This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
It refers to a method inquiry that helps people to understand morality of human behavior. Practices and Beliefs of a certain group ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ ♦ are The expected standards of moral behavior of a particular group as described in the groups formal codes of professional ethics. Is a system of moral principles or moral standards governing conducts. It is a particular system of principles and rules concerning duty. Is a system of rules and practice applied to a single class of human actions. Ex. Legal ethics, medical ethics, nursing ethics It is also called Moral Philosophy. It furnishes the norm standard or pattern by which among relations among men regulated.
Professional Ethics ♠ ♠ ♠ ♠ ♠ ♠ Concerns one’s conduct of behavior and practice when carrying out professional work. Such work may include consulting researching, teaching and writing. Code maybe considered being a formalization of experience into a set of rules. A code is adopted by a community because its members accept the adherence to these rules, including the restrictions that apply. Concerns matter such as professional indemnity. No two codes of ethics are identical. The Institutionalization of codes of conduct and code of practice is common with many professional bodies for their members to observe.
Nursing Ethics ♥ ♥ Is a system of principles governing the conduct of nurses. It deals with the relationship of a nurse to the patient, patient’s family and also her associates and fellow nurses.
Purposes of Nursing Code of Ethics
1. Inform the public about the minimum standards of the profession and help them understand professional nursing
2. 3. 4. conduct. Provide a sign of the profession’s commitment to the public it serves. Outline the major ethical considerations of the profession. Provide ethical standards for professional behavior.
ANA Standards of Professional performance a. b. c. d. e. 5. Practice is guided by the Code for Nurses. Maintains patient’s confidentiality. Acts as a patient advocate and assist patients in developing skills so they can advocate themselves. Deliver care in a nonjudgmental and nondiscriminatory manner. Deliver care in a manner that preserves patient autonomy, dignity and rights.
Guide the profession in self-regulation.
6. Remind nurses of the special responsibility they assume when caring for the sick.
is a formal statement of a group’s ideas and values It is a set of ethical principles that • Shares by the members of the group
Code of Ethics
Reflects their moral judgment overtime Serves as a standard for their professional actions
International Council of Nurses Code of Ethics ♦ Preamble o Nurses have four fundamental responsibility / Four Folds of Nursing / Scope of Nursing • To promote health • To prevent illness • To restore health • To alleviate suffering / Care for the dying ♦ Inherent in nursing is respect for human right including the right to life, to dignity and to be treated with respect. ♦ Nursing Care is unrestricted by the considerations of age, color, creed, culture, disability, or illness, gender, nationality, politic race, or social status . ♦ Nurse render health services to the individual, to the family and the community and coordinate their services with those of related groups. The Code 1. Nurses and People ♠ The nurse primary profession is to people requiring nursing care ♠ In providing care, the nurse promotes an environment in which the human rights, values customs, and spiritual beliefs of the individual, family and community are respected. The nurse ensures that the individual receives sufficient information on which to base consent for care and related treatment. The nurse share with society the responsibility for initiating and supporting actions to meet the health and social needs of the public, in particular those of vulnerable populations. The nurse also shares responsibility to sustain and protect the natural environment from depletion , population, degradation and destruction.
Nurses and Practice ♠ The nurse carries personal responsibility and accountability for nursing practice and for maintaining competence by continual learning. The nurse maintains a standard of personal health such that the ability to provide care is not compromised. The nurse uses judgment regarding individual competence when accepting and delegating responsibility. The nurses at all times maintain a standard of personal conduct that reflects well on the profession and enhance public confidence. The nurse in providing care, ensures that the use of technology and scientific advances are compatible with the safety , dignity, and the right of people.
3. Nurses and the Profession
♠ The nurse assumes the major role in determining and implementing acceptable standards of clinical nursing practice management, research and education. ♠ ♠ The nurse is active in developing a core of research –based professional knowledge. The nurse acting through the professional organization, participates in creating and maintaining equitable social and economic working conditions in nursing.
Nursing and Co-workers ♠ ♠ The nurse sustains a cooperative relationships with the co-workers in nursing and other fields. The nurse takes appropriate action to safeguard individuals when their care is endangered by a co-workers in nursing or any other person.
Selected Categories of Laws Affecting Nurses
CATEGORY Constitutional Statutory ( Legislative )
Criminal ( Public )
Contracts ( Private / Civil)
Torts ( Private / Civil)
EXAMPLES Due process Equal protection Nurses practice acts Good Samaritan acts Child and adult abuse laws Living wills Sexual harassment laws Americans with disabilities act Homicide, manslaughter Theft Arson Active euthanasia Sexual assault Illegal possession of controlled drugs Nurse and client Nurse and employer Nurse and insurance Client and agency Negligence / malpractice Libel and slander Invasion of privacy Assault and battery False imprisonment Abandonment
Constitutional Law ◘ Is the supreme law of the country. ◘ Creates legal rights and responsibilities and is the foundation for a system of justice. Legislation (Statutory Law) ◘ Laws enacted by any legislative body ◘ State legislative pass statutes that define and regulate nursing, that is, nurse practice act. Types of Laws 1. Public Law ( Criminal ) • Refers to the body of law that deals with relationship between individuals and the government agencies. • Crimes can classified as either Felonies or Misdemeanors. Felonies A crime of a serious nature, such as murder punishable a term in prison. Manslaughter Second degree murder Ex. A nurse who accidentally gives an additional and lethal dose of a narcotic can be accused of manslaughter. Misdemeanors Is an offense of a less serious nature and is usually punishable by a fine or short-term jail sentence or both Ex. A nurse who slaps a client face. 2. Private Law ( Civil Law ) • Is the body of law that deals with relationship among private individuals. • Contract Laws involves the enforcement of agreement among private individuals or the payment of compensation for failure to fulfill the agreements. ○ Contract Is considered to be expressed when the two parties discuss and agree, orally or in writing, to terms and conditions during the creation of the contract. ○ Implied Contract Is one that has not been explicitly agreed to by the parties but that the law nevertheless considers to exist Ex. The nurse is expected to be competent and to follow hospital policies and procedures even though these expectations were not written or discussed. Legal Roles of Nurses • Provider for service ○ Liability Quality or state of being legally responsible for one’s obligations and actions to make financial restitution for wrongful acts.
Ex. A nurse has an obligation to practice and direct the practice of others under the nurse’s supervision so that the harm or injury to the client is prevented and standards of care are maintained. Torts • • is a civil wrong committed against a person or a person’s property. Unintentional Torts ○ Negligence Is misconduct or practice that is below the expected of an ordinary, reasonable and prudent person. Gross Negligence Involves extreme lack of knowledge, skills or decision making that the person clearly should have known would. Put others at risk or harm. Malpractice Is a professional negligence the occurred while the person was performing as a professional. Ex: Res ipsa loguitur (the thing speaks of itself) Harm that results when surgical instruments or bandages are accidentally left in a client during surgery Respondents Superior Ex: employees may be liable for negligence if they fail to provide adequate human and material resources for nursing care.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.