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SUMMER LOAD CURVE/DAY

Sr No. Appliances AC/DC Power (W) Working Hours Energy (KWH)


1 Tube light AC 80 17.5 4.36
2 Energy Saver AC 30 12.25 0.545
3 Fan AC 100 20 5.025
4 Air Conditioner AC 1500 6 7.5
5 Oven AC 1500 0.5 0.6
6 Exhust fan AC 150 4 0.6
7 Washing m/c AC 1200 1 1.2
8 Mobile DC 10 3 0.1
9 Refrigerator AC 300 18 5.4
10 T.V AC 200 4 1.8
11 Laptop DC 40 3 0.2
12 Iron m/c AC 1000 0.25 0.25
13 Heater 5 0 0
14 Geyser 5 0 0
15 Stove 5 3.5 5.075
32.655 Total
Insert Load Curves as in Class Task.
SUMMER LOAD CURVE/DAY
0
0.5
1
1.5
2
2.5
3
3.5
4
4.5
5
0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10111213141516171819202122232425
K
W
H

TIME (HRS)
SUMMER LOAD CALCULATIONS
SHOULDER
DAY
PEAK
NIGHT
SHOULDER
INTERMEDIATE LOAD CURVE/DAY
Sr No. Appliances AC/DC Power (W) Working Hours Energy (KWH)
1 Tube light AC 80 17.5 4.36
2 Energy Saver AC 30 12.25 0.435
3 Fan AC 100 20 3.425
4 Air Conditioner AC 1500 0 0
5 Oven AC 1500 0.5 0.6
6 Exhaust fan AC 150 4 0.6
7 Washing m/c AC 1200 1 1.2
8 Mobile DC 10 3 0.1
9 Refrigerator AC 300 18 6
10 T.V AC 200 4 1.8
11 Laptop DC 40 3 0.2
12 Iron m/c AC 1000 0.25 1.25
13 Heater 5 0 0
14 Geyser 5 0 0
15 Stove 5 2.5 3.625
23.595 Total
Insert Load Curves as in Class Task.
INTERMEDIATE LOAD CURVE/DAY
WINTER LOAD CURVE/DAY
Sr No. Appliances AC/DC Power (W) Working Hours Energy (KWH)
1 Tube light AC 80 17.5 4.36
2 Energy Saver AC 30 11.5 0.415
3 Fan AC 100 0 0
4 Air Conditioner AC 1500 0 0
5 Oven AC 1500 0.5 0.6
6 Exhaust fan AC 150 4 0.6
7 Washing m/c AC 1200 1 1.2
8 Mobile DC 10 3 0.1
9 Refrigerator AC 300 18 5.4
10 T.V AC 200 4 1.8
11 Laptop DC 40 3 0.2
12 Iron m/c AC 1000 0.25 0.25
13 Heater 5 6 4.2
14 Geyser 5 5.5 3.9
15 Stove 5 3.5 5.075
28.1 Total
Insert Load Curves as in Class Task.
WINTER LOAD CURVE/DAY
SUMMER RUNNING LOAD/DAY
Sr No. Appliances AC/DC No. of appliances Power (W) Power(W) of N app Working Hours Energy (KWH)
1 Tube lights AC 2 80 160 5 0.8
2 Energy savers AC 3 30 90 3 0.18
3 Fan AC 3 100 300 6 1.2
4 Exhaust fan AC 1 150 150 1 0.15
700 2.33
Running Load on UPS
Insert running Load Curves of all seasons as in Class Task.
Total
Grid Line
(220 V)
Rectifire
(30 A)
Battery
(12V,185Ah)
Inverter
(1000W)
Load (700 W)
SUMMER RUNNING LOAD/DAY
12 VOLTS
185 AH
Power(VAH) 1800
Load factor 0.6
Power (W) 1080
First of all, we will calculate charging current for 120 Ah battery. As we know that charging current should be 10% of the Ah rating of battery.
185*(10/100) 18.5
10
10 Hours
1080W
10 hrs
BATTERY SPECIFICATIONS
charging current for 185 Ah battery
Charging time for 185 Ah battery
(battery Ah/charging current)
Battery full charging time
BATTERY CHARGING TIME
GRID ELECTRICITY UNITS TO CHARGE BATTERY
Battery power
Running load is the general term for the instruments/equipment that will draw power. Anything that uses electricity to do work will draw current.
The amount depends on how much resistance to current flow the device has and the amount of voltage applied to it, assuming the source has
more power to give than the load will use.
Battery charging time
Grid units required to charge the
battery
10.8
SUMMER RUNNING LOAD/DAY
Note:
Define running load and specifications of all components of the system, given that invert capacity is 1000 Watt.
Calculate No of hours required to fully charge the battery.
Designed system should fulfil load requirement for whole year.
Write down all calculations on same sheet.
Calculate Grid electricity units required to chrage battery.
SUMMER RUNNING LOAD/DAY
SUMMER RUNNING LOAD/DAY
SUMMER RUNNING LOAD/DAY
Note:
Define running load and specifications of all components of the system, given that invert capacity is 1000 Watt.
Calculate No of hours required to fully charge the battery.
Designed system should fulfil load requirement for whole year.
Write down all calculations on same sheet.
Calculate Grid electricity units required to chrage battery.
Sr No. Appliances AC/DC Power (W) No. of appliances Power of n appl. Working Hours Energy (KWH)
1 Tube light AC 80 2 160 5 0.8
2 energy saver AC 30 3 90 3 0.27
3 Fan AC 100 1 100 6 0.6
4 Mobile DC 10 2 20 1 0.02
5 Laptop DC 40 1 40 1 0.04
410 1.73
Running Load on Solar PV System
Total
Insert running Load Curves for all seasons as in Class Task.
Solar Panel
(500W)
Charge
Controller (10 A)
Battery (48V,150
Ah)
Inverter (600 W) Load (410 W)
Panel wattage 500 W
Cable sizing
1730W/day Length of cable(L) 40m
3.46 Max voltage drop(V-) 0.3V
4 Copper conductivity(k) 46.82
Current(A) 10
Cable section (L*A)/(K*V-)
Total load 410W Cable section(mm^2) 28.47785847
25% of load 102.5
Inverter size 512.5
600 W
Battery Capacity (Ah) =Total Watt-hours per day used by appliancesx Days of autonomy
Total watts hr per day 1730
Days of anatomy 2
141.339869
Solar charge controller rating = Total short circuit current of PV array x 1.3
Panel voltage 48 V
Load 410 W
Charge control size(A) 8.54166667
10A
PV Panel Sizing
Pv panels energy needed/day
No. of pv panels/modules ((1730/500))
No.of Pv panels/modules
CALCULATIONS
As inverter is 25% greter than the total load
Inverter sizing
Inverter size
Battery sizing
Battery capacity(Ah)
Charge controller size
(0.85 x 0.6 x nominal battery voltage)
Charge controller design
Write down all calculations on same sheet.
Designed system should fulfil load requirement for whole year.
Note:
Define running load and specifications of all components of the system, given that 500 Watt PV panels are installed at your home.
Sr No.Component Qty Type Specs Make Company Company Contact Price (Rs.)
1 Solar Panel 4 Poly crystaline 150W Nizam energy www.nizamsolar.com 36000
2 Charge Controller 1 10A Intechpower solution www.intechpowersolution.com 11,000
3 Battery 4 12V,150Ah osaka www.volta.com.pk 48,000
4 Inverter 1 600W Shenztech www(.)upsats(.)com 12,000
5 Solar Cables 1 40 m 28.47 mm2 Pakistan cables www.pakistancables.com 21,890
6
7
8
9
10
128890
Sr No.Component Qty Type Specs Make Company Company Contact Price (Rs.)
1 Rectifier
2 Battery 1 12V,185Ah Osaka www.volta.com.pk 13,500
3 Inverter 1 1000W 10,000
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
Annual Recurring Cost
UPS System
Total Capital Cost
Annual Recurring Cost
Annual Saving
Solar PV System
Total Capital Cost
Write down all calculations on same sheet.
Calculate payback period & NPV (rate of return=8%)for UPS and Solar PV System and show graphically.
Describe economic comparison between two systems.
Use electricity cost Rs.15 per KWH for calculations.
UPS SYSTEM
Payback period
grid units required to charge battery 10.8
unit cost(Rs.) 162
Discharging time 3hrs
Load running on ups 700W
Cost saving 94.5
Capital cost 23,500
Profit or loss/day -67.5
Profit or loss/year -24300
payback period(years) -0.96708
Net present worth
NPV -91,000.00
As NPV is negative so it is not profitable to install ups system
PV SYSTEM
capital cost 128890
Load/day 1.73kwh
Profit/day(Rs.) 25.95
profit/year 9342
payback period 13.79683151
payback period(years) 14 years
Net present worth
NPV $249,990.00
NPV Rs.249,990
So,it is profitable to install the pv system as NPV is positive