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all-channel testing
technology (SONET)
Product note

The role of SONET technology is evolving. Network
elements are now incorporating grooming capability
coupled with switching and multiplexing. Increasingly
deployed in the access network, they enable bandwidth
in the core network to be used effectively. To ensure
these network elements are fully and efficiently tested,
new test techniques are required if installation, commis-
sioning and troubleshooting are to be cost-effective

To fully check routing of transmission paths in multi-
service aggregation platforms each channel must be
tested sequentially. This is time consuming and
inefficient. An obvious solution to increase productivity
would be to simultaneously monitor all the channels in a
single test, without compromising measurement

Agilent’s new family of portable Transmission Test Set
offers the very latest in all-channel testing technology.
It provides simultaneous monitoring of up to 192
channels continuously at 10 Gb/s, with granularity down
to the STS-1 level. This product note explains how this
technology can be applied to reduce network opera-
tional costs and improve network quality of service.

latest network elements aggregate traffic carrying status of each any voice. Introduction To cope with the growth in traffic of a received SONET signal. Of course. service and out-of-service monitor- commissioning and the need for Once enabled. bandwidths to STS-1 grooming out-of-service at all SONET rates granularity. · discovers the line rate and channel structures of any valid Agilent’s new generation of field. within the network. including the type of · shows which channels are and efficiently concentrates them service signal being transported. They allow you to automatically identify the line rate and channel structure Grooming capability removes unequipped channels for maximum utilization of bandwidth on high-speed line signals. signals that contain any mix of sion Test Sets provide a test standard and concatenated platform that allows continuous channels. Figure 1. All input channels are multiplexed onto a single high-speed line signal (including unequipped). to 192) for errors. if network elements such as new. SignalWizard ing for faster problem resolution service differentiation must be automatically: and improved quality-of-service. signal and all STS channels (up types in today's networks. Network element evolution 2 . alarms and mission systems are evolving. alarms and pointer movements. they identify the pointer activity. data and video services channel. OC-n signal. and and switching together into a single searches on any sub-string platform. and typically support a Simultaneous monitoring can be contained within the target path variety of interfaces and performed both in-service and trace message. unequipped and the type of for optimal use of bandwidth in the This level of precision is necessary service signal being carried by long-haul transmission network. then · simultaneously monitors the line volume and diversity of traffic monitor all channels for errors. quick provisioning. trans. The In addition. Switching function selec- tively routes individual channels from inputs to outputs. These network elements bring all add-drop multiplexers and digital · provides listing and search tools the functionality of multiple cross-connects are to be both to identify path routing errors multiplexers. This From a test perspective. fast instrument’s SignalWizard facility. monitoring of up to 192 channels (all STSs) at the same time. this volume and diversity of traffic capability is provided by the technology can be used for in- expands. equipped channels. generation aggregation platforms. considered if the demands of customers are to be satisfied. This includes OC-n portable SONET/SDH Transmis. as the from 52 Mb/s up to 10 Gb/s. optical networking efficiently and rigorously tested.

Typical in-service test connections network clock. when commissioning shown in Figure 2. com. This ensures more Wizard can be used to quickly problems are found quickly and determine whether all the paths easily. output ports of an aggregation the operator instantly whether missioning (configuring) of new platform. The simple operation of error-free. Once the OC-n signal of interest is connected to the appropriate receiver port on the test set. customer’s channel. if a customer has SONET signals is typically per. Just two key presses on the test sets are required to access the test set's all-channel monitoring function. nance checks. SignalWizard will show of transmission problems. SignalWizard ensures that network staff can also find problems fast and readily without setting up complex testing procedures. press the 'Smart Test' button on the front panel of the instrument. additional channels. then test procedure. helps rapidly verify network a new network element. Signal- performance. The ability to tion platform before performing a automatically identify. and reduces the number of through the network element are fault escalation procedures being configured correctly. A typical connection diagram when simultaneously monitor.In-service monitoring In-service monitoring of live The transmission tester has the In addition. and routine mainte. ability to view the full structure of degraded performance on their formed during the troubleshooting the signals at both the input and service. connection details of the aggrega. the test set's receiver auto- matically synchronizes to the Figure 2. all performing in-service monitoring is channels within the source signal For example. 3 . This means that it is not errors are occurring only in that SONET transmission systems and necessary to have full cross. With the transmission test set connected to the network monitor point. or across service paths. and operating activated.

(3c indicates STS-3c. (If monitor the signal of interest. CV-L (B2) and REI-L error status l AIS-L and RDI-L alarm status (LOS. no errors or alarms are reported. LOP-P and RDI-P alarm status l indicator for detected pointer adjustments STS channel viewer Each STS channel detected in the signal is provided with a dedicated box that summaries the channels status. including error and alarm status. where 1 indicates STS-1 associated with the selected channel. While any non-standard concatenated channel will be detected and displayed. By highlighting the signal of these will be displayed together in its entirety. J1 trace mesage The size designator displayed within each box is the Displays the decode path trace message channel size identifier. SignalWizard is now initiated and The instrument displays the signal In figure 3. Pointer activity within the channel structure is indicated by the STS background flashing blue. Unequipped channels are grayed out. Broadband mappings are not underlined. Line signal viewer Displays the detected SONET signal (0C-192/48/12/3/1 or STS-1/3).) button. LOF. in-depth analysis can take place as shown in figure 4. 12c indicates STS-12c. Section/line viewer Displays results information associated with the section and line levels of the signal. interest and pressing the 'Select' with their associated line rates. Color-coded results key green No errors/alarms detected since test started red Errors/alarms currently detected yellow Currently no alarms detected and error-free. including l type of payload (traffic) being carried in the channel (decoded C2 byte) l CV-P and REI-P error status l AIS-P. If a J0 trace message is detected this is also displayed (both 16 and 64 byte message formats are supported). overview page allowing you to of the STS channel mappings mine those receiving signals. however. OOF alarms are displayed on the instrument’s front-panel LEDs. more than one signal is detected. contain a sub-VT signal structure. errors/alarms detected earlier in measurement Figure 3. including l synchronization status message (decoded S1 byte) l CV-S (B1). it is evident that some scans all the input ports to deter. SignalWizard STS-level monitoring grey Unequipped channel blue Pointer adjustment detected black Illegal pointer value red/black AIS alarm 4 . An STS channel carrying a VT mapping is highlighted by its size designator being underlined. 48c Both 16 and 64 byte message formats indicates STS-48c and 192c indicates STS-192c).) Selected STS channel viewer Displays result information associated with the selected STS channel. are supported.

The VT channel's size designator identifies the tributary rate. Figure 4. J2 path trace mes.5 and 2 indicates VT2. Unequipped channels are grayed out. Path routing and traffic overview When installing and commission. tion switching to confirm the correct signals have been pro- tected in fault conditions. and allow you to identify sages associated with each VT all VT channels in all STS chan- and locate any routing errors channel for a selected STS can be nels. Path trace viewed at the same time. This messages are also useful for allows you to continually monitor checking routing performance of and easily identify path routing network elements during protec. SignalWizard STS and VT monitoring Selected VT channel viewer Displays result information associated with the selected VT channel. RFI-V and RDI-V alarm status l indicator for detected pointer adjustments VT channel viewer Each VT channel detected is provided with a dedicated display area identifying traffic status. 5 . These messages allow be displayed at the same time. including l type of service mapping being carried in the channel (decoded V5 byte) l BIP-2 and REI-V error status l AIS-V. errors within the network. within the network. Pointer activity within the channel structure is indicated by the VT background flashing blue. within a target path trace message. all you to confirm correct routing J2 path trace messages in the VT performance of the aggregation In addition.5 indicates VT1. facilities are available for both the search on any sub-string contained ing. or troubleshoot. monitor path trace messages is All the J1 path trace messages can This includes all J1 path trace essential. messages in the STS channels. Both 16 and 64 byte message formats are supported. The path trace and traffic overview It is also possible to perform a ing new services. the ability to generate and STS and the VT signal structures. LOP-V. where 1. or elements. Is displayed for the selected VT channel. channels within a selected STS. Channels J2 trace message underlined indicate the channel is carrying a mapped service.

testing an OC-48 tribu- and troubleshooting the new including the mix of STS-1/3c/ tary signal containing forty-eight generation of SONET transmission 12c/48c/192c channels. test sets this can only be achieved fies: SignalWizard’s unique all-channel by sequentially testing each STS monitoring capability delivers path carried within the OC-n · the type of network paths significant reductions in test time present in the signal output tributary or line signals. Since these new trans. Figure 5. full verification of verifying the channel provisioning This also applies at the VT channel their operation is only possible by setup in the system-under-test (see level in any selected STS channel. Path trace overview Out-of-service testing Figure 6. example. SignalWizard identi- test set’s versatile transmitter. figure 7). performing tests on each indi. switching functions in addition to a faster method of independently multiplexing. For when installing. individual tests. commissioning by the network element. STS-1s would require forty-eight systems. With traditional SONET Additionally. SignalWizard · the traffic-carrying status of mission systems typically provide requires just two key presses to each STS channel. vidual STS path processed by the 6 . Path trace search window When used in conjunction with the system. showing STS channel grooming and test all forty-eight STS-1s allowing which channels are equipped.

) For tasks can be accomplished fast. tive proposition of stimulating the and acceptance testing a new improving quality of service to all element from the line side (see network element. SignalWizard your customers. The attrac. (It should be under-test without setting up noted that this is only possible if The simultaneous all-channel complex testing procedures. integrity of the network element. network element. when commissioning effortlessly and comprehensively. example. and operating error-free. Line-side testing a next-generation platform 7 .Generating a test signal with the figure 8) is the reduction in the can be used to quickly determine ability to simultaneously monitor amount of test ports that need to whether all the paths through the all of the channels within the be tested to completely check network element are configured signal quickly determines the operational conformance of the correctly. The the line-side signal has no forward monitoring technology of signal can be applied to both the error correction (FEC). Tributary-side testing a next-generation platform Figure 8. the network element. or if this is SignalWizard means that these tributary side or the line side of turned off during testing. Figure 7.

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