Keyboard Shortcuts For Windows and Mac

Keyboard shortcuts are often used in modern operating systems and computer software programs.
Using keyboard shortcuts could save you a lot of time.
Basic Shortcuts
Description Windows Mac OS
dit menu !lt " #trl " F$ " F
File menu !lt " F #trl " F$ "
%iew menu !lt " % #trl " F$ " %
Select all te&t #trl " ! #md " !
#opy te&t #trl " # #md " #
Find te&t #trl " F #md " F
Find and replace te&t #trl " ' #md " F
(ew )ocument #trl " ( #md " (
*pen a file #trl " * #md " *
+rint options #trl " + #md " +
Save file #trl " S #md " S
+aste te&t #trl " % #md " %
#ut te&t #trl " , #md " ,
-edo te&t #trl " . Shift " #md " /
Undo te&t #trl " / #md " /
0e&t diting
Description Windows Mac OS
Cursor Movement
1o to the right or to the beginning of ne&t line break -ight !rrow -ight !rrow
1o to the left or to the end of previous line break 2eft !rrow 2eft !rrow
1o up one row Up !rrow Up !rrow
1o down one row )own !rrow )own !rrow
1o to the beginning of the current line 'ome #md " 2eft !rrow
1o to the end of the current line nd #md " -ight !rrow
1o to the beginning of the document #trl " 'ome #md " Up !rrow
1o to the end of the document #trl " nd #md " )own !rrow
Move up one frame +age Up Fn " Up !rrow
Move down one frame +age )own Fn " )own !rrow
1o to beginning of previous word #trl " 2eft !rrow *ption " 2eft !rrow
1o to beginning of ne&t word #trl " -ight !rrow *ption " -ight !rrow
1o to beginning of line break #trl " Up !rrow #md " 2eft !rrow
1o to end of line break #trl " )own !rrow #md " -ight !rrow

Text Selection
Select characters to the left Shift " 2eft !rrow Shift " 2eft !rrow
Select characters to the right Shift " -ight !rrow Shift " -ight !rrow
Select lines upwards Shift " Up !rrow Shift " Up !rrow
Select lines downwards Shift " )own !rrow Shift " )own !rrow
Select words to the left Shift " #trl " 2eft Shift " *pt " 2eft
Select words to the right Shift " #trl " -ight Shift " *pt " -ight
Select paragraphs to the left Shift " #trl " Up Shift " *pt " Up
Select paragraphs to the right Shift " #trl " )own Shift " *pt " )own
Select te&t between the cursor and the beginning of the
current line
Shift " 'ome #md " Shift " 2eft !rrow
Select te&t between the cursor and the end of the current
line
Shift " nd #md " Shift " -ight !rrow
Select te&t between the cursor and the beginning of the
document
Shift " #trl " 'ome #md " Shift " Up !rrow or
#md " Shift " Fn " 2eft
!rrow
Select te&t between the cursor and the end of the
document
Shift " #trl " nd #md " Shift " )own !rrow
or #md " Shift " Fn "
-ight !rrow
Select one frame at a time of te&t above the cursor Shift " +age Up Shift " Fn " Up !rrow
Select one frame at a time of te&t below the cursor Shift " +age )own Shift " Fn " )own !rrow
Select all te&t #trl " ! #md " !
Find te&t #trl " F #md " F

Text Formatting
Make selected te&t bold #trl " B #md " B
Make selected te&t italic #trl " 3 #md " 3
Underline selected te&t #trl " U #md " U
Make selected te&t superscript #trl " Shift " 4 #md " Shift " 4
Make selected te&t subscript #trl " 4 #md " 4

Text Editing
)elete characters to the left Backspace Backspace
)elete characters to the right )elete Fn " Backspace
)elete words to the right #trl " )el #md " Backspace
)elete words to the left #trl " Backspace #md " Fn " Backspace
3ndent 0ab 0ab
*utdent Shift " 0ab Shift " 0ab
#opy te&t #trl " # #md " #
Find and replace te&t #trl " ' #md " F
+aste te&t #trl " % #md " %
#ut te&t #trl " , #md " ,
-edo te&t #trl " . Shift " #md " /
Undo te&t #trl " / #md " /
Web Browsers
Description Windows Mac OS
Navigation
Scroll down a frame Space or +age )own Space or Fn " )own !rrow
Scroll up a frame Shift " Space or +age Up Shift " Space or Fn " Up
!rrow
1o to bottom of the page nd #md " )own !rrow
1o to top of the page 'ome #md " Up !rrow
1o back !lt " 2eft !rrow or
Backspace
#md " 2eft !rrow
1o forward !lt " -ight !rrow or Shift "
Backspace
#md " -ight !rrow
-efresh a webpage F5 #md " -
-efresh a webpage 6no cache7 #trl " F5 #md " Shift " -
Stop sc sc
0oggle full8screen F99 #md " Shift " F
/oom in #trl " " #md " "
/oom out #trl " 8 #md " 8
/oom 9::; 6default7 #trl " : #md " :
*pen homepage !lt " 'ome *ption " 'ome or *ption "
Fn " 2eft !rrow
Find te&t #trl " F #md " F

Tab / Window Management
*pen a new tab #trl " 0 #md " 0
#lose current tab #trl " W #md " W
#lose all tabs #trl " Shift " W #md " <
#lose all tabs e&cept the current tab #trl " !lt " F= #md " *pt " W
1o to ne&t tab #trl " 0ab #ontrol " 0ab or #md "
Shift " -ight !rrow
1o to previous tab #trl " Shift " 0ab Shift " #ontrol " 0ab or
#md " Shift " 2eft !rrow
1o to a specific tab number #trl " 98> #md " 98>
1o to the last tab #trl " ? #md " ?
-eopen the last closed tab #trl " Shift " 0 #md " Shift " 0
*pen a new window #trl " ( #md " (
#lose current window !lt " F= #md " W
1o to ne&t window !lt " 0ab #md " 0ab
1o to previous window !lt " Shift " 0ab #md " Shift " 0ab
-eopen the last closed window #trl " Shift " (
*pen links in a new tab in the background #trl " #lick #md " #lick
*pen links in a new tab in the foreground #trl " Shift " #lick #md " Shift " #lick
+rint current webpage #trl " + #md " +
Save current webpage #trl " S #md " S

ddress !ar
#ycle between toolbar@ search bar@ and page elements 0ab 0ab
1o to browserAs address bar #trl " 2 or !lt " ) #md " 2
Focus and select the browserAs search bar #trl " #md " B #md " K
*pen the address bar location in a new tab !lt " nter *pt " nter
)isplay a list of previously typed addresses F=
!dd Cwww.C to the beginning and C.comC to the end of the
te&t typed in the address bar 6e.g.@ type CwDschoolsC and
press #trl " nter to open Cwww.wDschools.comC7
#trl " nter #md " nter or #ontrol "
nter

!oo"mar"s
*pen the bookmarks menu #trl " B #md " B
!dd bookmark for current page #trl " ) #md " *pt " B or #md "
Shift " B
*pen browsing history #trl " ' #md " Shift " ' or #md "
.
*pen download history #trl " E #md " E or #md " Shift " E
Screenshots
Description Windows Mac OS
Save screenshot of the whole screen as file #md " Shift " D
#opy screenshot of the whole screen to the clipboard +rtScr 6+rint Screen7 or #trl
" +rtScr
#md " #trl " Shift " D
Save screenshot of window as file #md " #trl " Shift " = "
Space
#opy screenshot of window to the clipboard !lt " +rtScr #md " #trl " Shift " = "
Space
#opy screenshot of wanted area to the clipboard #md " #trl " Shift " =
Save screenshot of wanted area as file #md " Shift " =
Note# )ue to different keyboard setups@ some shortcuts may not be compatible for all users.

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