You are on page 1of 1

I Ðû¦è[ª- Þœªô¢ªî¦ô¢Ù 28 Vöµj 2005

Krishna: Hi Nikhila, How are you? Ð be forms ÍEo-Ùæ¨Ú© #÷ô¢ 'be' ô¦÷è[Ù Þœ÷ª-EÙ-
(óÀª E"õ, Óö° Ñû¦oîËÂ?) àŸÙè….
Nikhila: Fine, thank you, How go your stud- have been, has been, had been, shall have
ies? been, should have been, will have been,
(ò°Þœª-û¦oìª. ìª÷±y Óö° àŸë]ª-÷±-꟪-û¦o÷±?) would have been, may have been, might
Krishna: Studying well. My brother was
have been, can have been, could have been,
come yesterday.
must have been, need have been, ought have
Nikhila: Was come? Look here, Krishna, we
been, dare have been
never use verb forms like was
come. That isn't English. Ð be forms #÷-ô¢-õ-EoÙ-æ¨Ú© been ô¦÷è[Ù Þœ÷ª-EÙ-
(was come vÚ¨óŸª ô¢«ð§Eo ÷ªìÙ Ñí£- àŸÙè….
óµ«-TÙàŸÙ. ÍC ÏÙTxùà ڥë]ª.) šíj÷Fo 'be' forms. Oå-Eo-æ¨Ú© Íô¢nÙ ‘ÑÙè[è[Ù’ Íû¶ can sing- verb - can + sing (1st RDW)
Krishna: ë¯ûËÁx ꟛíp-÷³ÙC? ë¯EÚ¨ ú£ÙñÙ-CÅÙ# ÑÙåªÙC. Oæ¨ö˺x Ú•Eoæ¨ î¦è[ÚÛÙ (ÍêŸìª ÏÚÛ\è[ Eìo àŸ«è[ñè¯fè[ª).
Nikhila: Oª vñë]ô Eìo ÷à¦a-è[E ÚÛ믖 ìª÷yÙ-åª- ÷ªìÙ àŸ«ø‹Ù. šíj î¦æ¨-ì-EoÙæ¨F ÷ªìÙ àµð§p-õ-ìª- Íö° Oæ¨ö˺x ë¶E í£ÚÛ\-ûµjû¦ 1st RDW î¦è…ê¶ verb b) All kinds of books are sold here.
Í÷±-꟪ÙC. (verb - passive
û¦o÷±. ÏÚÛ\è[ was come ÍE verb ÚÛªû¶ Íô¦nEo ñæ¨d independent Þ¥ î¦è[-÷àŸªa. Þœ÷ª-EÚÛ: 'shall, will, should, would, etc 'be'
ÏÚÛ\è[ ÍEo ô¢Ú¥õ í£±ú£hÚ¥õª Í÷ªt-
He is here.
î¦è¯÷±. ÍC êŸí£±p. English ö˺ verb ÚÛª ñ-è[-ê¦ô³).

Íú£õª ú£ÙÞœA Î ÎJÙæ¨ö˺û¶!


forms Ú¥÷±. shall, should, will, would, etc., c) The film will be released next week.
(verb- passive ú‡E÷« ÷à¶a-î¦ô¢Ù Nè[ª-ë]õ
à¶óŸª-ñ-è[ª-꟪ÙC).
ÖÚÛ\ VI form of the verb ÷«vêŸî¶ª passive.
NªÞœê¦ forms ÍFo active voice. êµõª-Þœªö˺
÷ªìÙ passive voice ë¯ë¯í£± î¦è[Ù ÚÛë¯! ÍÙç¶
÷ªìÙ ÏÙæ˺x ‘Í÷«t’ ÍìoÙ ÷Ùè[ñè…Ùë¯ ÍìÙ.
Ú•åªdÚÛª îµRx Ð í£±ú£hÚÛÙ ÏÚÛ\è[ Í÷ªt-ñ-è[ª-꟪Ùë¯
Îô¢ª ô¢«ð§õª Ñû¦oô³. Îô¢ª ô¢«ð§ö˺x They could be here yesterday itself.
í£ÚÛ\ì 'be' Ñìo-í£±pè¶ ÍN 'be' forms Íìo ÍìÙ. spoken telugu ö˺ passive voice î¦è[Ù.
Nù£óŸªÙ Þœªô¢ªhÙ-àŸª-ÚÁ-î¦L. English ö˺ ÚÛ«è¯ ÓÙêŸ êŸÚÛª\÷Þ¥ î¦è…ê¶ ÷ªì
ÔëÁ ÖÚÛ ô¢«í£Ùö˺ verb ö¶ÚÛ-ð¼ê¶, ÍC She might be dangerous, etc.
English Ú¥ë]ª. V form (verb Íô³ëÁ ô¢«í£Ù) òÅ°ù£ ÍÙêŸ simple Þ¥ ú£ï£°-áÙÞ¥ ÑÙåªÙC.
II form (verb ·ôÙèÁ ô¢«í£Ù) conversational ease ÑÙåªÙC.
(à¦ö° ÷ªÙC ð§ôÈ¢-ÚÛªõª, was come, has going,

}
have, has, had, shall have, àŸ«ø‹ô¢ª ÚÛë¯ English verb Óí£±pè[« šíj singu-
ö°Ùæ¨ verbs ÚÛ·ôÚ¥d, Ú¥ë¯ ÍE ÍE Íè[ª-Þœª-꟪ìo ví£øŒo- 'be' form+ ...ing form verb, 'be' should have, will have,
ÍÙç¶ Ôëµjû¦ lar forms ö˺ ÔëÁ ÖÚÛ ô¢«í£Ùö˺ ÑÙè¯L. ö¶ÚÛ-ð¼ê¶
õ-Eo-æ¨Ú© Ð lesson Ñí£-óµ«-Þœ-í£-è[ª-꟪ÙC. â°vÞœ-êŸhÞ¥ form '...ing' form (going, coming, would have, can have, + past
àŸë]-÷Ùè…, Þœªô¢ªhÙ-àŸª-ÚÁÙè…, practice à¶óŸªÙè…, Oª
êŸô¦yêŸ Ôëµjû¦ Oªô¢ª ÷«æ°x-è¶C sentence Ú¥ë]ª. Íö° ÷«æ°x-è…ê¶
singing, dancing etc., ö°Ùæ¨-N)êÁ ÷ú£ªhÙC. could have, may have, participle êŸí£±p. Ïí£±pè[ª àŸ«è[Ùè…–
ú£ÙòÅ°-ù£-éö˺ î¦è[Ùè….) Kumar is writing. might have, must have, He was come.
÷ªìÚÛª Spoken English ÚÛù£d÷ª-E-í‡Ù-à¶C, êŸí£±põª verb: is (be form) + writing (ing form)] ought have, dare have ÏÚÛ\è[ verb Ô÷ª-î¦yL?
ඛúD verb Nù£-óŸªÙ-ö˺û¶. She has been singing for the past one hour. need have was come - (was (be form) + come (1st
verb ÍÙç¶ êµõªú£ª ÚÛë¯? subject ÑÙè¶ ú‡nAE verb- has been singing
ÏÚÛ\è[ ÏN ÚÛ«è¯ be formsÚ¥÷±. Oæ¨ö˺x ë¶E í£ÚÛ\-ûµjû¦ RDW)
has been ('be' form) + singing (ing)form 'been'Ñìo-í£±pè¶ ÍC 'be' form
Í÷±-꟪ÙC. be form + 1st RDW-
verb sentences
šíj ö˺, 'be' form + ing form shall have been - ÏC 'be' form. six forms of verb form
ö˺, Ð ö¶ë]ª. Ú¥ñæ¨d
ô¢«í£Ùö˺ ÑÙC ÚÛë¯. Íö°¸Þ– shall have -
ÏC 'be' form
Ú¥ë]ª. He was come- sentence Ú¥ë]ª.
They could be going there. Past Participle (PP)ÍÙç¶ êµõªú£ª ÚÛë¯? was come = was (be
could be (be form) + going (ing form). (PP) form) + come (past par-
go went gone ticiple)
see saw seen be form + past participle
do did done ÏC passive voice verb

ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 24 like liked


talk talked
liked
talked
Í÷àŸªa ÚÛë¯ Íû¶ ú£Ùë¶ï£°Ù
OªÚÛª ô¦÷àŸªa. ÏÚÛ\è[
verb, V form have, has, had,
ö˺ šíjì àŸ«í‡Ù-#ì ÷³Üu-iì Nù£óŸªÙ come,
III form (verb ÷´èÁ ô¢«í£Ù) shall have, should have, etc., ö°Ùæ¨ î¦æ¨ go, walk, sit ö°Ùæ¨ verbs M. SURESAN
í£ÚÛ\ì past participle à¶J›úh Îcombination- ÚÛª passive voice ÑÙè[ë]ª.
Doing Words Oæ¨E ÷ªìÙ êµõª-ú£ª-Ú•E Ñû¦oÙ verb ÚÛª Ó÷-JE, ë¶EE ÍE ví£øŒo-î¶-óŸªÙè… Answer
verb Í÷±-꟪ÙC.
ÚÛë¯. eg: He has seen me. ÷›úh passive ÑÙåªÙC. Answer ô¦ÚÛ-ð¼ê¶ pas-
1st Regular 2nd Regular Past verb: has seen - has + past participle (PP) sive ÑÙè[ë]ª.
Doing word Doing word Doing Word She will have gone by then. They came yesterday.
come comes came verb: will have gone- will have + gone (PP) verb came.
ÏÚÛ\è[ DE Íô¢nÙ– ‘÷à¦aô¢ª’ ÍE. Ó÷-
sing sings sang They should have done it. JE ÷à¦aô¢ª? ë¶EE ÷à¦aô¢ª? Íû¶ ví£øŒo-õÚÛª
do does did should have done - should have + done (PP) 'Answer' ô¦ë]ª. Ú¥ñæ¨d Oæ¨Ú¨ passive ÑÙè[ë]ª.
talk talks talked Ïö° NªÞœê¦ î¦æ¨êÁ ÚÛ«è¯. Íë¶ He writes books ö˺ 'writes' verb. ÍÙç¶
like likes liked Íô¢nÙ ‘ô¦þ§hè[ª’ ÍE. ë¶EE ô¦þ§hè[ª? ÍÙç¶ ‘í£±ú£h-
VI form (verb ÎôÁ ô¢«í£Ù) Ú¥õª’ Íû¶ answer ÷ú£ªhÙC. DEÚ¨ passive êŸí£pÚÛ
smell smells smelt

Fine, thank you, How go your studies? Þœªô¢ªh à¶ú£ªÚÛªÙë¯Ù! 'be' form + past participle
ÔëÁ ÖÚÛ 'be' form past participle
í£ÚÛ\ì Ôëµjû¦
ÑÙåªÙC. Books are written by him ÍE pas-
sive àµí£p-÷àŸªa.
(state of being ÍÙç¶ ÑÙè[è[Ù) Ú¥F, subject ඛú Regular actions- vÚÛ÷ªÙ êŸí£p-ÚÛªÙè¯ áJ¸Þ í£ìª- (PP)÷›úh ÍC verbÍ÷±-꟪ÙC.
í£EE (action) Ú¥F êµLóŸª-â¶-ú£ªhÙC. õÚÛªI, we, you, they 1st Regular Doing
Íô³ê¶ a) He was seen there yesterday.
Eg: He is here. word (1st RDW); He, She, It 2nd RDW
Íô³ê¶ verb: was seen- was (be form) + seen
ÍêŸ-E-ÚÛ\è[ Ñû¦oè[ª. î¦è[ê¦Ù. Oæ¨êÁnot Questions
Ú¥F, ö˺ Þ¥F (PP).
ÏÚÛ\è[ verb 'is' ÑÙè[-è¯Eo êµõªí£±-꟪ÙC. Íô³ê¶ 1st RDW 'do', 2nd RDW
êÁ 'does'
êÁ b) The snake has been killed.
Sunitha works hard. î¦è[ê¦Ù. ÏN ÷ªìÚÛª êµõªú£ª ÚÛë¯. Íö°¸Þ Past verb: has been killed, has been (be form) +
Doing Word ìª ÞœêŸÙö˺ Ô çµjîªö˺ áJ-TÙëÁ êµL- killed (PP).
ví£øŒo: Were you there then yesterday?
ú£ªFêŸ ÚÛù£dí£è… í£E-à¶-ú£ªhÙC.
ÏÚÛ\è[ verb 'works' í£EE (action) êµõªí£±-êÁÙC ú‡- ÑÙç¶ Íåª-÷Ùæ¨actions Past
ÚÛª î¦è[ê¦Ù. c) It can be done.
ÚÛë¯! Doing Word not
E êÁ Ú¥F, Questions êÁ Ú¥F verb: can be done- can be (be form) + done
Eìo Oªô¢ª Íí£±pè[ª ÍÚÛ\è[ Ñû¦oô¦?
English ö˺ verb ÚÛª Îô¢ª ÚÛ#aêŸ-iì ô¢«ð§õª î¦è…ê¶ did ÷ú£ªhÙC. ÏC ÚÛ«è¯ OªÚÛª êµõªú£ª. (PP)
Ïö° ô¦óŸª-÷à¦a?
Ñû¦oô³. Þœªô¢ªhÙ-àŸª-ÚÁÙè…. Oªô¢ª Oª sentence ö˺ d) He had been killed before he was thrown
IV form (verb û¦õªÞÁ ô¢«í£Ù) on the railway track.
– N. û¦ô¦-óŸª-é-·ôè…f, Të]l-õ«ô¢ª
î¦è¶ verb ÷ªìÙ àŸ«è[-òËºó¶ª Îô¢ª ô¢«ð§ö˺x (six
shall, will, should, would, verbs: had been killed - had been (be form) áî¦ñª: ô¦óŸª-÷àŸªa.
}
forms) ö˺ ÔëÁ ÖÚÛ ô¢«í£Ùö˺ ÑÙè[-ÚÛ-ð¼ê¶ Oª sen-
tence correct Ú¥ë]ª. ÏÚÛ àŸ«è[Ùè…. can, could, may, might, + 1st RDW + killed (PP); ví£øŒo: ÖÚÛ î¦ô¦h-í£-vA-ÚÛö˺ ÷ªï‡°-ü‹-¸ÞóŸª ô¢àŸô³êŸE
must, need, ought, dare was thrown- was (be form) + thrown (PP). poet ÍE ú£Ùò˺-CÅÙ-à¦ô¢ª. poetess Íû¦L
I form of the verb (verb îµ³ë]æ¨ ô¢«í£Ù) Ð VI form of verb ÚÛª ÖÚÛ ví£ê¶u-ÚÛêŸ ÑÙC. Ð
I shall go there tomorrow. ÚÛë¯.
'be' forms verb form- 'be form + past participle'. Ð
verb- shall go.
– ·Ú. û¦Þœ-àµj-êŸìu, ð§óŸª-ÚÛ-ô¦÷±›íå
verb PASSIVE VOICE
áî¦ñª: English ö˺ ô¦ì« ô¦ì« gender dif-
ÏÚÛ\è[ DE ô¢«í£Ù–
am, is, are, was, were, shall be, should be, shall + go (1st Regular Doing Word)
ô¢«í£Ùö˺ Ñìo Óí£±pè[«
will be, would be, can be, could be, may be, ö˺ ÑÙåªÙC. verb- English passive voice
ö˺
Srinu will help me. ference (LÙÞœ-òŶë]Ù) ð§æ¨Ù-àŸè[Ù êŸT_-ð¼-êÁÙC.
might be, must be, ought be, dare be, need verb: will help- will + help (1st RDW)
ö˺ Ñìoí£±pè[ª êµõª-Þœªö˺ ‘ñè[ª’ ÍE Íô¢nÙ ÷ú£ªhÙC. poet ÚÛ÷ô³v꟪õÚÛ« î¦è[è[Ù þ§ëů-ô¢-é-÷ª-÷±-êÁÙC.
be a) He was seen here yesterday.
They can sing. êŸí£±p ö¶ë]ª ÍÙåª-û¦oô¢ª.