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E2063/Unit 0/ 1

C 3363
MECHANICAL SERVICES 2
NAWI BIN BERAHIM (PDT)
MOHD HANAPI BIN JUSOH (PDT)
MODULE E 2063
ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY 2
MALAYSIA
POLYTECHNICS
MINISTRY OF EDUCATION
E2063/Unit 0/ 2

Name : Nawi bin Berahim
Address : Jabatan Kejuruteraan Mekanikal
Politeknik Dungun Terengganu
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-uali.i,ations : /a,elor o. 0ngineering 10le,troni,23omuter4
Diloma in 0du,ation
Position : Pol+te,!ni, 5e,turer
Name : Mohd Hanapi bin Jusoh
Address : Jabatan Kejuruteraan Mekanikal
Politeknik Dungun Terengganu
Km 8, Jalan Paka
23000 Dungun
Terengganu
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e$mail : joe6am7*!otmail",om
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)it! 0du,ation
Position : Pol+te,!ni, 5e,turer
Proof Reader
Name : Krishnan a/l Vengidasamy
Address : Jabatan Pengajian Am
Jalan 8aja Musa Ma!adi,
Politeknik 9ngku :mar, 3;%00, <o!, Perak
Tele!one No" : 0&$&%&(=22 e't" 222&
e$mail : kr6aram*!otmail",om
-uali.i,ations : M"0d T07P 10'eter, 9K4, /"0d T075 19PM4
7" 3ert" 0d" T07:5, 3ert" 0d T075
Position : 5e,turer, 0nglis! 5anguage 9nit
BIODATA OF MODULE WRITERS
E2063 ELECTRICAL TECHNOLOGY 2
E2063/Unit 0/ 3
What o !ou "hin# $f "his Module%

Title o. Module: >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> Module 3ode : >>>>>>>>>>>
7tudent?s Name: >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>> 8egistration No" : >>>>>>>>>>>
3ourse: >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
Module @riters: >>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>
Please use t!e .ollo)ing s,ale .or +our e6aluation:
% 7trongl+ Agree
3 Agree
2 Disagree
; 7trongl+ Disagree
&nstru'tion : Please on t!e sa,e ro6ided"
No( How mu'h do you agree with the following statements% )*+,-
A" A:8MAT ; 2 3 %
; T!e ages are organiBed in an interesting manner"
2 T!e .ont siBe makes it eas+ .or me to read t!e module"
3
T!e siBe and t+es o. i,tures and ,!arts used are suitable .or
t!e inut"
% T!e i,tures and ,!arts are eas+ to read and understand"
& T!e tables used are )ell$organised and eas+ to understand"
= T!e arrangement o. t!e <nut makes it eas+ .or me to .ollo)"
( All t!e instru,tions are disla+ed ,learl+"
/" 3:NT0NT7 ; 2 3 %
8 < understand all t!e obje,ti6es ,learl+"
# < understand t!e ideas ,on6e+ed"
;0 T!e ideas are resented in an interesting manner"
;; All t!e instru,tions are eas+ to understand"
;2 < ,an ,arr+ out t!e instru,tions in t!is module"
;3 < ,an ans)er t!e Cuestions in t!e a,ti6ities easil+"
;% < ,an ans)er t!e Cuestions in t!e sel.$assessment"
;& T!e .eedba,k se,tion ,an !el me identi.+ m+ mistakes"
;= T!e language used is eas+ to understand"
;( T!e )a+ t!e module is )ritten makes it interesting to read"
;8 < ,an .ollo) t!is module easil+"
;# 0a,! unit !els me understand t!e toi, better"
20
< !a6e be,ome more interested in t!e subje,t a.ter using t!is
module"
E2063/Unit 0/ 4
CURRICULUM GRID
The curriculum grid of this module is based on the curriculum used by Malaysian
polytechnics.
No. TOPIC UNIT Total
Hour
1 Basic Principles
of
Electromagnetism
1
(4 H)
4 Hours
!ntroduction to
"irect #urrent
$enerator

( H)
%
(% H)
& Hours
% !ntroduction to
"irect #urrent
Motor
4
(4 H)
&
(& H)
' Hours
4 (lternating
#urrent Electric
Machine
)
(% H)
*
(4 H)
* Hours
& Transformer +
(& H)
& Hours
UNIT 1 ELECTROM!GNETI"M
1., #urrent-carrying conductor and magnetism
1.1 Magnetic field strength
E2063/Unit 0/ #
1. Magnetic .uantity #haracteristics and Their /ele0ant 1ormulae
1.% Electromagnetic !nduction

UNIT 2 INTRODUCTION TO DC GENER!TOR $Part 1%
., Types of ".# $enerator
.1 Principles of operation of ".# generator
UNIT 3 INTRODUCTION TO DC GENER!TOR $Part 2%
%.1 2chematic circuit of ".# generator
%. Electromoti0e 1orce generation
%.% Efficiency and Po3er 4osses
UNIT 4 INTRODUCTION TO DC MOTOR $Part 1%
4., Principles of operation of ".# motor
4.1 Types of ".# Motor and their characteristics
UNIT # INTRODUCTION TO DC MOTOR $Part 2%
&.1 Bac5 Electromoti0e 1orce
&. 1actors that influence speed control of ".# motors
&.% /e0erse direction methods
&.4 Efficiency and Po3er 4osses
UNIT 6 !C ELECTRIC M!CHINE" $Part 1%
)., Principles of operation of (.#. generator (alternator)
).1 The differences bet3een (lternator and "# $enerator
UNIT & !C ELECTRIC M!CHINE" $Part 2%
*.1 !ntroduction
*. Three phase motor components
*.% The "ifferences bet3een (# Motor and "# Motor
*.4 Types of (# Motor
*.& /otating Magnetic 1ield
*.) Types of 2tarting !nduction Motor
*.* /e0erse "irection of Motor /otation
UNIT ' TR!N"(ORMER
+., !ntroduction
+.1 Principles of operation of transformer
+. Types and uses of transformers
E2063/Unit 0/ 6
+.% E.m.f. e6uation of a transformer
+.4 Transformer losses and Efficiency
+.& Principles of operation of (uto transformer
MODULE GUIDELINE"
To achie0e ma7imum benefits in using this module8 students must follo3 the
instructions carefully and complete all the acti0ities.
E2063/Unit 0/ &
1. This module is di0ided into & units.
. Each page is numbered according to the sub9ect code8 unit and page number.
E2063 / UNIT 1 / #

2ub9ect :nit 1 Page ;umber &
%. The general and specific ob9ecti0es are gi0en at the beginning of each unit.
4. The acti0ities in each unit are arranged in a se6uential order and the follo3ing
symbols are gi0en<
=B>E#T!?E2
The general and specific ob9ecti0es for each learning topic are stated
in this section.

!;P:T
This section introduces the sub9ect matter that you are going to learn.
(#T!?!T!E2
The acti0ities in this section test your understanding of the sub9ect
matter. @ou ha0e to complete this section by follo3ing the instructions
carefully.
1EE"B(#A
(ns3ers to the 6uestions in the acti0ity section are gi0en here
2E41-(22E22ME;T
2elf-assessment e0aluates your understanding of each unit.
E2063/Unit 0/ '
1EE"B(#A =; 2E41-(22E22ME;T
This section contains ans3ers to the acti0ities in the self-assessment.
.
&. @ou ha0e to follo3 the units in se6uence.
). @ou may proceed to the ne7t unit after successfully completing the unit and
you are confident of your achie0ement.
GENER!L !IM"
This module is prepared for students in the second semester 3ho are follo3ing the
#ertificateB"iploma programmes in Malaysian Polytechnics. !t aims to e7pose
students to the Electrical Technology concept in each unit and to lead them to3ards
self-directed learning or 3ith guidance from their lecturers.
E2063/Unit 0/ )
PRERE*UI"ITE "+ILL" !ND +NO,LEDGE
;o prere6uisite s5ills and 5no3ledge
GENER!L O-.ECTI/E"
(t the end of this module8 students should be able to<
1. state the la3 of magnetic attraction and repulsion for t3o current-carrying
conductors in close pro7imity
. define magnetic flu78 8 and magnetic flu7 density8 B
%. define magnetomoti0e force8 1m8 and magnetic field strength8 H8 and state their
units
4. perfom simple calculations in0ol0ing 1m C ;! and H C ;!Bl
&. understand that magnetic fields are produced by electric currents
). apply the scre3 rule and grip rule to determine magnetic field direction
*. recogniDe practical application of an electromagnet8 i.e. electric bell8 relay and
telephone recei0er.
+. appreciate factors upon 3hich the force 1 on a current-carrying conductor depends
'. perform calculation using 1 C B!l and 1C B!l sin
1,. describe types of "# generators and their characteristics
11. calculate generated emf for a generator using E C ?E!a/a
1. state typical applications of "# generators
1%. list "# machines loses and calculate efficiency
14. calculate bac5 emf for a "# motor using E C ? F !a/a
1&. describe types of "# motor and their characteristics
1). state typical applications of "# motors
1*. describe a "# motor starter
1+. describe methods of speed control of "# motors
1'. list types of enclosure for "# motors
,. describe the principles of operation of an (.# $enerator
1. state the differences bet3een "# motor and (# motor
. describe the principles of operation of an (.# motor
%. state the synchronous speed8 rotor speed and slip
4. state and describe methods of starting induction motors
&. describe ho3 to re0erse the direction of motor rotation.
). understand the principles of operation of a transformer
E2063/Unit 0/ 10
*. use
1

1
!
!
;
;
?
?
= =
in calculations on transformers
+. describe transformer construction
'. describe losses in transformer and calculate efficiency
%,. describe an auto transformer8 its ad0antagesBdisad0antages and uses
TE!CHING !ID" !ND RE"OURCE" NEEDED
1. #alculator
RE(ERENCE"
1. #hristopher / /obertson F
nd
edition ,,1. 1undamental Electrical G
Electronic Principles< ;e3nes
. >ohn Bird F
nd
edition ,,1. Electrical #ircuit Theory and Technology<
;e3nes
%. ".1 Harne (,,,). Electrical Engineers Handboo5< ;e3nes
4. (bd. 2amad Hanif F #eta5an Pertama ,,,. Prinsip Ae9urteraaan Ele5tri5 dan
Ele5troni5 < "e3an Bahasa "an Pusta5a
&. >ohn Bird /eprint ,,1F Electrical (nd Electrical Principles (nd Technology<
;e3nes
). Mohd !sa bin !dris #eta5an Pertama ,,,. Penga9ian Ae9uruteraaan Ele5tri5 dan
Ele5troni5 < "e3an Bahasa "an Pusta5a
*. 2tephen #. Harsany F I ,,,. !ntroduction to Electronics < "#B(# #ircuits <
Prentice Hall
+. Thomas E. Aissel F Third Edition. !ndustrial Electronics (pplication for
Programmable #ontrollers8 !nstrumentation and Process #ontrol8 and Electrical
Machines and Motor #ontrols < Prentice Hall
'. (llan /. Hambley F 2econd Edition. Electrical Engineering Principles and
(pplications < Prentice Hall
E2063/Unit 0/ 11
1,. (bdul 4atiff Md. (hood - 1''4. Mesin Ele5tri5 < Penerbit :2M
11. ?.A. Mehta F 1irst Edition 1''). Principles of Electrical Engineering and
Electronics < #rescent
1. "onald $. 1in58 H. Hayne Beaty F 1ourteenth Edition. 2tandard Handboo5 1or
Electrical Engineers <Mc$ra3-Hill !nternational Edition
1%. Ed3ard Hughes F Eight Edition. Electrical Electronic Technology <
Prentice Hall
14. http<BB333.tpub.com