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I Ðû¦è[ª- øŒEî¦ô¢Ù 16 Vöµj 2005

Mohan: Hi, Manoj, How are you getting Regular Doing words (1st RDWs- go, walk
along? ö°Ùæ¨ verbs), 2nd Regular Doing Words (2nd
( óÀª ÷ªûËÁâÉÀ, Óö° Ñû¦oîËÂ?) RDWs- goes, walks verbs)
ö°Ùæ¨ vÚÛ÷ªÙ êŸí£p-
practice
ÏC ÚÛ«è¯ í£õ-ÚÛ-JÙ›í. à¶ú‡ î¦è[Ùè… ÚÛªÙè¯ áJ¸Þ î¦æ¨Ú¨ î¦è[ê¦Ù. am+ing/ is+ing/
Oª ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺x are+ing Ïí£±pè[ª áô¢ª-Þœª-꟪ìo í£ìª-õÚÛª î¦è[ê¦Ù.
Manoj: Fine. Thank you. How are you? a) I take coffee (take 1st RDW).
(ò°Þ¥û¶ Ñû¦oìª. ìª÷±y Óö° Ñû¦o÷±?) Regular-
(û¶ìª Ú¥íƈ Bú£ª-ÚÛªÙ-æ°ìª– ví£A-ôÁV
Mohan: Ok too. I am going to a movie. Why ÍC Íõ-î¦åª)
don't you come along? b) I am taking coffee.
(û¶ìª ú‡E÷«·ÚüŒ‰êŸª-û¦oìª. ìª÷±y ÚÛ«è¯ (am + ing - Ïí£±pè[ª û¶ìª coffee Bú£ªÚÛªÙ-åª-
ô¦÷àŸªa ÚÛë¯!) û¦oìª.)
Manoj: Like to. But I am going for a walk now. c) She goes to college at 10 AM.
(goes- 2nd RDW-
÷³Üu ú£«àŸì
Î Ñë]óŸªÙ 10 ÞœÙå-õÚÛª
ÚÛü‹-ø‹-õÚÛª îµüŒ‰êŸªÙC– ôÁW) magazine î¦è[Ùè…) àŸë]ª-÷±-꟪-û¦oô¢ª.
d) She is going to college. c) ìªîµyÙ-ë]ªÚÛª çµjîª waste à¶þ§h÷±? Ïí£±p-èµÙ-ë]ªÚÛª Ú•Eo verbs ìª am + ing/ is + ing/ are + ing
(is going - is ing - + Ïí£±pè[ª Î ÚÛü‹-ø‹-õÚÛª à¶ú£ªh-û¦o÷±? ô¢«í£Ùö˺ î¦è[Ù. am + ing/ are + ing/ is + ing -
îµüŒ‰-êÁÙC.) d) ví£A ôÁV Ð çµjîªڨ ìª÷±y ÓÚÛ\-è…-·Ú-üŒ-ê¦÷±? verb Ð ô¢«í£Ùö˺ Ñìoí£±pè[ª Ïí£±pè[ª áô¢ª-Þœª-꟪ìo
e) They come here on sundays. ÓÚÛ\è…Ú¨ îµüŒ‰-꟪-û¦o÷±? í£ìª-õÚÛª î¦è[ê¦Ù. Íô³ê¶ Ú•Eo verbs Nù£-óŸªÙö˺
(come - 1st RDW ÏC ví£A ÎC-î¦ô¢Ù – e) Ô ì«uúà ›íí£ô àŸë]ª-÷±-ê¦÷±? Ïí£±pè[ª Ô ì«uúà Πverbs ൛íp-í£E Ïí£±pè[ª áô¢ª-Þœª-꟪û¦o î¦æ¨E
Regular Þ¥ áJ-¸ÞC– ÎC-î¦-ô¦õª î¦üŒ‰x ÏÚÛ\-è…Ú¨ ›íí£ô àŸë]ª-÷±-꟪-û¦o÷±? am + ing/ is + ing/ are + ing forms ö˺ î¦è[Ù.
÷þ§hô¢ª.) f) ÷«÷´-õªÞ¥ ô¦vA àŸð§B AÙæ°÷± ÚÛë¯? ÐôÁV ÍÙë]ªÚÛª ñë]ªõª Regular Doing Words (love,
f) They are coming. ÍìoÙ (rice) AÙåª-û¦oî¶Ù? loves, etc.) form ö˺û¶ àµñªê¦Ù.
(are + ing - î¦üŒ‰x Ïí£±pè[ª ÷ú£ªh-û¦oô¢ª.) g) ÍêŸè[ª ÎC-î¦-ô¦õª všíÆÙèÂqE ÚÛõª-ú£ª-ÚÁè[ª. ÐôÁV am + ing/ is + ing/ are + ing from ö˺ î¦è[E
Ð ê¶è¯ English ö˺ à¦ö° ÷³ÜuÙ. Regular ÚÛõª-ú£ª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦oè[ª.

Ïí£±pè¶ áô¢ªÞœªêŸªû¦o...
actions am + ing, is + ing, are + ing verbs
ÚÛª h) Î Óí£±pè[ª êµõªÞœª ð§åö¶ ð§è[ª-꟪ÙC. Ïí£±pè[ª verbs ÷ªì ÷ªì-ú£ªÚÛª ú£ÙñÙ-CÅÙ-#ì Nù£-óŸ«-õìª
(present continuous tense) Óí£±pè[« ô¦÷±. ÷›úh ÷«vêŸÙ ÙD ð§å ð§è[ª-êÁÙC. êµL›í verbs-
ÍC êŸí£±p. i) ÍêŸìª Ú¥íƈ ê¦Þœè[ª. Ïí£±pè[ª ê¦Þœª-꟪-û¦oè[ª 1) like(Ïù£d-í£-è[è[Ù) -am liking, is liking, are lik-
ÖÚÛç¶ Þœªô¢ªhÙ-àŸª-ÚÁ-î¦L. ('take' î¦è[Ùè…). ing î¦è[Ù. ÏN î¦è¯-Lq-ì-àÁå like, likes
Regular actions ÚÛª Regular Doing Words j) ÷«÷´-õªÞ¥ ÍêŸìª ÎêÁ ÷«æ°x-è[è[ª. Ïí£±pè[ª î¦è[ê¦Ù.
(come, comes, take, takes ö°Ùæ¨N) ÷þ§hô³. ÷«æ°x-è[ª-꟪-û¦oè[ª. Kumar likes that shirt very much ÍÙæ°Ù.
coffee
û¶E-í£±pè[ª æ© Bú£ª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦oìª ÏÚÛ\è[ Answers: ÍêŸìª Ïù£d-í£-è[è[Ù Ïí£±pèµjû¦ Kumar is liking that
ò°ÞœªÙ-è[ë]ª Ú¥ñæ¨d. a) He comes punctually (always/usually). He shirt ÍìÙ.
a) Mr. Sen teaches English. 2) dislike (Ïù£dÙ-ö¶-ÚÛ-ð¼-÷è[Ù)
is coming late only today.
English
(ÎóŸª-ûµ-í£±pè[« ò˺CÅ-þ§hè[ª. ÍÙç¶ They dislike his class.
b) They usually read India Today, but now
English lecturer/teacher
I am taking Coffee ÎóŸªì Íô³-
they are reading some
î¦üŒxÚÛª ÎóŸªì Ú¥xú£ª Ïí£±pè[ª Ïù£dÙ ö¶ÚÛ-ð¼ô³û¦
ÑÙ-è¯-L/-Í-÷yàŸªa)
other magazine.
Ïö°¸Þ àµñªê¦Ù. are disliking, is disliking, am
disliking Íìo forms ô¦÷±. ÍN-êŸí£±p. î¦æ¨ ñë]ªõª
This is the time when I go for walk c) Why do you waste
dislike, dislikes ÍE ÍÙæ°Ù.
every day. time? Why are you Ïö°Ùæ¨N ÏÙÚ•Eo verbs, (am + ing, is + ing,
ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 18
(ô¦î¦-õû¶ ÑÙC. Ú¥F Ïí£±pè[ª î¦Ú¨Ù-ÞÂÚ¨ wasting time? are + ing) ö˺ î¦è[EN.
îµüŒ‰-꟪û¦o. ôÁW Ð çµjîªڨ û¶ìª î¦Ú¨Ù- d) Where do you go at 3) love - love, loves, (am/ is/ are loving
ÞÂÚ¨ îµüŒê¦) this time every day? ñë]ªõª)
Mohan: Do you walk everyday along this b) Mr. Sen is teaching English Where are you going? 4) hate - hate, hates (am/ is/ are hating
road? English
M. SURESAN
(ÎóŸªì Ïí£±pè[ª àµñª-꟪-û¦oè[ª.) e) What news paper do ñë]ªõª)
(ôÁV Ð ôÁèÂ-ö˺û¶ î¦Ú¨ÙÞ à¶þ§hî¦?) Ð ê¶è¯ English ö˺ à¦ö° ÷³ÜuÙ. you read? What news paper are you read- 5) hope - hope, hopes (am/ is/ are hoping
Manoj: No. Usually I walk along the college c) Dogs bark.
ing? ñë]ªõª)
road, but now I am walking along (ÚÛªÚÛ\õª Óí£±pè[« îµ³ô¢ª-Þœª-ê¦ô³– ÍC î¦æ¨ 6) want - want, wants (am/ is/ are wanting
f) You usually take chapathis at night. Why
this road because that road is under ûµjáÙ.) are you taking rice (now)? ñë]ªõª)
repair. d) Dogs are barking. 7) wish - wish, wishes (am/ is/ are wishing
g) He does not meet his friends on sundays,
(Ú¥ë]ª. þ§ëů-ô¢-éÙÞ¥ û¶ìª ÚÛü‹-ø‹õ (ÚÛªÚÛ\õª Ïí£±pè[ª îµ³ô¢ª-Þœª-꟪-û¦oô³– Ú•êŸh-î¦üÉÁx, ñë]ªõª)
but he is meeting them today.
ôÁèÂö˺ îµüŒ-ê¦ìª. Î ôÁèÂÚ¨ ÷ªô¢-÷ªt-꟪õª ë•ÙÞœö˺ ÷#a ÑÙè¯L) 8) desire - desire, desires (am/ is/ are desir-
Ð Ú¨ÙC î¦Ú¥u-õìª English ö˺ GÞœ_-ô¢Þ¥ prac- h) She always sings Telugu songs, but she is
à¶ú£ªh-û¦oô¢ª.) ing ñë]ªõª)
Mohan: So long (ÍÙç¶ bye ö°Þ¥ OèÁ\õª tice à¶óŸªÙè…. now singing a Hindi song.
9) envy - envy, envies(am/ is/ are envying
÷«å) see you. (÷ªSx ÚÛõª-ú£ª-ÚÛªÙë¯Ù) a) ÎóŸªì Óí£±pè[« punctual Þ¥ ÷þ§hè[ª. Ð ôÁV i) He doesn't take (does not take) coffee. He ñë]ªõª)
Manoj: Bye (òµj) ÷«vêŸÙ Ú¥ú£h Îõ-ú£uÙÞ¥ ÷ú£ªh-û¦oè[ª. is taking it now. 10) feel (Ú•Eo ú£Ùë]-ô¦sÄö˺x) feel, feels, (am/ is/
Ð ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ am going, go; walk, am b) ÷«÷´-õªÞ¥ î¦üŒ‰x ÏÙè…-óŸ«-åªè¶ àŸë]ª-÷±-ê¦ô¢ª. j) He doesn't (does not) usually talk to her, are feelingñë]ªõª).
walking ê¶è¯õª Þœ÷ª-EÙ-àŸÙè…. ÷ªìÚÛª êµõªú£ª – 1st Ð ôÁV ÷«vêŸÙ ÏÙÚÁ ÷«uÞœ-@ûË (some other but he is talking to her.

ví£øŒo: ÍêŸìª Eìo ÷#a ÑÙè[-ö¶ë]ª– Íì-è¯-EÚ¨ He when I ask him ÍE àµí£p-÷à¦a?Î AE Íì-÷àŸªa. Íô³ê¶ had áî¦ñª: 'since' ìª 'as' ñë]ªõª î¦è[-÷àŸªa. Ð
She had not come
was not come yesterday Íì-÷à¦a? ÑÙè[-ö¶ë]ª. Î ÷#a ÑÙè[-ö¶ë]ª (û¶ìª Íû¶ had + pp forms ·ôÙæ¨Ù-è…Ú© êÁè[ª because ÚÛ«è¯ î¦è[-÷àŸªa.
eaten, had come
û¶ìª îµRx-ì-í£±pè[ª ÍêŸìª ÏÙæ¨ ÷ë]l ö¶ÚÛªÙ- àŸ«ú‡-ì-í£±pè[ª). î¦è¶åí£±pè[ª ú£Ùë]-ô¦sÄEo â°vÞœêŸhÞ¥ Þœ÷ª-EÙ-à¦L. ÷´è…Ù-æ¨Ú¨ Ð ú£Ùë]-ô¢sÄÙö˺ ‘ÍÙë]ª÷-õx/ -ÓÙ-ë]ª-
èµìª– Íì-è¯-EÚ¨ ÏÙTx-ùÃö˺ He was not at ÍêŸìª Î í£E í£²Jh à¶ú‡ ÑÙè[-ö¶ë]ª (û¶ìª When I went for him, he was not at ÚÛÙ綒 ÍE Íô¢nÙ.
home, when I went for him ÍE îµRx-ì-í£±pè[ª). home- ÚÛ·ôÚÂd. Íô³ê¶ He was not complet- ví£øŒo: How long- ÍÙç¶ ÓÙêŸ-›úí£±, How far-
ÍÙæ°Ù. Íö°¸Þ û¶ìª Íè…-T-ì-í£±pè[ª ÍêŸè[ª Ïö°Ùæ¨ òÅ°î¦-õìª ÏÙTx-ùÃö˺ Óö° ed the work Íìo sentence ÚÛ·ôÚÂd Ú¥ë]ª. ÍÙç¶ ÓÙêŸ ë]«ô¢Ù ö°Þ¥û¶ ÖÚÛ ÷uÚ¨h
í£EE í£²Jh à¶ú‡ ÑÙè[-ö¶ë]ª– ÍE àµí£p-è¯-EÚ¨ àµð§pL. ë¯EÚ¨ Íô¢nÙ ö¶ë]ª. He had not completed ÓûËÁo î¦è[ª Íû¶ Íô¢nÙ ÷à¶a-ö°Þ¥ Óö°
He was not completed the work yet – ÓúÃ. ë¯ì-Ú¨-øÉÁôÂ, ÚÛô¢«oõª
Íû¦L. Íö°¸Þ She had not completed ô¦óŸ«L?
Íû¦L. êŸô¦yêŸ î¦uþ§ö˺x DE ÞœªJÙ# ÷ªJÙêŸ Ñë¯: òÅ°ô¢-êŸ-ë¶øŒ ví£ëůì ÷ªÙv꟪ö˺x
áî¦ñª: He was not come yesterday ÚÛ·ô-ÚÂd come Íû¦L. N÷-ô¢é ÑÙåªÙC. ÷ªûËÁt--ûËÂ-ú‡ÙÞ ÓûËÁo-î¦è[ª?
'be' forms (am, is ,
Ú¥ë]ª. ÏÙTxùÃö˺ Óí£±pè[« Î AE ÑÙè[-ö¶ë]ª, Î ÷#a ÑÙè[ö¶ë]ª ví£øŒo: Leave letter ô¦›ú-å-í£±pè[ª As I am – è…. ÚÛª÷«-ô¢-þ§yNª, ìõx-Þ•Ùè[
are , was, were, etc.) come, suffering from fever î¦ÚÛuÙö˺ as Ú¨
áî¦ñª: Ð ví£øŒoÚÛª ú£·ôjì î¦ÚÛuÙ ÍÙ綖
êŸô¦yêŸ (û¶ìª àŸ«ú‡-ì-í£±pè[ª).
go,ö°Ùæ¨1st Regular Doing Words ô¦÷±. ÏÚÛ\è[ û¶ìª àŸ«ú‡-ì-í£±pè[ª When I looked ñë]ªõª since î¦è[-÷à¦a? ÓûËÁo Íìo ví£øŒoÚÛª ú£·ôjì ÷«å English ö˺
Ú¥ñæ¨dHe was not come He did not
êŸí£±p. for him/her Íìª-ÚÛªÙç¶ She had not eaten;
– ÚÛOÙ-ë]ôÂ, ÷ªè…-Ú•Ùè[, ÷ô¢Ù-ÞœöËÀ ö¶ë]ª.