1

S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Copyright 2001SIEP B.V
Running the Completion
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Runni ng the Completion
Preparations at the wellsite
The Tools
Running Procedures
Connections
Packers
SSSVs
Installing the Tree
Well Hand-Over
2
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Wellsi te Preparati ons
What do we need to run a completion?
In your syndicate group make a list of
everything you will need on your rig to install
the completion in Team Exercise 2.
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Wellsi te Preparati ons
What do we need to run a completion?
Sub-Assemblies
Tubing
Control Line
X-mas Tree
Wellhead Adapter Flange
Pipe Handling Gear
Tubing Tongs
BOP rams
Slickline Equipment
E-line Equipment??
People ….. lots and lots of people!!!
3
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
The Tool s
The Rig
Hoisting
Rotating
Pumping
Well Control
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Typical Heavy Land Rig
– Depth Rating…6,000 m
– Drawworks ……3000 HP
– Pump Power…3200 HP
– Rig Staff……………60
– Costs USD 15k per day
Drilling Rig
4
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Land Rigs Land Rigs “ “ Abu Dhabi/Canada Abu Dhabi/Canada” ”
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
DESERT RIG – Oman (Lekhwair)
5
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
HELI RIG
when you have to…
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Sit on Bottom SWAMP BARGE
6
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Fulmar Production Platform
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Stena Tay – DP semi -submersi bl e
7
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
DRILLSHIP – Neddrill-2
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Stena Seawell – Well Interventi on Vessel
8
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
The Hoisting System
• Derrick
• Draw-works
• Crown
Block
• Traveling
Block
• Hook
• Anchor
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
DRILLER Operating Hoisting System
9
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
DRAWWORKS System
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
When Pressure applied to the Drilling Brake
10
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Kell y & Rotary Table
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Top Drive
1 Compensating Link
2 Rotary Swivel
3 El. Motor
4 Gear Box
5 Gear Lock
6 Swivel coupling
7 Link Tilt Actuators
8 Link Hanger
9 Knuckle Links
10 IBOP
11 Torque Wrench
12 Links
13 Drill Pipe Elevator
11
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
ROTARY
SLIPS
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Slips
Elevator
12
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
WASTE
PIT
Circulation
System
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
MUD PUMPS
13
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Mud Tank System
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Pipe Handling Gear
Single J oint Elevators
Single J oint Compensator
Tubing Elevator
Tubing Slips
Stabbing Guides
Quicklock thread protectors
Pickup / Lay down machine for 13Cr tubing
14
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Tubi ng Tongs
Hydraulic tongs
Electric / diesel powered hydraulic power-pack located in safe area
Integral back-up system
Variable speed
Torque controller
Soft-torque features
Torque-turn analysis system
Non-marking jaws for 13Cr tubulars
Safety features
Minimum interface
Interlock on jaw covers
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
BOP Preparation
Must be a set of pipe rams in BOP that can close
around tubing
Variable pipe rams required for tapered tubing string
Top pipe rams generally changed out and tested prior
to running completion
Some companies rely on annular preventer – brave!!!
15
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Prepari ng the Compl eti on
Tubing preparation serves two purposes
ensures pipe body and threads protected
when being moved to the drill floor
handling of tubing on drill floor kept to an
absolute minimum
Laying out pipe
Last joint into the well is first on bottom
layer furthest from catwalk
Box ends nearest rigfloor
Work in and up from there!
Keep sub-assemblies separate
Numbering
Different options but be consistent
Number sub-assemblies A…and B…
Number Pup J oints
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Cleani ng and Inspection
Cleaning threads
No diesel or wire brushes
Fast cleaning solvents (Shellsol)
High pressure steam cleaners and air dryers
Clean pin end thread protectors as well
Drifting
Use non-metallic API drifts (42”long)
Always drift from pin end to box end (avoids box seal damage)
Use softline or air to move drift – avoid steel cable / rods / wire
Inspection
Check threads for galling
Check seal areas for smoothness
Ensure anti-galling treatment applied
16
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Measurement and Pi pe Tall y
Ideally pipe should be measured twice
by different people
Use steel tape – check it is in good
condition
Make-up Loss – two options:
Use tape jig to allow for loss
Measure total length and adjust lengths later
(spreadsheet)
Be consistent and clear (beware
crewchanges!!!)
Lengths sometimes marked on pin ends of
pipe
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Runni ng the Completion
Tubulars picked up from catwalk to drillfloor
Pulled up by single joint elevator on rigfloor air
winch
Lifted up by crane
Picked up using manual pick-up / laydown
machine
Picked up using automatic pipe handler
Tubing Made up to string
picked up on single joint elevator
Stabbed into previous joint
Made up using power tong
String Lowered
Single joint elevator removed, main elevator
installed
String picked out of slips
String lowered into well
17
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Mechanical Handl ing of Tubul ars
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Handli ng Tubulars
18
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Tubi ng Elevators
Side Door
Centre Latch
Slip-Type
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Slip Type Elevator
19
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Flush mounted sli ps
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Singl e Joint Compensator
Positioning of the pin in the box during make-up is critical
If no weight transferred to box, make-up cannot take place
If too much weight transferred, stabbing and alignment becomes difficult,
galling may occur due to high contact loads
Extremely difficult to achieve accurate weight transfer with driller’s brake
Controlled and accurate weight transfer is the key to successful
make-up.
SJ C installed between rig travelling block and single joint
elevator
weight of the pipe neutralised
controlled downward penetration of the pipe is possible during make-up
highly recommended for both make-up and break-out of premium
connections
Essential for corrosion resistant alloy (CRA) tubulars
20
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Singl e Joint Compensator
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Stabbi ng the pipe
protect the threads and seals from
standing up on the shoulder of the box end
tubing joint needs to be held vertically over
the stabbing guide and lowered in a
controlled manner to maintain the
alignment and guide the pin end into the
thread engagement of the box.
the pipe should not be rocked;
pipe should be rotated with a strap wrench
to initially engage threads
21
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Stabbi ng Gui des
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Maki ng the Connecti on
Correct make-up torque essential
optimum stress distribution throughout thread connection
ensure a pressure tight seal
Prevents joint failure / back-off
Over-torquing may
damage threads or seals
Cause crimping of the pin
Cause belling outwards of the box
Make-up torque generally specified by thread
manufacturer. Dependant on
connection type
grade of material
size and weight of tubing.
Make-up torque will vary with different thread
compounds
Make-up speed also important:
High speed makeup causes damage – over torque,
thread galling, seal damage
Max speed: 25 rpm (CRA: 15 rpm)
22
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Tong
Features
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Dual Compl eti ons
23
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Dual Compl eti on Tong
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Torque vs Turns
Correct make-up cannot be judged on torque alone
Crossed threads
Dirty threads
Galled threads
Essential to obtain correct pin penetration into the box
To form a pressure tight seal by producing adequate bearing pressure.
To achieve sufficient thread engagement to produce load-carrying efficiency.
Torque vs turns has to be analysed
Torque turn data published by connection manufacturers
Torque-turn measurements possible using instrumented tongs
On-site analysis of torque-turn graphs best practical means of identifying
potentially leaking connections before they are run into the hole
24
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Premium Thread Requirements
Premium connection design requires that
a certain amount of the make-up torque
is applied to the metal-to-metal seal area
so that pressure integrity is maintained
under all expected loads
Problem:
how to determine the amount of torque going
into the seal / shoulder area.
Solution:
accurately identify the point of initial seal
/shoulder contact and supply sufficient torque
from that point.
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
25
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Size (O.D.) Nominal
Weight
Wall
Thick-
ness
55
ksi
75 - 80 - 95
ksi
105 - 110 - 115
ksi
in. lb / ft in. min. opt. max. min. opt. max. min. opt. max.
5" 13.0 .253 3780 4200 4620 4110 4560 5010 4370 4850 5330
15 .296 4230 4700 5170 4630 5140 5650 4820 5350 5880
18.0 .362 5140 5710 6280 5540 6150 6760 5800 6440 7080
20.3 .408 6190 6870 7550 6840 7590 8340 7170 7960 8750
20.8 .422 6320 7020 7720 6840 7590 8340 7170 7960 8750
21.4 .437 6470 7160 7870 7170 7960 8750 7470 8300 9130
23.2 .478 6840 7590 8340 7470 8300 9130 7830 8700 9570
24.1 .500 6840 7590 8340 7470 8300 9130 7830 8700 9570
5½" 15.5 .275 4230 4700 5170 4630 5140 5650 4880 5420 5960
17.0 .304 4560 5060 5560 4950 5500 6050 5220 5790 6360
20.0 .361 5340 5930 6520 5860 6510 7160 6120 6800 7480
23.0 .415 6390 7090 7790 7170 7960 8750 7470 8300 9130
26.8 .476 6840 7590 8340 7470 8300 9130 8150 9050 9950
Recommended field make-up torque
e
x
a
m
p
l
e
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
TORQUE / TURN GRAPH
Target Torque/Turn Zone
Zero
Turns
T
o
r
q
u
e
Min
Max
Min Max
26
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
TORQUE / TURN GRAPH
Target Torque/Turn Zone
Zero
Turns
T
o
r
q
u
e
Min
Max
Min Max
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
TORQUE / TURN GRAPH
Target Torque/Turn Zone
Zero
Turns
T
o
r
q
u
e
Min
Max
Min Max
27
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Ref
Turns
T
o
r
q
u
e
MSP
Opt
Max
Thread
Interference
Thread and Seal
Interference
Shoulder Engagement
Torque applied to
Shoulder
Typi cal ' Tapered Connection' Profil e
28
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Ref
Turns
T
o
r
q
u
e
MSP
Opt
Max
Seal Interference
Shoulder Engagement
Torque applied to
Shoulder
Typi cal 'Non-Tapered Connection' Profil e
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Ref
T
o
r
q
u
e
MS
P
Opt
Max
Thread and Seal
Interference
Shoulder Engagement
Torque applied to Shoul der
Turns
Typi cal NKK Connecti on Profi le
29
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Ref
Turns
T
o
r
q
u
e
Opt
Max
1
2
3
4
5
Shoul der Detecti on
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Ref
Turns
T
o
r
q
u
e
MSP
Opt
Max
MSP = (Maximum Shoulder Position)
Maximum torque minus manufacturers
recommended torque applied after shoulder
engagement (a % of Optimum torque)
Shoul der Rejection Area
30
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Minimum Shoul der Posi ti on
Most Premium connection manufacturers require that a
certain amount of the make-up torque is seen to be
applied to the metal-to-metal seal area before the
shoulder engages to give confidence that the pin and
box seals have engaged correctly.
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Ref
Turns
T
o
r
q
u
e
MSP
Opt
Max
LSP
LSP (Lowest Shoulder Position )
Manufacturers recommended torque applied
before shoulder engagement (a % of Optimum)
Shoul der Rejection Area
31
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
3rd generati on torque-turn system capabilities
Continuously monitors Torque and Turns.
Controls Tong (speed and torque applied).
Ensures a minimum % of Optimum Torque is applied to Seal
(LSP).
Identifies Shoulder engagement.
Ensures a minimum % of Optimum Torque is applied to
Shoulder (MSP).
Can be used as a pressure testing medium (PLS).
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Connecti on Rej ecti on Criteria
Excess Turns. (Over Turns)
No Shoulder engagement. (No Shoulder Detected)
Shoulder below LSP.
Poor Profile after shoulder.
Shoulder above MSP.
Excess Torque. (Over Torque)
32
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Over Turns
Ref
Turns
T
o
r
q
u
e
MSP
Opt
Max
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Ref
Turns
T
o
r
q
u
e
MSP
Opt
Max
No Shoul der Detected
33
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Shoul der bel ow LSP
Turns
T
o
r
q
u
e
MSP
Opt
Max
LSP
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Poor Profile after shoul der
Turns
T
o
r
q
u
e
MSP
Opt
Max
1
2
3
4
5
34
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Shoul der above MSP
Turns
T
o
r
q
u
e
MSP
Opt
Max
1
2
3
4
5 1
2
3
5
4
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Turns
T
o
r
q
u
e
MSP
Opt
Max
Over-torque
35
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Turns
T
o
r
q
u
e
MSP
Opt
Max
5654
0.94
2132
0.89
Good Connecti on
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Other possi bl e problems
Some profiles indicate a possible problem – but might
still have a good seal
Operator decision needed for
Poor Profile
Dip prior to Shoulder
Turns after shoulder
Insufficient Detail
36
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Poor Profile
T
o
r
q
u
e
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
T
o
r
q
u
e
37
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
T
o
r
q
u
e
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Dip prior to shoul der
T
o
r
q
u
e
38
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
T
o
r
q
u
e
Turns after shoul der
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
T
o
r
q
u
e
Insuffi ci ent Data
39
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Quiz
In your groups consider the following graphs:
What is the graph telling us?
Would you accept the connection?
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Ref
Turns
T
o
r
q
u
e
MSP
Opt
Max
No. 1
40
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Ref
Turns
T
o
r
q
u
e
MSP
Opt
Max
No. 2
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Turns
T
o
r
q
u
e
MSP
Opt
Max
No. 3
41
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Ref
Turns
T
o
r
q
u
e
MSP
Opt
Max
No. 4
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Computer controll ed make-up
Systems now control and analyse connection in real time:
After Stabbing
tubular speed gradually increased by the computer until the required RPM is
reached
If torque exceeds preset safety limit, the process halts
protects the connection from excessive torque during vulnerable stage of the
make-up process.
Running In
computer controls RPM at desired value until a preset torque below reference
torque, is reached
make-up is interrupted in a controlled manner to enable gear changing(manual).
After Gear Change
computer controls gradual acceleration of tubular RPM until new low gear RPM
setting is reached
computer controls the RPM until the shoulder point is reached
42
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Computer controll ed make-up …(2)
Shoulder Point
Shoulder point identified by computer – determines if it has occurred
between LSP and MSP
If OK make-up is allowed to continue
If outside limits make-up is aborted to prevent damage to connection.
Approach To Target
computer decreases tubular RPM as the torque value approaches the
target make-up value
When target torque is reached, the computer can either terminate the
make-up with a controlled release of the torque or go into torque hold
mode.
Torque Hold
Computer controls torque at a constant preset level for a preset time
period.
torque is released in a controlled manner
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Leak Testi ng
Requirement for leak testing while running or after the
tubing has been landed depends on the type of
completion, production conditions, location, etc.
During the running of tubing three methods available
External hydro-testing
Internal hydro-testing
Internal gas testing
Gas based testing most accurate
Operationally challenging
Limited pipe dope must be used
Leaks can take 10 -15 mins to appear
43
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
External Testi ng
Two packing elements
set around the pipe
above and below the
connection
System pressurised with
water
Leakage detected
pressure drop in water
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Internal Hydro-Test
Tool activated by water
pressure which expands
opposing cup packers
Leakage is detected by a drop
in test pressure.
44
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Internal Gas Test
Wrap around device containing helium sensing
probe installed externally onto the connection
Pack-off device installed internally across
connection
Connection tested with Nitrogen/helium gas
mixture
Leakage detected by the presence of helium at
the external sensing probe
Safety Note:
beware use of high gas pressures
ensure gas can escape should the connection leak
severely
Ensure wrap-around sleeve cannot be blown off
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
CRA Handli ng Precauti ons
Non-marking jaws
Soft grip tongs
Micro-grip elevators and slips
Pipe handling machines
45
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Non-marking Tubi ng Sli ps
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Non-Marking Jaws
46
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
CRA precauti ons
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Correctl y bundled tubulars
47
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Packers
Prior to running a packer check the following:
Correct size and type (cross check with drawings);
Slips - cutting edges of teeth (internal/external);
Springs - location and integrity
sleeves - positioning of;
shear pins/screws - number and correct material
set screws - insertion/removal as required;
Elastomers - correct hardnesss and condition;
Clearances between components;
'O'-rings, chevron and other seals - location and integrity;
screw threads - condition
polished/honed surfaces - condition
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
SSSVs
WRSSVs generally not run with completion
Protective sleeve installed in landing nipple
Control line should be pressurised while running completion
Tubing Retrievable Valves
Function test and pressure test at surface prior to running the completion.
Run with a hold open tool (HOT) to hold valve in the open position
throughout the completion operation (flow-tube activated type).
Control line should be kept pressurised while running valve
Do not conduct a pressure test on a "TR"-type valve unless the pressure
below the valve can be monitored at surface.
If a TR-SSSV closes with a plug below it and pressure is trapped below it
there is serious risk of damaging the SSSV when re-opening it.
48
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Reopeni ng an OTIS DLS TRSSSV with pressure
trapped bel ow (example onl y!!)
1. Pressure up the tubing string until there is an indication that the valve is being
pumped-through. (If the well is plugged below the TR-SCSSV indication of pump-
through may not be noticeable, resulting in an even higher, pressure below the
valve).
2. Apply control line pressure to re-open the valve.
Cauti on:
Control line pressure must not exceed 4000 psi above tubing pressure and/or 2000 psi
above the working pressure of the valve. Care should also be exercised so as not to
exceed the Xmas tree rating.
3. The pressure rating of the control line may be the limiting factor during this re-
opening operation.
4. Due to the importance of recognising WHEN the valve is pumped off-seat, the use
of a small capacity pump and continuous recorder is considered mandatory. A
wireline run may be conducted to ensure the valve is open, care should be taken not
to run/jar into a closed valve.
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
SCSSV Control Li ne
1/4in OD continuous steel tubing is generally standard for control lines
available in carbon steel, stainless steel and copper-nickel based alloys
can be encapsulated in various jackets
can be supplied in dual form with/without a stress cable
mechanical strength of material needs to be appropriate for the conditions during
installation.
Prior to running the control line in a completion, it should be thoroughly
flushed with clean control fluid and pressure tested.
During running, a nominal pressure should be maintained on the control line
and it should be kept under tension
Control line should be securely clamped at each tubing connection to both
protect the line and retain it against the tubing.
Hydraulic tensioning machines are available to assist in runningthe control
line.
49
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
SCSSSV control lines
Control line or cable protectors that straddle the collar reduce the
number of protectors required and give protection to the control
line where they are most susceptible to damage.
'Swagelok' connections are commonly found to connect control
lines
Come completely assembled, finger-tight - ready for immediate use
Disassembly before use can result in dirt or foreign material entering the
fitting causing leaks.
As a check on correct installation it is recommended that a
Swagelok inspection gauge be used
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
General runni ng considerations
Ensure that elevators, slips, and power tubing tongs are in proper working
order, and correct dies are fitted.
Do not use pipe wrenches for manual make up of joints. Apply pipe thread
lubricant sparingly to pin thread, and sealing areas.
Ensure that the correct torque is applied, modifying the manufacturers'
recommended figure, if necessary, to suit the thread lubricant used.
Drift each joint of tubing to ensure that no gloves, rags or other foreign bodies
have found their way inside.
Record the serial number of each item as it is made-up in the string - this
includes the numbers marked on the tubing joints on receipt.
Confirm the operating envelopes of the equipped are appropriate for the
expected working parameters.
50
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Completion consi derati ons …(2)
Supervisors keeping tally should cross-check with each other from time to
time to ensure that the string is being made up according to the programme.
Run seal assemblies very slowly into/through packer bores.
Running a tubing string with a plug installed in a landing nipple situated close
to the bottom of the string should be avoided.
Problems with debris accumulation on top of plugs are very frequent when applying
this technique making retrieval difficult.
Pump out plugs can help to overcome this problem
Check hanging weight up and hanging weight down methodically and
accurately when required to do so.
After tagging the packer with its seal assembly, ensure that anypressure
build-up in the tubing can be bled-off when running the seal assembly through
the packer to avoid seal damage.
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Completion consi derati ons …(3)
If required to make reference marks when setting down/spacing
out, do so accurately, taking care not to damage any special
surface finish.
Check the completion fluid for correct composition and maintain the required
levels in the tubing and annulus.
When carrying out pressure tests, build-up pressure slowly, in stages to the
maximum figures, maintain pressure for the recommended time, andrecord
on a suitable pressure recorder.
Note that test pressures and times may be limited if the well is perforated
below the packer to be tested, since the test pressure may also act on the
formation.
After spacing out, drift the complete string, using suitable wireline drifts.
51
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Depth Control
Wireline set packer/tailpipe assemblies
Depth needs to be relative to casing / liner
Depth also needs to be relative to reservoir
Gamma Ray curve is principal correlation
tool
Some packer tools do not have GR
Useful to have correlation marker in
casing or liner string
Pup joint installed in casing string just above
reservoir
Mechanically set packers
Correlation by GR/CCL in critical wells
RA tag can also be used
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Space out of completion
Completions need to be landed with bottom in:
Tension
Compression
Free hanging
Tension achieved by use on an SRT/LDO ram type head
Compression achieved by setting down weight on the
packer prior to landing off the tubing hanger
Free hanging achieved by use of dynamic seal assembly
(PBR / ELTSR)
52
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Tubular Space Out
Packer or PBR either run with completion or pre-set
Depth variations make it impossible to get length of
tubulars right by use of a tubing tally
Convention is to “tag”the packer to determine exact
depth prior to installing the tubing hanger
String then pulled back and the length between hanger
and packer adjusted before installing the tubing hanger:
the space-out
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
ELTSR
Nipple
Anchor Latch
Permanent Packer
0.3m
Top of THS
Hang-off Point
# 234 (9.6m)
# 235 (9.1m)
# 236 (9.4m)
9.75m
2.4m
5.4m
1.7m
6.2m
# 233 (9.4m)
Tubing and Pups available:
2 x 0.95m
1 x 1.2m
2 x 1.5 m
2x 3 m
1 x 9.1m, 1x 8.6m,
1 x 9.6m 3 x 9.4m
Space Out Exerci se
Permanent packer has been run and set on
electric line
Completion string including anchor latch, nipple
and ELTSR has been run into the hole (ELTSR
pinned in the fully closed position)
Anchor latch stabbed into the top of the packer
and tested by applying some overpull (less than
the shear release force for the ELTSR).
With the latch holding, a mark is made on tubing
joint 236 which is sitting through the rotary table.
Completion program calls for the completion to be
landed off with 2m of the ELTSR inner mandrel
inside the outer sleeve
How should we space out the completion??
Tbg Hanger Sub-Assbly
53
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
2.0m
ELTSR in correct position
# 234 (9.6m)
# 235 (9.1m)
# 233 (9.4m)
# 233 (9.4m)
J t 233 back to DF
# 232 (9.3m)
String hung off &
spaced out correctly
2.0m
Landing
Joint
Top of joint 234 below HOP:
11.5 - (9.75 +0.3) =11.5 – 10.05 =1.45m.
String then released and pulled back to that
the ELTSR is in the correct position (2m
overlap):
Distance to be pulled back =6.2 – 2 =4.2m
Top of joint 234 =1.45 – 4.2 =-2.75m above
hang-off point
Top of joint 233 is therefore -2.75 +9.6 =
6.85m below hang off point.
Completion string now at the correct
position, top of joint 233 is where we require
it. Have to fill the distance (6.85m) with the
tubing hanger assembly and additional pup-
joints
Length required =6.85 – 1.7 =5.15m
Pup joints to be used:
1 x 3m
1 x 0.95m
1 x 1.2m
Total: 5.15m
Pup
Joints
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Space-Out Best Practise
Multiple Pup joints should not be installed immediately
below the hanger
Difficult to make up – no room for tongs and slips
Complicates installation of shallow-set plugs
Complicates fishing with a spear during workover
Once space-out has been determined:
Pull back 2 or 3 joints (surface wellheads)
Install pup joints
Install full tubing joint
Install Tubing Hanger sub-assembly
RIH and land off using landing joint
54
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Pressure Testing
Completion pressure tests vary between OUs.
Multiple tests while running / single test at end
Tubing test prior to setting packer, annulus test after setting packer
Tubing test without plug after setting packer to test packer from below
Good practise is to pressure test entire completion prior to:
stabbing into packer (permanent packer)
setting packer (hydraulic packer)
picking up tubing hanger assembly
Objective is to test string while it is still recoverable
Some OUs conduct intermediate pressure tests
Standing valves sometimes run in bottom nipple
Risk of junk obstructing the lock mandrel fishing neck
Well control issues if barefoot completion
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Pressure Testing Consi derati ons
Consider implications of a leak
How will it be observed
Will it apply high pressures to other equipment
Have a feel for how much fluid will be needed
(Wellplan)
Calculate the theoretical volume
Check system if you pump significantly more
Never try to fix a surface leak under pressure
55
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Prepari ng to i nstal l the X-mas Tree
Many methods of landing the tubing and leading control line(s)
from the wellhead - precautions to be taken include:
check all sealing or matting surfaces for damage before bringingthem
together;
check all sealing elements (metal ring gaskets, etc.) for damage and
ensure freedom of movement in grooves or recesses;
check that the tubing hanger nipple is central and vertical;
use flange protectors (seal pads) where recommended;
Generally requires removal of BOPs
Adequate lines of defence must be in place (barrier policy)
Generally a deepset plug, kill brine and tubing hanger plug
Tubing Hanger Plug
Traditional practice was a BPV or TWCV in the wellhead
ACME square threads prone to damage / corrosion / erosion
Increasingly replaced with plug c/w lock mandrel in nipple profile
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Tubi ng Hanger Back Pressure Val ve
tubing back pressure valve (BPV) fitted in the top of the tubing
hanger
Installed in left handed square thread or hanger nipple (landing
nipple profile)
Valve dressed with left hand thread or locking dogs
Valve installed either by screwing it into the hanger using an
extension rod or is set in the hanger using wireline toolstring
BPV allows circulation down the tubing but automatically closes
against well pressure.
56
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Tubi ng Hanger Val ves
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Two Way Check Val ve
Holds pressure from both
directions
Used for pressure testing the
X-mas Tree
Should not be used when
removing BOPs etc – cannot
be equalised or pumped
through
57
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
X-mas Tree Installati on
Following general points apply:
Adapter flange should be initially installed hand tight.
The Xmas tree should be lowered into position and the adapter flange rotated as
necessary to enable the Xmas tree to be orientated to correspond with the flowline
hook-up.
When the tree is aligned the bolts/clamps should be tightened.
Plastic injection and pressure testing should be carried out carefully and
methodically
Adhere to torque and test pressures stipulated in the programme or standard
procedures
Injection of the plastic is considerably eased if it is slightlywarmed using hot water,
but it must not be melted
When pressure tests are completed, injection screws should be backed out, ports
filled with plastic packing and screws and plugs refitted in theinjection ports
Following testing, the test pressure should be bled off from the test port, the test
apparatus removed and the check valves and plugs refitted.
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
X-Mas Tree Pressure Testi ng
Xmas tree body pressure tested against the two-way
check valve or plug in the tubing hanger.
Test carried out in two stages:
with flow and kill wing valves closed and choke open;
with valve downstream of choke and kill wing valve closed
and flow wing valve and choke open.
After successful test, two-way check valve/plug
recovered from the tubing hanger
58
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Well Handover
Asset holder needs to be assured that the end product meets
reliability/maintainability and technical integrity requirements to
meet planned well availability.
Handover procedures must suit specific operating environments
– must ensure:
well is in a safe condition to accept hydrocarbons
its operating envelope is properly specified
The handover must cover the following points:
Verification of well status
Condition of all valves and equipment on transfer;
Documentation of well parameters, operating envelopes, well status,
commissioning/pressure tests, annulus pressures (MAASP) and all other
pertinent well data (i.e. vendor literature, operating instructions, etc.)
C
o
p
y
rig
h
t 2
0
0
1
S
IE
P
B
.V
S Sh he el ll l EP L EP Le ea ar rn ni in ng g
Well Hand-over process
Handover may include a Well Handover Status Form
Consideration needs to be given to the involved parties,
i.e. activity executor, asset holder and other service
provides and appropriate areas of responsibility defined
and focal points identified.
It is recommended that the asset holder (new or
existing well) is responsible for:
correct and complete information about asset;
take initiative for handover process;
prepares and seeks relevant authority and forms.

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful