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high-pr
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fly valves
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fly valves ar
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Valves T
ntages
gh on 12:28
are used
fast operati
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re produce
are usuall
e welding-
aded-end, g
fy the join
etal-to-met
bubble-tigh
re suitable f
d high-tem
Types,
PM0 Comm
to control
ion and low
ition. A typ
ed in sizes
y manufac
end style
grooved-en
nt type sele
tal seats, so
ht shutoff a
Fig. A: Typic
for low-pre
mperature a
Const
ments
l and regu
w-pressure
pical flange
ranging fro
ctured in fla
is a spec
nd, and sh
ected for t
oft seats, a
and the full
al flanged-end
essure and
applications
truction
ulate or t
drop. They
ed butterfly
om NPS 1¹
anged, waf
cially engin
houldered-e
he piping
and with fu
l lining enh
butterfly valve
low-tempe
s. The term
n, App
.
throttle th
y require o
y valve is ill
¹⁄₂ (DN 40)
fer, and lug
neered val
end butterf
system. Bu
ully lined b
hances eros

erature app
m high-perf
plicatio
he flow. Th
only a quar
lustrated in
) to over N
g, or single
lve for a
fly valves a
utterfly va
body and d
sion and co
plications as
formance b
ns
hey are
rter turn
n Fig. A.
NPS 200
e-flange-
specific
are also
lves are
disc. The
orrosion
s well as
butterfly
valve i
temper

The bu
are suit
water tr

Cons
A butte
seats, t
have fla
flanges
ends.
configu
is intended
ature servi
utterfly valv
table for low
ransmissio
struction
erfly valve
top and b
anged ends
. The weldi
Sometimes
urations.
d to signi
ces.
ves have a
w-pressure
n, distribut
n of a Bu
has a shor
bottom sha
s, lugs, or w
ing-end (Fi
s butterfly
ify their s
low-pressu
e drop appli
tion, and co
utterfly V
rt circular
aft bearing
wafer style (
ig. C) butte
y valves
Fig. B:
suitability
ure drop an
ications. Th
ooling wate
Valve
body, a ro
gs, and th
(Fig. B) con
erfly valves
are manu
: Wafer butterfl
for moder
nd high-pr
hese valves
er lines.
ound disc,
he stuffing
nfigurations
are usually
ufactured
ly valve
rate- to h
essure reco
s are extens
shaft, meta
box. The
s to be insta
y large and
in rectan
high pressu
overy facto
sively used
al-to-metal
e valve bo
alled betwe
have butt-
ngular or
ure and
or. They
in large
l or soft
dy may
een pipe
-welding
square
The waf
The lim
valve in
in all si
problem

Types
Low P
In low p
are con
disc in
These v
materia
others.
resilien
High-P
The dis
the sha
move e
uninter
wear an
fer-style bu
mitation on
n place betw
izes and p
ms associat
s of But
Pressure o
pressure an
ncentric. In
the middle
valves are a
als include
The appli
nt material.
Performa
sc in high p
aft is also o
eccentricall
rrupted mo
nd tear of
F
utterfly valv
size is esse
ween the fl
ose no pro
ted with wa
tterfly Va
or Concen
nd low tem
n open posi
e and parall
available a
: Buna N,
ication tem
These valv
ance or E
performanc
ffset from
ly uninter
otion of the
f the valve
ig. C: Butterfly
ves are usu
entially imp
anges. The
oblem in in
arped-flang
alves
ntric Butt
mperature d
ition, the d
lel to the fl
as lined or
Neoprene
mperature
ves are gene
ccentric B
ce butterfly
the center
rupted aw
e disc until
seat and
y valve - weldin
ually availab
posed by th
e lug and fla
nstallation
ged surfaces
terfly Val
designs of a
disc divides
low. These
unlined. M
e, Fluorcel,
is limited
erally prod
Butterfly
y valves is
of the disc
way from
it seats ag
disc due t
ng end on one e
ble in sizes
he difficulty
anged-end
between fl
s and uneve
lves
butterfly v
s the flow i
valves are
Most comm
, Hypalon,
by the te
uced in Cla
y Valves
offset from
c. The offse
or toward
gainst the v
to friction
nd
NPS 12 (D
y of holding
butterfly v
langes exce
en torquing
valves, the d
in two equa
provided w
monly used
EPDM, T
mperature
asses 150 an
m the center
ets provided
the valve
valve seat p
and rubbi
DN 300) or
g the larger
valves are a
ept for the
g of bolts.
disc and sh
al halves, w
with resilien
lining and
TFE, Viton,
e capability
nd 300.
r of the va
d allow the
e seat. Th
prevents un
ing of the
smaller.
r weight
available
normal
haft axes
with the
nt seats.
d seating
among
y of the
lve, and
e disc to
hus, the
nwanted
seating
surfaces. The high-performance butterfly valves are used for on-off and throttling
services. Some butterfly valve manufacturers produce high performance butterfly valves
with triple offset, which enhances their actuation and leak tightness.

Advantages of Butterfly Valves
The following summarizes the advantages of butterfly valves:

1. The compact design requires considerably less space, compared to gate, globe, or other
valves.
2. Light in weight.

3. Quick acting; as a quarter-turn valve, it requires less time to open or close.
4. It is available in large sizes, ranging from NPS 1¹⁄₂ (DN 40) to over NPS 200 (DN
5000).
5. They have low-pressure drop and high-pressure recovery.

6. Provide bubble-tight service.

Disadvantages of a Butterfly Valve
1. Throttling service is limited to low differential pressure.

2. Throttling is restricted to a 30- to 80-degree disc opening. Location of valve, pipe
routing, free, and closed discharge are to be considered while using a butterfly valve
in a throttling application.

3. Cavitation and choked flow are two potential concerns.

4. The disc movement is unguided and affected by flow turbulence.

Typical Applications of Butterfly Valves
Concentric or low-pressure and low-temperature butterfly valves, the high-performance
butterfly valves, cover a wide range of applications. These applications include:
1. Cooling water, air, gases, and other similar applications, such as fire protection,
circulating water, etc.
2. Corrosive services requiring lined valves
3. Food processing, chemical, and pharmaceutical services
4. Slurry and similar services

5. High-pressure and high-temperature water and steam services

6. Throttling service involving low differential pressures, as in cooling water or air
supply systems

7. Vacuum service

Application Considerations for Butterfly Valves
1. It is noted that the disc of butterfly valve is unguided; therefore, operability of the valve
is affected by the flow characteristics. A butterfly valve should not be located just
downstream of a source of flow turbulence, such as pump-discharge nozzle, elbow,
control valve, or a tee-branch. To minimize the effects of flow turbulence on the valve,
attempts should be made to
● Locate the valve 4 to 6 diameters downstream of the source of flow turbulence.

● Orient the valve shaft in the same plane as the elbow or the pump outlet configuration.
When there is more than one component on the upstream side of the valve, then the
component adjacent to the valve is to be considered in determining the valve-shaft
orientation.
2. When used in throttling applications, an attempt must be made to provide an adequate
straight length of pipe downstream of the valve to allow the flow turbulence to subsidize
prior to diverting the flow.

3. Butterfly valves are essentially bidirectional. In the case of high-performance butterfly
valves, and sometimes in the case of low-pressure and low-temperature butterfly valves,
the valve design may require more actuating torque to open or close the valve when the
flow is reversed. In such cases, the valve manufacturer must be contacted to ensure that
the valve is designed and the actuator is sized for flow in both directions.
 

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