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Examples Examples Examples

Signal words
Tense Use Form affirmative negative interrogative
‫الكلمـــــــــات‬
‫الزمـــــــــــن‬ ‫الستخدام‬ ‫الشكـــل‬ ‫أمثـــة علــى‬ ‫أمثلة علــى‬ ‫أمثلــة علــى جملــة‬
‫المفـــاتيـــح‬
‫جملــة اليجــاب‬ ‫جملــة النــفــي‬ ‫الستفهـــام‬
something I work. I don't work. Do I work?
happens
He doesn't
repeatedly He works. Does he work?
every day work.
how often I go. I don't go. Do I go?
sometimes something
happens
always
one action
Simple
often follows another
Present infinitive
or he/she/it + -s
usually things in general
Present Simple
seldom after the He goes. He doesn't go. Does he go?
following verbs
never (to love, to hate,
to think, etc.)
first ... then
future meaning:
timetables,
programmes
something is I'm not
I'm working. Am I working?
happening at the working.
same time of
now He isn't
speaking or He's working. Is he working?
Present around it working.
at the moment to be
Progressive or
(am/are/is) + I'm going. I'm not going. Am I going?
Present future meaning:
Look! infinitive + -ing
Continuous when you have
already decided
Listen! He's going. He isn't going. Is he going?
and arranged
to do it (a fixed
plan, date)
last ... action took place I worked. I didn't work. Did I work?
in the past, regular:
Simple He worked. He didn't work. Did he work?
... ago mostly connectedinfinitive + -ed
Past
with an irregular: I went. I didn't go. Did I go?
or
in 1990 / 1982 expression of 2nd column of
Past
… time (no table of
Simple He went. He didn't go. Did he go?
connection to the irregular verbs
yesterday present)
an action I wasn't
I was working. Was I working?
happened in the working.
middle of
He was He wasn't
another action Was he working?
working. working.
Past
someone was was/were + I was going. I wasn't going. Was I going?
Progressive or while
doing sth. at a infinitive + -ing
Past Continuous
certain time (in
the past) - you He wasn't
do not know He was going. Was he going?
going.
whether it was
finished or not
Simple just you say that sth. have/has + I have worked. I haven't Have I worked?
Present has happened or past participle* worked.
yet He has He hasn't
Has he worked?
worked. worked.
never
I have gone. I haven't gone. Have I gone?
ever is finished in the
past and it has a
already connection to the
Perfect
present *(infinitive +
or
so far, -ed) or (3rd
Present
action started in column of table
Perfect
up to now, the past and of irregular He has gone. He hasn't gone. Has he gone?
continues up to verbs)
since the present

for

recently
action began in I have been I haven't been Have I been
all day the past and has working. working. working?
just stopped
Present Perfect the whole day He has been He hasn't been Has he been
working. working. working?
Progressive or how long the have/has +
Present how long action has been been + I have been I haven't been Have I been
Perfect happening infinitive + -ing going. going. going?
Continuous since
emphasis: He has been He hasn't been Has he been
for length of time going. going. going?
of an action
mostly when two I hadn't
I had worked. Had I worked?
actions in a story worked.
are related to
had + past He had He hadn't
Simple each other: the Had he worked?
participle* worked. worked.
Past already action which had
Perfect already I had gone. I hadn't gone. Had I gone?
*(infinitive +
or just happened is put
-ed) or (3rd
Past into Past Perfect,
column of table
Perfect never the other action
of irregular
(Simple) into Simple Past He had gone. He hadn't gone.Had he gone?
verbs)
the past of the
Present Perfect
I had been I hadn't been Had I been
working. working. working?
how long how long He had been He hadn't been Had he been
Past Perfect
something had working. working. working?
Progressive or had + been +
since been happening
Past Perfect infinitive + ing I had been I hadn't been Had I been
before something
Continuous going. going. going?
for else happened
He had been He hadn't been Had he been
going. going. going?
will - future predictions about will + infinitive I'll work. I won't work. Will I work?
the future (you
He'll work. He won't work. Will he work?
think that sth.
will happen) I'll go. I won't go. Will I go?

you decide to do He'll go. He won't go. Will he go?


sth.
spontaneously at
the time of
speaking, you
haven't made a
decision before
main clause in
type I of the if
I'm going to I'm not going Am I going to
When you have work. to work. work?
already decided He's going to He's not going Is he going to
to do sth. in the be (am/are/is) work. to work. work?
going to -
future + going to +
future I'm going to I'm not going Am I going to
infinitive
what you think go. to go. go?
what will happen He's going to He's not going Is he going to
go. to go. go?
An action will be I won't be Will I be
I'll be working.
in progress at a working. working?
certain time in
the future. This He'll be He won't be Will he be
working. working. working?
Future action has begun
Progressive or before the will + be + I won't be
Future certain time. infinitive + ing I'll be going. Will I be going?
going.
Continuous
Something
happens because He won't be
He'll be going. Will he be going?
it normally going.
happens.

will + have + I'll have I won't have Will I have


past participle* worked. worked. worked?
Simple
sth. will already He'll have He won't have Will he have
Future
have happened worked. worked. worked?
Perfect
before a certain *(infinitive +
or I won't have
time in the -ed) or (3rd I'll have gone. Will I have gone?
Future Perfect gone.
future column of table
Simple
of irregular He'll have He won't have Will he have
verbs) gone. gone. gone?
sth. will already I'll have been I won't have Will I have been
have happened working. been working. working?
Future before a certain
Perfect time in the He'll have He won't have Will he have
will + have + been working. been working. been working?
Progressive or future
been +
Future I'll have been I won't have Will I have been
infinitive + ing
Perfect going. been going. working?
Continuous emphasis:
length of time He'll have He won't have Will he have
of an action been going. been going. been working?

I wouldn't Would I
I would work.
sth. that might work. work?
happen He would He wouldn't Would he
Conditional would + work. work. work?
Simple main clause in infinitive
type II of the if I would go. I wouldn't go. Would I go?
clauses He wouldn't Would he
He would go.
go. go?
Conditional sth. that might would + be + I would be I wouldn't be Would I be
Progressive happen infinitive + ing working. working. working?
or
He would be He wouldn't be Would he be
Conditional emphasis:
Continuous length of time working. working. working?
of an action I would be I wouldn't be Would I be
going. going. going?
He would be He wouldn't be Would he be
going. going. going?

sth. that might would + have + I would have I wouldn't have Would I have
have happened past participle* worked. worked. worked?
in the past He would have He wouldn't Would he have
(It's too late worked. have worked. worked?
Conditional
now.) *(infinitive +
Perfect I would have I wouldn't have Would I have
-ed) or (3rd
main clause in column of table gone. gone. gone?
type III of the if of irregular He would have He wouldn't Would I have
clauses verbs) gone. have gone. gone?
I would have I wouldn't have Would I have
sth. that might been working. been working. been working?
Conditional have happened He would He wouldn't Would he
Perfect in the past have been have been have been
Progressive (It's too late would + have + going. going. working?
or now.) been +
Conditional infinitive + ing I would have I wouldn't have Would I have
Perfect emphasis: been going. been going. been going?
Continuous length of time He wouldn't Would he
of an action He would have
have been have been
been going.
going. going?