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You are on page 1of 7

1

3

(1 + 2x)

4

dx

= 3(1 + 2x)

4

dx

= 3

(1 + 2x)

3

3(2)

+ c

=

1

2

(1 + 2x)

3

+ c

But it is given that

3

(1 + 2x)

4

dx = k(1 + 2x)

n

+ c , thus by

comparison, k =

1

2

and n = 3.

2 Area of the shaded region = 54 units

2

k

0

y dx = 54

k

0

6x

2

dx = 54

6

x

3

3

k

0

= 54

[2x

3

]

0

k

= 54

2(k

3

0

3

) = 54

k

3

= 27

k = 3

3

k

1

(4x 1) dx = 3

4x

2

2

x

k

1

= 3

[2x

2

x]

k

1

= 3

2k

2

k [2( 1)

2

( 1)] = 3

2k

2

k 3 = 3

2k

2

k 6 = 0

(2k + 3)(k 2) = 0

k =

3

2

or 2

k =

3

2

is not accepted

k = 2

4

2

1

f (x) dx +

3

2

[f (x) + cx] dx = 30

2

1

f (x) dx +

3

2

f (x) dx +

3

2

cx dx = 30

3

1

f (x) dx + c

x

2

2

3

2

= 30

5 + c

3

2

2

2

2

= 30

5

2

c

= 25

c = 10

5

b

a

1

2

f (x) dx =

1

2

b

a

f (x) dx =

1

2

(6) = 3

The area of the region below the

x-axis has a negative sign.

6

4

1

[nx g(x)] dx = 9

4

1

nx dx

4

1

g(x) dx = 9

n

x

2

2

4

1

+

1

4

g(x) dx = 9

b

a

g(x) dx =

a

b

g(x) dx

n

4

2

2

1

2

2

6 = 9

15

2

n

6 = 9

15

2

n = 15

n = 2

Form 5: Chapter 14 (Integration)

SPM Practice

Fully Worked Solutions

Paper 1

54

7 (a)

2

7

h(x) dx =

7

2

h(x) dx = 4

(b)

7

2

2 h(x) dx

7

2

p dx = 6

2

7

2

h(x) dx [px]

7

2

= 6

2(4) p[x]

7

2

= 6

p(7 2) = 6 8

5p = 2

p =

2

5

8 (a) (9x

2

+ 1) dx =

9x

3

3

+ x + c

= 3x

3

+ x + c

p = 3

(b) (9x

2

+ 1) dx = 6

3x

3

+ x + c = 6

When x = 1,

3(1)

3

+ (1) + c = 6

3 1 + c = 6

c = 10

55

Volume of the solid generated when the shaded

region is revolved through 360about the y-axis

= Volume of the cone generated by the line

segment OA Volume of the solid generated by

the curve x = y

2

1 from y = 1 to y = 3

=

1

3

r

2

h

3

1

x

2

dy

=

1

3

(8)

2

(3)

3

1

(y

2

1)

2

dy

= 64

3

1

(y

4

2y

2

+ 1) dy

= 64

y

5

5

2y

3

3

+ y

3

1

= 64

3

5

5

2(3)

3

3

+ 3

1

5

2

3

+ 1

= 64

243

5

18 + 3

1

5

+

2

3

1

= 64

496

15

= 30

14

15

units

3

3 (a)

dy

dx

= 3x

2

4x

y = (3x

2

4x) dx

=

3x

3

3

4x

2

2

+ c

= x

3

2x

2

+ c

The curve passes through the point A(1, 9).

9 = 1

3

2(1)

2

+ c

c = 8

Hence, the equation of the curve is

y = x

3

2x

2

8.

(b) At turning points,

dy

dx

= 0.

dy

dx

= 0

3x

2

4x = 0

x(3x 4) = 0

x = 0 or 1

1

3

d

2

y

dx

2

= 6x 4

Paper 2

1 (a)

dy

dx

= 2x + 4

y = (2x + 4) dx

=

2x

2

2

+ 4x + c

= x

2

+ 4x + c

y = 7 when x = 1:

7 = 1

2

+ 4(1) + c

c = 2

y = x

2

+ 4x + 2

(b) x

2

d

2

y

dx

2

+ (x 1)

dy

dx

+ y + 3 = 0

x

2

(2) + (x 1)(2x + 4) + (x

2

+ 4x + 2) + 3 = 0

2x

2

+ 2x

2

+ 2x 4 + x

2

+ 4x + 2 + 3 = 0

5x

2

+ 6x + 1 = 0

(5x + 1)(x + 1) = 0

x =

1

5

or 1

2 8y = 3x

x =

8

3

y 1

x = y

2

1 2

Substitute 1 into 2 :

8

3

y = y

2

1

8y = 3y

2

3

3y

2

8y 3 = 0

(3y + 1)(y 3) = 0

y =

1

3

or 3

It is obvious that for point A, y = 3.

From 1 , when y = 3,

x =

8

3

y =

8

3

(3) = 8

A = (8, 3)

x

O

y

3 x = y

2

1

8y = 3x

1

1 8

A

56

When x = 0,

y = (0)

3

2(0)

2

8 = 8

(0, 8) is a turning point.

d

2

y

dx

2

= 6(0) 4 = 4 (negative)

Hence, (0, 8) is a maximum point.

When x = 1

1

3

,

y =

4

3

3

2

4

3

2

8 = 9

5

27

1

1

3

, 9

5

27

is a turning point.

d

2

y

dx

2

= 6

4

3

4 = 4 (positive)

Hence,

1

1

3

, 9

5

27

is a minimum point.

4 (a) y =

4

(2x 1)

2

= 4(2x 1)

2

dy

dx

= 8(2x 1)

3

(2)

=

16

(2x 1)

3

At the point A(1, 4),

m =

dy

dx

=

16

[2(1) 1]

3

= 16

Hence, the equation of the tangent at the point

A(1, 4) is

y y

1

= m(x x

1

)

y 4 = 16(x 1)

y 4 = 16x + 16

y = 16x + 20

(b)

x

O 2 3

y

y =

4

(2x 1)

2

A(1, 4)

(i) Area of the shaded region

=

3

2

y dx

=

3

2

4

(2x 1)

2

dx

=

3

2

4(2x 1)

2

dx

=

4(2x 1)

1

1(2)

3

2

=

2

2x 1

3

2

=

2

2(3) 1

2

2(2) 1

=

2

5

2

3

=

4

15

units

2

(ii) Volume generated, V

x

=

3

2

y

2

dx

=

3

2

4

(2x 1)

2

2

dx

=

3

2

16

(2x 1)

4

dx

=

3

2

16(2x 1)

4

dx

=

16(2x 1)

3

3(2)

3

2

=

8

3(2x 1)

3

3

2

=

8

3

1

(2x 1)

3

3

2

=

8

3

1

[2(3) 1]

3

1

[2(2) 1]

3

=

8

3

1

125

1

27

=

784

10 125

units

3

5 (a) The gradient of the straight line

x + y 8 = 0 y = x + 8 is 1.

The gradient function is

dy

dx

= px

3

+ x

2

.

dy

dx

= 1

px

3

+ x

2

= 1

p(1)

3

+ (1)

2

= 1

p + 1 = 1

p = 2

At the point ( 1, 0),

x = 1.

57

(b)

dy

dx

= px

3

+ x

2

= 2x

3

+ x

2

y = (2x

3

+ x

2

) dx

=

2x

4

4

+

x

3

3

+ c

=

x

4

2

+

x

3

3

+ c

At the point (1, 0),

x = 1, y = 0

0 =

(1)

4

2

+

(1)

3

3

+ c

0 =

1

2

1

3

+ c

c =

1

6

Hence, the equation of the curve is

y =

x

4

2

+

x

3

3

1

6

6 (a) Equation of RAQ: 2y = x + 10

At point Q (on the x-axis), y = 0.

2(0) = x + 10

x = 10

Q = (10, 0)

x

O

R

Q

2 10

4

y

y = + 2

x

2

2

A(2, 4)

Area of the shaded region

= Area under the curve from x = 0 to

x = 2 + Area under the straight line AQ

=

2

0

x

2

2

+ 2

dx +

1

2

8 4

x

3

6

+ 2x

2

0

+ 16

=

2

3

6

+ 2(2) 0 + 16

= 21

1

3

units

2

(b)

x

O

R

Q

4

2

y

A(2, 4)

y = + 2

x

2

2

Volume generated

= Volume generated by the curve from

y = 2 to y = 4

=

4

2

(2y 4) dy

= [y

2

4y]

4

2

= [4

2

4(4) (2

2

4(2))]

= 4 units

3

7 (a) y = x 4 1

x = (y 2)

2

2

Substituting 2 into 1 :

y = (y 2)

2

4

y = y

2

4y + 4 4

y = y

2

4y

0 = y

2

5y

0 = y(y 5)

y = 0 or 5

From 2 :

When y = 0,

x = (0 2)

2

= 4

B = (4, 0)

When y = 5,

x = (5 2)

2

= 9

A = (9, 5)

(b)

x

O

2

5

y

x = (y 2)

2

y = x 4

A(9, 5)

B(4, 0)

P

Q

x

2

2

= y 2

x

2

= 2y 4

58

Area of the shaded region P

= Area of trapezium Area under the curve

=

1

2

(4 + 9)(5)

5

0

x dy

= 32.5

5

0

(y 2)

2

dx

= 32.5

(y 2)

3

3(1)

5

0

= 32.5

(5 2)

3

3

(0 2)

3

3

= 20

5

6

units

2

(c) V

y

=

2

0

x

2

dy

=

2

0

(y 2)

4

dy

=

(y 2)

5

5(1)

2

0

=

(2 2)

5

5

(0 2)

5

5

0

32

5

= 6

2

5

units

3

8 (a) It is given that

dy

dx

= x

8

x

2

.

At the turning point (k, 6),

dy

dx

= 0

k

8

k

2

= 0

k =

8

k

2

k

3

= 8

k = 2

(b)

dy

dx

= x 8x

2

d

2

y

dx

2

= 1 + 16x

3

= 1 +

16

x

3

At (k, 6) = (2, 6),

d

2

y

dx

2

= 1 +

16

2

3

= 3 (> 0)

Hence, (2, 6) is a minimum point.

(c) y = (x 8x

2

) dx

y =

x

2

2

8x

1

1

+ c

y =

x

2

2

+

8

x

+ c

At the minimum point (2, 6),

x = 2 and y = 6.

6 =

2

2

2

+

8

2

+ c

c = 0

Hence, the equation of the curve is

y =

x

2

2

+

8

x

.

9

y

O

Q

x = 4

x

A

P

y = b(x 1)

3

1

(a) y = b(x 1)

3

dy

dx

= 3b(x 1)

2

(1)

= 3b(x 1)

2

At point A, x = 4.

dy

dx

= 27

3b(4 1)

2

= 27

27b = 27

b = 1

(b) (i) Area of the shaded region P

=

4

1

(x 1)

3

dx

=

(x 1)

4

4(1)

4

1

=

(4 1)

4

4

(1 1)

4

4

= 20

1

4

units

2

59

(ii) Volume generated when the shaded

region Q is revolved about the x-axis

=

1

0

[(x 1)

3

]

2

dx

=

1

0

(x 1)

6

dx

=

(x 1)

7

7(1)

1

0

=

(1 1)

7

7

(0 1)

7

7

0 +

1

7

=

1

7

units

3

10

y

O x

B

A(1, 4)

D

P

3

2

y = x

2

+ 3

Q

5

(a) y = x

2

+ 3

dy

dx

= 2x

At A(1, 4),

m (tangent) =

dy

dx

= 2(1)

= 2

Equation of tangent is

y 4 = 2(x 1)

y 4 = 2x 2

y = 2x + 2

(b) Area of shaded region P

=

1

0

y dx Area of trapezium ABOD

=

1

0

(x

2

+ 3) dx

1

2

(2 + 4)(1)

=

x

3

3

+ 3x

1

0

3

=

1

3

3

+ 3(1) 0 3

=

1

3

units

2

The tangent at A (y = 2x + 2) intersects

the y-axis at the point (0, 2).

(c) Volume of the solid generated if the shaded

region Q is revolved 180 about the y-axis

=

5

3

x

2

dy

=

5

3

(y 3) dy

=

y

2

2

3y

5

3

=

5

2

2

3(5)

3

2

2

3(3)

= 2 units

3

The curve y = x

2

+ 3 intersects the

y-axis at the point (0, 3).

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