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The Gettysburg Address
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
November 19, 1863

Four score and seven years ago our fathers brought forth on this continent, a new nation,
conceived in Liberty, and dedicated to the proposition that all men are created equal.

Now we are engaged in a great civil war, testing whether that nation, or any nation so
conceived and so dedicated, can long endure. We are met on a great battle-field of that
war. We have come to dedicate a portion of that field, as a final resting place for those who
here gave their lives that that nation might live. It is altogether fitting and proper that we
should do this.

But, in a larger sense, we can not dedicate -- we can not consecrate -- we can not hallow --
this ground. The brave men, living and dead, who struggled here, have consecrated it, far
above our poor power to add or detract. The world will little note, nor long remember what
we say here, but it can never forget what they did here. It is for us the living, rather, to be
dedicated here to the unfinished work which they who fought here have thus far so nobly
advanced. It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us --
that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they
gave the last full measure of devotion -- that we here highly resolve that these dead shall
not have died in vain -- that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedom --
and that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the

Contextual Information:

After the bloody Battle of Gettysburg, on November 19, 1863, President Abraham
Lincoln gave a speech to commemorate the battle and sanctify the cemetery. In actuality,
this speech was actually supposed to be a simple remark about the occasion, rather than
the main oration. Regarded as one of the finest speeches in American history, it begins
with the creation of the United States and follows into its current situation. The lecture
not only remembers those who fell on the battlefield, but also acknowledges those who
continue to fight for their nation and the perils they face. It speaks of the resolve and
sacrifice of the soldiers so that this nation shall not fail in the grander sense of the total

Primary Source Analysis Guide to Historical Thinking:

Print Documents

1. Identify the Document

Author(s) or source: Abraham Lincoln

Title: Gettysburg Address
Date: November 19, 1863
Type of Document: Speech
2. Analyze the Document
Main idea of the document: To sanctify the cemetery as well as recognize the
Sacrifices, and reasons for which the existing soldiers are fighting.

Preceding conditions that motivated the author: The Civil War and the long,
drawn out
situations that continue to threaten the unity of the United States of America.

Intended audience and purpose: Those in attendance were the audience and
was attempting to acknowledge the soldiers, living and dead, that fought for
the Union.

Biases of the author: As the President of the Union, he wanted to see the
nation stay as one
and bring an end to the Civil War.

Questions to ask the author : Where do you feel the war is heading? Did you
expect this
to be regarded as your greatest speech ever?

3. Historical Context
Important people, events and ideas at the time of the document

Local/Regional: people, events, and ideas of the time : Civil War. Gettysburg

National: people, events, and ideas of the time: Civil War. The Union (North)
Confederacy (South). Abraham Lincoln (North) Jefferson Davis (South).
Powerful Central
Government (North) vs. Stronger States Rights (South).

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