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You are on page 1of 5

Introduction

4/3/98

Axis:

z-axis

y-axis

x-axis

3D Plane (x, y, z)

Terms:

Co-linear Points on the same line

Concurrent Points that go through the same point

Normal Perpendicular to

Locus Set off points

Equidistant Same distance

Gradient Intercept Form

Equation: y = m.x + b

m = Gradient (slope)

b = y-intercept

General Form

Equation: a.x + b.y + c = 0

Where, a > 0 and a integer (whole number)

For Co-cordinate Geometry Equations For a Graphs See Relations & Functions

GIKPKC7 94107 Co-ordinate Geometry Page 2

m2 m1 = ‘+’ slope

m2 = ‘–’ slope

m1

y 2 y1 Rise

Equation: m m

x 2 x1 Run

m = Gradient

(x1, y1) = 1st point

(x2, y2) = 2nd point

Distance Formula:

d x 2 x1 y 2 y1

2 2

Equation:

d = Distance

(x1, y1) = 1st point

(x2, y2) = 2nd point

Mid-point Formula:

x x2 y1 y 2

Equation: M 1 ,

2 2

M = Mid-point

(x1, y1) = 1st point

(x2, y2) = 2nd point

Equation: Y – y1 = m(X – x1)

(x1, y1) = Point

m = Gradient

+ve x-axis direction

Equation: tan = m

m = Gradient

= Angle

GIKPKC7 94107 Co-ordinate Geometry Page 3

Equation: m1 = m2

m1 = 1st gradient

m2 = 2nd gradient

Lines parallel to the x-axis have m = 0 Note: x-axis has y = 0

Lines parallel to the y-axis have m = Note: y-axis has x = 0

1

Equation: m1

m2

m1 = 1st gradient

m2 = 2nd gradient

other Lines:

Two lines will always intersect unless parallel.

Solve Simultaneously Or

Equation: (a1.x + b1.y + c1) + k(a2.x + b2.y + c2) = 0

(x, y) = Point

a1.x + b1.y + c1 = 1st line

a2.x + b2.y + c2 = 2nd line

k = Constant

Perpendicular Distance:

a .x 1 b . y 1 c

Equation: d

a 2 b2

d = Distance

a.x1 + b.y1 + c = Line

(x1, y1) = Point

Acute angle between two straight lines.

m1 m2

Equation: tan

1 m 1 .m 2

= Angle

m1 = 1st gradient

m2 = 2nd gradient

GIKPKC7 94107 Co-ordinate Geometry Page 4

Internally means that the ratio is positive (E.g. m:n).

Externally means that the ratio is negitive (E.g. – m:n).

m .x 2 n .x 1 m .y2 n.y1

Equation: x y

mn mn

(x, y) = Point

(x1, y1) = 1st point

(x2, y2) = 2nd point

m:n = Ratio

GIKPKC7 94107 Co-ordinate Geometry Page 5

If unsure draw a table of x & y values.

Answer if not a absolute value.

Answer.

E.g. (2) y = x + 1

1

2 2

2

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