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I Ðû¦è[ª- ñªëÅ]î¦ô¢Ù 20 Vöµj 2005

Ravi: Hi Pavan, what do I see in that glass belongs, comprises, needs, seems, consists
there? It appears to be some juice. of, live - Oæ¨E- ÚÛ«è¯ ÏÙêŸÚÛª ÷³Ùë]ª ÷ªìÙ
(í£÷ûË ΠޥxúÃö˺ ÚÛEí‡-ú£ªh-ìo-ë¶-Nªæ¨? ÔëÁ àŸ«ú‡ì verbs am + ing/ is + ing/ are + ing
ö°Þ¥
WuúÃö° ÑÙC.) form ö˺ î¦è[Ù (ÍN êµLóŸª-⶛ú í£ìªõª áô¢ª-Þœª-꟪-
Pavan: Yea. The glass contains fresh lemon ìoC Ïí£±pèµjû¦). šíj ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£é ÷ªôÁ-þ§J vøŒë]lÄÞ¥
juice. practice à¶óŸªÙè….
(Í÷±ìª ÍÙë]ªö˺ ê¦â° E÷ªt-ô¢ú£Ù ÑÙC.)
contain = ÖÚÛ ë¯ûËÁx Ôëµjû¦ ÑÙè[è[Ù
ÔÙ êµõª-ú£ª-ÚÛªû¦oÙ?
the jug contains milk = Î áÞÂö˺ ð§õª Ñû¦oô³ ★ ÷ªì-ú£ªÚÛª ú£ÙñÙ-CÅÙ-#ì Nù£-óŸ«-õìª êµLóŸª-⶛ú
Ravi: A new bike is parked outside. Whose verbs (verbs expressing feelings and
is it? emotions).
(ñóŸªå × Ú•êŸh òµjÚ ð§ôÂ\ à¶ú‡ ÑÙC. ★ ÷ªì ñªClÄÚ¨, Îö˺-àŸ-ì-õÚÛª ú£ñÙ-CÅÙ-#ì Nù£-óŸ«õª
Ó÷-J-ë]C?) êµL›í verbs (verbs expressing actions of
Pavan: It belongs to Mahesh. He bought it the mind) Óí£±pè[« am + ing, is + ing, are + ÏÙêŸ÷ô¢ÚÛª ÷´è[ª-ô¢-Ú¥õ verbs, am + ing/ is + Answers:
the day before. ing forms ö˺ ô¦÷±. î¦æ¨E Íö° î¦è¯-Lq-ì- ing/ are + ing ö˺ î¦è[-EN àŸ«ø‹Ù. ÷ªJ-Ú•Eo 1) Every one likes that movie (is liking Ú¥ë]ª).
verbs ÚÛ«è¯ Ñû¦oô³. ÍN- êµ-õª-ú£ª-Ú•û¶ ÷³Ùë]ª Ð 2) He does not like these classes (is not lik-
(ÍC ÷ª›ï°-ùÃC. Eìo-Ú•-û¦oè[ª.) í£±pè[ª, Regular Doing Words (like, likes,
Belong = àµÙë]è[Ù Ú¨ÙC sentences ìª english ö˺ GÞœ_-ô¢Þ¥ practice ing
think, thinks) form ö˺û¶ î¦è[ê¦Ù.
Ú¥ë]ª).
3) Does she love him?
The house belongs to my uncle. ★ ·ôÙè[ª ô¢Ú¥õ verbs êÁ ð§åª šíjì àµí‡pì verbs à¶óŸªÙè….
(appear, belong, comprise, consist of, 1) ví£A-î¦üŒŠx Î ú‡E-÷«ìª Ïù£d-í£-è[ª-꟪-û¦oô¢ª. I don't (do not) know that. But he loves
2) î¦è…Ú¨ Ð Ú¥xú£ªõÙç¶ Ïù£dÙ ÑÙè[-è[Ù-ö¶ë]ª (dis-
Î Ïõªx ÷« ÷«÷ª-óŸªuC (ÎóŸª-ìÚÛª àµÙCÙC).
her.
Ravi: What's that fat book on the table? contain, live, need, seem) am + ing/
ÚÛ«è¯
like î¦è[Ùè…). Does she know that?
is + ing/ are + ing form
3) ÍêŸè…E Î v›íNª-þ¼hÙë¯?
(Î ç¶ñªöËÀ Oªë] Ñìo Î šíë]l í£±ú£hÚÛÙ ö˺ ô¦÷±. Íö° Who knows?
ÔNªæ¨?) î¦è¯Lq ÷#a-ì-í£±pè[ª Regular Doing Words
4) What do you say?/ What are you saying?

... Íö° ÍìÙ ÚÛë¯ !
Þ¥û¶ î¦è[ê¦Ù. Ð Ú¨ÙC sentences ö˺ î¦æ¨ ÍC û¦ÚÛª êµLóŸªè[Ù ö¶ë]ª. ÍêŸè[ª ÷«vêŸÙ
Why don't you (do you not) understand
î¦è[Ú¥Eo Þœ÷ª-EÙ-àŸÙè…. 'not' question
Ú¥F, Îîµªìª v›íNª-ú£ªh-û¦oè[ª.
me?
Ú¥F Íô³ê¶ do, does ÷þ§h-óŸªE êµõªú£ª ÚÛë¯? ÎÚÛª Î Nù£óŸªÙ êµõªþ§?

I understand you well. Do I appear (to be)
1) Ó÷-JÚ¨ êµõªú£ª?
4) ÔÙ àµñªêŸª-û¦oîË ìª÷±y?
î¦è[ª ÷ªÙ#î¦è…ö° ÚÛEí‡-ú£ªh-û¦oè[ª. a fool to you?'
He appears (is appearing Ú¥ë]ª) to be a
You don't (do not) seem to understand my
good fellow. ìª÷±y ìûµoÙ-ë]ªÚÛª Íô¢nÙ à¶ú£ªÚÁ-÷è[Ù ö¶ë]ª?
point.
2) Ð GLfÙÞÂq î¦üŒx-N- Ú¥÷± (= î¦üŒxÚÛª àµÙC-ìN û¶ìª Eìªo ò°Þ¥û¶ Íô¢nÙ à¶ú£ªÚÛªÙ-åªû¦o. û¶ìª Why do you think so?
Ú¥÷±). FÚÛª íÆ£²öËÀ-ö°Þ¥ ÚÛEí‡-ú£ªh- I feel so.
These buildings do not belong to them û¦oû¦? (appear
You misunderstand me. I am listening to
(are not belonging to them Ú¥ë]ª). î¦è[Ùè…). you carefully. Do you doubt my respect for
3) Î Þ¥xúÃö˺ Ô÷³ÙC? ìª÷±y û¦ ð§ô³ÙæËÀ Íô¢nÙ you?
By the way, where does Ganesh live? What does the glass contain? (What is à¶ú£ªÚÛªÙ-åª-ìoåªx ÚÛEí‡Ù- 5) Where do they live?
the glass containing ÍìÙ ÚÛë¯?) àŸè[Ù ö¶ë]ª (seem They live near the townhall.
Pavan: It contains a lot of information about 4) î¦è[Ùè…). Don't they (do they not) live near your
ò°öËÀ-ší-ûËÂö˺ Ô÷³Ù-åªÙC?
the latest versions in computers. It Íö°Þœ ÓÙë]ª-ÚÛ-ìª-ÚÛªÙ-åª- place?
comprises ten chapters. û¦o÷±? (think...so M. SURESAN They moved long ago.
(ÚÛÙí£²u-å-ôÂqÚ¨ ú£ÙñÙ-CÅÙ-#ì ê¦â° îµô¢{ìx î¦è[Ùè…. so= Íö°Þœ) Do they own the house?/ Does the house
û¦ÚÛö° ÍEí‡-þ¼hÙC (feel î¦è[Ùè…)
ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 20
belong to them?
Íê¦u-ëÅ]ª-EÚÛ ú£÷«-à¦ô¢Ù ÍÙë]ªö˺ ÑÙC.
ÍÙë]ªö˺ í£C Íëůu-óŸ«õª Ñû¦oô³.) ìª÷±y ììªo Íð§ô¢nÙ à¶ú£ªÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦o÷±. F (am/ is/ are owning Ú¥ë]ª).
comprises = include = à¶J ÑÙè[è[Ù ÷«åõª û¶ìª vøŒë]lÄÞ¥ NÙåª-û¦oìª (Íð§ô¢nÙ= 6) I want/ need some money.
Ravi: Coming to the bike, does Mahesh misunderstand). F Oªë] û¦ Þ½ô¢-î¦Eo øŒÙÚ¨-
How much do you need?
really need a bike now? He does not What does a ball pen consist of? (What is ú£ªh-û¦oî¦? (doubt....my respect for you I need at at least a thousand rupees.
go about much. a ball pen consisting of î¦è[Ùè…).
5) î¦üŒ‰x ÓÚÛ\è[ªÙ-åª-û¦oô¢ª? (live î¦è[Ùè…). Why do you need such a big amount/ so
ÍìÙ ÚÛë¯).
( òµjÚ Nù£-óŸ«-E-Ú•ë¯lÙ. ÷ª›ï°-ùÃ-Ú¨-í£±pè[ª òµjÚ 5) Î ÚÛNª-æ©ö˺ ìõªÞœªô¢ª ú£òÅ¡ªu-õª-û¦oô¢ª. much/ such a big sum/ that kind of
EáÙÞ¥ Í÷-ú£-ô¢÷«? ÓÚÛª\÷ Aô¢-Þœ-è[ª- The committee comprises four mem- î¦üŒ‰x æ®ûËÂöËÀ ë]Þœ_ô¢ ÑÙæ°ô¢ª (live î¦è[Ùè…). money?
Þœë¯?) bers/Four members comprise the commit- î¦üŒ‰x Oª ÏÙæ¨ ë]Þœ_ô¢ ÑÙè[-è[Ù-ö¶ë¯? Do you want to give or not?
Pavan: Yes, he needs it very much now. He tee. (The committee is comprising...; Four î¦ü˜x-í£±pèÁ ÍÚÛ\-è…Ú¨ ÷«J-ð¼-óŸ«ô¢ª (Óí£±pèÁ= I don't want to give/ feel like giving such a
has a new job. Marketing. He has to members are comprising... long ago, Ïõªx ÷«ô¢è[Ù= move).
ÍìÙ. êµõª-ú£ª- big amount.
move about a lot. ÚÛë¯?) Ïí£±p-è[ªìo Ïõªx î¦üŒx-ë¶û¦? (ÍÙç¶ þ»ÙêŸ÷«? 7) When did you buy the book?
6) ÍêŸìª ÓÚÛ\è[ ÑÙæ°è[ª? (E÷-ú‡-þ§hè[ª Íû¶ Íû¶ Íô¢nÙêÁ–own/ belong î¦è[Ùè…). No, I didn't (did not) buy it. I borrowed it
6) û¦ÚÛª Ú•ÙêŸ è[ñªs-Ú¥-î¦L (need/want î¦è[Ùè…).
(Ïí£±pè[ª ÍêŸ-è…Ú¨ òµjÚ à¦ö° Í÷-ú£ô¢Ù.
÷«·ô\-æ¨Ù-ÞÂö˺ Ú•êŸh ÑëÁuޜ٠÷#aÙC. Íô¢nÙêÁ). from Mahesh yesterday.
à¦ö° Aô¢-Þ¥Lq ÑÙåªÙC.) Where does he live? (Where is he living ÓÙêŸ Ú¥î¦L? (How much êÁ vð§ô¢Ù-GÅÙ- Are you reading it (now)?
Ravi: The bike seems very stylish, doesn't Ú¥ë]ª). àŸÙè…). Why are you asking that question?
it? 7) î¦Rxí£±pè[ª ÏÚÛ\è[ ÑÙåª-û¦oô¢ª (E÷-ú‡-ú£ªh-û¦oô¢ª). ÚÛFú£Ù îµô³u ô¢«ð§-óŸªõª Ú¥î¦L. (í£²Jh î¦ÚÛuÙ I want to read it.
( òµjÚ à¦ö° ÎÚÛ-ô¢{-é©-óŸªÙÞ¥ ÑÙC ÚÛë¯!) They live here (They are living here Ú¥ë]ª). àµí£pÙè…). But I don't want to give/ lend it to you.
Pavan: It comes with a package. The pack- 8) î¦Rx-í£±pè[ª ÏÚÛ\è[ ÑÙè[-è[Ù-ö¶ë]ª. ÍÙêµÙ-ë]ªÚÛª Ú¥î¦L FÚÛª? Why do you feel so/ think so?
age consists of a CD Player and a They do not live here any more (They are FÚ¨-î¦y-õE ÑÙë¯, ö¶ë¯? (want î¦è[Ùè…). Because you don't give books to me.
set of CDs. not living ÍìÙ). ÍÙêŸ šíë]l-îµ³êŸhÙ û¦Ú¨-î¦y-õE ö¶ë]ª. (ÍÙêŸ šíë]l
(Î òµjÚ ڕÙç¶ ÖÚÛ ð§u¸ÚâÉÀ ÷ú£ªhÙC. 9) û¦ÚÛª Ïí£±pè[ª F ú£ï£„óŸªÙ Í÷-ú£ô¢Ù. îµ³êŸhÙ– such a big amount/ sum/ that kind
I need your help now (am needing of money).
7) Î í£±ú£hÚÛÙ Óí£±pè[ª Ú•û¦o÷±?
ÍÙë]ªö˺ ÖÚÛ ú‡è… ›íxóŸªôÂ, Ú•Eo úˆè†õª Ú¥ë]ª).
ÑÙæ°ô³.) 10) î¦üŒx-Ú¨í£±pè[ª ÏC Í÷-ú£ô¢Ù ö¶ë]ª.
consists of = ÚÛL-T-ÑÙ-è[è[Ù They do not need it now (They are not Ú•ì-ö¶ë]ª. Eìo ÷ª›ï°ùà ë]Þœ_ô¢ ìªÙ# êµàŸªa-
The fan consists of three blades and a motor. needing Ú¥ë]ª). ÚÛªû¦oìª (í£±ú£hÚÛÙ, è[ñªs, ÏÙÚ•-ÚÛJ ë]Þœ_ô¢ êµàŸªa-
(ðƧuûËÂÚÛª ÷´è[ª ò¶xèÂõª, ÖÚÛ îµ«æ°ô ÑÙæ°ô³.) 11) ÍC ÎÚÛª Ïí£±pè[ª ÓÙë]ªÚÛª Í÷-ú£ô¢Ù? ÚÁåÙ– borrow from).
Ravi: By the way, where does Ganesh live? Why does she need it now? (Why is she ìªNy-í£±pè[ª ë¯Eo àŸë]ª-÷±-꟪-û¦oî¦? ví£øŒo: ÖÚÛ ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ He wants to talk you,
(÷ªJ Þœé¶ùà ÓÚÛ\è[ ÑÙæ°è[ª?) needing it Ú¥ë]ª). ÓÙë]ªÚÛª Íè[ªÞœªêŸªû¦o÷± Î ví£øŒo? Sir. ÍE àŸC-î¦ìª. Ú¥F He wants to
(By the way - Ð ÷«åìª topic ÷«ô¢a-è¯-EÚ¨ 12) î¦è[ª ë]ªô¦t-ô¢ª_-è…ö° ÚÛEí‡-ú£ªh-û¦oè[ª. talk to you, Sir ÍE ÑÙè¯L ÚÛë¯!
û¶ìª àŸë]-î¦-õ-ìª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦oìª.
ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ î¦è[ê¦Ù. êµõª-Þœªö˺ ÷ªJ, Í÷±ìª ÍE
ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ topic ÷«¸ôa÷³Ùë]ª î¦è¶ NëÅ]ÙÞ¥.)
He seems (is seeming ô¦ë]ª) to be a bad
fellow.
Ú¥F û¶ìª FÚÛª Ïî¦yõìª-ÚÁ÷è[Ù ö¶ë]ª (í£±ú£hÚ¥Eo – ¸ôÿ§t ô¦âÉÀ, Nø‹-Ü-í£åoÙ
Pavan: He lives quite nearby. 13) ÍêŸè[ª ë¯Ùæ˺x Îú£-Ú¨hÞ¥ ö¶è[ª. Ï÷yè[Ù= lend). áî¦ñª: 'talk' êŸô¦yêŸ 'to' Ú¥F 'with' Ú¥F êŸí£pÚÛ
(ÏÚÛ\-è…Ú¨ ë]Þœ_-ôÁxû¶ ÑÙæ°è[ª.) He does not seem to be interested in it (is
ÓÙë]ªÚÛª Íö° Íìª-ÚÛªÙ-åª-û¦o÷±? ÑÙè¯L. 'talk you, Sir' êŸí£±p. talk to you, Sir
Ð ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ verbs- see, appears, contains, not seeming ô¦ë]ª). ìª÷±y í£±ú£hÚ¥õª û¦Ú¨-÷y÷± Ú¥ñæ¨d. ÚÛ·ôÚÂd.