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I Ðû¦è[ª- þ¼÷ªî¦ô¢Ù 15 ÎÞœú£ªd 2005

PRONUNCIATION GUIDE Tara: Îõú£uÙ Ú¥ÚÛªÙè¯ ÑÙè[-è¯-EÚ¨ ví£óŸª-
★ Countable singulars ÷³Ùë]ª êŸí£pÚÛ article
Ao-þ§hìª.
Chandra: ìªîµy-í£±pè[«
'a'
î¦è¯L. Îõ-ú£u. ¸ôí£±
a book, a pen, etc.
Íô³û¦ ú£÷ª-óŸ«-EÚ¨ ô¦.
Tara: û¶ìª ¸ôí£± Îõ-ú£uÙÞ¥ ô¦û¶-ô¦ìª.
ÏÚÛ\è[ 'a' pronunciation- ‘Ó’ Ú¥ë]ª. Ó ñªÚÂ, Ó ÷ªìÙ ÏÚÛ\è[ ìªÙ# Óí£±pè[ª ñóŸª-
šíûË – ÏÚÛ\è[ ú£J-Ú¥ë]ª. ÏÚÛ\è[ article 'a'ìª pro-
e õª-ë¶-ô¢ê¦Ù?
nounce à¶óŸ«-Lqì NëÅ]Ù êµLóŸªâ¶›ú Þœªô¢ªh ' '. ÏC Chandra: Ñë]óŸªÙ í£CÙæ¨Ú¨ (êŸí£p-ÚÛªÙè¯)
ë¯ë¯í£± êµõªÞœª ‘Í’ êÁ ú£÷«-ì-÷ª-÷±-꟪ÙC. Ú¥ñæ¨d 'a ñóŸª-õª-ë¶-ô¢ê¦Ù.
book' = Í ñªÚÂ
2) Basheer: ÿ§ô¢«Ú ÏÚÛ\è[ Óí£±p-è[ªÙæ°è[ª?
'a pen' = Í šíûËÂ etc.
Roshan:
Íö°¸Þ about, above - ë¯ë¯í£± ab- combinations Ñë]óŸªÙ í£D-í£-CÚ¨ êŸí£p-ÚÛªÙè¯
Basheer: I shall be a little late. But you
e
êÁ ÷à¶a ÷«å-õ-Eo-æ¨ö˺ 'a' E ' ' (êµõªÞœª– Í) ÏÚÛ\è[ ÑÙæ°è[ª. áìE: ìª÷±y êŸí£pÚÛ ô¦î¦L. ÍD Îõú£uÙ
Basheer: ù£«æ¨ÙÞ Ñë]óŸªÙ í£ë]-Ú•Ù-è…Ù-æ¨- Ú¥ÚÛªÙè¯. (ÍD = That too) shall make every thing ready by
øŒñlÙêÁ í£õª-ÚÛª-ê¦ô¢ª. 10.30 AM
about = Íò®æËÀ (ò®– ûË•Ú¨\ í£õ-Ú¥L) Óò˺æËÀ– Ú¥ë]ª.
ÚÛö°x vð§ô¢ÙòÅ¡Ù Ú¥î¦L. ví‡óŸª: ìª÷±y êŸí£p-ë]Ùç¶ û¶ìª ÚÛ#a-êŸÙÞ¥
Roshan: indefinite
(ÏÚÛ\è[ ú£Ùë¶ï£°Ù – I shall be)
– Ú¥ñæ¨d
above = Íò®îË (ò®– ûË•Ú¨\ í£õ-Ú¥L) Óò˺– Ú¥ë]ª.
êŸí£p-ÚÛªÙè¯ vð§ô¢ÙòÅ¡÷ª÷±-꟪ÙC. ÷þ§hìª. Oªæ¨ÙÞ çµjîªڨ vð§ô¢Ù-òÅ¡-÷ª-
Basheer: û¶ìª ¸ôí£± Ú¥ú£h Îõ-ú£uÙÞ¥ ÷þ§h- ÷±-꟪Ùë¯? Roshan: What about refreshments for
û¶îµ«. ìª÷±y ÷«vêŸÙ Ñë]óŸªÙ (ìª÷±y êŸí£p-ë]Ùç¶ = if you insist, insist = them?

ÏÙUxùà ڥë]ª... ÏÙTxùÃ!
10.30 Ú¨ ÍÙê¦ ú‡ë]lÄÙ à¶óŸ«L. ÖÚÛ Nù£óŸªÙ Oªë] í£åªd-ë]-õÞ¥ ÑÙè[è[Ù. Ïí£±pè¶ Basheer: Ameer shall take care of them.
3) Karim: You shall attend Namaz on Friday.

Roshan: Íô³ê¶ ÷à¶aî¦üŒxÚÛª JvšíÆ-ùÃ-ÙæËÀq îµü‹x-õE í£åªd-ñ-è[ª-꟪-û¦oè[ª – He insists on Kowser: I am new to this place/I am a
(æ¨íƇûËÂ) ú£ÙÞœ-ê¶Ùæ¨? going now) stranger here. Which Masjid
Basheer: î¦æ¨ Nù£óŸªÙ ÎOªôÂ àŸ«ú£ª-ÚÛªÙ- áìE: þ§óŸªÙvêŸÙ 4.15Ú¨ vð§ô¢ÙòÅ¡Ù Ú¥î¦L. (Mosque) shall we go to?
æ°è[ª. (take care î¦è[Ùè…) ví‡óŸª: ú£¸ô. Karim: There is one nearby. We shall go
3) Karim: ìª÷±y øŒ‰vÚÛ-î¦ô¢Ù ì÷«-âÉÀÚÛª ô¦î¦L. to it. You shall come here at
Kowser: û¶F ÒJÚ¨ Ú•êŸh. Ô ÷ªúˆëÂÚ¨ 12.30 PM. You shall not be late.
îµüŒê¦Ù? (÷ªúˆëÂ=Masjid or Kowser: I won't (will not) be late. Shall I
Mosque) bring along my friend?

ÎÙÞœxòÅ°ù£é 33
Karim: ÏÚÛ\-è…Ú¨ ë]Þœ_-ô¢-ö˺û¶ ÖÚÛ ÷ªúˆë ÑÙC. Karim: Don't you know that much?
What shall we discuss at the meeting? ë¯E·ÚüŒê¦Ù. ÷ªëůuoÙ 12.30Ú¨ According to the Koran you shall
bring to prayer as many as pos-

ìªNy-ÚÛ\-è…Ú¨ ô¦î¦L. Îõú£uÙ à¶óŸª-ÚÛ«-
ÖÚÛ-÷«-åö˺ ÑÙè¶ øŒò°l-õìª syllables ÍÙæ°ô¢ª. sible.
Answers:
è[ë]ª.
sentence Íû¶ í£ë]Ùö˺'sen' ÖÚÛ syllable, tence Kowser: û¶ìª Îõú£uÙ à¶óŸªìª. û¦ všíÆÙèÂìª 4) Priya: What shall we discuss at the
÷ªôÁ syllable Í÷±-꟪ÙC. ÍÙç¶ sentence Íû¶C ÚÛ«è¯ Bú£ª-ÚÛª- 1) Chandra: I will be (I'll be) here tomorrow. meeting?
two syllables ÚÛõ-ô³ÚÛ Íìo÷«å. ô¦û¦? My brother shall also be here. Janani: We shall/ We will/ Let us discuss
English (ÏÙTxùÖ ÏÙUxùà ڥë]ª) òÅ°ù£ö˺ êµõª-Þœª- Karim: Î ÷«vêŸÙ Tara: When shall I see you (meet the arrangements for the college
ö˺ö°Þ¥ Ú¥ÚÛªÙè¯ ÖÚÛ ÷«å í£L¸Úå-í£±pè[ª Î ÷«å- êµMë¯? you) tomorrow, then? day next week.
ö˺E ÖÚÛ syllableìª NªÞœê¦ syllables ÚÛÙç¶ Üªô¦ûË Chandra: You shall come as early as Priya: Do you want me to come?/
ÓÚÛª\÷Þ¥ ûË•Ú¨\-í£-õª-ÚÛª-ê¦ô¢ª. Ð í£õÚÛè¯Eo stress ví£Ú¥ô¢Ù ÓÙêŸ- possible. Your brother shall Shall I come?
ÍÙæ°ô¢ª. DEo dictionaryö˺ ' Þœªô¢ªh ë¯yô¦ àŸ«í‡- ÷ªÙCE Oõ- come too. You shall not be late. Janani: You shall come. That too, on
þ§hô¢ª. Tara: I'll (I will) try my best not to be time/ without being late.
' ô³ê¶ ÍÙêŸ-
eg. English- English – ÍÙç¶ ‘Ï’ øŒò°lEo ûË•Ú¨\ ÷ªÙ-CE Bú£ª-ÚÛª- M. SURESAN late. Priya: If you insist, I will come. Will the
í£õ-Ú¥-õ-ìo-÷«å. Chandra: You are always late. Come meeting being on time.
a'bove - ÏÚÛ\è[ b êÁ ÑÙè¶ syllable ìª
ô¦-î¦L.
(ܪô¦ûË ví£Ú¥ô¢Ù = According to early tomorrow at least. Janani: It shall at 4.15 PM.
ÓÚÛª\÷ stress à¶ú‡ ë¯Eo ûË•Ú¨\ í£õ-Ú¥L. the Koran) Tara: I will not be (won't be) late, I Priya: OK.
Ú¨ÙC î¦Ú¥u-õìª ÏÙTx-ùÃö˺ practice à¶óŸªÙè…. assure you. When shall we

Oªô¢« ô¦óŸªÙè…!
4) ví‡óŸª: ÷ªìÙ Oªæ¨Ù-ÞÂö˺ ÔÙ àŸJaë¯lÙ? start from here?
1) Chandra: û¶ìª ¸ôí£± ÏÚÛ\è[ (êŸí£pÚÛ) ÑÙæ°ìª. (àŸJaÙ-àŸè[Ù = discuss, meeting ö˺ Chandra: We will start at 10 AM.
÷« vñë]ôÂÚÛ«è¯ (êŸí£pÚÛ) ÑÙæ°è[ª. = at the meeting)
Tara: Íô³ê¶ ¸ôí£± Eûµo-í£±pè[ª ÚÛõ-÷-Þœ-õìª? áìE: ÷à¶a î¦ô¢Ù college day Ôô¦påªx 2) Basheer: When will Sharook be here? þ¼p·ÚûË ÏÙTxùÃö˺ Oª ú£Ùë¶ï£„õìª
Chandra: F·ÚÙêŸ êŸyô¢Þ¥ Oõ-ô³ê¶ ÍÙêŸ àŸJaë¯lÙ. Roshan: He shall be here at 10.10AM.
þ¼p·ÚûË ÏÙTxùÃ, ví£AòÅ¡èµúÃ\, Ðû¦è[ª,
êŸyô¢Þ¥ ô¦î¦L. Oª Íìo ÚÛ«è¯ (college day Ôô¦påªx = arrange- Basheer: The shooting shall begin at 11
þ¼÷«>Þœ«è[, šïj°ë]ô¦ò°ë–82
ô¦î¦L. ìª÷±y Îõú£uÙ à¶óŸª-ÚÛ«- ment for the college day) AM.
#ô¢ªû¦÷«ÚÛª í£Ùí‡ÙàŸ÷àŸªa.
Roshan: It shall (begin).
è[ë]ª. ví‡óŸª: ììªo ô¢÷ªtÙ-æ°î¦? email: pratibha@ eenadu.net

ví£øŒo: êµõªÞœª–ÏÙTxùà è…ÚÛ{vFõª î¦è¯-Lqì Í÷- Nù£óŸªÙ English ö˺ you, singular (ìª÷±y), êŸí£p-ÚÛªÙè¯ áJ¸Þ í£ìª-õìª) ÞœªJÙ# àµñª-꟪ìo ví£øŒo: I wish I had joined the Army.
ú£ô¢Ù ÔNªæ¨? plural (Oªô¢ª). Íô³ê¶ verb Nù£-óŸªÙö˺ you sentences Past actions
ÏN. ÚÛª çµjîª àµGê¶ I wish I joined Army.
– ÷ªÙVõ, ÎëÁE êŸô¦yêŸ Óí£±pè[« plural verb ÷«vêŸî¶ª î¦è¯L. Íí£±pè[ªPast Doing Word ÷ú£ªhÙC. šíj šíj ·ôÙè[ª î¦Ú¥uö˺x ÔC Ô ú£Ùë]-ô¢sÄÙö˺
áî¦ñª: English-Telugu dictionary ÓÙêŸ 'How are you?' ÍÙç¶ (you ÚÛª Óí£±pè[« plu-
ral verb) áî¦ñª– 'I am fine' Íìè[Ù î¦è[ª¸Ú.
î¦Ú¥uõª
forms
Regular actions
ÚÛ·ô¸Úd.
Ú¥ñæ¨d verb î¦è¯L? ·ôÙè…Ùæ¨ ÷ªëÅ]u ê¶è¯ ÔNªæ¨?
Ñí£-óµ«-Þœ-ÚÛô¢îµ« Telugu-English dictionary
ví£øŒo: See, Watch õ ÷ªëÅ]u ê¶è¯ ÔNªæ¨?
– Þœí£²ôÂ, õ·Úq-æ¨d-›íå
ÚÛ«è¯ ÍÙê¶ Ñí£-óµ«-Þœ-ÚÛô¢Ù. Îî¦õª, NªJ- Íô³ê¶ Oªô¢ª ÚÛªøŒ-õ÷« Íì-è¯-EÚ¨ 'Are you
fine?' ÍìÙ. 'How are you?', 'Are you
áî¦ñª: 'I wish I joined the army' ÍÙç¶
óŸ«õª ö°Ùæ¨ ÷«å-õÚÛª English Ú¥î¦-õÙç¶ I see movie. Ïí£±pè[ª û¶ìª Armyö˺ à¶Jê¶ ÓÙêŸ ò°ÞœªÙ-
OK?' ÷Ùæ¨ ÷«åõª î¦è[ê¦Ù. I watch movie
ê¶LÞ¥_ ë•ô¢ª-ÚÛ-ê¦ô³. English ÷«æ°x-è¶-å-í£±pè[ª
ví£øŒo: Present Perfect Tense ô¦›ú-å-í£±pè[ª
åªÙC– ÍE.
ú£ï£„-óŸª-í£-è[ª-꟪ÙC. – ÍÙæ°Ù. ÔC ÚÛ·ôÚÂd?Eg. ÍÙç¶ Íô¢nÙ 'I wish I had joined the army! ÍÙç¶
ví£øŒo: You, He, She Íû¶N singular forms. EJl-ù£dÙÞ¥ time/ period àµí£pô¢ª ÚÛë¯!
Oªô¢ª
ÔNªæ¨? Eg., Ex. õö˺ ÔC ÚÛ·ôÚÂd.
– ÖÚÛ ð§ôÈ¢-ÚÛªè[ª, ÷«àŸô¢x
ÞœêŸÙö˺ û¶ìª Army ö˺ à¶J ÑÙç¶ ÓÙêŸ
Singulars ìª êµL-óŸª-⶛ú ÷³Ùë]ª
áî¦ñª:
ò°ÞœªÙ-è¶C– ÍE.
verb singularö˺ ÑÙè¯L. Ú¥F ÷ªìÙ
I have coffee in the morning.
My mother has breakfast at 8 AM.
I see movies, I watch movies ví£øŒo: Have been, has been, had been
ôÁW ÷«æ°xè¶ òÅ°ù£ö˺ How are you, ·ôÙè[« ÚÛ·ô¸Úd. Íô³ê¶ am seeing/ is seeing/ Íû¶ í£ë¯-õìª î¦ÚÛuÙö˺ Óö°Ùæ¨ ú£Ùë]-
Are you fine? ÍÙæ°Ù. Oæ¨ö˺ are
ÍE ô¦ø‹ô¢ª ÚÛ·ô-¸Údû¦? are seeing î¦è[Ù Ú¥ñæ¨d, ë¯E ñë]ªõª am ô¦sÄö˺x Ñí£-óµ«-T-þ§hô¢ª? Have, has,
– >. ø™yêŸ, ÎC-ö°-ò°ë watching/ is watching/ are watching had õìª Ô tenseö˺x î¦è[-ê¦ô¢ª?
áî¦ñª: I have coffee in the morning.
ÓÙë]ªÚÛª î¦è[-ê¦ô¢ª?
– ô¢N, Ná-óŸª-ì-Þœô¢Ù î¦è¯L. – ÓÙ. ÎÙá-û¶-óŸ³õª, ·Ú. û¦¸Þ-øŒy-ô¢-ô¦÷±,
áî¦ñª: Englishö˺ singular form of the My mother has breakfast at 8 AM. e.g.- ÏC for example (Ñë¯--ô¢-éÚÛª) îµ³õ-Þœ-÷Lx
verb î¦è¯-LqÙC ÍEo singular subjects ÚÛª
Ð sentences ö˺ ÷ªìÙ past actions
(ÞœêŸÙö˺ áJ-Tì í£ìª-õìª) ÞœªJÙ# Ú¥ë]ª-ÚÛë¯
Íû¶ë¯EÚ¨ abbreviation.
e.g.- Íû¶C ÚÛ·ôÚÂd. ex ÚÛ·ôÚÂd Ú¥ë]ª. ÍC exer-
áî¦ñª: þ¼p·ÚûË ÏÙTxùÃ ÞœêŸ Lessons ö˺
Ú¥ë]ª. III person- singular subjectsÚÛª ÷«æ°xè[ªêÁÙC. Regular actions (vÚÛ÷ªÙ cise Ú¨ abbreviation.
have been, has been, have, has Ñí£-óµ«-
÷«vêŸî¶ª singular verbs î¦è[ê¦Ù. ·ôÙèÁ Þ¥õª N÷JÙà¦Ù. àŸ«è[Ùè….