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To determined quantitatively the concentration of a unknown solution using acid-base titration
An acid-base titration is the determination of the concentration of an acid and base by exactly
neutralizing the acid / base with an acid or base of known concentration .it is an example of
quantitative analysis to analyze the concentration of an unknown acid or base . this method
utilizes the neutralization reactions that occur between acids and bases as well as the knowledge
of how acids and bases will react.
Titration is a technique for determining either the concentration of a solution of unknown
molarity or the number of moles of a solution of unknown molarity or the number of moles of a
substance in a given sample.a chemical reaction is used for this purpose , and the reaction must
be fast be complete.and have a determinable and point.the reactions of strong acids and bases
generally meet these criteria.and acid-base titrations are among the most important examples of
the technique.
In this experiment, the samples are sodium hydroxide and hydrochloric acid for the reaction of
strong base with strong acid. Other than that, sodium hydroxide and ethanoic acid were used for
the reaction of strong base with weak acid. For the indicators, bromothymol blue was used in the
reaction of NaOH with HCl while phenolphthalein was used in the reaction of NaOH with
CH3COOH. Bromothymol blue changes from yellow to blue when the solutions reached the
equivalence point while phenolphthalein changes from colourless to light pink.
Based on the calculations, we can find the concentration of NaOH by using the formula of
molarity. In the reaction of NaOH with HCl, it was determined that the concentration of NaOH
was 0.1311 M. Meanwhile, in the reaction of NaOH with CH3COOH, the concentration was
0.0527 M. The results show that the concentration of NaOH as a strong base is lower when
reacting to a weak acid which is CH3COOH compare to HCl which is a strong acid.

The pH of having a strong base and a concentrated acid reacting together to go to a complete
reaction is approximately 7. In this experiment, only the volume of titrant is known but the
molarity was not provided. However, the volume and molarity of acid was given, thus, we can
calculate the molarity of the NaOH by using M1V1 = M2V2, rearrange for M2. From this, it was
determined that NaOH reacting with HCl have a concentration of 0.1311 M and when NaOH
reacting with CH3COOH the concentration is 0.0527 M.
Kotz, et al. (2009). Chemistry and chemical reactivity. (7th ed). California: Thomson
Petrucci, et al. (2007). General chemistry: Principles & modern applications. (9th ed). New
Jersey: Pearson/Prentice Hall.
Levie, Robert De. (1991). Aqueous acid-base equilibrium and titrations. New York: Oxford
University Press Inc.
Kumren, Ashy, Noor Hayati Abu Bakar, Norzalina Maarof & Wan Azuah Wan Mohd. Radzi.
(2011). Q&A for matriculation chemistry. Selangor: Oxford Fajar Sdn. Bhd.