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TOC 1 INTRODUCTION 1.1 Scope 1.2 Purpose 1.3 Objective 1.3.1 Naturally Ventilated Buildings and Climate 1.3.2 Consideration of Natural Ventilation in the Design Process 1.4 Primary Criteria 1.5 Responsibilities of Planners and Designers 2 COOLING BY NATURAL VENTILATION 2.1 The Causes of Natural Ventilation 2.2 The Cooling Process 2.2.1 Bodily Cooling 2.2.2 Structural Cooling 2.2.3 Combinations of Bodily and Structural Cooling 2.2.4 Evaporative Cooling 2.2.5 Earth Cooling 2.2.6 Combinations of Natural Cooling Strategies 2.3 Comfort Criteria 2.3.1 The Effect of Air Movement 2.3.2 Required Air Velocities for Human Comfort 3 DESIGN CRITERIA 3.1 Building Design for Natural Ventilation 3.1.1 Introduction 3.1.2 Requirements and Recommendations 3.1.3 Special Considerations 3.1.4 Optimal Configuration to Encourage Ventilation 3.1.5 Analysis and Testing Procedure 3.2 Building Design for Zoned and Seasonal Combinations 3.2.1 Introduction 3.2.2 Requirements and Recommendations 3.2.3 Special Considerations 3.2.4 Analysis and Testing Procedure 4 BUILDING DESIGN FEATURES AND PRACTICES 4.1 Introduction 4.2 Site Selection and Planning 4.2.1 General Principles 4.2.2 Ventilative Considerations 4.2.3 Thermal and Other Considerations 4.3 Landscaping 4.3.1 General Principles 4.3.2 The Shelter Effect 4.3.3 Change in the Direction and Velocity of Airflow 4.3.4 Thermal Considerations 4.3.5 Other Considerations 4.4 Building Form 4.4.1 General Principles

4.4.2 Optimal Shape and Orientation 4.4.3 Elevated Buildings 4.5 Building Envelope and Structure 4.5.1 General Principles 4.5.2 Roof and Roof Ventilators 4.5.3 Wingwalls 4.5.4 Windows 4.5.5 Separation of Functions 4.5.6 Design Procedure 4.5.7 Insulation 4.6 Auxiliary Fan Systems 4.6.1 Ceiling Fans 4.6.2 Whole-House Fans 4.6.3 Sizing of Openings for Whole-House Fans 4.6.4 Fans for Body Cooling 5 OCCUPANT AND MAINTENANCE MANUALS 5.1 Purpose 5.2 Occupant's Manual 5.3 Maintenance Manual

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