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# 53

1
3
(1 + 2x)
4

dx
= 3(1 + 2x)
4
dx
= 3

(1 + 2x)
3
3(2)

+ c
=
1
2

(1 + 2x)
3
+ c
But it is given that

3
(1 + 2x)
4
dx = k(1 + 2x)
n
+ c , thus by
comparison, k =
1
2
and n = 3.
2 Area of the shaded region = 54 units
2

k
0
y dx = 54

k
0
6x
2
dx = 54

6

x
3
3

k
0

= 54
[2x
3
]
0
k
= 54
2(k
3
0
3
) = 54
k
3
= 27
k = 3
3
k
1
(4x 1) dx = 3

4x
2
2
x

k
1
= 3
[2x
2
x]
k
1
= 3
2k
2
k [2( 1)
2
( 1)] = 3
2k
2
k 3 = 3
2k
2
k 6 = 0
(2k + 3)(k 2) = 0
k =
3
2
or 2
k =
3
2
is not accepted
k = 2
4
2
1

f (x) dx +
3
2

[f (x) + cx] dx = 30

2
1

f (x) dx +
3
2

f (x) dx +
3
2

cx dx = 30

3
1

f (x) dx + c

x
2
2

3
2
= 30
5 + c

3
2
2
2
2

= 30

5
2
c

= 25
c = 10
5
b
a

1
2

f (x) dx =
1
2

b
a

f (x) dx =
1
2
(6) = 3
The area of the region below the
x-axis has a negative sign.
6
4
1
[nx g(x)] dx = 9

4
1
nx dx
4
1
g(x) dx = 9
n

x
2
2

4
1
+
1
4
g(x) dx = 9

b
a
g(x) dx =

a
b
g(x) dx
n

4
2
2

1
2
2

6 = 9

15
2
n

6 = 9

15
2
n = 15
n = 2
Form 5: Chapter 14 (Integration)
SPM Practice
Fully Worked Solutions
Paper 1
54
7 (a)
2
7
h(x) dx =
7
2
h(x) dx = 4
(b)
7
2
2 h(x) dx
7
2
p dx = 6
2
7
2
h(x) dx [px]
7
2
= 6
2(4) p[x]
7
2
= 6
p(7 2) = 6 8
5p = 2
p =
2
5
8 (a) (9x
2
+ 1) dx =
9x
3
3
+ x + c
= 3x
3
+ x + c
p = 3
(b) (9x
2
+ 1) dx = 6
3x
3
+ x + c = 6
When x = 1,
3(1)
3
+ (1) + c = 6
3 1 + c = 6
c = 10
55
Volume of the solid generated when the shaded
region is revolved through 360about the y-axis
= Volume of the cone generated by the line
segment OA Volume of the solid generated by
the curve x = y
2
1 from y = 1 to y = 3
=
1
3
r
2
h
3
1
x
2
dy
=
1
3
(8)
2
(3)
3
1
(y
2
1)
2
dy
= 64
3
1
(y
4
2y
2
+ 1) dy
= 64

y
5
5

2y
3
3

+ y

3
1
= 64

3
5
5

2(3)
3
3

+ 3

1
5

2
3

+ 1

= 64

243
5
18 + 3
1
5
+
2
3

1

= 64
496
15

= 30
14
15
units
3
3 (a)
dy
dx
= 3x
2
4x
y = (3x
2
4x) dx
=
3x
3
3

4x
2
2
+ c
= x
3
2x
2
+ c
The curve passes through the point A(1, 9).
9 = 1
3
2(1)
2
+ c
c = 8
Hence, the equation of the curve is
y = x
3
2x
2
8.
(b) At turning points,
dy
dx
= 0.

dy
dx
= 0
3x
2
4x = 0
x(3x 4) = 0
x = 0 or 1
1
3

d
2
y
dx
2

= 6x 4
Paper 2
1 (a)
dy
dx
= 2x + 4
y = (2x + 4) dx
=
2x
2
2
+ 4x + c
= x
2
+ 4x + c
y = 7 when x = 1:
7 = 1
2
+ 4(1) + c
c = 2
y = x
2
+ 4x + 2
(b) x
2

d
2
y
dx
2
+ (x 1)
dy
dx
+ y + 3 = 0
x
2
(2) + (x 1)(2x + 4) + (x
2
+ 4x + 2) + 3 = 0
2x
2
+ 2x
2
+ 2x 4 + x
2
+ 4x + 2 + 3 = 0
5x
2
+ 6x + 1 = 0
(5x + 1)(x + 1) = 0
x =
1
5
or 1
2 8y = 3x
x =
8
3
y 1
x = y
2
1 2
Substitute 1 into 2 :

8
3
y = y
2
1
8y = 3y
2
3
3y
2
8y 3 = 0
(3y + 1)(y 3) = 0
y =
1
3
or 3
It is obvious that for point A, y = 3.
From 1 , when y = 3,
x =
8
3
y =
8
3
(3) = 8
A = (8, 3)
x
O
y
3 x = y
2
1
8y = 3x
1
1 8
A
56
When x = 0,
y = (0)
3
2(0)
2
8 = 8
(0, 8) is a turning point.
d
2
y
dx
2
= 6(0) 4 = 4 (negative)
Hence, (0, 8) is a maximum point.
When x = 1
1
3
,
y =

4
3

3
2

4
3

2
8 = 9

5
27

1
1
3
, 9

5
27

is a turning point.
d
2
y
dx
2
= 6

4
3

4 = 4 (positive)
Hence,

1
1
3
, 9

5
27

is a minimum point.
4 (a) y =
4
(2x 1)
2
= 4(2x 1)
2

dy
dx
= 8(2x 1)
3
(2)
=
16
(2x 1)
3
At the point A(1, 4),
m =
dy
dx
=
16
[2(1) 1]
3
= 16
Hence, the equation of the tangent at the point
A(1, 4) is
y y
1
= m(x x
1
)
y 4 = 16(x 1)
y 4 = 16x + 16
y = 16x + 20
(b)

x
O 2 3
y
y =
4
(2x 1)
2
A(1, 4)
(i) Area of the shaded region
=
3
2

y dx
=
3
2

4
(2x 1)
2
dx
=
3
2

4(2x 1)
2
dx
=

4(2x 1)
1
1(2)

3
2
=

2
2x 1

3
2
=
2
2(3) 1

2
2(2) 1

=
2
5

2
3

=
4
15
units
2
(ii) Volume generated, V
x
=
3
2
y
2
dx
=
3
2

4
(2x 1)
2

2
dx
=
3
2

16
(2x 1)
4
dx
=
3
2
16(2x 1)
4
dx
=

16(2x 1)
3
3(2)

3
2
=

8
3(2x 1)
3

3
2
=
8
3

1
(2x 1)
3

3
2
=
8
3

1
[2(3) 1]
3

1
[2(2) 1]
3

=
8
3

1
125

1
27

=
784
10 125
units
3
5 (a) The gradient of the straight line
x + y 8 = 0 y = x + 8 is 1.
dy
dx
= px
3
+ x
2
.

dy
dx

= 1
px
3
+ x
2
= 1
p(1)
3
+ (1)
2
= 1
p + 1 = 1
p = 2
At the point ( 1, 0),
x = 1.
57
(b)
dy
dx

= px
3
+ x
2

= 2x
3
+ x
2
y = (2x
3
+ x
2
) dx
=
2x
4
4
+
x
3
3
+ c
=
x
4
2
+
x
3
3
+ c
At the point (1, 0),
x = 1, y = 0
0 =
(1)
4
2
+
(1)
3
3
+ c
0 =
1
2

1
3
+ c
c =
1
6
Hence, the equation of the curve is
y =
x
4
2
+
x
3
3

1
6
6 (a) Equation of RAQ: 2y = x + 10
At point Q (on the x-axis), y = 0.
2(0) = x + 10
x = 10
Q = (10, 0)
x
O
R
Q
2 10
4
y
y = + 2
x
2
2
A(2, 4)
= Area under the curve from x = 0 to
x = 2 + Area under the straight line AQ
=
2
0

x
2
2
+ 2

dx +

1
2
8 4

x
3
6
+ 2x

2
0
+ 16
=
2
3
6

+ 2(2) 0 + 16
= 21
1
3
units
2
(b)

x
O
R
Q
4
2
y
A(2, 4)
y = + 2
x
2
2
Volume generated
= Volume generated by the curve from
y = 2 to y = 4
=
4
2
(2y 4) dy
= [y
2
4y]
4
2
= [4
2
4(4) (2
2
4(2))]
= 4 units
3
7 (a) y = x 4 1
x = (y 2)
2
2
Substituting 2 into 1 :
y = (y 2)
2
4
y = y
2
4y + 4 4
y = y
2
4y
0 = y
2
5y
0 = y(y 5)
y = 0 or 5
From 2 :
When y = 0,
x = (0 2)
2
= 4
B = (4, 0)
When y = 5,
x = (5 2)
2
= 9
A = (9, 5)
(b)

x
O
2
5
y
x = (y 2)
2
y = x 4
A(9, 5)
B(4, 0)
P
Q
x
2
2

= y 2
x
2
= 2y 4
58
Area of the shaded region P
= Area of trapezium Area under the curve
=
1
2
(4 + 9)(5)
5
0
x dy
= 32.5
5
0

(y 2)
2
dx
= 32.5

(y 2)
3
3(1)

5
0
= 32.5

(5 2)
3
3

(0 2)
3
3

= 20
5
6
units
2
(c) V
y
=
2
0
x
2
dy
=
2
0

(y 2)
4
dy
=

(y 2)
5
5(1)

2
0
=

(2 2)
5
5

(0 2)
5
5

0
32
5

= 6
2
5
units
3
8 (a) It is given that
dy
dx
= x
8
x
2
.
At the turning point (k, 6),

dy
dx
= 0
k
8
k
2
= 0
k =
8
k
2
k
3
= 8
k = 2
(b)
dy
dx
= x 8x
2

d
2
y
dx
2
= 1 + 16x
3

= 1 +
16
x
3
At (k, 6) = (2, 6),

d
2
y
dx
2
= 1 +
16
2
3
= 3 (> 0)
Hence, (2, 6) is a minimum point.
(c) y = (x 8x
2
) dx
y =
x
2
2

8x
1
1
+ c
y =
x
2
2
+
8
x
+ c
At the minimum point (2, 6),
x = 2 and y = 6.
6 =
2
2
2
+
8
2
+ c
c = 0
Hence, the equation of the curve is
y =
x
2
2
+
8
x
.
9
y
O
Q
x = 4
x
A
P
y = b(x 1)
3
1
(a) y = b(x 1)
3

dy
dx
= 3b(x 1)
2
(1)
= 3b(x 1)
2
At point A, x = 4.

dy
dx
= 27
3b(4 1)
2
= 27
27b = 27
b = 1
(b) (i) Area of the shaded region P
=
4
1

(x 1)
3
dx
=

(x 1)
4
4(1)

4
1
=
(4 1)
4
4

(1 1)
4
4
= 20
1
4
units
2
59
(ii) Volume generated when the shaded
region Q is revolved about the x-axis
=
1
0
[(x 1)
3
]
2
dx
=
1
0
(x 1)
6
dx
=

(x 1)
7
7(1)

1
0
=

(1 1)
7
7

(0 1)
7
7

0 +
1
7

=
1
7
units
3
10
y
O x
B
A(1, 4)
D
P
3
2
y = x
2
+ 3
Q
5
(a) y = x
2
+ 3
dy
dx
= 2x
At A(1, 4),
m (tangent) =
dy
dx
= 2(1)
= 2
Equation of tangent is
y 4 = 2(x 1)
y 4 = 2x 2
y = 2x + 2
(b) Area of shaded region P
=
1
0
y dx Area of trapezium ABOD
=
1
0
(x
2
+ 3) dx
1
2
(2 + 4)(1)
=

x
3
3
+ 3x

1
0
3
=
1
3
3
+ 3(1) 0 3
=
1
3
units
2
The tangent at A (y = 2x + 2) intersects
the y-axis at the point (0, 2).
(c) Volume of the solid generated if the shaded
region Q is revolved 180 about the y-axis
=
5
3
x
2
dy
=
5
3
(y 3) dy
=

y
2
2
3y

5
3
=

5
2
2
3(5)

3
2
2
3(3)

= 2 units
3
The curve y = x
2
+ 3 intersects the
y-axis at the point (0, 3).