print.


Southern Poverty Law Center. Return of the Sovereigns. Rep. No. 133. 2009, Print.


Special Research Report - Sovereign Citizen Movement. Rep. Regional Organized Crime

Information Center, 2010. Print.

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