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This chapter contains the summary of findings, conclusions and recommendations of this study.
SUMMARY The researchers come up with the study safety and health practices of the employees/workers of Mindanao Container Terminal of Philippine Veterans Investment Development Cooperation. The researchers wanted to know and inquire the safety and practices of the employees concerning the biological and socio-cultural factors, environment factors and health and medical history. The statistical treatment used for these problems are frequency and percentage and the mean method. The researchers made use of Slovin’s formula with a margin of 0.9 or 90% and obtain in number of respondents of 60.
Findings The researchers come up with the following findings: 1. This simply indicates that majority or forty percent (40%) of the respondents employed are in the stage of middle adulthood. Hence the company’s predilections of employees are the more experienced individuals but not that old enough not to perform certain task which are formidable for elderly people. Moreover, within this age bracket (30-39)
80 according to a recent research (http://science.slashdot.org/article) “At age 39 our brain is at its peak speed wherefore age after that brain goes downhill intellectually.” Thus, the Mindanao Container Terminal’s
preference for their employees was mostly individuals whose intellectual and physical capacity is still at its peak of functioning. 2. This simply entail that majority of the respondents are males which comprises sixty two percent (62%) of the total respondents. This indicates that males are the preferable workers of Mindanao Container Terminal in term of sex; wherefore the usual nature of work of the company demands a lot of physical strength and ability that females cannot provide. Moreover, females were also needed especially in offices and in the administration department. 3. This means that to analyze it all; people from Camiguin, Cagayan de Oro, Higa-onons, Bukidnon, and Tagoloan comprise of forty-three (43) respondents or seventy one point sixty-six percent (71.66%) of the said respondents, wherein it certainly shows that people from the locality of the region 10 dominate the number of employees of Mindanao Container Terminal. Therefore, the local people of region 10 are held to be globally competitive in terms of port management and skills. 4. This means that majority or sixty eight point thirty three (68.33%) of the respondents claimed that their religious affiliation is in Roman Catholicism which obviously; most of the employees were living within the range or region 10, which is apparently a predominant Christian area. Moreover,
81 according to Chapter 4, Table 3, the majority ethnicity background among the MCT workers is kagayanons wherein it also corresponds to what the chapter 2 had stated that, majority of the people living in Cagayan de Oro City are Roman Catholics. Other religions include; Christians of various sect, Muslims, Buddhist and others. 5. This means that majority of the employees or sixty one point sixty seven percent (61.67%) said they do participate in the company’s activity. Thus, there is an effective management of the company towards their workers with proper dissemination of information and activity implementation was reflected by the workers participation with regarding to these activities. And moreover, the company was effective in upholding these activities and was thriving enough to stimulate interest among employees of MCT. 6. This means that majority of the workers of Mindanao Container Terminal were enjoying the privileges offered by the company for their welfare and benefit. Therefore, the company assumed a token economy system; wherein the reinforcement they gave towards the employees was by tendering useful satisfactory privileges with the suitable services these workers do provide. 7. This means that in this category; there are two majorities or two got a forty eight point thirty three percentage result (48.33%) in terms of the company’s working facilities. Another said that the company does have excellent working facilities while the other forty eight point thirty three percent (48.33%) answered that the working facilities are in good
82 condition. Thus, there is a very big possibility that the employees were well provided with working facilities that offers a big help in the work place that makes strenuous work more handy and feasible. 8. This means that majority or sixty three point thirty three percent (63.33%) of the respondents said that the company does have good safety precautions towards accident hazards. Hence, this ensures that the respondents are well provided with the good chance of avoiding any accidental hazards in their working fields even though in a company like MCT; accidental hazards are inevitable. However the company is floundering hard to assure the worker’s safety and welfare by scrupulously implementing safety precautions. Moreover, because Mindanao Container Terminal is an industrial business therefore “Because of the kinds of jobs they do, industrial plant workers often put themselves and their health at risk.” according to
http://www.maacenter.org/asbestos/workplace/industrialworkers.php and due to that, Mindanao Container Terminal should pay much attention towards safety of their workers/employees. 9. This means that majority or twenty eight point thirty three (28.33%) of the respondents said that the company does have very good sources of food. Thus, the respondents are able to nourish themselves with safe foods that the food court of the company does provide. And with this finding; this ensures the safety and health of the employees in terms of their nutrition.
83 10. This means that majority or fifty percent (50%) of the respondents said that the company does have a good water supply. Thus the employees are assured of their safety and health with the company’s supply of water. Moreover, these employees do have a good chance not to be contaminated by any waterborne disease that came from the company’s water supply. And also according to a statement in chapter 2 about the profile of Cagayan de Oro, the water services is provided by the Cagayan de Oro Water District (COWD), wherein it was the first water district to be established in the entire country (www.cagayandeoro.gov) which was proven safe; wherefore as the first one to be established, they ought to be experts in supplying water to consumers. 11. This means that majority or sixty eight point thirty three percent (68.33%) of the respondents said that the company’s toilet facility is in a good and sanitary condition. Obviously, everyone was satisfied with the company’s toilet facilities, where the company really had sought after the welfare of their workers even to the smallest details including the toilet facilities. This also means that they do prevent proliferation of etiologic agents of any disease by inhibiting common breading areas of microorganisms through maintaining proper toilet sanitation. Moreover, according to the
http://www.ifh-homehygiene.org, “the bathroom and toilet are communal areas of the home thus is the main culprit for the spread of infection from one family member to another if basic hygiene standards are not
84 observed wherefore the toilet is a common habitat for pathogens and microorganisms causing infection. 12. This means that Majority or forty three percent (43%) of the respondents said that there are the company’s refuse and garbage disposal is thrown in a good way. Hence, the company is knowledgeable enough that promoting proper waste disposal and cleanliness of the environment contributes to the safety and health of their employees which is concurrent to what the OLOF determinants of health had stated; that a person’s health is determined by his circumstances and his environment 13. .This means that Majority or forty three percent (43%) of the respondents said that there are the company’s refuse and garbage disposal is thrown in a good way. Hence, the company is knowledgeable enough that promoting proper waste disposal and cleanliness of the environment contributes to the safety and health of their employees. 14. This means that Majority or forty six point sixty seven percent (46.67%) of the respondents said that they do have a good drainage system in the company. Therefore, the company is environmental friendly which also means that they prevent flood especially during rainy season. This also means that the company was fulfilling there vision which is to a progressive industrial community that is socially, economically & environmentally sound contributing to the growth and development of the country.
85 15. This means that Majority or sixty eight point thirty three percent (68.33%) of the respondents said that the social and health facilities were in good condition. With this, we say that majority of them knows that there were presence of social and health facilities (like presence of basketball court for recreational activities) and a majority of them also joined the intramurals for enjoyment and also to enhance their wellness and can be considered as a flexibility exercise for proper blood circulation and muscle endurance. 16. This means that majority or sixty percent (60.00%) of the respondents said that the company has a good implementation of social and health programs in Mindanao Container Terminal. The table itself simply indicates that the Mindanao container Terminal are implementing good social and health programs and so perhaps a lot of workers do participate and take part in social and health programs of the company wherefore they were also informed enough of the rationales of these applied programs for their health and safety. 17. This means that majority or fifty percent (50.00%) of the respondents said that there is a good execution of rules and policies of the company pertaining to the workers’ Health and Safety. “Because of the kind of jobs they do, industrial plant workers often put themselves and their health at risk” According to http://www.maacenter.org/asbestos/workplace/industrialworkers.php.
86 Noxious chemicals and other hazardous materials, such as asbestos, are often present in industrial plants; therefore company’s health and safety rules and policies needs to focus on how the workers environment can be designed to forestall further harm and injuries. 18. This means that majority or sixty percent (60%) of the respondents said that the company does have good means of transportation facilities. Thus, there is a feasible network and linkage between employees and necessary locations in referring emergencies and accidents, therefore adding a contribution to health and safety to transport and refer emergency cases to the proper locations safely and without a waste of time. 19. This means that majority of the respondents of the Mindanao Container Terminal are healthy and conscious about their health. And also we can say that Mindanao Container Terminal mostly employs workers who were physically, emotionally and mentally fit uncompromising the possibilities of emergencies and the insufficiency of work these health problems will cause to the unhealthy workers/employees. 20. This means that majority of the respondents which is thirty five (35) or comprises fifty eight point thirty three percent (58.33) have a genetically predisposing illness within their family and are prone to develop that disease/illness in the future, which can be a factor that may hinder them to work effectively and which may predispose them in increased risk for accidents especially during times of work.
87 21. This means that majority of them or forty two point nine percent (42.9%) of them have a hypertensive tendency from their family history. Therefore, they must take primary precautions and lifestyle modifications in forestalling this hypertensive propensity. Medical check-ups and
monitoring of blood pressure at least twice a weak must be implemented, for them to know if they are already hypertensive because according to the JNC 7 or Joint National Committee states that in order to be diagnose as hypertensive one must have 3 consistent abnormal readings within two weeks of monitoring. 22. This means that the majority of the respondents which comprises of fifty five percent (55%) or ninety one point seven percent (91.7%) knows the essential and vital role of their health in their work productivity. Thus, when they value their health very much, there’s a great possibility that MCT is having healthy individuals employed in their company; individuals who are health conscious enough and are not oblivious to health hazards and dangers. Moreover, we also find out that many of the said respondents goes to the clinic to have a regular medical check-up and to monitor their wellness/disease with regards to their health condition. 23. This means that majority of the respondents or forty five percent (45%) of them have complaints in terms of their health condition wherein the company should pay attention more wherefore; many employees suffered or acquired illness or disease from their nature or field of work. Hence, even though no matter how much the company forestall any discrepancies
88 of the workers health; still these health problems are inevitable with the nature of work, itself. 24. This means that majority or seventy five percent (75%) of the respondents who said that they have complaints regarding their health condition; most of them experienced low back pain; especially that most of the respondents are usually involved in strenuous activities which further leads to a conclusion that most of them are at risk for osteoarthritis and skeletomuscular impairment. Wherefore of these risks, the company should take some necessary actions alleviating this common complaints especially that; according to the (the Workers Health & Safety Centre of 2004), “Musculoskeletal disorders remain the most common classification of injury suffered by workers accounting for more than 40 percent of claims, it was noticed by the Ontario’s Workplace Safety and Insurance Board.”
89 CONCLUSIONS: The researchers conclude that Mindanao Container Terminal of Philippine Veterans Investments Development Corporation do provides safety for their employees/workers for they give privileges like insurances and benefits for their workers. They do have good working facilities. Therefore the workers are well provided with working facilities that offers a big help in the work place that makes strenuous work more handy and feasible. The company workers also do participate in the company’s activities and they do avail of the company’s privileges. They also have safe source of food, water supply, proper drainage and garbage disposal system which therefore contributes to the health of these workers. With this all the employees of Mindanao Container Terminal can assure that they are safe and secure while they are working. Mindanao Container Terminal also gave importance to health of every worker in a sense that they have health care services to cater the needs of the workers with regards to their health. To sum up, Mindanao Container Terminal of Philippine Veterans Investments Development Corporation can be the tool for a progressive industrial community that is socially, economically and environmentally sound contributing to the growth and development of the country. Moreover, developing a company totally dependent of its work force they prove themselves responsible and worthy of being called a “world class facility” capable of uplifting the social and economic as well as health status of our Nation.
1. To safeguard the lives of the employees; the researchers would like to assert and encourage to improve the company’s safety and health precautions more, that they must evaluate and assess more the risks and accident prone areas, to consequently eliminate injuries and hazards. And furthermore, they must be able to scrutinize health threats and peril. 2. When it comes to the food sources of the workers; even though most of the respondents answered excellent, we still advise the company’s canteen to maintain their excellent job in preparing satisfactory and safe cooking that will profit the health of the workers. We advise them to always uphold a well balanced food rather than fatty ones; especially that most of the workers have a hypertensive propensity and should also be particular on the proper hygiene of the cooking and eating utensils and to ensure that their employees’ food sources are well sought of and properly monitored. 3. We advocate the company to maintain the good condition of their water supply; in order to ensure the consistent health and safety of their workers. We recommend them to prefer certified distilled and purified water sources for their workers; workers who needed protection against water-borne diseases.
91 4. When it comes to the company’s toilet facilities; there’s only one thing we really would like to uphold, it is to maintain its sanitation and hygiene particularly that comfort rooms are preferred habitats of microorganisms wherein they would like to proliferate and spread. We’d like to suggest to always keeping this toilet facilities clean and dry, wherefore to decrease the likelihood of nourishing these pathogens that are usually present in damp dirty areas like the toilet. 5. For the maintenance of cleanliness in their environment, we recommend rigorous implementation of a propitious rules and regulations towards the segregation of wastes; and completely separate ordinary wastes for hazardous ones and should be taken with proper precautions. They should impose fines and punishments to anyone who tries to break the policies and if possible inform anyone about the safety rules and regulations they are implementing about the garbage and refused disposal. 6. The social and health facilities of the company were already confirmed having a good condition. Like presence of clinics and even recreational areas and social activities. However, we still would like to recommend adding more recreational areas not just a basketball court for the workers variety of their choices. We also would like to promote daily exercises every morning for their employees; in order improve to have a daily body work out and not only during intramurals. We also would like to uphold clinical facilities to increase its supply and the company
92 should be accessible in certain first aid kits and interventions especially in certain cases of emergency for the prolonged life of their employees to really have an accessible and immediate facility to turn to in terms of health crises. 7. Social and health programs of the company must enhance more the complete well being of the employees of MCT. The programs should include stretching, warm up exercises and fitness programs preferably before any strenuous work to minimize and if possible eradicate muscoskeletal and stress related illnesses. These exercise programs are not only for warming up, but since the employees have a high tendency in acquiring hypertension and diabetes; these exercises will modify a sedentary lifestyle modification. Since, sedentary lifestyle is a common factor contributing to obesity, hypertension and, as such, may contribute to other diseases, such as type II diabetes and heart disease. We also advocate monthly medical check-ups and physical assessments to prevent any potential illnesses or diseases to progress and exacerbate. 8. For certain safety purposes, the company must adhere to the proper standard of rules and policies, like wearing of helmets, hats, and any protective gear when exposed to detrimental environmental factors. 9. They must develop more organized programs and drills for safety purposes and a constant practice for the preparation of emergencies and sudden occurrences.
93 10. For certain safety purposes, the company must adhere to the proper standard of rules and policies, like wearing of helmets, hats, and any protective gear when exposed to detrimental environmental factors. 11. When it comes to transportation and communication means they should conform to the evolving modern communication and
transportation for the efficacy and productivity of the company. 12. For the company’s clinics, they should provide more medicines and medical apparatus at their clinic in upholding their health and safety. 13. The company’s hired health professionals are the mediums of health, hence they must render an effective service for the workers. They must be able to assess the health of the workers every now and then. And to formulate the most appropriate solutions and preventive measures for the frequent causes of illness. 14. Since, most of the employees have a hypertensive tendency from their family history. Therefore, they must take primary precautions and lifestyle modifications in forestalling this hypertensive propensity like daily exercises, diet modifications and compliance to any needed medication. Medical check-ups and monitoring of blood pressure at least twice a weak must be implemented, for them to know if they are already hypertensive because according JNC 7 or Joint National Committee states that in order to be diagnose as hypertensive one must have 3 consistent abnormal readings within two weeks of monitoring.
94 15. Since, majority has complaints in terms of their health condition, wherein many alleged they are prone to suffer or acquired illness or disease from their nature or field of work; the company should take more precautions in preventing these health complaints to exacerbate.
A. Low back pain - the workers should be knowledgeable about proper body mechanics in lifting heavy objects, the using of wide base of support and about range of motion exercises whether passive or active and warm up before any strenuous activities; with this, it will allow the workers to alleviate such complaints and to further improve their safety and health conditions. B. Cough and colds – the workers should wear masks when exposed to irritants, allergens and dust. To prevent occurrences of allergens that could irritate the workers; the company should maintain sanitation and proper environmental hygiene. C. Eye problems – In working with hazardous chemicals and fumes; workers should always be reminded to wear goggles or any thing that can be use to protect their eyes from danger of damage. D. Stress – In handling, stress; the company should provide the workers a period of rest in a days work, even for just a couple of minutes. Providing the workers a source of entertainment for diversional activities such as music or social gatherings and a family day once in a while; in order for them to cope up with stress and may
95 be able to relax for sometime thus preventing fatigue and stressrelated illnesses. E. Sleep problems – we advised the company health providers to have workers be knowledgeable about deep breathing and relaxation techniques; with these, the workers may have a big possibility of gaining enough hours for rest and sleep. G. Fever – in terms of fever; we advised the company to have strict hand washing and to increase consumption of nutritious diet to decrease the occurrence of these health complaints and to further increase the immune system of the workers. The company should also implement infection control guidelines even if we’re not in a hospital setting to decrease such health complaints which can affect the quality of work of the workers which can eventually affect the company.
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