You are on page 1of 35

Teacher Workbooks

Language Arts Series


Reading Comprehension
Intermediate Level, Volume 1 - General

© Copyright 2002
Teachnology Publishing Company
A Division of Teachnology, Inc.

For additional information, visit us at www.teach-nology.com/publishing

Some images © www.arttoday.com


Table of Contents
The Old Turtle 1
Answer Sheet 2
The American Flag 3
Answer Sheet 4
The Autumn 5
Answer Sheet 6
Out of This World 7
Answer Sheet 8
Bridges 9
Answer Sheet 10
Oranges 11
Answer Sheet 12
The Good Old Post Office 13
Answer Sheet 14
Sidewalk Surfing 15
Answer Sheet 16
Story of Fire 17
Answer Sheet 18
About Tiger 19
Answer Sheet 20
The Few… The Proud… 21
Answer Sheet 22
Clowning Around 23
Answer Sheet 24
H2O 25
Answer Sheet 26
In the Time of Dinosaurs 27
Answer Sheet 28
The Fourth Rock from the Sun 29
Answer Sheet 30
Answers 31-33

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


iii
Name ______________________ Date ____________

The Old
Turtle!

Turtles are one of the oldest creatures to inhabit the


Earth. The existence of turtles dates back to prehistoric
times.
There are many different types of turtles. Turtles are
classified as land and sea turtles. Tortoises, which live on
land, are considered a subgroup of the turtle family.
Through time, turtles have undergone a number of
physical changes to adapt to changes in their environment.
Fossils of prehistoric turtles had teeth, while modern turtles
do not possess real teeth. Turtles that are alive today also
have very sharp beaks, which they use to bite with.
When hatchlings emerge from their eggs they use
what is called the egg tooth or caruncle. The caruncle is
located at the front of the upper jaw and disappears shortly
after the turtle hatches. The turtle uses this caruncle to
break through the leathery skin of its eggshell.
Most turtles lay several dozen to hundreds of eggs to
ensure that the hatchlings will survive the danger of the
environment and enemies. Quite often only a handful will
make it to adulthood. Turtles will continue their long
survival as long as humans can respect their environment
and way of life.

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


1
Name ______________________ Date ____________

The Old Turtle Answer Sheet

Directions: Circle the correct answer below.

1. When compared to other animals, what makes turtles unique living creatures?

A. They have only been around for a short amount of time.


B. The only lay a handful of eggs.
C. They have been around for a very long time.
D. They have very soft shells.

2. Where might you find a Tortoise in the wild?

A. In the Atlantic Ocean.


B. In the Mississippi River.
C. In a very watery swamp.
D. On the land of a large island.

3. What is a major difference between prehistoric turtles and modern turtles?

A. Prehistoric turtles had teeth.


B. Modern turtles have teeth.
C. Prehistoric turtles did not have shells.
D. Modern turtles do not have feet.

4. Why do scientists feel that turtles have adapted to their environment by laying
a great number of eggs?

A. To help the environment.


B. To provide food for predators of the turtle.
C. To increase the chance that some of the young turtles will survive to
adulthood.
D. To speed up the growth of the baby turtles.

5. Describe what a caruncle is and how turtles use this feature.

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


2
Name ______________________ Date ____________

The American
Flag

The American flag has been an American symbol of


freedom for over two centuries. There are reports that in 1776
that George Washington asked Betsy Ross to sew an
American flag. Although there has been little evidence to
support this traditional story, it remains part of history that she
sewed thirteen stripes and a circle of thirteen stars into the first
flag.
The thirteen stripes stood for the first thirteen colonies
that settled in the United States. George Washington asked for
thirteen white stars to represent the thirteen colonies. He
requested that they be sewn upon a blue background to
represent a constellation. As America grew and started to
move westward the number of stars grew to represent the
number of states. Now there are fifty stars on this symbol of
life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness.
Traditionally America’s birthday has been celebrated on
the Fourth of July, but many sought a day in which we
celebrate the flag. The idea is believed to have originated by a
Wisconsin public school teacher named B.J. Cigrand. He
arranged for his students to observe the first Flag Day on June
14th. The June 14 th date commemorates the official adoption of
The Stars and Stripes. Years later, June 14 th was accepted as
the “Flag’s Birthday” due to the advocacy of Cigrand.

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


3
Name ______________________ Date ____________

The American Flag Answer Sheet

Directions: Circle the correct answer below.

1. What does the American flag symbolize for the American people?

A. Brotherhood B. Equality

C. Liberty D. Sadness

2. Who is credited for making the first American flag?

A. George Washington B. Betsy Ross

C. B.J. Cigrand D. Clara Barton

3. What did George Washington initially intend the stars on the flag to
symbolize?

A. States B. Colonies

C. Bodies of Water D. Major Cities

4. When is Flag Day is currently celebrated?

A. June 14th B. July 4 th

C. December 25th D. February 14th

5. Who was B.J. Cigrand and what was the outcome of his efforts?

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

________________________________________________________________

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


4
Name ______________________ Date ____________

Autumn

Autumn is a season that falls between winter and spring.


There are many changes that begin in this fascinating season.
Days become shorter. Leaves of trees turn from green to
vibrant red, yellow, and orange. Trees need sunlight to keep
their leaves a lively green. Without sunlight leaves turn colors.
In the morning, the grass is no longer blanketed with dew but
with frost as temperatures reach the freezing point. Animals
start storing up a supply of food to last the long winter months.
These changes occur as the as people adjust from the heat of
the summer to the chill of the winter.
During the autumn months, the daylight seen by the
Northern Hemisphere diminishes and the temperatures fall. In
response to these events trees undergo many physical
changes. During this time, they shed billions of tons of leaves.
In certain regions, the shedding of leaves is preceded by a
spectacular change in color by all the leaves. After leaves turn
from their everyday green to a brilliant red, they fall from the
tree.
Autumn occurs between summer and winter. In the
Northern Hemisphere it is from the September equinox to the
December solstice; in the Southern Hemisphere it is from the
March equinox to the June solstice.

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


5
Name ______________________ Date ____________

The Autumn Answer Sheet

Directions: Circle the correct answer below.

1. During which month in the Northern Hemisphere does autumn take place?

A. February B. March

C. June D. October

2. What change does not occur during autumn?

A. The leaves turn colors.


B. The Earth changes the direction in which it is rotating.
C. The days get shorter.
D. Temperatures drop.

3. What is to blame for the change in color of leaves?

A. Loss of sunlight B. Increase water storage

C. Too much sunlight D. Warmer temperatures

4. During which month in the Southern Hemisphere does autumn take place?

A. February B. April

C. August D. October

5. Describe four changes that take place during the autumn months?

1.______________________________________________________________

2._______________________________________________________________

3._______________________________________________________________

4._______________________________________________________________

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


6
Name ______________________ Date ____________

Out of This
World!
There are nine planets in our solar system. These
planets each have their own atmosphere and environmental
conditions. Scientists have been trying to research other
planets to see if it is possible for life to exist on the other
eight bodies in space.
Mercury and Pluto are probably the most difficult to
research because of their position in the solar system.
Mercury is so close to the sun that with our current
technology a space shuttle would burn up before it even
reached its atmosphere. Pluto is so far away, that some
scientists believe that it may not even be a planet but a large
asteroid or comet. A space shuttle cannot travel that to this
distant planet because it is so far away from the sun that the
shuttle would freeze.
The time it would take to travel such far distances is
also a concern when considering researching far away
planets like Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. Researchers have
discovered abundant amount information about all these
planets although they have not seen them up close.
Many scientists also believe that our solar system is not
alone in the universe. Many believe there are several other
systems that share the universe with us. It is difficult to know
if there is life present elsewhere in the universe. The
universe is a complex structure of space that may continue to
be a mystery for many years to come.

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


7
Name ______________________ Date ____________

Out of This World Answer Sheet

Directions: Circle the correct answer below.


1. How many other planets are there in o ur solar system, besides Earth?

A. Seven B. Eight

C. Nine D. Ten

2. Why is it very difficult to study the planet Mercury?

A. There are too many living creatures on this planet.


B. It is too cold because it is very far from the sun.
C. It is too warm because it is very close to the sun.
D. The planet is too large to study.

3. Why is it so odd that we know so much about Pluto?

A. It is a very dark planet. B. It is a large pla net.

C. Pluto does not have gravity. D. We have never seen it up close.

4. Which planet in our solar system may not be a planet after all?

A. Mercury B. Earth

C. Saturn D. Pluto

5. Which two planets in our solar system are the hardest to study and why?

Planet 1: ____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

Planet 2: ____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________________

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


8
Name ______________________ Date ____________

Bridges

Bridges are structures that are designed to


provide safe passage over different types of
obstacles. Bridges commonly carry roadways
and human passageways over obstacles such
as water, shallow terrain, and other
transportation routes.
Early bridges date back to 4000 B.C. In
ancient times, builders would place wood, vines,
and/or, ropes over rough terrain and term it a
bridge. In the early 18th century, heavy-duty iron
and steel bridges began to appear in great
numbers throughout the world.
Today, bridges come in a many varieties
including bridges that are suspended from
towers, movable bridges, and even bridges that
float.
Maintaining a bridge costs a great deal of
money. In some cases, people are charged a
small fee to travel on a bridge. These fees pay
for the upkeep of the bridge.

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


9
Name ______________________ Date ____________

Bridges Answer Sheet

Directions: Circle the correct answer below.


1. How many years have humans used bridges?

A. One Hundred B. One Thousand

C. Five Thousand D. Six Thousand

2. In ancient times, what materials might have been used to make a bridge?

A. Rope B. Gold

C. Silver D. Steel

3. Iron and steel been used to make bridges for how many years?

A. Fifty B. One Hundred

C. Two Hundred D. Three Hundred

4. On certain bridges you have to pay a toll for crossing the bridge. What is that
money used for?

A. It pays for school lunches.


B. It pays for maintenance of the bridge.
C. It pays for school field trips.
D. It pays for all the food for the animals at the zoo.

5. You are the city planner. You must build a bridge across a short water way.
Your engineers tell you that water is too deep to build supports in the waterway.
The supports normally hold up a bridge. Name two other options that you may
use to support your bridge?

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


10
Name ______________________ Date ____________

Oranges

There are many different types of oranges


including the sweet orange, the sour orange, the
mandarin orange, and the tangerine. The orange
itself is technically a type of berry that grows on a
medium sized evergreen tree.
Early on, oranges were only eaten and
enjoyed by royalty and extremely rich people.
Oranges were referred to as “golden apples” until
they became widely available in the early twentieth
century.
During a typical year, 25 billion oranges are
grown in the United States. Florida and California
are the two largest orange-producing states.
California oranges are lighter in weight, have
thicker skins, and contain less juice than Florida
oranges.
Although they are often eaten whole, over 80
percent of all of oranges produced in the United
States are used for purpose of making juice. Some
orange juice advocates claim that it helps reduce
the prevalence of cancer and increase the
efficiency of the human immune system.

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


11
Name ______________________ Date ____________

Oranges Answer Sheet

Directions: Circle the correct answer below.


1. Which of the following is a type of orange?

A. Mango B. Kiwi

C. Tangerine D. Honeydew

2. Complete this sentence: The orange is a type of _____________.

A. Berry B. Fruit

C. Vegetable D. Flower

3. Why were oranges only eaten by royalty and the rich in the distant past?

A. No one liked the taste. B. Oranges were not widely available.

C. Oranges were made of gold. D. Peeling an old orange was too hard.

4. What are most of the oranges grown in the U.S. used for?

A. For fruit baskets.


B. To make orange juice.
C. To feed athletes.
D. For fruit salads.

5. What medical benefits may orange juice have for humans?

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


12
Name ______________________ Date ____________

The Good Old


Post Office

The colony of Massachusetts established the first post


office within the United States in 1639. In 1789, Congress
authorized the postal service under the U.S. Constitution. At
the time, the nation had 75 local post offices and delivered
mail over an area of 1875 square miles.
Today, the postal service is an independent agency
responsible for postal regulation and delivery. The postal
services main responsibility is the collection and delivery of
printed material and hard goods. In a single year, the Postal
Service handles more than 160 billion pieces of mail. The
postal service also issues domestic and foreign money
orders.
In order to simplify the process of mail sorting and
delivery, the postal service instituted the Zoning Improvement
Program (ZIP) coding system in 1963.
A ZIP code is a five-digit number that indicates the
geographical area of the recipient and sender of each mail
piece. The first digit indicates one of the ten main zones of
the United States. The next two numbers indicate the
metropolitan area and the final two numbers indicate an
associated or branch post office. In 1983 the Postal Service
began expanding the ZIP code system to nine numbers. The
four new numbers are used indicate individual postal routes.
While use of the nine-digit system is voluntary, reduced
postage rates are offered for large volume mailings that
employ this system.

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


13
Name ______________________ Date ____________

The Good Old Post Office Answer Sheet

Directions: Circle the correct answer below.


1. What State is credited with being home of the first post office.

A. California B. Rhode Island

C. Kansas D. Massachusetts

2. Why might you go to the post office?

A. To plan a vacation.
B. To purchase food for dinner.
C. To send a package to a friend a long distance away.
D. To see your favorite movie.

3. About how many pieces of mail are handled by the Post Office each week?

A. 1 Million B. 100 Million

C. 1 Billion D. 3 Billion

4. What major breakthrough simplified the sorting and delivering of mail?

A. The ZIP code system


B. The stamp
C. The envelope
D. The mail box

5. What is the 5-Digit ZIP code for your home address? ________________

Explain what each number in that ZIP code stands for.

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


14
Name ______________________ Date ____________

Sidewalk
Surfing
Skateboards emerged during the 1960s. At the time, surfing
was a very popular sport and skateboarding was viewed as an
alternative to hitting the waves. Appropriately, skateboarding
soon became known as “sidewalk surfing.”
Although skateboards seem simple, they consist of many
parts. The wooden board is the deck. The deck features a rise
on both ends and adhesive grip tape that helps the rider’s feet
hold to the deck. Two metal axles are secured to the deck. Each
axle contains two wheels made of durable urethane.
Skateboarding is a very popular sport amongst youngsters.
As with any physical sport, skateboarding enthusiasts run the risk
of injury. Annually just fewer than 16,000 people visit the
emergency room for treatment of skateboarding related injuries in
the United States. Bone fractures are the most common injury.
Deaths have been reported as the result of collisions with
automobiles.
The chance of injury can be significantly reduced if riders
wear proper safety gear and monitor the surfaces they ride on.
Riders should wear helmets and protective equipment on all
major joints. Skateboarders should ride on flat, dry surfaces to
reduce the chance of slipping.

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


15
Name ______________________ Date ____________

Sidewalk Surfing Answer Sheet

Directions: Circle the correct answer below.

1. Initially when skateboarding first emerged, what sport was it seen as an


alternative to?

A. Baseball B. Soccer

C. Backgammon D. Surfing

2. What is the name of the wooden board that you stand on when
skateboarding?

A. Deck B. Axle

C. Adhere D. Nose

3. About how many injuries occur due to skateboarding each week?

A. 100 B. 300

C. 1000 D. 3000

4. What is the most common injury due to skateboarding?

A. Arthritis
B. Bone Fractures
C. Sore Necks
D. Sprained Fingers

5. If you were going to purchase a skateboard, name all of the safety gear you
would purchase to reduce the chance of injury?

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

___________________________________________________________

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


16
Name ______________________ Date ____________

Story of
Fire

Fire is a chemical reaction involving a fuel source


and oxygen that produces light and heat. Since the time
when humans first appeared, fire has served many
purposes. You can use it to warm your body, cook your
food, see where you are going, and even as a weapon to
ward off predators. The advantageous properties of fire
do not come without challenges and risks. Uncontrolled
first can damage property and cause serious injury
including death.
Today, fire continues to serve an important role in
human existence. The burning of fuels such as methane,
propane, and oil heats millions of homes throughout the
world. These fuels also power clothes dryers, stoves,
ovens, and water heaters. International companies use
fire to dispose of waste and make a variety of man-made
products. Fire heats large water boilers to generate
steam and power turbines to make energy.
In addition, fire is used for prepare farmland.
Farmers burn plants after a harvest to return nutrients
back to the soil.

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


17
Name ______________________ Date ____________

Story of Fire Answer Sheet

Directions: Circle the correct answer below.

1. When a fire is lit, what is given off by the flame besides light?

A. Oxygen B. Heat

C. Sulfur D. Rubber

2. Which of the following is not a positive use for fire?

A. Cooking food.
B. Uncontrolled fire.
C. Burning of plants and foliage to prepare farmland.
D. Traveling torches.

3. Which of the following is not used to heat homes?

A. Styrofoam B. Methane

C. Propane D. Oil

4. When fire is used to make energy, what is the fire used to heat?

A. Water B. Hydrogen

C. Carbon D. Soda

5. Describe four ways in which fire is beneficial to humans?

1.______________________________________________________________

2._______________________________________________________________

3._______________________________________________________________

4._______________________________________________________________

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


18
Name ______________________ Date ____________

About Tiger

In 1975, Tiger was born in Cypress, California. Early on,


Eldrick Woods’s father gave him the nickname Tiger. This
nickname came from a memorable encounter with a soldier whom
Earl Woods, Tiger’s father, served with during the Vietnam War.
Earl Woods began coaching Tiger on the game of golf as
soon as Tiger could walk and hold a club in his hand. Tiger had
two holes in ones before the age of six. The major golf
achievement during his youth was winning the United States Golf
Association Junior National Championship at the age of 15. He
was the youngest player ever to achieve this feat.
In 1992, Tiger began a successful college career at Stanford
University were he was awarded a golf scholarship for his unique
abilities. In 1995, he was named PAC-10 Conference player of
the year. The following year (1996) he won the National
Collegiate Athletic Association individual championship. During
this year, he also won the third of three straight United States
Amateur Championships.
Immediately after winning his third United States Amateur
Championship, he joined the Professional Golfers' Association
Tour. Tiger is now considered to be the man-to-beat on the
professional tour. In 2000, he became the first professional golfer
to win all four major professional titles in the a row and actualizing
his dream of being a golf legend for years to come ,

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


19
Name ______________________ Date ____________

About Tiger Answer Sheet

Directions: Circle the correct answer below.

1. What is Tiger Woods real first name?

A. Richie B. Thomas

C. Earl D. Eldrick

2. How old was Tiger Woods when he got his first hole-in-one?

A. Under six years old.


B. Eight years old.
C. Ten years old.
D. Thirteen years old .

3. Where did Tiger go to college?

A. Boston University B. Berkeley College

C. Stanford University D. Nevada University

4. During which year did Tiger join the Professional Golfers' Association Tour?

A. 1992 B. 1995

C. 1996 D. 2000

5. Name three major achievements of Tiger Woods?

1.______________________________________________________________

2._______________________________________________________________

3._______________________________________________________________

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


20
Name ______________________ Date ____________

The Few…
The Proud…
The United States Marine Corps trains and equips over
200,000 soldiers to fight on all types of terrain. Marines are
ready to serve the United States of America in times of crisis.
In fact, they are the United State’s largest crisis response
team.
The U.S. Marines are highly trained in amphibious
warfare, making the United States the only country to have an
entirely independent amphibious fighting force. Due to their
expertise with water-based warfare, the Marine Corps also
provides security on naval vessels and at navy bases abroad.
Many times Marines find themselves on ships for up to a
month while waiting to deploy for and accomplish a mission.
Marines usually make their way ashore using helicopters,
heavy-duty rafts, or armored amphibious vehicles. A typical
Marine operation can take place any where in the world in
under two weeks.
U.S. Marine personnel are deployed throughout the world,
but most servicemen find themselves on the East and West
Coast of the United States. At any given time, about 5,000
troops are on naval vessels. Marines found on ships endure
long periods of loneliness and isolation from their family
members.

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


21
Name ______________________ Date ____________

The Few… The Proud… Answer Sheet

Directions: Circle the correct answer below.

1. Which other military unit do Marines regularly work closely with?

A. Air Force B. Navy

C. Army D. Coast Guard

2. What makes the Marines very unique as compared to the other armed forces?

A. They use weapons.


B. They have short hair.
C. They are trained to fight on all types of terrain.
D. They prepare to defend the country.

3. How long does it usually take for a Marine mission to be planned and
executed?

A. One Day B. One Week

C. Two Weeks D. One Month

4. Where are the greatest amounts of the Marine Corp. stationed?

A. Canada B. The coasts of the USA

C. Turkey D. Japan

5. Do you want to be a Marine? ____________

Describe 3 reasons why or why not.

1.______________________________________________________________

2._______________________________________________________________

3._______________________________________________________________

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


22
Name ______________________ Date ____________

Clowning
Around
The first circus occurred in London, England, in 1768. A trick
rider named Philip Astley led this circus. Astley took the initiative to
introduce the circus to cities throughout Europe. By the early
nineteenth century a number of there were permanently based
circuses in major European cities. In addition, there were many
traveling shows as well. Traveling shows were often smaller and
less extravagant featuring jugglers, ropewalkers, fiddlers, and a few
acrobats. Many traveling shows took place in open public areas.
Performers at the smaller shows took up a public collection as a
means of payment.
John Bill Ricketts introduced the United States to the circus in
1792 in Philadelphia. George Washington reportedly attended the
circus and sold the circus a horse five years later. In the early
nineteenth century, the circus equestrian performances often stole
the show. As time past, acrobatics, animal acts, and clowns began
to evolve into a staple part of the act. During the 1820s, tents
become common in the circus.
The earliest of the circus clowns was Joseph Grimaldi, who
first appeared in England in 1805. Grimaldi's clown, called "Joey,"
specialized in the classic physical tricks including tumbling,
pratfalls, and classic slapstick. In the 1860s, a low-comedy comic
appeared under the name of Auguste, who had a big nose, baggy
clothes, large shoes, and untidy manners. He worked with a
whiteface clown and always spoiled the latter's trick by appearing at
the wrong time to mess things up.

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


23
Name ______________________ Date ____________

Clowning Around Answer Sheet

Directions: Circle the correct answer below.

1. In which country did the first circus take place?

A. Canada B. United States

C. Russia D. England

2. In which country did the first circus clowns appear?

A. Canada B. United States

C. Russia D. England

3. Who brought the circus to the America?

A. George Washington B. Joseph Grimaldi

C. Phillip Astley D. John Bill Ricketts

4. What did George Washington sell to the American circus?

A. Horse B. Cannon

C. Turkey D. Clown

5. Name 4 types of acts you will find at the circus.

1.______________________________________________________________

2._______________________________________________________________

3._______________________________________________________________

4._______________________________________________________________

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


24
Name ______________________ Date ____________

H2O
Pure water lacks taste and smell. All living things need
water in order to survive. Forty to ninety percent of the weight
of all organisms is water. The human body uses water to
remove waste and transport nutrients throughout the body.
Ancient philosophers thought of water as a true building
block from which all other liquids are created. Many people
held this view until the late eighteenth century when a British
chemist by the name of Cavendish made water by using a
mixture of hydrogen and oxygen.
Water is one of the only substances to occur as a solid,
liquid, and gas at ordinary temperatures. Ice, water in a solid
state, appears on the surface of large and sma ll bodies of
water during the winter. Water (liquid state) occurs as a liquid
at normal room temperature. Water vapor (gas) occurs as fog,
steam, and clouds.
Occasionally you will find that a glass of water that looks
cloudy. In a few minutes the glass of water clears up. The
cloudiness is due to tiny air bubbles in the water. Like any
bubbles, the air rises to the top of the water and goes into the
air, clearing up the water. As the water travels through the
pipes into your glass a small bit of air bubbles appear due the
pressure that the water is under as it travels through the pipes
and out of the faucet into your glass.

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


25
Name ______________________ Date ____________

H2O Answer Sheet

Directions: Circle the correct answer below.

1. What substance accounts for most of your body weight?

A. Water B. Carbon Dioxide

C. Oil D. Wax

2. What elements when added in the right combination make water?

A. Oil and Wax


B. Carbon and Oxygen.
C. Hydrogen and Oxygen.
D. Helium and Chlorine.

3. Who was the first scientist to make water chemically?

A. Newton B. Cavendish

C. Darwin D. Einstein

4. What causes the cloudiness of water when you pour it into a glass?

A. Lead pellets B. Fish

C. Rain D. Air bubbles

5. Describe three forms water can take on?

1.______________________________________________________________

2._______________________________________________________________

3._______________________________________________________________

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


26
Name ______________________ Date ____________

In the Time
of Dinosaurs

The word “dinosaur” comes from the Greek words that


mean “marvelous lizard”. Dinosaurs ruled the Earth between 65
million to over 230 million years ago. For this period, they ruled
as the dominant creatures of the Earth.
Dinosaur bones have been a part of human life since about
th
the 5 century AD. There are also many written references to
“Dragon Bones” in many 3rd century BC Chinese texts. The first
sets of dinosaur bones studied by experts were that of a
Megalosaurus. The bones were discovered in early 19th century
England. Later during the 19th century, similar dinosaur remains
were found in New Jersey, USA. To this day, scientists have
identified over 350 different types of dinosaurs found on all of
the continents.
There are many different opinions on how dinosaurs
became extinct. The leading theory is that a drastic
environmental change of some kind took place. Extremely high
temperatures, major volcanic eruptions, or the presence of toxic
gases have been citied as possible reasons for the loss of the
dinosaur population. There is also a possibility that the Earth
was struck by an extremely large asteroid or comet. There is a
great deal of evidence to support this theory. Researchers have
discovered a buried crater of over 124 miles across in the
Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico. This is thought to be the result of
a very large impact by a celestial object

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


27
Name ______________________ Date ____________

In the Time of Dinosaurs Answer Sheet

Directions: Circle the correct answer below.

1. What creature did ancient people think dinosaurs resembled?

A. Bears B. Lizards

C. Deer D. Horses

2. What event is not citied as a possible cause for the extinction of dinosaurs?

A. Aliens abducted dinosaurs.


B. A volcanic eruption.
C. Toxic gases.
D. The impact of a large asteroid to the Earth’s surface.

3. About how long ago did humans discover dinosaur bones?

A. 5000 years B. 3000 years

C. 1500 years D. 500 years

4. In what country do scientists feel that an extremely large asteroid struck the
Earth?

A. Spain B. Mexico

C. England D. France

5. Describe three theories of how dinosaurs met their extinction?

1.______________________________________________________________

2._______________________________________________________________

3._______________________________________________________________

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


28
Name ______________________ Date ____________

The Fourth
Rock from
the Sun

Mars is the fourth planet from the sun in our solar


system. Mars gets its name from the Roman god of war.
It received its name due the fiery red appearance it has
after dusk.
Mars is a small planet when compared to Earth.
Mars has one-tenth the mass of the Earth and is about
one-half the diameter of the Earth. Due to this difference
in size, gravity on Mars is much less than that of Earth. In
fact, your weight on Mars would be one third of what it is
on Earth.
A day on Mars is about one and a half hours longer
than an Earth day. It takes Mars two Earth years to
entirely rotate around the sun, making a year on Mars
equal to two Earth years.
The surface of Mars is more like Earth than any
other planet in our solar system. The surface temperature
is very harsh with temperatures ranging from -230° to
60°F.
Mars is home to the largest volcano in our solar
system, Olympic Mons. The top of the volcano is twice as
high as the highest point on Earth.

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


29
Name ______________________ Date ____________

The Fourth Rock from the Sun Answer Sheet

Directions: Circle the correct answer below.

1. Where does the Planet Mars get its name?

A. Roman God B. Candy bar

C. Rock Group D. River

2. Why do you weigh much less on Mars than on Earth?

A. Mars is a much larger planet than Earth.


B. Earth is a much larger planet than Mars.
C. All the scales on Mars are broken.
D. The atmosphere of Mars has no oxygen.

3. An Earth day is 24 hours. How long is a day on Mars?

A. 12 Hours B. 16.5 Hours

C. 24 Hours D. 25.5 Hours

4. As Earth rotates around the sun 10 times, how many times does Mars rotate
around the sun?

A. 1 time B. 3 times

C. 5 times D. 10 times

5. Describe three features of Planet Mars that differ from Planet Earth?

1.______________________________________________________________

2._______________________________________________________________

3._______________________________________________________________

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


30
Answers
Page 2- The Old Turtle Answer Sheet Page 10- Bridges Answer Sheet
1. C 1. D
2. D 2. A
3. A 3. C
4. C 4. B
5. A caruncle is a tooth that baby turtles 5. Build a suspension bridges or a floating
posses before they hatch. The caruncle is bridge.
used by the baby to break through the egg
shell. The caruncle disappears shortly after Page 12- Oranges Answer Sheet
the baby hatches. 1. C
2. A
Page 4- The American Flag Answer Sheet 3. B
1. C 4. B
2. B 5. Orange juice may reduce the prevalence
3. B of cancer and increase the efficiency of the
4. A human immune system.
5. B.J. Cigrand was a Wisconsin public
school teacher. He arranged for his Page 14- The Good Old Post Office
students to observe the first Flag Day on Answer Sheet
June 14th. He is credited with the initation 1. D
of Flag Day on June 14th. 2. C
3. D
Page 6- The Autumn Answer Sheet 4. A
1. D 5. The first digit indicates one of the ten
2. B main zones of the United States. The next
3. A two numbers indicate the metropolitan area
4. B and the final two numbers indicate an
5. Any four of the following: associated or branch post office.
-Days become shorter.
-Leaves turn color from green to red, yellow, Page 16- Sidewalk Surfing Answer Sheet
or orange. 1. D
-Frost develops. 2. A
-Temperatures drop and get colder. 3. B
-Animals begin to store fat for the winter. 4. B
-The leaves fall from the trees. 5. Riders should wear helmets and
protective equipment on all major joints.
Page 8- Out Of This World Answer Sheet
1. B Page 18- Story About Fire Answer Sheet
2. C 1. B
3. D 2. B
4. D 3. A
5. Mercury- Because it is so close to the sun 4. A
a space shuttle would burn up before it 5. Any four of the following:
reached Mercury. -Fire can be used to warm your body.
Pluto- It is very far from Earth and the Sun. -Fire can be used to cook food.
It is so far from the Sun that a space shuttle -Fire can be used to light an area.
would freeze before it reached Pluto. -Fire can be used as a defensive weapon.
-Fire can be used to make energy.
-Fire can be used to dispose of waste.
-Fire can be used to make energy.

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


31
Page 20- About Tiger Answer Sheet Page 26- H2O Answer Sheet
1. D 1. A
2. A 2. C
3. C 3. B
4. C 4. D
5. Any of the following four: 5. The are:
-Solid in the form of ice.
-Tiger had two hole-in-ones before the age -Liquid in its normal (room temperature)
of six. form.
-Tiger was the youngest player to ever win -Gas in the form of water vapor.
the United States Golf Association Junior
National Championship; he was 15. Page 28- In the Time of Dinosaurs
-Tiger was awarded a golf scholarship to Answer Sheet
Stanford University. 1. B
-Tiger named the PAC-10 Conference 2. A
player of the year (1995). 3. C
-He won the National Collegiate Athletic 4. B
Association individual championship. 5. Any three of the following:
-He won three straight United States -The temperature rose greatly and they
Amateur Championships. could not handle the heat.
-He joined the Professional Golfers' -A major volcanic eruption changed
Association Tour in 1996. conditions on the Earth.
- He became the first professional golfer to -Toxic gases may have been present.
win all four major professional titles in a row. -The Earth may have been struck by a
comet or asteroid.
Page 22- The Few… The Proud… Answer
Sheet Page 30- The Fourth Rock from the Sun
1. B Answer Sheet
2. C 1. A
3. C 2. B
4. B 3. D
5. Refer to passage on page 21. 4. C
5. Any of the following three:
Page 24- Clowning Around Answer Sheet -Mars is red in appearance; the Earth is
1. D blue.
2. D -Mars is smaller than Earth.
3. D -Mars has less gravity than Earth.
4. A -A day on Mars is one and half-hours longer
5. You may find any of these four: on Earth.
-Jugglers -It takes twice as long for Mars to revolve
-Ropewalkers around the Sun.
-Fiddlers -The surface temperature ranges on Mars
-Clowns are much colder and hotter than on Earth.
-Acrobats -Mars has much larger volcanoes.
-Animal Acts
-Equestrian Performances

Teachnology, Inc. 2002


32