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I Ðû¦è[ª- ñªëÅ]î¦ô¢Ù 6 Vöµj 2005

Ajitha: Hi Naresh, how goes Life? î¦è[-÷àŸªa.
(à¦õ í£õ-ÚÛ-JÙí£± ÷«åö˺x ÏC ÚÛ«è¯ eg:
ÖÚÛæ¨. Practice à¶ú‡ î¦è[Ùè…. Dìô¢nÙ, 1)
Óö° Ñû¦o÷± ÍE) Laxman: Did you meet Ram yesterday?
Naresh: No regrets. Getting on. Bharat: Yes, I did.
(ò°ëÅ]-ö¶Oª ö¶÷±. ÔëÁ áJ-T-ð¼-êÁÙC.) ÷«÷´-õªÞ¥ Íô³ê¶, Yes I met him ÍÙæ°Ù.
Ajitha: Did you go through the Eenadu this Conversational
Þ¥ Íô³ê¶ 'Yes I did' à¦õª.
morning? 2)
(Ð ôÁV ð»ë]ªlì ‘Ðû¦è[ª’ àŸC-î¦î¦?) Divya: Does she sing well?
Naresh: No, I didn't. What's new? Deepika: She does, very well.
(ö¶ë]ª. Ôiû¦ Nø™ù£Ù ÑÙë¯?) conversational
Þ¥ She does ÍÙç¶ à¦õª.
Ajitha: Don't you (Do not you/Do you not) ÷«÷´õªÞ¥ Íô³ê¶, Yes, she sings very well
read the newspaper? ÍÙæ°Ù.
(ì«uúÃ-›í-í£ô àŸë]-÷î¦?) 3) (šíj áî¦-ñªö˺x 2 ö˺ No, she is not a good Suman: ÍC Þ•í£pëÁ Ú¥ëÁ û¦ÚÛª êµMë]ª, Ú¥E one
Naresh: I do, of course. But this morning I Champa: Do you practice the game regu- singer ÍE Ú¥E, 3 ö˺ No, we are not students of the hottestÍE ÷«vêŸÙ êµõªú£ª.
was in a hurry. I just ran through the larly? ÍE Ú¥F í£²JhÞ¥ Íì-ÚÛ\-ô¢-ö¶ë]ª) 6)
headlines. My sister reads the Charan: Oh, yes, I do. Ú•ÙàµÙ ›ï°üŒ-ìÞ¥ áî¦-G-÷y-è¯-EÚ¨ ÚÛ«è¯ Ð clipped Madan: ìª÷±y à¦ö° ÷ªÙ#-î¦-è…ö° ÚÛE-í‡-ú£ªh-û¦o÷±.
paper in detail. I practice the game regularly ÍE îµ³êŸhÙ Íì- responses- ÚÛªCÙ-#ì ú£pÙë]-ìõª– î¦è[ª-꟪Ùæ°Ù. (seem; a good fellow î¦è[Ùè…)
(àŸë]ª-÷±-ê¦ìª. Ú¥F ð»ë]ªlì è¯-N-è…ö˺ ÚÛªÙè¯,'I do' ÍÙç¶ ú£ï£°-áÙÞ¥ ÑÙåªÙC. Ð Ú¨ÙC ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£é àŸ«è[Ùè…. Manoj: Í÷±û¦? ÍC F ÷ªÙ#-êŸìÙ ÷õx
šï°èÂ-öµjûËÂq ÷«vêŸÙ àŸCî¦. ÷« àµöµxõª 4) Govind: I play better than Sachin. 7)
›íí£ô êŸhÙ àŸë]ª-÷±-꟪ÙC.) Prameela: Does Kranthi meet you often? Mukund: î¦üŒ‰x òÅ°ô¢-B-óŸ³ö°?
(û¶ìª ú£#ûË ÚÛÙç¶ ò°Þ¥ Îè[-ê¦ìª.) Murari:
Ajitha: Does she? Prasanthi: No, she doesn't (= does not) Ú¥ô¢ª/ Í÷±ìª.
Govardhan: Oh, do you? People don't know
(Í÷±û¦?) 8)
ÏÚÛ\è[answer, 'no' she doesn't
Ú¥ñæ¨d ÍÙæ°Ù. that, unfortunately
Ð ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ 'do, does, did' Óö° î¦è¯ôÁ Nelson: Ð í£±ú£h-Ú¥õª Oªî¦?
No, she does not meet me often ÍE í£²JhÞ¥ (×É˺, Íö°Þ¥?ví£á-õ-ÚÛC êµLóŸªë]ª,
àŸ«ø‹ô¢ª ÚÛë¯. ÏÙêŸÚÛª ÷³Ùë]ª ÚÛ«è¯ Oæ¨E Neeraj: Í÷±ìª. Í÷Fo û¦î¶/-Ú¥÷±.

í£²JhÞ¥.... àµí£pÚÛ\¸ôxë]ª!
Íì-ÚÛ\-ô¢-ö¶ë]ª. ë]ªô¢ë]'ù£dÙ – ÏC ›ï°üŒì) 9)
N÷JÙà¦Ù. ÷ªSx ÷ªô¢#ð¼ÚÛªÙè¯ ÑÙè¶Ù-ë]ªÚÛª Ð
Ú¨ÙC î¦Ú¥uõª ÏÙTx-ùÃö˺ vð§Ú©dúà à¶óŸªÙè…. Taruni:Oªô¢ª æ©O úˆJ-óŸªöËÀq àŸ«þ§hô¦?
eg: Sania: Í÷±ìª àŸ«þ§h-ìª/-àŸ«-è[ìª.
1) Taruni:ÍN Îú£Ú¨hÞ¥ ÑÙæ°óŸ«.
Pavan: Eìo Oª Ú¥ô¢ª-¸Ú-÷ª-ô³ÙC? Sania: Í÷±-ìª/-Ú¥ë]ª ('are' î¦è[Ùè…)
(Í÷è[Ù– happen. what, who êŸô¦yêŸ Ú•Eo 10)
ú£Ùë]ô¦sÄö˺x questionsö˺ 'do', 'does', 'did' Bhaskar: î¦Rx-ÚÛ\è[ ÑÙè¶-î¦ü‹x? (were î¦è[Ùè…)
ô¦÷±. eg: Oª·Ú-÷-J-à¦aô¢ª Î í£±ú£hÚÛÙ? Who Bhanu: Í÷±-ìª/-Ú¥ë]ª (were î¦è¯L)
gave you the book?) 11)
(What happened to your car yes- Teacher: Ð ví£øŒo ÚÛù£d÷«?
5) OªJ-í£±pè[ª do, does, did, am, is, are etc...
terday?) Pupil: Í÷±-ìª/-Ú¥ë]ª (is ô¦î¦L)
Sekhar: Did you talk to Kalyan yesterday? î¦è[ªêŸ« Ð Ú¨ÙC conversation English ö˺ Oª
Prakash: ÍC ë¯Jö˺ ÎT-ð¼-ô³ÙC. Chandra: No, I didn't (= did not) Answers:
friends êÁ practice à¶óŸªÙè…:
(It broke down yesterday.) No, I did not talk to him.
í£²JhÞ¥ Íû¦Lqì í£E-
- break
(Ú¥ô¢ª, óŸªÙvê¦õª í£E-à¶-óŸª-ÚÛ-ð¼-÷è[Ù Ú¨ÙC Ñë¯--ô¢-éõª àŸ«è[Ùè…. 1)
ö¶ë]ª. Krishna: OªÚÛª ÙD êµõªþ§? Pratima: Do you speak Tamil?
down) 6)
Pavan: (Do you know Hindi?) Pratibha: Yes, I do / No, I don't.
ÍC êŸô¢àŸ« ÎT-ð¼-꟪Ù-åªÙë¯? Mallik: Do you like cricket?
(Does it break down frequently?) Srinivas: êµMë]ª 2)
Prakash: êŸô¢àŸ« áô¢-Þœë]ª. Eìo ÷«vêŸÙ Ñìo- (No, I don't)/ Janaki: Does Venu like Tennis?
åªxÙè… ÎT-ð¼-ô³ÙC. êµõªú£ª (yes, I do). Jayanthi: Yes, he does / No, he doesn't.
(No, it doesn't (does not)). 1) 3)
Pratima:
ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 13
No clear
êÁ ÚÛ«è¯ ÎT-ð¼-÷àŸªa. Ú•ÙàµÙ Þ¥ Íô³ê¶, Oªô¢ª êŸNªüŒÙ Shyam: I want to become the CM
No, it doesn't
ÍÙç¶ à¦õª. ÷«æ°x-è¯-ê¦ô¦? Sundar: Oh, do you? Is that enough?
Pratibha: ÷«æ°x-è[ª-ê¦-ìª/- 4)
No it doesn't breakdown frequently ÍE í£²JhÞ¥
àµð§pLqì í£E-ö¶ë]ª. Madhav: No, I don't (= do not)
÷«-æ°x-è[ìª. Prabhat: Kamal left for/went to Mumbai
2) yesterday
2) I don't like cricket M. SURESAN
ÍE í£²JhÞ¥ Íì-ÚÛ\-ô¢-ö¶ë]ª. Janaki: î¶éªÚÛª çµEúà Praveen: Did he? Why?
Pradeep: Sreenivas sings well.
Ð Ú¨ÙC conversation í£J-Q-LÙ-àŸÙè…. Do, does Ïù£d÷«?(like î¦è[Ùè…) 5)
(XE-î¦úà ò°Þ¥ ð§è[-ê¦è[ª). did ö°Þ¥û¶ am, is, are, was, were õêÁ ÚÛªxí£hÙÞ¥ Jayanthi:
Prasanth: Does he?
Ïù£d-/-Ú¥ë]ª Sukumar: Our city is the best in A.P.
responses Ï÷y-÷àŸªa. 3) Suman: Oh, is it? which city is it?
(Í÷±-û¦?/-ð§-è[-ê¦è¯?) 1) Shyam:
ÏÚÛ\è[ ÚÛ«è¯ does he sing so well ÍE í£²JhÞ¥ û¶ìª ÷³Üu-÷ªÙvAE Ú¥î¦õ-ìª-Ú•Ù-åª- Sukumar: Vijayawada
Padma: Are you a teacher? û¦oìª. Suman: I don't know whether it is the
Íû¦Lqì í£E-ö¶ë]ª. Sundar:
3)
(Oªô¢ª æ©àŸô¦?) ×É˺ Íö°Þ¥? ÍC à¦ö°? best, but I know it is one of the
Prakash: Yes I am. 4)
Vinai: She scored the highest marks in last
(Í÷±ìª) hottest places.
Yes, I am a teacher Prabhat: (go /
6)
week's exam.
Íì-ÚÛ\-ô¢-ö¶ë]ª. Eìo ÚÛ÷ªöËÀ ÷³Ùò°óÀª îµü‹xè[ª
2) leave î¦è[Ùè…)
(ÞœêŸ î¦ô¢Ù í£K-¤Ûö˺ ÎÚÛª ÍÙë]J ÚÛû¦o Madan: You seem/appear to be a good fel-
Sita: Is Uma a good singer? Praveen: Íö°Þ¥? ÓÙë]ªÚÛª?
ÓÚÛª\÷ ÷«ô¢ª\õª ÷à¦aô³.) low
Alivelu: No, she isn't (= is not) 5)
Varun: Did she? Manoj: Do I? That's because of your good-
(Î Ú¥ë]ª) Sukumar:÷« Òô¢ª ÎÙvëÅ]-ví£-ë¶øÉ êŸhÙö˺
(ÏÚÛ\è[ ÚÛ«è¯ Did she score... ÍE ness.
í£²JhÞ¥ Íû¦Lqì Í÷-ú£ô¢Ù ö¶ë]ª.) 3) Þ•í£pC (best î¦è[Ùè…) 7)
Ramesh: Are you students? Suman: Íö°Þ¥? Ô Òô¢Ùè† ÍC?
Íö°¸Þ Í÷±ìª, Ú¥ë]ª í£ë¯õÚÛª ÚÛ«è¯ do, does, did Jagan & Naresh: No, we aren't/yes, we are Sukumar: Ná-óŸª-î¦è[
Mukund: Are they Indians?
Murari: No, they aren't / yes, they are
8)
ví£øŒo: ÚÛª ÷³Ùë]ª First, second, next áî¦ñª: îµ³ë]æ¨ î¦ÚÛuÙ ÚÛ·ôÚÂd Ú¥ë]ª. was
'Best' áî¦ñª: This stone was laid by somebody Nelson: Are these books your's?
Íû¶ í£ë¯õª Ñí£-óµ«-TÙ-àŸ-÷à¦a? êŸô¦yêŸ, ÍÙç¶ Ô 'be' form êŸô¦yêŸ ÚÛ«è¯, do, ÏÚÛ\è[ stone ÍÙç¶ í£±û¦-C-ô¦ô³. ÍÙç¶, Neeraj: Yes, they are all mine / No,they
– >.N.-X-ë¶N, Î÷ª-ë¯-õ-÷-õú£ go, come, walk ö°Ùæ¨ 1st RDW (1st Dams, GLfÙ-ÞÂq-ö°Ùæ¨ Eô¦t-é°õª vð§ô¢Ù-GÅÙ-à¶-å- aren't. (= are not)
Regular Doing Words) ô¦÷±. ÏÚÛ\è[ was í£±pè[ª VIPõª í£±û¦-C-ô¦ô³ î¶óŸªè[Ù / øŒÙÚÛª-þ§n-
áî¦ñª: 'First best' ÍE ÍìÙ. ÓÙë]ª-ÚÛÙç¶, do Íû¶C English Ú¥ë]ª. ·ôÙèÁ î¦ÚÛuÙ 'What í£ì à¶óŸªè[Ù.
9)
Taruni: Do you watch TV serials?
'best' ö˺û¶ first Íû¶ òÅ°÷Ù ÑÙC. next best, did he do?' ÚÛ·ôÚÂd. ÏÚÛ\è[ verb: did do = did. The CM laid the foundation stone for the Sania: Yes, I do / No, I don't (=do not)
second best, third best... Íì-÷àŸªa. Answer: He played / sang; He did not do bridge. Taruni: Are they interesting?
ví£øŒo: Interrogative sentences ö˺ helping anything ö°Þ¥ ô¦÷àŸªa. (÷³Üu-÷ªÙvA ÷Ùêµ-ìÚÛª í£±û¦-C-ô¦ô³ î¶ø‹ô¢ª / Sania: Yes, they are / No, they aren't
verbsìª Ñí£-óµ«-TÙ-à¶-å-í£±pè[ª was ví£øŒo: This stone was laid by somebody øŒÙÚÛª-þ§n-í£ì à¶ø‹ô¢ª.) 10)
ö¶ë¯ did Ôó¶ª ú£Ùë]-ô¦sÄö˺x î¦è¯L? Íû¶ î¦ÚÛuÙö˺ 'laid' ÞœªJÙ# N÷-JÙ-àŸ-Þœ- lie (present tense) (Íñë]lÄÙ àµí£pè[Ù), lied (past Bhaskar: Were they here?
Ú¨ÙC î¦Ú¥uö˺x ÔC ú£·ôj-ìëÁ êµõ-í£Ùè…. õô¢ª. Íö°¸Þ lying Íû¶, lie Íû¶ verbs tense), lied (past participle).
Bhanu: Yes, they were / No, they weren't
1) What was he do? ÚÛª, laid Íû¶ verb ÚÛª present, past, lie (present) (í£è[ª-ÚÁ-÷è[Ù, Nvø‹ÙA Bú£ª-ÚÁ- 11)
2) What did he do? past participle êµõ-í£Ùè…. lay (past), laim(past participle).
Teacher: Is this question difficult?
÷è[Ù...),
lay (present)
Pupil: Yes, it is / No it isn't
–ÓúÃ.-îµj.·Ú., õ·Úq-æ¨d-›íå – Xìª, òÅ¡vë¯-àŸõÙ (ÑÙàŸè[Ù, Þœªè[ªx-ší-ådè[Ù, øŒÙÚÛª-þ§n-
í£ì à¶óŸªè[Ù), laid (past), laid (past participle).