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Marcus Aurelius, The Emperors Handbook. Emperor of Rome from 161 to 180 A.D., Mar
cus Aurelius is considered one of historys philosopher kings, and his Meditations w
ere perhaps his most lasting legacy. Never meant to be published, Marcus writings
on Stoicism, life, and leadership were the personal notes he used to make sense
of the world. They remain a wonderful insight into the mind of a man who ruled
historys most revered empire at the age of 40 and provide remarkably practical ad
vice for everyday life. This is the translation Ive found most accessible.
Viktor Frankl, Mans Search for Meaning. Viktor Frankl was an Austrian psychiatris
t who survived life in the Nazi concentration camps. Mans Search for Meaning is r
eally two books one dedicated to recounting his frightening ordeal in the camps
(interpreted through his eyes as a psychiatrist) and the other a treatise on his
theory, logotherapy. His story alone is worth the read a reminder of the depths
and heights of human nature and the central contention of logotherapy that life
is primarily about the search for meaning has inspired leaders for generations.
Tom Wolfe, A Man in Full. Tom Wolfe founded the New Journalism school and was on
e of Americas most brilliant writers of nonfiction (books and essays like The Ele
ctric Kool-Aid Acid Test) before he became one of her most notable novelists. Of
ten better known for his portrait of 1980s New York, The Bonfire of the Vanities
, A Man in Full is his novel about race, status, business, and a number of other
topics in modern Atlanta. It was Wolfes attempt, as Michael Lewis noted, at stuff
ing of the whole of contemporary America into a single, great, sprawling comic w
ork of art. Its sure to inspire reflection in burgeoning leaders.
Michael Lewis, Liars Poker. One of the first books I read upon graduating college
, Liars Poker is acclaimed author Michael Lewis first book a captivating story abo
ut his short-lived postcollegiate career as a bond salesman in the 1980s. Lewis
has become perhaps the most notable chronicler of modern business, and Liars Poke
r is both a fascinating history of Wall Street (and the broader financial world)
in the 1980s and a cautionary tale to ambitious young business leaders about th
e temptations, challenges, and disappointments (not to mention colorful characte
rs) they may face in their careers.
Jim Collins, Good to Great: Why Some Companies Make the Leapand Others Dont. What
does it take to make a great company, and what traits will young businesspeople
need to lead them? Jim Collins introduced new rigor to the evaluation of busines
s leadership in his instant classic Good to Great, with a research team reviewin
g 6,000 articles and generating 2,000 pages of interview transcripts. The result i
s a systematic treatise on making a company great, with particularly interesting
findings around what Collins calls Level 5 Leadership that have changed the face
of modern business.
Robert Cialdini, Influence: The Psychology of Persuasion. Persuasion is at the h
eart of business, where leaders must reach clients, customers, suppliers, and em
ployees. Cialdinis classic on the core principals of persuasion is a sterling exa
mple of the cross application of psychological principles to business life. Base
d on his personal experiences and interviews with everyone from expert car sales
men to real estate salespeople Cialdinis book is riveting and, yes, persuasive. I
t serves as a great introduction to other works by modern writers like Malcolm G
ladwell and Steven Levitt, who translate theories from the social and physical s
ciences into everyday life.
Richard Tedlow, Giants of Enterprise: Seven Business Innovators and the Empires
They Built. Richard Tedlow taught one of my favorite business school classes, Th
e Coming of Managerial Capitalism, and this book is something like a distillatio
n of a few of the high points of that class. Giants of Enterprise chronicles the
lives of some of the businesspeople Carnegie, Ford, Eastman, Walton who shaped
the world we live in today. Its a brief introduction to the figures and companies
who built modern business for the young business leader seeking to shape the fu
Niall Ferguson, The Ascent of Money: A Financial History of the World. Financial
capital is at the heart of capitalism. Any young person aspiring to business le
adership should understand the financial world we live in. Ferguson is one of ou
r eras preeminent popular historians, and The Ascent of Money traces the evolutio
n of money and financial markets from the ancient world to the modern era. Its an
essential primer on the history and current state of finance.
Clayton M. Christensen, The Innovators Dilemma: When New Technologies Cause Great
Firms to Fail. Clay Christensen was recently ranked the worlds greatest business
thinker by Thinkers50, and his breakout book was a thoughtful tome on innovatio
n and disruption called The Innovators Dilemma. All of Christensens books are essent
ial reads, but this is perhaps the most foundational for any young leader wonder
ing how to drive business innovation and fight competitors constantly threatenin
g to disrupt his or her business model with new technology.
Stephen R. Covey, The Seven Habits of Highly Effective People. Coveys book repres
ents the best in self-help. His advice about prioritization, empathy, self-renew
al, and other topics is both insightful and practical. Seven Habits can be usefu
l to the personal and professional development of anyone charting a career in bu
Bill George, True North: Discover Your Authentic Leadership. A hallmark of next-
generation business leaders is a focus on authenticity. Bill George has pioneere
d an approach to authentic leadership development articulated well in his second
book, True North. George (who, full disclosure, Ive coauthored with before) cond
ucted more than 100 interviews with senior leaders in crafting the book, and off
ers advice for young leaders on knowing themselves and translating that knowledg
e into a personal set of principles for leadership.
Web 2.0 -- I thrive in Meetups, industry events, webinars and on LinkedIn
Drinks & Deals -- You'll find me making connections at bars and coffee shops
New School -- I network where it's least expected like Burning Man and Second Li
Corporate Titan -- My deals are made on the golf course and at executive retreat
You Will Learn: A better, faster, easier way to succeed in business. Read it and
youll know why plans are actually harmful, why you dont need outside investors, a
nd why youre better off ignoring the competition. The truth is, you need less tha
n you think. You dont need to be a workaholic. You dont need to staff up. You dont
need to waste time on paperwork or meetings. You dont even need an office. Those
are all just excuses.
Co-written by David Heinemeier Hansson a previous guest here!
What Brenton Hayden had to say, My favorite book is Rework. They have a chapter i
n there Fire the Workaholics. If youre working too hard, youre not doing it right.
Thats not to say not to work hard, but you need what I call clarity breaks.
If youre tired, dont work anymore. If youre frustrated, stop working. If youre ang
ry, dont write anymore emails, dont do anymore work, your work will always be affe
cted by that. If your project is taking significantly longer than you had antic
ipated, it is probably time to cancel that project or see if there is something
that youve got that is an MVP of a viable product.
Buy REWORK on Amazon.
Inbound Marketing
You Will Learn: How to stop pushing your message out and start pulling your cus
tomers in. Inbound Marketing is a how-to guide to getting found via Google, the
blogosphere, and social media sites.
What Jerry Mills had to say, Theres a great book by, anybody who is thinking about
starting a business they should read this book, its called Inbound Marketing by
the guys at Hub Spot.
Awaken the Giant Within
You Will Learn: Practical guidelines for concentrating your thoughts and emotion
s on the attainment of your goals.
What Derek Sivers had to say: I read Awaken the Giant Within. Someone who was a
real mentor to me gave me this book and said you should read this. With that kin
d of heavy recommendation from somebody I admired, I really gave it my full atte
ntion and really dove in and read it not just once but like five times over the
next five years and really ingested it.
You Will Learn: That we pay too much attention to what successful people are lik
e, and too little attention to where they are from: that is, their culture, thei
r family, their generation, and the idiosyncratic experiences of their upbringin
What Frank McKinney said, I want everybody to listen very carefully. There is a g
reat author out there by the name of Malcolm Gladwell. You may have heard of him
. He wrote The Tipping Point, he wrote Blink, and he wrote a book called Outliers.
I read in Outliers that to become an expert at anything in life, you need to put i
n 10,000 hours. If you want to be an expert real estate person, you want to be a
n expert author, I did the math.. It takes five years at forty hours a week to
equal 10,000 hours. I was so astonished when I looked back and realized thats ex
actly what I did.
Buy OUTLINERS on Amazon.
The Dip
You Will Learn: If your goal is even worth the hassle. Maybe youre in a Dipa tempo
rary setback that will get better if you keep pushing. But maybe its really a Cul
-de-Sac, which will never get better, no matter how hard you try. This book help
s you determine which one you are in.
What Michael Port had to say: One of my colleagues Seth Godin wrote a great book
called The Dip. It basically makes one big point. He says theres this American id
ea that you never should quit anything you do. The person who doesnt give up alwa
ys wins. He says actually thats not necessarily the case. Sometimes quitters do w
in. Thats different. Thats not contradictory to the concept of the pursuit of mast
ery, what Im suggesting earlier. Its not about dabbling. Its not about a little bit
of this, little bit of that, little bit of this. Its about having the fortitude
to look at what youre doing and identifying the dip, as he calls it.
Buy THE DIP on Amazon.
Good to Great
You Will Learn: How good companies, mediocre companies, even bad companies achie
ve enduring greatness.
What Michael Port said, If you read Good to Great by Jim Collins, it talks about
great leaders deal with reality. They dont make stuff up. They dont pretend things
are one way when theyre actually another way.
Buy GOOD TO GREAT on Amazon.
Rich Dad Poor Dad
You Will Learn: The principle that income-generating assets always provide healt
hier bottom-line results than even the best of traditional jobs.
What Dane Maxwell had to say, It all started when I read the book Rich Dad Poor
Dad. Im not a typically really super intelligent guy so I really appreciated the
simplistic way that Rich Dad Poor Dad explained financial wealth. He talked abou
t passive income and not exchanging time for money.
Buy RICH DAD POOR DAD on Amazon.
E-Myth Revisited
You Will Learn: The life of a business from entrepreneurial infancy, through ad
olescent growing pains, to the mature entrepreneurial perspective, the guiding l
ight of all businesses that succeed. Plus the distinction between working IN you
r business and working ON your business.
What Brad Schy said, Id say if youre an aspiring entrepreneur, that you should read
Michael Gerber The E-Myth. I would absolutely recommend that. Now I wish I ha
d again implemented everything that he said.
Buy THE E MYTH on Amazon.
War of Art
You Will Learn:The resolve needed to recognize and overcome the obstacles of am
bition and then effectively how to reach the highest level of creative disciplin
e. Think of it as tough love . . . for yourself.
What Michael Hyatt said: Steven Pressfield is an absolutely must read and I dont k
now how many copies Ive given away of the War of Art, but you need to read his wh
ole discussion about the resistance.
Buy THE ART OF WAR on Amazon.
Four Hour Work Week
You Will Learn: Whether your dream is escaping the rat race, experiencing high-
end world travel, earning a monthly five-figure income with zero management, or
just living more and working less, The 4-Hour Workweek is the blueprint.
What Hanny Lerner had to say: I love the book the 4-Hour Work Week and although
not everything obviously relates, but I love the idea of building a business tha
t can run without you there working. You need to work on your business, not in
your business. Its so true. If you build a business around everything being don
e without you there, A) you have more time to do other ideas and other ventures
and B) you just can enjoy life. Its a great book.
The Lean Startup
You Will Learn: Inspired by lessons from lean manufacturing, the Lean Startup r
elies on validated learning, rapid scientific experimentation, as well as a number
of counter-intuitive practices that shorten product development cycles, measure
actual progress without resorting to vanity metrics, and learn what customers r
eally want. It enables a company to shift directions with agility, altering plan
s inch by inch, minute by minute.
What Neil Patel has to say: The Lean Startup was one of them. Another one is The
Dip by Seth Godin. Those are some books that I would check out if you want to
be an entrepreneur and figure out how to create a business online.
Honorable Mentions:
Blue Ocean Strategy
You Will Learn: Challenge everything you thought you knew about competing in to
days crowded market place. Based on a study of 150 strategic moves spanning more
than a hundred years and thirty industries, it argues that lasting success comes
from creating blue oceans: untapped new market spaces ripe from growth and skippi
ng the bloody red oceans of rivals.
What Marissa Levin had to say: I also am a big fan of The Blue Ocean Strategy.
Basically what that says is that rather than competing with a competitor, what y
ou want to do is really create uncontested market space. How can you basically
become one of a kind in a sea of competitors? It talks about great examples of
how thats happened. So I think thats a great book.
Think and Grow Rich
True North: Discover Your Authentic Leadership by Bill George - See more at: htt
You Will Learn: There have been more millionaires and indeed, billionaires, who
have made their fortunes as a result of reading this success classic than any o
ther book every printed. (From the books description! It has been recommended a
lot from my interviews!
What Tony Hartl said, I would say Think and Grow Rich from a motivation inspirati
on standpoint really opened my eyes at a young age.
DOWNLOAD the original Think and Grow Rich Ebook for Free Here!
What if you have heard of all of these? What if you KNOW they were good but need
more ideas for Christmas gifts? Check out these.. also recommended but not as w
ell known!
- See more at:
Hamid Mir should be told to give public apology for creating a propaganda of mis
trust between the people and its govt. agency i.e that ISI is not fair or sincer
e in carrying out its state obligations
The air time given to 'un-scrutinized allegation' that the country's own govern
ment agency is responsible for the attack on Hamid Mir at the airport.
The media has a greater responsibility role to play to bring forward the truth t
o the public then to air someone's whim in the light of freedom of speech.
This directly damages the reputation of ISI and the relationship it has with the
public, when Pakistan's own news channel atrociously voice the concerns of an a
nchor without being held liable to come forth with evidence / proofs to support
such claims.

July 5, 1977 And Its Lasting Ramifications
By Wajid Shamsul Hasan
LONDON, July 05, 2005
You are here Bhutto Trial
Nations are proud of some dates as inerasable landmarks that make them hold thei
r heads high. Such as July 4 when "we the people" formed the United States of Am
erica, set the world ablaze with a new momentum to human endeavour, gave new mea
ning to human liberty and dignity, equality and fraternity and opened floodgates
of change globally. However, not many nations can forget some dates that have s
carred their lives eternally.
Pakistan is no exception to it. July 5, 1977 was the darkest day in our checkere
d history when General Ziaul Haq uprooted the nascent sapling of democracy. And
that act of high treason committed by him continues to hang like a cursed albatr
oss with all its evil ramifications casting a long shadow of doubt on country's
Why I have chosen to write on July 5, 1977 nearly 28 years down the road is its
continuing impact, the similarities between General Zia's and Pakistan under Gen
eral Pervez Musharraf and the fact that military rule than had put Pakistan on t
he road to destruction and under Musharraf the journey to doom is doing the fina
l run.
Pakistan's 'savior' in 1977 had dug the country's grave; our latest 'saviour' no
w is all geared up to lay the body to rest.
The Quaid had established Pakistan with hopes of making it a model of a democrat
ic state. While Zia made Mr Jinnah's dream sour, it is Musharraf who has convert
ed it into a horrific nightmare. Zia's greatest disservice to Quaid's Pakistan w
as to drown his democratic liberal ideological Muslim moorings into an ocean of
confusion with the objective of converting it into a Sunni Wahabi state.
I am referring to this issue because of the controversy ignited by Indian BJP le
ader Mr L. K. Advani. It has finally dawned upon him that Mr Jinnah was a secula
rist and not a communalist. It is indeed an irony for Mr Jinnah that we in Pakis
tan have to have a certificate from Mr L.K. Advani to merely assert the truth an
d nothing but the whole truth what Mr Jinnah was. As early as 1893 Sir Syed Ahma
d Khan had made it clear that India was a two-nation state. He based this observ
ation not on ground of religion but on account of economic disparities. He belie
ved that Muslims with the best of education and talent would always be outnumber
ed by sheer numerical strength of the Hindus when competing for jobs. Nowhere di
d he assert that Muslims as a religious minority would be at the receiving end.
Besides, Muslims at that time were free to go to their mosques, observe their re
ligious festivals and prayers without any hindrance.
It was fear of economic annihilation at the hands of the majority rather than re
ligious domination became the raison d'etre for a separate Muslim homeland. Mr J
innah's Pakistan was to be essentially an egalitarian state based on the sound p
rinciples of Islamic social justice and use of religion was to be forbidden to i
dentity its citizens. They were to be equal, free to go to their mosques, their
temples, churches etc., and that religion had nothing to do with the affairs of
the state. In short, his idea of Pakistan was to be a modern democracy-with mino
rities and women enjoying equal rights.
Zia straight jacketed Pakistan into his Sunni-Wahabi-Deobandi mould. His ten yea
rs were most abusive for the minorities and oppressive for women.
Remember Nawabpur incident when village women were paraded in the nude, molested
, depraved and outraged in public. Ever since then such orgies have become a com
mon feature to the point that now under Musharraf hardly a week passes when a wo
man or two are not raped, paraded in the nude and their spoilers remain unpunish
The General instead of going after the criminals has extended to them a license
to do it more with pleasure, by putting a ban on the travel of such victims (i.e
. Mukhataran Mai case). Now he wants to resolve the issue of the growing inciden
ce of rapes by calling a convention of rape victims to hear their tragic stories
. This seems to be a sickening manifestation of a sadist mentality reflected in
his desire to hear rape stories. If Dr Freud were alive and had to examine him,
he would have surely pronounced such a person as a sex maniac and depraved perve
rt. Not only the rape cases, in others too his government supports men who dispa
rage womenfolk. Look at the fate of the opposition's legislative bid to outlaw K
aro-karo-the so-called honour killings that too have acquired an epidemic form u
nder Musharraf and that have been justified by his King's Party. Besides, to rub
salt into the national wounds, the General does not get tired of orchestrating
on his enlightened moderation and when it comes to action-be it removal of highl
y abused blasphemy law, draconian action against rapists or putting his foot dow
n firmly to stop introduction of religious column to discriminately identify Pak
istani citizens in the new passports, the General surrenders to the religious ex
tremists as usual.
When I compare Zia's with Musharraf's time, I am reminded of a story of a notori
ous coffin thief who had made life miserable in a village by stealing coffins fr
om bodies in the graveyard. Villagers took turns to guard the graves. Their vigi
l did pay off but the moment they relaxed, the devil struck again. Finally Provi
dence heard their prayers and the coffin thief was on his deathbed. He summoned
his sons and asked who among them would do something extra-ordinary that would m
ake the villagers remember him kindly. His son in the army promised that he woul
d do something that will force villagers to remember his father kindly. For a fe
w days there was no incident at the graveyard until the coffin thieve's son got
back home on leave.
Lo and behold, soon villagers found themselves facing a bigger predicament.
Now some one was not only stealing the coffin but also putting a spear through t
he body. They gathered in the local mosque to discuss the new problem. Every one
among those who spoke on the occasion remembered kindly the deceased coffin thi
ef for respecting the bodies and cursed the new for not only stealing the coffin
but also desecrating the dead. The moral of the story is obvious.
(1): Musharraf has definitely made good use of his nearly six years of power by
outdoing Zia. No doubt Ayub started it all, Yahya followed him, it was General Z
ia who laid the foundation and it is Musharraf who as the incarnation of all thr
ee has soldered all the dirty tricks of the Praetorian management as the primary
weapon of demolishing the civil society beyond reprieve.
(2): All the four military dictators-more so Musharraf-- obtrusively raped the c
onstitutions of the day and trampled with their jackboots those institutional oa
ths that give meaning to patriotism, loyalty and commitment by all and sundry to
serve and protect the country more dearer than their children.
(3): Except Yahya who did not get time-rest of the three dictators had referendu
ms carried out for perpetuating their hold on power. Zia had a referendum on the
issue whether people liked Islam or not and by virtue of the seven per cent of
the votes cast in favor, declared himself President for all time. Musharraf circ
umvented the constitutional requirements for presidential election by holding hi
s own referendum to declare himself President. He had 97 % votes cast in his fav
our of the total seven per cent registered voters who voted in the international
ly declared fraudulent referendum.
(4): General Zia had made the judges of superior courts take oath on his provisi
onal constitutional order so did General Musharraf. Both showed the door to thos
e self-respecting judges who refused to join hands- although few and far between
-who preferred to stay put at home defending their honor.
(5) Like Zia's various electoral contraptions to keep doors closed on Benazir Bh
utto, Musharraf commissioned polls in October 2002 were loaded with Bhutto-speci
fic laws to keep her out of the electoral race, declared by international observ
ers as overly rigged and manipulated before, during and after the votes had been
cast-in favor of King's Party and Mullas of MMA in cahoots with his Intelligenc
e apparatus. He has kept the mullahs alive and kicking to blackmail the American
s as well to counter the liberal democratic forces.
(6): Musharraf's Legal Framework Order (LFO) later incorporated in the Constitut
ion of 1973 as part of a sinister deal between him and the MMA-making him an abs
olute ruler-has been much of distortion, disfigurement and dislocation of a sacr
osanct document playing foul with it that amounts to high treason and carries wi
th it death sentence as punishment.
(7): When one refers to political horse-trading during his time, Musharraf wins
the race hands down. Bunch of political thugs, co-op swindlers, sunshine politic
ians-all wanted by his very own National Accountability Bureau for various finan
cial scams running into billions-have been allowed by him to remain scot-free in
exchange of political support that he needs to sustain himself. Over and above
that they have been given an open licence to convert their ill-gotten millions i
nto trillions. The entire accountability process has become a joke. His minister
of Information acknowledged the other day that the country is in the grip of va
rious mafias. Invariably most of the uniformed top guns or their kith and kin ar
e doing full time real estate business. Besides the whole army of white-collar c
riminals, many of the king pins in his government are history sheeters and kille
(8): The Constitution of 1973 was the most outstanding achievement of Zulfikar A
li Bhutto and the post-1971 political leadership. It resolved the tricky issue o
f the quantum of provincial autonomy to the satisfaction of the elected represen
tatives of the federating units who agreed to its shape and form unanimously. By
introducing arbitrary amendments in the 1973 Constitution, he converted it into
a handmaid of the President and Praetorian centre to transform it into a garris
on state rather than the guarantor of equal distribution of resources, just powe
r sharing, equality in job opportunities to all the citizens of the federation.
By pitching one province against the other, fanning of fissiparous tendencies an
d by letting the Mullas run berserk-he has provided fuel to a process initiated
by General Ziaul Haq, that would sooner than later Talibanise Pakistan.
(9): Remember Zia's promise of holding elections in 90 days and his great betray
al. As his obedient follower Musharraf more or less did the same when in Decembe
r 2003 he pledged that he would give up the post of army chief by December 31, 2
004. He is still holding the two offices and the news is that he would keep his
uniform until 2012. His uniform is what hair to Samson were-source of all his ma
nly strength and prowess.
(10) Zia demolished Pak-Afghan borders for the American Jihad. Zia kept quiet on
Kashmir, Musharraf is about to do a sell-out. He has already surrendered Pakist
an's traditional stand. Musharraf has rendered our independence into a myth for
Washington's war on terrorism. Zulfikar Ali Bhutto gave his life to provide nucl
ear glow to Pakistan, Musharraf is hell bent in extinguishing it. South Wazirist
an is still under Pakistani military's occupation with American commanders breat
hing hot air down our necks. There is a civil war on in Baluchistan. Instead of
putting balm on their ulcerating wounds, Musharraf wants to hit them hard so har
d that they would not know what hit them. The Baluch Liberation Army has been st
riking with great impunity. Even Chief Minister Jam Yusuf's well-secured residen
ce is not safe and is hit by rockets. Anger from Dr Shazia's rape continues to s
immer. It reminds one of General "Tiger" Niazi who used to ask his officers and
jawans during the civil war in East Pakistan not how many enemies did they kill
but how women did they rape.
This is the story of Pakistan under Musharraf and it began under General Zia on
that ill-fated July 5, 1977. Pakistan today is not known for enlightened moderat
ion but because of the outrageous stories of rape like that of Mukhtaran Mia and
Musharraf's bid to kill the patient rather than cure the disease by putting a b
an on her travel. Zia sowed the seeds of Balkanisation and Talibanizaton, Mushar
raf's policies have made it a failed state or a failing state that is likely to
meet the fate of Yugoslavia under its jackbooted leadership.
If I get down to enumerate in detail what more is common between Zia and Musharr
af, I will require many thousand words to do some justice to the topic. Briefly,
I will remind the readers to recall the co-op and financial scams of Zia's time
and look for the key players in them. They will find them safely ensconced in M
usharraf's cabinet or perched in high offices in his King's party. Zia lost Siac
hen Glacier to India without firing a shot in its defense, Musharraf's Kargil mi
sadventure has had a devastating effect on the morale of the Pakistani jawans-ma
ny of whose colleagues were brought dead in the dark of night and post mortemed
to discover they had been living on grass while their generals continued to lead
"spirited" lives that according to Shakespeare "takes away the performance".
Both Zia and Musharraf sold Pakistan's vital interests by assuming the role of d
isposables in the service of their foreign masters. President-General Musharraf
as the so-called democratic leader of the "most militarized state" in the world
has acquired the stamp of legitimacy not from his own people but from outsiders.
Zia had laid the foundation of making Pakistani military a business enterprise;
Musharraf has erected a whole empire on it. There is a consensus that our gener
als have pushed Pakistan into a quagmire of problems that pose much more serious
a challenge than that of 1971. When they surrendered half of the country to the
Indian army (December 16, 1971), the residual Pakistan was fortunate enough to
have a dynamic leader like Zulfikar Ali Bhutto who had the enormous capacity to
"pick up the pieces" and re-galvanize them into a proud nation. Unfortunately, w
ith a General fully dressed in army chief's uniform as the President backed to t
he hilt by "summer soldiers and sunshine patriots" taking the country onto the r
oad to disaster, there is no one within Pakistan who could save the country as Z
ulfikar Ali Bhutto did when the defeated generals handed him over a truncated Pa
There is no doubt that Pakistan today is at a cross- road. There is a big questi
on mark on its future and its very survival as a federal state is in doubt espec
ially when its generals and those politicians in cahoots with them seem to be de
termined in pushing Quaid's Pakistan it into the dustbin of history. Since we ar
e facing a situation worse than 1971, we have got to go back to the leadership t
hat could emulate Zulfikar Ali Bhutto's foot steps to bring the country back to
safety from the edge of the precipice.
The writer is a former Pakistan High Commissioner to UK, now living in London

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