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1. What do you mean by residential building?

A building should be regarded as residential building when more than half

of the floor area is used for dwelling purposes. A residential building is commonly
referred as a building used for human habitation. Simply, residential building is
where we do all of our necessities namely eating, bathing, sleeping and living, as
a whole. We consider it as our comfort zone.

2. What do you mean by anthropometrics?

The word Anthro means man and pometry means measurements,
Anthropometrics is the study of the measurement of the human body and its
movement. In architecture, the knowledge of anthropometrics is related to the
design and engineering. It involves how design and engineering should fit the
human body rather than the people fitting the building.

3. What do you mean by ergonomics?

Ergonomics from the Greek word ergon meaning work
and nomoi meaning natural laws, Ergonomics is the science of refining the
design of products to optimize them for human use. In architecture, the
knowledge of ergonomics relates to the creation of buildings that are safe,
efficient and optimal for human use.

4. What are the space requirements in a residential building and design

SECTION 3.01.08: Maximum Requirements for Group A Dwellings: One Two

(a) Dwelling Location and Lot Occupancy. The dwelling shall occupy not more
than 90 per cent of a corner lot and 80 per cent of an inside lot, and subject
to the provisions on easements of light and view of the Civil Code of the
Philippines, shall be at least 2.00 meters (6 feet, inches) from the property

(b) Light and Ventilation. Every dwelling shall be so constructed and arranged as
to provide adequate light and ventilation.

(1) Habitable rooms, bathrooms, toilet rooms and utility rooms shall have a height
of not less than 2.40 meters (8 feet), measured from floor to ceiling.

(2) Rooms shall have a minimum size of 6.00 square meters (65 square feet)
with a least horizontal dimension of 2.00 meters (6 feet, 7 inches) for rooms
of human habitations; 3.00 square meters (32 feet) with a least horizontal
dimension of 1.50 meters (5 feet) for kitchens; and 1.20 square meters (13
square feet) with a least horizontal dimension of 90 centimeters (3 feet) for

(3) Windows shall be at least 1/10th of the floor area of the room.

(c) Sanitation. Every dwelling shall be provided with at least one sanitary toilet
and adequate washing and drainage facilities.

(d) Foundation. Footing shall be of sufficient size and strength to support the load
and dwelling and shall be at least 30 centimeters (1 foot) thick and 60
centimeters (2 feet) below the surface of the ground. Each post shall be
anchored to such footings by straps and bolts of adequate size.

(e) Post or Suportales. The dimensions of wooden post or suportales shall be
those found in Table 3.01 - A Dimension of Wooden Posts or Suportales
(Annex B).

(f) Floor. The live load of the first floor shall be at least 200 kilograms per square
meter (40 pounds per square foot) and for the second floor, at least 150
kilograms per square meter (30 pounds per square foot).

(g) Roof. The wind load for roofs shall be at least 150 kilograms per square meter
(30 pounds per square foot).

(h) Stairs. Stairs may be 75 centimeters (30 inches) wide, with a rise of 20
centimeters (8 inches) and a run of 23 centimeters (9 inches).

(i) Entrance and Exit. There shall be one entrance and one exit.

(j) Electrical Outlets. There shall be at least one convenience outlet per 6.00
meters (20 feet) of wall measured along the floor and one light outlet for
every room.

(k) Mechanical Requirements. Family dwellings not more than two stories shall
be exempt from the requirements of the Mechanical Code.

Design Consideration

SECTION 7.01.01: Scope

(a) The design and construction of all buildings and structures shall be in
compliance with the provisions of the National Structural Code for Buildings,
latest edition, adopted and promulgated by the Board of examiners of civil
engineers pursuant to Republic Act Numbered 544, as amended, otherwise
known as the "Civil Engineering Law".

5. Furniture sizes and layout in a living room and bedroom

Standard Furniture Dimensions (Inches)




Bedside 26 15 19
Buffet 34-38 24 60
Card 30 36 36
Coffee 19 18 36-48
Conference 30 36 96
Dining 29 40 64
End 20 17 28
Hall 27 15 55
Kitchen 29 36 60
Picnic 28 36 72
Poker 29 48 48
Printer 26 22 26
Sofa 26 14 72
Typewriter 25 18 30
Workstation 26 30 48





Twin (Regular) 6 39 75
Twin (Long) 6 39 80
Double/Full 8 54 75
Queen 8 60 80
King 10 80 80
King (Calif.) 10 72 84





Lowboy (7" leg) 36 36 18
Tall Chest (6" leg) 54 36 18

Bookcase (Paperbacks) 38 36 7
Bookcase (Hardbound) 50 36 10
Blanket 24 36 19
Cedar 20 40 19
Buffet 34 50 20






Barstool 17 17 30 42
Dining, Side 19 19 18 36
Dining, Arm 24 18 18 36
Easy 25 26 17 31
Kitchen 19 19 19 34
Kitchen Stool 12 12 27
Rocker 20 26 16 42
Upholstered 30 26 16 40

Furniture Width Length Height
Desk 25" 82" 39"
Dresser 25" 35" 30"
Bed frame 14" 82" -
Bookcase (bdrm) 12" 84" 30"
Book Case (living rm) 13" 41" 30"
Closet 22" 55" -
Microwave space 12" 20" -
Bedroom Layout

Living room Layout