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I Ðû¦è[ª- øŒEî¦ô¢Ù 30 Vöµj 2005

Sasank: Where is your brother, Radha? 4. (C)


(ô¦ëů, Oª vñë]ô ÓÚÛ\è[?) 5. (W) Correct form: The snake has
Radha: He coming slowly. I seen him a few been/had been/will have been (any
minutes ago. such 'be' form) + killed.
(ÍêŸìª Eë¯-ìÙÞ¥ ÷ú£ªh-û¦oè[ª. Ú•Cl ENª- 6. (W) Correct form: The book is/ was/
ÿ§õ Ú¨Ùë]å ÍêŸè…E àŸ«ø‹) has/ been (any be form) + stolen
Sasank: Look here, Radha. Your words, 'He 7. (W) Correct form: The class is/ was/ will
coming slowly', and 'I seen him a be going on.
few minutes ago' are not sentences
8. (W) Correct form: We have/ had/ will
because there are no verbs in them,
have etc. + known him
they don't have complete meaning.
9. (C) - Past Doing Word
(F ÷«åö˺x 'he coming slowly', 'I
10. (C) - has been + killed (PP) - Passive vÚÛ÷ªÙ-êŸ-í£p-ÚÛªÙè¯ ÑÙè[-è¯Eo Ú¥F àµñªê¦ô³. õìª êµL›í verbs - like, love etc.)
seen him a few minutes ago'
voice am- I êÁ; he, she, it- is êÁ; you, we, II) verbs expressing actions of the mind.
verbs
î¦Ú¥uõª Ú¥÷±. î¦æ¨ö˺x ö¶÷±.
verbs ÚÛ·ô-ÚÂdÞ¥ form à¶ú‡-ì-í£±pè¶ ÷ªì sen- they- are êÁ ÷þ§hô³. (÷ªì ñªClÄÚ¨, Îö˺-àŸ-ìõÚÛª ú£ÙñÙ-CÅÙ-#ì
î¦æ¨Ú¨ Íô¢nÙ í£²Jh Ú¥ö¶ë]ª ÚÛë¯)
tences II) was, were ÞœêŸÙö˺ ÑÙè[-è¯Eo àµñªê¦ô³. verbs - know, understand etc.)
Radha: But 'coming' and 'seen' are verbs. ÚÛ·ô-ÚÛd-÷±-ê¦ô³ ÚÛë¯. ÏÙêŸ÷ô¢ÚÛ« ÷ªìÙ
III) shall be, will be òÅ¡N-ù£u-꟪hö˺ ÑÙè[è¯Eo
Why to doubt that? û¶ô¢ªaÚÛªìo-ë¶Ùæ¨? III) certain other verbs like appear, belong
a) subject - sentence ë¶EE ÞœªJÙ# àµñª-êÁÙëÁ
(coming, seen verbs ÚÛë¯?, Íìª- àµñªê¦ô³. etc.
IV) have been (I, We, You, TheyêÁ), has
÷«ìÙ ë¶EÚ¨?) ÍC. been (he, she, itêÁ) ÞœêŸÙö˺ Óí£pæ¨
Sasank: 'coming' is only an 'ing' form, and b) Verb - sentence ö˺ subject êŸô¦yêŸ Ô
'seen' is just a past participle. In our ÷«-å/-÷«-åõª ö¶ÚÛ-ð¼ê¶ sentence ÑÙè[ëÁ ìªÙàÁ, Ïí£pæ¨÷ô¢ÚÛªÞ¥E, ÏÙÚ¥-Þ¥F ÑÙè[-

Íô¢nÙ ÍÙê¦ ÍÙë]ªö˺û¶!


last article, we have seen the six ÍC/-ÍN verb. è¯Eo àµñªê¦ô³.
forms of verbs.
šíj÷Fo ÑÙè[-è¯Eo ൛íp 'be' forms.

a) 'be' form + ing form is a verb c) English verb six forms ö˺ ÔëÁ ÖÚÛ form f) subject action
ඛú í£ìª-õìª êµLóŸª-⶛ú î¦æ¨E
b) 'be' form/ have/ has/ will have/ ö˺ ÑÙè¯L. words ÍÙæ°Ù. Oæ¨ö˺x1st Regular Doing
shall have etc + past participle is d) English ö˺ statement ÚÛª (ÔëÁ ÖÚÛ Words (come, go, take, sit verbs - I,
ö°Ùæ¨
a verb. Nù£óŸªÙ ൛íp sentence) , question ÚÛª we, you, they 2nd Regular
êÁ î¦è[ê¦Ù),
(coming Íû¶C ¸Ú÷õÙ 'ing' form, + order of words ö˺ à¦ö° ê¶è¯ ÑÙåªÙC. Doing Words (comes, goes, takes, sits
seen Íû¶C past participle- ing i) Statement structure: subject + verb ö°Ùæ¨ verbs - He,
Oæ¨E
form ÷³Ùë]ª 'be' form ÑÙç¶ verb
Í÷±- ii) Question structure: She, It êÁ î¦è[ê¦Ù)
꟪ÙC. + past participle÷³Ùë]ª 'be' 1) verb + subject vÚÛ÷ªÙ êŸí£p-ÚÛªÙè¯ áJ¸Þ
form Ú¥F have/ has/ had/ shall have Regular Actions ÚÛª Ñí£-
÷Ùæ¨N ÑÙç¶ verbÍ÷±-꟪ÙC. Ï÷Fo óµ«-Tþ§hÙ. There are no verbs in your sentences
÷ªìÙ Ú¨Ùë]æ¨ î¦uú£Ùö˺ àŸ«ø‹Ù.) i) 1st Regular Doing
Radha: So, you say a sentence in English Word Question
ìª ö˺ IV) verbs of sense perception.

ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 25
must have a verb- one of the six not
Þ¥E, êÁÞ¥F î¦è…ê¶ (ò°›ï°uÙvCóŸ«õ í£ìª-õÚÛª ú£ÙñÙ-CÅÙ# am/
forms we saw in last article. do ÷ú£ªhÙC. M. SURESAN is/ are ing ÑÙè[÷±. am/ is/ are looking,
(ÍÙç¶English sentence correct Þ¥ ii) 2nd Regular Doing listening î¦è[-÷àŸªa.)
ÑÙè¯-õÙç¶ ÞœêŸ î¦uú£Ùö˺ N÷-JÙ-#ìåªxÞ¥ 2) 1st word of the verb + subject + Word Question
ìª not ö˺ޥE, êÁÞ¥F V) have ÚÛª Aìè[Ù/ ê¦Þœè[Ù Íô¢nÙ Íô³ê¶ am
verb Îô¢ªô¢«ð§ö˺x ÖÚÛæ¨Þ¥ ÑÙè¯L.) other words of the verb. (verb ö˺ î¦è…ê¶does ÷ú£ªhÙC. having/ is having/ are having î¦è[÷àŸªa.
Sasank: That's right g) Past Doing Words (came, went, took, sat
·ôÙè[ª ÷´è[ª ÷«å-õªÙç¶...) NªÞœê¦ Íô¦n-õêÁ am/ is/ are having î¦è[Ù.
Questions ·ôÙè[ª ô¢Ú¥õª:
(Í÷±ìª) ö°Ùæ¨ verbs) ÞœêŸÙö˺ Ôçµj-îªö˺ áJ-TÙD êµL›úh Bath ÚÛª am/ is/ are having î¦è[ê¦Ù.
Ú¨ÙCî¦æ¨ö˺x correct verbs ìª ÞœªJhÙ-àŸÙè…. Íåª-÷Ùæ¨ í£ìª-õÚÛª î¦è[ê¦Ù.
1) 'Wh' questions- what, when, etc., Past Doing Word ìª not êÁÞ¥E, Question i) English verbs six forms ö˺ ÑÙæ°ô³. Î
verb correct Íô³ê¶ brackets ö˺ (c) ô¦óŸªÙè…. êÁ
êŸí£p-ô³ê¶ (w) šíådÙè…. verb form correct Ú¥ÚÛ- vð§ô¢Ù-òÅ¡÷ªó¶ªuN. êÁÞ¥F î¦è…ê¶ did ÷ú£ªhÙC. six forms ö˺ ö¶E î¦æ¨E verbs ÍìÙ.
ð¼ê¶, correct verb formô¦óŸªÙè…. verb correct 2) Non 'wh' questions- what, when etc šíjì àµí‡pìî¶ Ú¥ÚÛªÙè¯ Ú•Eo vocabulary items
h) am + ing/ is + ing/ are + ing form (be form
Íô³ê¶ ÍC Ô form verb Í÷±-꟪ÙëÁ ô¦óŸªÙè…. ö¶EN. Ô ô¢ÚÛ-iû¦subject ÷³Ùë]ª + ing form) verbs Ïí£±pè[ª áô¢ª-Þœª-꟪ìo í£ìª-õÚÛª ÚÛ«è¯ êµõªú£ª-ÚÛªû¦oÙ. ÷ªìÙ ëµjìÙ-Cì @N-êŸÙö˺
eg: verb verb
Ú¥E, îµ³ë]-æ¨-÷«å Ú¥F ÑÙè… î¦è¶ ÷ú£ªh-÷±õÚÛª, ÷ªì ÏÙæ¨Ú¨, Cì-àŸ-ô¢uõÚÛª, ÷ªìÚÛª
subject, verb
î¦è[ê¦Ù.
1) He was do it (W) êŸô¦yêŸ Î êŸô¦yêŸ NªÞœê¦ Íô³ê¶ Ïí£±pè[ª áô¢ª-Þœª-꟪ìo í£ìª-õìª àµí£p- ÷«÷´-õªÞ¥ ÷à¶a áñªs-õÚÛª, ÏêŸô¢ ò°ëÅ]-õÚÛª, ÷ªì-
He was doing it (C) ÷«åõª ÷þ§hô³. è¯E·Újû¦, Ú•Eo ô¢Ú¥õ verbs ìª am + ing/ is + ÚÛ-ë]-L-ÚÛõÚÛª English ÷«åõª êµõª-ú£ª-ÚÛªû¦oÙ.
He did it. e) verbs ö˺ ÑÙè[-è¯Eo ൛íp verbs ìª 'be'
ing/ are + ing form ö˺ î¦è[Ù. ÍN– DE-êÁ-ò°åª Ú•Eo principles of pronunciation
2) She looking at it (W) forms ÍÙæ°Ù.
I) verbs expressing feelings and emotions. (English Ñà¦a-ô¢é ú£«vê¦õª) ÚÛ«è¯ êµõªú£ª-ÚÛªû¦oÙ.
She is/was/any be form looking at it. (C) I) am, is, are - ví£ú£ªhêŸÙ ÑÙè[-è¯Eo Ú¥E,
(òÅ°î¦-õìª, ÷ªì-ú£ªÚÛª ú£ÙñÙ-CÅÙ-#ì Nù£-óŸ«-
3) They have seen me (C)
(have + past participle)
Exercise:
ví£øŒo: 1) The match is to start. î¦ÚÛuÙö˺ ÷´èÁ î¦ÚÛuÙö˺ ÚÛÙç¶ vð§ô¢Ù- a) ví£ú£ªhêŸÙö˺ ÷«vêŸî¶ª ÑÙå« òÅ¡N-ù£u-êÂö˺
2) The match is going to start. òÅ¡÷ªó¶ªu ÷u÷CÅ êŸÚÛª\÷. ö¶E ú£Ùë¶-Eo ÷uÚÛhí£J-à¶Ù-ë]ªÚÛª 'might'
1. They know me.
2. She seen him.
3) The match is about to start. ví£øŒo: One word substitutions ÍÙç¶ î¦è[ê¦Ù.
Oæ¨ ÷ªëÅ]u ê¶è¯ ÔNªæ¨? Oæ¨E êµõª- eg: Hari might help you.
3. They are take coffee.
ÔNªæ¨? Oæ¨E Óö° Ñí£-óµ«-T-þ§hôÁ
4. She will help him.
Þœªö˺ Óö° àµð§pL. êµL-óŸª-â¶-óŸª-Þœ-õô¢ª. might E ÓEo (J FÚÛª ú£ï£„óŸªÙ à¶óŸª-÷àŸªa/ à¶þ§h-
5. The snake been killed. – Ú•í£±põ ô¢N-ÚÛª-÷«ôÂ, ÷ô¢Ù-ÞœöËÀ ú£Ùë]-ô¦sÄö˺x Ñí£-óµ«-T-þ§hô¢ª? è¶îµ«– ú£Ùë¶ï£°Ù)
6. The book stolen. áî¦ñª: – è…. ô¢OÙ-ë]ô ·ôè…f, áìÞ¥Ù They might leave tomorrow.

7. The class going on. 1) The match is to start- áî¦ñª: Ú•Eo ÷«åõ ÚÛ«ô¢ªp Ïà¶a Íô¦nEo
DE Íô¢nÙ (î¦üŒ‰x ¸ôí£± îµü‹h-¸ô/ îµüŒx-÷àŸªa –
8. We known him. match vð§ô¢ÙòÅ¡ÙÚ¥î¦L/ Í÷±-꟪ÙC êµLóŸªâ¶›ú ÖÚÛ ÷«åìª one word substi-
ú£Ùë¶ï£°Ù).
9. They saw him yesterday. Past ö˺ ú£Ùë¶-Eo ÷uÚÛh-í£-ô¢-àŸ-è¯-EÚ¨, 'might'
Ú¥›úqí£æ˺x ÍE. ÏÙêŸ-÷-ô¢ÚÛª Í÷-ö¶ë]ª ÍE. tute (one word substitution Ú¥ë]ª)
10. The snake has been killed. 2) The match is about to start- Ú•Cl î¦è[ê¦Ù. Ð Ú¨ÙC î¦æ¨E ð¼õaÙè…–
ÍÙæ°Ù. a) I think he may help me.
Answers: ¤Ûé°ö˺x match vð§ô¢Ù-òÅ¡-÷ª-÷±êÁÙC ÍE. eg: one who does not believe that god
3) The match is going to start- match exists.
(î¦è[ª û¦ÚÛª ú£ï£„óŸªÙ à¶þ§h-è¶--ìE/
1. (C) I Regular Doing Word. (ë¶÷±-è[ª-û¦o-è[E ì÷ªtE î¦è[ª – û¦ú‡h-
vð§ô¢ÙòÅ¡Ù Ú¥ìªÙC. àµóŸªu-÷-àŸaE û¶ì-ìª-ÚÛªÙ-åªû¦o.)
2. (W) Correct form: She has/ will have/ ÚÛªè[ª) Ð ÷«åõ îµ³êŸhÙ Íô¦nEo êµL›í Ö¸Ú
·ôÙèÁî¦ÚÛuÙ about to start ö˺ ÷u÷CÅ à¦ö° b) I thought he might help me.
would have + seen him ÷«å – atheist (ÓóÀª-CÇ-ô³úÃd). Ú¥ñæ¨d (î¦è[ª û¦ÚÛª ú£ï£„-óŸªÙ- à¶-þ§h-è¶--ìE/
3. (W) Correct form: They are taking cof- êŸÚÛª\÷. ÏÚÛ\è[ 'atheist' Íû¶C one word substi-
fee. ÷´èÁî¦ÚÛuÙö˺ vð§ô¢ÙòÅ¡Ù Ú¥ò˺-êÁÙC. ·ôÙèÁ tute.
àµóŸªu-÷-àŸaE Íìª-ÚÛªû¦o past).