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The Concise Navi Dictionary v. 11.

468
Compiled by Taronyu (Richard Littauer)
www.LearnNavi.org
Last updated: December 2
nd
, 2010
This is a Navi Dictionary, without derivations to help searching. Thank Tuiq for allowing it
to be. Bold indicates Navi word. Italics indicate English denition. Plain text indicates gram-
matical categorisation: parentheses indicate further notes. I have included mid-dots in the IPA
to mark where inxes are to be placed, where tpre-rst1ar2on are the positions. Proper
nouns have been capitalised. Knowledge of lenition processes, including vowel reduction and
ellision, will be assumed. Note also that allomorphs, where specied, are subject only to per-
sonal preference.
Abbreviations:
= morpheme boundary
+ = leniting morpheme boundary
<> = inx morpheme
adj. = adjective
adp. = adposition
adv. = adverb
conj. = conjunction
c.w. = compound word
dem. = demonstrative
intj. = interjection
inter. = interrogative
n. = noun
num. = number
part. = particle
pn. = pronoun
prop. n. = proper noun
v. = verb
svin. = stative intransitive verb
vtr. = transitive verb
vin. = intransitive verb
Sources
I have sourced every word as best as I could. This sourcing is placed in a subscript after the IPA
transcription, and tells where I, or the source from which I received a word, initially got their
word from Frommer. In early March, Frommer sent us a list of words which he had: these are
the denitive source now, and not the ASG. Some words are not present in that list, but have
been conrmed by Frommer if they are here. Words that are modied by unproductive afxes
are included here if Frommer has used them: words that have a modied semantic meaning
due to a productive afx have also been included likewise. In order of canonicity, from most
to least:
PF = Paul Frommer
M = The Movie
JC = James Cameron
G = the Avatar Games
ASG = The Survival Guide
1
P
aaw: ["Pa.Paw]
PF
adj. a few, several (Used
with countable nouns in the singular form)
ampi: ["Pam.pi]
PF
v. touch
ango: ["Pa.No]
PF
adj. soft (of a sound)
aw: [Paw]
PF
num. one
awkx: [Pawk]
PF
n. cliff
awlie: [Paw."li.E]
PF
adv. once (in the past)
awlo: ["Paw.lo]
PF
adv. once
awm: [Pawm]
PF
n. camp
awpo: ["Paw.po]
PF
pn. one individual
awsiteng: [Paw.si."tEN]
PF
adv. together
awstengyem: [Paw.stEN."jEm]
PF
vtr. join two
things together (ii)
awve: ["Paw.vE]
PF
adj. rst (ordinal)
nsyem: [Pn."sjEm]
PF
adj. complete
rp: ["P.RIp^]
PF
vtr. move
eal: ["PE.Pal]
PF
adj. worst
efu: ["PE.fu]
PF
vtr. feel, sense, perceive
eko: ["PE.ko]
PF
v. attack
ekong: ["PE.koN]
PF
n. beat (rhythmic)
em: [PEm]
PF
vtr. cook
emyu: ["PEm.ju]
PF
n. cook, cooker
engeng: ["PEN.EN]
PF
adj. level
eoio: ["PE.o.i.o]
PF
adj. ceremonious
evan: ["PE.van]
PF
n. boy (colloquial)
eve: ["PE.vE]
PF
n. girl (colloquial)
eveng: ["PE.vEN]
PF
n. child
evengan: ["PE.vE.Nan]
PF
n. boy
evenge: ["PE.vE.NE]
PF
n. girl
evi: ["PE.vi]
PF
n. kid (affectionate form of
eveng child)
ewan: ["PE.wan]
PF
adj. young
ewll: ["PE.wl
"
]
PF
n. plant
eylan: ["PEj.lan]
PF
n. friend
eyng: [PEjN]
PF
v. answer, respond
eyt: [PEjt^]
PF
n. the symbol 8 (not the value
eight)
ia: ["PiP.a]
PF
vin. end, conclude
ia: ["Pi.a]
PF
vin. lose oneself (spiritual sense)
it: [Pit^]
PF
n. bit, a small amount
itan: ["Pi.tan]
JC,PF
n. son
ite: ["Pi.tE]
JC,PF
n. daughter
itetsyp: ["Pi.tE.
>
tsjIp^]
PF
n. little daughter (term
of endearment)
awn: [PI."Pawn]
PF
vin. remain, stay
heyu: [PI."hE.ju]
PF
n. spiral
n: [PIn]
PF
vin. be busy, be occupied
o: [PoP]
PF
adj. bringing fun, exciting
ok: [Pok^]
PF
n. remembrance
okrol: [Pok."Rol]
PF
n. history (ancient)
okvur: [Pok."vuR]
PF
n. history (non-ancient)
om: [Pom]
PF
adj. violet, purple, magenta
ompin: ["Pom.pin]
PF
n. violet, purple, magenta
ong: [PoN]
PF
v. unfold, blossom
ongokx: ["Po.Nok]
PF
vin. be born
opin: ["Po.pin]
PF
n. color, colour
ora: ["Po.Ra]
PF
n. lake
u: [Pu]
PF
n. thing (object, fact, abstraction)
uo: ["Pu.o]
PF
pn. something
upe: ["Pu.pE]
PF
inter. what (thing)
upxare: [Pu."pa.RE]
PF
n. message
A
a: [a]
PF
sbd. which, that
a: [a]
PF
afx adjectival attribution and
subordination marker
alaksi: [a."lak.si]
PF
adj. ready
alm: [a."lIm]
PF
adv. far away, at a distance
alo: ["a.lo]
PF
n. time, turn, instance, one of a
number of repeated or recurring actions
alu: ["a.lu]
PF
conj. that is, in other words (Used
for adpositions)
alunta: [a."lun.ta]
PF
conj. because, from the rea-
son
apxa: [a."pa]
PF
adj. large
asim: [a."sim]
PF
adv. nearby, at close range
atan: [a."tan]
JC
n. light
atanvi: [a."tan.vi]
PF
n. ray
atokirina: [a.to.ki."Ri.naP]
JC
n. seeds of the gre-
at tree
atxkxe: [at."kE]
PF
n. land
atxkxerel: [at."kE."REl]
PF
n. map
au: ["a.u]
JC
n. drum (made of skin)
au: [a."u]
LA
intj. exclamation of consternation
aungia: [a."u.Ni.a]
PF
n. sign, omen
awnga: [aw."Na]
PF
pn. we
ayfo: [aj."fo] or ["aj.fo]
PF
pn. they
aylaru: [aj."la.Ru]
PF
pn. to the others (contrac-
tion of ay+laheru)
2
aynga: [aj."Na]
PF
pn. you all, you (pl.)
ayoe: [aj."o.E]
PF
pn. we, us (exclusive)
ayoeng: [aj."wEN]
PF
pn. we, us (inclusive)
(ayoenga base for sufxes)
ayu: [a."ju]
PF
n. things (never plural u)

ie: [."i.E]
PF
n. vision (spiritual)
o: [".o]
PF
adp. below
txle: [."t.lE]
PF
n. request
txle si: [."t.lE si]
PF
vin. request (with tsn
clause for object)
E
eampin: ["E.am.pin]
PF
n. blue, green
ean: ["E.an]
PF
adj. blue, green
ekxan: [E."kan]
PF
n. barricade, obstruction
eltu: ["El.tu]
PF
n. brain
eltu lefngap: ["El.tu lE."fNap^]
Prr
n. computer
eltur ttxen si: ["El.tuR tI."tEn si]
PF
vin. be in-
teresting, intriguing
eltu si: ["El.tu si]
PF
vin. pay attention, quit goo-
ng off
emzau: [Em."za.Pu]
PF
v. pass (a test), over-
come
eo: ["E.o]
PF
adp. before, in front of (place)
etrp: ["Et.RIp^]
PF
adj. favourable, favorable,
auspicious
eyawr: [Ej."awR]
PF
adj. correct, right
eyk: [Ejk^]
JC,PF
v. lead
eyktan: ["Ejk.tan]
JC
n. leader
F
fa: [fa]
PF
adp. with, by means of
fahew: [fa."hEw]
PF
n. smell
fay+: [faj]
f
prex these
fpa: ["f.pa]
PF
n. top
fewi: ["fE.wi]
PF
vtr. chase
f: [fI]
PF
prex this
fu: [fI."Pu]
PF
pn. this (thing)
ffya: [fI."fja]
PF
adv. this way, like this
fkem: [fI."kEm]
PF
pn. this (action)
fpo: ["fI.po]
PF
pn. this one (person or thing)
ftrr: [fI."tr
"
]
PF
adv. today
ftseng(e): [fI."
>
tsEN(E)]
PF
adv. here, this place
ftxan: [fI."tan]
PF
adv. so, to such an extent
ftxon: [fI."ton]
PF
adv. tonight
fkarut: ["fka.Rut^]
PF
v. peel
fkay: [fkaj]
PF
adj. hateful
fkew: [fkEw]
PF
adj. mighty
fkip: [fkip^]
PF
adp. up among
fko: [fko]
PF
pn. one, they (singular usage) (un-
specied agent)
fkxake: ["fka.kE]
PF
v. itch
fkxen: [fkEn]
PF
n. vegetable (food)
: [fl]
PF
vin. succeed
ew: [flEw]
PF
n. throat
fmal: [fmal]
PF
vtr. sustain
fmawn: [fmawn]
PF
n. news, something to report
fmetok: ["fmE.tok^]
PF
v. test
fmi: [fmi]
PF
vtr. try, attempt (with the subjun-
ctive)
fnan: [fnan]
PF
vtr. be good at
fnawe: [fna."wEP]
PF
adj. cowardly
fnawetu: [fna."wEP.tu]
PF
n. coward
fne: [fnE]
fnel
prex kind, type
fnel: [fnEl]
PF
n. kind, type
fnepe: ["fnE.pE]
PF
inter. which kind
fngap: [fNap^]
PF
n. metal
fnu: [fnu]
PF
v. quiet, be quiet
fo: [fo]
PF
pn. they
fpak: [fpak^]
PF
v. hold off, suspend action
fpe: [fpEP^]
PF
vtr. send
fpeio: [fpE."i.o]
PF
n. challenge (ceremonial)
fpi+: [fpi]
PF
adp. for the sake of, for the benet
of
fpl: [fpIl]
PF
vtr. think
fplfya: ["fpIl.fja]
PF
n. thought pattern, way of
thinking
fpom: [fpom]
PF
n. well-being, peace, happiness
fpomtokx: [fpom."tok]
PF
n. health (physical)
fpxkm: ["fp.kIm]
PF
v. enter
frau: ["fRa.Pu]
PF
pn. everything
3
frakrr: ["fRa.kr
"
]
PF
adv. always, all the time
fralo: ["fRa.lo]
PF
n. every time, every instance,
each time
frapo: ["fRa.po]
PF
pn. everyone
frato: ["fRa.to]
PF
part. superlative marker than
all (behaves like an adp.)
fratrr: [fRa."tr
"
]
PF
adv. daily, every day
fratseng: ["fRa.
>
tsEN]
PF
adv. everywhere
fratxon: [fRa."ton]
PF
adv. every night
frawzo: [fRaw."zo]
PF
intj. all is well, everything
is ne or OK
frp: [fRIp^]
PF
vtr. bite
frrfen: ["fr
"
.fEn]
PF
vtr. visit
frrtu: ["fr
"
.tu]
PF
n. guest, visitor
ftang: [ftaN]
PF
v. stop
ftawnemkrr: [ftaw."nEm.kr
"
]
PF
n. past
ftr: [ftR]
PF
adj. left (not right)
fte: [ftE]
PF
conj. so that, in order to (with
subjunctive verb in dependant clause)
fteke: ["ftE.kE]
PF
conj. so that not, lest (with
subjunctive verb in dependant clause)
ftem: [ftEm]
PF
vtr. pass by (something)
ftia: [fti."a]
PF
vtr. study
ftu: [ftu]
PF
adp. from (direction)
ftue: ["ftu.E]
PF
adj. easy, simple
ftxavang: ["fta.vaN]
PF
adj. passionate
ftxey: [ftEj]
PF
vtr. choose
ftxey: [ftEj]
PF
conj. whether, or
ftx: [ftI]
PF
n. tongue
ftxlor: [ftI."loR]
PF
adj. delicious, good tasting
ftxv: [ftI."vP]
PF
adj. bad tasting
ftxoz: [fto."z]
PF
n. celebration, happy occa-
sion
fu: [fu]
PF
conj. or
fuke: [fu."kE]
PF
conj. or not
fula: ["fu.la]
PF
pn., sbd. that
furia: ["fu.Ri.a]
PF
pn., sbd. that
futa: ["fu.ta]
PF
pn., sbd. that
fwa: [fwa]
PF
pn., sbd. that (subordinate clause
marker)
fwel: [fwEl]
PF
adj. broken
fwew: [fwEw]
PF
vtr. look for, seek, search
fyao: ["fja.Po]
PF
n. path, way, manner
fyape: ["fja.pE]
PF
inter. how
fyawntxu: [fja.wIn."tu]
PF
vin. guide (with
dative of thing guided)
fyeyn: [fjEjn]
PF
adj. ripe, mature, adult
fyeyntu: ["fjEjn.tu]
PF
n. adult person
H
ha: [ha]
PF
adv. so, in that case
hangir: [haP."NiR]
PF
n. afternoon
hahaw: ["ha.haw]
PF
vin. sleep
ham: [ham]
PF
adj. previous
hamalo: [ha."ma.lo]
PF
adv. last time
hangham: ["haN.ham]
PF
vin. laugh
hapx: [ha."pI]
PF
n. part
hapxtu: [ha."pI.tu]
PF
n. member
hasey: [ha."sEj]
PF
adj. done, nished
hawl: [hawl]
PF
v. prepare
hawng: [hawN]
PF
n. overabundance
hawngkrr: ["hawN.kr
"
]
PF
adv. late
hawnu: ["haw.nu]
PF
vtr. protect, shelter
hay: [haj]
PF
adj. next
hayalo: [ha."ja.lo]
PF
adv. next time
hek: [hEk^]
PF
vin. be curious, odd, strange, un-
expected
hewne: ["hEw.nE]
PF
adj. soft (of an object)
heyn: [hEjn]
PF
vin. sit
hiyk: ["hi.jIk^]
PF
adj. funny, strange
hang: ["hI.PaN]
PF
n. insect
hi: ["hI.Pi]
PF
adj. small, little (in size)
hkrr: ["hI.kr
"
]
PF
n. second, very short time
hm: [hIm]
PF
adj. small (in quantity)
hmtxampe: [hIm."tam.pE]
PF
inter. how much
hmtxan: [hIm."tan]
PF
n. amount
hno: [hI."no]
PF
adj. ne, detailed, precise, intri-
cate (of things)
htxoa: [hI."to.a]
PF
intj. excuse me
hol: [hol]
PF
adj. few
holpxay: [hol."paj]
PF
n. number
holpxaype: [hol."paj.pE]
PF
inter. how many
hrrap: ["hr
"
.ap^]
PF
n. danger
hu: [hu]
PF
adp. with (accompaniment)
hufwa: [hu."fwa]
PF
conj. although
hufwe: [hu."fwE]
PF
n. wind
hultstxem: [hul."
>
tstEm]
PF
vtr. hinder
hum: [hum]
PF
v. leave, depart
4
I
ien: ["iP.En]
JC
n. stringed instrument
io: ["i.o]
PF
adp. above
ioang: [i."o.aN]
PF
n. animal, beast
irayo: [i."Raj.o]
JC
n., intj. thank you, thanks
irayo si: [i."Raj.o si]
PF
vin. thank, give thanks

l+: ["I.l] or [I."l]


PF
adp. by, via, following
ley: [I."lEj]
LA
intj. war cry
pxa: [I."pa]
RL,PF
n. fern
K
ka: [ka]
PF
adp. across
kakrel: [kak."REl]
PF
adj. blind
kalin: [ka."lin]
PF
adj. sweet
kaltx: [kal."tI]
PF
intj. hello
kaltx si: [kal."tI si]
PF
v. say hello, greet
kame: ["ka.mE]
PF
vtr. see, see into, understand,
know (spiritual sense)
kan: [kan]
PF
v. aim (can take subjunctive modal
construction)
kann: [kan.PIn]
PF
vtr. focus on, specialize in,
be particularly interested in
kangay: [ka."Naj]
PF
adj. valid (cognate with
ngay true)
kanu: ["ka.nu]
PF
adj. smart, intelligent (for a
person)
kar: [kaR]
PF
v. teach
karyu: ["kaR.ju]
PF
n. teacher
kato: ["ka.to]
PF
n. rhythm
kavuk: [ka."vuk^]
PF
n. treachery
kavuk si: [ka."vuk^ si]
PF
vin. betray
kawit: [kaw."Pit^]
PF
adv. at all, not at all (see
ke...kawit not...at all)
kawkrr: ["kaw.kr
"
]
PF
adv. never
kawng: [kawN]
PF
adj. bad, evil
kawtu: ["kaw.tu]
PF
pn. no-one
kaym: [kajm]
PF
n. evening (before twilight), late
afternoon
k: [k]
PF
vin. go
krp: [k."P.RIp^]
PF
vtr. push
kmakto: [k."mak.to]
PF
v. ride out
kpx: [k."pI]
PF
n. rear (part or section)
ksatseng: [k."sa.
>
tsEN]
PF
adv. out there
kteng: ["k.tEN]
PF
vin. spend time with, hang
out with
ke: [kE]
PF
adv. not
keaw: [kE."Paw]
PF
adj. divided, torn apart,
strife-ridden
keu: ["kE.Pu]
PF
pn., adv. nothing, nothing at
all, not at all
kea: ["kE.a]
PF
adj. no (before a noun)
keftxo: [kE."fto]
PF
adj., intj. unhappy, upset,
How sad!
kefyak: [kE."fjak^]
PF,Prr
part. isnt it?, right?
kehe: ["kE.hE]
PF
adv. no
kelfpomtokx: [kEl."fpom.tok]
PF
adj. unhealt-
hy
kelku: ["kEl.ku]
PF
n. home, house
kelku si: ["kEl.ku si]
PF
vin. live, dwell
keltsun: [kEl."
>
tsun]
PF
adj. impossible
kem: [kEm]
PF
n. thing (action), deed
kemlu: ["kEm.lI.Pu]
PF
n. verb
kemluvi: ["kEm.lI.Pu.vi]
PF
n. inx
kempe: ["kEm.pE]
PF
inter. what (action) (c.w.
from kem action, deed)
kem si: [kEm si]
PF
vin. do
keng: [kEN]
PF
adv. even, so much as
kenong: ["kE.noN] or ["kE.noN]
PF
v. model, re-
present, exemplify (ii)
kerusey: ["kE.Ru.sEj]
PF
adj. dead
keteng: ["kE.tEN]
PF
adj. different
ketuwong: ["kE.tu.woN]
PF
n. alien
kew: [kEw]
PF
num. zero
kewong: ["kE.woN]
PF
adj. alien
key: [kEj]
PF
n. face
keyawr: [kE."jawR]
PF
adj. incorrect, not right
keyeung: [kE."jE.PuN]
PF
n. insanity
ki: [ki]
PF
conj. but rather, but instead
kifkey: [ki."fkEj]
PF
n. world (physical, solid)
kilvan: [kil."van]
PF
n. river
kin: [kin]
PF
vtr. need
kinam: [ki."nam]
PF
n. leg
kinamtil: [ki."nam.til]
PF
n. knee
kin: ["ki.n]
PF
num. seven
kip: [kip^]
PF
adp. among
5
kive: ["ki.vE]
PF
adj. seventh (ordinal)
kong: [kI."PoN]
PF
adj. slow
km: [kIm]
PF
v. spin
kng: [kIN]
PF
n. thread
ktee: [kI.tE."PE]
PF
n. service
ktee si: [kI.tE."PE si]
PF
v. serve
kllfro: [kl
"
."fRoP]
PF
v. be responsible
kllk: [kl
"
."k] v. descend
kllkulat: [kl
"
."ku.lat^]
PF
v. dig up
kllkxem: [kl
"
."kEm]
PF
v. stand
kllpa: ["kl
"
.pa]
PF
n. bottom
kllpxltu: [kl
"
."pIl.tu]
PF
n. territory
kllte: ["kl
"
.tE]
PF
n. ground
klltseng: ["kl
"
.
>
tsEN]
PF
n. position
kllvawm: ["kl
"
.vawm]
PF
adj. brown
ko: [ko]
PF
part. solicit agreement
koak: ["ko.ak^]
PF
adj. old, aged (for living
things)
kop: [kop^]
PF
adv. too, also
koren: [ko."REn]
PF
n. rule, guideline
krr: [kr
"
]
PF
n. time
krrnekx: [kr
"
."nEk]
PF
v. take/consume time (ii)
krrpe: ["kr
"
.pE]
PF
inter. when (c.w. from krr ti-
me)
kuup: ["ku.Pup^]
PF
adj. heavy (physical weight)
kurakx: [ku."Rak]
PF
v. drive out
Kx
kxa: [ka]
PF
n. mouth
kxam: [kam]
PF
n. middle, midpoint
kxaml: ["kam.l]
PF
adp. through (via the
middle of)
kxamtrr: ["kam.tr
"
]
PF
n. mid-day, noon
kxamtrrmaw: ["kam.tr
"
.maw]
PF
n. the time im-
mediately after noon, early afternoon
kxamtseng: ["kam.
>
tsEN]
PF
n. center, place in
the middle
kxamtxomaw: ["kam.to.maw]
PF
n. after mid-
night
kxamtxon: ["kam.ton]
PF
n. midnight
kxangangang: ["kaN.aN.aN]
PF
intj. boom (ono-
matopoeic)
kxan: ["ka.nI]
PF
adj. forbidden
kxawm: [kawm]
PF
adv. perhaps, maybe
kxayl: [kajl]
PF
adj. high
kxener: ["kE.nER]
PF
n. smoke
kxetse: ["kE.
>
tsE]
PF
n. tail
kxeyey: ["kE.jEj]
PF
n. error, mistake
kxitx: [kit]
PF
n. death
kxll: [kl
"
]
PF
n. charge, running attack
kxll si: [kl
"
si]
PF
vin. charge
kxu: [ku]
PF
n. harm
kxuke: ["ku.kE]
PF
adj. safe
kxutu: ["ku.tu]
PF
n. enemy
L
lahe: ["la.hE]
PF
adj. other, else
lam: [lam]
PF
vin. seem, appear
lapo: ["la.po]
PF
pn. other one (person or thing)
laro: ["la.Ro]
PF
adj. clean
latem: ["la.tEm]
PF
vin. change (leykatem
vtr. change)
latsi: [la."
>
tsi]
LA
v. keep up with someone
law: [law]
PF
adj. clear, certain
lawk: [lawk^]
PF
vtr. discourse on, talk about,
say something concerning
law si: [law si]
PF
vin. make clear
layompin: [la."jom.pin]
PF
n. black
layon: [la."jon]
PF
adj. black
le: [lE] adjective PF
lefkrr: [lE.f"kr
"
]
PF
adj. current
lefngap: [lE."fNap^]
PF
adj. metallic
lefpom: [lE."fpom]
PF
adj. happy, peaceful, joy-
ous (not for people), pleasant
lefpomtokx: [lE."fpom.tok]
PF
adj. healthy
lehawng: [lE."hawN]
PF
adj. excessive
lehawngkrr: [lE."hawN.kr
"
]
PF
adj. late
lehrrap: [lE."hr
"
.ap^]
PF
adj. dangerous
lek: [lEk^]
PF
v. heed, obey
lekin: [lE."kin]
PF
adj. necessary
lekoren: [lE.ko."REn]
PF
adj. lawlike
lekyeung: [lEk."jE.PuN]
PF
adj. insane, crazy
lemweypey: [lEm."wEj.pEj]
PF
adj. patient
len: [lEn]
PF
vin. happen, occur
leNavi: [lE."naP.vi]
PF
adj. having to do with the
Navi, the People
leno: [lE."no]
PF
adj. thorough, detail-orientated
(of a person)
6
lenomum: [lE."no.mum]
PF
adj. curious
lerk: [lE."RIk^]
PF
adj. leafy
lertu: ["lER.tu]
PF
n. colleague
lesar: [lE."saR]
PF
adj. useful
letam: [lE."tam]
PF
adj. sufcient
letokx: [lE."tok]
PF
adj. bodily, physical
letrr: [lE."tr
"
]
RL
adj. daily
letrrtrr: [lE."tr
"
.tr
"
]
PF
adj. ordinary
letsranten: [lE."
>
tsRan.tEn]
PF
adj. important
letsunslu: [lE."
>
tsun.slu]
PF
adj. possible
lew: [lEw]
PF
n. cover, lid
lew si: [lEw si]
PF
vin. cover
leyekrr: [lE."jEP.kr
"
]
PF
adj. early
leyn: [lEjn]
PF
vtr. repeat, do again
lfya: ["lIP.fja]
PF
n. language
lfyaolo: ["lIP.fja.o."loP]
PF
n. language group,
language users
lfyavi: ["lIP.fja.vi]
PF
n. expression, bit of lan-
guage
lu: ["lI.Pu]
PF
n. word
lupam: ["lI.Pu.pam]
PF
n. accent, pronuncia-
tion
lupe: [lI."Pu.pE]
PF
inter. what (word, utteran-
ce)
lm: [lIm]
PF
svin. far, be far
lng: [lIN]
PF
vin. oat in the air, hover
lok: [lok^]
PF
v. approach
lok: [lok^]
PF
adp. close to
lonu: [lo."nu]
PF
vtr. release, let go
lor: [loR]
PF
adj. beautiful, pleasant to the senses
(for things or parts of a person)
lrrtok: ["lr
"
.tok^]
PF
n. smile
lrrtok si: ["lr
"
.tok^ si]
PF
vin. smile
lu: [lu]
PF
vin., svin. be, am, is, are (predica-
tive copula, existential verb) (signies pos-
session with dative of possessor)
luke: ["lu.kE]
PF
adp. without
lumpe: ["lum.pE]
PF
inter. why
lun: [lun]
PF
n. reason
M
ma: [ma]
PF
part. O (vocative marker)
makto: ["mak.to]
PF
v. ride
maw: [maw]
PF
adp. after (time)
mawey: [ma."wEj]
CM
adj. calm
maweypey: [ma."wEj.pEj]
PF
svin. be patient
(ii)
mawkrr: ["maw.kr
"
]
PF
adv. after, afterwards
mkxu: [m."ku]
PF
vtr. interrupt, throw out
of harmonious balance
meem: [mE."PEm]
PF
adj. harmonious
mefo: ["mE.fo]
PF
pn. they, those two
mekre: ["mEk.RE]
PF
n. supplies
melo: ["mE.lo]
PF
adv. twice
menari: [mE."na.Ri]
PF
n. eyes (two)
meoauniaea: [mE.o.a.u.ni.a."E.a]
PF
n. harmo-
ny, living at one with nature
meuia: [mE."u.i.a]
PF
n. honor (honour)
meyp: [mEjp^]
PF
adj. weak
mi: [mi]
PF
adv. yet, still, as before
mikyun: ["mik.jun]
JC
n. ear
mip: [mip^]
PF
adj. new
m+: [mI]
PF
adp. in, on
mfa: ["mI.fa] or [mI."fa]
PF
n., adv. inside
mkam: [mI."kam]
PF
adp. between
mn: [mIn]
PF
v. turn
mnyu: ["mIn.ju]
PF
n. turner
mso: [mI."so]
PF
adv. away (position)
mllte: [ml
"
."tE]
PF
v. agree
moe: ["mo.E]
PF
pn. we two, us two (exclusive)
mok: [mok^]
PF
vtr. suggest
mokri: ["mok.Ri]
PF
n. voice
mowan: [mo."wan]
PF
adj. pleasing, enjoyable
(physically, sexually)
mrr: [mr
"
]
PF
num. ve
mrrve: ["mr
"
.vE]
PF
adj. fth (ordinal)
mui: [mu."i.]
PF
adj. proper, fair, right, justi-
ed
muni: [mun."Pi]
PF
v. cut
mune: ["mu.nE]
PF
num. two
munge: ["mu.NE]
PF
vtr. take, bring
mungwrr: [muN."wr
"
]
PF
adp. except
muntxa: [mun."ta]
PF
adj. mated, married
muntxa si: [mun."ta si]
PF
vin. mate (with so-
meone), marry
muntxatan: [mun."ta.tan]
PF
n. husband, male
spouse
muntxate: [mun."ta.tE]
PF
n. wife, female
spouse
muntxatu: [mun."ta.tu]
PF
n. spouse
muve: ["mu.vE]
PF
adj. second (ordinal)
muwntxu: [mu.wIn."tu]
PF
vtr. introduce,
present
7
N
na: [na]
PF
adp. like, as
narng: ["naP.RIN]
PF
n. forest
naer: [na."ER]
PF
n. drink, something able to be
drunk
nafu: [na.fI."Pu]
PF
adj. such
nang: [naN]
PF
part. surprise, exclamation, en-
couragement (mirative)
nari: ["na.Ri]
PF
n. eye
nari si: ["na.Ri si]
PF
vin. watch out, be careful
natkenong: [nat."kE.noN]
PF
conj. for example,
as an example
nawm: [nawm]
PF
adj. great, noble
nawmtu: ["nawm.tu]
PF
n. great person
nayn: [najn]
PF
n. the symbol 9 (not the value
nine)
nk: [nk^]
PF
vtr. drink
ne: [nE]
PF
adp. to, towards (direction)
nem: [nE."PIm]
PF
adv. back (direction)
nef: [nE."f]
PF
adv. up (direction)
nekll: [nE."kl
"
]
PF
adv. down (direction)
ne kllte: [nE "kl
"
.tE]
PF
intj. get down
nekx: [nEk]
PF
vtr. burn, consume
nemfa: ["nEm.fa]
PF
adp. into, inside
neto: [nE."to]
PF
adv. away (direction)
netrp: ["nEt.RIp^]
PF
adv. luckily, happily
new: [nEw]
PF
vtr. want (with subjunctive verb)
newomum: [nEw."o.mum]
PF
vin. be curious,
want to know
neympin: ["nEjm.pin]
PF
n. light color
neyn: [nEjn]
PF
adj. light colors, shades of white
ni: [ni."]
PF
vtr. grab
nikre: ["nik.RE]
PF
n. hair
nitram: [nit."Ram]
PF
adj. happy (of people)
n: [nI] adverbial PF
naw: [nI."Paw]
PF
adv. only
nawtu: [nI."Paw.tu]
PF
adv. alone (as one per-
son)
nawve: [nI."Paw.vE]
PF
adv. rst
neng: [nI."PEN]
PF
adv. equally, on the same le-
vel
neoio: [nI."PE.o.i.o]
PF
adv. ceremoniously
neveng: [nI."PE.vEN]
PF
adv. like a child, imma-
turely
neyng: [nI."PEjN]
PF
adv. back, in response, in
answer
nia: [nI."PiP.a]
PF
adv. nally, at long last
nit: [nI."Pit^]
PF
adv. a bit, a small amount (ab-
stract)
no: [nI."PoP]
PF
adv. in a manner which is en-
joyable, enjoyably
nul: [nI."Pul]
PF
adv. more
nawnomum: [nI.aw."no.mum]
PF
adv. as you
know, as is known
nayoeng: [naj."wEN]
PF
adv. like us, as we do
nfkrr: [nI."fkr
"
]
PF
adv. lately, currently
nftue: [nI."ftu.E]
PF
adv. easily
nftxan: [nI."ftan]
PF
adv. so, to such an extent
nftxavang: [nI."fta.vaN]
PF
adv. passionately,
with all heart
nfyao: [nI."fja.Po]
PF
adv. in a manner
nfyeyntu: [nI."fjEjn.tu]
PF
adv. like an adult,
maturely
nhawng: [nI."hawN]
PF
adv. too, excessively
nhay: [nI."haj]
Prr
adv. next
nhek: [nI."hEk^]
PF
adv. strangely, oddly (sen-
tence, not manner, adverbial)
nkong: [nIk."PoN]
PF
adv. slowly
nkanu: [nI."ka.nu]
PF
adv. intelligently, in a
smart way
nkeftxo: [nI.kE."fto]
PF
adv. unfortunately,
sadly
nlaw: [nI."law]
PF
adv. clearly
nlkeftang: [nIl.kE."ftaN]
PF
adv. continuously,
incessantly, without stopping
nltsan: [nIl."
>
tsan]
PF
adv. well
nmun: [nI."mun]
PF
adv. again
nmwey: [nIm."wEj]
PF
adv. calmly, peacefully
nmweypey: [nIm."wEj.pEj]
PF
adv. patiently
nn: [nIn]
PF
vtr. look at
nNavi: [nI."naP.vi]
PF
adv. like the Navi,
Navi-ly
nnk: [nI."nk^]
PF
adv. by drinking, in a liquid
way
nngay: [nI."Naj]
PF
adv. truly
nno: [nI."no]
PF
adv. in detail, expansively, tho-
roughly
nprrte: [nI."pr
"
.tEP]
PF
adv. pleasurably, wel-
come (assumed zolau), gladly, with pleasure
npxi: [nI."pi]
PF
adv. especially, pointedly, un-
ambiguously
npxim: [nI."pim]
PF
adv. erectly, rightly
nrangal: [nI."Ra.Nal]
PF
adv. wish (contrary to
fact, with perfect or imperfective subjunctive)
8
nsti: [nI."sti]
PF
adv. angrily
nsung: [nI."suN]
PF
adv. besides, additionally,
furthermore
nswey: [nI."swEj]
PF
adv. optimally, best
nsyayvi: [nI."sjaj.vi]
PF
adv. by chance or coin-
cidence
nsyen: [nI."sjEn]
PF
adv. lastly
ntam: [nI."tam]
PF
adv. enough (after an adjecti-
ve)
nteng: [nI."tEN]
PF
adv. too, also, as well, likewi-
se
ntengfya: [nI."tEN.fja]
PF
adv. as, same way as
(similar action)
ntrrtrr: [nI."tr
"
.tr
"
]
PF
adv. on a daily basis, regu-
larly
ntut: [nI."tut^]
PF
adv. continually
ntxan: [nI."tan]
PF
adv. much (abstract), very
nw: [nI."w]
PF
adv. on the contrary, conver-
sely
nwin: [nI."win]
PF
adv. fast
nwotx: [nI."wot]
PF
adv. all (of), in toto, com-
pletely
nzawnong: [nI."zaw.noN]
PF
adv. safely
nokx: [nok]
PF
vtr. give birth to
nong: [noN]
PF
v. follow, proceed after
nulkrr: [nul."kr
"
]
PF
adv. longer (time)
nulnew: [nul."nEw]
PF
v. prefer (ii)
nume: ["nu.mE]
PF
v. learn
numeyu: ["nu.mE.ju]
PF
n. student
numtseng: ["num.
>
tsEN]
PF
n. school
numtsengvi: ["num.
>
tsEN.vi]
PF
n. classroom, di-
vision of a school
Ng
nga: [Na]
PF
pn. you
ngatsyp: ["Na.
>
tsjIp^]
PF
pn. little you, you little
ngawng: [NawN]
PF
n. worm
ngay: [Naj]
PF
adj. true
ngaytxoa: [Naj."to.a]
PF
intj. sorry, my apologies
(acknowledgment of guilt and regret)
ngng: [NN]
PF
n. stomach
ngzk: ["N.zIk^]
PF
adj. difcult, hard
ngenga: [NE."Na]
PF
pn. you (honoric (honouri-
c) form)
ngeyn: [NEjn]
PF
adj. tired
ngian: [Ni."an]
PF,SW
adv. however
ngim: [Nim]
PF
adj. long (physical length)
ngop: [Nop^]
PF
v. create
ngopyu: ["Nop.ju]
PF
n. creator
ngrr: [Nr
"
]
PF
n. root
ngrrpongu: [Nr
"
.po.Nu]
PF
n. grassroots moveme-
net
ngul: [Nul]
PF
adj. grey, drab
ngulpin: ["Nul.pin]
PF
n. grey
nguway: ["Nu.waj]
PF
n. howl, viperwolf cry
O
oe: ["o.E]
PF
pn. I, me
oeng: ["wEN]
PF
pn. we two, us two (dual inclu-
sive), you and I
oetsyp: ["wE.
>
tsjIp^]
PF
pn. little me, little I
oeyk: [o."Ejk^]
PF
n. cause
oeyktng: [o."Ejk.tIN]
PF
v. explain (why) (ii)
ohakx: [o."hak]
PF
adj. hungry
ohe: ["o.hE]
PF
pn. I (deferential or ceremonial
form)
osss: [o.I"s:]
LA
intj. angry snarl, watch it!
olo: [o."loP]
PF
n. clan
oloeyktan: [o.lo."PEjk.tan]
JC
n. clan leader
omum: [o."mum]
PF
vtr. know (stress moves to
rst syllable with inxation)
ontu: ["on.tu]
JC
n. nose
P
pao: ["pa.Po]
PF
n. side
pak: [pak^]
PF
part. disparagement
pam: [pam]
PF
n. sound
pamrel: [pam."REl]
PF
n. writing
pamrelfya: [pam."REl.fja]
PF
n. spelling
pamrel si: [pam."REl si]
PF
vin. write
pamtseo: ["pam.
>
tsE.o]
PF
n. music
pamtseotu: ["pam.
>
tsE.o.tu]
PF
n. musician
pate: ["pa.tE]
ZS
v. get to a place, arrive
pawm: [pawm]
PF
v. ask
pay: [paj]
PF
n. water, liquid
payfya: ["paj.fja]
PF
n. stream
9
payoang: [paj."o.aN]
PF
n. sh
phem: ["p.hEm]
PF
vin. arrive
pngkxo: [pN."ko]
PF
vin. chat, converse, ha-
ve a conversation
pngkxoyu: [pN."ko.ju]
PF
n. chatter, conver-
ser
pngkxoyu lekoren: [pN."ko.ju lE.ko."REn]
PF
n. lawyer
pnu: ["p.nu]
PF
n. promise
pnutng: ["p.nu.tIN]
PF
vtr. promise (a thing
to someone) (ii)
pts: ["p.
>
tsI]
PF
n. badge
pe+: [pE]
PF
afx inter. marker
peun: ["pE.Pun]
PF
vtr. decide
pefnel: [pE."fnEl]
PF
inter. which kind
pefya: [pE."fja]
PF
inter. how
pehem: [pE."hEm]
PF
inter. what (action) (c.w.
from kem action, deed)
pehrr: [pE."hr
"
]
PF
inter. when (c.w. from krr ti-
me)
pelu: [pE."lI.Pu]
PF
inter. what (word, utteran-
ce)
pelun: [pE."lun]
PF
inter. why
peng: [pEN]
PF
vtr. tell
peseng: [pE."sEN]
PF
inter. where
pesu: [pE."su]
PF
inter. who
peu: [pE."u]
PF
inter. what (thing)
pewn: [pEwn]
PF
n. neck
pey: [pEj]
PF
v. wait, wait for
piak: [pi."ak^]
PF
adj. open
piak si: [pi."ak^ si]
PF
vin. open
pil: [pil]
PF
n. facial stripe
pizayu: ["pi.za.ju]
PF
n. ancestor
pmtxan: [pIm."tan]
PF
inter. how much
pwopx: [pI."wop]
PF
n. cloud
plltxe: [pl
"
."tE]
PF
v. speak
po: [po]
PF
pn. he, she
poan: [po."an]
PF
pn. he (no plural form: use
(ay)fo)
poe: [po."E]
PF
pn. she (no plural form: use
(ay)fo)
polpxay: [pol."paj]
PF
inter. how many
pom: [pom]
PF
v. kiss
pongu: ["po.Nu]
PF
n. group of people, party
prrkxentrrkrr: [pr
"
.kEn.tr
"
.kr
"
]
Skxawng
n. day ti-
me smoking pleasure, vibrating tongue (Navi
idiom) (c.w. from prrte pleasurable, kxener
smoke, trr day and krr time)
prrnen: ["pr
"
.nEn]
PF
n. infant, baby
prrnesyul: ["pr
"
.nE.sjul]
PF
n. bud
prrte: ["pr
"
.tEP]
PF
adj. pleasurable (of an activi-
ty)
prrwll: ["pr
"
.wl
"
]
Prr
n. moss
pukap: ["pu.kap^]
PF
num. six
pum: [pum]
PF
pn. possession, thing possessed
(dummy pronoun for modied nouns or
pronouns)
puve: ["pu.vE]
PF
adj. sixth (ordinal)
Px
pxan: [pan]
PF
adj. worthy
pxask: ["pa.sIk^]
PF
intj. screw that!, no way!
(vulgar)
pxasul: ["pa.sul]
PF
adj. fresh, appealing as food
pxaw: [paw]
PF
adp. around
pxawpa: ["paw.pa]
PF
n. perimeter, circumfe-
rence, border
pxay: [paj]
PF
adj. many (used with singular
or plural noun forms)
pxel: [pEl]
PF
adp. like, as
pxelo: ["pE.lo]
PF
adv. thrice, three times
pxey: [pEj]
PF
num. three
pxeyve: ["pEj.vE]
PF
adj. third (ordinal)
pxi: [pi]
PF
adj. sharp
pxim: [pim]
PF
adj. erect, upright
pximaw: [pi."maw]
PF
adp. right after
pxiset: [pi."sEt^]
PF
adv. right now
pxisre+: [pi."sRE]
PF
adp. right before
pxiswawam: [pi.swaw."am]
PF
adv. just a mo-
ment ago
pxiswaway: [pi.swaw."aj]
PF
adv. in just a se-
cond from now
pxiyern: [pi."jEP.RIn]
PF
adv. immediately (not
as soon as pxiswaway)
pxm: [pIm]
PF
adv. often
pxor: [poR]
PF
vin. explode
pxorpam: ["poR.pam]
PF
n. ejective consonant
pxun: [pun]
PF
n. arm
pxuntil: ["pun.til]
PF
n. elbow
10
R
ral: [Ral]
PF
n. meaning
ralpeng: [Ral."pEN]
PF
v. interpret (ii)
ram: [Ram]
PF
n. mountain
ramtsyp: ["Ram.
>
tsjIp^]
PF
n. hill
ramunong: [Ra."mu.noN]
PF
n. well
rangal: ["Ra.Nal]
PF
v. wish
rawke: ["Raw.kE]
PF
intj. alarm cry, call to defen-
se
r: [R."P]
PF
part. do not (for negative impe-
ratives, commands only)
reo: ["RE.Po]
PF
n. head
rel: [REl]
PF
n. image, picture
reltseo: ["REl.
>
tsE.o]
PF
n. visual art
reltseotu: ["REl.
>
tsE.o.tu]
PF
n. artist
reng: [REN]
PF
adj. shallow (physically)
renu: ["RE.nu]
PF
n. pattern
rewon: ["RE.won]
PF
n. morning
rey: [REj]
PF
vin. live
reyeng: [REj."PEN]
PF
n. the Balance of Life
reypay: ["REj.paj]
PF
n. blood
rikx: [Rik]
PF
vin. move, shift position
rim: [Rim]
PF
adj. yellow
rimpin: ["Rim.pin]
PF
n. yellow
rina: [Ri."naP]
PF
n. seed
rk: [RIk^]
PF
n. leaf
rkean: ["RI.kE.an]
PF
adj. leaf green
ro+: [Ro]
PF
adp. at (locative)
rofa: ["Ro.fa]
PF
adp. beside, alongside
rol: [Rol]
PF
v. sing
rolun: [Ro."lun]
PF
intj. Eureka! Ive found it!
ronsem: ["Ron.sEm]
PF
n. mind
rum: [Rum]
PF
n. ball
run: [Run]
PF
vtr. nd, discover
rusey: [Ru."sEj]
PF
adj., n. alive, living, living
thing
rutxe: [Ru."tE]
PF
intj. please
S
sanok: ["saP.nok^]
PF
n. mother (from
saatenuk
C
)
sanu: ["saP.nu]
PF
n. mum, mommy (affectiona-
te form of sanok mother)
sanutsyp: ["saP.nu.
>
tsjIp^]
PF
n. little mommy
(used for young girls)
sasem: ["saP.sEm]
PF
n. parents (not singular)
saa: ["sa:]
LA
intj. threatening cry
salew: [sa."lEw]
PF
v. proceed, go
san: [san]
PF
adv. saying, quote
sar: [saR]
PF
vtr. use
sat: [sat^]
PF
pn. that (lenited form of tsat, irre-
gularly lenited after ftu from)
sau: [sa."u]
LA
intj. exclamation upon exertion,
urgh
sayrp: ["saj.RIp^]
PF
adj. handsome, good looking
(normally used of men)
s: [s]
snume
prex instrumental noun
sfpl: [s."fpIl]
PF
n. idea
snume: [s."nu.mE]
PF
n. teaching, instruction
snumvi: [s."num.vi]
PF
n. lesson
sspxin: [s."spin]
PF
n. disease, sickness, ill-
ness
sspxintsyp: [s."spin.
>
tsjIp^]
PF
n. minor ail-
ment
ssuln: [s."su.lIn]
PF
n. hobby, pleasure-
yielding activity
szrp: [s."z.RIp^]
RL,PF
n. face lead, rein
sekrr: ["sE.kr
"
]
PF
adv. present
sempu: ["sEm.pu]
PF
n. daddy (affectionate
form of sempul father)
sempul: ["sEm.pul]
PF
n. father
set: [sEt^]
PF
adv. now
sevin: [sE."vin]
PF
adj. pretty (primarily of fema-
les, for people only)
seykxel: [sEj."kEl]
PF
adj. strong (emotionally,
spiritually, not physical), condent
seyri: ["sEj.Ri]
JC
n. lip
si: [si] auxiliary verb, postpositional non-
bound verb do, make PF
sim: [sim]
PF
svin. near, be near
s: [sI]
PF
conj. and (connects two things, can
be attached as s: for clauses use ulte and)
sk: [sIk^]
PF
adv. unquote
slpey: [sIl."pEj]
PF
vin. hope (with tsn for thing
hoped, unless in independent clause) (ii)
slronsem: [sIl."Ron.sEm]
PF
adj. clever, smart
(thing)
sltsan: [sIl."
>
tsan]
PF
adj. good (of its kind), well
done
sn: [sIn]
PF
adp. on, onto
11
skaa: [ska."Pa]
PF
vtr. destroy
skepek: ["skE.pEk^]
PF
adj. formal
skien: ["ski.En]
PF
adj. right (not left)
skxakep: ["ska.kEp^]
PF
adj., adv. probable, pro-
bably
skxawng: [skawN]
PF
n. moron, idiot
skxom: [skom]
PF
n. chance, opportunity
sl: [sl]
PF
conj. but
sleyku: [slEj."ku]
PF
vtr. produce
slu: [slu]
PF
vin. become (noun predicate with
ne in ambiguous constructions)
smar: [smaR]
PF
n. prey, hunted thing
smon: [smon]
PF
vin. be familiar, be known
(with dative)
sngap: [sNap^]
PF
vtr. sting
sngi: ["sN.Pi]
PF
vin. begin, start (with
subjunctive)
sngikrr: ["sN.Pi.kr
"
]
PF
n. beginning, starting
time
sngiyu: ["sN.Pi.ju]
PF
n. beginner
sngel: [sNEl]
PF
n. garbage, trash, rubbish
sngeltseng: ["sNEl.
>
tsEN]
PF
n. rubbish place, gar-
bage dump
sno: [sno]
PF
pn. his own, her own, its own (re-
exive, genitive form sney)
snumna: ["snu.mI.na]
CP
adj. dim (of a person)
soaia: [so."a.i.a]
PF
n. family (irregular genitive
form soai)
sok: [sok^]
PF
adj. recent
som: [som]
PF
adj. hot
sop: [sop^]
PF
vin. travel
sopyu: ["sop.ju]
PF
n. traveller
spaw: [spaw]
PF
v. believe
sp: [sp]
PF
v. jump
spee: [spE."PE]
PF
vtr. capture
speetu: [spE."PE.tu]
PF
n. captive
speng: [spEN]
PF
v. restore
spule: ["spu.lE]
PF
vtr. propel
spuwin: ["spu.win]
PF
adj. old (not for people),
former
spxam: [spam]
PF
n. mushroom, fungus
spxin: [spin]
PF
adj. sick
srak(e): ["sRak(E)]
PF
part. inter. marker for yes
or no questions
sran: [sRan]
PF
adv., intj. yes (colloquial)
srane: ["sRa.nE]
PF
adv., intj. yes
sraw: [sRaw]
PF
adj. painful
sre+: [sRE]
PF
adp. before (time)
sre: [sREP]
PF
n. tooth
srekamtrr: [sRE."kam.tr
"
]
PF
n. the time before
noon
srekamtxon: [sRE."kam.ton]
PF
n. before mid-
night
srekrr: [sRE."kr
"
]
PF
adv. before, already, ahead of
time
sresea: [sRE.sE."Pa]
PF
v. prophetize, prophesize,
prophesy
sresrrong: [sRE.sr
"
."PoN]
PF
n. before dawn
sretonong: [sRE.ton."PoN]
PF
n. dusk, evening
before sunset
srew: [sREw]
PF
vin. dance
srung: [sRuN]
PF
n. help, assistance
srung si: [sRuN si]
PF
vin. help
starsm: ["staR.sIm]
PF
vtr. gather, collect
stawm: [stawm]
PF
vtr. hear
stn: ["stP.nI]
PF
vtr. catch
steftxaw: [stE."ftaw]
PF
vtr. examine, check
steyki: [stEj."ki]
PF
vtr. anger, make someone an-
gry
sti: [sti]
PF
vin. anger (intransitive), be angry
sto: [sto]
PF
v. refuse (to do something)
stum: [stum]
PF
adv. almost
stxeli: ["stE.li]
PF
n. gift
stxong: [stoN]
PF
adj. strange, unfamiliar, unk-
nown
suln: [su.lIn]
PF
vin. be busy (positive sense),
be engrossed in something one nds especially
pleasant and energizing
sung: [suN]
PF
vtr. add
sunu: ["su.nu]
PF
vin. be pleasing or likeable,
bring enjoyment
sutx: [sut]
PF
vtr. track, follow, lock up
swaw: [swaw]
PF
n. moment
swawtsyp: ["swaw.
>
tsjIp^]
PF
n. litte moment,
second
swey: [swEj]
PF
adj. best
swir: [swi."R]
PF
n. creature
swizaw: [swi."zaw]
PF
n. arrow
swok: [swok^]
PF
adj. sacred
swotu: ["swo.tu]
PF
n. sacred place
syaw: [sjaw]
PF
vin. call, name
syay: [sjaj]
PF
n. fate
syayvi: ["sjaj.vi]
PF
n. luck, chance
sy: ["sj.P]
PF
adj. bitter
syen: [sjEn]
PF
adj. last, nal
syep: [sjEp^]
PF
vtr. trap
syo: [sjo]
PF
adj. light (physical weight),
lightweight
12
syulang: ["sju.laN]
PF
n. ower
syuve: ["sju.vE]
PF
n. food (collective noun, can-
not be pluralised)
T
ta: [ta]
PF
adp. from (various uses)
taem: [ta."PEm]
PF
adv. from above
taleng: ["taP.lEN]
PF
n. skin
talengean: ["taP.lE.NE.an]
PF
adj. skin blue
tafkip: [ta."fkip^]
PF
adp. from up among
tafral: [ta."fRal]
PF
adv. therefore, because of that
takip: [ta."kip^]
PF
adp. from among
takuk: ["ta.kuk^]
PF
vtr. strike
talun(a): [ta."lun(a)]
PF
conj. because, from the
reason
tam: [tam]
PF
vin., intj. that will sufce, that
will do, OK
tamtam: [tam tam]
M
intj. calm, be content, the-
re there
tangek: ["ta.NEk^]
PF
n. trunk (of a tree)
tanh: [tan."hI]
PF
n. star, bioluminescent freckle
taron: ["ta.Ron]
JC,PF
vtr. hunt
taronyu: ["ta.Ron.ju]
JC,PF
n. hunter
taronyutsyp: ["ta.Ron.ju.
>
tsjIp^]
PF
n. little hun-
ter
tatep: ["ta.tEp^]
PF
vtr. lose track, lose aware-
ness of something
tatlam: [tat."lam]
PF
adv. apparently
taw: [taw]
PF
n. sky
taweyk(a): [ta."wEjk(a)]
PF
conj. because, based
on the cause
tawng: [tawN]
PF
vin. duck, dive
tftxu: [t."ftu]
PF
vtr. weave
tftxuyu: [t."ftu.ju]
PF
n. weaver
ttxaw: [t."taw]
PF
vin. return
te: [tE]
JC
part. used in full names
tel: [tEl]
PF
vtr. receive
telem: [tE."lEm]
PF
n. cord
tem: [tEm]
PF
vin. shoot
teng: [tEN]
PF
adj. same, equal
tengfya: ["tEN.fja]
PF
conj. as, same way as (situ-
ational similarity)
tengkrr: [tEN."kr
"
]
PF
conj. while, same time as
teri: [tE."Ri]
PF
adp. about, concerning
terkup: ["tER.kup^]
PF
vin. die
teswotng: [tE."swo.tIN] v. grant (ii)
tete: ["tE.tE]
PF
adj. dull (as a blade)
tewti: ["tEw.ti]
PF
intj. wow, expression of surpri-
se and pleasure
teya: [tE."ja]
PF
adj. full
teya si: [tE."ja si]
PF
vin. ll (with dative of thing
lled)
teyr: [tEjR]
PF
adj. white
teyrpin: ["tEjR.pin]
PF
n. white
til: [til]
PF
n. joint, hinge
tirea: [ti."RE.a]
PF
n. spirit
tireafyao: [ti."RE.a.fja.Po]
PF
n. spirit path
tireaioang: [ti."RE.a.i.o.aN]
PF
n. spirit animal
tireapngkxo: [ti."RE.a.pN.ko]
PF
v. commu-
ne
tawm: [tI."Pawm]
PF
n. camping
tawm si: [tI."Pawm si]
PF
vin. camp
tawpo: [tI."Paw.po]
PF
n. individuality (negati-
ve connotation), selshness
tefu: [tI."PE.fu]
PF
n. feeling
tem: [tI."PEm]
PF
n. the art of cooking
teylan: [tI."PEj.lan]
PF
n. friendship
teyng: [tI."PEjN]
PF
n. answer, response
tiavay: [tI."PiP.a.vaj]
PF
adv. until the end
to: [tI."PoP]
PF
n. fun, excitement
tong: [tI."PoN]
PF
n. blooming, unfolding
tfmetok: [tI."fmE.tok^]
PF
n. test
tfnu: [tI."fnu]
PF
n. quiet, silence
tftang: [tI."ftaN]
PF
n. stopping, the glottal stop
tftia: [tI."fti.a]
PF
n. study
tftia kifkey: [tI."fti.a ki."fkE.j]
PF
n. science,
the study of the physical world
tftxavang: [tI."fta.vaN]
PF
n. passion
tftxey: [tI."ftEj]
PF
n. choice
tfyawntxu: [tI.fja.wIn."tu]
PF
n. guidance
tfyeyn: [tI."fjEjn]
PF
n. ripeness, maturity, full
fruition
thawl: [tI."hawl]
PF
n. preparations, plan
thawnu: [tI."haw.nu]
PF
n. protection
thawnu si: [tI."haw.nu si]
PF
vin. protect
tkn: [tIk."PIn]
PF
n. free time, the absence of bu-
siness
tkan: [tI."kan]
PF
n. aim, goal, purpose, target
tkangkem: [tI."kaN.kEm]
PF
n. work
tkangkem si: [tI."kaN.kEm si]
PF
vin. work
13
tkangkemvi: [tI."kaN.kEm.vi]
PF
n. project, pie-
ce of work
tkanu: [tI."ka.nu]
PF
n. intelligence
tkawng: [tI."kawN]
PF
n. evil
tkenong: [tI."kE.noN]
PF
n. example
tketeng: [tI."kE.tEN]
PF
n. difference
tkin: [tI."kin]
PF
n. need
tkusar: [tI.ku."saR]
PF
n. teaching (the act)
tkxey: [tI."kEj]
PF
n. incorrectness, mistakeness
tkxey si: [tI."kEj si]
PF
vin. mess up, foul, do
wrong
tlam: [tI."lam]
PF
n. appearance
tlen: [tI."lEn]
Prr
n. event, happening
tlor: [tI."loR]
PF
n. beauty
tm: [tIm]
PF
adj. low
tmeem: [tI."mE.PEm]
PF
n. harmony (general
sense)
tmok: [tI."mok^]
PF
n. suggestion
tmuntxa: [tI.mun."ta]
PF
n. mating, marriage
tmweypey: [tIm."wEj.pEj]
PF
n. patience
tn: [tIn]
PF
n. activity that keeps one busy
tng: [tIN]
PF
v. give
tngay: [tI."Naj]
PF
n. truth
tngzk: [tI."N.zIk^]
PF
n. difculty, problem
tng mikyun: [tIm "mik.jun]
PF
vin. listen
tng nari: [tIn "na.Ri]
PF
vin. look
tngop: [tI."Nop^]
PF
n. creation
tng tseng: [tIN
>
tsEN]
PF
vin. back down, give
ground
tno: [tI."no]
PF
n. thoroughness, attention to de-
tail
tnomum: [tI."no.mum]
PF
n. curiosity
toeyktng: [tI."o.Ejk.tIN]
PF
n. explanation (Ca-
sual speech [tI."o.Ejk.tIN)
tohakx: [tI.o."hak]
PF
n. hunger
tpawm: [tI."pawm]
PF
n. question
tphem: [tI."p.hEm]
PF
n. arrival
tpngkxo: [tI.pN."ko]
PF
n. conversation, di-
scussion
tpngkxotsyp: [tI.pN."ko.
>
tsjIp^]
PF
n. little
conversation
tpeun: [tI."pE.Pun]
PF
n. decision
tprrte: [tI."pr
"
.tEP]
PF
n. pleasure
tran: [tI."Ran]
PF
vin. walk
trey: [tI."REj]
PF
n. life
trol: [tI."Rol]
PF
n. song (vocal)
tskaa: [tI.ska."Pa]
PF
n. destruction
tsom: [tI."som]
PF
n. heat
tsop: [tI."sop^]
PF
n. journey
tspee: [tI.spE."PE]
PF
n. capture
tspxin: [tI."spin]
PF
n. the state of being ill, sick-
ness
tsraw: [tI."sRaw]
PF
n. pain
tsraw seyki: [tI."sRaw sEj."ki]
PF
vtr. hurt (so-
meone or something)
tsraw si: [tI."sRaw si]
PF
vin. hurt, be painful
tsresea: [tI."sRE.sE.Pa]
PF
n. prophecy
tsti: [tI."sti]
PF
n. anger
tsung: [tI."suN]
Lance
n. addition, post script
(P.S.)
ttslam: [tI."
>
tslam]
PF
n. understanding, intelli-
gence
ttstunwi: [tI."
>
tstun.wi]
PF
n. kindness
ttusaron: [tI.tu."sa.Ron]
PF
n. hunting
ttxanew: [tI."ta.nEw]
PF
n. greed
ttxen: [tI."tEn]
PF
n. awakeness, the state of wa-
king
ttxula: [tI."tu.la]
PF
n. construction, construc-
ted thing
ttxur: [tI."tuR]
PF
n. strength, power
tvawm: [tI."vawm]
PF
n. darkness
tvek: [tI.vEP."kI]
PF
n. hatred
twew: [tI."wEw]
PF
n. coldness, cold
twusem: [tI.wu."sEm]
PF
n. ghting
tyawn: [tI."jawn]
PF
n. love
tyawr: [tI."jawR]
PF
n. correctness
tyusom: [tI.ju."som]
PF
n. eating (the act)
to: [to]
PF
part. comparative marker than (be-
haves like an adp.)
tok: [tok^]
PF
vtr. be at, occupy a space
tokx: [tok]
PF
n. body
tolel: [to."lEl]
PF
intj. Eureka! I found it! I un-
derstand! (synonym: tslolam)
toltem: [tol."tEm]
PF
vtr. shoot
tompa: ["tom.pa]
PF
n. rain
tor: [toR]
PF
adj. last, ultimate, terminal
toruk makto: ["to.Ruk^ "mak.to]
JC
n. toruk rider
trr: [tr
"
]
PF
n. day
trrawve: [tr
"
."Paw.vE]
PF
n. Sunday
trrong: [tr
"
."PoN]
PF
n. dawn, sunrise
trrongmaw: [tr
"
."PoN.maw]
PF
n. dawn after
sunrise
trram: [tr
"
."am]
PF
adv. yesterday
trray: [tr
"
."aj]
PF
adv. tomorrow
trrkive: [tr
"
."ki.vE]
PF
n. Saturday
trrmrrve: [tr
"
."mr
"
.vE]
PF
n. Thursday
trrmuve: [tr
"
."mu.vE]
PF
n. Monday
14
trrpeve: [tr
"
."pE.vE]
PF
inter. which day (derived
from trr day and pe interrogative marker
and ve ordinal number marker)
trrpuve: [tr
"
."pu.vE]
PF
n. Friday
trrpxeyve: [tr
"
."pEj.vE]
PF
n. Tuesday
trrtsve: [tr
"
."
>
tsI.vE]
PF
n. Wednesday
trrtxon: [tr
"
.ton]
PF
n. the day and night cycle of
Pandora
tukru: [tuk."Ru]
PF
n. spear
tul: [tul]
PF
vin. run
tumpin: ["tum.pin]
PF
n. red, orange
tun: [tun]
PF
adj. red, orange
tung: [tuN]
PF
v. allow
tungzup: [tuN."zup^]
PF
vtr. drop (ii)
tup: [tup^]
PF
conj. instead of, rather than
tupe: ["tu.pE]
PF
inter. who
tut: [tut^]
PF
part. continuation marker
tut: [tu."tE]
PF
n. female (person)
tutan: [tu."tan]
PF
n. male (person)
tute: ["tu.tE]
PF
n. person
tuteo: ["tu.tE.o]
PF
pn. somebody, someone
tuvon: ["tu.von]
PF
v. lean
Ts
tsa: [
>
tsa]
PF
prex that
tsau: ["
>
tsa.Pu]
PF
dem. that (thing)
tsafya: [
>
tsa."fja]
PF
pn. that way, like that
tsa-hey: ["
>
tsa."hEj]
ZS
intj. expression of warning
or frustration, crap!, ah, hell!
tsaheyl si: [
>
tsa."hEjl si]
PF
vin. bond with,
establish a neural connection
tsaheylu: [
>
tsa."hEj.lu]
JC,PF
n. bond (neural con-
nection)
tsakem: ["
>
tsa.kEm] or [
>
tsa."kEm]
PF
dem. that
(action)
tsakrr: [
>
tsa."kr
"
]
PF
dem. then, at that time
tsakrrvay: [
>
tsa."kr
"
.vaj]
PF
adv. until then, in the
meantime
tsal: [
>
tsal]
PF
pn. that, it (transitive subject)
tsalsungay: [
>
tsal.su."Naj]
PF
adv. nevertheless,
even so
tsam: [
>
tsam]
PF
n. war
tsampongu: ["
>
tsam.po.Nu]
PF
n. war party
tsamsiyu: ["
>
tsam.si.ju]
PF
n. warrior
tsapalute: [
>
tsap."Pa.lu.tE]
PF
n. apology
tsapalute si: [
>
tsap."Pa.lu.tE si]
PF
vin. apologi-
se (apologize)
tsaria: ["
>
tsa.Ri.a]
PF
pn., sbd. that
tsat: [
>
tsat^]
PF
pn. that, it (as object)
tsata: ["
>
tsa.ta]
PF
pn., sbd. that
tsatseng: [
>
tsa."
>
tsEN] or ["
>
tsa.
>
tsEN]
PF
dem. there,
that place
tsatu: ["
>
tsa.tu]
PF
dem. that person
tsaw: [
>
tsaw]
PF
dem., pn. that, it (as intransitive
subject)
tsawa: ["
>
tsa.wa]
PF
pn., sbd. that
tsawke: ["
>
tsaw.kE]
PF
n. sun
tsawl: [
>
tsawl]
PF
adj. big (in size), tall
tsawlh: [
>
tsawl."hIP]
PF
n. size
tsawl slu: [
>
tsawl slu]
PF
vin. grow
ts: [
>
tsP]
PF
v. squirt
tse: [
>
tsE]
PF
part. well (conversation starter)
tsea: [
>
tsE."Pa]
PF
vtr. see (physical sense)
tseng(e): ["
>
tsEN(E)]
PF
n. place
tsengo: ["
>
tsE.No]
PF
pn. somewhere
tsengpe: ["
>
tsEN.pE]
PF
inter. where
tseo: ["
>
tsE.o]
PF
n. art
tsewtx: [
>
tsEwt]
PF
adj. dirty
tsim: [
>
tsim]
PF
n. source
tsng: [
>
tsIN]
PF
num. four
tsve: ["
>
tsI.vE]
PF
adj. fourth (ordinal)
tskalep: ["
>
tska.lEp^]
PF
n. crossbow
tsko: [
>
tsko]
PF
n. bow (weapon)
tsko swizaw: [
>
tsko swi."zaw]
PF
n. bow and ar-
row
tskxe: [
>
tskE]
PF
n. rock, stone
tskxekeng: ["
>
tskE.kEN]
PF
n. training, exercise
tskxekeng si: ["
>
tskE.kEN si]
PF
v. exercise, train
tslam: [
>
tslam]
PF
vtr. understand
tsleng: [
>
tslEN]
PF
adj. false
tslolam: [
>
tslo."lam]
PF
intj. get it, I understand
tsmuk: [
>
tsmuk^]
PF
n. sibling
tsmukan: ["
>
tsmu.kan]
PF
n. brother
tsmuke: ["
>
tsmu.kE]
PF
n. sister
tsmuktu: ["
>
tsmuk.tu]
PF
n. sibling
tsngal: [
>
tsNal]
PF
n. cup
tsngan: [
>
tsNan]
PF
n. meat
tsngawvk: ["
>
tsNaw.vIk^]
PF
vin. cry, weep
tsn: [
>
tsnI]
PF
sbd. that (function word) (with
subjunctive verb in dependant clause)
tsop: ["
>
tso.pI]
PF
n. lung
tspang: [
>
tspaN]
PF
vtr. kill
tsranten: ["
>
tsRan.tEn]
PF
vin. matter, be of im-
port
15
tsray: [
>
tsRaj]
PF
n. village
tsrei: ["
>
tsRE.Pi]
PF
vtr. throw
tstal: [
>
tstal]
PF
n. knife
tstew: [
>
tstEw]
PF
adj. brave
tstu: [
>
tstu]
PF
adj. closed, shut
tstunwi: ["
>
tstun.wi]
PF
adj. kind, thoughtful,
considerate
tstu si: [
>
tstu si]
PF
vin. close
tstxo: [
>
tsto]
PF
n. name
tstxolu: ["
>
tsto.lI.Pu]
PF
n. noun
tsuksm: ["
>
tsuk.sIm]
PF
n. chin
tsulf: [
>
tsul."f]
PF
n. mastery
tsulf si: [
>
tsul."f si]
PF
vin. master
tsulftu: [
>
tsul."f.tu]
PF
n. master of an art,
craft, or skill, expert
tsun: [
>
tsun]
PF
vin. can, be able (with subjuncti-
ve)
tsunslu: ["
>
tsun.slu]
PF
vin. may, be possible
tsurokx: [
>
tsu."Rok]
PF
v. rest
tswa: [
>
tswaP^]
PF
v. forget
tswayon: ["
>
tswaj.on]
PF
vin. y
tswin: [
>
tswin]
PF
n. queue, braid
tswintsyp: ["
>
tswin.
>
tsjIp^]
PF
n. little queue
tsyal: [
>
tsjal]
PF
n. wing
tsyo: [
>
tsjo]
PF
n. our
tsyokx: [
>
tsjok]
PF
n. hand
tsyosyu: ["
>
tsjo.sju]
PF
n. food made from our
Tx
txa: [taP]
PF
adj. hard
txal: [tal]
PF
n. back (of the body)
txampay: [tam."paj]
PF
n. sea, ocean
txampx: [tam."pI]
PF
n. majority, most, large
part
txan: [tan]
PF
adj. great, much, many (in quan-
tity)
txanew: ["ta.nEw]
PF
adj. greedy
txantsan: ["tan.
>
tsan]
PF
adj. excellent
txantslusam: ["tan.
>
tslu.sam]
PF
adj. wise
txantstew: ["tan.
>
tstEw]
PF
n. hero
txantur: ["tan.tuR]
PF
adj. powerful
txayo: ["ta.jo]
PF
n. eld, open terrain, plain
txrem: ["t.REm]
PF
n. bone
txelan: [tEP."lan]
PF
n. heart
txele: ["tE.lE]
PF
n. matter (subject)
txen: [tEn]
PF
adj. awake
txep: [tEp^]
PF
n. re
txeptsyp: ["tEp.
>
tsjIp^]
PF
n. dear or cute little
re
txepvi: ["tEp.vi]
PF
n. spark
txewk: [tEwk^]
PF
n. club (weapon)
txey: [tEj]
PF
v. halt
txin: [tin]
PF
adj. main, primary
txintn: ["tin.tIn]
PF
n. occupation, primary role
in society
txm: [tIm]
PF
n. butt, rear end, ass
txng: [tIN]
PF
v. leave, abandon
txo: [to]
PF
conj. if
txoa: ["to.a]
PF
n. forgiveness
txokefyaw: ["to.kE.fjaw] conj. if not, or else, ot-
herwise
txon: [ton]
PF
n. night
txonong: [ton."PoN]
PF,Prr
n. night-fall, sunset,
dusk, gloaming
txonongmaw: [ton."PoN.maw]
PF
n. twilight,
the time before dark, after sunset
txonam: [to."nam]
PF
adv. last night
txonay: [to."naj]
PF
adv. tomorrow night
txopu: ["to.pu]
PF
n. fear
txopu si: ["to.pu si]
PF
vin. be afraid
txukx: [tuk]
PF
adj. deep (physically)
txula: ["tu.la]
PF
v. build, construct
txum: [tum]
PF
n. poison
txur: [tuR]
PF
adj. strong (physically)
U
uk: [uk^] n. shadow
ukxo: [u."ko]
PF
adj. dry
ulte: ["ul.tE]
PF
conj. and (clausal conjunction)
ultxa: [ul."ta]
PF
n. meeting
ultxarun: [ul."ta.Run]
PF
v. encounter, meet by
chance (ii)
ultxa si: [ul."ta si]
PF
vin. meet with someone
intentionally (use with)
unil: ["u.nil]
JC
n. dream
uniltrantokx: [u.nil.tI."Ran.tok]
JC,PF
n. ava-
tar, dreamwalker body
uniltranyu: [u.nil.tI."Ran.ju]
PF
n. dreamwalker
16
uo: ["u.o]
PF
adp. behind
utral: ["ut.Ral]
PF
n. tree
utraltsyp: ["ut.Ral.
>
tsjIp^]
PF
n. bush
uvan: [u."van]
PF
n. game, uvan letokx sport
uvan si: [u."van si]
PF
vin. play (a game)
V
var: [vaR]
PF
vin. to persist in a state, to continue
to perform an action
vawm: [vawm]
PF
adj. dark
vawmpin: ["vawm.pin]
PF
n. dark color
vay: [vaj]
PF
adp. up to
vaykrr: [vaj."kr
"
]
PF
conj. until
v: [vP]
PF
adj. unpleasant to the senses, noiso-
me
vek: [vEP."kI]
PF
vtr. hate
venu: ["vE.nu]
PF
n. foot
venzek: ["vEn.zEk^]
PF
n. toe
vewng: [vEwN]
PF
vtr. look after, take care of, be
responsible for
vey: [vEj]
PF
n. food made from animal origin,
esh
vir: [vi."R]
PF
v. spread, proliferate
vitra: [vit."Ra]
PF
n. soul
vol: [vol]
PF
num. eight
volve: ["vol.vE]
PF
adj. eighth (ordinal)
vrrn: ["vr
"
In]
PF
vin. be busy (negative sense): be
tired out and overwhelmed by an activity thats
keeping one busy
vrrtep: ["vr
"
.tEp^]
PF
n. demon
vul: [vul]
PF
n. branch (of a tree)
vur: [vuR]
PF
n. story
vurvi: ["vuR.vi]
PF
n. summary, synopsis
W
way: [waj]
PF
n. song (ancient, ceremonial)
way si: [waj si]
PF
vin. sing
waytelem: ["waj.tE.lEm]
PF
n. song chord
w+: [w]
PF
adp. against (as in: ght against)
wtx: [wt]
PF
vtr. be bad at
wem: [wEm]
PF
vin. ght
wempongu: ["wEm.po.Nu]
PF
n. squad, military
clan, battle party
wew: [wEw]
PF
adj. cold
weyn: [wEjn]
PF
v. draw, illustrate
win: [win]
PF
adj. fast
win spi: [win s."pi]
PF
vin. hurry
win si: [win si]
PF
vin. rush something, make
something fast
wiya: ["wi.ja]
ZS
intj. expression of warning or
frustration, damn!
wntxu: [wIn."tu]
PF
v. show
wok: [wok^]
PF
adj. loud
wotx: [wot]
PF
n. totality, whole
wrrpa: ["wr
"
.pa]
PF
n., adv. outside
wutso: ["wu.
>
tso]
PF
n. dinner, served meal
Y
ya: [ja]
PF
n. air
yapay: ["ja.paj]
PF
n. mist, fog, steam
yawne: ["jaw.nE]
PF
adj. beloved
yawnetu: ["jaw.nE.tu]
PF
n. loved one
yawntu: ["jawn.tu]
PF
n. loved one
yaymak: ["jaj.mak^]
PF
adj. foolish, ignorant
yayo: ["ja.jo]
PF
n. bird
yn: [jn]
PF
vtr. fasten, tie down
yekrr: ["jEP.kr
"
]
PF
adv. early
yern: ["jEP.RIn]
PF
adv. soon
yem: [jEm]
PF
vtr. put, place
yemfpay: [jEm."fpaj]
PF
n. dipping, immersion
(into liquid)
yemfpay si: [jEm."fpaj si]
PF
vin. dip into liquid
yey: [jEj]
PF
adj. straight
Yeysu: [jEj.su]
Jesu
prop.n. Jesus
ym: [jIm]
PF
vtr. bind
yol: [jol]
PF
adj. short (of time)
yom: [jom]
PF
vtr. eat
yomtng: ["jom.tIN]
PF
vin. feed (with dative ob-
ject) (ii)
yur: [juR]
PF
v. wash
17
Z
zarp: [za."P.RIp^]
PF
vtr. pull
zau: ["za.Pu]
PF
vin. come
zau neng: ["za.Pu nI."PEN]
PF
phrase share an
interest in common
zam: [zam]
PF
num. sixty four
zamunge: [za."mu.NE]
PF
vtr. bring
zapx: [za."pI]
PF
n. front (part or section)
zawng: [zawN]
PF
vin. scream
zekw: ["zEk.w]
PF
n. nger
zene: ["zE.nE]
PF
vin. must (with subjunctive)
zenke: ["zEN.kE]
PF
vin. must not (with subjun-
ctive) (ii)
zerok: ["zE.Rok^]
PF
v. remember
zeyko: [zEj."ko]
PF
vtr. heal, x
zskrr: ["zI.sI.kr
"
]
PF
n. season
zst: ["zI.sIt^]
PF
n. year
zo: [zo]
PF
vin. be well, be intact, be as it should
be, work correctly or as nature intended
zong: [zoN]
PF
v. save, defend
zongtseng: ["zoN.
>
tsEN]
PF
n. safe place, refuge
zoplo: [zop."lo]
PF
n. offence, insult
zoslu: ["zo.slu]
PF
vin. heal, become well, get x-
ed
zup: [zup^]
PF
vin. fall
zusawkrr: [zu."saw.kr
"
]
PF
n. future
18
A The Number System
The following are charts of Navi numbers, which are adjectives that modify nouns in their
singular form, like awa tute. Note that it is not a decimal, but an octal system. Underlining
indicates where the stress ought to fall. The numbers 8 and 9 are included for terrestrial number
reference, such as in phone numbers. They do not signify the value of 8 or 9.
Navi Numbers: 0 39
0 1 2 3 4
0 kew vol mevol pxevol tsvol
1 aw volaw mevolaw pxevolaw tsvolaw
2 mune vomun mevomun pxevomun tsvomun
3 pxey vopey mevopey pxevopey tsvopey
4 tsng vosng mevosng pxevosng tsvosng
5 mrr vomrr mevomrr pxevomrr tsvomrr
6 pukap vofu mevofu pxevofu tsvofu
7 kin vohin mevohin pxevohin tsvohin
Navi Numbers: 40 63
5 6 7
0 mrrvol puvol kivol
1 mrrvolaw puvolaw kivolaw
2 mrrvomun puvomun kivomun
3 mrrvopey puvopey kivopey
4 mrrvosng puvosng kivosng
5 mrrvomrr puvomrr kivomrr
6 mrrvofu puvofu kivofu
7 mrrvohin puvohin kivohin
Ordinal Numbers
Number + -ve
0 8 volve
1 awve 9 volawve
2 muve 10 vomuve
3 pxeyve 11 vopeyve
4 tsve 12 vosve
5 mrrve 13 vomrrve
6 puve 14 vofuve
7 kive 15 vohive
More Navi Numbers:
x1 combining x8 x64 x512 x4096
1 aw -aw vol zam vozam zazam
2 mune -mun mevol mezam mevozam mezazam
3 pxey -pey pxevol pxezam pxevozam pxezazam
4 tsng -sng tsvol tszam tsvozam tszazam
5 mrr -mrr mrrvol mrrzam mrrvozam mrrzazam
6 pukap -fu puvol puzam puvozam puzazam
7 kin -hin kivol kizam kivozam kizazam
Example Number
zamtsvosng zam+ tsvo + sng 64 + 48 + 4 100
Non-Navi Numbers
8 eyt 9 nayn
19
B Time
Here is a list of the Pandoran times of the day, as well as names made for the terrestrial week.
Stress is again shown with underlining.
Trrtxon
trrong dawn
trrongmaw after dawn
rewon morning
srekamtrr before noon
kxamtrr noon
kxamtrrmaw after noon
hangir early afternoon
kaym late afternoon
sretonong before nightfall
txonong nightfall
txonongmaw after nightfall
txon night
srekamtxon before midnight
kxamtxon midnight
kxamtxomaw after midnight
txon night
sresrrong before dawn
trrong dawn
Days of the Terrestrial Week
Sunday trrawve
Monday trrmuve
Tuesday trrpxeyve
Wednesday trrtsve
Thursday trrmrrve
Friday trrpuve
Saturday trrkive
C Navi Loan Words
ngls: ["PIN.lI.sI]
PF
n. English language (loa-
ned from Eng. English)
Rrta: ["Pr
"
.ta]
PF,Prr
prop.n. Earth (loaned
from Eng. Earth)
Europa: [E.u."Ro.pa]
PF
prop.n. Europe (loaned
from Greek Europe)
hamets: [ha.mE.
>
tsI]
PF
n. leavened bread (loa-
ned from Hebrew chametz)
jakesully: [ZEjksu:l
"
i]
M
n. moron, toruk mak-
toyu (loaned from Eng. Jake Sully) (not nor-
mally allowable under Navi phonotactic
rules)
kunsp: ["kun.sIp^]
PF
n. gunship (loaned from
Eng. gunship)
matsa: [ma.
>
tsa]
PF
n. matsa, crackers (loaned
from Hebrew matsa)
nFranse: [nI."fRan.sE]
PF
adv. French, in French
(loaned from Eng. French)
nToitsye: [nI."to.i.tsjE]
PF
adv. German,
Deutsch (loaned from Deutsch German)
Pari: [pa.Ri]
PF
prop.n. Paris (loaned from
French Paris)
psketpol: [p.skEt.pol]
PF
n. basketball (loa-
ned from Eng. basketball)
plok: [pI."lok^]
PF
n. blog (loaned from Eng.
blog)
puk: [puk^]
PF
n. book (loaned from Eng. book)
puktsyp: ["puk.
>
tsjIp^]
PF
n. pamphlet, booklet
(derived from puk book)
pxir: [piR]
PF
n. beer (loaned from Deutsch bi-
er)
skxaypxe: ["skaj.pE]
PF
n. Skype (loaned from
English Skype)
Sweriye: [swERijE]
PF
prop.n. Sweden
tawsp: ["taw.sIp^]
PF
n. sky-ship (loaned from
Eng. ship)
toktor: ["tok.toR]
PF
n. doctor (loaned from
Eng. doctor)
tsynel: [
>
tsj.nEl]
PF
n. TV channel (loaned
from Eng. channel)
tsyrf: [
>
tsjI.R.fI]
PF
n. giraffe (loaned from
Eng. giraffe)
wou: ["wo.u]
PF
svin. be amazing, fascinating
(slang) (loaned from Eng. whoa)
Yu.E.Sey: [ju.E.sEj]
PF
prop.n. USA (loaned
from Eng. USA)
20
+
21
D Flora and Fauna
Fauna
angtsk: ["PaN.
>
tsIk^]
PF
n. hammerhead
eltungawng: ["El.tu.NawN]
PF
n. brainworm
(c.w. from eltu brain and ngawng worm)
fkio: ["fki.o]
PF
n. tetrapteron
fpxafaw: ["fpa.faw]
PF
n. medusa
fwk: ["fw.kI]
PF
n. mantis
ikran: ["ik.Ran]
JC
n. banshee
ikranay: ["ik.Ra.naj]
ASG
n. forest banshee (Not
PF)
kaliweya: [ka.liP.wE.ja]
ASG
n. species of poiso-
nous arachnid
kenten: ["kEn.tEn]
PF
n. fan lizard
lonataya: [lo.na.ta.ja]
ASG
n. medusa
nantang: ["nan.taN]
JC,PF
n. viperwolf Canifer-
ratus costatus, striped armored wolf
pali: ["paP.li]
PF
n. direhorse
palulukan: [pa.lu."lu.kan]
JC
n. thanator (col-
loquial [pa."lu.kan])
riti: ["Ri.ti]
JC
n. stingbat
syaksyuk: [sjak."sjuk^]
PF
n. prolemuris
talioang: ["tal.i.o.aN]
JC
n. sturmbeest (derived
from ioang animal)
teylu: ["tEj.lu]
JC
n. beetle larva
toruk: ["to.Ruk^]
JC
n. great leonopteryx, last sha-
dow
yerik: ["jE.Rik^]
PF
n. hexapede
zize: [zi."zEP]
PF
n. hellre wasp
E The Changelog
This is the changelog. Ive kept it in, not for translators, who should contact Tuiq, but for the
reader, who would presumably like to know what Ive done.
11.468 Added initial entry for sno, sney - help on it would be nice, if you have sug-
gestions. Marked a, tsn as sbd., or subordinators. Decided not to divide conj. into sbd.
and coordinators, as it confused me, and would likely confuse you too. Fixed layompin.
Syllabicaiton of lefkrr. Edited -ve, -e, -an. Edited them again. Edited omum. Chang-
ed Illegal words to Non-Frommerian words. Syllabied inxes. Added ktee si serve.
Added fra, kaw to inections. Edited lor. Added var to persist in a state, to continue to
perform an action. Added nftxan. Added Yeysu, o Jesus, durative marker.
22