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Detailed Solutions

of

Mechanical Engg.

GATE-2014
Morning Session
16th Feb, 2014

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Expert
Opinion

ear Students,
The Questions of GATE 2014 : ME are based on fundamental and basic concepts of the syllabus. There is no ambigu-

ity and misprint noticed till now, however, it is an observation


based on students feedback.
The level and standard of GATE 2014 questions are relatively easier
B. Singh (Ex. IES)
CMD, MADE EASY Group

1.

than the exam of GATE 2013. There are 3 important observations


made by me about GATE 2014 exam.

The GATE exam 2014 has been conducted in 4 seatings. The questions were different in
each session and difficulty level of questions were also different from session to session.
The paper of 16th Feb. evening session were relatively tougher than rest three sessions,
however it varies on the perception of person to person also.

The average marks on all the papers should be equated and necessary scaling criteria
should be adopted for this purpose.

2.

The GATE 2014 cut off is expected to be slightly higher than previous year. The cut-off
may vary between 27-30 marks (General Category).

Total Marks obtained by all the candidates


GATE Cutoff =


Total number of candidates

3.

GATE cutoff <| 25 Marks

In my opinion the toppers marks of GATE-2014 would be between 85 to 90 marks.

Note

If you have more questions (except from this paper) of GATE 2014 : ME, then kindly mail it to:
madeeeasydelhi@gmail.com
Note: Please do mention name, mobile no, date & session of exam, while sending the mail.
You may also submit directly (in handwritten format) at MADE EASY Kalu Sarai Office.

Disclaimer

Dear Students, MADE EASY has taken due care in collecting the data and questions. Since questions are submitted by students and are memory based, therefore the chances of error can not be
ruled out. Therefore MADE EASY takes no responsibility for the errors which might have incurred.

If any error or discrepancy is recorded then students are requested to inform us at: madeeasydelhi@gmail.com

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nd Batch : Commencing from Mid June


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Better Teaching Environment

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GATE-2014 Exam

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Q.1

Ans.

Q.2

Ans.

Q.3

Ans.

Q.4

Ans.

Q.5

Page
1

The process utilizing mainly thermal energy for removing material is


(a) USM
(b) ECM
(c) AJM
(d) LBM
(d)
Method
USM
ECM
AJM
LBM

Mechanics of Removal
Brittle fracture
Electrolysis
Mechanical action
Melting, vaporization i.e., thermal

Hot tearing in metal casting is due to


(a) high fluidity
(b) high melting point temperature
(c) wide range of solidification temperature
(d) low coefficient of thermal expansion
(c)
Due to residual stress, for wide range of solidification temperature hot tears
develop in the casting.

A minimal spanning tree in network model involves


(a) all the nodes with cycle/loop allowed
(b) all the nodes with cycle/loop not allowed
(c) shortest path between start and end nodes
(d) All the nodes with directed
(b)

In which of the following options will the expression P < M is true


(a) M < R < P < S
(b) M > S < P < S
(c) Q < M < F < P
(d) P = A < R < M
(d)

The value of one US dollar is ` 65 compared to last 60 year. The Indian


rupee has
(a) depressed
(b) depreciated
(c) appreciated
(d) stabilized

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Mechanical Engineering

Ans.

Q.6

Ans.

Q.7

Ans.

(b)
Indian rupee has depreciated.

Advice is
(a) verb
(c) adjective

(b)
Advice is noun mean suggestion.
Advice is verb mean to give advice.

Next term of the sequence 7G, 11K, 13M, is


(a) 15Q
(b) 17Q
(c) 15P
(d) 17P
(b)
A

7
G

11
K

13
M

17
Q

Q.8

(b) noun
(d) both verb and noun

A man can row at 8 km/hr in still water. If it takes him thrice as long to
row upstream as compared to row downstream velocity of flow in km/hr is

Solution:
Let the velocity of man in still water and velocity of flow is V1 and V2
respectively.
Given,
V1 = 8 km/hr
Time taken by the man when it rows along the flow direction
x
x
t = V +V = 8+V
1
2
2

...(i)

and time taken when rows against the flow direction


x
3t = 8 V
2

...(ii)

Dividing eq. (ii) by (i), we get

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3=

Q.9

(8 V2 )

Page
3

(8 + V2 )

8 + V2 = 24 3V2
V2 = 4 km/hr

Consider objective function Z(x1, x2) = 3x1 + 9x2, with the constrains
x1 + x2 8
x1 + 2x2 4
x1 0, x2 0
Then maximum value of objective function is ______

Solution:
x2
x2 8
8
6
x 1 + x2 8

4
2

x1 0

x1 + 2x2 4
2

x1

(Z)4, 0 = 3 4 + 9 0 = 12
(Z)0, 2 = 3 0 + 9 2 = 18
(Z)max = 18

Q.10

The damping ratio of single DOF spring mass damping system, with mass
of 1 kg, stiffness = 100 N/m and viscous damping coefficient of 25 Ns/m is

Solution:
Damping ratio,

=
=

C
C
=
Cc 2 km
25

2 1 100
= 1.25

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25
20

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Q.11

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4

An amount of 100 kW of heat is transferred through a wall in steady state.


One side of wall is maintained at 127C and other at 27C. The entropy
generation (in W/K) is

Solution:

Q
400K

(S2 S1) =

0=

300K

2 dQ

+ ( S )gen

100 100

+ ( S )gen
400 300

(S)gen = 0.083 kW/K


= 83.33 W/K

Alternate:
Q
Q
S1 = T = 400
1
Q
Q
S2 = T = 300
2

S = S1 + S2
=

100 103 100 103

400
300

Q.12

1000
= 83.33 W/K
12

Annular disc has mass m, inner radius R, outer radius = 2R. Disc rolls on
a flat surface without slipping. If the velocity of centre of mass is V. Then
kinetic energy is

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5

Solution:
Vmax

2R

V
R

m (2R ) R 2 3

= mR 2
2
2
= 2R
= 0
2

I=
Vmax
Vmin

V=
Rotational

Q.13

K.E. =

Vmax + Vmin
= R
2
1 2
I
2

1 3
V2
3
mR 2 2 = mV 2
2 2
4
R

Linear K.E.

1
mV 2
2

Total K.E.

3
1
mV 2 + mV 2
4
2

5
mV 2
4

A group consisting of equal no. of men and women. Of the group 20% of
men and 50% of women are unemployed. If a person is selected at random
from this group. The probability of selected person being employed is

Solution:
Group
0.5

0.5
Women
0.5

Employed

Men
0.5

0.8

Unemployed

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Employed

0.2
Unemployed

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Probability of selected person being employed


= 0.5 0.5 + 0.5 0.8
= 0.25 + 0.40
= 0.65

Q.14

Next term of the series 81, 54, 36, 24 is

Solution:
81, 54, 36, 24
1 34, 2 33, 4 32, 8 31, 16 30
Ans. 16

Q.15

Actual scales of product in different month of a particular year are given


below
Sep. Oct.
Nov. Dec. Jan.
Feb
180 280
250
190
240
?
The forecast at the sales, using the 4 month moving average method for
the month of Feb is

Solution:
250 + 250 + 190 + 240
4
= 240

fFeb =

Q.16

A Diesel engine has a compression ratio 17 and cutoff take place at 10%
of the stroke. Assuming ratio of specific heat = 1.4. The air standard
efficiency in percent is

Solution:

P
2

PV

1.4

=C

1
V

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(V3 V2) =

Page
7

10
( V1 V2 )
100

V3 V2
V1 V2 = 0.1
V3
1
V2
= 0.1
V1
1
V2

1
= 0.1
r 1

1
= 0.1
17 1

= 2.6
( = cut off ratio and r = compression ratio)
Thermal efficiency,
th = 1

= 1

1 r 1

r 1 ( 1)
1
170.4

2.61.4 1

1.4 (2.6 1)

= 59.6%

Q.17

Ans.

Consider a simply supported beam of length 50h with a rectangular crosssection of depth h and width 2h, the load carried at mid point. Find the
ratio of the maximum shear stress to the maximum bending stress in the
beam.
(a) 0.02
(b) 0.10
(c) 0.05
(d) 0.01
(d)
max =
Mmax =
I=

3P
3P
=
2 A 4h2
PL P 50h
=
= 12.5Ph
4
4
bh 2
bh 2 bh2 2h h2 h3
=
=
, z =
12
6
6
6
6

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max =

Mmax 12.5Ph
75P
=
6 = 2
3
z
h
h

max
0.75
= 0.01
=
max
75

Q.18

Ans.

Which one of the following pair of equation describes an irreversible heat


engine
(a)

Q > 0

and

Q
<0
T

(b)

Q < 0

and

(c)

Q > 0

and

Q
>0
T

(d)

Q < 0

and

Q
<0
T

Q
>0
T

(a)
Classius inequality for irreversible heat engine

dQ
< 0.
T

Heat content of irreversible heat engine dQ > 0.

Q.19

Definite integration

31

1 x dx

is evaluated using trapezoidal rule with size of

1. The correct answer is


Solution:
1
1

I = h f (a ) + f ( x1 ) + f ( b)
2
2

f(x) =

1
, f(a) = f(1) = 1
x

f(x)1 = f (2 ) =

1
1
, f(b) = f (3) =
2
3

1 1 1 7
I = 1 + + = = 1.167
2 2 6 6

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Q.20

Ans.

Q.21

Ans.

Page
9

If a function is continuous at a point


(a) the limit of function may not exist at that point
(b) the function must be derivative at that point
(c) limit of function at the point tends to infinity
(d) the limit must exist at the point and this value of limit should be same
as the value of function at a point
(d)

A cylindrical riser of dia. d, height h is situated at the top of casting and


casting is of close type sand mold. Assume riser has constant volume, for
the least rate of solidification h : d will be
(a) 1 : 2
(b) 2 : 1
(c) 1 : 4
(d) 4 : 1
(a)
For least solidification time, surface area should be minimum.
A = dh +

V=

2
d h
4

h=

4V
d 2

d 2
4

(for top riser)

4V 2
+ d
d
4
For A to be minimum,

A=

A
= 0
d

Q.22

4V d
+
= 0
2
d2
8V 8 2
=
d h

or

d3 =

h
1
=
= 1 : 2
d
2

A machine produce 0, 1 and 2 defective piece in a day with associated


probability

1 2
1
, and
respectively. The mean value and variance of number
6 3
6

of defective piece produced by machining in a day respectively are

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Ans.

(a) 1 and

1
3

(b)

1
and 1
3

(c) 1 and

4
3

(d)

1
4
and
3
3

(a)
x

f (x )

1
6

2
3

1
6

= x i f ( x i ) = 0

Mean,

E(x)2 = x2i f ( x i ) = 0

1
2
1
+1 + 2 = 1
6
3
6
1 2 2
1
2 2 4
+ 1 + 22
+ =
=
6
3
6
3 3 3

s 2 = var(x) = E(x2) 2
=

4
1
1 =
3
3

Q.23

P
l

For what value of x deflection of A will be zero


(a) 0.25 l
(b) 0.50 l
(c) 0.33 l
(d) l
Ans.

(c)
A

P(l x)
P

P (l x ) l 2 Pl 3

= 0
2 EI
3EI

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Page
10

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lx l
= 0
2
3

3l 3x 2l
= 0
6

Q.24

x=

Page
11

l
3

A double pipe counter flow heat exchanger transfers heat between two water
streams. Tube side water at 19 ltr/s is heated from 10C to 38. Shell side
water of 25 lts/s is entering at 46C. Assume constant properties of water,
density is 1000 kg/m3 and specific heat is 4186 J/kgK. The LMTD (in C)
is

Solution:
46C

Temp.

38C

10C
Length

= 1000 kg/m3
m c = 19 lit./s
mh = 25 lit./s

From energy balance,


m cC w (38 10 ) = m hC w (46 x )

or

19
28 = 46 x
25

x = 24.72C
Th1 = 46C, Th2 = 24.72C, Tc1 = 10C, Tc2 = 38C

T1 = Th1 Tc1 = 46 38 = 8C
T2 = Th2 Tc1 = 24.72 10 = 14.72C
Tlm =

T1 T2
T2 T1
=
T
T
log e 1 log e 2
T2
T1

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( T2 > T1)

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Tlm

Q.25

14.72 8
= 11.0206C
14.72
log e
8

Consider the given project network, where numbers along various activities
represent the normal time, the free float on activity 4-6 and project duration,
respectively are
2

3
1

3
3

(a) 2, 13
(c) 2, 13
Ans.

(b) 0, 13
(d) 2, 12

(a)
3

0
1

3
2

5
5

3
3

2
2

5
3

5
8

7
13 13

4
2

Project duration = 13
For 4-6 activity, free float = 8 4 2 = 2

Q.26

The divergence of the vector field x2 y i + xy j + z2 k , P (1, 1, 1) is


(a) 2
(c) 5

Ans.

Page
12

(b) 4
(d) 1

(c)
2 2
2
div x y i + xyj + z k

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( )

Page
13

( )

2
x y +
xy ) +
z
(
x
y
z

=- 2xy + x + 2z
At P(1, 1, 1)
div. at (1, 1, 1) is
= 2 1 1 + 1 + 2 1
= 5

Q.27

An analytic function of a complex variable z = x + iy is expressed as


f(z) = u(x, y) + iv(x, y) where l = 1 , if u = x2 y2 the expression for v
should be
(a) xy + C
(c) xy C

Ans.

(b) 2xy + C
(d) x2y2 + C

(b)
v
u
=
y
z
v
= 2x
y

Q.28

v = 2xy + C

Match the following

C
B

1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.

Elastic limit
Limit of proportionality
Upper yield point
Ultimate stress
Lower yield point
Failure point

(a) A-2, B-1, C-3, D-5, E-4, F-6


(c) A-3, B-2, C-1, D-4, E-5, F-6
Ans.

(b) A-1, B-3, C-2, D-4, E-5, F-6


(d) A-2, B-3, C-4, D-5, E-1, F-6

(a)

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In a hollow cylindrical tube of length L, conductivity k, ri is the inner radius


and ro is outer radius. Ti is greater than To. The thermal resistance is
ri
1
(a) 2kL ln r
o

(c)

Q.30

r
1
ln o
2kL ri

ri
(d) 2kL ln r
o

1
ln (ri ro )
2kL

(b)

Given, d1 = 60, d2 = 40. Find D = ?


H2

H1

d2
O2

d1

35.55 mm

Ans.

(b)

20.55 mm

Q.29

Page
14

H
O1

Solution:
d1 = 60, d2 = 40

H = H1 + d 1

O1 O 2 =

d1 + d2
= 50
2

H = H2 +

d2
d
+ O2P + 1 = H1 + d1
2
2

H = H2 + 50 + O2P = H1 + 60
O2P = (H1 H2) + 10
H 1 = 35.55

d1
60
= 35.5
= 5.55
2
2

H 2 = 20.55

d2
40
= 20.55
= 0.55
2
2

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D=
O1 P =
=

Page
15

d1
d
+ O1P + 2
2
2

(O1O2 )2 (O2P )2
502 (H1 H2 ) + 10

D = 50 + 502 10 + (H1 H2 )

= 50 + 502 10 + (5.55 0.55)

= 97.7

Q.31
Ans.

Q.32

Ans.

Q.33

Ans.

Q.34

A fair coin is tossed infinite times then find the probability of 4th head occurs
exactly at 10th times.
(0.205)

100 bulbs produced by a company it having of 5 defective bulbs with it. For
checking section verifies with by taking 4 bulbs at a time from 100 bulbs of
there is any bulb is defective then it will be rejected otherwise it allow to
marketing. The probability of getting non defective section of 100 bulbs is
(0.95)

India is a land of rich heritage and cultural diversity, which of the following
points corroborates this
(a) In Indian cricket team, players are selected from more than 10 states
(b) There are more than 25 languages and over 2000 dialects
(c) India has 29 of states and 7 union tertiaries
(d) India population has 1.1 million people
(b)

The real root of the equation 5x 2cos x 1 = 0 (upto two decimal accuracy)
is

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Solution:
f(x) = 5x 2 cosx 1
f(x) = 5 + 2 sinx
By Newton Raphsons equation
f ( xn )
xn+1 = xn f x
( n)

Assuming

x0 = 1

(x = 1 rad. = 57.32)

x1 = 1

Iterating again

x1 = 0.5632

5 1 2 cos (57.32 ) 1
5 + 2sin (57.32)

x2 = 0.5632
Iterating again

5 0.5632 2 cos (32.27 ) 1


5 + 2sin (32.27 )

= 0.5425
x3 = 0.5425

5 0.5425 2 cos (31.09) 1


5 + 2sin (31.09 )

= 0.5424
Required answer is 0.54

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