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Vol. XV, No. XIII

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The University Community's Feature Paper


April 26, 1994
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By Robert V. Gilheany This year's original Star Trek guest at I-Con 13 was George Takei, the actor who played Lieutenant Sulu. With a spring in his step, he took the stage and talked about his life, Star Trek, and his upcoming autobiography. Takei, an affable fellow took pleasure in speaking with the I-Con sci-fi crowd. His life started over half a century ago. "My earliest memory was of my family being taken to an internment camp in the swamps of Arkansas." He went on to talk about things he did in his life; the acting roles, his travels to Europe, his hiking of Mt. Fuji and the marathons he runs. He is in the process of writing his autobiography: "Yesterday to the Stars," a title he did not let the audience forget. He had then recited two or three times during the talk. George Takei said landing the role of Lieutenant Sulu was a breakthrough. As an Asian-American, good roles for actors were rare. The typical roles for Asian actors were the submissive servant, buffoons or an evil genius. Takei said when Gene Roddenberry described the part, it excited him. Sulu is a crack professional and major player in the running of the Enterprise. Sulu was the helmsman. Takei said it came at a time when a war was going on in Asia and people who looked like him were considered the enemy. But when people tuned into Star Trek, they saw an Asian in a leadership position on the Enterprise. He said part of Gene Roddenberry's vision was to show human beings of different backgrounds working together for a common goal and our diversity is our strength, and we are all part of "us." So it was a breakthrough part for him and for Asian-Americans. Breaks kept happening for him. During that summer, he landed a role in John Wayne's Green Berets. It was a major leap in his career to work with the legendary John Wayne. Green Berets was the first major motion picture that dealt with the Vietnam War, but Takei had a dilemma. He said that he knew this was going to be a John

Wayne movie, so he confronted him about his dilemma, knowing Wayne's stance on the Vietnam War (John Wayne was pro-war and a vocal conservative on most

view's I and balls like andhe Lee Marvinthe back to dohasto themspeak asked up.' Klingon?" Do13 someone you knowhow
Takei. Takei said that he speaks "Spanish and Japanese, but not Klingon." He went on to say you can learn Klingon, there is a Klingon dictionary and there were at least three Klingon conventions where all the convention business was carried out in Klingon. Someone asked him if he knew martial arts, he said that he knows martial arts, but is not an expert and he does not want to engage in martial arts with anyone at the convention. They talked about working with the stunt men on Star Trek. On the original Star Trek serious Sulu attracted to Lieutenant Uhura. Someone in the audience asked if an affair ever happened between the two. He said that it is unclear, but as the Star Trek story unfolds it turns out that Sulu has a daughter, she may be an Afro-Asian. George Takei's favorite Star Trek movie is Star Trek VI: The Undiscovered Century. Sulu is now Captain Sulu of the U.S.S. Excelsior. He said he likes the heroics of the Excelsior. headed by Captain Sulu. He said he loved the part at the end as the Excelsior is leaving the view of the Enterprise and McCoy looks up and said "That's a big ship," and Scottie says with a gleam in his eye, "Aye! But not as big as its captain." "Read my book, 'Yesterday to the Stars,'" Takei said when he was asked about personal problems between the actors who play Kirk and Mr. Scott, William Shatner and James Doohan. Takei gave in a bit by saying, "we all have some problems with Bill." The advent of the Next Generationpissed off the original cast members. "The first season was weak and we were gloating," but the show got stronger and better. "Now I hope they continue. I hope they make a new Star Trek featuring the U.S.S. Excelsior under the command of Captain Sulu."

issues) and Takei was against the war. He said when he told Wayne, he looked at him. "He was giving me that John Wayne squint," and told him that none of the Hollywood studios will touch the Vietnam War because it is too controversial, but he was doing it. So Takei said he respects John Wayne because he "has strong political

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Dishonorable Mention:
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Darwin Vs. Intelligence
By Garrison Have you ever met someone and found yourself wondering, "what could God have possibly been thinking when He created this guy?" If the answer is yes then you are not alone. The questions of origins have been around for many years. Even as children we are prone to ask, "where did I come from?" This question seems to plague even distinguished members of the academic community. On Thursday, April 21, the Honors College presented a "Symposium on Biological Origins." The topic of discussion was Darwinian Naturalism vs. Intelligent Design. The Naturalist team, all from SUNY Stony Brook, consisted of Dr. Elof Axel Carlson- Ph.D. in Genetics (Indiana); Dr. Jeffrey Levinton- Ph.D. in Geology, Geophysics (Yale); and Dr. Michael SimonPh.D. in Philosophy (Harvard). The Designer team, imported from various institutions, consisted of Dr. Michael Behe- Ph.D. in Biochemistry (Pennsylvania); Dr. William Dembski- Ph.D. in Mathematics (Chicago), Ph.D. in Philosophy (Illinois); and Paul Nelson- Ph.D. candidate in Philosophy (Chicago). ual organisms in the biological community can be explained sufficiently in terms of natural processes acting on matter through time. While acknowledging that the exact naturalisticmethod of diversification may not be completely understood,proponents of this view typical embrace a neo-Darwinian mechanism to explain the origin of these structures. Darwinian Naturalism usually means that the origin of complex biological structures can occur by naturalprocesses and do not necessitate the inference of Intelligent Design. Proponents generally argue that as scientific knowledge increases, a more complete naturalistic

By Dennis 0. Palmore

FightThe Power


picture will emerge. This view is usually associated with a definition of science which, by necessity, regards naturalprocesses as the sole criteriafor proposing and evaluating theories on origins. INTELLIGENT DESIGN- generally means that the universe and life are the product of Intelligent Cause. In regard to biological origins, this means that the multitude of complex structures that comprise individual organisms clearly evidence plan and pattern which cannot be explained in terms of naturalprocesses acting on matter. This plan and pattern is interpretedas strongly inferring Intelligent Design. Proponents of this view argue that an a priori,philosophicalcommitment to naturalism in explaining the origin of biological structures has resulted in an interpretation of nature which does not appear to conform to a critical evaluation of the empirical reasons why natural processes do not explain the origin of these structures, underscoringthe inference of IntelligentDesign. The discussion was long and garrulous, but punctuated with amusing quips from the speakers and heartfelt jeers from the audience. Perhaps we will never A handout was distributed with the following defini- answer the question of ultimate origins, but in the intertions: im it's comforting to know that we can meet, discuss DARWINIAN NATURALISM- generally means that with, and even poke a little fun at our colleagues, be the origin of complex structures that comprise individ- they godless heathens or misguided fanatics.

The Third Annual Black History Extravaganza, was held last Wednesday in the Uniti Cultural Center. This yearly event is sponsored by the African-American Students Organization. Chuck D, lead member of the rap group Public Enemy, was the guest speaker at this year's event. Chuck D's lecture focused on rap music, the industry and it's importance to the black community and mainstream America. He defined rap as being part of the Hip-Hop culture and as "whatever black people create." He spoke about the importance of rap music as an important source of information for the black community as well as for people who are unfamiliar with the culture rap music comes from. Most people he said, say that rap has no melody and that it's not really music. Chuck D said that "It makes up for it's lack of melody with its sense of reminder" and that it is not so much a music in melodic sense, it "is not a music, it's a vocal." The "reminder" refers to the problems that plague the black community all over the country in terms of violence, education, crime, etc. He explained to the audience that rap is an educational tool; "it educates by stimulating interest." Another topic that was an important part of his discussion was on the subject of education and how important it is for black people to give back to their communities. He stressed the importance of education in terms of the skills that it gives people and these skills should be used to help others to get to the same point you are at. He discussed the importance of being a role model and how we only see portrayals of blacks on television as entertainers or athletes. He discussed how this image needs to be change and we need to see more images of blacks as educators and intellectuals, which we hardly ever see on television. This, he explained, would be a positive influence on young black people coming up today. The importance of reaching out to people in the black community, especially for those of us who are lucky enough to be in college, should be a priority for black people. "Each One Teach One" was the theme he conveyed to the audience in the Uniti Cultural Center. From the reaction of the crowd, they seemed to understand the importance of the black community coming together as something positive, for the future of black people today.

What an Introduction
By Matthew Moskowitz I arrived at school on Friday my freshman year at S.U.N.Y. Stony Brook hoping for an experience that would last a lifetime. The experience that I had in the first few days I will never forget as long as I live. I checked in and was taken by the people from "The Welcome Wagon" to my room. Needless to say, it was in the basement of the largest building on campus. As I walked through the building, I noticed everyone meeting their roommates. When I got down to my room, I was told I was not given a roommate. There I was all alone, I was miserable. That Sunday I made my first Friend, his name is Greg. That night we went to watch the Giants game in
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the lounge. When the game ended, I returned to my building. After I went down the stairs to the basement, I began the lonely walk back to my room. As I trudged down the hall, I noticed a trail of something leading up to my door. As I got closer, I realized that someone had regurgitated. I opened the door to find some guy, fully clothed, passed out on my floor. In the bed across from mine was another guy passed out. He was completely naked. I was dying! I thought, "Who are these guys?" About a half hour later, I went to the bathroom in order to wash up for bed. Suddenly, the naked guy, covered only by a towel, runs into the stall and proceeded to regurgitate. After about five minutes he turned around and said half dazed, "Hi, I'm your roonimate." I said hello and we shook hands. He then turned around and continued right where he left off... What an introduction!
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April 26, 1994 page 3


Punishment Well Deserved
Young Americans have that the crime was reduced to finally had their eyes opened only six hits of the cane, but by the vandalism incident in of course not. "He is young Singapore, committed by 18- and reckless," is their cry. Is year-old Michael Fay. Finally! that to say that young boys in A punishment to fit the Singapore try the same crime. Unfortunately, many stunt? They probably don't feel the punishment is because they know the pununsuitable for the minor ishment. crime committed. This punishment goes It is understandable that against international law and many who have broken minor is labeled "torture." There are laws in this country feel that so many things in other this punishment is too harsh. countries that could be conThe question of the severity sidered "torture." of the punishment rises that There are so many counhe is an American and there- tries that have a low crime fore shouldn't be punished rate because they are much according to another coun- stricter about their laws (and try's penal system. The fact have less citizens) than that it was an American who America. Granted the size of committed the crime a country will narrow down shouldn't be a reason for the suspects, but the fact being pardoned. What kind of that the laws are so heavily an attitude is that- "We're enforced definitely cuts down Americans so we don't have on the amount of crimes. If to abide by your laws"? the United States could not Americans take their free- only have stricter penalties, dom here for granted and but enforce them to the extend it to the fullest with- fullest, citizens wouldn't have out getting caught. the fear of losing their valuPoliticians, drug users and ables (including their lives) in child molesters/rapists are their home or car. accurate examples. It takes It would be understandan eye-opening incident like able, possibly excusable, if this to show that not every- this young "adult" were new one lives a cushy life in a to the country, say just off country known as a "super- the plane, but he lived there power." for so long. However, vandalThose who oppose the pun- ism is a crime in the United ishment should be relieved States, too. It may be a good thing that he get caned. It's almost too bad that some of these laws couldn't be applied in America. It certainly would cut down on crime and the amount of people in Jail. People would think twice before committing a misdemeanor or felony. Yes, it isn't a bad idea to cut the hand off of a thief so they can't do it again and rapists along with child molesters should become eunuchs (no tongue so they can't talk) and murderers should be killed. It would stop others from trying the same or other serious crimes. Sure we have the power of nuclear weapons, but how can individuals in this country be safe when their offenders will be let off the hook anyway? Being one of the strongest nations in the world, less crime would improve the country as a whole. Just because foreigners can come here and do anything they want because our laws aren't strict enough or fully enforced, doesn't mean that we can do anything we want anywhere else. Basically this delinauent of society got snagged in another country with a crime that usually goes unsolved here and now must pay the price, which is much higher. Tough shit.


Hi Kids!










Press do alot of writing ourselves, what with putting together a newsYou'll notice that there are, in fact, paper and all, and we understand no actual letters in the 'Letters' col- that you people are very busy as umn this issue. This embarrising well, but surely we can't be expectlittle problem has come about ed to do everything. Besides, we because we shot our load, so to like recieving letters. They make us speak, with the only two letters we feel good about ourselves. In other had for the last issue. It is conciev- words, it's one of the only ways we know that someone is actually able that there is an old letter or two buried under a pile of backreading the paper, as opposed to issues glued together with the using it to line their bird cage. It's not like we don't try to promold encrusted remains of some long departed editor's long forgot- voke responces either. Admittedly, we lack the exciting, though polititen lunch, but in all probability it cally and morally retarded views wouldn't relate to any current expressed in other papers, but we issues (and probably never did anyway!). There is a simple solu- try. Look at our last issue. We had tion for this correspondence several nice, large (for the visually impaired) drawings of Copulating conundrum, but unfortunately, it places the burden of haveing to do primates. We thought for sure it all that writing upon you, the faith- would get some anally-retentive, fully literate public. Now, we at the frigid, granny wanna-be's panties
The Stony Brook Press page 4

all bunched up- but if it did she's too shocked to say so. We don't want to pressure you, but as is abundantly clear, we don't have any letters to print, and we would prefer that this not remain the case. If it will help, we'll even give you some candy* for a good letter. -Hope you don't get caught, All of us at the Press
*Available only upon request; supplies limited.







By Manning Marable The most tragic victims of institutional racism are African-American children and young adults. Although we measure the impact of poverty, unemployment, and economic exploitation upon the family and community, we should focus our attention more specifically to the social devastation among our young people. Because in terms of education, health care, the criminal justice system and other criteria, what is happening in our cities is nothing short of a war against black youth. For example, let us examine the statistical evidence provided by the New York City and New York state. In the area of health care, six out of ten pre-school children in New York City are not immunized. There are currently only 96 nurses for six hundred elementary schools in the city; nurses no longer regularly visit middle schools and high schools. Every day in New York City, an estimated 70,500 children use drugs. Each day, 35 babies are born at low birthrates, and four babies die before their first birthday. Over 160,000 children, mostly black and Latino, have no health insurance. Since 1987, TB cases in New York City have doubled. And today, AIDS is the leading cause of death in New York City for children under the age of five. In recent years, there has been a profound change in the number of African-American children and young adults in New York who live with both parents. In 1979, 82 percent of the children under the age of six lived in households headed by one or both of their parents. By 1989, that percentage had dropped to 69 percent. The number and proportion of children under the age of six -I

who live in married couple families has also declined sharply, from 38 percent in 1979 down to 31 percent in 1989. This means that thousands of our children are being raised increasingly by their grandparents, or by individuals who are not related to them at all. The war against black youth is strikingly apparent within the criminal justice system. In central Harlem alone, 2500 young people were arrested in 1992. Ninety-five percent of those in jail in New York City are Latinos and blacks. Who is this prison population? Ninety percent do not have a high school diploma; more than one-half have under a sixth-grade level of educational ability. About two-thirds of all young black people who are in jail are awaiting trial, at an average cost of $150 per day. The average pretrial detention in New York City is fifty days--costing $7.900 per prisoner. Instead of spending tens of millions of dollars warehousing black youth, we should spend that money educating and training them to be productive human beings. In the area of housing and homeless: there are about 90,000 homeless people in New York City today. On a typical evening, 24,000 people, including 9,700 children, will sleep in a city-run shelter. About 90 percent of the homeless are black and Latino. In a five year period, about one out of twelve black children in New York will live in a homeless shelter. The war against black children is most clearly demonstrated in education. New York City has 37 percent of the state's children in its public schools, but the city receives only 34 percent of the state aid. That shortfall amounts to an underfunding to the public schools each year by $400 million. In the suburbs of -- I r i, I ,,

New York, the average suburban school spends $9,236 per pupil; New York City spends $6,326 per pupil, nearly three thousand dollars less per child. Statewide, the average student per teacher ratio is a 14.5 per one; in New York City's public schools, the ratio is 16.7 per one. The basic factor which underscores the dynamics of oppression for black children and youth is economics. Between 1980 and 1992, New York City lost 87,000 private sector jobs. During the same years, the number of African-Americans living below the poverty level in the city grew from 520,000 to 664,000 people. The average black family in the city earns $24,000 annually, compared to more than $40,000 per year for whites. Black men have unemployment rates of 13 percent, compared to under six percent for white males. As the economic situation for black households declines, the status of our children and young people also deteriorates. At Columbia University's Institute for Research in African-American Studies, we are planning a major national conference, to be held in April, 1995, on the theme: "The Crisis of Black Youth." The greatest challenge for African-American leadership and organizations throughout the country is finding solutions to reverse the war against our young people. Our children are the future of the black community. Dr. Manning Marable is professor of History and PoliticalScience, and Director of the African American Studies Institute at Columbia University, New York City. "Along the Color Line" appearsin over 250 publications and is broadcast by 75 radio stations internationally.

The Press The Media Dogs That We Are
welcomes your viewpoints and letters. Submissions should be no longer than 1000 and 500 words, respectively. Handwritten submissions will be smoked.
Send submissions to' Room 060 Student Union
By Ted Swedalla every pile of shit we see on the street, and stand and sniff the real juicy piles with the most flies, until it's "We all know that crap is king, give us dirty laundry." dried up. Reporters are the media pimps, dressing up -Don Henley the piles, for every dog's enjoyment, because they want to keep selling more shit. And, in The Press' case, if Recently a certain Stony Brook publication has Richard Cole was the biggest piece of shit, why not attacked The Press and its choice for its covers (two have him on the cover twice. If it got the papers read, consecutive issues showed Richard Cole). It basically who cares what's on the cover. If the next issue of The stated that we had nothing better to do than to rip the Press had another writer from Statesman on its cover, editor of Statesman. Excuse me, I thought Richard Cole say a huge black and white blow-up of a bad picture, was news, and The Press being a newspaper, is sup- would anyone care? posed to report on these things. Not any old news, but If you don't like what is being covered as news, do juicy news. Not only does it involve the First something about it. Find a different source for your Amendment, but also focuses on racial tension in our news, it's not like we can't find news sources that focus community. The only way to make this a better story on everything from aardvarks to zygotes. And if you would be to throw a penis into it (see Glory Hole stories can't discern ostentatious designations, turn on the telefrom last semester). vision and buy a satellite dish. That's what it was built Unfortunately, The Press (or any media source), has for, to watch Mr.Ed in Portuguese. only to report on what it sees fit to be news (a.k.a. Americans have too much time on their hands, and something that will sell the paper, have the show are too spoiled. What some of us make in a week is watched or in The Press' case something that will get greater than the per capita of some countries. We have the paper read). Why do you think Newsday ran ten ingrained in our minds that we are the greatest country page spreads on Lorenna Bobbitt and her knife, because on earth, in some respects we are, and that othei counthere was no other news that day? To quote Al from tries exist solely to give the rich somewhere to go on Home Improvement "I don't think so Tim." They did it vacations, or they are crazed religious fanatics sitting to sell papers. Why did every major network news on barrels of oil. We know, for certain, that we outshine broadcast show Joey getting out of jail, did I need to every other country, so the only way to make us feel see this? They did it for the ratings. better it to feed off shit on people worse off than us; This focus on tabloid-bordering news can be blamed mainly Americans who have problems that we don't.If on you, the American Public. Some of you complain the Amy-Mary Jo-Joey fiasco would have occurred in a that newspapers should print only real news stories (i.e. mountain village in Peru, who would care? that small nations are building nuclear weapons). Some So next time you see a headline It Looked Like His newspapers do. But how many papers would exist if Penis, buy a different paper, or hear a newscaster say they all tried to be the Wall Street Journal, or The "coming up, the story of a man and wife and their goat, Washington Post. Not many, they would disappear like and the goat's million dollar lawsuit," change the chanby-laws after declaring bankruptcy. nel. But if you can't resist, stay a shit-smelling media Our society has brought about our attitudes toward dog, I need the work. the news. We are media dogs. St'cking our noses into

April 26, 1994 page 5

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Part Two in a Series of Three By Mitchel Cohen Recoiling in Disgust is not the Same Thing As Apathy The relationship between Faith and Vision has always tormented the left. Much of what passes for "theory" is actually an elaborate rationalization attempting, in Rube Goldberg fashion, to "prove" the historical inevitability of socialism. Faith. Call it God, History, the Proletariat, the Vanguard Party, Big Science, Objective Reality-the Dialectic works in mysterious ways. And we, the self-anointed, long to be its "chosen people." For the old left, which believed in the "inevitable victory of the proletariat," God (usually called by his everyday name, "History") is on their side, just as God had, in earlier, times, selected the Jews as his chosen people; for Leninists, "the locomotive of History" demands that one be a "professional revolutionary," a "cadre" in the infallible vanguard party ensuring the victory of socialism, said to be inevitable; for the Beatles it was the "inevitability of the youth rebellion." Faith in inevitability's intricate tango has generally been employed to slamdance the masses into our churches/parties/line of moment. "And if Malcolm X were still alive," said the insufferable speaker for the Socialist Workers Party one fine evening in New York City, "he'd be out there with us leafletting for the march on Washington next week." Uh-huh. Many leftists use "History is oni our side" to rally workers. And that argument, for many, certainly has a powerful appeal. What disempowered person doesn't yearn for some force (say, a Tornado to whisk you from Kansas to Oz!) to empower them, especially when things seem hopeless? But faith---even when it is only partly blindis a very dangerous creature; the course of revolutionary movements is littered with the corpses of those who were slashed to bits by "comrades" acting in the name of transhistorical forces, proclaiming their faith in an authority larger than themselves, serving it sometimes obediently, sometimes critically--the better, as apostles of the Holy Truth, to rationalize our actions and to win converts. Faith in some larger-than-life force--the "inevitable progress of history"-stirs the kettle of meaning in our souls, a meaning built upon a sense of serving some higher Absolute which wends its way objectively regardless of what we do. Why History would need us, then, to do its bidding is dismissed with a wave of the dialectical wand and a shrug of the shoulders. How we crave forces beyond our own frail human
hands to bless our activities and imbue them with meaning beyond the immediate, whose emblems we could engrave upon our shields and whose scarves we

Absolute because the left had developed no capacity to deal with the existential crisis capitalism prompts in sensitive, caring people, and which the left bring s out into consciousness. Tormented by guilt, feeling helpless, there was no net to catch her in her moment of turmoil. And so she fell. Misa was not the only one desperate for a quick way out. Prior to the Gulf war, many high school students who use the subway station near my apartment would express their disgust with the "me-first-ism" they felt all around them, the lust for gold chains and material greed. They wanted something more communal, more artistic from life. Many told me that they would volunteer for the military "to serve
their country," not, as

could wrap around our lance.s or embroider on our baseball caps, in whose name we could fight. How the left needs its history that way, invents its History. Whether or not history does function that way is beside the point. We need to function that way, whether it wants to or not. Faith forgives our transgressions and, if only in our minds, turns failure into success; it keeps us impotent. Faith in the inevitable victory of the proletariat-which should logically produce lethargy-abruptly produces its opposite-a vast explosion of immediate and all-consuming activity, pressured by the emergency of the moment. From the one to the other in a blink of the eye! Faith, its batteries charging us with non-stop activity, provides an excuse for leftists to avoid dealing with their fears, emotions, childhood abuse and conditioned "needs." It causes them to reproduce all the destructive social relations of the society they're trying to transform. You would think then, since every Marxist agrees that one's consciousness is inextricably intertwined with the

material conditions! of existence, it would be reasonable to inquire what circumstances make it possible for people to supersede their impotence, withstand the enormous societal pressures to claw their way over each other and conform to bourgeois standards, and transform their lives. But reasonableness is, unfortunately, no more a virtue of the left than of anyone else; leftists rarely are able to stop reproducing, in daily life, everything that oppresses them. As capital has become more and more able to integrate rebellion, all too often our forms of rebellion themselves reproduce oppression, preventing the blossoming of empowered individuals and the emergence of the type of communities of resistance and nurturance needed for widespread social change. Oppression is not only something outside of us but it's in our heads as well; every moment ol daily life in capitalism we, as workers, reproduce ou own alienated condition Simply by being a worker and producing value, we increase capital's power to expand geographically, and intensively, over more and more facets of our lives. The Left's vision of a new and better society twines itself around its faith in the inevitable dissolution of the old one. Vision and Faith are twin helixes that both empower and rigidify, disempower and make things feel hopeless and lonely, embolden armies that we need to win and yet, at the same time, sow the seeds of our own destruction, depending on the circumstances. For it is those "circumstances" that are all-important. When Sandra began organizing a Red Balloon collective at Allegheny State College in western Pennsylvania in the early 1980s, she'd spend a lot of time talking about the ills of imperialism with her roommate, Misa, who was very sensitive to that issue; in fact, Misa was shaken to the quick by some of their discussions on the nature of capitalism and especially on the meaninglessness of daily life in bourgeois society. Having nowhere to turn to explore those shaken pebbles of consciousness, since Red Balloon was too fledgling at that time and place to heal the deep wounds that already existed in her and that daily life, prompted by discussion with Sandra, began bringing to the surface, Misa became a Moonie. She turned to a fascist group to fill the void, as it promised to connect her to some larger universe based on Absolute Faith. Fifty years ago, Marxist psychoanalyst Wilhelm Reich brilliantly revealed this process in the Mass Psychology of Fascism, and Erich Fromm was to revisit it, though not as incisively, in Fear and Freedom. The feelings of powerlessness and lack of meaning, along with a growing awareness of the horrors of capitalism, led Misa to look for something, some Absolute, that would organize her consciousness around its questions, since the left was not powerful enough to help her to wreste with all that pain in anything but a disorganized way, alone. We spent many months working with members of a very fine and insightful group, Ex-Moon, trying to bring Misa back from the living dead (and trying to get Sandra to stop blaming herself). We failed. Misa, like Marja, threw herself into faith in some transcendental

most leftists believed, to get out of desperate economic straits but to find some higher purpose, some philosophy of collectivity and idealism (perhaps best exemplified in John F. Kennedy's "Ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country," which they often quoted). They tragically believed they could find that in the military. I'd try to talk them.out of it, but until high school students themselves organized Students Against War in New York, I had no alternative to suggest that they involve themselves in and my consciousness raising efforts were futile. Much of Red Balloon's approach to political organizing-our "theory and philosophy"--derives from examining such seemingly subjective processes and challenging the left over its complete lack of interest in how fascism succeeds through its re-organization of the subjectivity of people in crisis. Radicals must examine the effects of their efforts: How do people feel when their securities are thrown up in the air and they are gasping for breath beneath the onslaught of information the left provides? Too often, exposing this or that abuse of capitalism ends up reinforcing the very system the strategy had hoped to challenge. How can people create the kind of safe spaces needed to explore the calamities of their own lives, which have frustrated them and locked them into patterns of powerlessness, easy pickings for fascist groups? Instead of fleeing from examining psychological dynamics, we need to fearlessly explore all of that "subjectivist nonsense" (as the left has, for too long, termed it). It's not nonsense at all. Creating and defending the safe spaces-"liberated zones"-as the Women's Liberation Movement had begun to do in the early seventies before getting sidetracked and co-opted, is integral to what we need to de as revolutionaries. We must make it part of our vision, our revolutionary philosophy. Since the demise of the new left, Marxists in the U.S. have framed all strategic considerations in terms of "educating" the working class in order to overcome the workers' supposed "false consciousness" which, says most of the left, underlies the lack of revolutionary working class movement here. I am proposing a different relationship between strategy and consciousness. I reject the entire notion of false consciousness and therefore the strategy of raising consciousness based on it. Radicals need to disown the notion that people's seeming inaction-and I say "seeming" because people alays act, often in ways undetected by leftist detectives who frame their "searches" only within certain commonly accepted forms (like workers' "strikes" or ritualized "protests")--is primarily a matter of "false conscious-

The Stony Brook Press page 6

ness," and that the way to overcome it is by raising people's consciousness by piling on ever-more information about how bad things are and exhorting them to act. That is vanguardism of the worst sort. It generated the ideology of "expertise," wielding information as power, promoting elitism and party-type organizations which frustrate what is most important to accomplish-a change in the ways people in any given culture experience the information, and not the information itself. That is best attained by sharing very personal explorations of emotions childhood abuse sexuality, powerlessness, victimization friendships and love and the search fol meaning-areas thai data, ever more data cannot reach, for the problem is not quan. titative.* People change b) cnanging memselves. ihey are not changed by leftists seeking to raise their consciousness. They do so, mostly, as they find themselves in new situations requiring new ways of thinking. It is only a changed situation that creates conditions necessary for people to being changing themselves. We must ask: How do those situations come about? In general, it is not a lack of political consciousness that keeps people in the U.S. from taking action to remedy their situation, but a carefully orchestrated fragmentation, isolation and sense of impotence. Too many leftists spend their hours propounding the Truth about issue after issue in the abstract; they invent boring slogans and even more boring rallies that can only serve to reinforce dependence on policy-makers, and thereby our own impotence. Of course not every activity, by itself, will be fun and creative (often, only the context givesit its creativity and meaning, which are not necessarily intrinsic to every isolated logistic). But that Free Spirit-the potential for the full development of every individual-has to be allowed-indeed, encouraged-to emerge in all its glorious creativity and not be hammered into forms that strangle it and negate its importance. Our task, as radicals, is to develop the new society within the belly of the old. Our strategies must, unlike those of the old left, compel the formation of communi ties of resistance and nurturance through which people act directly and unmediated to express their subversive relationship to the existing capitalist aesthetic, ways of relating, exploitation, alienation and oppression-that is to live. and not merely consume in order to survive. Not for the sake of "others," but for.ourselves. Direct action, as strategy, is necessary "for our own" development, our own "self-help," to begin reclaiming bits and pieces of our own lives. Direct action, as strategy, guides us in how to go about doing everything-How we feed each other, raise children, produce goods, attack the system, select issues to fight around, set up guerrilla clinics to provide alternative health care and reproductive rights, take over abandoned buildings, fix them up and move in, train t protect ourselves from rapist, muggers and violent police attacks (at home) and against imperialist forays abroad, provide for our common defense, circulate underground newspapers and videos, and communicate and network. Temporary "communities of resistance and nurturance"--the formations that most encourage individual
self development within the larger collectivity-spring up and die out continuously. Every struggle generates nodal points (or, in more epochal terms, "revolutionary periods") during which time direct action communities of resistance and nurturance can, potentially, blossom, combine and vie with the exiting institutions and social relations to create new ways and conditions through which everyday life is reorganized-that is, Whose

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rhythms control the space? The problem for leftists is to figure out how to strengthen such moments of "dual power," and to involve themselves in those arenas that seem to hold the most potential at any particular time for giving rise to and sustaining such communities-a far different understanding of the role of revolutionaries than held by most of the left. The primary task of revolutionaries in the United States today is to: 1) Solid-up the tiny slivers of resistance-embryonic "liberated zones"wherever they develop, wherever people are acting directly to accomplish even the tiniest seemingly non-political thing for themselves; 2) Where necessary (and those decisions depend upon our overall analysis), create them where they don't arise on their own (which could border on "vanguardism," an all-too-prevalent trap which we must guard against); and, 3) Encourage and facilitate networking, cooperation and councils among them-in some ways, more an artistic project than a traditionally-conceived "political" one. Our discussions about radical strategy should focus on how to solid them up, both philosophically and materially. There is an art to insurrection, an aesthetic to deflecting the crushing blows of capital and amplifying its dissonance until it fractures as a result of its own vibrations; direct action communities of resistance and nurturance are crystals of collective self-development and empowerment through which the new worked hums. The contradictions of daily life structured by and under the real domination of capital throw different sectors of the population into motion continuously and, during widespread dislocation, generate fertile conditions for mass communalist movements. But, they also accelerate the potential for fascist ones and for reproducing capitalist forms and ways of seeing in ever-more virulent strains. So we must recognize that the often unconscious psychological dynamics of people in motion-even when' they are joining fascist groups, or when they are members of so-called "gangs" at moments of social upheaval--contain the potential to explode in revolutionary direct actions as well. Within every danger there also resides opportunity, if only we learn to look for it and nurture it. That dual potential is a feature of all motion, even the most repressed and debilitating. It carries within it liberatory as well as oppressive (or disempowering) seeds. Even vicious movements that are all-too-frighteningly reminiscent of the brownshirts of the 1930s, like David Duke's, grow only by finding and manipulating the liberatory longings in their mass-base. Radicals must develop the discipline and insight, which can take many years, to find and nourish those potentially liberatory seeds that lay buried in every moment, even in those controlled by capital, and learn how to wrest them fee of capital's hegemony. In the process, we learn to reframe the situauons oetore us, enauing us to generate new ana meamngful choices in whose soil direct action communities of resistance and nurturance can blossom. Unless we actually foster the creating of formsthrough which people act directly and unmediated to express their subversive relationship to the existing capitalist aesthetic, ways of relating, exploitation, alienation and oppression and not merely "deconstruct" itthat is, unless we live the revolution and not merely talk about the need for all of that (which reduces revolution to a future event and not a process we are involved in in the here and now)-all the exposes in the world will only succeed in at best momentarily shaking people up. When there is no existing alternative community or counter-culture helping individuals to understand and shape their own emotional consciousness (despite the constant projection of individualism as America's distinguishing feature), shaking people up in the abstract only provides fascism the opportunity to reap the grim rewards, with its offering of an Absolutist faith (as opposed to empathy, love, human-based spirituality) in the fiihrer, state, nuclear family, master, History, Vanguard Party, Dialectic, God-abstracted, substitute communities on phony transcendental missions. Radicals can no longer allow the crusade for Objective Historical Inevitability to be wielded as a sword by leftists desperate to avoid the chasm of their own meaninglessness. "Faith" in some programmatic absolute can no longer be allowed to stifle revolutionary spirituality. Only through such direct action communities can revolutionary ideology truly become a material force. Laura and I arrived in Berkeley in the summer of 1992 after an exhilarating three-week trip across the country. Laura was leaving the trotskyist group she had spent a decade building, "the Spark." In fact, Laura was its main New York City organizer. The Spark was quickly turning into a cult and collapsing around the best and most sensitive of its cadre. A few days after we got to Berkeley, a 19-year-old anarchist named Rosebud was murdered by an Oakland cop after she was cornered in the mansion where the Chancellor of the university lives. Rosebud had gone there to confront the Chancellor over his evictions of homeless people from People's Park, and his refusal to meet with anarchist organizers and the homeless. The cop who killed her had a long history of brutality; he justified killing her by saying: "She lungedat me with a machete." Why hadn't he used a stun gun, or tear gas? Better, why didn't he just withdraw and arrange for a negotiating team to be brought in? Why was 96-pound Rosebud shot at least once in the front and twice in the back? These questions have never been answered, and no government officials are asking them. Rosebud's frustrated and desperate act, which ended in her murder, must be seen not only in terms of the University's oppression of the surrounding community but in light of what hopes leftists helped raise in her without developing a place for her (and others) to go with them. Aside from challenging (and rioting against) the outright lies by the university and police force (which I've enumerated in other articles), and the fact that a number of other options were certainly available to the forces of law 'n order that would have removed Rosebud

from the scene without injuring or killing her, we need to ask of ourselves: What was the responsibility of leftists in general, as well as those close to Rosebud (among them at least one member of Red Balloon, who was himself killed in New York City last year), to have worked with her in developing a creative, systemic, organized and longterm effort into which sne coma nave put ner ntelligence, outrage ana energy? Why did she feel so powerless? I suspect it had as much to do with her friends' inability to work out forms that could embody their vision and give coherence to the often inarticulate struggles of the larger radical community (their "subjectivity"), as it did with the university's crackdown on the homeless people and the politicos in People's Park (the "objective situation"). Even to this day, a year later, some of Rosebud's friends-whom the rest allow to speak for "the Park"

continued on page 8 April 26, 1994 page 7

-April 27QOpenr Microphoan
Music, poetry, and the odd film Hosted by Rob Gilheany

-April 28Coloquium


. .......




/ "The Principle of competition in ecology and society." Presented by Chuck Wright, Tim Morton and Casimir Ivanbrook. 6:00 p.m. Sponsored by the Graduate School Reggae explodes at The Spot with the return of INITI Hosted by WUSB DJs CopperTop and KNBret.


WED. 7-11 THURS. 8-1 FRI.. 8-2 SAT. T.B .A.

Cafe Me nu Lounge
The GSL is supported by the Graduate aStudent Organization and the Faculty Student Association. On certain nights a small fee will be collected at the door to cover the cost of live entertainment.

· I

Vegetarian Dishes : · · .·
IRed Balloon continued from page 7
movement and who unnecessarily alienate that movement further from potential allies in the surrounding neighborhoods-stupidly consider her desperate actions to be "heroic" and "anarchist," thus maintaining a false vision of what anarchism is, and keeping the vicious circle of powerlessness spinning. Where can radicals go to examine their feelings of impotence honestly, without the requisite bravado apparently necessary to being considered a good "anarchist"? What is the official left doing to strengthen those forms, instead of condemning what are mainly desperate individualistic actions which occur because young committed activists like Rosebud have nowhere to go with their inner revolutionary turmoil, once their consciousness has been stirred up? In Berkeley, where the primary anarchist raison d'8tre is to "fuck shit up" with nary a thought of how one gets from A to B, committed young people are forced to contend with their own helplessness in trying to empower themselves, with little help (and often condemnation) from older leftists. There is no space or form that validates their fears and draws them out, making it okay to talk about them instead of plunging them down behind a wall of bravado and machismo. But to condemn the machismo without at the same time condemning one's
; s II I -c--P - --

Fannie Brice Roosevelt Quad (2nd Floor)
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own failure to work with younger folks around their concerns propels dedicated people like Rosebud to selfdestructive actions, and at the same time allows the state to get away with murder, literally. The fact that Rosebud found herself in the situation she was in, and that her telephone call for help from inside the mansion was misinterpreted as heroism, is a political concern, as well as a human one. So it is, too, that Misa joined the Moonies; that Marja found religion; and that Laura internalized the things her group was saying about her, rendering her complicit in her own destruction (and, to her credit, it is also worth exploring, as a political question, how she able to turn it around and resist it). Leftists who ignore or render secondary the inner turmoil their consciousness-raising, as well as everyday life in capitalism, helps stir up not only do so at their peril but fail to understand the subjectivity that propels the objective circumstances, and the objective nature of the way we experience the world in given periods-that is, the objectivity of subjectivity.

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*I discuss all this in great detail in 'Turning Motion Into Movement: Tips for Anti-Apartheid and Other Activists on the Campuses," which is Chapter Four of my book, Zen-Marxism: Subjective Factors in Devising Revolutionary Strategy.
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The Stony Brook Press page 8

Dear Azazel: What is the going rate for the sale of a slightly used soul, and how does one go about it? I am about to finish my Ph.D., which I wrote to you about before. Now I need a job and there just aren't any to be had. Here are the details on the relevant property: one soul. slightlv used. Nearly completed Ph.D. Academically inclined with only a few outstanding sins (couple of incidences of undetected petty plagiarism). 32 years old (OK, so it's not such low mileage, but about par for the course in my discipline). Not completely a virgin, but only slept'with two of my Ph.D. committee members. I'm prepared to be realistic. Do you think I could trade this for a tenure track job at, say, a community college in Wyoming? How about a bankrupt four-year school under Moonie control?
.. .. 7 --------- -- '' 4 ... ... . . d ..

pwusait- b6"t to what end? What excctly does a Ph.D. add to ones life other than the a funky epithet? lOn words of 3ohn Shea, Ph.D. (Anthropology), a Ph.D. is "a license to commit science'" WhCat this


Yours (if you agree), Perturbed, Ph.D. (Pending) Perturbed; problem. Call .No me and we can discuss the details. 7 can be reacked at the Press at 632-6451 or the address given below. 3 hink, however that perhaps yoA are not the only perturbed persor with this particular problem. Therefore Z will endeavor to elaborate upon ithe esoteric nuances ofthe post-doctorate employment search. A young man once remarked to a fel0he low academician that was somewhat despairec that althoug• kis Aundernear 9 raduate work was ing completion his imminent 3B.A. would leave *« l d I* l Nim quar•ipelo TO co inme

suggestions as to jeAst what sort of work varioMs Ph.D.s migkt qutalif yo4 for: Anthropology- manager's asst. at 7-11; Computer Science- Sega Genesis research & development dept.; Psychology- retail sales; Engineeringb6 s/cab driver; IB&siness/ EconomicssanitatiHon; Art SHistory- retail sales; Visal ATrts- panhandling; Performing A rts- waiter/waitress; Social Sciences- State Welfare Dept.; 6ngllisk/Comparative Literature- kigk school teacher; ooumnalism- hotse cleaning/maid; Religios Studiesstreet corner lunatic; Philosopky- child rearing hasband; MAarine Sciencespro. s&rpng; 13io-

chem.- Koreanenglish translator; +History-professional atWete; Liberal Amrtsgroceries bagger; MathWPhysics- takeout delivery;

Engineering- bartender; Political Science- StLAN administration; \ stronomy/G eologynew age retail; Linguistics- do they really give Ph.D.'s in this?; Women's Studies- housewife; Physical idcationtelemarketing; Icology & Evolutionzookeeper; Africana Studiestranslates into is money; 9 rants, salaries, etc. A Ph.D. raises the ceiling othe maximum yearly salary one can earn. Access to this gilded world, however, is contingent upon one's ability to write grants, do research, and of course get a job. Since you have repeatedly neglected to disclosejust wich discipline you are working in, here are sever-

more than pump gas or wait tables. The older man replied, perhaps in an attempt to be comforting, that his freshly acqucired Ph.D. merely qualifed him to teach, puAnp gas, or wait tables. For me, phis story captures the essence ofthe problem. One spends thousands of dollars and more than a decade (or two, for some) in academic

M\clDonalds/13urger King manager.



Please send all correspondence to The Stony Brook Press Room 060 & 061 Student Union Stony Brook New York 11794-2790

April 26,1994 page 9

Why Couldn't It Have Been Eddie Vedder?
By Scott J. Lusby oughly. This is why Nirvana broke; teens identified with the lyrics. I found myself, upon listening to this It's now been a couple of weeks since Nirvana front- tune, thinking back to my teen-age days-and found man Kurdt Cobain ended his life-and thereby ending them within the song's lyrics. Nirvana's tenure as "The Greatest Rock and Roll As I delved further into Nevermind's repertoire, I Band." I have since had time to sort out my thoughts found more genius. "Territorial Pissings" demanded the concerning his suicide, and, rather than complain abut destruction it discussed; "Lounge Act" and "On A what a fucking idiot he was for taking his life, maybe Plain" soon became my favorite songs; indeed "I start some fond memories-a eulogy, if you will-would be this song without any words/I got so high, I scratched more appropriate. 'till I bled" became perhaps my favorite lines. But, after I remember when I first heard Nirvana. It was the repeated listenings, the true aspect of this album's summer of '91-just before Nevermind's release. My greatness revealed itself to me in the form of pain. The partner-in-crime, Ted Swedalla, had just gotten hold of pain spewed forth in every song-from "Teen Spirit" a compilation disk entitled The Grunge Years-A Sub- through "Something in the Way"-was real. So rarely Pop Collection. On this disk was an amazing, raw, dri- does such strength of emotion reveal itself so clearly ving song called "Dive" by some unknown band. This through music these days-this was a refreshing was the sound-the sound I had been searching for all change from "Cherry Pie" or "Seventeen." Little did I these years. The sound that had eluded Sonic Youth and know that this pain was so great, so real that it would The Replacements. This sound was literally NIR- eventually overcome its very source. VANA-and I reveled in it, craved for more. With Nevermind's success came ridiculous amounts I found more. Within a week, I had connedTed into of airplay, which brought about some anxious thoughts lending me Bleach, Nirvana's first album. This album as to Nirvana "selling out" in the future. I was worried cost only $600+ to produce-and it was evident. Yet, that this genius, that was so pure, so true would leave even with the limitations of the 8-track used to record us for fame, glamour and fortune. I would be proven Bleach, their was a certain genius to its composition. wrong again. Maybe it was precisely this raw, unrefined energy that After a while, Incesticide was released. This was the 8-track recordings produced that created this genius. mostly B-sides and never-before-released recordings Maybe it was the range of composition, from heavier done during the Bleach days. Of course, this was quite numbers such as "School," "Negative Creep" and enjoyable, but I.was still awaiting some new stuff. "Floyd the Barber" to more sedate ones like "About a Finally, I got it. In Utero managed to do two things: Girl" that made this genius. Regardless, I was in love. 1) satisfy the record company by slickly producing Then, in late August of '91, Nevermind broke onto "Heart-Shaped Box" and "All Apologies." 2) Satisfy the scene. Quickly, Ted and myself purchased copies, the "purists" by returning to a Bleach-like sound for the and eagerly popped it into the CD player. What we rest of the album. I accepted this; I just skipped over heard surprised us. The sound was slightly "cleaned "Heart-Shaped Box" and "All Apologies" (I heard up"; it was slightly less raw, more refined. This fact enough of those songs on MTV and the radio anyway), disturbed me; this was the sound I had searched for concentrating on more desirable tunes such as "Dumb" over the years, had finally found, and suddenly lost. But (which brought back memories of "About a Girl"), just when I thought this musical genius was lost, I "Very Ape" and "Pennyroyal Tea." Again, the pain was found another source-the lyrics. "Smells Like Teen there, but mixed more with flashes of happiness; this Spirit," although extremely overplayed, captured the gave it a roller-coaster, up-and-down quality (indeed, American teenager's mindset so completely, so thor- almost a manic depressive quality). I was happy. Then came Rome. As everyone has now realized, this was a last, desperate "cry for help;" not the "accident" he said it was. What everyone doesn't realize is that Kurdt had been "crying for help" for 2 1/2 years-in his music. Finally, he was dead. The short, stormy days of Nirvana were over. I wasn't really surprised, maybe more momentarily shocked. Anyone who listenedreally listened-to his music could see this coming. It was there, in the lyrics. It was in his interviews with Rolling Stone and MTV. And now, bringing to mind thoughts of fellow Seattle natives Jimi Hendrix and Andrew Wood (of Mother Love Bone), he has gone and joined that "stupid club" in heaven (or wherever dead rock geniuses go). I mention Andrew Wood because there are many parallels between him and Kurdt. Besides being from Seattle, both fronted major bands (MLB was on the verge of major commercial success when Wood died); both used heroin extensively (Wood died of a heroin overdose); both had an emotional energy that was evident in their music (try listening to MLB sometime); and both had been compared to other dead rock legends: Wood with Freddy Mercury and Cobain with Jim Morrison (in many a music lover's mind, anyway). Now, it seems that Pearl Jam is heir apparent to the throne of "Greatest Rock Band"; this is unacceptable. Ten was an amazing album, full of the same pain, the same emotion that Nevermind brought us. But Vs. is a major disappointment-there is no real powerful stuff on it. So, again, we are left searching for "The Greatest Rock Band." Ironically, had Andrew Wood never died, there would be no Pearl Jam (Stone Gossard and Jeff Ament are MLB alums). All this brings two questions to mind: 1) Who is going to do the "Temple of the Dog" (a tribute to Andrew Wood) album for Kurdt? 2) Why couldn't it have been Eddie Vedder? Writer's Note: Ted Swedalla and Lou Moran, News Editor of Suffolk Community College's Compass contributed to this article.

Spring is here, damnit !

This isyour last God-forsaken chance.


We accept all poetry, short stories, one act plays, artwork and photographs. Deadline isApril 28th. Please send all work to: The Stony Brook Press Suite 060-061, Student Union SUNY @ Stony Brook Stony Brook, NY 11794 L - Ak & L krA, mN EM% LA .AWW&A ý ý A kN Amr

L- & L- I

The Stony Brook Press page 10

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By Rachel S. Wexelbaum for those who still did not find a mate

film Bambi, the owl

Watch cats and dogs in springtime. Whether they are housepets or outdoor animals, they will experience spring fever just like humans. Not only will pets express a strong interest to go outside, but they will sigh and roll around on the floor with silly grins on their faces. In Disney's classic

had called lovesick young creatures reveling in springtime
"twitterpated". Only three things register in the minds of the twitterpatedwarmth, love and the beauty of nature. These three things -stimulate their lusts, and drive the little buggers to look for someone with whom to experience the

beauty of life together. And we all know
that the beauty of -" :""

life can be experienced in many different waysl
The animals who are not twitterpated during the spring are

giving birth. Spring
fever is usually only experienced by the young who have not yet had their first sexual encounter. Their parents tell them to enjoy their youth while they can, before they must conform to instinct and mating cycles. After they reach sexual maturity, most of our animal friends no longer seek romance. They begin to see intercourse as a job to replenish the species, which must be done quickly and efficiently. Males become autocratic and females turn into helpless victims drafted into motherhood. Such is the expected pattern of things in Nature, a cold reality with a pretty face. But there are some animals who never outlive their adolescence. These are the ones who, for whatever reason, will never reproduce. Rules of the mating game might not apply to them, and they are often out of sync with the rest of their people. Sometimes their kinspeople will kill them, just to put their children out of future miseries. How does a person survive in the real world in a perpetual state of twitterpation? It is not easy for humans nor for our animal friends... Deer bear their young in the spring, as do most herd animals. The bucks go deep into the forest to perform male-bonding rituals, leaving the does to raise the kids by themselves. No buck lifts a hoof to assist with childbirth or wipe a runny nose, but he will

have-especially when it comes to women. Unfortunately, none of the women wanted Doeeven though she was the leader-and this made her very sad. The young stags sympathized with her, for it was not easy to find a girlfriend, but when the leader was out of earshot they laughed behind her back. "Does she honestly think they'll take her serithno.nht . har ously?" the young stags snickered. rlvl mother, should And Doe stopped searching for her Dear. She not be denied moped about the meadows by herself, until her mothany opportunity er found her. "Stop feeling sorry for yourself," Doe's t j; , in society no mother ordered. "I didn't raise you to be like that." ~Iz matter what the "You didn't raise me right at all!" Doe shouted. "I raised you to have power." cost. Doe was //'.: encouraged to "What good is it if I can't have a mate?" "You just haven't found the right one yet. There are play with the male lots of deer in this big world, and don't you forget it." young fawns to learn And one day, when Doe least expected it, a Dear Sabout war, found her. A new buck entered the herd, and he -diplomacy, and behaved in a peculiar manner. He flicked his ears flir: chivalry, and tatiously like a doe, and batted his eyelashes the Doe learned same way. Doe thought this very strange, and she went to talk to him. The other stags and bucks gathquickly. As Doe got a ered 'round to hear what he and the master of the little older, she herd would say to each other. watched her They sniffed each other, looked each other in the Sfriends proudly eye, then went off alone into the deep woods. They polish their new would have a bonding ritual of their own... nubby antlers And it was all very peculiar indeed, for Doe and Son the trees. Dear began to spend lots oftime together. The othwanted ers did not understand why her belly was growing, SShe antlers, too, and and why Dear would frolick around her like a the bucks lovesick puppy, because Doe still looked at other laughed at her does and Dear flirted with other bucks. Somehow, request. When. however, it all made sense to the animals and they Doe told her chose to accept it. mother that The following spring, Doe bore her first child--a litF, evening, the tle boy-and Dear had the responsibility of raising it. woman replied, The fawn grew up and took his mother's place as "Pay them no master of the herd, found his doe and continued the mind, child. You cycle of life. are clever and you have strong hind legs- swift kick packs more punch than their antlers. Not only that, but those antlers will fall off come winter. You are at a bigger advantage than you think, so hold your head up." Mom was right, as usual. Doe won every battle with fawn, stag and buck, and soon she became master of the herd. But spring arrived, and Doe realized that there was more to life than fighting. She saw her Dear one dewy morning, and she fell in love. Confidently Doe walked toward her Dear and whispered, "I know a place where there is sweet clover and honeysuckle. Would you like me to lead you there?" Dear nodded yes, and followed Doe with graceful steps to a secluded clearing. Doe watched Dear daintily nibble the clover, and this sight made her happier than anything in the world. "Eat your fill," she told Dear. "It is all for you..." After Dear could eat no more Doe received a gentle lick on the ear. "Thank you for showing me this place," Dear said. "I am sure my boyfriend will like it very much." There is nothing that the master of the herd cannot

risk his life in order to become master of the herd. Does, of course, are banned from that position. Except for one who lived on Fire Island... She was a beautiful doe, with melting brown eyes and butterfly ears. After she was born her mother had decided to raise her like a young buck, for the child was big, strong and stubborn. Such a child,

April 26, 1994 pagell


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