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I Ðû¦è[ª- øŒEî¦ô¢Ù 2 Vöµj 2005

Sridhar: Where were you last Evening? à¶óŸªÙè….) ÷« ÚÛ>ûË áÞœ-Dùà ÚÛ«è¯ ÏÚÛ\-
(Eìo þ§óŸªÙêŸÙ ÓÚÛ\-è[ª-û¦o÷±?) è[ªÙ-æ°è[ª. ìªîµ\-ÚÛ\-è[ªÙ-æ°÷±?
Srikanth: I was at Sankar's. We spent the Ramesh: Ô û¦ÚÛª êµMë]ª. ÓÙë]ªÚÛª êµõªq-ÚÁ-î¦-
evening together. õ-ìª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦o÷±?
(û¶ìª øŒÙÚÛô î¦RxÙæ˺x Ñû¦oìª. Naresh: Eìªo ÷« ÏÙæ¨Ú¨ í‡õ-î¦-õE (want to
þ§óŸªÙvêŸÙ Ïë]lô¢Ù ÚÛL›ú Ñû¦oÙ.) î¦è[Ùè…).
Sridhar: Do you see him everyday? Answer:
(ôÁW ìª÷±y ÍêŸEo ÚÛõª-ú£ª-ÚÛªÙ-æ°î¦?) Ramesh: Hi Naresh? How are you?
Srikanth: No. He is out some evenings. He (Ð í£õ-ÚÛ-JÙ-í£±õª ò°Þ¥ practice
attends music classes two or three à¶óŸªÙè…)
evenings a week. Naresh: Fine. Thank you. How are you?
(ö¶ë]ª Ú•Eo-ôÁ-Võª ÍêŸìª þ§óŸªÙvêŸÙ Ramesh: Fine too. Thank you. Why are you Ð ÷«å ÚÛ«è¯ ò°Þ¥ î¦è[Ùè… õ. ÍÙê¦ ÷ªì practice Oªë¶ ÑÙC.
ÏÙæ˺x ÑÙè[è[ª. î¦ô¦-EÚ¨ ·ôÙè[ª, ÷´è[ª here? Ramesh: Do you read a lot?
VOCABULARY
þ§óŸªÙ-vê¦õª ú£ÙUêŸÙ û¶ô¢ªa-ÚÛªÙ-æ°è[ª.) (How is it you are here?/What brings you (Have you/do you have the habit of reading?)
Sridhar: When did he start learning? here?/How do I see you here now?- Oå-Eoæ¨ Naresh: Yes, I read a lot. Reading interests Sentence structures ÏÙÚ¥ ò°Þ¥ practice
(û¶ô¢ªa-ÚÁ-÷è[Ù Óí£±pè[ª îµ³ë]õª šíæ°dè[ª?) Íô¢nÙ ÖÚÛç¶. Ð î¦Ú¥u-õìª ò°Þ¥ practice me/ I am interested in reading. à¶óŸ«-õÙç¶ vocabulary (í£ë¯õª ÍÙç¶ ÏÙÚ•Eo
Srikanth: I don't know. I think he has been à¶óŸªÙè….) Ramesh: Don't you (Do you not) watch ÷«åõª) êµõªú£ªÚÁ-î¦L.
at, is for at least 6 to 7 months Naresh: I bought some books in this shop movies? climb up = ÓÚÛ\è[Ù
now. here this morning. One of them is (ÏÚÛ\è[ Þœ÷ª-EÙ-àŸÙè…. àŸ«þ§hî¦? Do you watch? climb down = CÞœè[Ù
rush = êŸyô¢êŸyô¢Þ¥

êÁ
(û¦ÚÛª êµLóŸªë]ª. Ú¥F θôè[ª ûµõ-õªÞ¥ îµüŒxè[Ù/ è¯-N-è…Þ¥
ë¯E Oªë¶ Ñû¦o-è[-ìª-ÚÛªÙæ°.) îµüŒxè[Ù/urgentÞ¥ ë¶Eûµjû¦ í£Ùí£è[Ù.
Sridhar: How about a movie tomorrow? Will

Do you?
Hurry up, please = êŸyô¢Þ¥ Ú¥FóÀª.
you be free? Why are you in a hurry?
(¸ôí£± ú‡E÷«Ú¨ îµüŒë¯÷«? ¸ôí£± ìª÷±y ÓÙë]ª-ÚÛÙêŸ ê•Ùë]ô¢ FÚÛª?/-ê•Ù-ë]ô¢ í£è[ª-꟪-û¦oîËÂ?
Ý°Só¶ªû¦?) hurry(J) = ê•Ùë]ô¢

í£ë¯õª Îë¯!
Srikanth: I will be away tomorrow. I will be Crawl (vÚ¥öËÀ) = ð§ÚÛè[Ù
free the day after tomorrow. ÷³ÜuÙÞ¥ Ú¥üŒ‰x ö¶E áÙ꟪-÷±õª, ÷ªK ÓÚÛª\÷
(¸ôí£± û¶ìªÙ-è[ìª. ÓõªxÙè… Ý°SÞ¥ Ú¥üŒ‰xìo âµvô¢ªõª, ê¶üŒŠx ö°Ùæ¨N, ÏÙÚ¥ ìè[÷-ö¶E î¦üŒ‰x
ÑÙæ°ìª.) ò˺ô¦xí£è… ð§ÚÛè[Ù, í‡õxõª, û¦õªÞœª Ú¥üŒx áÙ꟪÷±õª
šíj ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£é Þœ÷ª-EÙ-àŸÙè…. ð§ÚÛè¯Eo creep (vÚ©íÖ-vÚ©íÃq, v·ÚíÃd) ÍÙæ°ô¢ª. Íô³ê¶
Timeìª ñæ¨d î¦è…ì verb forms àŸ«ø‹ô¢ª Þœë¯? ·ôÙè[ª ÷«åõÚÛª ð¼LÚÛ à¦ö° Eë¯-ìÙÞ¥ ÚÛë]õè[Ù.
Ð Ú¨ÙC ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£é Oª friends êÁ Ú¥F, OªêÁ ú£ï£°- not in a good condition / is in a bad àŸ«è[î¦ – Do you not watch / Don't you Creep-ô¢ï£°-ú£uÙÞ¥, ë•ÙÞœ-êŸ-ìÙÞ¥ ÚÛë]-õè[Ù Íû¶
ÚÛ-JÙචî¦ü˜x-÷-J-êÁ-ûµjû¦ practice à¶óŸªÙè…. Ïí£p-æ¨-÷- condition. I want to return it. watch? Íô¢nÙ ÚÛ«è¯ ÑÙC.
ô¢ÚÛª Ð Spoken English Columns ö˺ Ï#aì Ramesh: What's (=What is) wrong with the Naresh: Do you? ÚÛõêŸ = worry (÷J);
N÷-ô¦õª Oªô¢ª follow Íô³ ÑÙç¶, Ð ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£é book? ÏÚÛ\è[ Do you watch movies ÍE í£²JhÞ¥ ê¦íˆÞ¥ ìè[-÷è[Ù =amble (ÎÙñªöËÀ)
OªÚÛª à¦ö° ú£ªõòÅ¡Ù. (Ð Ú¨ÙC ›íô¢xÚÛª ñë]ªõª OªOª (What's wrong- ÏC ÏÙTx-ùÃö˺ ú£ô¢y-þ§-ëů-ô¢-éÙÞ¥ Íû¦Lqì Í÷-ú£ô¢Ù ö¶ë]ª. / Do you sea a lot? (campö˺ am ö°Þ¥ ‘ÎÙ’ í£õ-Ú¥L)
friends ›íô¢xêÁ practice à¶óŸªÙè….) Ramesh: Oh, yes. I ê•Ùë]-ô¢-ð§åª = haste (šï°óÀªúÃd)
Ramesh: óÀª ì¸ôùà Óö° Ñû¦o÷±? watch at least
Naresh: ò°Þ¥û¶ Ñû¦o, ëǯuÙÚÛ«u. PRONUNCIATION GUIDE
ìª÷±y Óö° one movie a
Ñû¦o÷±?
Ramesh: û¶ìª ò°Þ¥û¶ Ñû¦o. ëǯuÙÚÛ«u. ÔÙæ¨
ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 11 week. / I watch
movies at least
1) English ö˺ hitting, betting, selling, hum-
ming, cunning ö°Ùæ¨ ÷«å-õö˺ ÷à¶a ·ôÙè[-¤Û-
Ïí£±pè[ª ÏÚÛ\-è[ª-û¦oîËÂ? once a week. ô¦õ« Ú¥ÚÛªÙè¯ ÖÚÛ Í¤Û-ô¢î¶ª í£õ-Ú¥L.
Naresh: Ð í£±ú£h-Ú¥õ ÿ§í£±ö˺ ð»ë]ªlì Ú•Eo í£±ú£h- î¦è[ê¦ô¢ª– Íô¢nÙ: ÔÙæ¨ ð»ô¢-ð§åª?, ê¶è¯ ÔÙæ¨?, ÏÚÛ\è[ ÚÛ«è¯ Oªô¢ª Íõ-î¦åª hitting = æ¨ÙÞÂ
Ú¥õª Ú•û¦oìª. î¦æ¨ö˺ ÖÚÛæ¨ ú£JÞ¥ ꟛíp-÷ª-û¦oû¦?) à¶ú£ªÚÁ-Þœ-L-T궖 Oh, yes, I M. SURESAN betting = òµæ¨ÙÞÂ
ö¶ë]ª. ë¯Eo AJT Ïà¶a-óŸ«-õE Íìª-ÚÛªÙ- Naresh: Some pages are missing. do. At least once a weak. selling = šúLÙÞÂ
åªû¦o. Ramesh: Didn't you (did you not) notice it ÍE clipped sentences (ÚÛªCÙ-#ì î¦Ú¥uõª) î¦è[- humming = NªÙÞÂ
Ramesh: ÔÙæ¨ Î í£±ú£h-ÚÛÙö˺ ö˺í£Ù? this morning when you bought it? ÷àŸªa. ÍÙç¶ I do= I watch. cunning = ÚÛEÙÞÂ,
Naresh: Ú•Eo ›í@õª ö¶÷±. þ§÷«-ìuÙÞ¥ à¦ö°-÷ªÙC Ú•ìè[Ù Íû¶ í£ë¯-EÚ¨, pur- Naresh: Tomorrow is/will be a holiday for (æ¨dÙÞÂ, òµæ¨dÙÞÂ, šúLxÙÞ etc ÍìÚÛ«è[ë]ª)
Ramesh: Ñë]óŸªÙ Ú•ìo-í£±è[ª Þœ÷ª-EÙ-àŸ-ö¶ë¯? chase(s) past doing word 'purchased' î¦è[ª- us. My cousin Jagadish also will 2) Looked, booked, talked, pressed, jumped
Naresh: Ú•ClÞ¥ ê•Ùë]-ô¢ö˺ Ñû¦o! ꟪Ù-æ°ô¢ª– ÏC ð§Ùè…êŸuÙ. ÷«÷´õª ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-é-ö˺- be here tomorrow. Where will you - Ïåª-÷Ùæ¨ ÷«åö˺x #÷J 'ed'E t Þ¥ í£õ-Ú¥L.
Ramesh: FÚÛª í£±ú£h-Ú¥õª àŸCî¶ Íõ-î¦-åªÙë¯? Þ¥E, ô¢àŸ-ìö˺, buy, buys, bought etc. ÚÛ·ôÚÂd. Ú•ìª- be? Looked= Lookt; talked=talkt etc.
Naresh: à¦ö° ÓÚÛª\÷ àŸë]ª-÷±-ê¦ìª. àŸë]-÷åÙ ÞÁõª Íû¶Ù-ë]ªÚÛª purchase î¦è[-÷àŸªa. Ramesh: I don't (do not) know. Why do you
û¦ÚÛª Îú£¸Úh.
Ramesh: ú‡E-÷«õª àŸ«è[î¦?
I have a few purchases to make.
Ú•Eo ÷ú£ªh-÷±õª Ú•ìª-ÞÁõª à¶óŸ«L.
want to know?
Naresh: I wish to/want to invite you to my
Oªô¢« ô¦óŸªÙè…!
Naresh: ìª÷±y ò°Þ¥ àŸ«þ§hî¦? OöµjìÙêŸ÷ô¢ÚÛª buy, buys, boughtû¶ î¦è[Ùè…. ú£ï£°- place. þ¼p·ÚûË ÏÙTxùÃö˺ Oª ú£Ùë¶ï£„õìª
Ramesh: Î. ÚÛFú£Ù î¦ô¦-E-ÚÁ-þ§J. áÙÞ¥ ÑÙåªÙC. àŸ«ø‹ô¦. ÷ªìÙ ÏÙêŸ-÷-ô¢ÚÛª Spoken English ö˺ þ¼p·ÚûË ÏÙTxùÃ, ví£AòÅ¡èµúÃ\, Ðû¦è[ª,
Naresh: ¸ôí£± ÷«ÚÛª šúõ÷± (tomorrowêÁ begin Naresh: I was in a little hurry êµõªú£ª-ÚÛªìo Ú•Cl ÍÙø‹-õ-êÁû¶ ÓÙêŸ ú£ÙòÅ°-ù‡Ù-àŸ-Þœ- þ¼÷«>Þœ«è[, šïj°ë]ô¦ò°ë–82
#ô¢ªû¦÷«ÚÛª í£Ùí‡ÙàŸ÷àŸªa.
email: pratibha@ eenadu.net
ví£øŒo: 'She has had this job for the last 'She has been this job for the last one year ÷«vêŸî¶ª's' / 'es' à¶ô¢ªþ§hÙ.
one year' , 'She has been this job Íû¶ î¦ÚÛuÙ ÚÛ·ôÚÂd Ú¥ë]ª. She has been in this ví£øŒo: ‘û¶ìª Î í£E à¶ô³-þ§h쪒. DEE ÏÙTx-ùÃö˺ áî¦ñª: I got married, I was married ·ôÙè[«
for the last one year' Ð ·ôÙè[ª job Íû¦L (in ÑÙè¯L). Óö° ÍÙæ°ô¢ª? ÚÛ·ô¸Úd. Íô¢nÙö˺ ÷«vêŸÙ Ú•ClÞ¥ ê¶è¯ ÑÙåªÙC.
î¦Ú¥uõÚÛª ê¶è¯ ÔNªæ¨? ví£øŒo: Simple present tenseö˺ subject's – âµ.·Ú ví£þ§ëÂ, ÚÛè[í£ got married = û¦ÚÛª šíüŒx-ô³ÙC ( Ô ôÁV, Ô
I
– Ná-óŸª-õ¤¨t, Ná-óŸª-î¦è[ singularö˺ Ñìo-í£±pè[ª verbÚÛª 's' Þ¥E, áî¦ñª: I will make him / her / them / you ú£Ù÷-êŸqô¢Ù êŸC-êŸô¢ N÷-ô¦õª ú£Ùë]-ô¦sÄEo ñæ¨d
'es'Þ¥E à¶ô¢ª-þ§hô¢ª. Subject - 'I' Ñìo- do it. clearÞ¥ ÑÙç¶).
áî¦ñª: 'She has had this job for the last
one year' She has been in this job
í£±pè[ª verbÚÛª 's', 'es' à¶ô¢a-·ôÙ-ë]ªÚÛª? ví£øŒo: I got married, I was married Ð Ex: I got married (on Monday last/ last
– ÓÙ. òÅ°ìª-àŸÙ-ë]ôÂ, ÷ªCl-î¦-E-ð§öµÙ
Íû¦o, year / in 2004 / 22nd June etc.)
for the last one year' Íû¦o Íô¢nÙ ÖÚÛç¶. ·ôÙè[ª î¦Ú¥uõª ú£·ôj-ì-î¶û¦? Ô ú£Ùë]-
ÎÚÛª Ð ÑëÁuޜ٠ÖÚÛ ú£Ù÷-êŸq-ô¢ÙÞ¥ ÑÙë]E áî¦ñª: Simple presentö˺ Singular sub- ô¢sÄÙö˺ Óö°Ùæ¨ î¦Ú¥uEo Ñí£-óµ«-TÙ- I was married = DE Íô¢nÙ Íí£p-æ¨¸Ú û¦ÚÛª

jects ÍEoÙ-æ¨Ú¨ VerbÚÛª 's' / 'es'à¶ô¢aÙ. III à¦L? šíüŒx-ô³-ð¼-ô³Ù-ë]E.


– ÓöËÀ. û¦¸ÞøŒyô¢ô¦÷±, Þœªè…-î¦è[ Q: Were you married (at the time)?
îµ³ë]æ¨ î¦Ú¥u-EÚ¨ Íô¢nÙ. ·ôÙèÁ î¦Ú¥u-EÚ¨ Íô¢nÙ–
Î Ð ÑëÁu-ÞœÙö˺ ú£Ù÷-êŸqô¢Ù ìªÙ< ÑÙC. Person singular subjects- He, She, It ÚÛª
A: yes, I was married.