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# 所有者:闻水国

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## you do, you will!

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Useful Formulae ® 闻水国 ©

Useful Formulae

## = = 6.58 ×10−25 GeV sec = 1

=c = 0.197 GeV F = 1 e+ e−
≡ time
(1 GeV) −2 = 0.389 mb E >0 (− E ) < 0
e2 1
α= =
4π 137
⎛∂ ⎞
x μ = (t , x), xμ = (t , − x) p μ = ( E , p) = i ⎜ , −∇ ⎟ = i∂ μ
⎝ ∂t ⎠ J PC
μ
p ⋅ x = Et − p ⋅ x, p ≡ pμ p = E − p = m 2
2 2 2
P = −(−1) L
(,2 + m 2 )φ = 0, (i γ μ ∂ μ − m)ψ = 0. C = (−1) L + S
μ μ μ
In an electromagnetic filed, i∂ → i∂ + eA (charge − e)

## γ-Matrices Tra/ 1 " a/ n = 0 (for n odd)

γ μ γν + γν γ μ = 2 g μν , γ μ † = γ 0 γ μ γ 0 .
† †
γ0 = γ0 , γ 0 γ 0 = I ; γ k = −γ k , γ k γ k = − I , k = 1, 2,3.

γ 5 = i γ 0 γ1 γ 2 γ 3 , γ μ γ 5 + γ 5 γ μ = 0, γ 5 = γ 5 .
(Trace theorems on pages 104 in relativistic quantum mechanics of Bjorken)
Standard representation:

⎛I 0 ⎞ ⎛ 0 σ⎞ ⎛0 I ⎞
γ0 ≡ β = ⎜ ⎟ , γ ≡ βα = ⎜ ⎟, γ = ⎜
5

⎝ 0 −I ⎠ ⎝ −σ 0⎠ ⎝ I 0⎠

⎡0 1 ⎤ ⎡ 0 −i ⎤ ⎡1 0 ⎤ ⎡1 0 ⎤
σ1 = ⎢ ⎥ , σ2 = ⎢ ⎥ , σ3 = ⎢ ⎥ , σ0 = ⎢ ⎥.
⎣1 0 ⎦ ⎣i 0 ⎦ ⎣0 −1⎦ ⎣0 1 ⎦

Spinors

## ⎧(p/ − m)u = 0 ⎧⎪u ≡ u † γ 0 , Γ ≡ γ 0 Γ + γ 0

⎨ ; ⎨ μ
⎩u (p/ − m) = 0 ⎪⎩ p/ ≡ pμ γ , A / ≡ γ μ Aμ

∑u

u ( r ) u ( s ) = 2 Eδ rs , u ( r )u ( s ) = 2mδ rs , (s)
u ( s ) = p/ + m = 2mΛ + 标量 (φφ * ) J P = 0+
s =1,2

1 1 赝标 (φγ 5φ * ) J P = 0−
(1 − γ 5 )u ≡ uL , (1 + γ 5 )u ≡ uR .
2 2 矢量 (φγ μφ * ) J P = 1−
1 1 轴矢 (φγ 5γ μφ * ) J P = 1+
If m = 0 or E  m, then uL has helicity λ = − , u L has λ = + .
2 2
Mandelstam variables

p1 p3

p2 p4

s = ( p1 + p2 ) 2 = ( p3 + p4 ) 2
t = ( p1 − p3 ) 2 = ( p2 − p4 ) 2
u = ( p1 − p4 ) 2 = ( p2 − p3 ) 2

p1 p3 p1 p3

p1 p3

p2 p4 p4 p2 p4
p2
s-channel t-channel u-channel

Time

## Feynman parameter integral

1 1 dx
=∫
ab 0 [ax + b(1 − x)]2

Trace Theorems

a/ ≡ aμ γ μ , ab μ ν
/ / = a ⋅ b − iσ μν a b
Tra/ 1 " a/ n = 0 for n odd; p μ pν = g μν p 2 / d ;
Trγ 5 = 0; Tr1 = 4; / / = 4a ⋅ b;
Trab
α β γ δ
Trγ 5 ab
/ / = 0; Trγ 5 abcd
/ / / / = 4iε αβγδ a b c d ;
γ μ a/ γ μ = −2a/ ; γ μ ab μ
/ / γ = 4a ⋅ b; γ μ abc
μ
/ / / γ = −2cba
/ / /;
Tr[γ μ γ ν γ λ γ δ ] = 4( g μν g λδ − g μλ gνδ + g μδ gνλ );
Tr[a/ 1a/ 2 a/ 3a/ 4 ] = 4[a1 ⋅ a2 a3 ⋅ a4 − a1 ⋅ a3a2 ⋅ a4 + a1 ⋅ a4 a2 ⋅ a3 ]

## you do, you will!

take it, easyly!
Useful Formulae ® 闻水国 ©

Useful Formulae

## = = 6.58 ×10−25 GeV sec = 1

=c = 0.197 GeV F = 1 e+ e−
≡ time
(1 GeV) −2 = 0.389 mb E >0 (− E ) < 0
e2 1
α= =
4π 137
⎛∂ ⎞
x μ = (t , x), xμ = (t , − x) p μ = ( E , p) = i ⎜ , −∇ ⎟ = i∂ μ
⎝ ∂t ⎠ J PC
μ
p ⋅ x = Et − p ⋅ x, p ≡ pμ p = E − p = m 2
2 2 2
P = −(−1) L
(,2 + m 2 )φ = 0, (i γ μ ∂ μ − m)ψ = 0. C = (−1) L + S
μ μ μ
In an electromagnetic filed, i∂ → i∂ + eA (charge − e)

## γ-Matrices Tra/ 1 " a/ n = 0 (for n odd)

γ μ γν + γν γ μ = 2 g μν , γ μ † = γ 0 γ μ γ 0 .
† †
γ0 = γ0 , γ 0 γ 0 = I ; γ k = −γ k , γ k γ k = − I , k = 1, 2,3.

γ 5 = i γ 0 γ1 γ 2 γ 3 , γ μ γ 5 + γ 5 γ μ = 0, γ 5 = γ 5 .
(Trace theorems on pages 104 in relativistic quantum mechanics of Bjorken)
Standard representation:

⎛I 0 ⎞ ⎛ 0 σ⎞ ⎛0 I ⎞
γ0 ≡ β = ⎜ ⎟ , γ ≡ βα = ⎜ ⎟, γ = ⎜
5

⎝ 0 −I ⎠ ⎝ −σ 0⎠ ⎝ I 0⎠

⎡0 1 ⎤ ⎡ 0 −i ⎤ ⎡1 0 ⎤ ⎡1 0 ⎤
σ1 = ⎢ ⎥ , σ2 = ⎢ ⎥ , σ3 = ⎢ ⎥ , σ0 = ⎢ ⎥.
⎣1 0 ⎦ ⎣i 0 ⎦ ⎣0 −1⎦ ⎣0 1 ⎦

Spinors

## ⎧(p/ − m)u = 0 ⎧⎪u ≡ u † γ 0 , Γ ≡ γ 0 Γ + γ 0

⎨ ; ⎨ μ
⎩u (p/ − m) = 0 ⎪⎩ p/ ≡ pμ γ , A / ≡ γ μ Aμ

∑u

u ( r ) u ( s ) = 2 Eδ rs , u ( r )u ( s ) = 2mδ rs , (s)
u ( s ) = p/ + m = 2mΛ + 标量 (φφ * ) J P = 0+
s =1,2

1 1 赝标 (φγ 5φ * ) J P = 0−
(1 − γ 5 )u ≡ uL , (1 + γ 5 )u ≡ uR .
2 2 矢量 (φγ μφ * ) J P = 1−
1 1 轴矢 (φγ 5γ μφ * ) J P = 1+
If m = 0 or E  m, then uL has helicity λ = − , u L has λ = + .
2 2
Mandelstam variables

p1 p3

p2 p4

s = ( p1 + p2 ) 2 = ( p3 + p4 ) 2
t = ( p1 − p3 ) 2 = ( p2 − p4 ) 2
u = ( p1 − p4 ) 2 = ( p2 − p3 ) 2

p1 p3 p1 p3

p1 p3

p2 p4 p4 p2 p4
p2
s-channel t-channel u-channel

Time

## Feynman parameter integral

1 1 dx
=∫
ab 0 [ax + b(1 − x)]2

Trace Theorems

a/ ≡ aμ γ μ , ab μ ν
/ / = a ⋅ b − iσ μν a b
Tra/ 1 " a/ n = 0 for n odd; p μ pν = g μν p 2 / d ;
Trγ 5 = 0; Tr1 = 4; / / = 4a ⋅ b;
Trab
α β γ δ
Trγ 5 ab
/ / = 0; Trγ 5 abcd
/ / / / = 4iε αβγδ a b c d ;
γ μ a/ γ μ = −2a/ ; γ μ ab μ
/ / γ = 4a ⋅ b; γ μ abc
μ
/ / / γ = −2cba
/ / /;
Tr[γ μ γ ν γ λ γ δ ] = 4( g μν g λδ − g μλ gνδ + g μδ gνλ );
Tr[a/ 1a/ 2 a/ 3a/ 4 ] = 4[a1 ⋅ a2 a3 ⋅ a4 − a1 ⋅ a3a2 ⋅ a4 + a1 ⋅ a4 a2 ⋅ a3 ]

take it, easyly!

take it, easyly!

take it, easyly!

take it, easyly!

take it, easyly!

take it, easyly!

take it, easyly!

take it, easyly!

take it, easyly!

take it, easyly!

take it, easyly!

take it, easyly!

take it, easyly!

take it, easyly!

take it, easyly!

take it, easyly!

take it, easyly!

take it, easyly!

take it, easyly!

take it, easyly!