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You are on page 1of 11

V2.0

These solutions were written by Nikki Pham and typed up by Georgia Tsambos, Carl

Neuhaus and Daniel Le. Please be ethical with this resource. It is for the use of

MATHSOC members, so do not repost it on other forums or groups without

asking for permission. If you appreciate this resource, please consider supporting us

by coming to our events and buying our T-shirts! Also, happy studying :)

Notes: We cannot guarantee that our working is correct, or that it would obtain full

marks - please notify us of any errors or typos! There are sometimes multiple methods

of solving the same question. Remember in the real class test, you will be expected to

explain your steps and working out.

This document was written in mathematical typesetting language called

L

A

T

E

X (pronounced lay-teck). You can learnt a lot about how L

A

T

E

X works by

downloading the code for existing documents and ddling around with it. If you would

like to try this, send an email to g.tsambos@student.unsw.edu.au and I will send you

the code for this le.

Version History

1.0: Original Version

2.0: Major Corrections in 2008 V8a and 2009 V3a, reduced verbosity of answers (VN)

1

2008 V8a

1. A(2,-3,1) B(8,9,-5) in R

i.

AB =

8

9

5

2

3

1

6

12

6

ii.

OD =

OA +

2

3

AB

d

2

3

1

+

2

3

6

12

6

6

5

3

x

5

1

3

4

1

1

3

2

3

0

1

2

, R

On rearranging we have,

4

1

1

3

2

3

5

0

1

Equating components,

4 + 3 =5 (1)

2 =0 (2)

+ 3 =1 (3)

From (2) and (3),

= 2, = 1

2

Test in 1,

LHS = 4 + 3 = 4 2 + 3 (1) = 5 = RHS

Hence point lies on the plane

Alternatively, the augmented matrix is,

4 3 5

1 2 0

1 3 1

R

1

=R

3

1 3 1

1 2 0

4 3 5

R

1

=R

3

R

3

=R

3

4R

1

1 3 1

0 1 1

0 9 9

R

3

=R

3

+9R

2

1 3 1

0 1 1

0 0 0

Hence REF =

1 3 1

0 1 1

0 0 0

Hence every column is leading and there is a unique solution ie. point(0,1,2) does

lie on the plane.

3. The intersection occurs for values , , , for which

1

1

1

1

3

5

1

3

4

1

4

6

1

1

1

1 1 1 1 1

1 3 3 4 1

1 5 4 6 1

R

2

=R

2

R

1

R

3

=R

3

+R

1

1 1 1 1 1

0 2 2 3 0

0 6 5 5 2

R

3

=R

3

3R

2

1 1 1 1 1

0 2 2 3 0

0 0 1 14 2

This system has innitely many solutions - it has a non-leading column. Set = .

By back substitution from row 3,

+ 14 = 2 = 2 14

Hence the planes intersect on the line,

3

x

0

1

0

2 14

1

3

4

1

4

6

0

1

0

2 14

6 42

8 56

1

4

6

2

5

8

13

38

62

for R

4

2009 V3b

1. Same as Q1 2008 V5b

2. Point (3, 0, 1) lies on the plane if there is a solution to

3

0

1

5

0

1

1

3

2

3

2

4

1

3

2

3

2

4

2

0

2

1 3 2

3 2 0

2 4 2

R

2

+3R

1

R

3

+2R

1

1 3 2

0 11 6

0 2 6

R

3

2

11

R

2

1 3 2

0 11 6

0 0

54

11

Hence the system of equations has no solutions and the point does not lie on the

plane.

3. The augmented matrix is

1 3 2 4 2

2 4 5 9 0

1 1 4 6 6

R

2

+2R

1

R

3

+R

1

1 3 2 4 2

0 2 1 1 4

0 4 2 2 8

R

3

2R

2

1 3 2 4 2

0 2 1 1 4

0 0 0 0 0

Set x

3

=

1

and x

4

=

2

. Then

2x

2

+

1

2

= 4 = x

2

=

1

2

(4

1

+

2

) = 2

1

2

1

+

1

2

2

= x

1

+ 3x

2

2

1

+ 4

2

= 2

= x

1

= 2 3x

2

+ 2

1

+ 4

1

4

2

= 2

3

2

(4

1

+

2

) + 2

1

4

2

= 4 +

7

2

11

2

2

Hence

x

1

x

2

x

3

x

4

4 +

7

2

11

2

2

2

1

2

1

+

1

2

4

2

0

0

+

1

7

2

1

2

1

0

+

2

11

2

1

2

0

1

5

for

1

,

2

R. That is,

x

1

= 4 +

7

2

11

2

2

x

2

= 2

1

2

1

+

1

2

2

x

3

=

1

x

4

=

2

.

(NB. can also transform REF in reduced REF.)

To reduce likelihood of a transcription error, it might be easier to choose x

3

= 2

1

and x

4

= 2

2

. This has the advantage of avoiding any fractions in the question.

6

2009 V6b

1. We have x

1

2x

2

+7x

3

= 2. Set x

2

=

1

and x

3

=

2

. Hence x

1

= 2 +2

1

7

2

.

We have

x =

x

1

x

2

x

3

2 + 2

1

7

2

2

0

0

+

1

2

1

0

+

2

7

0

1

for

1

,

2

R. Hence

2

1

0

and

7

0

1

2. We have

3

2

3

4

1

2

1

3

0

3

2

1

1

2

2

0

1 0 1 3

2 3 2 2

1 2 2 3

3 1 0 4

R

2

2R

1

R

3

R

1

,R

4

3R

1

1 0 1 3

0 3 0 4

0 2 3 0

0 1 3 5

R

4

R

2

1 0 1 3

0 1 3 5

0 2 3 0

0 3 0 4

R

3

+2R

2

R

4

3R

2

1 0 1 3

0 1 3 5

0 0 9 10

0 0 9 19

R

4

+R

3

1 0 1 3

0 1 3 5

0 0 9 10

0 0 0 9

3

2

3

4

is not a linear

combination of the three vectors.

7

3. We want r(x) = ax

2

+ bx + c such that r(1) = 6, r(3) = 10, r(2) = 15. Now

r(1) = 6 = a + b + c = 6

r(3) = 10 = 9a + 3b + c = 10

r(2) = 15 = 4a 2b + c = 15

Hence

1 1 1 6

9 3 1 10

4 2 1 15

R

2

9R

1

R

3

4R

1

1 1 1 6

0 6 8 44

0 6 3 9

R

3

R

2

1 1 1 6

0 6 8 44

0 0 5 35

R

3

=R

3

1

5

1 1 1 6

0 6 8 44

0 0 1 7

R

1

R

3

R

2

+8R

3

1 1 0 1

0 6 0 12

0 0 1 7

R

2

=R

2

1

6

1 1 0 1

0 1 0 2

0 0 1 7

R

1

R

2

1 0 0 1

0 1 0 2

0 0 1 7

2

2x + 7.

8

2009 V3a

1. A =

1 1

3 0

, B =

2 1

1 0

1 1

, C =

2 1

0 1

.

CB is not dened since no. of columns of C = no. of rows of B.

A

2

=

1 1

3 0

1 1

3 0

2 1

3 3

C

T

3A =

2 0

1 1

1 1

3 0

2 0

1 1

3 3

9 0

1 3

10 1

4

1

8

2

3

1

3

4

2

2 3 4

3 4 1

1 2 8

R

1

R

3

1 2 8

3 4 1

2 3 4

R

2

+3R

1

R

3

2R

1

1 2 8

0 2 23

0 1 12

R

3

+R

2

1

2

1 2 8

0 2 23

0 0 0.5

.

Hence the system of equations has no solution and the vector

4

1

8

is not

parallel to the plane.

3. The plane and line intersect if

9

2

9

6

1

2

1

2

5

4

6

2

2

1

5

6

1

2

1

2

5

4

1

5

6

4

7

8

1 2 1 4

2 5 5 7

1 4 6 8

R

2

+2R

1

R

3

+R

1

1 2 1 4

0 1 3 1

0 2 3 4

R

3

2R

2

1 2 1 4

0 1 3 1

0 0 1 6

their intersection point, which is

12

28

38

.

10

2010 V3b

1.

A

2

(B

1

CA)

1

B

1

C

T

= A

2

A

1

C

1

(B

1

)

1

B

1

C

T

= A

2

A

1

C

1

BB

1

C

T

= AC

1

IC

T

= AC

1

C

T

.

2. AB =

2 3 5

6 7 2

5 2

3 1

1 2

14 3

11 9

.

3. Same as Q2 2008 V1b.

4. Same as Q3 2009 V6b.

11

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