This Document was created for http://appscgroup.blogspot.

com for reference purpose by Naik

This Document was created by for reference purpose by Naik

Protected areas
Andhra Pradesh has a network of 22 sanctuaries and 4 national parks covering an area of 12,579.205 km². or 4.57 % of the geographical area of the state. There are 3 zoos established in the state.
Wild Life Sanctuaries Area

(In km².)
Kawal Pranahita 893.00 136.02

Sivaram Eturnagaram Pakhal Kinnera Sani Papikonda Coringa Kolleru Krishna Pocharam Manjira

29.81 803.00 860.20 635.40 591.00 235.70 308.55 194.81 129.84 20.00

Nagarjunasagar Srisailam (Project Tiger) 3568.00 Rolla Padu Gundla Brahmeswara Sri Lankamalleshwara Nelapattu Pulicat Kaundinya (Project Elephant) Sri Peninsula Narasimha Kambalakonda Wildlife Sanctuary 6.14 1194.00 464.42 4.58 500.00 357.60 1030.85 70.70 Area

National Parks

(In km².)
Sri Venkateshwara Sanctuary and National Park 525.97 Kasu Brahmananda Reddy National Park Mrugavani National Park 1.425 3.60

Mahavir Harina Vanasthali National Park TOTAL AREA Zoo park Nehru Zoological Park Location Hyderabad

14.59 12579.205 Area (in Acres) 1000 acres (4 km²) 5,532 acres (22 km²)

Sri Venkateswara Zoological Park Tirupati Indira Gandhi Zoological Park

Visakhapatnam 625 acres (2.5 km²)

Nehru Zoological Park, Hyderabad
Location Nehru Zoolgical park was declared open to the public on 6th October, 1963. The zoo spreads over 400 acres and is the premier picnic spot for the twin-cities of Hyderabad and Secunderabad. It is open all round the year except Mondays. The zoos' undulating landscape provides a natural setting displayed in large habitat-simulating enclosures.The Mir- Alam tank covering nearly 600 acres attracts hundreds of migratory birds which is a special attraction. Animal/ Bird collection Primates : Chimpanzee from Central Africa, Mandrill, Orangatun, Chacma, Olive and yellow baboons( in open islands) etc. Indian primates include Rhesus, Bonnet, Monkeys (stump-tailed, lion-tailed and pig-tailed), Golden and common langurs. Carnivores : African and Indian lions, Tigers, panthers, jackals ,wolves, hyenas, bears etc. Reptiles : Giant/ Star tortoises, water turtles, Estuarine crocodiles in open pools , Monitor lizards and chameleons share enclosures, hooded Indian Cobra, Russels Viper, Giant rock-python, tree snakes etc. Birds : Pea-cock, Rosy pelicans, flamingoes, storks, pigeons, doves,love-birds, parakeets, parrots, pied horn bills,grey horn bills and a variety of munias, finches and buntings. Specialities and General Info : The zoo is the first in India to have lion safari and tiger safari, the first modern nocturnal animal house where the animals which are active during night like Lorises, Civets,bats, jungles are exhibited in simulated night conditions. Zoo is closed on Mondays Zoo Timings : April to June (8 AM to 5.30 PM) and July to March (8.30 AM to 5PM) Elephant Ride ( 3 PM to 5.15 PM)

Sri Venkateswara Zoological Park, Tirupathi
About the zoo APFD's third best zoo after Nehru Zoological Park(Hyderabad) and (Visakhapatnam) at Tirupathi, the abode of Lord Venkateswara has daily visitation of about 40,000 people. Park is developed with a spiritual theme. The Entrance depicts the incarnations of Almighty(Matsya, Kurma, Varaha and Almighty(Matsya, Narasimha avataras) provides an opening to the new theme of the park.

Inception & Theme Foundation laid on 29 29-09-1987 with 5532 acres. The auspicious arrival of Venkanna, the elephant calf (rescued from cyclone) set the tone for establishment of the park. Highlihts the role of animals and plants in Indian culture, mythology and literature.

Highlights Sprawling emerald lawns greet the visitors. Mayuravani The house for enchanting peafowls. MayuravaniMrugavani - The house for herbivores. Vrukavihar - Living place for smaller carnivores. along with parakeets, manias, ducks, geese and a variety of other birds like flamingoes, swans, pelicans, raptors etc. Plans Installation of awe awe-inspiring safaries. Enthralling reptile and nocturnal animal houses. Amusing insectorium. Environmental education centre. Children's corner. Improvement for animal health health-care and research.

Indira Gandhi Zoological Park, Visakhapatnam
Location, Objectives, Plans Indira Gandhi Zoological park is situated in Visakhapatnam amidst the scenic eastern ghats of India, flanked by hills on either side and Bay of Bengal on the east. Declared open to the public on 19th May 1977. The park extends over an area of 625 acres. > Conservation of critically endangered fauna (Special attention on endemic fauna). > Wildlife Conservation and Management. Plans to construct nocturnal animal house, reptile house and enclosures for animals apart from setting up Marine land complex on shores of the Bay of Bengal in an area of hundred acres. Animal / Bird collection Eighty species numbering 800 animals Primates comprising monkeys : Common langur, rhesus monkey, bonnet monkey and fauna like mandrills, olive and sacred babbons. Carnivores : Panthers, tigers, lions, pumas, jaguars, wolves, jackals, hyena, ratle etc. Reptiles: Pythons, Tortoise, terrapins, Monitor lizards Herbivores: Elephant, Bison, Sambar, Spotted deer, and Thamin deer Birds : Grey/ Rosy pelicans, Pied horn bills, painted storks, peacocks, ducks, love birds, cockateels and other ground birds Special attractions : Hippopotamus & Crocodiles.

This Document was created by for reference purpose by Naik

Joint Forest Management in Andhra Pradesh
The National Forest Policy of 1988 has recognised the need to involve local people in management of forests for ensuring their effective conservation. The Government of India has issued detailed guidelines in the year 1990 on the concept of implementing Joint Forest Management. Accordingly the Government of Anhra Pradesh has issued formal orders in 1992 for adopting Joint Forest Management (JFM) as a strategy for rehabilitation of degraded forests. Detailed guidelines were also issued in the year 1993, for taking up JFM through village level committees called "Vana Samrakshana Samithies" (VSS). Like many other State Governments, the AP Forests Department have also issued comprehensive guidelines for adopting Joint Forest Management as a strategy for rehabilitation of degraded forests in the year 1993, through village level committees called "Vana Samrakshana Samithies" (VSS). Initially, there was lot of skepticism among the foresters about the worthiness of this strategy as a remedy for protection problems. This type of approach for managing forests was new to the people also, hence lot of effort was needed to convince the people also about the assurances of the Government on the returns promised to the people, if they take up Joint Forest Management. However, with the passage of time, both the local people as well as the forest officials started seeing what JFM can do for rejuvenating degraded forests, and the concept gained more acceptance. The success stories spread

from one village to another village. What was started as a small program has today attained gigantic proportions. Under the dynamic leadership of the Chief Minster Sri Nara Chandra Babu Naidu, the program attained a state level campaign mode. As the CM himself had said many times, if we have to see the impact of any strategy we have to think big and implement it all over the State, instead of dealing with a few hundred villages here and there. Keeping in view the tremendous enthusiasm being shown by the people towards this program and the spectacular improvement in forest regeneration due to their efforts, the State Government issued orders on 7-1296 giving 100% share of timber and bamboo to the VSS members, enhancing it from 50% share envisaged earlier. This is a true sign of the confidence imposed in the ability of the people in managing their forest resources efficiently. AP ranked top in JFM implementation according to WORLD BANK
The Scheduled Tribes and Other Traditional Forest Dwellers (Recognition of Forest Rights) Act, 2006 The Act grants four types of rights:

• • •

Title rights - i.e. ownership - to land that is being farmed by tribals or forest dwellers as on December 13, 2005, subject to a maximum of 4 hectares; ownership is only for land that is actually being cultivated by the concerned family as on that date, meaning that no new lands are granted Use rights - to minor forest produce (also including ownership), to grazing areas, to pastoralist routes, etc. Relief and development rights - to rehabilitation in case of illegal eviction or forced displacement and to basic amenities, subject to restrictions for forest protection Forest management rights - to protect forests and wildlife.

This Document was created by for reference purpose by Naik

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