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PIONEER GAS POWER LIMITED

380-425 MW COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT




APSIPL-05- EPC-
3-B16
ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS -
FIRE DETECTION AND ALARM SYSTEM



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16.0 FIRE DETECTION AND ALARM SYSTEM

16.1 Fire detection and alarm system comprising automatic fire detectors,
manual call points, fire alarm panel, fire warning siren, cables, junction
boxes, any other items to complete the system shall be provided for the
power plant.

16.2 The equipment/system supplied shall comply with the standards listed
below:

16.2.1 IS - 2189

16.2.2 NFPA - 72E

16.2.3 IS - 2175

16.3 The system shall be approved by any or all the following bodies
besides Tariff Advisory Committee (TAC) and local Fire Authorities,
National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), Underwriters Laboratory
(UL), Fire Officers Committee (FOC), Factory mutual (FM) , Central
Mining Research Institute (CMRI), Dhanbad.

16.4 Fire alarm system shall be designed to provide continuous surveillance
against fire in the areas covered by the system under all conditions.

16.5 The type of detectors to be provided in the various areas of the plant
shall be as indicated below:

Area Type of Detector

GTG / STG Building Manual call points (MCP)

Switchgear room & Ionisation type smoke detector & MCPs
charger room

Control & electronic Ionisation and photoelectric room smoke
Cubicle rooms detectors in the ration of 1:1

Battery room Rate of rise of temperature detector with fixed
temperature element (corrosion proof) and
MCPs

Fan Room MCP

Below false floor of Photoelectric smoke detector and
Control room Linear heat sensor cables

PIONEER GAS POWER LIMITED
380-425 MW COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


APSIPL-05- EPC-
3-B16
ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS -
FIRE DETECTION AND ALARM SYSTEM



Page 2 of 5


Area Type of Detector


Above false ceiling of Ionisation type smoke detectors
Control room

Cable galleries photoelectric smoke detectors and liner heat
Sensing cables

Fuel oil pump house Flame proof type MCPs

Transformer yard Pedestal mounted MCPs
& switchyard

16.6 Rate of Rise of Temperature Detector with Fixed Temp. Element

These shall be resettable type i.e., the same detector shall be capable
of being reset after it goes to the alarm state.

16.7 Ionisation Smoke Detectors

16.7.1 This detector shall be capable of detecting a fire both in its incipient or
smouldering stages as well as visible flames. To meet this requirement
the detector shall respond to visible combustion products in the form of
smoke as well as in visible particles, aerosols and pyrolysis products
from a clear burning fire.

16.7.2 Radio active material used in ionisation smoke detector shall be such
as not to have any harmful effect on the personnel in the area where
installed even if the area is continuously inhabited. The radiation shall
be in the range 0.5 micro curie to 0.9 micro curie.

16.8 Optical Smoke Detectors

Optical smoke detectors shall work on light scattering principle.

16.9 Linear Heat Detection System (LHS)

16.9.1 Linear heat detection system shall be provided in area below false
floor & in cable galleries.

16.9.2 Linear heat detection system shall essentially comprise sensor cables,
interface units and necessary hardwares required for installation.


PIONEER GAS POWER LIMITED
380-425 MW COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


APSIPL-05- EPC-
3-B16
ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS -
FIRE DETECTION AND ALARM SYSTEM



Page 3 of 5

16.9.3 Sensor cable shall be of analogue type and shall consist of four copper
conductors, each covered with a colour coded, negative temperature
coefficient insulating material. The cores shall be twisted and protected
by an outer sheath of FRLS PVC compound.

16.9.4 Linear heat sensor cables shall be run on all the trays below the false
floor of the control room. The sensor cables in cable vault end shall be
supported from ceiling to cover the top most tray and from underside of
the cable trays for bottom tiers.

16.10 The quantity of fire detectors and call points to be installed in each of
the areas shall be based on an average coverage area mentioned
below. The zones of individual detectors shall overlap and no blind
zone shall be left. However, the actual quantity of detectors required,
taking into consideration the obstruction due to floor beams, etc., so as
to obtain complete coverage, shall be worked out by the Contractor
based on the final drawings of the various buildings during detailed
engineering.

16.10.1 35 to 45 sq.m per smoke detector for general application areas
considering an average room height of 5.5m.

16.10.2 15 to 20 sq.m per detector for I&C panel room, control room, relay
room, etc., in view of value concentration.

16.11 Each detector shall be provided with an indicating lamp glowing
steadily to indicate that it has operated which will otherwise flash
intermittently to indicate the healthy condition of the detector and
sensing circuits.

16.12 When the detectors are mounted below the false floor or in inaccessible
position, response indicator for each of the detectors and test switch
shall be mounted on a separate box which shall be suitable for
mounting on the wall. If the detectors are mounted above the false
ceiling, response indicators with test switch shall be mounted directly
below the detector (on the false roof).

16.13 Manual call points shall be provided as per the guidelines listed in
NFPA 72E/IS 2189. Also, they shall generally be located near all the
entrances/exists for all buildings.

16.14 Contractor shall prepare layout drawings indicating the locations of
detectors, manual call points duly taking into account the regulations of
local fire authorities and submit for Owner / Owners representatives
approval.


PIONEER GAS POWER LIMITED
380-425 MW COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


APSIPL-05- EPC-
3-B16
ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS -
FIRE DETECTION AND ALARM SYSTEM



Page 4 of 5

16.15 Main Fire Alarm Panel

16.15.1 Main fire alarm panel shall be complete with annunciator (with
windows), necessary input modules, output modules, external
hooter/lamp control, interface units wherever required for various
control functions through relay contacts & communication modules,
etc. for satisfactory operation of the system. The panel is be located in
the control room.

16.15.2 The main fire alarm panel will continuously monitor the status of the
detectors and the connecting lines. The annunciation system shall
have visual and audible alarms, with acknowledge, test, reset, lamp
test, etc. push buttons. The panel shall have 'ON / OFF' PBs for
operation of fire siren.

16.15.3 Main fire alarm panel shall be provided with necessary contacts for
performing the following functions.

(a) Tripping of the air conditioning and ventilation system in the

- GTG hall, STG hall switchgear room, Relay room
- Control room, I&C panel room, battery room and any other
area which is air conditioned /forced ventilated.

16.15.4 Necessary grouping of the detectors/call points to actuate the above
shall be done by the contractor and the same shall be subject to
Owner / Owners Representatives approval.

16.15.5 Ni-Cd batteries and battery chargers adequate capacity shall be
provided. The battery shall supply the normal power requirements for a
period of 48 hours from the instant of charger AC supply failure, after
which sufficient capacity would still be available to provide full load
operation for at least 30 minutes. Full load being defined as the load of
all hooters sounding simultaneously along with operation of all the
associated visual signals, interlocks etc.

16.16 Repeater Panel

All annunciations / indications in the main fire alarm panel shall be
repeated in the repeater panel to be supplied by contractor. The
repeater panel shall be located in the fire station.

16.17 Junction Boxes (JB)

Junction boxes if required for indoor installation shall be fabricated out
of 1.5 mm thick sheet steel & shall be hot dip galvanised. For outdoor

PIONEER GAS POWER LIMITED
380-425 MW COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


APSIPL-05- EPC-
3-B16
ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS -
FIRE DETECTION AND ALARM SYSTEM



Page 5 of 5

installation, they shall be of cast iron type and provided with a sheet
steel canopy at the top.

16.18 Cabling

The cables shall conform to specification indicated in Clause 16.1.3 of
Section D3.16.

16.19 Tests

16.19.1 Contractor shall furnish test certificates/approval certificates for the
equipment/ system offered from the Regulatory bodies indicated in the
specification after the award of contract for Owner / Owners
Representatives review/approval.

16.19.2 Performance tests shall be conducted at site on the system to prove
that the guarantees indicated for the individual components shall
completely satisfy all specific requirements. All tests required by the
relevant standards shall be conducted.