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Lemon

Culinary uses


Lemon Pickle
Lemon juice, rind, and zest are
used in a wide variety of food and
drink. Lemon juice is used to
make lemonade, soft drinks, and
cocktails. It is used in marinades
for fish, where its acid neutralizes
amines in fish by converting them
into non-volatile ammonium salts,
and meat, where the acid partially
hydrolyzes tough collagen fibers,
tenderizing the meat, but the low
pH denatures the proteins, causing
them to dry out when cooked.
Lemon juice is frequently used in
the United Kingdom to add to
pancakes, especially on Shrove
Tuesday.
Lemon juice is also used as a
short-term preservative on certain
foods that tend to oxidize and turn
brown after being sliced, such as
apples, bananas and avocados,
where its acid denatures the
enzymes that cause browning and
degradation.
Lemon juice and rind are used to
make marmalade and lemon
liqueur. Lemon slices and lemon
rind are used as a garnish for food
and drinks. Lemon zest, the grated
outer rind of the fruit, is used to
add flavor to baked goods,
puddings, rice and other dishes.
Preserved lemons are a part of
Moroccan cuisine. They are also
one of the main ingredients in
many Indian cuisines. Either
lemon pickle or mango pickle is
part of everyday lunches in
Southern India.
[citation needed]

The leaves of the lemon tree are
used to make a tea and for
preparing cooked meats and
seafoods.
Other uses


Lemon (Citrus limon) essential oil in
a clear glass vial
Industrial
Lemons were the primary
commercial source of citric acid
before the development of
fermentation-based processes.
[16]

As a cleaning agent
The juice of the lemon may be
used for cleaning. A halved lemon
dipped in salt or baking powder is
used to brighten copper cookware.
The acid dissolves the tarnish and
the abrasives assist the cleaning.
As a sanitary kitchen deodorizer
the juice can deodorize, remove
grease, bleach stains, and
disinfect; when mixed with
baking soda, it removes stains
from plastic food storage
containers.
[17]
The oil of the
lemon's peel also has various uses.
It is used as a wood cleaner and
polish, where its solvent property
is employed to dissolve old wax,
fingerprints, and grime. Lemon oil
and orange oil are also used as a
nontoxic insecticide treatment.
A halved lemon is used as a finger
moistener for those counting large
amounts of bills, such as tellers
and cashiers.
Medicinal
Lemon oil may be used in
aromatherapy. Researchers at The
Ohio State University found that
lemon oil aroma does not
influence the human immune
system, but may enhance
mood.
[18]
The low pH of juice
makes it antibacterial, and in
India, the lemon is used in Indian
traditional medicines Siddha
Medicine and Ayurveda.
[citation
needed]

Other
One educational science
experiment involves attaching
electrodes to a lemon and using it
as a battery to produce electricity.
Although very low power, several
lemon batteries can power a small
digital watch.
[19]
These
experiments also work with other
fruits and vegetables. Lemon juice
is also sometimes used as an acid
in educational science
experiments.

Culinary uses


Lemon Pickle
Lemon juice, rind, and zest are
used in a wide variety of food and
drink. Lemon juice is used to
make lemonade, soft drinks, and
cocktails. It is used in marinades
for fish, where its acid neutralizes
amines in fish by converting them
into non-volatile ammonium salts,
and meat, where the acid partially
hydrolyzes tough collagen fibers,
tenderizing the meat, but the low
pH denatures the proteins, causing
them to dry out when cooked.
Lemon juice is frequently used in
the United Kingdom to add to
pancakes, especially on Shrove
Tuesday.
Lemon juice is also used as a
short-term preservative on certain
foods that tend to oxidize and turn
brown after being sliced, such as
apples, bananas and avocados,
where its acid denatures the
enzymes that cause browning and
degradation.
Lemon juice and rind are used to
make marmalade and lemon
liqueur. Lemon slices and lemon
rind are used as a garnish for food
and drinks. Lemon zest, the grated
outer rind of the fruit, is used to
add flavor to baked goods,
puddings, rice and other dishes.
Preserved lemons are a part of
Moroccan cuisine. They are also
one of the main ingredients in
many Indian cuisines. Either
lemon pickle or mango pickle is
part of everyday lunches in
Southern India.
[citation needed]

The leaves of the lemon tree are
used to make a tea and for
preparing cooked meats and
seafoods.
Other uses


Lemon (Citrus limon) essential oil in
a clear glass vial
Industrial
Lemons were the primary
commercial source of citric acid
before the development of
fermentation-based processes.
[16]

As a cleaning agent
The juice of the lemon may be
used for cleaning. A halved lemon
dipped in salt or baking powder is
used to brighten copper cookware.
The acid dissolves the tarnish and
the abrasives assist the cleaning.
As a sanitary kitchen deodorizer
the juice can deodorize, remove
grease, bleach stains, and
disinfect; when mixed with
baking soda, it removes stains
from plastic food storage
containers.
[17]
The oil of the
lemon's peel also has various uses.
It is used as a wood cleaner and
polish, where its solvent property
is employed to dissolve old wax,
fingerprints, and grime. Lemon oil
and orange oil are also used as a
nontoxic insecticide treatment.
A halved lemon is used as a finger
moistener for those counting large
amounts of bills, such as tellers
and cashiers.
Medicinal
Lemon oil may be used in
aromatherapy. Researchers at The
Ohio State University found that
lemon oil aroma does not
influence the human immune
system, but may enhance
mood.
[18]
The low pH of juice
makes it antibacterial, and in
India, the lemon is used in Indian
traditional medicines Siddha
Medicine and Ayurveda.
[citation
needed]

Other
One educational science
experiment involves attaching
electrodes to a lemon and using it
as a battery to produce electricity.
Although very low power, several
lemon batteries can power a small
digital watch.
[19]
These
experiments also work with other
fruits and vegetables. Lemon juice
is also sometimes used as an acid
in educational science
experiments.
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Rutaceae
Genus: Citrus
Species: C. limon
Binomial name
Citrus limon, often given as C.
limon
(L.) Burm.f.

Dengan diberi jeruk lemon, kesegaran muncul pada masakan juga minuman. Berikut beberapa cara lain
memanfaatkan jeruk lemon, seperti dilansir Readerdigest:

Pasta
Jika menyukai rasa lemon, Anda bisa memberikannya apda pasta, risotto, serta sausnya. Dan bila ingin
rasa pasta lebih ringan, Anda bisa menggabungkan jus lemon dengan satu sendok makan minyak zaitun
dan cabai merah cincang yang telah dibuang bijinya. Berikan pula bawang putih cincang serta cengkeh.
Aduk merata kemudian beri segenggam peterseli cincang kasar dan keju parmesan parut.

Limun
Untuk membuat limun, cukup beri satu cangkir gula ke dalam panci kecil dengan setengah cangkir air
kemudian didihkan di atas api besar. Kecilkan api dan biarkan mendidih selama beberapa menit. Angkat
lalu biarkan dingin, beri air perasan lemon dari dua buah jeruk lemon. Sajikan limun yang sudah
diencerkan secukupnya dengan air mineral dingin.

Es batu
Bekukan dan simpan jus lemon dalam alat cetak es kubik ketika Anda hanya memiliki sedikit jeruk
lemon.

Panggang
Berikan percikan jeruk lemon saat memanggang daging sapi, daging ayam, domba, ataupun kambing.
Bisa juga celupkan potongan ayam ke dalam jeruk lemon, berikan minyak zaitun, serta beberapa potong
cabai kering dan oregano sebelum dipanggang.

Seafood
Kasih beberapa sendok makan jus lemon ke dalam olahan seafood untuk memberikan rasa yang tajam
dan segar.

Saus
Anda bisa membuat saus yang sederhana dengan menggabungkan satu sendok makan jus lemon dengan
tiga sendok makan minyak zaitun kemudian bumbui dengan sedikti garam, merica, bawang putih
cincang, dan sebutir cengkeh. Diamkan beberapa menit lalu angkat bawang putihnya. Tuangkan pula
sedikit air jeruk ke dalam saus maupun pasta.

Salad
Berikan irisan lemon yang tipis untuk salad untuk menyeimbangkan sayuran pada salad.
(ftr)
Medical Precautions Note: If you suffer from heartburn, kidney or gall bladder problems or have a citrus
allergy consult your doctor before using these remedies or drinking lemon juice. To protect your teeth
enamel, wait at least half an hour before brushing your teeth after chewing, drinking or rinsing with
lemon juice. Rubbing lemon juice or oil and drinking lemon juice is not suitable for children under the
age of 10. Lemons are effective home remedies for a variety of health concerns but in the case of
serious illness always consult your doctor first.

Lemon contains citric acid, which can be effective in treating acne. The vitamin C found in citrus
fruits is vital for that healthy glowing skin while its alkaline nature kills some types of bacteria
known to cause acne. In addition to drinking lemon juice with water first thing in the morning,
here are some suggestions on how to prepare a homemade acne treatment using lemon:
With your finger or a cotton ball, apply fresh lemon juice on acne and leave it overnight. Wash
with water the following morning. There may be an uncomfortable sensation of burning at first,
but it will soon disappear.
Mix one part of freshly squeezed lemon juice with an equal part of rose or honey water. Put the
mixture on affected areas for at least half an hour. Wash it afterwards with water. This
application should be repeated twice daily, ideally in the morning and the evening.
Note: these remedies are safe and natural, but if acne is severe or there are open wounds, consult
your doctor first.
Untuk kulit normal, campurkan satu sendok teh sari lemon dengan satu sendok teh bubuk green
gram, aduk rata. Tambahkan air mawar untuk mengentalkan. Green gram dalam masker
membantu mengangkat sel-sel kulit mati sementara sari lemon membantu mencerahkan warna
kulit, sedang air mawar berfungsi untuk menenangkan kulit.
Jika kulitmu kering atau kombinasi normal-kering, campurkan satu sendok teh olive oil dan
satu sendok teh madu, dan beberapa tetes sari lemon. Setelah membersihkan wajah seperti biasa,
gunakan campuran ini dengan di pijat selama 2-3 menit, lalu diamkan 10-15 menit sebelum di
bersihkan. Kandungan madu dan olive oil sangat baik untuk menjaga kelembaban kulit. Tapi,
kamu juga perlu hati-hati karena bisa jadi kulitmu akan semakin kering [baca juga: Manfaat
Lidah Buaya / Aloe Vera Menjaga Kelembaban Kulit].
Tapi, bagi pemilik kulit sensitif harus lebih hati-hati, karena sari lemon dapat menyebabkan
jerawat jika langsung digunakan ke wajah. Untuk itu, campurkan setengah sendok teh gliserin
dengan setengah sendok teh jus apel atau wortel. Tambahkan 3 atau 4 tetes sari lemon. Sama
seperti lainnya, gunakan sebagai masker dan bersihkan wajah sesudahnya.
Terakhir, untuk kamu dengan kulit berminyak atau kombinasi normal-berminyak, campurkan
bahan mineral lumpur seperti fullers earth dengan dua sendok teh sari lemon yang sudah
dicampur dengan air mawar sebelumnya. Perbandingan untuk sari lemon dan air mawar adalah
1:2. Masker ini bisa mengangkat debu dan kotoran sekaligus menghilangkan minyak berlebih
sehingga wajahmu bisa terlihat cerah tapi tidak mengkilap
-
Abandon Seorang peramu
minuman biasanya akan menambahkan potongan lemon ke dalam segelas soft drink untuk
memberikan rasa lebih.
Lemon memang salah satu buah populer yang digunakan sebagai bahan pembuat
minuman menyegarkan atau penambah rasa pada minuman lain.
Lemon juga dijadikan sebagai bahan tambahan untuk membuat cookies dan cake.
Ingin tahu informasi menarik lain tentang lemon?
Berikut adalah beberapa fakta unik dan menarik tentang lemon:
1. Nama lemon berasal dari sebuah kata di Asia untuk menyebut buah yang asam.
2. Lemon secara teknis merupakan kelompok berry.
3. Sejarawan percaya bahwa lemon sudah digunakan sejak abad pertama masehi
4. Diyakini bahwa lemon pertama kali dibudidayakan di Mediterania.
5. Ada tiga jenis lemon yang umum dikenal yakni Bearss, Eureka, dan Lisbon.
6. Pohon lemon bisa menghasilkan buah hingga 600 kilogram dalam satu tahun. Pohon
lemon bisa tumbuh hingga mencapai tinggi 20 meter.
7. California dan Arizona merupakan penghasil sekitar 95% total produksi lemon di
Amerika.
8. Saat ini, Angkatan Laut Inggris mengharuskan semua kapal membawa cukup lemon
sehingga setiap pelaut bisa minum 29,6 ml jus lemon.
9. Satu lemon rata-rata memiliki delapan biji.
10. Satu buah lemon rata-rata mengandung jus (air perasan) tiga sendok makan.
11. Jus lemon mengandung 5% asam sitrat.
12. Satu buah lemon mengandung sekitar 15 kalori.
13. Mengoleskan atau meneteskan air perasan lemon pada buah yang mudah teroksidasi
(misal, apel) bisa mencegah buah mengalami oksidasi atau menjadi berwarna cokelat.
14. Air perasan lemon dan air hangat merupakan salah satu ramuan baik untuk mengatasi
sakit tenggorokan karena sifat lemon yang anti-bakteri.
15. Pada masa dulu, saat masih langka, lemon sering digunakan untuk sajian istimewa
atau hadiah antar raja-raja yang berkuasa.
16. Selama masa California Gold Rush pada tahun 1849, seorang penambang bersedia
membayar uang dalam jumlah besar hanya untuk sebuah lemon.
17. Pada masa Renaisans, wanita menggunakan air perasan lemon untuk membuat bibir
mereka menjadi merah.
18. Ingin rambut berkilau alami? Oleskan air perasan lemon pada rambut setiap hari,
selama satu minggu, niscaya rambut Anda akan berkilau alami.
19. Para keluarga pada masa Victoria menanam pohon lemon di rumah mereka sebagai
tanda prestise sekaligus memberikan keharuman segar dari lemon.
20. Pada bulan Februari dan Maret, Menton di Riviera, Perancis, merayakan festival lemon
tahunan.
21. Hiu lemon diberi nama demikian karena kulitnya berwarna kekuningan.
22. Lemon kaya akan kandungan vitamin C.
23. Lemon dapat mencegah penyakit kudis.
24. Untuk menyalakan sebuah bola lampu senter, diperluka 500 kabel lemon untuk
menghantarkan listrik.
25. Lemon terberat yang pernah tercatat adalah 5,25 kg, yang dibukukan pada tahun 2003.
26. Lemon menjadi nama unisex umum pada tahun 1900-a
Dosis pemakaian
Pemakaian luar: air jeruk lemon dioleskan pada kulit
Pemakaian dalam: 15-30 gr kulit jeruk direbus, airnya diminum atau 1/2-1 buah segar diperas,
lalu diminum.

Manfaat Cara Penggunaan
a. Mencegah keriput: Jus jeruk lemon, minyak zaitun, dan putih telur ayam
kampungsecukupnya, diaduk rata kemudian dioleskan pada bagian kulit tersebut,
setelah kering dibersihkan.
b. Gangguan pencernaan: 20 cc air jeruk lemon murni atau dicampur dengan air hangat digunakan
untuk berkumur di tenggorokan selama beberapa menit kemudian ditelan.
c. Sariawan, kekurangan vitamin C (skurvi): Jeruk lemon diperas dan diminum airnya
sebanyak satu sendok makan. Lakukan 3 x sehari.
d. Menurunkan kadar kolesterol tinggi, tekanan darah tinggi: 20 lembar daun salam rebus
dengan 600 cc air hingga tersisa 200 cc disaring, tambahkan 50 cc air jeruk lemon da aduk, dan
diminum.
e. Flu, influenza:1 buah jeruk lemon diperas, 10 gr bawang putih dan 10 gr jahe dihaluskan,
campur semua bahan, tambahkan 1 sendok madu dan 1 cangkir (150 cc) air hangat, diaduk lalu
diminum. Lakukan 3 x sehari.
Catatan:
- Pemakaian terlalu banyak menyebabkan sembelit
- Tidak dianjurkan bagi penderita tukak lambung dan kelebihan asam lambung
- Setiap pengobatan dilakukan secara teratur
- untuk penyakit yang serius, tetap konsultasikan ke dokter.
Your
Anxiety


Research has shown that lemon balm has a calming effect and therefore may be able to help
remove fatigue, exhaustion, dizziness, anxiety, nervousness, and tension. It is also believed that
inhaling lemon oil helps in increasing concentration and alertness. It can therefore be used as a
room freshener in offices to increase the efficiency of the employees. If youre feeling tense
sprinkle a few drops of lemon balm essential oil (


Canker Sore, No More

The proven antibacterial and antiviral properties of lemons can accelerate the healing process in
the case of cankers. Mix the juice of freshly squeezed lemon into a glass of lukewarm water and
rinse your mouth with this solution; do this three times a day. There may be a burning sensation
when the lemon juice comes into contact with the canker, however, the more frequently you use
it, the less burning there will be.

Nutritional value per 100 g (3.5 oz)
Energy 121 kJ (29 kcal)
Carbohydrates
Sugars 2.5 g
Dietary fiber 2.8 g
Fat 0.3 g
Protein 1.1 g
Vitamins
Thiamine (B1)
(3%)
0.04 mg
Riboflavin (B2)
(2%)
0.02 mg
Niacin (B3)
(1%)
0.1 mg
Pantothenic acid (B5)
(4%)
0.19 mg
Vitamin B6
(6%)
0.08 mg
Folate (B9)
(3%)
11 g
Choline
(1%)
5.1 mg
Vitamin C (64%)
53 mg
Trace metals
Calcium
(3%)
26 mg
Iron
(5%)
0.6 mg
Magnesium
(2%)
8 mg
Manganese
(1%)
0.03 mg
Phosphorus
(2%)
16 mg
Potassium
(3%)
138 mg
Zinc
(1%)
0.06 mg

Link to USDA Database entry
Units
g = micrograms mg = milligrams
IU = International units
Percentages are roughly approximated using
US recommendations for adults.
Source: USDA Nutrient Database
The origin of the lemon is a mystery, though it is thought that lemons first grew in Assam (a
region in Northeast India), northern Burma, and China.
[1][2]
A study of the genetic origin of the
lemon reported that it is a hybrid between sour orange and citron.
[3]

Lemons were known to the Jews of Jerusalem, who, according to Josephus, pelted an errant high
priest with them during a festival in the 90s BC,
[4]
although Jewish tradition maintains that this
was done with citrons, not lemons.
[5]
They entered Europe near southern Italy no later than the
1st century AD, during the time of Ancient Rome. However, they were not widely cultivated.
They were later introduced to Persia and then to Iraq and Egypt around 700 AD. The lemon was
first recorded in literature in a 10th-century Arabic treatise on farming, and was also used as an
ornamental plant in early Islamic gardens.
[1][2]
It was distributed widely throughout the Arab
world and the Mediterranean region between 1000 and 1150.
The first substantial cultivation of lemons in Europe began in Genoa in the middle of the 15th
century.
[2]
The lemon was later introduced to the Americas in 1493 when Christopher Columbus
brought lemon seeds to Hispaniola on his voyages. Spanish conquest throughout the New World
helped spread lemon seeds. It was mainly used as an ornamental plant and for medicine.
[2]
In the
19th century, lemons were increasingly planted in Florida and California.
[6]

In 1747, James Lind's experiments on seamen suffering from scurvy involved adding lemon
juice to their diets, though vitamin C was not yet known.
[7][8]

The origin of the word lemon may be Middle Eastern. One of the earliest occurrences of "lemon"
appears in a Middle English customs document of 14201421. The word draws from the Old
French limon, thence the Italian limone, from the Arabic laymn or lmn eht morf dna ,
Persian lmn rof mret cireneg a , citrus fruit, which is a cognate of Sanskrit (nimb,
lime).
[9]