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I -Ñ-Ø√-úø’ í∫’®Ω’-¢√®Ωç 25

-Çí∫Ææ’d 2005

Jagadeesh: I came for you yesterday. You Åçõ‰ verbsèπ◊ verb form: was + ing / Were
were out. + ing.
(E†o ؈’ FéÓÆæç ´î√a†’. Singular subjects (I, he, she, it, they)©èπ◊
†’Nyçöx ™‰´¤) was + ing ¢√úøû√ç. Plural subjects (we, you,
You were out = †’´¤y Éçöx ™‰´¤. they) Å®·ûË were + ing Å´¤-ûª’çC.
Were you in? = †’Nyçöx -ÖØ√o¢√? (English ™ you = †’´¤y / O’®Ω’; à Å®Ωnç™
îª÷úøçúÕ. Ñ in, out, be forms ™«çöÀ *†o- Å®·Ø√ ÅC plural verb ûÓØË ¢√úøû√ç)
´÷ô©ûÓØË áçûÓ conversation †úø-°æ-´îª’a. *†o- Was + ing / were + ing form™ verb, past
*†o Ææ®Ω-∞¡-¢Á’i† ´÷ô-©ûÓ spoken english ´÷ö«x-úÕ- continuous tense ™ Öçô’çC.
ûËØË ÅC Ææ£æ«-ïçí¬ ÅE°œ-Ææ’hçC. *†o ´÷ô-©-èπ◊çúË éÀçC sentences îª÷úøçúÕ.
ÅEo ¶µ«¢√-©†’ ûÁ©’-Ææ’-éÓ-´úøç conversation èπ◊ a) Åûª†’ ™°æ-LéÀ ´*a-†-°æ¤púø’ ؈’ °æ¤Ææhéπç îªü¿’-´¤- While the teacher was teaching the
Pradeep: Ç¢Á’ TV îª÷≤ÚhçC.
î√™« ´·êuç. ûª’Ø√o = I was reading a book when he pupils were talking
Jayanth: I was at Sekhar's. I was playing Pratap: Åûª†’ ´Ææ’hØ√oúøE O’Èé-´-Jéà ûÁL-
came in. Ñ ¢√éπuç™ teacher teach îËߪ’úøç, °œ©x©’
chess with him. b) ¢Ë’´·
ߪ’ü∆?
•ßª’-ôèπ◊ ´*a-†-°æ¤púø’ áçúø-í¬ØË ÖçC = ´÷ö«x-úø’ûª÷ Öçúøúøç– È®çúø’ Continuous past Pradeep: Åûª†’ ´Ææ’h-Ø√o-úøE ûÁ©’Ææ’. é¬F
(؈’ ¨Ïê®˝ ¢√Rxçöx ÖØ√o†’. ¨Ïê-®˝ûÓ The sun was shining when we went out. actions éπü∆! Åçü¿’-éπE was + ing / were + ing.
îÁÆˇ Çúø’-ûª’-Ø√o†’) ÅûªEûÓ§ƒô’ úø•’s BÆæ’-éÌ-Ææ’h-†oô’x
´÷èπ◊ ûÁL-ߪ’ü¿’.

You were out
ANSWERS:

a) I saw her when she was going out.
b) He was studying while she was cooking.
c) Venkat: What were you doing when all
this happen?
Vinai: I was reading the newspaper.
Sekhar's
Åçõ‰ î√©’; Sekhar's home,
Éô’-´ç-öÀ-îÓôx á°æ¤púø÷ Venkat: Didn't you (Did you not)
'while' ¢√úøû√ç. observe the watch on the
Sekhar's place ÅØ√Lq† °æE-™‰ü¿’
Jagadeesh: On my way home I saw your -Ççí∫x-¶µ«-≠æ-ù 38 while
She was singing
her students
table?
father and his friend. They Vinai: I've (I have) told you/ I told you,
were dancing I was reading the newspaper.
were taking a walk. c) Warden ™°æL-éÌ*a†°æ¤púø’ °œ©x©’ (pupils) (Ç¢Á’ §ƒúø’-ûª’-†o- Venkat: He stole the watch while you
(؈’ ÉçöÀ-Èé∞Ïx ü∆J™ O’ Ø√†o-í¬®Ω’, Çߪ’† îªü¿’-´¤-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o®Ω’ = The pupils were study- M. SURESAN
°æ¤púø’ Ç¢Á’ Nü∆u-®Ω’n©’ were reading the newspaper.
ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’úŒo îª÷¨»†’. ¢√∞¡Ÿx †úø’-Ææ’h-Ø√o®Ω’) ing when the Warden came in. dance îËÆæ’h-Ø√o®Ω’)
Jayanth: Why did you come for me? d) Pradeep: I was studying while they were
d) E†oçû√ ´®Ω{ç èπ◊®Ω’Ææ÷hØË ÖçC = It was rain- What were you doing when he knocked playing
(Ø√éÓÆæç áçü¿’-éÌ-î√a´¤?) ing the whole of yesterday. at the door?
Jagadeesh: I was just going this way. I Pratap: What was your mother doing?
e) °ü¿l ¨¡•lç NE-°œç-*-†-°æ¤púø’ ؈’ ¶µçîË-Ææ’hØ√o =
thought of seeing you. Nothing
(¢√úø’ ûª©’°æ¤ ûªöÀd-†-°æ¤púø’ †’¢Ëyç îËÆæ’h-Ø√o´¤?) Pradeep: She was watching the TV
I was having my meal when I heard that Ééπ\úø îËÆæ’h-Ø√o´¤ ņúøç continuous past
special. Pratap: Didn't (Did not) any of you
noise. action éπü∆ – 鬕öÀd 'were you doing?'
(Ñ ü∆JØË ¢Á∞¡Ÿh-Ø√o†’. E†’o îª÷ü∆l-´’-†’- know that he was coming?
í∫´’-Eç-îªçúÕ– °j ¢√é¬u™x í∫ûªç™ ï®Ω’-í∫’ûª÷ The boy jumped from the bus while it Pradeep: We knew that he was coming,
èπ◊Ø√o. à v°æûËu-éπ-¢Á’i† ÖüËl-¨¡çûÓ é¬ü¿’) Ö†o °æ†’-©†’ (Continuous actions in the past- was moving
Jayanth: Weren't (were not) my brother but we didn't know he was
actions over a duration in the past) was + ing
and sister at home when you
(•Ææ’q ¢Á∞¡Ÿ-ûª’-†o-°æ¤púø’ ¢√úø’ ü¿÷Íé-¨»úø’) bringing money.
/ were + ing form™ îÁ§ƒhç. Now, Practice the following in English
called? Important: ≤ƒ´÷-†uçí¬ Ñ éÀçC verbs†’
(†’´¤y ´*a-†-°æ¤púø’ ´÷ brother, sister
°j ¢√öÀ™x– (Ææçü¿-®√s¥Eo •öÀd ÅEo verb forms ¢√úøçúÕ) was + ing/ were + ing form™ ¢√úøúøç Å®Ω’ü¿’.
a) Åûª†’ ™°æ-LéÀ ´*a-†-°æ¤púø’ ؈’ °æ¤Ææhéπç îª-ü¿’´¤- a) Ç¢Á ’ •ßª ’ôèπ◊ ¢Á∞¡Ÿ-ûª ’-†o-°æ¤púø’ ØËØ√-¢Á ’†’ Åçõ‰ Ñ éÀçC verbs ü∆ü∆°æ¤ ¢√úøç. Was see-
Éçöx ™‰®√?) ûª÷ç-úøúøç continuing past action 鬕öÀd
call = °œ©-´úøç, call at = äéπ-îÓ-öÀéÀ ¢Á∞¡xúøç.
îª÷¨»†’. ing/ were seeing; was noticing/ were notic-
was reading (was + ing)
؈’ E†o O’ ÉçöÀ-éÌî√a = I called at your place b) ¢√úø’ îªü¿’-´¤-èπ◊ç-ô’çõ‰ Ç¢Á’ ´çô îË≤ÚhçC. ing; (´Ææ’h-´¤© ¢√Ææ† í∫’Jç*)was smelling/ were
b) ¢Ë’´· •ßª’-ôèπ◊ ´*a-†-°æ¤púø’ áçúøí¬ Öçúøúøç
yesterday. c) Venkat: Éü¿çû√ ïJ-T-†-°æpúø’ †’¢Ëyç îËÆæ’h- smelling; was believing/ were believing; was
continuing action in the past, 鬕öÀd was
ÉC èπÿú≈ spoken english expression. shining (was + ing)
Ø√o´¤? knowing/ were knowing; was understanding/
practiceîËߪ’çúÕ. Vinai: ؈’ news paper îªü¿’-´¤-ûª’-Ø√o†’. were understanding; was wanting/ were
c) warden ™°æ-L-éÌ-*a-†-°æ¤púø’ °œ©x©’ (pupils)
He often calls at his uncle's =Åûª†’ Venkat: Table O’ü¿’†o watch E í∫´’-Eç-îª- wanting; was loving/ were loving; was hating/
ûª®Ωîª÷ îªü¿’-´¤-ûª÷ç-úøúøç - a continuous past action
¢√∞¡x uncle ÉçöÀéÀ ¢Á∞¡-û√úø’ - 鬕öÀd were studying (were + ing)
™‰ü∆? were hating; was containing/ were contain-
Jagadeesh: They were, of course. They Vinai: îÁ§ƒp†’ éπü∆ ؈’ news paper îªü¿’- ing; was consisting/ were consisting; was
d) ´®Ω{ç èπ◊®Ω´úøç E†oçû√ é̆-≤ƒ-í∫’-ûª÷ØË ÖçC –
were watching the T.V. a continuing past action 鬕öÀd – was rain- ´¤-ûª’-Ø√o†’ possessing/ were possessing etc. Oô-EoçöÀ
°j Ææ綵«-≠æ-ù™ verbs í∫´’-Eç-îªçúÕ. ing (was +ing) Venkat: †’´¤y news paper îªü¿’-´¤-ûª’-†o- •ü¿’©’ ¢√öÀ-¢√öÀ past doing words¢√úøû√ç.
Verbs Forms e) ØË-†’ ¶µçîË-Ææ’hç-úø-úøç a continuing past action °æ¤púø’ ¢√úø’ watch üÌçT-Lç-î√úø’. eg: He loved her.
1. Was playing - was +...ing 鬕öÀd was having (was + ing) (üÌçT-Lç-îªúøç = steal) (He was loving her é¬ü¿’)
2. Were taking - were+... ing ÉC-èπÿú≈ îª÷úøçúÕ. d) Pradeep: ؈ ’ îªü¿’-´¤-èπ◊ç-ô ’-†-°æ¤púø’ ¢√-∞¡Ÿx She understood his point.
3. Was going - was+... ing Teacher §ƒ®∏Ωç îÁ°æ¤ h-†-°æ¤púø’ °œ©x©’ ´÷ö«x-úø’- Çúø’-èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o®Ω’. (She was understanding his point
4. Were watching - were+...ing èπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o®Ω’ Pratap: O’ Å´’t-í¬Í®ç îËÆæ’h-Ø√o®Ω’? é¬ü¿’) N’í∫-û√-¢√-öÀéÀ èπÿú≈ ÅçûË.

v°æ¨¡o: 1) I am having lunch v°æ¨¡o: Present perfect tense, present perfect (ûËú≈ Ææ÷éπ~ tçí¬ Present perfect - É°æp-öÀ-´-®Ωèπ◊, Present
2) They are having juice continuous tense © ´’üµ¿u ûËú≈ àN’öÀ? perfect continuous - á°æp-ô’oçîÓ Éçé¬). Å®·ûË OöÀ
3) She is having a bath They have been living here for 10 years, È®çöÀéÀ î√™«-´’-ô’èπ◊ áèπ◊\´ ûËú≈-™‰-ü¿ØË îÁ°æp-´îª’a. Éçûª-èπ◊-
4) He is having a lesson They have lived here for 10 years. ûËú≈ N´- ´·çü¿’ lessons™ OöÀ í∫’Jç* îªJaç--èπ◊Ø√oç.
OöÀ™ àN éπÈ®é˙d, àN é¬ü¿’. N´-Jç-îª-í∫-©®Ω’. Jç-îª-í∫-©®Ω’. b) They have been living here for 10 years -
– öÀ.N.-®Ω-´’-ù- π◊-´÷®˝, ï´’t-©-´’-úø’í∫’, – ®√∞¡x-•çúÕ Ææçí∫ç-Ø√-ߪ·úø’, ï®Ω-ñ«-°æ¤-Ê°ô, 10 à∞¡Ÿxí¬ Ééπ\úø Öçô’-Ø√o®Ω’ – É°æp-öÀéà Éçé¬

ï¢√•’: O’®Ω’ ®√Æœ† ¢Á·ü¿öÀ ´‚úø’ ¢√é¬u-©™ am ï¢√•’: a) Present Perfect tense †’ éÌçûª-鬩ç éÀçü¿
éπúø°æ >™«x Nï-ߪ’-†-í∫®Ωç >™«x Ééπ\úË ÖØ√o®Ω’
They have lived here for 10 years -
having lunch, are having juice, is having v§ƒ®Ωç-¶µº-¢Á’i-†-°æp-öÀ-´-®Ωèπ◊ ïJ-T† °æ†’-©èπ◊ 10 à∞¡Ÿxí¬ ¢√∞¡Ÿx Ééπ\úø ÖØ√o®Ω’. É°æp-öÀ-´-®Ωèπÿ ÖØ√o®Ω’.
a bath éπÈ®é˙d. 'He is having a lesson' ™ is ¢√úøû√ç. Present Perfect Continuous É°æ¤p-úø’-Ø√o®√, ™‰ü∆ ÅØË N≠æߪ’ç Ñ
having a lesson éπÈ®é˙d é¬ü¿’. 'He has a les- Tense †’ éÌçûª-鬩ç éÀçü¿ v§ƒ®Ωç-¶µº¢Á’i Éçé¬ Sentence -îÁ°æpü¿’.
son' ņúøç better. ï®Ω’-í∫’-ûª’†o °æ†’-©èπ◊ ¢√úøû√ç.