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Let's Practice...

A resource for Teachers, Students, and Parents.


By: Brent Tuller

Ray AB,

AB

ABC
ABD
CBD

HMK or

KMH

AB CD

LP=PM Bisect
5=PM
so LM=10

RT=TS Bisect
10=x

MO=ON Midpoint
9=ON
9+9=18

SQ=QT Midpoint
4=x

GH=HI Midpoint
x+4=2x-6
-x
-x
4=x-6
+6 +6
10=x

True XZ=ZY so Z is the midpoint

AE=CE Bisect
5=x

Acute, Scalene

a2+b2=c2
82+72=x2
64+49=x2
113=x2
113=x2
10.6in=x
a2+b2=c2
x2+92=112
x2+81=121
-81 -81
x2=40
x2=40
x=6.3in

a2+b2=c2

82+112=142
64+121=196
185=196

False 185196

a2+b2=c2
82+152=172
64+225=289
289=289
True 289=289

a2+b2=c2

a2+b2=c2

a2+b2=c2

Scale Factor=2
x=2*5
x=10

3-4-5
Scale factor=2

3-4-5
Scale factor=9
x=9*5
x=45

P=8+6+2+18+6+24
P=64cm

P=7+5+7+12
P=31cm

a2+b2=c2
22+42=c2
4+16=c2
20=c2
20=c2
4.47=c

P=4.47+5+8+9+2
P=28.47cm

Area=(base)(height)

height

A=bh

A=bh Area=(base)(height)

height

base

base

bh
2
height

A=

base

(b+t)h
2

Area=

(base+top)(height)
2

top
height

A=

base

(d1)(d2) Area= (diagonal 1)(diagonal 2)


2
2

di
ag

a
on

l2

d iu
ra

ag

A=s2 A=side2

di

al

on

A=r2 A=()(radius2)

side

A=

Rectangle
A=bh
A=(15cm)(3cm)
A=45cm2

a2+b2=c2
42+h2=72
16+h2=49
-16
-16
2
h =33
h2=33
h=5.7
Triangle
A=bh/2
A=(10cm)(5.7cm)/2
A=57cm2/2
A=28.5cm2

h=5.7

bh
2
8h
2*46=
*2
2
92=8h
8 8
11.5=h
A=

A=bh
72=9h
9 9
8in=h

B=bh
B=6*5
B=30

V=r2h
V=(62)10
V=36*10
V=360
V1130.97in3

V=Bh
V=30*8
V=240in3

4ft
V=1/3r2h
V=1/3(32)4
V=1/39*4
V=1/3(36)
V=13
V40.84in3

B=bh
3-4-5 right
B=4*5
triangle scale
B=20
factor 1. 1*4=4
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(20*9)
V=1/3(180)=60cm2

B=1/2bh
B=1/2(3*4)
B=1/2(12)
B=6
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(6*5)
V=1/3(15)=5ft3

5m

a2+b2=c2
52+42=c2
25+16=c2
41=c2
6.4=c

4.6m

5m

15cm

15cm
2

6in

3in

10cm

8cm

9.54in

6cm

8cm

8cm

5cm

a +b =c
9.54in
h2+32=1002
2
h +9=100
-9
-9
6in
6in
2
h =91
6in
h=9.54
2

4m

8cm

10cm

8cm

15cm

8cm

4cm

4cm

4cm

4cm

3m

4.6m

10cm+5cm=15cm
6cm
6cm

4cm

5m

4m
3m

10cm-6cm=4cm

15cm

4m
3m

4cm
9.54in
6in

6in

51+38=89
m ABD=89

x+33=90
.
x+33=90
-33-33
x=57

x+2x=180
3x=180
3
3
x=60

x
43

x+43=180
-43 -43
x=137
m DEF=137

x=138

Vertical Angle Theorem

x=75

Vertical Angle Theorem

x+45=2x+19
-x
-x
45=x+19
-19 -19
26=x

Vertical Angle Theorem

m SOT=m NOE

Vertical Angle Theorem

138=m NOE

m HAE=m DAS

Vertical Angle Theorem

x+24=2x-8
-x
-x
24=x-8
+8 +8
32=x
m DAS=2x-8
m DAS=2(32)-8
m DAS=64-8
m DAS=56

alternate exterior angles

vertical angles

Alternate interior, m 1=m 2

Alternate interior
46=x

Alternate exterior
2x+19=x+23
-x
-x
x+19=23
-19-19
x=4

68
x

Corresponding
m ACB=m EFC
68=m EFC

x+24

2x=164
2
2
x=82
x-8

m ACH=x+24
m ACH=82+24
m ACH=106

Linear Pair
m ACH+m DCH=180
(x+24)+(x-8)=180
x+24+x-8=180
2x+16=180
-16 -16

x+x+x=180
Triangle Sum Theorem
3x=180
3
3
x=60

x+x+30=180
Triangle Sum Theorem
2x+30=180
-30 -30
2x=150
2
2
x=75

2x-12=60
equilateral triangle
2x-12=60
+12 +12
2x=72
2 2
x=36
2x-27=x+53
iscosceles triangle
2x-27=x+53
-x
-x
x-27=53
+27+27
x=80

Triangle Sum Theorem


24+88+x=180
112+x=180
-112 -112
x=68

18
94

Triangle Sum Theorem


18+94+x=180
112+x=180
-112 -112 x=68 m A=68

Triangle Sum Theorem


x+2x+(x-16)=180
x+2x+x-16=180
4x-16=180
+16 +16
4x=196
4
4
x=49

41+87+y=180

y=_________

_______+x=180

x=128

m 1+m 2=m 3
114+38=x

152=x

m 1+m 2=m 3
29+x=87
-29 -29
x=______

m 1+m 2=m 3
(x+3)+(x+4)=125
x+3+x+4=125
2x+7=125
-7 -7
2x=118
2
2
x=59

93

48

x
6x

x+71

m 1+m 2=m 3
(x+71)+x=6x

m
m
m
m

Z=x+71
Z=(_____)+71
Z=______+71
Z=______

What could I use to find x?


B1: 53+m 1+x=180 triangle sum
theorem

What could I use to find x?


B1: x=m 7 corresponding
What could I use to find m 7?
B2: m 5=m 7 corresponding

What could I use to find x?


B1: m 2+71+x=180 triangle sum
theorem
What could I use to find m 2?
B2: m 1=m 2 vertical angles
What could I use to find m 1?
B3: m 1+48+53=180 triangle sum
theorem

How can I find x?


B1: m 3=x alternate
interior angles
How can I find m 3?
B2: m 3+36+58=180
triangle sum therorem

B2: m 3+36+58=180
m 3+94=180
-94 -94
m 3=86
B1: m 3=x=180
86=x

s1+s2=s3
18+15>27
33>27 True!
So... yes they do!
s1+s2=s3
87+91>456
178>456 False!
No triangle here!

s1+s2=s3
4+7>11
11>11 false!
no triangle

s1+s2=s3
2+5>9
7>9 False!
no triangle

max.=7+12=19 and the min. is 12-7=5 so 5<s3<19

max.=4+3=7
min.=4-3=1
1in<s3<7in

ASS

BC EF given
C F given
AC DF given
So ABC
by SAS.

DEF

Vertical Angles
Shared Line

CA BD given
CAD ADB given
AD AD shared line
So CAD
by SAS.

BDA

So PQR
P T given
by ASA.
PR RT given
PRQ SRT vertical

TSR

False.... the triangles may not


be congruent.

False.... the triangles are


congruent, but the parts don't
correspond. They aren't the
same part.

TV=WY CPCTC
13=x

True the triangles are


congruent by SSS. So,
M
P because CPCTC.

C=m F CPCTC
x+5=2x-7
-x
-x
5=x-7
+7
+7
12=x

2
=
5

6
=
x

2(x)=5(6)
2x=30
2 2
x=15

x
5
= 15 =
7
7(x)=5(15)
7x=75
7 7
x=10.71

M M same angle
MON MQP corresponding
MNO MPQ corresponding

MNO~MPQ by AAA
or...
MNO~MPQ by AA

3 2 32
9
= 2=
4
16
4

16 = 16
= 4
25 25
5
3

4
43
64
= 3=
5
5
125
3

3
8
8
2
=3
=
27 27
3

8=2x
2 2
4=x

x+10=2(x-6)
x+10=2x-12
-x
-x
10=x-12
+12 +12
22=x

Corresponding Angles
Corresponding Angles
x=71

10=x

x+35=2x-21
-x
-x
35=x-21
+21 +21
56=x

x+9=2x+4
-x
-x
9=x+4
-4 -4
5=x

If Amy goes to the store then she buys milk.


If two angles add to 180 then they are supplementary.
If x=2 then 2x=4.

p hypothesis
p hypothesis

p hypothesis

q conclusion
q conclusion
q conclusion

If the ipod is on then it can play a song.

He has a tail.

90<m ABC<180

You can drive it to the store.

She lost her patients.

a 45 angle

A scalene triangle

A student

Anne Hathaway
(or any bruenette or redhead)

30 and 40

If an animal has a beak then it is a


goose. -False, a robin has a beak.

If a triangle has 3 equal sides


then it is equilateral. -true

If an animal is not a goose then it


does not have a beak. -False, again, a
robin has a beak.

If a triangle is not equilateral


then it does not have 3 equal sides.
-true.

If an animal does not have a beak


then it is not a goose. -True!

If a triangle does not


have 3 equal sides then it is not
equilateral -true

If a figure is a rhombus then it is

a square.

If a figure is not a square then it is


not a rhombus.
If a figure is not a rhombus then it is
not a square.

If two angles add to 90then they are


complementary. - True
If two angles aren't complementary
then they don't add to 90. - True
If two angles don't add to 90 then
they aren't complementary. -true

If two lines in a plane never intersect then they are parallel.


-True, the statement is bi-conditional.
If an angle is acute then it measures 28.
-False, 38 is acute the statement is not bi-conditional.

Iff two lines are parallel then they never intersect.

If a triangle has two


congruent sides then it is isoceles.
Iff a triangle is Isoceles then it has two
congruent sides.

Statements
F1: AB DE
F2: AC DF
F3. BC EF
B1. ABC DEF

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Given
4. SSS

O
A

cos 63= A
H

O
O

tan 56= O
A

17
x
17
cos 63=
x *x
cos 63=

9
x
9
x* tan 56=
x *x
tan 56=

A
O
H

O
sin 39=
H

x
sin 39= 27

x
27* sin 39= 27 *27

x(cos 63)=17
cos 63 cos 63
17
x=
c0s 63
17
x=
0.4540
x37.44
x(tan 56)= 9
tan 56 tan 56
9
x=
tan 56
9
x=
1.4826
x6.07

27(sin 39)=x
27(0.6293)=x
16.99x

tanx= O
A

tanx=

8
9

tanx=0.8889

2
x=6
3
2
3
3
* 3 x=6*
2
2

x=9

tan-1* tanx=0.8889 *tan-1


x=tan-10.8889

2nd

tan

sinx=

O
H

sinx=

x41.63

9
13

-1
sin-1* sinx=0.6923 *sin

x=sin-10.6923

x43.81

Tanx=

8
6

x=6
y=62
c=a2

b=a

b=a

x=32
c=a2
a

b=a

c=a2

y=322
y=34
y=3*2
y=6

x=4
y=4

b=a3

c=2a

b=a3

c=2a

c=2a
4=2a
2 2
2=a
y=2

c=2a

b=a3

c=2a
c=2*23
c=43 so..
y=43
b=a3
b=23*3
b=29 so..
b=2*3
b=6 so...
x=6

c=2a

b=a3

a
x=2a

x=253
3
x= 103
3

b=a3
5=a3
3 3
5 =a
3
5 *3
3 *3

53
9

53
=a
3
y=

53
3

Rectangle

Rhombus

True
False

n=6 and (n-2)180 so (6-2)180=4*180=720

n=6 and (n-2)180 so (6-2)180=4*180=720=120


6
6
n
6
(n-2)180=2,340
(n-2)180=2,340
180
180
n-2=13
+2
+2
n=15 sides

n=5

94+78+156+91+x=540
419+x=540
-419 -419
x=121

n=6

(n-2)180
(5-2)180
3*180
540

(n-2)180
(6-2)180
4*180
720

x+7+2x-31+x+24+2x+x-13+2x+11=720
9x-2=720
+2
+2
9x=722
9
9
x=80.22

n=5

(n-2)180
n
(5-2)180
5
108

2x+8=108
-8
-8
2x=100
2
2
x=50

n=6
(n-2)180
(6-2)180
4*180
720
x+81+4x-10+x+35+5x-60+3x+23+x+21=720

15x+90=720
-90 -90
15x=630
15 15
x=42

n=8 360
n

360=45
8

360
=18
n

n*

360
=18 *n 360=18n 360=18n 20=n so...
n
18
18 20 sides

2x-15

21+27+58+42+53+34+45+x=360
280+x=360
-280 -280
x=80

2x-15=45
+15 +15
2x=60
2
2
x=30

n=8
360
n
360
8
45

x=2cm because all radii in a


circle are equal.

GI=4

JK=5

C=D
C=721.99

C=2r
C=29
C=1856.55

mDEF+mDE=360
mDEF+127=360
-127-127
mDEF= 233

m B=mAC
x=35

2(m B)=mAC
2(75)=mAC
150=mAC
m D=mAC
x=150

2(m B)=mAC
2x=44
2 2
x=22

m D=mAB
86=mAB
x=1/2mAB
x=1/2(86)
x=43

mIJK+mKLI=360
190+mKLI=360
-190
-190
mKLI=170
m J=1/2mKLI
x=1/2(170)
x=85

m R=1/2mQS
m R=1/2(48)
m R=24

m Q+m R+m S=180


x+24+65=180
x+89=180
-89 -89
x=91

3x=6*2
3x=12
3 3
x=4

AB=AC
8=x

2(x+4)=1(x+10)
2x+8=x+5
-x -x
x+8=10
-8 -8
x=2

EF=EG
x+3=2x-5
-x
-x
3=x-5
+5 +5
8=x

10=x

17+x=90
-17
-17
x=73

3-4-5 right triangle


x=10

134/2=mFG
67=mFG

3-4-5 right
triangle
scale factor =2
4*2=8
x=8

90+48+x=180
138+x=180
-138 -138
x=42

m DCE+m ACD=90
35+m ACD=90
-35
-35
m ACD=55

A (5,-6) B(-3,6)
x1 y 1
x2 y 2
x1+x2
y1+y2
2
2
5+(-3) -6+6
2
2
2
12
2
2
(1,6)=MP

A (5,-6) B(x2,y2) C(4,3)


x1 y 1
xmy m
x1+x2
2 =xm
5+x2
2 =4

y1+y2
=ym
2

-6+y2
=3
2

-6+y2
5+x2
*2
2*
=4
=3 *2
2
2
-6+y2=6
5+x2=8
+6
+6
-5
-5
y
=12
x2=3
2
(3,12)=B

2*

A (5,7) B(-6,-5)
x1 y 1
x2 y 2
D=(x2-x1)2+(y2-y1)2
D=(-6-5)2+(7-(-5))2

D=(-11)2+(12)2
D=121+144
D=265
D16.78

A'
B'

C'

F'

E'
D'

I'

H'
G'

L'
K'
J'

N'
M'
O'

P"

P'
R'

Q"
Q'

R"

Let's Practice...
Answers...

Ray AB,

Segment EF,

AB

Line CD,

Point G,

EF

CD

Ray NI,

Plane HAT

Ray ON,

ON

Line ME,

Plane COW

ME

Line WE,

Point U,

Point I,

WE

Line KJ,

Segment HI,

Ray BO,

KJ

NI

HI

BO

Plane OLE

Segment XY,
Segment LM,

LM

XY

ABC or

JIK or

TRQ or

ACB or

CBA

KIJ

QRT

BCA

LKJ or

JKL

UYT or

TYU

EFG or

GFE or

PNO or

XVW or

IGH,

ONP

WVX

HGI or

QPR or

RPQ

BGC or

CGB

NPO or
HMK or

OPN

KMH

RTU or

UTR
VZX or

EHI or
ABD or

IHE

DBA

KOM or

DCB or

XZV

MOK

BCD

TSU or

UST

VYX or

XYV

OPJ or

JPO

VZY or

YZV

AB CD

JK LM

NR OR PR QR

AC DB,
DE EB

RSE USL
RSU ESL
RS SL

RT WU
RTS UWV
TRS WUV

EH FG

SW UW,
VW TW

GL FK,
GIH FJH

QN OP,
NO PQ

AC DB
DE EB
AE EC

FG HG
LM JI
FGL HGJ
GT ET
AT RT
AG RE

WR OK
WO OR
WKO RKO

C
A
R

GO DL,
GD OL

NO QP
Q O

O
B
N

ST TQ
OU NP
NP SQ

AB BC CD DE EA

GM FH
GM LK
FH LK

RT VT
ST UT
VRU RUV
UST RST

AE=CE Bisect
5=x

FG=GH Midpoint
12=x

IK=KL Bisect
7=x

OS=SQ Bisect
13=x

VW=WX Midpoint
11=WX
11+11=22

ST=TU Midpoint
19=TU
19+19=38

PQ=QS Bisect
x=9

XY=YZ Midpoint
18=YZ
18+18=36

DH=HF Bisect
x+4=2x-8
-x
-x
4=x-8
+8 +8
12=x

AB=BC Midpoint
x-5=2x-12
-x
-x
-4=x-12
+12 +12
8=x

JM=ML Bisect
2x+15=3x+4
-2x
-2x
15=x+4
-4
-4
11=x

NO=OP Midpoint
x+4=2x-6
-x
-x
4=x-6
+6
+6
10=x

GH=HI Midpoint
4x+11=2x+19
-2x
-2x
2x+11=19
-11-11
2x=8
2 2
x=4

QR=RS Midpoint
x+7=2x-10
-x
-x
7=x-10
+10 +10
17=x

GH=HI Midpoint
3x-2=x+8
-x
-x
2x-2=8
+2+2
2x=10
2 2
x=5

JM=ML Bisect
x+5=2x-7
-x
-x
5=x-7
+7
+7
12=x

Acute, Scalene

Acute, Scalene

Equilateral

Obtuse, Scalene

Acute, Isosceles

Right, Scalene

Right, Scalene
Acute, Isosceles

Acute, Scalene

Obtuse, Isosceles

Right, Isosceles

Obtuse, Scalene

Acute, Scalene

Equilateral

a2+b2=c2
72+32=x2
49+9=x2
58=x2
58=x2
7.6ft=x

a2+b2=c2
102+102=x2
100+100=x2
200=x2
200=x2
14.1cm=x

a +b =c
x +902=982
x2+8100=9604
-8100 -8100
x2=1504
x2=1504
x=38.8yd
2

a2+b2=c2
x2+62=152
x2+36=225
-36 -36
x2=189
x2=189
x=13.7mm

a2+b2=c2
x2+262=382
x2+676=1444
-676 -676
x2=768
x2=768
x=27.7in

a2+b2=c2
232+x2=452
529+x2=2025
-529
-529
2
x =1496
x2=1496
x=38.7m

a2+b2=c2
192+442=x2
361+1936=x2
2297=x2
2297=x2
47.9m=x

a2+b2=c2
x2+62=8.52
x2+36=72.25
-36 -36
x2=36.25
x2=36.25
x=6in
a2+b2=c2
132+922=x2
169+8464=x2
8633=x2
8633=x2
92.9mi=x

a2+b2=c2
542+1132=x2
2916+12769=x2
25583=x2
25685=x2
125.2in=x
a2+b2=c2
32+42=x2
9+16=x2
25=x2
25=x2
5ft=x

a2+b2=c2
x2+312=672
x2+961=4489
-961 -961
x2=3528
x2=3528
x=59.4mm

16in

a2+b2=c2
162+122=x2
256+144=x2
400=x2
400=x2
20in=x

45m

17in

a2+b2=c2
x2+152=452
x2+225=2025
-225 -225
x2=1800
x2=1800
x=42.4mm

15m

79cm

23in

12in

19ft

6ft

55cm

a2+b2=c2
232+172=x2
529+289=x2
818=x2
818=x2
28.6in=x

a2+b2=c2
792+552=x2
6241+3025=x2
9266=x2
9266=x2
96.3cm=x

a2+b2=c2
x2+62=192
x2+36=361
-36 -36
x2=325
x2=325
x=18ft

a2+b2=c2
x2+212=372
x2+441=1369
-441
37mm -441
2
x =928
x2=928
x=30.5mm

21mm

a2+b2=c2
202+212=292
400+441=841
841=841

a2+b2=c2
122+162=352
144+256=1,225
400=1,225
False 4001225

True 841=841

a2+b2=c2
82+92=132
64+81=169
145=169
False 145169

a2+b2=c2
152+342=482
225+1,156=2,304
1,381=2,304
False 1,3812,304

a2+b2=c2
282+452=532
784+2,025=2,809
2,809=2,809

a2+b2=c2
1192+1202=1692
14,161+14,400=28,561
28,561=28,561

True 2,809=2,809

True 28,561=28,561

a2+b2=c2
622+732=942
3,844+5,329=8,836
9,173=8,836
False 9,1738,836

a2+b2=c2
202+992=1012
400+9,801=1,0201
10,201=10,201
True 10,201=10,201

a2+b2=c2
112+632=882
121+3,969=7,744
4,090=7,744
False 4,0907,744

a2+b2=c2
312+452=862
961+2,025=7,396
2,986=7,396
False 2,9867,396

a2+b2=c2
462+652=802
2,116+4,225=6,400
6,341=6,400
False 6,3416,400

a2+b2=c2
92+402=412
81+1,600=1,681
1,681=1,681
True

1,681,=1,681

a2+b2=c2
122+302=432
144+900=1,849
1,044=1,849
False 1,0441,849

a2+b2=c2
842+1872=2052
7,056+34,969=42,025
42,025=42,025
True 42,025=42,025

a2+b2=c2
282+322=602
784+1,024=3,600
1,808=3,600
False 1,808,3,600

a2+b2=c2
162+522=822
256+2,704=6,724
2,960=6,724
False 2,9606,724

Scale Factor=2
x=2*5
x=10

3-4-5
Scale factor=2
5-12-13
Scale factor=2

Scale Factor=3
x=3*4
x=12

3-4-5
Scale factor=4

3-4-5
Scale factor=9

8-15-17

7-24-25

Scale factor=3

Scale factor=2

3-4-5

5-12-13

Scale factor=11

Scale factor=11

3-4-5

3-4-5

Scale factor=7

Scale factor=3

8-15-17

3-4-5

Scale factor=2

Scale factor=5

5-12-13
Scale factor=2

3-4-5
Scale factor=6

5-12-13

3-4-5

Scale factor=3

Scale factor=8

3-4-5
Scale factor=9
x=9*5
x=45
3-4-5
Scale factor=8
x=8*4
x=32

3-4-5
Scale factor=4
x=4*4
x=16

5-12-13
Scale factor=1
x=1*13
x=13

3-4-5

3-4-5

Scale factor=2
x=2*5
x=10

Scale factor=6
x=6*3
x=18

8-15-17

5-12-13

Scale factor=1
x=1*8
x=8

Scale factor=2
x=2*5
x=10

3-4-5
8-15-17
Scale factor=2
x=2*8
x=16

Scale factor=7
x=7*4
x=28

3-4-5

7-24-25

Scale factor=6
x=6*4
x=24

Scale factor=1
x=1*25
x=25

3-4-5
Scale factor=8
x=8*3
x=24

3-4-5
Scale factor=5
x=5*3
x=15

3-4-5
Scale factor=1
x=1*4
x=4

7-24-25
Scale factor=3
x=3*7
x=21

3-4-5
7-24-25
Scale factor=1
x=1*7
x=7

5-12-13
Scale factor=4
x=4*13
x=52

3-4-5
Scale factor=11
x=11*4
x=44

Scale factor=12
x=12*5
x=60

3-4-5
Scale factor=4
x=4*5
x=20

3-4-5
Scale factor=6
x=6*5
x=30

8-15-17
8-15-17
Scale factor=2
x=2*17
x=34

Scale factor=3
x=3*8
x=24

a2+b2=c2
92+h2=102
81+h2=100
-81
-81
2
h =19
h2=19
h=4.4

3-4-5
Scale factor=2
h=2*4
h=8

a2+b2=c2
92+h2=142
81+h2=196
-81
-81
2
h =115
h2=115
h=10.7

5-12-13
Scale factor=1
h=1*5
h=5

3-4-5
Scale factor=4
h=4*3
h=12

a2+b2=c2
172+h2=272
289+h2=729
-289
-289
2
h =440
h2=440
h=21

5-12-13
Scale factor=2
s=2*13
s=26

3-4-5
Scale factor=5
h=5*4
h=20

3-4-5
Scale factor=7
s=7*5
s=35

8-15-17
Scale factor=1
h=1*15
h=15

7-24-25
Scale factor=1
s=1*25
s=25

a2+b2=c2
92+82=s2
81+64=s2
145=s2
145=s2
s=12.

11+21+11+21=64

38+17+39+52=146

36+19+27=82

426+449+236=1108

13+19+13+19=64

14+2+5+19+5+4+14+25=88

7+17+11+9=44

7*10=70

6.4
12

3-4-5 scale factor=4


20

19
37-18=19

19+37+7+18+12+19=112

12
10

10

3-4-5 scale factor=2

paralellogram

a2+b2=c2
42+52=x2
16+25=x2
41=x2
41=x2
6.4=x
6.4+9+7+13+4=39.4

19-7

10+12+10+12=44

16+20+12=48

(96+4)-45
38

55

8
8-15-17 scale factor=1
19+23+17+8+29=96

(37-6)+7
38+45+7+55+37+96+6+4=288

8-15-17 scale factor=2


34
5.7

7-24-25 scale factor=1

17

25

4
16

24-8

13-9

13+25+7+4+16+9+8=82

17
8-15-17 scale factor=1
10+17+10+17=54

24/2

32

(12)
13

13

32

32

5-12-13 scale factor=1


13+24+13=50

square

32*4=128

10-2
(parallelogram)

34+33.1+16+14=97.1

a2+b2=c2
a2+72=92
a2+49=81
-49 -49
a2=32
a2=32
a=5.7
5.7+9+4+11+10=39.7

16
15

3-4-5 scale factor=1

3-4-5 scale factor=3


15+28+15+28=86

5+3+7+6+4=25

8-15-17
scale factor=2

13
17.7

34

a2+b2=c2
a2+302=412
a2+900=1681
-900 -900
a2=781
a2=781
a=27.9
27.9+41+34+16=118.9

27.9

15

17.7

a2+b2=c2
132+122=c2
169+144=c2
313=c2
313=c2
17.7=c
17.7+17.7+26=61.4

7
25
7-24-25 scale factor=1
25+27+24+20=96

7.8

a2+b2=c2
52+62=c2
25+36=c2
61=c2
61=c2
7.8=c

12+25+7+19+7.8=70.8

14
11

11

12*4=48in

14
11+14+11+14=50ft

12

40

32

27*4=108mm

32+40+24=96m

24

27

3-4-5 scale factor=8

17
9

9
17
9+17+9+17=52ft

9
8.1

4+8.1+9=21.1in

a2+b2=c2
a2+42=92
a2+16=81
-16 -16
a2=65
a2=65
a=8.1

11

24*4=96mm

8.5

8.5
11

24

11+8.5+11+8.5=39in

19

25

24

19

7-24-25 scale factor=1

6+19+6+19=50in

7+24+25=56ft

10

9
8

8
10
8+10+8+10=36in

15
12
3-4-5 scale factor=3
9+15+12=36ft

Rectangle
A=bh
A=(15cm)(3cm)
A=45cm2

Triangle
A=bh/2
A=(9cm)(17cm)/2
A=153cm2/2
A=76.5cm2

Parallelogram
A=bh
A=(11cm)(7cm)
A=77cm2

Parallelogram
A=bh
A=(5in)(4in)
A=20in2

Trapezoid
A=(b+t)h/2
A=(6cm+15cm)(13cm)/2
A=(21cm)(13cm)/2
A=273cm2/2
A=136.5cm2

Trapezoid
A=(b+t)h/2
A=(16cm+10cm)(9cm)/2
A=(26cm)(9cm)/2
A=234cm2/2
A=117cm2

Rectangle
A=bh
A=(12cm)(4cm)
A=48cm2

Parallelogram
A=bh
A=(9in)(4in)
A=36in2

Triangle
A=bh/2
A=(13m)(24m)/2
A=312m2/2
A=156m2
Circle
A=r2
A=(8cm)2
A=64cm2
A=201cm2

Trapezoid
A=(b+t)h/2
A=(23ft+16ft)(10ft)/2
A=(39ft)(10ft)/2
A=390ft2/2
A=195ft2

Trapezoid
A=(b+t)h/2
A=(11cm+7cm)(13cm)/2
A=(18cm)(13cm)/2
A=234cm2/2
A=117cm2

Triangle
A=bh/2
A=(12m)(7m)/2
A=84m2/2
A=42m2

Rhombus
A=(d1)(d2)/2
A=(10yd)(6yd)/2
A=60yd2/2
A=30yd2

Trapezoid
A=(b+t)h/2
A=(31mm+27mm)(13mm)/2
A=(58mm)(13mm)/2
A=754mm2/2
A=377mm2

Circle
A=r2
A=(14cm)2
A=196cm2
A=615.75cm2

Square
A=s2
A=(16ft)2
A=256ft2

Trapezoid
A=(b+t)h/2
A=(17mi+13mi)(6mi)/2
A=(30mi)(6mi)/2
A=180mi2/2
A=90mi2

h=4
a2+b2=c2
42+h2=72
16+h2=49
-16
-16
2
h =33
h2=33
h=5.7

h=4
h=5.7

Triangle
A=bh/2
A=(10cm)(5.7cm)/2
A=57cm2/2
A=28.5cm2

3-4-5 rt. triangle

Parallelogram
A=bh
A=(15in)(4in)
A=60in2

h=7.1

h=4.5

a2+b2=c2
42+h2=62
16+h2=36
-16
-16
2
h =20
h2=20
h=4.5
Trapezoid
A=(b+t)h/2
A=(21cm+13cm)(4.5cm)/2
A=(34cm)(4.5cm)/2
A=153cm2/2
A=76.5cm2

h=13.4

a2+b2=c2
72+h2=102
49+h2=100
-49
-49
2
h =51
h2=51
h=7.1

Trapezoid
A=(b+t)h/2
A=(23in+15in)(7.1in)/2
A=(38in)(7.1in)/2
A=269.8in2/2
A=134.9in2

a2+b2=c2
122+h2=182
144+h2=324
-144
-144
2
h =180
h2=180
h=13.4

Triangle
A=bh/2
A=(24m)(13.4m)/2
A=321.6m2/2
A=160.8m2

h=5.7

3-4-5 rt
triangle
h=4

h=4cm

Rhombus
a2+b2=c2
A=(d1)(d2)/2
72+h2=92
A=(10cm)(6cm)/2
49+h2=81
2
A=60cm /2
-49
-49
2
2
A=30cm
h =32
h2=32
h=5.7

Parallelogram
A=bh
A=(18ft)(5.7ft)
A=102.6ft2

3-4-5 rt
triangle
h=24

r=17

Find the
radius r.
34=2r
2
2
17=r

3.9

Circle
A=r2
A=(17cm)2
A=289cm2
A=907.9cm2
a2+b2=c2
72+h2=82
49+h2=64
-49
-49
2
h =17
h2=15
h=3.9

4*6=24
h=24mi

Trapezoid
A=(b+t)h/2
A=(54mi+34mi)(24mi)/2
A=(88mi)(24mi)/2
A=2112mi2/2
A=1056mi2

h=8

Trapezoid
A=(b+t)h/2
A=(8.9mm+4mm)(7mm)/2
A=(12.9mm)(7mm)/2
A=90.3mm2/2
A=45.2mm2

3-4-5 rt
triangle
4*2=8
h=8yd
Rhombus
A=(d1)(d2)/2
A=(16yd)(12yd)/2
A=192yd2/2
A=96yd2

bh
2
8h
2*46=
*2
2
92=8h
8 8
11.5=h
A=

A=bh
72=9h
9 9
8in=h

A=bh
15=5h
5 5
3in=h

(d1)(d2)
2
(18)(d )
2*94= 2 2 *2
188=(18)(d2)
18
18
10.4ft=d2
A=

(b+t)h
2
(13+t)4
87=
2
A=

87= (13+t)2
2
2
43.5=13+t
-13 -13
30.5m=t

bh
2
6h
2*32=
*2
2
64=6h
6 6
10.7=h
A=

(b+t)h
2
(11+12)h
68=
2
(23)h
2*68=
*2
2
A=

bh
2
2h
2*8=
2 *2
16=2h
2 2
8in=h
A=

136=23h
23
23
5.9=h

A=r2
64=r2

20.4=r2
4.5ft=r

bh
2
4h
2*12=
*2
2
24=4h
4 4
6mi=h
A=

(d1)(d2)
2
(14)(d )
2*31= 2 2 *2
62=(14)(d2)
14 14
4.4ft=d2
A=

(b+t)h
2
(3+7)h
19=
2
(10)h
2*19=
*2
2
A=

38=10h
10
10
3.8in=h

(b+t)h
11.8=b+9
2
-9
-9
(b+9)11
2.8mm=b
2*65=
*2
2
130=(b+9)11
11
11
A=

bh
2
26b
2*98=
*2
2
196=26b
26 26
7.5in=b
A=

A=r2
121=r2

38.5=r2
6.2in=r

A=s2
169=s2
169=s2
13m=s

bh
7*6
42ft2

A=

bh
3*4
12ft2

8cm
A=42+12=54ft2

3 +

A=

3ft

7
A=

bh
7*3
21cm2

6 + 3

A=

bh
A=21+16=37cm2
2*8
16cm2

13m

bh
A= 17*10 +
170cm2
1/2bh
1/2(4*5.74)
1/2(22.96)
11.48in2

4in

A=170+11.48=181.48in2

10 +

5.74

17

13

14

A= 18

a +b =c
42+b2=72
16+b2=49
bh
A=
18*39 -16 -16
2
702m2
b =33
b=5.74
2

A=

14m

39

1/2bh
1/2(13*14)
1/2(182)
91m2

10 + 6

A=
10

6in
3cm

10
12

1/2bh
bh
A= 12*10 - 1/2(3*4)
120cm2 1/2(12)
6cm2

4in

4cm
A=

A=702-91=611m2

3
4
A=120-6=114cm2

bh
A= 10*10
100in2

1/2bh

+ 1/2(6*4)
1/2(24)
12in2

A=100+12=112in2

13 +

A=

13

A=
8

A=

bh
13*13
169in2

bh
8*7
56in2

10

bh
A= 10*10
100in2

32
-

19

A=

15
bh
19*7
133in2

A=133-60=73in2

60in2

818

bh
A=100-(12.57*4) A= 18*8
r
22
*4 A=100-50.28
144in2
2
2
A=59.72in
12.57in

1/2bh
1/2(4*6)
1/2(24) *2
12ft2

bh

- 4*15

A=

1/2bh
1/2(4*4)
1/2(16) *4
8in2

A=144-(8*4)
A=144-32
A=112in2

8-

A=

16 -

A=

bh
A= 32*16
512ft2

A=169+56=225in

10-

A=

13
A=512-(12*2)
A=512-24
A=488ft2

bh
A= 13*8
104cm2

1/2bh
1/2(3*4)
1/2(12) *4
6cm2

A=6-(6*4)
A=104-24
A=80cm2

7cm

23cm
5 - 1

A=

A=

bh
5*5
25cm2

4cm

bh
A= 23*15

A=25-4=21cm2

bh

6-

23

bh

- 1*4

15 -

A=

bh

- 7*6 - 5*2

2
2
345cm2 42cm 10cm

A=345-42-10
A=293cm2

4
5

12 - 5

A=

6in
-

21

bh
A= 21*12 252cm2

9in

1/2bh
bh
A=252-10-18
1/2(5*4)- 6*3
2
A=224cm2
10cm
18cm2

4in

4in
A=

21

bh
A= 21*16

336in2

16 - 6

1/2bh

bh

12in

80in2

10

A=336-12-80

- 1/2(6*4)- 8*10 A=244in2


2

8in

6cm
3-4-5 rt triangle 9in
12 -

A=

20

12-

A=

9
15

bh
1/2bh
1/2bh A=240-54-16
bh
bh
bh
A= 20*12 - 1/2(9*12) - 1/2(4*8)A=170in2
A= 15*9 - 4*5 - 6*3
2
2
240in2 54in2
16in2
135cm2 20cm 18cm

5-

A=135-20-18
A=97cm2

B=bh
B=4*6
B=24

V=Bh
V=24*7
V=168in3

V=r2h
V=(22)9
V=4*9
V=36
V113.10in3

B=1/2bh
B=1/2(5*8)
B=1/2(40)
B=20
V=Bh
V=20*6
V=120yd3

V=Bh
V=86*17
V=1,462in3

B=bh
B=10*9
B=90
V=Bh
V=90*15
V=1,350ft3

B=1/2bh
B=1/2(11*13)
B=1/2(143)
B=71.5
V=Bh
V=71.5*21
V=1,501.5m3

B=1/2bh
B=1/2(19*6)
B=1/2(114)
B=57
V=Bh
V=57*17
V=969yd3

V=r2h
V=(92)18
V=81*18
V=1458
V4580.44cm3

7.14m

4m
a2+b2=c2
72+b2=102
49+b2=100
-49
-49
b2=51
b=7.14

B=bh
B=7*4
B=28
V=Bh
V=28*2
V=56m3

8cm
6cm
3-4-5 right
triangle scale
factor 2. 3*2=6

B=1/2bh
B=1/2(6*8)
B=1/2(48)
B=24
V=Bh
V=24*7
V=168cm3

V=r2h
D=2r
18=2r
2 2
9=r

8.49cm
B=S2
B=82
B=64
V=Bh
V=64*23
V=1,472mm3

B=1/2bh
B=1/2(7.14*7)
B=1/2(49.98)
B=24.99
V=Bh
V=24.99*5
V=124.95ft3

V=(92)6
V=81*6
V=486
V1,526.81yd3

a2+b2=c2
72+b2=112
49+b2=121
-49
-49
b2=72
b=8.49
B=1/2bh
B=1/2(7*8.49)
B=1/2(59.43)
B=29.72
V=Bh
V=29.72*11
V=326.92in3

B=bh
B=8*16
B=128
V=Bh
V=128*9
V=1,152ft3
11cm
D=2r
22=2r
2 2
11=r

V=r2h
V=(112)20
V=121*20
V=2420
V7,602.65in3

9cm

B=1/2bh
B=1/2(9*12)
B=1/2(108)
B=54
V=Bh
V=54*13
V=702ft3

3-4-5 right
triangle scale
factor 3. 3*3=9

4.73m

sinx=

O
h

O
6* sin38= 6 *6
6(sin38)=O
6(.6257)=O
3.69=O

B=1/2bh
B=1/2(4*43)
B=1/2(27.71)
B=13.86
V=Bh
V=13.86*8
V=110.88cm3
30-60-90 triangle
. 4, 43

a2+b2=c2
3.692+b2=62
13.62+b2=36
-13.62
-13.62
2
b =22.38
b=4.73
3.69m

B=1/2bh
B=1/2(4.73*3.69)
B=1/2(17.45)
B=8.73
V=Bh
V=8.73*10
V=87.3m3

B=bh
B=16*31
B=496
V=Bh
V=496*84
V=41,664in3

B=1/2bh
B=1/2(8*6)
B=1/2(48)
B=24
V=Bh
V=24*9
V=216ft3

B=bh
B=12*7
B=84
V=Bh
V=84*11
V=924m3

V=r2h
V=(18 )21
V=324*21
V=6804
V21,375.4in3
2

B=bh
B=23*28
B=644
V=Bh
V=644*11
V=7,084cm3

B=S2
B=212
B=441
V=Bh
V=441*21
V=9,261yd3

V=Bh
V=45*13
V=585mm3

B=S2
B=92
B=81
V=Bh
V=81*10
V=810yd3

3-4-5 right
triangle scale
factor 2. 2*4=8

B=1/2bh
B=1/2(6*8)
B=1/2(48)
B=24
V=Bh
V=24*7
V=168ft3

B=bh
B=3*6
B=18
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(18*8)
V=1/3(144)=48cm2

V=1/3r2h
V=1/3(52)11
V=1/325*11
V=1/3(275)
V=91.67
V287.99in3

B=1/2bh
B=1/2(13*18)
B=1/2(234)
B=117
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(117*15)
V=1/3(1755)
V=585mm3

B=s2
B=32
B=9
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(9*4)
V=1/3(36)
V=12ft2

B=1/2bh
B=1/2(7*9)
B=1/2(63)
B=31.5
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(31.5*8)
V=1/3(252)
V=84ft3

B=s2
B=62
B=36
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(36*10)
V=1/3(360)
V=120ft2

V=1/3r2h
V=1/3(122)24
V=1/3144*24
V=1/3(3456)
V=1152
V3,619.11cm3

V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(35*4)
V=1/3(140)
V=46.67ft2

3ft

3-4-5 right
triangle scale
factor 1. 1*3=3

6cm

4.9cm

3-4-5 right
triangle scale
factor 2. 2*3=6

a2+b2=c2
52+h2=72
25+h2=49
-25
-25
h2=24
h=4.9

B=1/2bh
B=1/2(6*8)
B=1/2(48)
B=24
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(24*8)
V=1/3(192)
V=64cm3

B=s2
B=52
B=25
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(25*4.9)
V=1/3(122.5)
V=40.83cm2

5.67ft

B=1/2bh
B=1/2(3*4)
B=1/2(12)
B=6
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(6*6)
V=1/3(36)
V=12ft3

a2+b2=c2
72+h2=92
49+h2=81
-49
-49
h2=32
h=5.67

d=2r
18=2r
2 2
9=r

6m
d=2r
12=2r
2 2
6=r

B=bh
B=7*8
B=56
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(56*5.67)
V=1/3(317.52)
V=105.84ft3

V=1/3r2h
V=1/3(92)23
V=1/381*23
V=1/3(1,863)
V=621
V1,950.93in3

V=1/3r2h
V=1/3(62)12
V=1/336*12
V=1/3(432)
V=144
V452.39m3

10.25in

a2+b2=c2
42+h2=112
16+h2=121
-16
-16
h2=105
h=10.25

B=bh
B=8*9
B=72
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(72*10.25)
V=1/3(738)
V=246in3

6in
45-45-90 right
triangle b=6

a2+b2=c2
62+h2=132
36+h2=169
11.53cm -36
-36
h2=133
h=11.53

B=bh
B=7*10
B=70
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(70*11.53)
V=1/3(807.1)
V=269.3cm3

24.39m

a2+b2=c2
92+h2=262
81+h2=676
-81
-81
h2=595
h=24.39

B=s2
B=172
B=289
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(289*24.39)
V=1/3(7048.71)
V=2,349.57m3

8ft
d=2r
16=2r
2 2
8=r

12

ft

3-4-5 right
triangle scale
factor 3. 4*3=12

B=1/2bh
B=1/2(6*6)
B=1/2(36)
B=18
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(18*7)
V=1/3(126)
V=42in3

V=1/3r2h
V=1/3(82)14
V=1/364*14
V=1/3(896)
V=144
V2,814.87m3

B=1/2bh
B=1/2(9*12)
B=1/2(108)
B=54
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(54*11)
V=1/3(594)
V=198ft3

10.25cm

a2+b2=c2
82+h2=132
64+h2=169
-64
-64
h2=105
h=10.25

4cm

V=1/3r h
V=1/3(42)14
V=1/316*14
V=1/3(224)
V=74.67
V234.58m3
2

d=2r
8=2r
2 2
4=r

8c m

a2+b2=c2
4.12cm 82+h2=92
64+h2=81
-64
-64
2
h =17
h=4.12

16=8 bisect
2

B=bh
B=12*11
B=132
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(132*4.12)
V=1/3(543.84)
V=181.28cm3

a2+b2=c2
(42)2+h2=112
(16*2)+h2=121
32+h2=121
-32
-32
2
4
h
=89
2f
t
h=9.43
B=s2
B=82
B=64
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(64*9.43)
V=1/3(603.52)
V=201.17ft3
82=42 bisect
2
a2+b2=c2
42+h2=72
16+h2=49
-16
-16
h2=33
h=5.74
9.43ft

8in

8in

B=1/2bh
B=1/2(8*8)
B=1/2(64)
B=32
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(32*8)
V=1/3(256)
V=85.33in3

45-45-90 right
triangle
a2+b2=c2
32+h2=62
5.2in 9+h2=36
-9
-9
h2=27
h=5.2

3in

45-45-90 right
triangle

B=s2
B=(32)2
B=9*2
B=18
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(18*5.2)
V=1/3(93.6)
V=31.2in3

42in
square

42in

45-45-90 right
triangle

B=s2
B=(42)2
B=16*2
B=32
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(32*5.74)
V=1/3(183.68)
V=61.23in3

13.64cm

8.57in

tan65= h
6.36

h
*6.36
6.36
6.36(tan65)=h
6.36(2.1445)=h
13.64h

6.36* tan65=

h=4.953
h8.57
4.95in

B=s2
B=(32)2
B=9*2
B=18
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(18*5.2)
V=1/3(93.6)
V=31.2in3

45-45-90 right
triangle digonal
=72

72=3.524.95
2

6.36
45-45-90 right
triangle diagonal
=92

92=4.526.36
2

B=s2
B=92
B=81
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(18*13.64)
V=1/3(1104.84)
V=368.28cm3

h
4.23m tan38= 5.41

5.1ft

h
*5.41
6.36
5.41(tan38)=h
5.41(.7813)=h
4.23h

5.41* tan38=
5.66
45-45-90 right
triangle diagonal
=92
82=425.66
2
tan42= h
5.66

B=s2
B=82
B=64
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(64*5.1)
V=1/3(326.4)
V=108.8ft3

h
*5.66
6.36
5.66(tan42)=h
5.66(.9004)=h
5.1h

5.66* tan42=

5.41m

a2+b2=c2
62+92=d2
36+81=d2
117=d2
10.82=d
10.82=5.41
2

B=bh
B=6*9
B=56
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(56*4.23)
V=1/3(236.88)
V=78.96m3

V=1/3r2h
V=1/3(52)14
V=1/325*13
V=1/3(325)
V=108.33
V340.34ft3

B=bh
B=9*8
B=72
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(72*11)
V=1/3(792)
V=264ft3

B=s2
B=72
B=49
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(49*2)
V=1/3(98)
V=32.67in3

B=1/2bh
B=1/2(5*14)
B=1/2(70)
B=35
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(35*15)
V=1/3(525)
V=175cm3

5-12-13 right
triangle scale
factor 1 12*1=12

B=1/2bh
B=1/2(5*12)
B=1/2(60)
B=30
V=1/3(Bh)
V=1/3(30*11)
V=1/3(330)
V=110cm3

d=2r
12=2r
2 2
6=r
V=1/3r2h
V=1/3(62)14
V=1/336*12
V=1/3(432)
V=144
V1,021.02ft3

9in

9in

9in

6in

11in
9in

6in

11in

11in

d=2r
8=2r
2 2
4=r

6in

6in

11in

4cm

4cm

4cm

4cm
10m

3-4-5 right
triangle scale
factor=2
5*2=10

a2+b2=c2
a2+72=122
a2+49=144
-49 -49
a2=95
a=9.75

10m
6m

10m

8m

10m
8m

10m
6m

10m

8m

7ft
9.75ft

13ft

12ft

7ft

12ft

10
53
10in

53in
10in
53in
10in

10m

12ft

13ft

13ft
7ft

9.75ft
30-60-90
right triangle

6m

5in

8in

8in

5in

9.75ft

53in

5in
8in

10in

11-4=7

7cm

4+6=10

4cm 8cm

11cm 4cm

8cm

4cm
4cm 8cm

11cm
6cm
27-13=14

14ft

19ft

13ft

8ft
14ft
27ft

11ft

8ft
8ft

8ft

4in

4in

4in

13ft

8ft

7.75in

4in

8ft

8ft

8ft

7.75in

7.75in

a2+b2=c2
a2+22=82
a2+4=64
-4 -4
a2=60
a=7.75

14ft

19ft

13ft
8ft 14ft

4/2=2

6cm

27ft
19ft

11ft

8ft

8cm

4cm

4cm

27ft

7cm

8cm

11ft

19-11=8

7.75in

10cm

6cm

8cm

11cm

7.75in

10cm

4in
4in

18-8=10
12-5=7

18cm

7cm
5cm

7cm

62in

45-45-90 triangle
62
a2+b2=c2
3-4-5 rt.
2
2
2
triangle. scale a +32 =5
a2+18=25
factor =1
-18 -18
h=4
a2=7
a=2.65

10cm

6cm

12cm

7cm
6cm
18cm 6cm

4in

5cm

8cm

10cm

4in

18cm

8cm

6in
6in

6in
6in

6cm

6cm

8cm

6cm
5cm
10cm

2.65in

2in

62in

30in2 5in

30in2

5in

9in

6in

6in

6in

54in2

5in

45in2

5in

45in2

9in

9in

6in

54in2
9in

cm
0
8
4

cm

cm
4

8
3

16cm

24cm

3-4-5 right
triangle
scale factor=4
5*4=20

24cm

12cm

96+96+384+288+480=1,344cm2

20cm

52
5ft
78.54ft2

52
5ft

78.54ft2

15ft

2(5)(15)
471.24ft2
5ft

ft 2
8
2

16ft

8ft

8ft

ft 2
8
2

16ft

ft 2
8
2

16ft

8
2

8ft

8ft

8ft

64ft2 8ft

64ft2 8ft

ft 2

78.54+78.54+471.24=628.32ft2

20cm

96cm2
16cm 12cm
16cm

24cm

12cm

96cm2

20cm

20cm

30+30+45+45+54+54=258in2

8ft

64+64+128+128+128+128=640ft2

16ft

7in

in 2
0

in 2

16in

14in

in 2
9
4

7in

7in

112in2

7in

in 2

9in
8
1
in 2

in 2

5in

7in
7in

98in

7in

5in

in 2
3

5in

9in

9in

16in

7in

9in

16in

16-9=7

9in

9in
8
1
in 2

14-5=9

9in

81+80+81+80+35+63+49+98+112+63=742in2

8cm

8cm

64cm2 8cm

9.17cm

a2+b2=c2
a2+42=102
a2+16=100
-16 -16
a2=84
a=9.17

9.17cm

9.17cm

10/2=5

9.17cm

36.68cm2 36.68cm236.68cm236.68cm2

8cm
8cm
36.68+36.68+36.68+36.68
+64=210.72cm2

8cm

6/2=3
10m
32.24m2
a2+b2=c2
2
a2+32=92 6m 24m
2
a +9=81
8m
-9 -9
2
8m
a =72
8/2=4
25.47m2
10m 2 2 2
a=8.49
37.4m2
10/2=5
a +b =c
a2+b2=c2
a2+42=92
a2+52=92
a2+16=81
10m
6m
a2+25=81
-16-16
24+32.24+25.47+37.4=119.11m2
-25 -25
a2=65
a2=56
a=8.06
a=7.48
22-13=9
6in
66in2
11-4=7
11in
4in
4in
6in
78in2
7in
7in
9in
13in
6in 54in2 6in 42in2 6in
7in
6in
132in2
7in
4in
9in
22in
154+52+154+52+66+24+54+42+78+132=808in2

in 2

52in

22in

154in2

52in2

154in2

13in

13in

22in

8.49m

7.48m

8.06m

3-4-5 right
triangle
scale factor=2
5*2=10

9/2=4.5

4.52
4.5cm
63.62cm2

4.52
4.5cm
63.62cm2

20ft

4ft

4.5ft2

8.65ft

8.65ft

18ft2 6ft

3ft

3ft

4.5+4.5+18+18+25.46=70.46ft2

6in

64in

2in2
1in
2in
7in

2in2
1in
2in
7in

8in

8in
60in2

64in2

6in

12in2

8in

8in
8in 7in
8in

2
6ft 18ft

42in2 6in

48in2

5ft
17.54+21.63+21.63+
17.54+20=98.34cm2

3ft

10-2=8
7+1=8

17.54ft2

8in

6ft 25.46ft

5ft

4ft

21.63ft2

4.5ft2

3ft

3ft

21.63ft2

6in

6in

6in2

3ft
32ft

8in

4.5cm

17.54ft2

4ft

5ft
45-45-90
triangle
3

8.77ft

a2+b2=c2
a2+22=92
a2+4=81
-4 -4
a2=77
a=8.77

8.77ft

5/2=2.5
a2+b2=c2
a2+2.52=92
a2+6.25=81
-6.25-6.25
a2=74.75
a=8.65

4/2=2

3ft

311.02cm2

63.62+63.62+311.02=438.26cm2

4.5cm

3ft

11cm

2(4.5)(11)

48in2

1in
6in

10in
2in
8in
64+2+64+2+6+42+60+12+46+48
=348in2

11cm 132cm2 11cm

cm

cm

11cm

10cm

10cm
132cm

110+110+132+132=484cm2

11cm

12cm

12cm

8m

4.47m

a2+b2=c2
a2+42=62
a2+16=36
-16 -16
a2=20
a=4.47

4.47m

4.47m

8/2=4

4.47m

2
17.88m2 17.88m2 17.88m 17.88m2

8m
8m
8m
17.88+17.88+17.88+17.88=71.52m2

2(3)(5)

94.25cm2

5cm 94.25cm2

in 2

7in

4in

4in

5in
32in2
8in

28+20+12+12+16+32=120in2
4in

3in

4in

in 2

4in

20in2 4in

5+3=8

8in

4in

28in2

7-3=4

in 2

3cm

3in

4in

51+38=89
m ABD=89

163-44=119
m CBD=119

42+35=77
m ABD=77

31+43=74
m ABD=74

78-21=57
m CBD=57

125-36=89
m CBD=89

97-48=49
m CBD=49
112-29=83
m ABD=83

119-67=52
m CBD=52
45+49=96
m ABD=94

123-67=56
m CBD=56
115+65=180
m ABC=180

58+37+59=154
m ABE=154

61+25+15=101
m ABE=101

22+28+78=128
m ABE=128

25+41+36=102
m ABE=102

111-31-52=28
m CBD=28

136-35-42=59
m ABC=59

170-21-19-23=107
m CBD=107

58+48+31+43=180
m ABF=180

136-67=69
m DBE=69

(77+89)-136=30
m CBD=30

169-39-26-23=107
m DBE=81

165-36-21-57=51
m CBD=51

Two angles whose measures


add to 90.
Two angles whose measures
add to 180.
Two angles who are supplementary
and adjacent.

x+33=90
.

y+134=180

x+33=90
-33-33
x=57

-134-134
y=46

z+67=180
-67 -67
z=113

x+64=90
-64-64
x=26

z+90=180
-90 -90
z=90

y+44=180
-44 -44
y=136

x+12=90
-12 -12
x=78

x+64=180
-64 -64
x=116

x+2x=180
3x=180
3
3
x=60

(x+21)+(x+58)=180
x+21+x+58=180
2x+79=180
-79 -79
2x=101
2
2
x=50.5

x+(3x+18)=90
x+3x+18=90
4x+18=90
-18-18
4x=72
4
4
x=18

(2x+8)+(x-24)=180
2x+8+x-24=180
3x-16=180
+16 +16
3x=196
3
3
x=65.3

131+y=180
-131 -131
y=49
(x+15)+(x-12)=180
x+15+x-12=180
2x+3=180
-3
-3
2x=177
2
2
x=88.5

49+x=180
-49
-49
x=131
The value of x is the same as
the measure of the angle on
the other side of the
intersecting lines, 131.

x+43=180
-43 -43
x=137
m DEF=137

43

143

143+x=180 linear pair


-143 -143
x=37
m TRS=37

59+x=90
-59 -59
x=31

m H=31
59

x
78+x=180
-78
-78
x=102

78

m O=102

x+27

(x+27)+x=180 linear pair


x+27+x=180
2x+27=180
-27 -27
2x=153
2
2
x=76.5
m ROK=76.5

2x+11

(2x+11)+x=180 linear pair


2x+11+x=180
3x+11=180
-11 -11
3x=169
3
3
x=56.3
check your work

x=121

Vertical Angle Theorem

x=28

Vertical Angle Theorem

x=48

Vertical Angle Theorem

x=37

x=165

x=90

Vertical Angle Theorem

Vertical Angle Theorem

Vertical Angle Theorem

x+45=2x+19
-x
-x
45=x+19
-19 -19
26=x

x+117=3x+9
-x
-x
117=2x-9
+9
+9
126=2x
2
2
63=x

x+91=3x-37
-x
-x
91=2x-37
+37
+37
128=2x
2
2
64=x

Vertical Angle Theorem

Vertical Angle Theorem

Vertical Angle Theorem

x+13=2x-23
-x
-x
13=x-23
+23 +23
36=x

Vertical Angle Theorem

2x-17=x+12
-x
-x
x-17=12
+17 +17
x=29

Vertical Angle Theorem

x+33=2x-23
-x
-x
33=x-23
+23 +23
56=x

Vertical Angle Theorem

63

Vertical Angle Theorem

m SOT=m NOE

138

m EAM=m IAL
63=m IAL

Vertical Angle Theorem

138=m NOE

m TKE=m AKS

Vertical Angle Theorem

87

147

Vertical Angle Theorem

147=m AET

87=m AKS

51

m IKS=m HKE

Vertical Angle Theorem

51=m HKE

m GER=m AET

153
m DCE=m ACB

Vertical Angle Theorem

153=m ACB

x+24

2x-8

m HAE=m DAS

Vertical Angle Theorem

x+24=2x-8
-x
-x
24=x-8
+8 +8
32=x
m DAS=2x-8
m DAS=2(32)-8
m DAS=64-8
m DAS=56

m ABD=m CBE

Vertical Angle Theorem

2x-37=x+65 m
-x
-x
m
x-37=+65 m
+37 +37 m
x=102

m GET=m AEN

3x-51

2x-17

Vertical Angle Theorem

3x-51=2x-17
-2x
-2x
x-51=-17
+51 +51
x=34
m GET=3x-51
m GET=3(34)-51
m GET=102-51
m GET=51

x+65

2x-37

CBE=x+65
CBE=102+65
CBE=102+65
CBE=167

2x+89
x+89
m BED=2X+89

m BED=2(0)+89
m BED=0+89

m BED=89

m LEN=m BED

Vertical Angle Theorem

X+89=2x+89
-x
-x
89=x+89
-89 -89
0 =x

m BOE=m NOL

Vertical Angle Theorem

5x+36=3x+42
-3x
-3x
2x+36=42
3x+42 5x+36
-36-36
2x=6
2 2
x=3
m NOL=3x+42
m NOL=3(3)+42
m NOL=9+42
m NOL=51

4x-51
3x
m PIT=m LIO

Vertical Angle Theorem

m LIO=3x
m LIO=3(51)
m LIO=153

4X-51=3X
-3x
-3x
x-51=0
+51 +51
x=51

1,2; 2,3; 3,4; 4,5; 5,1


1,3;
1,2; 2,3

1,2; 2,3; 3,4; 4,5; 5,6; 6,7; 7,8 8,1

1,2; 3,4; 5,6; 7,8

1,2;2,3;3,4;4,5;5,6;6,7;7,8;8,1

1,2; 2,3; 3,4; 4,5; 5,6; 6,1


1,4; 2,5; 3,6

1,5; 2,6; 3,7; 4,8

linear pair

complementary

vertical angles

linear pair

adjacent angles

vertical angles

supplementary

complementary

linear pair
supplementary

complementary
vertical angles

vertical angles

complementary

vertical angles

supplementary

two angles that are supplementary and adjacent


two angles that share a common ray and vertex
two angles that are on opposite sides of two intersecting lines

1, 5;

3, 7;

3, 6;

4, 5;

1, 8;

2, 7;

3, 5;

4, 6;

2, 6;

4, 8

alternate exterior angles

consecutive angles

corresponding angles

corresponding angles

corresponding angles

alternate interior angles

alternate exterior angles

alternate interior angles

consecutive angles

corresponding angles

vertical angles

a linear pair, or supplementary

vertical angles

alternate interior angles

a linear pair, or supplementary

a linear pair, or supplementary

corresponding angles

vertical angles

Corresponding, m 1=m 2

Alternate interior, m 1=m 2


Alternate interior, m 1=m 2

Corresponding, m 1=m 2
Alternate exterior, m 1=m 2

Alternate exterior, m 1=m 2


Corresponding, m 1=m 2

Consecutive, m 1+m 2=180

Consecutive, m 1+m 2=180

Consecutive
x+68=180
-68 -68
x=112
Alternate interior
46=x

Alternate exterior
x=37

Corresponding
111=x
Alternate interior
x=58

Corresponding
175=x

Corresponding
x=26

Corresponding

Alternate interior

x=31

x=83

Linear Pair

Vertical

x+113=180
-113 -113
x=67

x=126

Alternate interior
x=132

Alternate exterior
x=96

Corresponding
x=119

Consecutive
x+21=180
-21 -21
x=159

Corresponding
Alternate exterior
2x+19=x+23
-x
-x
x+19=23
-19-19
x=4

2x-61=x+3
-x
-x
x-61=3
+61+61
x=64

Consecutive

Alternate interior
2x-12=x+34
-x
-x
x-12=34
+12+12
x=46

Vertical
3x+21=x+57
-x
-x
2x+21=57
-21-21
2x=36
2 2
x=18

(2x+42)+(x-23)=180
2x+42+x-24=180
3x+18=180
-18 -18
3x=162
3 3
x= 54

Linear pair
(x+23)+(x+61)=180
x+23+x+61=180
2x+84=180
-84 -84
2x=96
2 2
x= 48
Corresponding
3x-35=2x+52
-2x
-2x
x-35=52
+35 +35
x=87

Vertical
2x-17=x+27
-x
-x
x-17=27
+17+17
x=44
Corresponding
2x-37=x+79
-x
-x
x-37=79
+37+37
x=116
Alternate interior
2x+5=x+59
-x
-x
x+5=59
-5 -5
x=54
Corresponding
2x+17=x+77
-x
-x
x+17=77
-17-17
x=60

Consecutive
(x+23)+(x+54)=180
x+23+x+54=180
2x+77=180
-77 -77
2x=103
2
2
x=51.5

Corresponding

3x+71=5x+37
-3x
-3x
71=2x+37
-37
-37
34=2x
2
2
17=x
Alternate exterior
3x-26=x+64
-x
-x
2x-26=64
+26+26
2x=90
2
2
x=45
Vertical
2x+32=x+97
-x
-x
x+32=97
-32-32
x=65

x 85

68

Corresponding

m ACB=m EFC
68=m EFC

Alternate interior
m DCH=m BFE
85=m BFE

103

x
91

Alternate exterior

m HFG=m BCD
103=m BCD

Consecutive
m EFB+m DCH=180
91+x=180
-91
-91
x=89 m ACH=89

x
47

Vertical
m GEH=m BEF
47=m BCD

63
Linear Pair
m DCH+m ACH=180
103+x=180
-103
-103
x=77 m ACH=77

x+24

Alternate Exterior

2x=164
2
2
x=82
x-8

m ACH=x+24
m ACH=82+24
m ACH=106

2x-45

x+23

Linear Pair
m ACH+m DCH=180
(x+24)+(x-8)=180
x+24+x-8=180
2x+16=180
-16 -16

Consecutive
m GF+m DCH=180
(x+32)+(x+24)=180
x+32+x+24=180
2x+56=180
-56 -56
2x=124
2x=164
2
2
x=62

Corresponding

Corresponding

Alternate Interior

m BCD=m BFG
x+26=2x-24
-x
-x
26=x-24
+24 +24
50=x
m BFG=2x-24
m BFG=2(50)-24
m BFG=100-24
m BFG=76

m ADF=m HEC
2x+4=4x-14
-2x -2x
4=2x-14
+14
+14
18=2x
2
2
9=x
m HEC=4x-14
m HEC=4(9)-14
m HEC=36-14
m HEC=22

4x-14

2x-24

m DCH=x+24
m DCH=62+24
m DCH=86

2x+4

2x-124

x+26

24
x+ 32
x+

m EFH=m ACH
2x-142=x+16
-x
-x
x-142=x-16
+142 +142
x=126
m ACH=x-16
m ACH=126-16
m ACH=110

x+16

m ACB=m HFG
2x-45=x+23
-x
-x
x-45=23
+45+45
x=68
m HFG=x+23
m HFG=68+23
m HFG=91

AB CD 1 and 2 are
corresponding so m 1=m 2

AB is not
false.

to CD 1 m 1=m 2 is

AB CD 1 and 2 are
corresponding so m 1=m 2

AB CD 1 and 2 are Alternate


exterior so m 1=m 2

AB is not to CD 1 so
m 1=m 2 is false.

AB CD 1 and 2 are Alternate


interior so m 1=m 2

AB is not to CD 1 and 2 are


m 1=m 2 is false.

This is true because vertical


angles are always equal.

AB is not to CD so
m 1+m 2=180 is false.

AB CD, 1 and 2 are


consecutive so m 1+m 2=180 is
true.

1 and 2 are Corresponding if


corresponding angles are equal
then AB CD.

1 and 2 are Alternate


exterior if Alternate exterior
angles are equal then AB CD.

1 and 2 are Vertical angles.


Vertical angles don't require
parallel lines so we don't know if
AB CD so probably false.

1 and 2 are Alternate interior


if Alternate interior angles are
equal then AB CD

Triangle Sum Theorem


24+88+x=180
112+x=180
-112 -112
x=68

Triangle Sum Theorem


42+87+x=180
129+x=180
-129 -129
x=51

Triangle Sum Theorem


23+68+x=180
91+x=180
-91
-91
x=89

Triangle Sum Theorem


31+53+x=180
84+x=180
-84
-84
x=96

Triangle Sum Theorem


60+90+x=180
150+x=180
-150 -150
x=30
Triangle Sum Theorem
25+26+x=180
51+x=180
-51
-51
x=129

Triangle Sum Theorem


18+54+x=180
72+x=180
-72
-72
x=108

Triangle Sum Theorem


106+59+x=180
165+x=180
-165 -165
x=15

Triangle Sum Theorem


53+68+x=180
121+x=180
-121 -121
x=59

Triangle Sum Theorem


32+x+x=180
32+2x=180
-32
-32
2x=148
2
2
x=74

Triangle Sum
Theorem
24+x+x=180
24+2x=180
-24
-24
2x=156
2
2
x=78
Equilateral Triangle
x=60

Triangle Sum Theorem


25+37+x=180
62+x=180
-62
-62
x=118
Triangle Sum Theorem
46+71+x=180
117+x=180
-117 -117
x=63

Triangle Sum Theorem


121+39+x=180
160+x=180
-160 -160
x=20

Triangle Sum Theorem


30+x+x=180
30+2x=180
-30
-30
2x=150
2
2
x=75

Triangle Sum Theorem


30+90+x=180
120+x=180
-120 -120
x=60
m G=60

30

18
94

Triangle Sum Theorem


18+94+x=180
112+x=180
-112 -112 x=68 m A=68

Triangle Sum Theorem


138+17+x=180
138
155+x=180
17 -155 -155
x=25
m M=25

47
x
43

Triangle Sum Theorem


48+x+x=180
48 48+2x=180
-48
-48
2x=132
2
2
x
x=66
m T=66

24

Triangle Sum Theorem


13+24+x=180
37+x=180
-37
-37
x=143 m M=143

13
x

118

Triangle Sum Theorem


47+43+x=180
90+x=180
-90
-90
x=90
m H=90

Equilateral Triangle
x=60
m O=60m T=60
m P=60

Triangle Sum Theorem


118+26+x=180
144+x=180
-144 -144
x=36
26
m H=36

Triangle Sum Theorem


x+2x+(x-16)=180
x+2x+x-16=180
4x-16=180
+16 +16
4x=196
4
4
x=49

Triangle Sum Theorem


x+(x+43)+(x-31)=180
x+x+43+x-31=180
3x+12=180
-12 -12
3x=168
3
3
x=56

Triangle Sum Theorem


x+x+(x-27)=180
x+x+x-27=180
3x-27=180
+27 +27
3x=207
3
3
x=69

Triangle Sum Theorem


x+3x+(x+15)=180
x+3x+x+15=180
5x+15=180
-15 -15
5x=165
5
5
x=33

Triangle Sum Theorem


x+(x+55)+(x+38)=180
x+x+55+x+38=180
3x+93=180
-93 -93
3x=87
3
3
x=29

Triangle Sum Theorem


(x+21)+(x+23)+(x+61)=180
x+21+x+23+x+61=180
3x+105=180
-105-105
3x=75
3
3
x=25

Triangle Sum Theorem


x-23
2x+x+(2x+30)=180
2x+x+2x+30=180
5x+30=180
2x
2x+30
-30 -30
x-17
5x=150
5
5
Triangle Sum Theorem
x=30
2x+(x-23)+(x-17)=180
m B=2x
2x+x-23+x-17=180
m B=2(30)
4x-40=180
m B=60
+40 +40
4x=220
4
4
x=55
m S=2x m S=2(55)
x+5
m S=110
2x

Triangle Sum Theorem


90+(x-7)+(x+5)=180
90+x-7+x+5=180
2x+88=180
-88 -88
2x=92m Z=46-7
2
2 m Z=39
x=46
m Z=x-7

x-7

x-22

3x+19

x-17

Equilateral Triangle
x=60
m R=60m Q=60
m S=60

x
x
x

Triangle Sum Theorem


(x-22)+(3x+19)+(x-17)=180
x-22+3x+19+x-17=180
5x-20=180
m X=3x+19
+20 +20
m X=3(40)+19
5x=200
m X=120+19
5
5
m X=139
x=40

m 1+m 2=m 3
114+38=x

m 1+m 2=m 3

152=x

54+63=x

117=x

m 1+m 2=m 3

m 1+m 2=m 3

18+42=x

48+68=x

60=x

116=x

m 1+m 2=m 3
43+106=x
149=x

m 1+m 2=m 3
60+90=x
150=x

m 1+m 2=m 3
21+138=x
159=x

m 1+m 2=m 3
35+90=x
125=x

m 1+m 2=m 3
29+x=87
-29 -29
58
x=______

m 1+m 2=m 3
142+x=167
-142 -142
x=25

m 1+m 2=m 3
42+x=77
-42 -42
x=35

m 1+m 2=m 3
78+x=131
-78
-78
x=53

m 1+m 2=m 3
39+x=106
-39
-39
x=67

m 1+m 2=m 3
x+x=148
2x=148
2
2
x=74

m 1+m 2=m 3
(x+3)+(x+4)=125
x+3+x+4=125
2x+7=125
-7 -7
2x=118
2
2
x=59

m 1+m 2=m 3
(2x-37)+90=3x
2x-37+90=3x
2x+53=3x
-2x
-2x
53=x

m 1+m 2=m 3
(x+13)+(x+13)=135
2(x+13)=135
2x+26=135
-26 -26
2x=109
2
2
x=54.5

m 1+m 2=m 3
(x-6)+x=148
x-6+x=148
2x-6=148
+6
+6
2x=154
2
2
x=77

m 1+m 2=m 3
(x+1)+(2x-17)=x+89
x+1+2x-17=x+89
3x-16=x+89
-x
-x
2x-16=89
+16+16
2x=105
2
2
x=52.5

m 1+m 2=m 3
(x+34)+(x+34)=3x
2(x+34)=3x
2x+68=3x
-2x
-2x
68=x

m 1+m 2=m 3 m 1+m 2=m 3


(x-16)+(x+3)=x+42 (x-19)+(x-26)=x
x-19+x-26=x
x-16+x+3=x+42
2x-45=x
2x-13=x+42
-2x
-2x
-x
-x
-45=-x
x-13=42
-1 -1
+13+13
45=x
x=55

x
93

35
61

48

m 1+m 2=m 3
35+61=x
96=x

m 1+m 2=m 3
93+48=x
141=x

x
6x

x+71

m 1+m 2=m 3
(x+71)+x=6x
x+71+x=6x
2x+71=6x
-2x
-2x
71=4x
4
4
17.75=x

m
m
m
m

Z=x+71
17.75
Z=(_____)+71
17.75
Z=______+71
78.75
Z=______

2x+19

42
x

m 1+m 2=m 3
x+42=2x+19
-x
-x
42=x+19
-19 -19
m
23=x
m
m
m
x

148

60

75

105

60

m 1+m 2=m 3
60+60=x
120=x
CAS=2x+19
CAS=2(23)+19
CAS=46+19
CAS=65

m 1+m 2=m 3
x+x=148
2x=148
2
2
x=74
m D=x
m D=74

60

m ATS=x
m ATS=120

4x+9
m 1+m 2=m 3
(2x+51)+x=4x+9
2x+51+x=4x+9
3x+51=4x+9
-3x
-3x
51=x+9
-9 -9
42=x m
m
m
m

2x+51

HEP=4x+9
HEP=4(42)+9
HEP=168+9
HEP=177

m 1+m 2=m
m GRE+m ERA=180 105+x=3x+9
-x -x
75+m ERA=180
105=2x+9
-75
-75
-9 -9
m ERA=105
96=2x m
2
2 m
3x+9
48=x m
m

HEP=3x+9
HEP=3(48)+9
HEP=144+9
HEP=153

*Note: There
are many
possible ways
to solve some
of these
problems.
What could I use to find x?

What could I use to find x?

B1: 53+m 1+x=180 triangle sum


theorem

B1: m 7=x corresponding angles

What could I use to find x?


B1: m 1=x corresponding angles

What could I use to find x?


B1: m 2+m 3+x=180 triangle sum
theorem

What could I use to find x?


B1: m 2+m 1+x=180 triangle sum
theorem

What could I use to find x?


B1: m 9=x corresponding angles

What could I use to find x?

What could I use to find x?

B1: m 1+x=180 linear pair

B1: 35+m 7+x=180 triangle sum


theorem

What could I use to find x?


B1: x=m 7 corresponding
What could I use to find m 7?
B2: m 5=m 7 corresponding

What could I use to find x?


B1: m 2+61+x=180 triangle sum
theorem
What could I use to find m 2?
B2: m 1=m 2 vertical angles

What could I use to find x?


B1: m 2+m 3+x=180 triangle sum
theorem
What could I use to find m 3?
B2: m 3=53 corresponding angles

What could I use to find x?


B1: m 1+m 3=x remote exterior
angle theorem
What could I use to find m 3?
B2: m 3+132=180 linear pair

*Note: There are many possible


ways to solve some of these
problems.

What could I use to find x?


B1: m 7+68=x remote exterior
angle theorem
What could I use to find m 7?
B2: m 7+35=90 complementary

What could I use to find x?


B1: m 2+m 5+x=180 angle addition
postulate, straight angle
What could I use to find m 5?
B2: m 5+76+18=180 triangle sum
theorem.

What could I use to find x?


B1: m 2+71+x=180 triangle sum
theorem
What could I use to find m 2?
B2: m 1=m 2 vertical angles
What could I use to find m 1?
B3: m 1+48+53=180 triangle sum
theorem

What could I use to find x?


B1: m 9=x corresponding angles
What could I use to find m 9?
B2: m 9=68 alternate interior angles

What could I use to find x?


B1: m 10+m 13+x=180 triangle
sum theorem
What could I use to find m 10?
B2: m 10+=42 vertical angles
What could I use to find m 13?
B3: m 13=78 corresponding angles

What could I use to find x?


B1: m 1+93+x=180 triangle sum
theorem
What could I use to find m 1?
B2: m 1+m 4+83=180 angle
addition postulate
What could I use to find m 4?
B3: m 4+132+24=180 triangle
sum theorem

What could I use to find x?


B1: m 1+82=x remote exterior angle
theorem
What could I use to find m 1?
B2: m 1+m 2+82=180 triangle
sum theorem
What could I use to find m 2?
B3: m 2=32 alternate interior angles

What could I use to find x?


B1: m 1+31=x=180 remote exterior
angle theorem
What could I use to find m 1?
B2: m 1+142=180 vertical angles

How can I find x?


B1: m 3=x alternate
interior angles
How can I find m 3?
B2: m 3+36+58=180
triangle sum therorem

How can I find x?


B1: m 7+43=x remote
exterior angle theorem
How can I find m 7?
B2: m 7+68=90
complementary angles
triangle sum therorem

B2: m 3+36+58=180
m 3+94=180
-94 -94
m 3=86
B1: m 3=x=180
86=x

B2: m 7+68=90
-68-68
m 7=22
B1: m 7+43=x
22+43=x
65=x

How can I find x?


B1: m 3=x vertical angles
How can I find m 8?
B2: m 3+39=180 linear
pair

B2: m 3+39=180
-39 -39
m 3=141

How can I find x?


B1: m 1+m 2=x remote
exterior angle theorem
How can I find m 2?
B2: m 2+142=180
linear pair
How can I find m 1?
B3: m 1+31+87=180
angle addition postulate,
straight angle

B3: m 1+31+87=180
m 1+118=180
-118-118
m 1=62
B2: m 2+142=180
-142 -142
m 2=38
B1: m 1+m 2=x
38+62=x
100=x

B1: m 3=x
141=x

How can I find x?


B1: m 13=x alternate
exterior angles
How can I find m 13?
B2: m 13=163
corresponding angles

B2: m 13=163
B1: m 13=x
163=x

How can I find x?


B2: m 1+63+89=180
B1: (m 1+31)+(52+24)
m 1+152=180
+x=180 triangle sum
-152-152
theorem
m 1=28
How can I find m 1?
B2: m 1+63+89=180 B1:
(m 1+31)+(52+24)=180
triangle sum theorem
28+31+52+24+x=180
135+x=180
-135 -135
x=45

How can I find x?


B1: m 1=x vertical angles
How can I find m 1?
B2: m 1+41+72=180
triangle sum theorem

B2: m 1+41+72=180
m 1+113=180
-113-113
m 1=67
B1: m 1=x
67=x

B3: m 4=52
How can I find x?
B2:
m 1+72+68=180
B1: m 1+m 4=x remote
m 1+140=180
exterior angle theorem
-140-140
How can I find m 1?
m 1=40
B2: m 1+72+68=180
angle addition postulate,
B1: m 1+m 2=x
straight angle
52+40=x
How can I find m 4?
92=x
B3: m 4=52 vertical
angles

How can I find x?


B1: m 6+m 7=x remote
exterior angle theorem
How can I find m 6?
B2: m 6+48=90
complementary angles
How can I find m 7?
B3: m 7=53
corresponding angles.

How can I find x?


B1: m 1+55=x remote
exterior angle theorem
How can I find m 1?
B2: m 1+46=90
complementary angles

B3: m 7=53
B2: m 6+48=90
-48-48
m 6=42
B1: m 6+m 7=x
42+53=x
95=x

B2: m 1+46=90
-46-46
m 6=44
B1: m 1+55=x
44+55=x
99=x

B3: m 10=78
How can I find x?
B2:
m 11+m 10+20=180
B1: m 11+x=180 linear
m 11+78+20=180
pair
m 11+98=180
How can I find m 11?
-98-98
B2: m 11+m10+20=180
m 11=82
triangle sum theorem
How can I find m 10?
B1: m 11+x=180
B3: m 10=78
82+x=180
corresponding angles.
-82
-82
98=x

B2: m 1+139=180
How can I find x?
-139 -139
B1: m 1+(38+26)+x=180
m 1=41
triangle sum theorem
B1: m 1+(38+26)+x=180
How can I find m 1?
41+64+x=180
B2: m 1+139=180 linear
105+x=180
pair
-105
-105
x=75

B1: 47+21+m 3=180


How can I find x?
47+21+m 3=180
B1: m 5+41+x=180
68+m 3=180
triangle sum theorem
-68
-68
How can I find m 5?
m 3=112
B2: m 5=m 3
B2: m 3=m 5
How can I find the m 3?
112=m 5
B3: 47+21+m 3=180 B1: m 5+38+x=180
112+38+x=180
150+x=180
-150 -150
x=30
How can I find x?
B1: m 1+m 2+x=180 B3: m 2=91
triangle sum theorem
B2: m 1=72
How can I find m 1?
B2: m 1=72
B1: m 1+m 2+x=180
corresponding angles
91+72+x=180
How can I find the m 2?
163+x=180
B3: m 2=91 vertical
-163 -163
angles
x=17

B3: 69+90+m 1=180


How can I find x?
159+m 1=180
B1: m 2+96+x=180
-159
-159
triangle sum theorem
m 1=21
How can I find m 2?
B2:
(m1+m 2)+69+72=180B2:(m1+m 2)+69+72=180
triangle sum theorem
21+m 2+69+72=180
How can I find the m 1?
162+m 2=180
B3:
-162
-162
69+90+m 1=180
m 2=18
triangle sum theorem B1: m 2+96+x=180
18+96+x=180
114+x=180
-114 -114 x=66

B3: m 3=44
How can I find x?
B1: m 2+m3+x=180
B2: m 2=126
triangle sum theorem
How can I find m 2?
B2: m 2=126
B1: m 2+m 3+x=180
corresponding angles
126+44+x=180
How can I find the m 3?
170+x=180
B3: m 3=44 alternate
-170 -170
exterior angles
x=10

How can I find x?


B1: m 8=x
corresponding angles
How can I find the m 8?
B2: m 8=119 alternate
interior angles

How can I find x?


B1: m 1+90=x remote
exterior angle theorem
How can I find m 1?
B2: m 1+150=180

B2: m 8=119
B1: m 8=x
119=x

B2: m 1+150=180
-150 -150
m 1=30
B1: m 1+90=x
30+90=x
120=x

How can I find x?


B1: m 3+47=x remote
exterior angle theorem
How can I find m 1?
B2: m 3+21=90
complementary angles

B2: m 3+21=90
-21-21
m 3=69
B1: m 3+47=x
69+47=x
116=x

B2: m 4+125=180
How can I find x?
-125-125
B1: m 4=x
m 4=55
alternate interior angles
How can I find the m 4?
B1: m 4=x
B2: m 4+125=180
55=x
consecutive angles

(Sometimes a very hard looking


problem can have an easy solution.)

s1+s2=s3
4+7>11
11>11 false!
no triangle
s1+s2=s3
4+3>6
7>6 true
triangle

s1+s2=s3
2+5>9
7>9 False!
no triangle

s1+s2=s3
7+7>13
14>13 true
triangle

s1+s2=s3
6+10>12
16>12 true
triangle

s1+s2=s3
21+18>34
39>34 true
triangle

s1+s2=s3
8+9>17
17>17 false
no triangle

s1+s2=s3
45+46>91
91>91 false
no triangle

s1+s2=s3
48+52>80
100>80 true
triangle

s1+s2=s3
36+25>61
61>61 false
no triangle

s1+s2=s3
86+76>128
162>128 true
triangle

s1+s2=s3
25+48>70
73>70 true
triangle

s1+s2=s3
69+71>133
140>133 true
triangle

s1+s2=s3
12+6>18
18>18 false
no triangle

s1+s2=s3
41+24>70
65>70 false
no triangle

s1+s2=s3
2+13>19
15>19 false
no triangle

s1+s2=s3
7+15>23
22>23 false
no triangle

s1+s2=s3
19+25>43
44>43 true
triangle

s1+s2=s3
38+57>96
95>96 false
no triangle

s1+s2=s3
156+75>231
231>231 false
no triangle

s1+s2=s3
333+222>444
555>444 true
triangle

s1+s2=s3
9+11>18
20>18 true
triangle

s1+s2=s3
156+120>391
276>391 false
no triangle

s1+s2=s3
16+2>18
18>18 false
no triangle

max.=4+3=7
min.=4-3=1
1in<s3<7in

max.=15+20=35
min.=20-15=5
5m<s3<35m

max.=9+47=56
min.=47-9=38
38mm<s3<56mm

max.=63+47=110
min.=63-47=16
16km<s3<110km

max.=8+11=19
min.=11-8=3
3cm<s3<19cm

max.=21+29=50
min.=29-21=8
8ft<s3<50ft

max.=13+36=49
min.=36-13=23
23mi<s3<49mi

max.=13+47=60
min.=47-13=34
34cm<s3<60cm

max.=66+65=131
min.=66-65=1
1yd<s3<131yd

max.=59+77=132
min.=77-55=22
22m<s3<132m

max.=12+53=65
min.=53-12=41
41ft<s3<65ft

max.=13+86=99
min.=86-13=73
73mm<s3<99mm

max.=11+11=22
min.=11-11=0
0in<s3<22in

max.=92+64=156
min.=92-64=28
28km<s3<156km

max.=83+58=141
min.=83-58=25
25m<s3<141m

max.=25+53=78
min.=53-25=28
28ft<s3<78ft

SSS
AAS

HL
SAS

ASA
SAS

AAS

ASA

SSS

HL

BC EF given
C F given
AC DF given
So ABC
by SAS.

AB TN given
BT ON given
AT TO given
So BAT
by SSS.

NTO

DEF

G J given
GH JK given
H K given
So GHI JKL
by ASA.

BY FN given
BA FE given
AY EN given
So BAT
by SSS.

EF OW given
E O given
ED OC given
So DEF
by SAS.

COW

UW ZX given
X W given
VW YX given
So UVW
by SAS.

YXZ

TON

Q T given
QR TU given
R U given
So QRS
by ASA.

TUV

C E given
A D given
AB DF given
So ABC
by AAS.

DEF

Vertical Angles
Shared Line

CA BD given
CAD ADB given
AD AD shared line
So CAD
by SAS.

BDA

So PQR
P T given
by ASA.
PR RT given
PRQ SRT vertical

Shared Line

HO HE given
OP EP given
HP HP shared line

Shared Line

So HOP
by SSS.

BDA CAD given


AD AD shared line
BAD CDA given
So ABD
by ASA.

Shared Line

TSR

HEP

DCA

Vertical Angles

not congruent

alternate
interior angles

ASS

B E
BC CE
BCA
Vertical

Vertical Angles
not congruent

ASS

Shared Line

Alt. Int
given
ECD
angles

So ABC
by ASA.

DEC

PS PS shared line
PQ RS given
So PQS
by HL.

SRP

AB CD given
ABC DCB given
CB CB shared line
So ABC
by SAS.

DCB

Shared line

N M given
NO MO given
LOM PON
Vertical angles
So LMO
by ASA.

PNO

Vertical Angles
Corresponding
Angles

TA TA shared line
TS TR given

TVU VWX
Corresponding
U X given
TV VW given
So TUV
by AAS.

VXW

not congruent

ASS

So STA
by HL.

TRA

Shared Line

B D Alt. Int
BC DC given
BCA ECD
Vertical angles
So ABC
by ASA.

DEC

Vertical Angles

AE BF given
EC BD given
AF AF shared line
So ACE
by SSS.

Shared line

HFDB

not congruent
not enough info

Vertical Angles
ACB DCE
Vertical angles
A E given
BC DC given
So ABC
by AAS.

EDC

ED ID given
JI EJ given
JD JD shared line
So EJD
by SSS.

IJD

Shared Line
Vertical Angles

PQO QSR
Corresponding
O R given
PO QR given

A E Alt. Int
AD ED given
VDA EDR
Vertical angles

So POQ
by AAS.

So VAD
by ASA.

QRS

Corresponding
Angles
DA KA given
DAR KAR given
AR AR shared line
So DAR
by SAS.

KAR

Shared Line

not congruent

ASS

RED

Alternate Interior
Angles
Shared Line
SD SD shared line
SI SE given
So SDI
by HL.

SDE

UL EK given
ULK LKE given
LK LK shared line
So ULK
by SAS.

EKL

Shared Line

True the triangles


are congruent, so
BC EF because
CPCTC.

False.... the triangles


may not be congruent.

True, the triangles


are congruent by
SAS, so C
F
because CPCTC.

True, the triangles


are congruent by
ASA, so ON RQ
because CPCTC.

True, the triangles


are congruent by
ASA. So D
B
because CPCTC.
False.... the
triangles are
congruent by
SSS, but the
parts don't
correspond.
They aren't
the same part.

False.... the triangles


may not be congruent.

False.... the
triangles are
congruent, but
the parts don't
correspond.
They aren't
the same part.

False.... the triangles


may not be congruent.

False.... the triangles


may not be congruent.

False.... the triangles


may not be congruent.

True the triangles


are congruent by
SAS. So TX VW
because CPCTC.

AC=DF CPCTC
x=7

Unsolvable, the
triangles may not be
congruent.

The triangles are


congruent by ASA, and
AB=ED CPCTC.
x=17

Unsolvable, the
triangles may not be
congruent.

m G=m J CPCTC
x=35

VU=YZ CPCTC
x=12

The triangles are congruent by


SSS, and
m GJH=m IJH CPCTC.
x=46

Unsolvable, the
triangles are
congruent by ASA,
but the parts are not
corresponding.

C=m F CPCTC
x+11=2x+4
-x
-x
11=x+4
-4 -4
7=x

Unsolvable, the
triangles are
congruent by ASA,
but the parts are not
corresponding.

he triangles are
congruent by SAS
AB=DC CPCTC
2x+5=2x-8
-x
-x
5=x-8
+8
+8
12=x

he triangles are
congruent by SAS
QO=MO CPCTC
4x+7=5x+3
-4x
-4x
7=x+3
-3 -3
4=x

Unsolvable, the
triangles may not be
congruent.

he triangles are
congruent by SSS
m V=m Y CPCTC
x+57=2x-29
-x
-x
57=x-29
+29 +29
86=x

Unsolvable, the
triangles may not be
congruent.

he triangles are
congruent by SSS
m V=m T CPCTC
2x-21=3x-47
-2x
-2x
-21=x-47
+47 +47
26=x

3
5

2
5

4 =
10

6
=
24

1
4

21
=
49

3
7

6
=
8

3
4

7
=
35

1
5

18
=
27

2
3

26
=
52

1
2

2
=
3

8
x

2(x)=3(8)
2x=24
2 2
x=12

x
2
= 18
7
7(x)=2(18)
7x=36
7 7
x=5.14

x
6
= 32
11
11(x)=6(36)
11x=192
11 11
x=17.45

x
4
= 9
7
7(x)=4(9)
7x=36
7 7
x=5.14

x
4
= 12
5
5(x)=4(12)
5x=48
5 5
x=9.6

x
5
= 26
13
13(x)=5(26)
13x=130
13 13
x=10

9
10
=
12
x
9(x)=12(10)
9x=120
9
9
x=13.33

5
2
=
x
15
2(x)=15(5)
2x=75
2 2
x=37.5

5
4
=
8
x
5(x)=4(8)
5x=32
5 5
x=6.4

8
7
=
x
14
x
1
= 8
2
7(x)=14(8)
7x=112
7 7
x=16

x
2
= 73
5
5(x)=73(2)
5x=146
5 5
x=29.2

3
5
=
x+3
20
3
1
=
x+3
4
1(x+3)=4(3)
x+3=12
-3 -3
x=9

x
6
= 15
18
x
1
= 15
3
3(x)=1(15)
3x=15
3 3
x=5

x
13
= 29
21
21(x)=13(29)
21x=377
21 21
x=17.95

6
4
=
15
x+4
6(x+4)=15(4)
6x+24=60
-24 -24
6x=36
6
6
x=6

8
22
=
x
58
8
11
=
x
29
11(x)=29(8)
11x=232
11 11
x=21.09

3
9
=
4
x
3(x)=4(9)
3x=36
3 3
x=12in

2
136
=
3
x
2(x)=3(136)
2x=408
2
2
x=204cm

12
4
=
x
8
1
13
=
2
x

1(x)=2(13)
x=26in

5
10
=
7
x

5(x)=7(10)
5x=70
5
5
x=14in

12
4
=
x
7
4(x)=7(12)
4x=84
4 4
x=21m

3
54
=
8
x
3(x)=8(54)
3x=432
3
3
x=144in

x
6
=
46
30
x
1
=
46
5

6
27
=
9
x
2
27
=
3
x

5(x)=1(46)
5x=46
5 5
x=9.2in

2(x)=3(27)
2x=81
2 2
x=40.5in

3
1
AB
DF DE EF
=
=
9
3 So... AC = AB = BC
DE
1
BC = 4
=
3
EF
12
So...ABC~DEF
1
CA = 5
=
by SSS
3
15
FD

O
M

R MNO~PQR by AA
P

3
6
DE
=
=
7
14
AB
3
BC
15
=
=
7
EF
35

DE BC
So... AB =
EF
and... E B
So...ABC~DEF by
SAS

3
6
SU
SU ST TU
=
=
4 So... VX = VW = WX
8
VX
3
ST = 9
=
4
VW 12
So...SUT~VWX
3
TU
= 12 =
by SSS
4
WX 16

8
2
IH
IH GI GH
=
=
=
=
So...
20
5
KL
KL JL JK
2
GI = 10
=
5
JL
25
So...GHI~JKL
2
GH = 12
=
by SSS
5
JK
30

M M same angle
MON MQP corresponding
MNO MPQ corresponding

MNO~MPQ by AAA
or...
MNO~MPQ by AA

ABC~ADE
by AAA
or...
ABC~ADE
by AA

A A same angle
ACB AED corresponding
ABC ADE corresponding

3
6
VX
=
=
4 So... the triangles
8
SU
3
VW = 9
are not similar.
=
4
12
ST
1
XW = 12
=
2
TU
24

GHI~GJK
by AAA
or...
GHI~GJK
by AA

G G same angle
GIH GKJ corresponding
GHI GJK corresponding
6
2
ST
=
=
9
3
SV
SU = 8
2
=
SW 12
3
ST SU
=
SV SW
and... S S
shared angle
So...

MN
=
NP
QN =
NO

6
1
=
12
2

MN QN
So... NP =
NO
5
1 and... MNQ ONP
=
10
2 vertical angles
So... MNQ~PON by SAS

So...SUT~SWV by SAS

C DBE Corresponding
ABC E Corresponding
G J Alternate Interior
K I Alternate Interior
GHK IHJ Vertical

ABC~DEB by AA

GHK~IHJ by AAA
or...
GHK~IHJ by AA
M M same angle
MON MQP
Corresponding
MNO MPQ
Corresponding
GHI~GJK
by AAA
or...
GHI~GJK
by AA

5
10
AB
AB EB
=
=
11 So... BD = BC
22
BD
and... ABE CBD
EB = 20
5
=
BC
11 Vertical Angles
44
So...ABE~CBD by SAS

UT
=
WV
WS =
UV

5
15
=
8
24
5
20
=
8
32

AB EF
So... DE =
BC
and... U W
So...ABC~DEF by
SAS

3
6
LJ
LJ JK KL
=
=
7 So... IG = GH = HI
14
IG
3
JK = 12
=
7
GH
28
So...GHI~JKL
3
KL = 15
=
by SSS
7
HI
35

A D Alternate Interior
E C Alternate Interior
ABE CBD Vertical
ABE~CBD by AAA
or...
ABE~CBD by AA

MNO~MPQ
by AAA
or...
MNO~MPQ
by AA

M M same angle
MON MQP Corresponding
MNO MPQ Corresponding

2
10
DE
DE EF CA
=
=
=
=
So...
9
45
AB
AB BC FD
2
EF = 12
=
9
BC
54
So...ABC~DEF
2
CA = 14
=
by SSS
9
FD
63

3
12
LJ
=
=
5
15
IG
3
JK = 15
=
5
GH
25
4
LK = 24
=
5
IH
30

WT
=
UV
TU =
VS

So...the triangles
are not similar

5
10
=
8
16
6
8

G J
H K
I L
All angles

3
4

So...The triangles are


not similar

GHI~JKL by AAA
or...
GHI~JKL by AA
of equilateral triangles are 60.

4
42 16
= 2=
5
25
5

3 2 32
9
= 2=
8
64
8

27 27
3
=3
=
64 64
4

2 2 22
4
= 2=
7
7
49

3
9 9
=
=
49 49 7

1
13
1
= 3=
3
3
27

7 3 73 343
= 3=
8
8
512

25 25
5
=
=
64 64
8
5 3 53 125
=
8 = 83 512

5 2 52 25
= 2=
9
9
81

25 25
5
=
=
36 36
6

5 3 53 125
= 3=
6
6
216

64 64
=3
= 4
729 729
9
2

4
42 16
= 2=
9
81
9

27 27
3
=3
=
125 125
5

5 2 52 25
=
=
11 112 121

3 2 32
9
= 2=
5
25
5

1 1
=3
= 1
343 343
7

27 27
3
=3
=
512 512
8
2

3
9
3
= 2=
8
64
8
2

125 125 = 5
=3
1728 1728 12
5 2 52 25
=
=
12 122 144

20=2x
2
2
10=x

Corresponding Angles
x=57

x=2(14)
x=28

Corresponding Angles
x=49

Corresponding Angles
17=x

x=2(18)
x=36

x=71

13=x

x+7=2(x-4)
x+7=2x-8
-x
-x
7=x-8
+8 +8
15=x

x+15=2(x-10)
x+15=2x-20
-x
-x
15=x-20
+20 +20
35=x

x+13=2x-21
-x
-x
13=x-21
+21 +21
34=x

2x+17=4x-19
-2x
-2x
17=2x-19
+19
+19
36=2x
2 2
18=x

x+13=2(x-7)
x+13=2x-14
-x
-x
13=x-14
+14
+14
27=x

x+15=2x-27
-x
-x
15=x-27
+27 +27
42=x

x+7=2x-9
-x
-x
7=x-9
+9 +9
16=x

x+63=2x-19
-x
-x
63=x-19
+19
+19
82=x

If you practice then you will gain


more skill.

If you click on a hyperlink then


you will go to a new web page.

If it is your birthday then you will


If two lines intersect at right
get presents.
angles then they are perpendicular.

If you drink and drive then you


will go to jail.

If you know how to use logic then


people will think you are smart.
If the diagonals of a quadrilateral
bisect each other then it is a
rhombus.

If angles are vertical then they are


always equal.

If parallel lines are cut by a transversal then


consecutive angles are supplementary.

If you leave a can of soda open


then it will go flat.

If it is a healthy dog then it has 4


If two sides of a right triangle are paws.
3in and 4in then the hypotenuse
is 5in.
If it is a triangle then its area is
base times height divided by two.

If a figure is a square then its


perimeter is 4 times its side
length.

If it is an isosceles triangle then it


has two equal sides and two equal
angles.

If there is a single point on a line


then only one perpendicular line
can be drawn from it.

If all three sides of one

triangles are the same lengths as all three from

another then the triangles are congruent..

If you steal vegetables from


farmer Maggot then he will chase
after you.

C
She lost her patients.

Angle A is acute.

38

Circle A and B are


concentric.

Joe eats ice cream.

4x=12

It will sing.

It is cold.
Corresponding angles are congruent

Dad will ask you to mow.

I will lose my hearing

an angle that measures 85

an Emperor Penguin

a rocket

Mathew McConehey

a triangle

x=2

a student at NYU

a sparrow

7 nickles

two 90 angles that are not


alternate interior

they could be 50and 110


someone who lives in
Colorado Springs

an isosceles triangle

20

11 times 21 is 231

a convenience store
a square

cherry pie

If a figure is a rhombus then it is

a square.

If a figure is not a square then it is


not a rhombus.
If a figure is not a rhombus then it is
not a square.
If we need a cage then there
are ten lions.
If there are not ten lions then
we don't need a cage.
If we don't need a cage
then there aren't ten lions.

If a triangle has two


congruent angles then it is isoceles.
If a triangle is not isoceles
then it doesn't have two congruent
angles.
If a triangle doesn't have
two congruent angles then it is not
Isocleles.

If a figure is a trapezoid
then it is a parallelogram.
If a figure is not a
parallelogram then it is not a
trapezoid.
If a figure is not a
trapezoid then it is not a
parallelogram.

If we put on our tuxedo's


then it is 6:00.
If it is not 6:00 then we don't
put on our tuxedo's.
If we don't put on our
tuxedo's then it is not 6:00.

If x=1 then 5x+6=11.


If 5x+611 then x1.
If x1 then 5x+611.

If an angle measures 90
then it is a right angle.
If an anlgle is not a right
angle then it does not measure 90.
If an angle does not
measure 90 then it is not a right
angle.

If lines intersect at right


angles then they are perpendicular.
If lines aren't perpendicular
then they don't intesect at right
angles.
If lines don't intersect
at right angles then they are not
perpendicular.

If two angles add to 90then they are


complementary. - True
If two angles aren't complementary
then they don't add to 90. - True
If two angles don't add to 90 then
they aren't complementary. -true

If a figure is a triangle then


it is a right triangle. -false
an
obtuse triangle.
If a figure is not a right
triangle then it is not a triangle -false
an acute triangle.
If a figure is not a
triangle then it is not a right triangle
-true

If two lines in a plane are


parallel then they never intersect.
-true
If two lines in a plan intersect
then they aren't parallel. -true

If an animal has whiskers


then it is cat -False
a walrus
If an animal is not a cat
then it doesn't have whiskers -False
a walrus
If an animal does not
have whiskers then it is not a cat true

If two angles add to 180


then they are supplementary. - True
If two angles aren't
supplemenetary then they don't add
to 180. - True
if two angles don't add
to 180 they they aren't
supplemenetary - True

If two angles have the same measure


then they are congruent. - True
If two angles aren't congruent then
they don't have the same measure.
-True

If two lines in a plane


are not parallel then they intersect.
-true

If two angles don't have


the same measure then they aren't
congruent. - True

If two angles are equal then


they are vertical. -False
corresponding angles
If two angles are not vertical
then they are not equal. -False
corresponding angles
If two angles are not
equal then they are not vertical. -true

If two segments have the


same measure then they are
congruent - True
If two segments aren't
congruent then they don't have the
same measure - True
If two segments don't
have the same measure then they
aren't congruent - True

If two angles are adjacent


then they are a linear pair.
If a triangle has two
congruent sides then it is isoceles.
Iff a triangle is Isoceles then it has two
congruent sides.
If a triangle contains one
right angle then it is a right tirangle.

If AC+CB=AB on a line then


C is between A and B.
Iff C is between A and B on a line then
AC+CB=AB.

Iff a triangle is a right triangle then it


contains one right angle.
If a fish eats other fish then it
is a shark.
a baracuda

If two angles are


supplementary then they add to 180.
Iff two angles add to 180 then they
are supplementary.

If s1+s2>s3 then the figure is


a triangle.
If a figure's perimeter is 4
times its side then it is a square.

Iff a figure is a triangle then s1+s2>s3.

Iff a figure is a square then it's


perimeter is 4 times it's side.

If a triangle has three


congruent sides then it is equilateral.
Iff a triangle is equilateral then it has
three congruent sides.
If a figure is a polygon then it
is a rectangle.
an octagon

If an animal is a mammal
then it is a cow.
a goat
If two angles are equal then
they are vertical.
two 30 angles that are not vertical

Working backwards we must ask the key


question..."How can we show that two triangles
are congruent?" The answer? A triangle
congruence theorem like SSS, SAS, ASA, AAS,
or HL. This gives us B1 ABC DEF by some
property, but which one. Then start working
forward. Listing all of the given information
gives two pairs of congruent angles B E and
C F and included sides AC DF. This gives
us ABC DEF by ASA and the proof is
complete.
(Your answer may read slightly different.)

Working backwards we must ask the key


question..."How can we show that two triangles
are congruent?" The answer? A triangle
congruence theorem like SSS, SAS, ASA, AAS,
or HL. This gives us B1 ABC DEF by some
property, but which one? Then start working
forward. listing all of the given information
gives AB BD. BC BC by the reflexive
property, because it is a shared line. This gives
us ABC DEF by HL which is B1 and the
proof is complete.
(Your answer may read slightly different.)
Working backwards we must ask the key
question..."How can we show that two
triangles are congruent?" The answer?
A triangle congruence theorem like SSS.
SAS, ASA, AAS, or HL this gives us B1
ABC DEF by some property, but
which one? Then start working
forward. Listing all of the given
information gives AB is parallel to ED
and AC EC. When we see parallel lines
we should look for alternate interior, or
corresponding angles. In this case A E
will give us ASA, because ACB and
DCE are vertical angles. This gives us
ABC DEF by ASA and the proof is
complete.

AC DF
BC DF
ABC DEF

AE bisects BD
DC BC

PQ RS
PQS RSQ
Given
ASA

Given
Given
Given

L N
LOM NMO
MO MO

Given
Vertical Angles
AAS

PQ ST
PQR TSR

Reflexive Property
SAS

Given
AAS

Given
Alternate Interior
Vertical Angles

M O
MPL NPO
MPL NPO

PQ SU
QR ST
PR TU

Given

AB DC

Vertical Angles

Given

Given
SSS

C is the M.P. of BE
BC EC

Reflexive Property
HL

MN ON
LMN PON

Given
Given

SP bisects QT
QRP

SRT

Definition of Bisect
SAS

MO MO
LMO NOM

PS PS

AB DE
B D
ABC DCE

Given
Reflexive Property
HL

AB DC
AC DF
ABC DCE

Given
Given

LP Bisects MO
LO MP

ASA

L P
LNO MNP
LNO MNP

Given
Definition of Bisect
Vertical Angles

SAS

Given

Q is the MP of PR
PS QT
PQ RQ

Given
SSS

Statements
1. AB DE
2. AC DF
3. A D
4. ABC DEF

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Given
4. SAS

Statements
1. PQ TU
2. P T
3. Q U
4. PQR TUS

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Given
4. ASA

Statements
1. JK MN
2. KL NO
4. JKL MNO

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
4. HL

Statements
1. AB DF
2. BC DE
3. AC EF
4. ABC FDE

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Given
4. SSS

Statements
1. P S
2. Q T
3. QR TU
4. PQR STU

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Given
4. AAS

Statements
1. J M
2. JK MN
3. K N
4. JKL MNO

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Given
4. ASA

Statements
1. AB CD
2. ABD CDB
3. BD BD
4. ABD CDB

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Reflexive Property
4. SAS

Statements
1. LM JM
2. KM KM
4. JKL MNO

Reasons
1. Given
2. Reflexive Propety
4. HL

Statements
1. PS QR
2. PQ SR
3. PR PR
4. PRS RPQ

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Reflexive Property
4. SSS

Statements
1. PR TR
2. P T
3. PRQ SRT
4. PQR TUS

Statements
1. AB ED
2. A D
3. BCA ECD
4. ABC DCE

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Alternate Interior
4. ASA

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Vertical
4. AAS

Statements
1. JN bisects ML
2. M L
3. JKM NKL
4. MK LK
5. MJK LNM

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Vertical Angles
4. Def. of Bisect
5. AAS

Statements
1. C is the M.P. of AE
2. BA DE
3. A E
4. AC EC
5. ABC EDC

Statements
1. K N
2. JK MN
3. KL NO
4. ABC EDC

Statements
1. PQ RS
2. PR QS
2. RPS QSP
3. RSP QPS
4. PS PS
5. RPS QSP

Reasons
Statements
1. Given
1. R is the MP of PT
2. Given
2. P T
3. Given
3. PRQ TRS
4. Def. of Midpoint
4. PR TR
5. SAS
4. PQR TSR

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Given
4. SAS

Reasons
1. Def of Parallelogram
2. Def. of Parallelogram
2. Alternate Interior
3. Alternate Interior
4. Relexive Property
5. ASA

Statements
1. BA CD
2. ADB CDB
3. ABD CDB
4. BD BD
5. ABD CDB

Statements
1. KN bisects JM
2. JK MN
3. ML JL
4. J M
5. KLJ MLN
5. JKL MNL

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Given
4. Def. of M.P.
4. ASA

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Alternate Interior
4. Reflexive Property
5. ASA

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Def. of Bisect
4. Alternate Interior
5. Vertical Angles
5. ASA

Working backwards, the statement "Prove: M P"


begs the key question, "How can we show two angles
from two different triangles are congruent?" The
answer? CPCTC. This means that if we can prove the
triangles are congruent then M P, because they are
corresponding parts of congruent triangles. So B1 is
M P by CPCTC. This then begs the second key
question, "How can I show two triangles are
congruent?" This means B2 will be
MNO PQR by
some congruence property, but which one? Now we
work forward and see we have. MN PQ, NO QR, and
OM RP Given. This means MNO PQR by SSS
which is B2 and the proof is complete.

Working backwards, the statement "Prove:


ST VT" begs the key question ,"How can we show
two segments from two different triangles are
congruent?" The answer? CPCTC. This means
that if we can prove the triangles are congruent
then ST VT, because they are corresponding
parts of congruent triangles. So, B1is ST VT by
CPCTC. This then begs the second key question,
"How can I show two triangles are congruent?"
This means B2 will be
STU VUT by some
congruence property. Which one? Now we work
forward and see we have SU UV given. We also
see these are right triangles and that TU is a
shared side so... MNO PQR by HL, which is B2,
and the proof is complete.

Working backwards, the statement "Prove:


BC DC" begs the key question, "How can we
show two segments from two different
triangles are congruent?" The answer?
CPCTC. This means that if we can prove
the triangles are congruent then BC DC
because they are corresponding parts of
congruent triangles. So B1 is BC DC by
CPCTC. This then begs the second key
question, "How can I show two triangles are
congruent?" This means B2 will be
STU VUT by some congruence property.
Which one? Now we work forward and see
we have AB DE, and C is the midpoint of
AE Given. We know to look for alternate
interior or corresponding angles when we
see parallel lines, and we see BAC DEC.
and AC EC because C is the midpoint. We
also see vertical angles ACB DCE so... This
means ABC DEF by ASA, which is B2,
and the proof is complete.

MNP
G

GHI KLJ

ST VU
TV TV
STV UVT

GH JI
GHI JIK
GHI JIK

Given

MP NO

OPN

Given
Reflexive Property
SAS

CPCTC

AC CE
DC BC
CPCTC

Given
Given
Midpoint
CPCTC

MP NP

MO ON

Given
Alternate Interior
SAS
CPCTC

Given
Reflexive Property
HL
CPCTC

TU TU
STU VUT
ST UV

Given
Reflexive Property

AB DE
AE bisects BD
BC CD

GH IJ
G JIK
STU VUT
GIH IKJ

ST WV
ST VW
STU WVU
STU VUW
SU WU

Given
Given
ASA

Vertical Angles
CPCTC

Alternate Interior
Vertical
ASA
CPCTC

AC EC

GH IJ

Given

Given

MN PO
NMO

Alternate Interior

POM

PMO NOM
PM ON

AC CE
STU VUT
A DCE

Reflexive Property
CPCTC

Given
Given
SSS
CPCTC

Statements
1. GH JK
2. HI KL
3. IG LJ
4. ABC EDC
5. I L

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Given
4. SSS
5. CPCTC

Statements
1. U V
2. T W
3. TU VW
4. STU WVX
5. S X

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Given
4. ASA
5. CPCTC

Statements
1. GH JI
2. GHJ IJH
3. JH JH
4. GHJ IJH
5. GJ HI

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Reflexive Property
4. SAS
5. CPCTC

Statements
1. N P
2. M Q
3. MO QR
4. MNO QPR
5. O R

Statements
1. AC EF
2. AB ED
3. STU WVX
4. BC FD

Statements
1. MN NO
2. MP OP
3. NP NP
4. MNP ONP
5. O M

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Given
4. AAS
5. CPCTC

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. HL
4. CPCTC

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Reflexive Property
4. SSS
5. CPCTC

Statements
1. TU WU
2. T W
3. TUS WUV
4. GHJ IJH
5. TS WV

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Vertical Angles
4. ASA
5. CPCTC

Statements
1. HG JI
2. GI IK
3. HIG JKI
4. HGI JIK
4. ABC DEC
5. C F

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Given
4. Corresponding
4. ASA
5. CPCTC

Statements
1. TS VW
2. TU WU
3. STU VWU
4. TUS WUV
4. STU VWU
5. TS VW

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Alternate Interior
4. Vertical
4. ASA
5. CPCTC

Statements
1. AB DE
2. B E
3. BCA DCE
4. ABC DEC
5. AC DC

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Vertical Angles
4. AAS
5. CPCTC

Statements
1. MN PO
2. MP NO
3. PN PN
4. ABC DEC
5. M O

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Reflexive Property
4. SSS
5. CPCTC

Statements
1. AB DE
2. CBD ADB
3. ABD CDB
4. BD BD
5. STU VWU
6. BC AD

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Alternate Interior
4. Reflexive Property
5. ASA
6. CPCTC

Working backward we must ask the


key question. "How can we show two
triangles are similar?" The answer?
Use a similarity property such as SSS,
SAS, or AA (AAA). That leads us to
B1: JGI~ KGH by one of these
properties. But which one? We need
to start working forward. We see MN,
PR and ON,QR are proportional and
N R in the given information. This
gives us JGI~ KGH by SAS, which is
B1, and the proof is complete!

Working backward we must ask the


key question. "How can we show two
triangles are similar?" The answer?
Use a similarity property such as SSS,
SAS, or AA (AAA). That leads us to
B1: JGI~ KGH by one of these
properties. But which one? We need
to start working forward we see
S W in the given information. We
also see vertical angles SUV TUW
This gives us JGI~ KGH by AA,
which is B1, and the proof is
complete!

Working backward we must ask the


key question. "How can we show two
triangles are similar?" The answer?
Use a similarity property such as SSS,
SAS, or AA (AAA). That leads us to
B1: JGI~ KGH by one of these
properties. But which one? We need
to start working forward we see AB is
parallel to DC in the given
information. This gives us two pairs of
corresponding angles
CDE, and
DCE. This gives us ABE~ DCE
by AA, which is B1, and the proof is
complete!

Given
AA

Given
N

SAS

AB BC AC
=
=
DE EF DF

ST TU US
=
=
WV VX VW

STU~WVX

GK HJ
K HJI

Corresponding Angles
AA

MQ OP
MNQ

PNO

Alternate Interior
AA

Vertical Angles
AA

A DBC
E BDC
ACE~BCD

GH HI
=
JK KL
H

SAS

NQM

STU~VWX

Equilateral Triangles
Equilateral Triangles

NOP

Given
Corresponding Angles

Given
Alternate Interior
AA

Reflexive Property
AA

Statements
1.

GH GI
=
KJ JL

Reasons
1. Given

Statements
1. M P
2. O Q
3. GHJ~IJH

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. AA

Reasons

2. G J
3. GHJ~IJH

2. Given
3. ASA

Statements

Reasons

ST
TU
=
VW WX

Statements

1. Given

1.

1.

2. T W
2. Given
3. STU~VWX 3. SAS

Statements
1. GK HJ
2. G JHI
Corresponding
3. K HJI
4. GKI~HJI

Reasons
1. Given
2.
3. Corresponding
4. AA

AB BC CA
=
=
FD DE EF

1. Given

2. ABC~DEF 2. SSS

Statements

Reasons

NO PO
=
QO MO

1. Given

1.

2. NOM POQ
3. MNO~PQO

2. Vertical Angles
3. SAS

Statements
1. S UTV
2. U U
3. SUW~TUV

Reasons
1. Given
2. Reflexive Property
3. AA

Statements

Reasons

1. GH JK
2. HGI JKI
3. GIH JIK
4. GHI~KJI

1.
2.
3.
4.

Statements

Reasons

1. S V
2. T W
3. U X
3. STU~VWX

1.
2.
3.
3.

Given
Alternate Interior
Vertical
AA

Equilateral Triangle
Equilateral Triangle
Equilateral Triangle
AAA

Statements
1. AB DC
2. ACB E
3. B DCE
4. ABC~DCE

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
3. Corresponding
4. AA

Statements
Reasons
1. MQ NP
1. Given
2. M PNO
2. Corresponding
3. Q NPO
3. Corresponding
4. QMO~PNO4. AA

Statements
1.

AB AC
=
DC CE

2. AB CD
2. A DCB
3. GHJ~IJH

Reasons
1. Given
2. Given
2. Corresponding
3. SAS

An angle is obtuse if it is less than 90.

A square doesn't have four sides.

Two angles that are supplementary


don't add to 180.
A school is not a place you can learn
things.

A right angle doesn't measure 90.

Parallel lines in a plane intersect.

A polygon has 2 sides.

A parallelogram has only one pair of


parallel sides.

Lines in a plane intersect in two points. The area of a triangle is not one half its
base times its height.

A triangle has 4 or more sides.

Lines in a plane intersect in two points.

This is false because it violates the


definition of a triangle.

This is false because if it were true one


of the lines must be curved. This
violates the definition of a line.

A trapezoid doesn't have a pair of


parallel lines.

An acute angle measures more than


90.

This is false because it violates the


definition of a trapezoid.

This is false because it violates the


definition of an acute angle.

Complementary angles don't add to


90.
This is false because it violates the
definition of complementary angles.

A triangle has two obtuse angles.


This is false because the sum of the
angles of a triangle must be 180. If
two obtuse angles are present then the
sum would have to be greater than
180.

A
O

H
O
A

O
A

H
O

O
A
A

sin41=

O
H

A
A

cos34= A
H

H
O
O
A

cos30= A
H

H
tan28= O
A

O
H
A
O
H

cos19= A
H

A
O

cos75= A
H

6*

x
sin41= 6
x
sin41= 6 *6

19
x
19 *x
x* cos34=
x
x(cos34)= 19
cos34 cos34
cos34=

7
x
7
*x
x* cos30=
x
x(cos30)= 7
cos30 cos30
cos30=

tan28=

6(sin41)=x
6(0.6561)=x
3.94x

19
cos34
19
x=
0.8290
x=

x22.92
7
cos30
7
x=
0.8660
x=

x8.08

x
7

x
7* tan28=
*7
7
7(tan28)=x
7(0.5317)=x
3.72x
31
x
31 *x
x* cos19=
x
x(cos19)= 31
cos19 cos19
cos19=

x
cos75= 18

x
18* cos75= 18 *18

18(cos75)=x
18(0.2588)=x
4.66x

31
cos19
31
x=
0.9455
x=

x32.79

O
tan59=
A

tan45= O
A

A
A

sin37=

O
H

H
A

cos19= A
H

H
O

cos32= A
H

tan12=

O
A

tan59=

x
26

x
26* tan59=26 *26
26(tan59)=x
26(1.6643)=x
43.27x
17
tan45=
x
17 *x
x* tan45=
x
x(tan45)= 17
tan45 tan45
x
sin37= 28
x
28* sin37= 28 *28
28(sin37)=x
28(0.6018)=x
16.85x

5
x
5 *x
x* cos19=
x
x(cos19)= 5
cos19 cos19
cos19=

x
cos32=
13

x
13* cos32=13 *13
13(cos32)=x
13(0.8480)=x
11.02x
x
64
x
64* tan12=64 *64
64(tan12)=x
64(0.2126)=x
13.61x
tan12=

x=
x=

17
tan45
17
1

x=17

5
cos19
5
x=
0.9455
x=

x5.29

O
A

cos73= A
H

H
A
O

O
H

sin48=

O
H

cos26= A
H

sin50=

O
H

tan25= O
A

A
H

37
x
37 *x
x* cos73=
x
x(cos73)= 37
cos73 cos73
cos73=

sin39=

O
H

16
x
16 *x
x* sin48=
x
x(sin48)= 16
sin48 sin48
sin48=

37
cos73
37
x=
0.2924
x=

x126.54
16
sin48
16
x=
0.7431
x=

x21.53

x
cos26=
9
x
9* cos26= 9 *9
9(cos26)=x
9(0.8988)=x
8.09x
x
sin50= 28

x
28* sin50= 28 *28
28(sin50)=x
28(0.7660)=x
21.45x
14
tan25=
x
14 *x
x* tan25=
x
x(tan25)= 14
tan25 tan25

14
tan25
14
x=
0.4663

86
x
86 *x
x* sin39=
x
x(sin39)= 86
sin39 sin39

86
sin39
86
x=
0.6293

sin39=

x=

x30.02

x=

x136.66

O
A

sinx=

O
H

sinx=

15
25

-1
sin-1* sinx=0.6000 *sin

x36.87

x=sin-10.6000

O
H

cosx= A
H

cosx= 9
10
-1
cos-1* cosx=0.9000 *cos

x25.84

x=cos-10.9000

tanx= O
A

tanx=

11
21

tan-1*tanx=0.5238 *tan

-1

x27.65

x=tan-10.5238

O
sinx=

O
H

9
13

-1
sin-1* sinx=0.6923 *sin

x43.81

x=sin-10.6923

tanx= O
A

tanx=

21
18

tan-1* tanx=1.1667 *tan

-1

x49.4

x=tan-11.1667

O
O

sinx=

cosx= A
H

cosx= 25
32
-1
cos-1* cosx=0.7813 *cos

x=cos-10.7813

x38.62

O
tanx= O
A

tanx=

5
8

tan-1* tanx=0.6250 *tan

-1

x32.01

x=tan-10.6250

cosx= A
H

cosx= 15
23
-1
cos-1* cosx=0.6522 *cos

x49.29

x=cos-10.6522

A
O

cosx= A
H

cosx= A
H

sinx=

O
H

cosx= 35
57
-1
cos-1* cosx=0.6140 *cos

x52.12

sinx=

12
16

-1
sin-1* sinx=0.7500 *sin

x48.59

x=sin-10.7500

x53.71

x=cos-10.6140

-1
cos-1* cosx=0.5918 *cos

x=cos-10.5918

A
O

cosx= 29
49

tanx= O
A

tanx=

13
11

tan-1* tanx=1.1818 *tan


x=tan-11.1818

-1

x49.76

Tanx=

8
6

Tanx=

24
7

Tanx=

9
40

Tanx=

10
24

Tanx=

Tanx=

5
12

15
8

Tanx=

11
60

14
48

Tanx=

5
Tanx=
26

Tanx= 211
10

Tanx= 1
3

Tanx=

Tanx= 27
6

Tanx=

Tanx=

12
35

16
15

Tanx=

2
2

11
43

Tanx= 42
7

Tanx=

12
10

sin2x+cos2x=1
sin2x+(6/7)2=1
sin2x+(36/49)=1
-(36/49) -(36/49)
2
sin x=13/49
sin2x=13/49
sinx=13/7

sin x+cos x=1


(5/8)2+cos2x=1
(25/64)+cos2x=1
-(25/64)
-(25/64)
cos2x=39/64
cos2x=39/64
cosx=39/8
2

sin2x+cos2x=1
sin2x+(11/12)2=1
sin2x+(121/144)=1
-(121/144) -(121/144)
2
sin x=23/144
sin2x=23/144
sinx=23/12

sin2x+cos2x=1
sin2x+(4/9)2=1
sin2x+(16/81)=1
-(16/81) -(16/81)
sin2x=65/81
sin2x=65/81
sinx=65/9

sin2x+cos2x=1
(5/7)2+cos2x=1
(25/49)2+cos2x=1
-(25/49)
-(25/49)
cos2x=24/49
cos2x=24/49
cosx=26/7

sin2x+cos2x=1
sin2x+(9/15)2=1
sin2x+(81/225)=1
-(81/225) -(81/225)
sin2x=144/225
sin2x=144/225
sinx=12/15

sin2x+cos2x=1
(5/13)2+cos2x=1
(25/169)+cos2x=1
-(25/169)
-(25/169)
2
cos x=144/169
cos2x=144/169
cosx=12/13

sin2x+cos2x=1
(2/5)2+cos2x=1
(2/25)+cos2x=1
-(2/25)
-(2/25)
2
cos x=23/25
cos2x=23/25
cosx=23/5

sin2x+cos2x=1
sin2x+(3/8)2=1
sin2x+(9/64)=1
-(9/64) -(9/64)
2
sin x=55/64
sin2x=55/64
sinx=55/8
tanx=55/3

sin x+cos x=1


(6/11)2+cos2x=1
(36/121)+cos2x=1
-(36/121)
-(36/121)
cos2x=85/121
cos2x=85/121
cosx=85/11
2

tanx=6/85

sin2x+cos2x=1
(2/7)2+cos2x=1
(4/49)+cos2x=1
-(4/49)
-(4/49)
cos2x=45/49
cos2x=45/49
cosx=35/7
tanx=2/35

sin2x+cos2x=1
(3/4)2+cos2x=1
(3/16)+cos2x=1
-(3/16)
-(3/16)
cos2x=13/16
cos2x=13/16
cosx=13/4
tanx=3/13

sin2x+cos2x=1
sin2x+(4/9)2=1
sin2x+(16/81)=1
-(16/81) -(16/81)
sin2x=65/81
sin2x=65/81
sinx=65/9
tanx=65/4

sin2x+cos2x=1
sin2x+(11/13)2=1
sin2x+(121/169)=1
-(121/169) -(121/169)
sin2x=48/169
sin2x=48/169
sinx=43/13
tanx=43/11

sin2x+cos2x=1
(7/16)2+cos2x=1
(49/256)+cos2x=1
-(49/256)
-(49/256)
cos2x=207/256
cos2x=207/256
cosx=323/16
tanx=7/323

sin2x+cos2x=1
sin2x+(5/5)2=1
sin2x+(5/25)=1
-(5/25) -(5/25)
2
sin x=20/25
sin2x=20/25
sinx=25/5
tanx=25/5

c=a2

x=3
y=32

b=a3

c=2a

x=73
y=14

a
b=a
c=2a
8=2a
2 2
4=a
b=a3

c=2a

y=4
x=43

x=9
y=18

b=a

x=3
y=3
c=a2

b=a3

x=73
y=14

c=2a

b=a3

c=2a
a

x=5
y=5

c=a2

b=a

c=2a
a
b=a3

y=6
x=16

b=a3

c=a2

c=2a

b=a
a

x=3
y=6

y=52
x=522
x=54
x=5*2
x=10

b=a

c=a2

c=2a

b=a3

b=a3

c=2a

b=a

c=a2
y=22

y=82

x=222
x=24
x=2*2
x=4

x=822
x=84
x=8*2
x=16

c=2a
16=2a
2 2
8=a

b=a3
a
c=2a

x=8
y=83

c=2a
9=2a
2 2
4.5=a
y=4.5
x=4.53

c=2a
11=2a
2 2
5.5=a
y=5.5
x=5.53

b=a

y=72

a
c=a2

x=722
x=74
x=7*2
x=14

b=a3

c=a2
a

b=a
c=a2
6=a2
2 2
6 =a
2

6 *2
2 *2

62
4

c=2a

x=32
y=32

62
2
32 =a

b=a3
a

c=2a

b=a3

y=2*53
y=103

x=533
x=59
x=5*3
x=15

b=a

c=2a
c=2a

b=a3

y=2*123
y=243

x=1233
x=129
x=12*3
x=36

b=a3

c=2a

c=a2
c=a2
9=a2
2 2
9 =a
2

b=a3

y=2*73
y=143

x=733
x=79
x=7*3
x=21

92
4

92
2
92 =a
2
c=a2

c=2a

9 *2
2 *2

x=

92
2

y=

92
2

c=a2
12=a2
2 2
12 =a
2

b=a
x=62
y=62

12 *2
2 *2

122
4

122
2
62

c=2a

c=2a

a
b=a3

b=a3

c=2a

b=a3

c=2a

b=a3

163=2x
2
2
83=x

y=833
y=89
y=8*3
y=24

223=2y
2
2
113=y

x=1133
x=119
x=11*3
x=33

c=2a

b=a

c=a2

b=a3
c=2a

b=a3

123=2x
2
2
63=x

y=633
y=69
y=6*3
y=18

c=a2

x=53

y=532
y=56

b=a3
c=a2

c=2a
a

c=a2

c=2a

b=a3

83=2y
2
2
43=y

x=433
x=49
x=4*3
x=12

x=832
x=86
y=83

b=a

O
P
m M+m P=180

FZ HZ
x=11
AB DC
x=8

IZ KZ
x=9

PM MN
x=13

QZ TZ
15=x

x=54

21+x+90=180
111+x=180
-111 -111
x=69

FZ GZ
16=x

72+x=180
-72
-72
x=106
120+x=180
-120
-120
x=60

QR RT

ZUV

x=11

BCZ is a
45-45-90 triangle
x=13

BCZ is a
30-60-90 triangle
2x=30
2
2
x=15

XUZ

x=24

FZ HZ
x=28

MN OP
x=32

QR TS
x+34=2x-17
-x
-x
34=x-17
+17 +17
51=x

BZ DZ
3x+5=x+19
-x
-x
2x+5=19
-5 -5
2x=14
2
2
x=7

2x+4x=180
6x=180
6
6
x=30

QZ SZ
2x+9=x+46
-x
-x
x+9=46
-9 -9
x=37

UX VW
x+9=2x-7
-x
-x
9=x-7
+7 +7
16=x

FG HG
x+40=4x+7
-x
-x
40=3x+7
-7
-7
33=3x
3 3
11=x

POZ is a
45-45-90 triangle
x=112

UX WX
2x+6=x+24
-x
-x
x+6=24
-6 -6
x=18

DZ AZ
x+1=3x-25
-x
-x
1=2x-25
+25
+25
26=2x
2 2
13=x

KIJ LIK
x-13=3x-27
-x
-x
-13=2x-27
+27
+27
14=2x
2 2
7=x

m RQT+m STQ=180
4x-66+2x+36=180
6x-30=180
+30 +30
6x=210
6
6
x=35

AC BD
2x+31=3x+11
-2x
-2x
31=x+11
-11 -11
x=20

x+52=90
-52 52
x=38

MZ OZ
3x+28=x+96
-x
-x
2x+28=96
-28-28
2x=68
2 2
x=34

UW VX
2x+5=x+17
-x
-x
x+5=17
-5 -5
x=12

EHG GFE
x+32=4x-16
-x
-x
32=3x-16
+16
+16
48=3x
3 3
16=x

NZO is a
45-45-90 triangle
x+133=180
-133-133
x=47

QZ SZ
5x+18=3x+34
-3x
-3x
2x+18=34
-18-18
2x=36
2 2
x=8

4x+52+2x-12=180
6x+40=180
-40 -40
6x=140
6
6
x=23 1/3

LZ JZ
2x-39=x-10
-x
-x
x-39=-10
+39 +39
x=29

172=NO
NO=PO
172=x

UW VX
4x-13=2x+35
-2x
-2x
2x-13=35
+13 +13
2x=48
2 2
x=24

x+13=45
-13-13
x=32

NZO is a
30-60-90 triangle
2(x-4)=x-4
2x-8=x-4
-x -x
x-8=-4
+8 +8
x=4

n=8
(n-2)180
(8-2)180
6*180
1,080

n=12
(n-2)180
(12-2)180
10*180
1,800

n=13
(n-2)180
(13-2)180
11*180
1,980

n=4
(n-2)180
(4-2)180
2*180
360

n=10
(n-2)180
(10-2)180
8*180
1,440

n=9
(n-2)180
(9-2)180
7*180
1,260

n=19
(n-2)180
(19-2)180
17*180
3,060

n=7
(n-2)180
(7-2)180
5*180
900

n=9
(n-2)180
n
(9-2)180
8
7*180
9
1,260 =140
9

n=8
(n-2)180
n
(8-2)180
8
6*180
8
1,080 =135
8

n=4
(n-2)180
n
(4-2)180
4
2*180
4
360 =90
4

A Square

n=10
(n-2)180
n
(10-2)180
10
8*180
10
1,440 =144
10

n=19
(n-2)180
n
(19-2)180
19
17*180
19
3,060 =161.05
19

n=7
(n-2)180
n
(7-2)180
7
5*180
7
900 =128.57
7
n=11
(n-2)180
n
(11-2)180
11
9*180
11
1,620 =147.27
11

n=12
(n-2)180
n
(12-2)180
12
10*180
12
1,800 =150
12

(n-2)180=900
180
180
n-2=5
+2 +2
n=7 sides
Heptagon

(n-2)180=3,060
180
180
n-2=17
+2
+2
n=19 sides

19-gon

(n-2)180=3,240
180
180
n-2=18
+2
+2
n=20 sides
20-gon

(n-2)180=3,780
180
180
n-2=21
+2
+2
n=23 sides
23-gon

(n-2)180=1,080
180
180
n-2=6
+2 +2
n=8 sides

Octagon

(n-2)180=3,420
180
180
n-2=19
+2
+2
n=21 sides

21-gon

(n-2)180=2,160
180
180
n-2=12
+2
+2
n=14 sides

14-gon

(n-2)180=2,340
180
180
n-2=13
+2
+2
n=15 sides
15-gon

n=8
(n-2)180
(8-2)180
6*180
1,080
172+131+141+126+154+106+167+x=1080

997+x=1080
-997
-997
x=83

n=7
(n-2)180
(7-2)180
5*180
900
x+x+113+124+169+148+89=900
643+2x=900
-643
-643
2x=257
2
2
x=128.5
n=6
(n-2)180
(6-2)180
4*180
720

x+134+86+x+120+94+x=1,260
434+2x=720
-434
-434
2x=286
2
2
x=143

n=9
(n-2)180
(9-2)180
7*180
1,260

110+173+169+x+168+155+122+175+157=1260

1229+x=1260
-1229 -1229
x=31

n=10
(n-2)180
(10-2)180
8*180
1,440

128+164+154+170+132+90+174+x+148+161=1260

1,321+x=1,440
-1,321 -1,321
x=119

n=9
(n-2)180
n
(9-2)180
9
7*180
9
1,260 =140
9

n=5
(n-2)180
(5-2)180
3*180
540

x+35+x-4+x+46+2x+1+x-18=540
6x+60=720
-60 -60
6x=660
6
6
x=110

n=7
(n-2)180
n
(7-2)180
7
5*180
7
128.57

2x+38=128.57
-38 -38
2x=90.57
2
2
x=45.29

n=8
(n-2)180
n
(8-2)180
8
6*180
8
135
2x-17=135
+17 +17
2x=152
2
2
x=76

n=6
(n-2)180
(6-2)180
4*180
720
x+81+4x-10+x+35+5x-60+3x+23+x+21=720

15x+90=720
-90 -90
15x=630
15 15
x=42

n=10
(n-2)180
n
(10-2)180
10
8*180
10
144

n=9
(n-2)180
(9-2)180
7*180
1,260
x+7+x+10+x+18+x-20+x-36+x+23+x+29+x+11+x-5=720

9x+37=1260
-37 -37
9x=1223
9
9
x=135.89

5x-61=144
+61 +61
5x=205
5
5
x=41

n=5
360
n
360
5
72

n=10
360
n
360
10
36

n=9
360
n
360
9
40

n=11
360
n
360
15
24

n=6
360
n
360
6
60

n=7
360
n
360
7
51.43

n=11
360
n
360
11
32.73

n=12
360
n
360
12
30

360
=15
n
360
n*
=15 *n
n
360=15n
15
15
24=n
24 sides

360
n
360
n*
=20 *n
n
360=20n
20
20
18=n
18 sides

360
n
360
n*
=45 *n
n
360=45n
45
45
8=n
8 sides

360
n
360
n*
=11.25 *n
n
360 = 11.25n
11.25 11.25
32=n
32 sides

360
n
360
n*
=36 *n
n
360=36n
36
36
10=n
10 sides

360
n
360
n*
=9 *n
n
360=9n
9
9
40=n
40 sides

360
n
360
n*
=60 *n
n
360=60n
60
60
6=n
6 sides

360
n
360
n*
=30 *n
n
360=30n
30
30
12=n
12 sides

47+38+88+x+36+97=360
306+x=360
-306 -306
x=54

75+65+45+x+92+29+31=360
337+x=360
-337 -337
x=23

39+84+20+31+25+x+23+18=360
70+63+50+94+82+x=360
240+x=360
359+x=360
-240 -240
-359
-359
x=120
x=1

7+x+37+27+21+23+58+59+21+35=360

288+x=360
-288 -288
x=72

23+71+64+34+56+x+26=360
274+x=360
-274 -274
x=86

n=9
360
n
360
9
40

x+13+x+56+x+13+2x+2x+67+x+18+x+23=360

9x+190=360
-190 -190
9x=170
9
9
x=18.88

2x+28=40
-28-28
2x=12
2
2
x=6

n=10
360
n
360
10
36

3x-15=36
+15+15
3x=51
3
3
x=17

3x+x+12+x+31+2x+x-3=360
8x+40=360
-40 -40
8x=320
8
8
x=40
n=6
360
n
360
6
60

3x-20+x-15+2x-24+3x-9+2x=360
11x-68=360
+68 +68
11x=428
11 11
x=38.91

2x+22=60
-22-22
2x=38
2
2
x=19

D=2r
AC=22

ATC+AC=360
276+AC=360
-276
-276
AC=84

mSRU and
mSTU=180
They are semicircles.

C=2r
C=27
C=1443.98

EF=13 All radii


from the same
circle are equal.

D=2r
28=2r
2 2
14=AH

TN=12 All radii


from the same
circle are equal.

C=D
C=32
C=32100.53

CAN+CN=360
226+CN=360
-226
-226
CN=134

DOW+DW=360
294+DW=360
-294
-294
CN=66

C=2r
C=213
C=2681.68

C=D
C=17
C=1753.41

C=D
C=30
C=3094.25

C=2r
C=224
C=48150.8

OT=43 All radii


from the same
circle are equal.

D=2r
32=2r
2 2
16=UV

C=D
21=NI

21=NI

AN+CN+AF=360
32+94+AF=360
126+AF=360
-126
-126
AF=234

C=2r
22=2IH
2 2
11=IH

C=D
16=HT

16=HT

C=2r
36=2r
2 2
18=VA

OP+PS=180
37+PS=180
-37
-37
PS=143

C=2r
18=2RA
2
2
9=RA

FN+UF+UN=360
168+34+UN=360
202+UN=360
-202
-202
UN=158

2(m C)=mAB
2x=124
2 2
x=62

m H=mGI
139=x

2(m N)=mOM
2x=78
2 2
x=39

m T=mSU
171=x

m E=mDF
x=167

2(m K)=mJL
2(96)=x
192=x

m H=mGI
x=113

2(m W)=mVY
2(90)=x
180=x

2(m D)=mAB
2(32)=mAB
64=mAB
m C=mAB
x=64

2(m K)=mHI
2(25)=mHI
50=mHI
m J=1/2mDF
x=1/2(50)
x=25

2(m R)=mQS
2(51)=mQS
102=mQS
m T=mQS
x=102

m E=mDF
48=mDF
m G=1/2mDF
x=1/2(48)
x=24

m N=mLM
162=mLM
m G=1/2mLM
x=1/2(162)
x=81

2(m W)=mUV
2(41)=mUV
82=mUV
m Y=mUV
x=82

2(m D)=mAC
2(81)=mAC
162=mAC
m B=1/2mAC
x=1/2(162)
x=81

2(m F)=mEH
2(89)=mEH
178=mEH
m G=1/2mEH
x=1/2(178)
x=89

mIJK+mKLI=360
190+mKLI=360
-190
-190
mKLI=170

mPMN+mNOP=360
182+mKJL=360
-182
-182
mNOP=178
m M=1/2mNOP
x=1/2(178)
x=89

m J=1/2mKLI
x=1/2(170)
x=85
mRST+mTQR=360
122+mTQR=360
-122
-122
mTQR=238
m S=1/2mTQR
x=1/2(238)
x=119

2(m C)=mDAB
2(134)=mDAB
268=mDAB
mDAB+mDCB=360
268+mDCB=360
-268
-268
mDCB=92
m A=1/2mDCB
x=1/2(92)
x=46

2(m V)=mUYW
2(68)=mUYW
136=mUYW
mUYW+mUVW=360
136+mUVW=360
-136
-136
mUVW=224
m Y=1/2mUVW
x=1/2(224)
x=112

2(m F)=mEHG
2(123)=mEHG
246=mEHG
mEHG+mEFG=360
246+mEFG=360
-246
-246
mEFG=114
m H=1/2mEFG
x=1/2(114)
x=57

2(m J)=mILK
2(111)=mILK
222=mILK
mILK+mIJK=360
222+mIJK=360
-222
-222
mIJK=138

2(m N)=mMPO
2(141)=mMPO
282=mMPO
mMPO+mMNO=360
282+mMNO=360
-282
-282
mMNO=78

m A=1/2mDCB
x=1/2(138)
x=69

m H=1/2mMNO
x=1/2(78)
x=39

m R=1/2mQS
m R=1/2(48)
m R=24

m Q+m R+m S=180


x+24+65=180
x+89=180
-89 -89
x=91

m Z=1/2mWY
m Z=1/2(32)
m Z=16

m Z+m Y+m W=180


16+73+x=180
89+x=180
-89
-89
x=91
m E=1/2mDF
m E=1/2(120)
m E=60
m E+m F+m D=180
60+90+m D=180
150+m D=180
-150 -150
m D=30
2(m D)=mFE
2(30)=x
60=x

m L=1/2mJK
m L=1/2(248)
m L=124

m L+m K+m J=180


124+24+m J=180
148+m J=180
-148
-148
m J=32
2(m D)=mLK
2(32)=x
64=x

m U=1/2mVT
m U=1/2(142)
m U=71
m U+m T+m V=180
71+65+x=180
136+x=180
-136 -136
x=44

m A=1/2mCB
m A=1/2(146)
m A=73
m A+m C+m B=180
73+87+x=180
160+x=180
-160 -160
x=20
m H=1/2mDF
m H=1/2(106)
m H=53

m H+m G+m I=180


53+94+m I=180
147+m I=180
-147
-147
m I=33
2(m D)=mGH
2(33)=x
66=x
m M=1/2mNO
m M=1/2(124)
m M=62
m M+m N+m O=180
62+x+x=180
62+2x=180
-148
-148
2x=32
2 2
x=16

6x=3*4
6x=12
6 6
x=2

9x=6*3
9x=18
9 9
x=2

2x=12*3
2x=36
2 2
x=18

8x=16*3
8x=48
8 8
x=6

20x=10*8
20x=80
20 20
x=4

16x=12*4
16x=48
16 16
x=3

7x=13*9
7x=117
7 7
x16.71

21x=13*14
21x=182
21
21
x8.67

2(x+1)=5*6
7x+7=30
-7 -7
7x=23
7 7
x3.29

2(x+3)=3*6
2x+6=18
-6 -6
2x=12
2 2
x=6

8(x-3)=4(x+5)
8x-24=4x+20
-4x
-4x
4x-24=20
+24 +24
4x=44
4 4
x=11

2(x+9)=3*13
2x+18=39
-18-18
2x=21
2 2
x=10.5

2(x-6)=1(x+3)
2x-12=x+3
-x
-x
x-12=3
+12 +12
x=15

5(x-2)=4(x+3)
5x-10=4x+12
-4x
-4x
x-10=12
+10 +10
x=22

7(x-7)=6(x+6)
7x-49=6x+36
-6x
-6x
x-49=36
+49 +49
x=85

5(x+5)=5(2x)
5x+25=10x
-5x
-5x
+25=5x
5 5
5=x

AB=AC
10=AC

DE=DF
12=DF

GH=GI
15=GI

MN=MO
x+5=2x-11
-x
-x
5=x-11
+11 +11
16=x

ST=SU
2x+12=3x-8
-2x
-2x
12=x-8
+8 +8
20=x

JK=JL
4=JL

PQ=PR
x+7=2x-9
-x
-x
7=x-9
+9
+9
16=x

VW=VX
x+27=4x+13
-x
-x
27=3x+13
-13
-13
14=3x
3 3
4.67x

13=x

72+132=x2
49+169=x2
218=x2
218=x2
14.76x

52+x2=62
25+x=36
-25 -25
x2=11
x2=11
x3.32

127=x

9=x

3-4-5 right triangle


x=5

18=x

45-45-90 right
triangle
x=92

27+x=90
-27
-27
x=63

34+x=90
-34 -34
x=56

166/2=FG
83=FG

53+x=90
-53 -53
x=37

134/2=mAB
67=mAB

184/2=mMO
92=mMO
mMO+mMN=180
92+x=180
-92
-92
x=88

61+x=90
-61 -61
x=29

154/2=mQR
77=mQR
mQR+mRS=180
77+x=180
-77
-77
x=103

62+x2=92
36+x=81
-36 -36
x2=45
x2=45
x6.71

90+48+x=180
138+x=180
-138 -138
x=42

m JIG+m GIH=90
65+m GIH=90
-65
-65
m GIH=25

142+x2=192
196+x=361
-196 -196
x2=165
x2=165
x12.85

90+38+x=180
128+x=180
-128 -128
x=52

m BAC+m CAF=90
23+m CAF=90
-23
-23
m CAF=67

m QRT+m TRU=90
37+m TRU=37
-37
-37
m TRU=53

3-4-5 rt. triangle


scale factor =3
3*3=9
x=9

312+132=x2
961+169=x2
1130=x2
1130=x2
33.62x

m BDE=149
central angle
m CEB+m BED=90

83+m BED=90
-83
-83
m BED=7
149+7+x=180
156+x=180
-156 -156
x=24
m OML=1/2(180)
m OML=90
m NOM+m MOL=90
32+m MOL=90
-32
-32
m MOL=58
90+58+x=180
148+x=180
-148 -148
x=32
x
8* tan50= 8 *8
8(tan50)=x
8(1.1918)=x
9.53=x

90+65+x=180
155+x=180
-155 -155
x=25

m HGJ=1/2(180)
m HGJ=90
m KJG+m GJH=90
71+m GJH=90
-71
-71
m GJH=19
90+19+x=180
109+x=180
-109 -109
x=71
3-4-5 rt. triangle
scale factor =6
5*6=30
QT=30

m EDB=84central
angle
m ABE+m EBD=90
45+m EBD=90
-45
-45
m EBD=45
84+45+x=180
129+x=180
-129 -129
x=51

120
= 1
360 3
C=2r
C=26
C=12
12
12* 1 =
= 4
3
3
412.57

78 13
=
360 60
C=r2
C=82
C=64
832
64* 13 =
=
60
60
208
43.56
15

135 3
=
360 8
C=2r
C=210
C=20
60
20* 3 =
=
8
8
15 23.56
2

10
= 1
360 36
C=2r
C=213
C=26
26
26* 1 =
=
36
36
13 2.27
18

272 34
=
360 45
C=2r
C=218
C=36
1224
36* 34 =
=
45
45
136
85.45
5

200 5
=
360 9
C=2r
C=234
C=68
340
68* 5 =
=
9
9
340118.68
9

20
= 1
360 18
C=2r
C=27
C=14
14
14* 1 =
=
18
18
7
2.44
9

130 13
=
360 36
C=2r
C=215
C=30
390
30* 13 =
=
36
36
65
34.03
6

90
= 1
360 4
C=2r
C=212
C=24
24
24* 1 =
=
4
4
6 18.85

180 1
=
360 2
C=2r
C=222
C=44
44
44* 1 =
=
2
2
22 69.12

80 2
=
360 9
C=r2
C=22
C=4
8
4* 2 =
9
9
8
2.79ft2
9

90
= 1
360 4
C=r2
C=122
C=144
144* 1 =144 =
4
4
144
113.1cm2
4

320 8
=
360 9
C=r2
C=152
C=225
225* 8 =1800=
9
9

200 628.32m2

276 23
=
360 30
C=r2
C=232
C=529
12167
529* 23 =
=
30
30
12167
1274.13in2
30

140 7
=
360 18
C=r2
C=52
C=25
175
7
25*
=
=
18
18
175
2
18 30.54in

130 13
=
360 36
C=r2
C=192
C=361
361* 1 =361 =
36
36
361
2
36 31.50mm

157 157
=
360 360
C=r2
C=312
C=961
961*157=7688=
360 360
961
2
45 67.09ft

21
7
=
360 120
C=r2
C=72
C=49
49* 7 =343 =
120 120
343
8.98mm2
120

(4,8) (-6,3)
x1 y 1
x2 y 2
x1+x2
y1+y2
2
2
4+(-6) 8+3
2
2
-2
11
2
2
(-1,5.5)=MP

(-3,-9)
x1 y 1

(8,-12)
x2 y 2

x1+x2
y1+y2
2
2
5+(8) -7+(-12)
2
2
13
-19
2
2
(6.5,-8.5)=MP

(-4,6)
x2 y 2

x1+x2
y1+y2
2
2
-3+(-4) -9+(6)
2
2
-7 -3
2
2
(-4.5,-1.5)=MP

(-13,4) (0,9)
x1 y 1
x2 y 2
x1+x2
y1+y2
2
2
-13+0
4+9
2
2
-13
13
2
2
(-6.5,6.5)=MP

(12,15)
x1 y 1

(5,-7)
x1 y 1

(14,-7)
x2 y 2

x1+x2
y1+y2
2
2
12+14 15+(-7)
2
2
26
8
2
2
(13,4)=MP

(-7,8)
x1 y 1

(-11,13)
x2 y 2

x1+x2
y1+y2
2
2
-7+(-11) 8+(13)
2
2
-18 21
2
2
(-9,10.5)=MP

(10,-4) (15,3)
x1 y 1
x2 y 2
x1+x2
y1+y2
2
2
10+15 -4+3
2
2
25
-1
2
2
(12.5,-.5)=MP

(19,-12)
x1 y 1

(-19,-21)
x2 y 2

x1+x2
y1+y2
2
2
19+(-19) -12+(-21)
2
2
0
-33
2
2
(0,-16.5)=MP

A (5,7) B (x2,y2) M (-3,-4)


x1 y 1
xm y m
x1+x2
2 =xm

y1+y2
=ym
2
7+y
5+x
2* 2 2 =-3*2 2* 2 2 =-4*2
7+y2=-8
5+x2=-6
-7
-77
-5
-5
y2=-15
x2=-11
(-11,-15)=B

L (8,-9) N (x2,y2) M (8,7)


x1 y 1
xm y m
x1+x2
2 =xm

8+x2
2 =8 *2
8+x2=16
-8
-8
x2=8

2*

y1+y2
=ym
2
-9+y
2* 2 2 =7 *2
-9+y2=14
+9
+9
y2=23

(8,23)=N

J (-12,5) L (x2,y2) K (11,-10)


x1 y 1
xm y m
x1+x2
2 =xm

y1+y2
=ym
2
5+y
-12+x
2* 2 2 =11*2 2* 22 =-10 *2
5+y2=-20
-12+x2=22
-5
-5
+12
+12
y
=-25
x2=34
2
(34,-25)=L

R (-7,-4) S (x2,y2) Q (8,-6)


x1 y 1
xm y m
x1+x2
2 =xm

2*

-7+x2
2 =8 *2
-7+x2=16
+7
+7
x2=23

y1+y2
=ym
2
-4+y
2* 2 2 =-6*2
-4+y2=-12
+4
+4
y2=-8

(23,-8)=S

H (1,0) F (x2,y2) G (-4,-6)


x1 y 1
xm y m
x1+x2
2 =xm

y1+y2
=ym
2
0+y
1+x
2* 2 2 =-4*2 2* 2 2 =-6*2
y2=-12
1+x2=-8
-1
-1
x2=-9
(-9,-12)=F
X (-8,13) Z (x2,y2) Y (-5,-15)
x1 y 1
xm y m
x1+x2
2 =xm

y1+y2
=ym
2
13+y
-8+x
2* 2 2 =-5*2 2* 2 2 =-15 *2
13+y2=-30
-8+x2=-10
-13
-13
+8
+8
y2=-43
x2=-2
(-2,-43)=B

(3,9)
x1 y 1

(-8,4)
x1 y 1

(-2,-7)
x2 y 2

D=(x2-x1) +(y2-y1)
D=(-2-3)2+(-7-9)2
D=(-5)2+(-16)2
D=25+256
D=281
D16.76
2

(7,9)
x1 y 1

(-6,7)
x2 y 2

D=(x2-x1)2+(y2-y1)2
D=(-6-7)2+(7-9)2
D=(-13)2+(-2)2
D=169+4
D=173
D13.15

(13,7)
x1 y 1

(-10,-4)
x2 y 2

D=(x2-x1)2+(y2-y1)2
D=(-10-13)2+(-4-7)2
D=(-23)2+(-11)2
D=529+121
D=650
D25.50
(15,-16)
x1
y1

(10,-5)
x2 y 2

D=(x2-x1)2+(y2-y1)2
D=(10-15)2+(-5-(-16))2
D=(-5)2+(11)2
D=25+121
D=166
D12.88

(5,-4)
x2 y 2

D=(x2-x1)2+(y2-y1)2
D=(5-(-8))2+(-4-4)2
D=(13)2+(-8)2
D=169+64
D=233
D15.26

(3,-9)
x1 y 1

(8,2)
x2 y 2

D=(x2-x1)2+(y2-y1)2
D=(8-3)2+(2-(-9))2
D=(5)2+(11)2
D=25+121
D=146
D12.08

(-5,-13)
x1
y1

(-6,-12)
x2 y 2

D=(x2-x1)2+(y2-y1)2
D=(-6-(-5))2+(-12-(-13))2
D=(-1)2+(1)2
D=1+1
D=2
D1.41
(-2,64)
x1
y1

(-28,61)
x2 y 2

D=(x2-x1)2+(y2-y1)2
D=(-28-(-2))2+(61-64)2
D=(-26)2+(-3)2
D=676+9
D=685
D28.16

A'
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