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Fauna

Common name Binomial nomenclature for species or genus Psychoactive


constituent(s) Regions/Cultures of use
Colorado River toad Bufo alvarius 5-Me-!M" and #ufotenin Controversial
interpretation of Mesoamerican art$
%edit&Flora
Common name Binomial nomenclature for species or genus Psychoactive
constituent(s) Regions/Cultures of use
'frican dream root (ilene capensis Possi#ly triterpenoid saponins )hosa
people of (outh 'frica$
'yahuasca Banisteriopsis caapi *armala al+aloids (outh 'merica, people of the
'ma-on Rainforest$ .!/ of Bra-il and .nited (tates$ .se 0ithin ayahuasca$
Blue lily 1ymphaea caerulea 1uciferine and aporphine Possi#ly ancient
2gypt and (outh 'merica$
'ngel3s trumpet Brugmansia spp$ "ropane al+aloids (outh 'merica4
sometimes used as part of ayahuasca$
Bolivian torch cactus 2chinopsis lageniformis syn$ "richocereus #ridgesii Mescaline
(outh 'merica
Canna#is Canna#is spp$ "*C and other canna#inoids (adhus of 5ndia$ (ee also6
religious and spiritual use of canna#is$
Chaliponga !iplopterys ca#rerana!M"4 5-Me-!M" and #ufotenin Bra-il4
Colom#ia4 2cuador4 and Peru as part of ayahuasca$
*armalPeganum harmala *armala al+aloids "ur+ey and the Middle 2ast$
*a0aiian #a#y 0oodrose 'rgyreia nervosa 2rgoline al+aloids Psychoactive4
#ut may not have #een used as an entheogen$ 1ative to 5ndia$ "raditional usage
possi#le #ut mainly undocumented$
*en#ane *yoscyamus niger "ropane al+aloids 'ncient 7reece and 0itches
of the Middle 'ges$
Peruvian torch cactus 2chinopsis peruviana syn$ "richocereus peruvianusMescaline
Pre-5ncan Chav8n rituals in Peru$
5#oga "a#ernanthe i#oga 5#ogaine B0iti religion of 9est Central 'frica$
Morning glory 5pomoea tricolor 2rgoline al+aloids '-tecs
Morning glory 5pomoea violacea 2rgoline al+aloids Ma-atec%:&
;imson 0eed !atura stramonium "ropane al+aloids 1ative 'mericans6
'lgon<uian and =uise>o$ (adhus of 5ndia$ "?ltos of the Magyar (*ungary)$
Mapacho 1icotiana rustica 1icotine and harmala al+aloids (outh 'merica
;urema Mimosa tenuiflora syn$ M$ hostilis !M" and harmala al+aloids-ott
claims to have ta+en #ar+ alone and is active 1ortheastern Bra-il
Peyote=ophophora 0illiamsii Mescaline shara "radition
Chacruna Psychotria viridis !M" .!/ of Peru4 2cuador4 Colom#ia4 and the
Bra-ilian church$ (anto !aime have used it as part of ayahuasca$
(+a Mar8a Pastora (alvia divinorum (alvinorin ' Ma-atec
(an Pedro cactus 2chinopsis pachanoi syn$ "richocereus pachanoi Mescaline
(outh 'merica
"o#acco 1icotiana rustica 1icotine4 *armala al+$1orth @ (outh 'merica4 other
spp$ may have similar activity
Christmas vine "ur#ina corym#osa syn$ Rivea corym#osa 2rgoline al+aloids
Ma-atec%:&
/irola /irola spp$ !M"4 5-Me-!M" and #ufotenin (outh 'merica
/ilca 'nadenanthera colu#rina !M"4 5-Me-!M" and #ufotenin (outh 'merica
Aopo 'nadenanthera peregrina !M"4 5-Me-!M" and #ufotenin (outh 'merica
%edit&Fungi
Common name Binomial nomenclature for species or genus Psychoactive
constituent(s) Regions/Cultures of use
Fly agaric 'manita muscaria%B& 5#otenic acid and muscimol (i#erian shamans$
(candinavia$ Possi#ly the (oma drin+ of 5ndia$
Magic mushrooms primarily Psilocy#e spp$ Psilocy#in and psilocin, #aeocystin
and nor#aeocystin (some species) Ma-atec
%edit&(ee also