You are on page 1of 5


Anonim. 2000. Budidaya ayam petelur (Gallus sp.). Kantor Deputi Menegristek
Bidang Pendayagunaan dan Pemasyarakatan Ilmu Pengetahuan. Jakarta.

. 2005. Penuntun Praktikum Fisiologi Eksperimental. Bogor: FKH IPB.

. 2009
. Tips memelihara ayam petelur.
Ayam/topik01.html. Diakses tanggal 14 Oktober 2012.

. 2009
. Test Principle of Aspartate Aminotrasferase with or without
pyridoxal phosphate activation of Cobas. Roche Diagnostics. Indianapolis.

. 2009
. Test Principle of Alanine Aminotrasferase with or without
pyridoxal phosphate activation of Cobas. Roche Diagnostics. Indianapolis.

. 2009
. Test Principle of cholesterol gen.2. Roche Diagnostics.
Indianapolis. USA.

. 2011
. Test principle of glucose HK of Cobas. Roche Diagnostics.
Indianapolis. USA.

. 2011
. Test principle of uric acid ver.2 of Cobas. Roche Diagnostics.
Indianapolis. USA.

. 2012. Introduction to hematology.
ClientED/lab.asp. Diakses tanggal 14 Oktober 2012.

Basmacioglu, H., and M. Ergul. 2006. Research an the factors affecting
cholesterol content and some other characteristics of eggs in laying hens.
Turk. J. Vet. Anim. Sci., 29:157-164.

Bell, D.D. 2002. Anatomy of The Chicken. In: Bell, D.D and W. D. Weaver Jr.,
editor. Commercial Chicken Meat and Egg Production. Fifth edition. USA:
Springer Science+Business Media, Inc.

Berne, R. M., and M. N. Levy. 1992. Physiology. Mosby, St. Louis, MO.

Boling, S. D., M. W. Dauglas, M. L. Johnson, X. Wang, C.M. Parsons, K. W.
Koelkebeck, and R. A. Zimmermant. 2000. The effects of dietary available
phosphorus levels and phytaseon performance of young and older laying
hens. Poult. Sci. 79:224-230.


Challenger, W. O., T. D. Williams, J. K. Christians, and F. Vezina. 2001.
Follicular development and plasma yolk precursor dynamics through the
laying cycle in the European starling (Sturnus vulgaris). Physiol. Biochem.
Zool. 74, 356-365.

Cunningham, J. G. 2002. Textbook of Veterinary Physiology. USA: Saunders

Dale, N. 1998. Effect of eggshell #49 of shell quality in older laying hens. J. Appl.
Poult. Res. 7: 219-224.

Denli, M., J. C. Blandon, M. E. Guynot, S. Salado, and J. F. Perez. 2008.
Efficacy of a new Ochratoxin-binding Agent (OcraTox) to counteract the
deleterious effects of achratoxin A in laying hens. Poult. Sci. 87:2266-

Ernadi, M. and H. Kermanshahi. 2007. Effect of turmenic rhizome powder on the
activity of some blood enzyme in broiler chicken. Int. J. Poult. Sci. 6 (1):

Etches, R. J. 1993. Reproduction in Poultry. Departement of Animal and Poultry
Science. University of Guelph. Canada.

Farhat, A., and E. R. Chavez. 2001. Metabolic studies on lean and fat Pekin
ducks selected for breast muscle thickness measured by ultrasound
scanning. Poult. Sci. 80: 585-591.

Favlk, A., M. Pokludov, D. Zapletal, and P. Jelnek. 2007. Effects of housing
system on biochemical of blood plasma in laying hens. Acta Vet. Brno
2007, 76: 339-347

Frandson, R. D. 1996. Anatomi dan Fisiologi Ternak. Edisi Keempat. Gadjah
Mada University Press. Yogyakarta.

Gasperz, V. 1991. Metode Perancangan Percobaan. Armico. Bandung.

Griffin, H. D. 1992. Manipulation of egg yolk cholesterol a physiologists view.
Worlds Poult Sci J. 48:101-112.

Gunnarson, M. 2012. Avian Hematology. Institute for Clinical Chemistry
Swedish Agricultural University. Swedish.

Guyton dan Hall. 1997. Buku Ajar Fisiologi Kedokteran. Irawati Stiawan,
penerjemah. Jakarta: EGC. Terjemahan dari: Textbook of Medical


Hakim, R. 2008. Respon Ayam Ras Petelur terhadap Penambahan Tepung Kunyit
(Curcuma longa) dalam Pakan. Tesis Program Studi Sistim Pertanian.
Program Pascasarjana. Universitas Hasanuddin. Makassar.

Jain, N. C. 1993. Essential of Veterinary Hematology. Philadelphia: Lea and

Jumanto, A. D. Isabella, dan E. Nestin. 2009. Peranan dan Fungsi Nukleus di
dalam Aktivitas Sel. Budidaya Perairan Fakultas Perikanan dan Ilmu
Kelautan. Universitas Diponegoro. Semarang.

Koelkebeck, K. W, and T. W. Odom. 1995. Laying hen responses to acute heat
stress and carbon dioxide supplementation: II. Changes in plasma
enzymes, metabolites and electrolytes. Comp Biochem Physol A-Physol
112: 119-122.

Komandoko, G. 2002. Pemeliharaan Ayam-ayam Produksi. Absolut. Yogyakarta.

Lichovnkov M., L. Zeman, D. Klecker, and M. Fialov. 2002. The eect of the
long-term administration of dietary lipase on the performance of laying
hens. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 47, 141145.

Mchal, L. 2000. The levels of plasma cholesterol and total lipids in dierent egg-
type hens during the laying period. J. Anim. Feed Sci., 9, 687696.

Mary. 2009. Nilai hematokrit.
di akses tanggal 15 Oktober 2012.

Matur, E., E. Ergul, I. Akyazi, E. Eraslan, and Z. T. Cirakli. 2010. The effects of
Saccharomyces cerevisiae extract on the weight of some organs, liver, and
pancreatic digestive enzyme activity in breeder hen fed diets contaminated
with alfatoxins. Poult. Sci. 89:2213-2220.

Meyer, D. J, and J. W. Harvey. 2004. Veterinary Laboratory Medicine:
Interpretation and Diagnosis. Ed ke-3. St. Louis: Saunders.

Monica, D. 2010. Aspect of egg production and laying intensity for the geese
population, (White Rhine Dutch geese), from Bihor County. Faculty of
Enveiromental Protection. University of Oradeqa. St. Magheru.

Mori, G., and J. C. George. 1978. Seasonal changes in serum levels of certain
metabolites, uric acid, and Ca
in migratory Canada geese (Branta
canadensis interior). Comp. Biochem. Physiol., 59B, 263-9.

Nalbandov, A. V. 1990. Fisiologi Reproduksi pada Mamalia dan Unggas.
Universitas Indonesia Press. Jakarta.

Nasreldin, R. A., A. A. Yousef, M. F. Mahmoud, and I. A. Ibrahim. 1988.
Thyroid-hormones, glucose, total lipids and total protein in blood serum
before and during laying in hisex-brown chicken. J. Anim. Physiol. Anim.
Nutr. 59:167-170.

National Research Council. 1994. Nutrient Requirements of Poultry. 9
National Academy Press, Washington, DC.

Nesheim, M. C., R. C. Austic, and L. E. Card. 1979. Poultry Production. Twelfth
Ed. Lea and Febiger. Philadelphia.

Pavlik, A., and M. Lichovnikova. 2011. Hematological indicators of laying hens
kept in different housing systems. Proceedings. 46th Croatian and 6th
International Symposium on Agriculture. Opatija. Croatia (872-875).

Pramudyati, S., dan A. Prabowo. 2009. Petunjuk Praktik Beternak Ayam Ras
Petelur. GTZ Merang Redd Pilot Project (MRPP). Bekerjasama dengan
balai pengkajian teknologi pertanian (BPT) Sumatera Selatan.

Rahmadi, F. I. 2009. Manajemen Pemeliharaan Ayam Petelur Di Peternakan
Dony Farm Kabupaten Magelang. Laporan Program Diploma III
Agribisnis Peternakan. Fakultas Pertanian Universitas Sebelas Maret.

Robinson, F. E., R. A. Renema, H. H. Oosterhoff, and M. J. Zuidhof, J. L. Wilson.
2001. Carcass traits, ovarian morphology and egg laying characteristics in
early versus late maturing strains of commercial egg-type hens. Poult. Sci.

Robinson, F. E., and R. A. Renema. 2008. Female Reproduction: Control of
Ovarian Function. Alberta Poultry Research Centre, University of Alberta.

Samli, H. E., A. Agma, and N. Senkoylu. 2005. Effect of storage time and
temperature on egg quality in old laying hens. J. Appl. Poult. Res. 14:548-

Scanes, C. G, G. Brant, and M. E. Ensminger. 2004. Poultry Science. Fourth
edition. Pearson Prentice Hall. th. Upper Saddle River. New Jersey.

Stadelman, J. W., and O. J. Cotterill. 1995. Egg Science and Technology. Fourth
Edition. Food Products Press. An Imprint of The Haworth Press, Inc. New

Stevens, L. 1996. Avian Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Cambridge
University Press. United Kingdom.

Strakov, E., V. Veerek, P. Such, and P. Kesala. 2001. Red and white blood-
cell analysis in hens during the laying period. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 46,

Sturkie, P. D. 1976. Avian Physiology Third Edition. Springer Verlag. New York.

Subekti, H. 2010. Plasma Darah.
a-darah.html.Diakses tanggal 19 Oktober 2012.

Such, P., E. Strakov, and A. Hrub. 1999. Variations in cholesterol
concentration in the blood plasma of hens throughout the laying period.
Czech J Anim Sci. 44 : 109-111.

Such,P., E. Strakov, B. Jarka, J. Thiemel, and V. Veerak. 2004. Different
between metabolic profiles of egg-type and meat-type hybrid hens. Czech
J. Anim. Sci. 8: 323-328.

Swennen, Q., G. P. J. Janssens, S. Miller, G. Vansant, E. Decuypere, and J.
Buyse. 2005. Effects of substitution between fat and protein on feed intake
and its regulatory mechanisms in broiler chickens: endocrine functioning
and intermediary metabolism. Poult. Sci. 84: 1051-1057.

Tmov E., H. Hrtlov, Z. Ledvinka, and A. Fukov. 2004. The eect of
digitonin on all egg quality, the level of egg cholesterol, and biochemical
and haematological parameters in laying hens. Czech J. Anim. Sci., 49,

Uko O., and A. Ataja. 1996. Haematological studies of pure indigenous domestic
fowl (Gallus domesticus) and guinea fowl (Numida meleagris) in north-
west Nigeria. Revue d Elevage et de Medicine Veterinaire des Pays
Tropicaux, 3, 257262. USA: Pearson Education, Inc.

Vzina, F., K. G. Salvante, and T. D. Williams. 2003. The Metabolic Cost of
Avian Egg Formation: Possible Impact of Yolk Precursor Production?. J.
Exp. Biol. 206:4443-4451.

Wagner, C. E., J. S. Prevolsek, K. E. Wynne, and T. D. Williams. 2008.
Hematological changes associated with egg production : estrogen
dependence and repeatibility. J. Exp. Biol. 211, 400-408.

Williams, T. D., W. O. Challenger, J. K. Christians, M. Evanson, O. Love, and F.
Vezina. 2004. What causes the decrease in hematokrit during egg
production?. Func. Eco. 18, 330-336.