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Learning outcomes Grade 1 English Teaching Planning Tool and Resource Implications

The notion of working towards learning outcomes is not to stifle organic approaches to learning. We do not
wish to simply direct and restrict learning, we want to herd a series of questions and experiences towards
the students so they reach the learning outcomes. This requires a certain amount of double-think and
familiarity with the subject and topic, a sensitive touch not to give away so much of an answer but rather
evoke, nudge, insinuate
Developing Questions - Question Driven Curriculum

A key part of a session is having an appropriate question to start the children off on a meaningful search.
The kind of question set has a lot to do with how effective the session is. Some of the characteristics of a
'good question have begun to be identified and do add your ideas in the discussion forum on this page.
Several teachers have been trying it out at their own initiative and contributing ideas based on experiences
in their classrooms. All this has pointed towards some of these characteristics.
Interesting, stimulates curiosity
Authentic [not asking for the sake of asking]
Relevant [to the children]
Fairly wide scope so it can lead off into yet other questions
Challenging, stretches their imagination, skills, abilities
Can it be turned into a game?
Games are fun. Games are play and work combined. Games are active and problem-solving. If we can make
fun, if we can make it playful then the kids will do two things 1) Come to understand reality as a game or
a puzzle. 2) Understand the critical nature of risk and experimentation in a safe [learning] environment. 3)
understand the importance of rules as a meta-level construct which lends shape and meaning to the
organization of learning..
What if the outcomes were the visible parts of a rhizome?
How do you connect the learning outcomes together which ones seem to link or follow on from each
other, which ones seem out on a limb. Which unifying ideas, concepts, operations and practices link the
learning outcomes, horizontally, within the subject and across all the subjects, and vertically from Nursery,
through Kindergarten to Grade 6? How are the outcomes to be documented and assessed? Is it possible to
document via worksheets or e-portfolios? Can photos or video be used, are they appropriate?

In all

We are looking for teachers to employ their own tactics and strategies to match students not only to the
outcomes, but moreover, to a comprehensive appreciation of why they are studying a subject, how this
makes sense in respect to other things they are learning, and how they themselves can learn
independently and with others. we want the students to join the dots that makes sense to them, but the
teachers in their preparation should have already consider all the dots and have some idea of how to get to
the outcome no matter which route is taken. In cases where they are surprised then this can only be a
good thing.

Learning outcomes Grade 1 English Teaching Planning Tool and Resource Implications

1.0 Word Analysis, Fluency, and Systematic Vocabulary Development

Students understand the basic features of reading. They select letter patterns and know
how to translate them into spoken language by using phonics, syllabication, and word parts.
They apply this knowledge to achieve fluent oral and silent reading.
Concepts About Print How to teach and assess Resources
1.1 Match oral words to
printed words.
Present a list of sight reading words and
have students circle them when spoken.
Alternatively break the kids into two groups
that must do particular tasks according to
their choice of particular words.
List of grade
1 sight
words + any
drawn from
Notes: This is a core ability
which will be on-going,
increasing in sophistication
based on developing student
1.2 Identify the title and
author of a reading selection.

Present several examples of reading
selections which clearly show the title and
author ask them then to pick out either
the author or the title.
Web sites
print-outs -
Notes: This is a more minor
ability, and can form the
subject of a single discrete
1.3 Identify letters, words,
and sentences.

Students point to selections of letters, words
and sentences - author ask them then to
pick out letters, words and sentences.
which have
a mix of
words and
Notes: This is a core ability
which will be on-going,
increasing in sophistication
based on developing student
Phonemic Awareness
1.4 Distinguish initial, medial, and
final sounds in single-syllable words.
Ask students to pronounce simple
words such as at and mat stressing
the constituent sounds of either the
This could
be recorded
or videoed
first, middle, or last letter.
1.5 Distinguish long- and short-
vowel sounds in orally stated single-
syllable words (e.g., bit/bite).

1.6 Create and state a series of
rhyming words, including consonant
Students create a series of rhyming
words, including consonant

2. Students state a series of rhyming
words, including consonant blends.

1.7 Add, delete, or change target
sounds to change words (e.g.,
change cow to how; pan to an).
Students add target sounds to change

2. Students delete target sounds to
change words.

3. Students change target sounds to
change words.

1.8 Blend two to four phonemes
into recognizable words (e.g.,
/c/a/t/ = cat; /f/l/a/t/ = flat).
Students blend two phonemes into
recognizable words.

2. Students blend three phonemes
into recognizable words.

3. Students blend four phonemes into
recognizable words.

1.9 Segment single-syllable words
into their components (e.g., cat =
/c/a/t/; splat = /s/p/l/a/t/; rich =
Students segment single-syllable
words into their components

Decoding and Word Recognition
1.10 Generate the sounds from all
the letters and letter patterns,
including consonant blends and
long- and short-vowel patterns (i.e.,
phonograms), and blend those
sounds into recognizable words.
Students generate the sounds from all
the letters.

Students generate the sounds from
letter patterns including:
a. consonant blends
b. long-vowel patterns
c. short-vowel patterns
Students blend sounds into
recognizable words.

1.11 Read common, irregular sight
words (e.g., the, have, said, come,
give, of).
Students read common,
irregular sight words.

1.12 Use knowledge of vowel
digraphs and r-controlled letter-
sound associations to read words.

1.13 Read compound words and
Students read compound words.

2. Students read contractions

1.14 Read inflectional forms (e.g., -
s, -ed, -ing) and root words (e.g.,
look, looked, looking).
Students read inflectional forms.

2. Students read root words

1.15 Read common word families
(e.g., -ite, -ate).
Students read common word families.
1.16 Read aloud with fluency in a
manner that sounds like natural

Vocabulary and Concept Development
1.17 Classify grade-appropriate categories of words (e.g.,
concrete collections of animals, foods, toys).
categories of

2.0 Reading Comprehension
Students read and understand grade-level-appropriate material. They draw upon a variety
of comprehension strategies as needed (e.g., generating and responding to essential
questions, making predictions, comparing information from several sources) - appropriate
narrative and expository text (e.g., classic and contemporary literature, magazines,
newspapers, online information). In grade one, students begin to make progress toward
this goal.
Structural Features of Informational Materials
2.1 Identify text that uses sequence or other logical order. Students
identify text
that uses

2. Students
identify text
that uses
other logical

2.2 Respond to who, what, when, where, and how questions.
2.3 Follow one-step written instructions.
2.4 Use context to resolve ambiguities about word and
sentence meanings.

2.5 Confirm predictions about what will happen next in a text
by identifying key words (i.e., signpost words).

2.6 Relate prior knowledge to textual information.
2.7 Retell the central ideas of simple expository or narrative

3.0 Literary Response and Analysis
Students read and respond to a wide variety of significant works of childrens literature.
They distinguish between the structural features of the text and the literary terms or
elements (e.g., theme, plot, setting, characters).
Narrative Analysis of Grade-Level-Appropriate Text
3.1 Identify and describe the elements of plot, setting, and
character(s) in a story, as well as the storys beginning,
middle, and ending.

3.2 Describe the roles of authors and illustrators and their

3.3 Recollect, talk, and write about books read during the
school year.


1.0 Writing Strategies
Students write clear and coherent sentences and paragraphs that develop a central idea.
Their writing shows they consider the audience and purpose. Students progress through the
stages of the writing process (e.g., prewriting, drafting, revising, editing successive
Organization and Focus
1.1 Select a focus when writing
. 1.2Use descriptive words when writing.
1.3 Print legibly and space letters, words, and sentences

2.0 Writing Applications (Genres and Their Characteristics)
Students write compositions that describe and explain familiar objects, events, and
experiences. Student writing demonstrates a command of standard American English and
the drafting, research, and organizational strategies outlined in Writing Standard 1.0.
Using the writing strategies of grade one outlined in Writing
Standard 1.0, students:
2.1 Write brief narratives (e.g., fictional, autobiographical)
describing an experience.

2.2 Write brief expository descriptions of a real object,
person, place, or event, using sensory details.

The standards for written and oral English language conventions have been placed between
those for writing and for listening and speaking because these conventions are essential to
both sets of skills.
1.0 Written and Oral English Language Conventions
Students write and speak with a command of standard English conventions appropriate to
this grade level.
Sentence Structure
1.1 Write and speak in complete, coherent sentences.
1.2 Identify and correctly use singular and plural nouns.
1.3 Identify and correctly use contractions (e.g., isnt, arent,
cant, wont) and singular possessive pronouns (e.g., my/mine,
his/her, hers, your/s) in writing and speaking.

1.4 Distinguish between declarative, exclamatory, and
interrogative sentences.

1.5 Use a period, exclamation point, or question mark at the
end of sentences.

1.6 Use knowledge of the basic rules of punctuation and
capitalization when writing.

1.7 Capitalize the first word of a sentence, names of people,
and the pronoun I.

1.8 Spell three- and four-letter short-vowel words and grade-
level-appropriate sight words correctly.

1.0 Listening and Speaking Strategies
Students listen critically and respond appropriately to oral communication. They speak in a
manner that guides the listener to understand important ideas by using proper phrasing,
pitch, and modulation.
1.1 Listen attentively.
1.2 Ask questions for clarification and understanding.
1.3 Give, restate, and follow simple two-step directions.
Organization and Delivery of Oral Communication
1.4 Stay on the topic when speaking.
1.5 Use descriptive words when speaking about people,
places, things, and events.

2.0 Speaking Applications (Genres and Their Characteristics)
Students deliver brief recitations and oral presentations about familiar experiences or
interests that are organized around a coherent thesis statement. Student speaking
demonstrates a command of standard English and the organizational and delivery
strategies outlined in Listening and Speaking Standard 1.0.
Using the speaking strategies of grade one outlined in Listening and Speaking Standard
1.0, students:
2.1 Recite poems, rhymes, songs, and stories.
2.2 Retell stories using basic story grammar and relating the
sequence of story events by answering who, what, when,
where, why, and how questions.

2.3 Relate an important life event or personal experience in a
simple sequence.

2.4 Provide descriptions with careful attention to sensory