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PIONEER GAS POWER LIMITED

380-425 MW COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT


Generator Transformer Specification

APSIPL-05- EPC-
3-B10
ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS -
NEUTRAL EARTHING SYSTEM



Page 1 of 4



10.0 METHODS OF EARTHING

The neutral earthing equipment shall conform to the latest editions of
relevant national and international standards. These shall comply with the
specific requirements indicated below.

10.1 Generator neutral will be high resistance earthed. The neutral shall be
connected to a suitably rated neutral earthing transformer. The neutral
earthing resistor will be connected across the secondary of the neutral
earthing transformer.

10.2 6.6 kV systems shall be medium resistance earthed. The neutral of the unit
auxiliary transformers shall be independently connected to the earth through
a suitable resistance.

10.3 415V system shall be a solidly earthed system. The neutral of the service
transformers shall be independently connected to the earth.

10.4 240V systems for lighting and the space heating shall be solidly earthed
system. The neutral of the transformers shall be connected to the earth
bus through a link in the respective board, which is in turn connected to the
Plant earth grid.

10.5 110V AC control supply shall be a solidly earthed system. The earth side
of the transformers shall be connected solidly through a link to the earth bus
in the respective modules of switchgear / control panels.

10.6 Sizing of Neutral Earthing Equipment

10.6.1 The neutral grounding resistor ohmic value for generator neutral earthing
shall be so selected that during an earth fault on one of the phases of the
generator, the kW power consumed in the resistor shall be atleast equal to
1.5 times, the capacitive kVA due to capacitance of generator, generator
bus duct and associated equipment including surge protection capacitor,
generator transformer and unit auxiliary transformer (where applicable).

10.6.2 The neutral earthing resistor ohmic value for unit auxiliary transformer
neutral earthing shall be such that earth fault current is limited to the full
load current of the respective transformers.

PIONEER GAS POWER LIMITED
380-425 MW COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT
Generator Transformer Specification

APSIPL-05- EPC-
3-B10
ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS -
NEUTRAL EARTHING SYSTEM



Page 2 of 4



10.7 Specific Requirements

10.7.1 Duty rating of the earthing resistor for UATs shall be 60 seconds.

10.7.2 Cable boxes shall be provided for receiving the cables from the
transformers.

10.7.3 The resistors shall be provided with taps at 25%, 50% and 75%.

10.7.4 The resistor cubicle shall be mounted on suitably rated insulators.

10.7.5 The resistor cubicle shall be located in transformer yard at a height of 2.5m.
If located at ground level the resistor area shall be fenced separately, even
though located within the fenced transformer yard. Resistor shall be able to
carry the specified current a period of time as specified with a temperature
rise not exceeding 325 Deg C over an ambient temperature.

10.7.6 The resistor shall be able to carry 10 % of its rated current continuously
with the enclosure surface temperature rise not more than 5 Deg C
of ambient temperature specified.

10.7.7 Resistor shall be natural cooled type and forced cooling shall not be
used.
However, if envisaged, adequate louvers with removable fine wire mesh
(holes less than 0.5 mm) may be provided to limit the enclosure surface
temperature.

10.7.8 Resistor shall be mounted on steel rods insulated by special heat
resistant mica nite paper tubes. Grid washers shall be of natural mica.
Porcelain insulators shall be used to insulate the resistor element from body
of the enclosure.

10.7.9 The two end of resistor shall be brought out to weather proof bushing
type terminals of adequate rating. Bushing terminals shall be provided for
neutral and earth connections and they shall be housed in a metal clad
enclosure.

10.7.10 Resistor shall be designed to be lifted using lugs on top or jacking holes on

PIONEER GAS POWER LIMITED
380-425 MW COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT
Generator Transformer Specification

APSIPL-05- EPC-
3-B10
ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS -
NEUTRAL EARTHING SYSTEM



Page 3 of 4


side.

Bolted type link shall be provided for isolating the resistor.

10.8 Isolating Arrangement.

10.8.1 An isolator shall be provided on the incoming side to isolate the equipment
from the main equipment. The rating shall be suitable at least 1.5 times the
rated current of the resistor. The isolating switch shall have 4 NO + 4 NC
contacts for remote indication and interlocks.

10.8.2 The external handle for the switch shall be lockable in both ON and
OFF positions.

10.9 Busbar and Interconnections:

10.9.1 The bus bar shall be epoxy moulded sleeved and made of high
conductivity electrolytic grade Copper.

10.9.2 The rating of the busbar shall be same as the rated Current. Bus Bar
mating surface shall be tinned. High tensile bolts and spring washers shall
be provided at all busbar joints.

10.9.3 The bus bar shall be uniform section throughout and shall be sized to
carry the rated current without exceeding the maximum hot spot
temperature of 85 Deg C. Busbars shall be color coded for easy
identification of phases..

10.9.4 Busbars shall be supported at regular intervals and both busbars and
supports shall be suitably sized to withstand short circuit level as
specified in the data sheet without any deformation. All busbar supports
shall be non-carbonizing material resistant to acid alkalies and shall have
non-hydroscopic characteristics. Clearance shall be as per relevant
standards. Insulation level shall be as specified in the data sheet.

10.9.5 Suitable size electric grade EC 91 E Aluminum / copper busbars
shall be provided with epoxy cast supports. The current in all current
carrying paths should not exceed 1.0 Amps / sq. mm for Al and 1.4 Amps /
sq. mm for Copper. All bus supports shall be non-carbonizing material

PIONEER GAS POWER LIMITED
380-425 MW COMBINED CYCLE POWER PLANT
Generator Transformer Specification

APSIPL-05- EPC-
3-B10
ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS -
NEUTRAL EARTHING SYSTEM



Page 4 of 4


resistant to acid alkalies and shall have non-hydroscopic characteristics.

10.9.6 Busbars shall be painted in dark black colour to facilitate efficient heat
dissipation.Busbars shall be colour coded for easy identification of individual
phases.


10.10 General Data:

10.10.1 Quantity: NGT Panel - 1 No.

10.10.2 Vendor details:

10.10.3 Paint:

10.10.4 Degree of protection shall be IP 42.

10.10.5 Tentative panel dimension shall be (W x D x H)

10.10.6 Earth Bus shall be (50 x 6) mm
2
copper flat.

10.10.7 Main Bus bar material Aluminium, Size and calculations to be furnished by
vendor.

10.10.8 Panel shall be suitable for bus-duct entry from top.

10.10.9 System Fault Level : 40kA for 3 Sec.

10.10.10 Design ambient : 50 deg C

10.10.11 Wiring: 1100V Grade PVC Insulated Stranded Cu. Cable.
Aux. Circuit: 2.5 Sq.mm. Earth: 6.0 Sq.mm.