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I -Ñ-Ø√-úø’ -Ç-C-¢√®Ωç 28 -Çí∫Ææ’d 2005 Bharat: You were reading a book yester- 11. ours ´÷C day. Whose book was that? 12. their ¢√J, ¢√∞¡x (E†o †’¢Óy °æ¤Ææhéπç îªü¿’-´¤-ûª’-Ø√o´¤. 13. theirs ¢√JC, ¢√∞¡xC, ¢√JN, ¢√∞¡xN ÅC á´J °æ¤Ææhéπç?) °j ´÷ô-©Fo èπÿú≈ äéπ-JéÀ îÁçC-†-¢√-öÀE Bhargav: My book of course. I lent you a (Possessions) ûÁ©’-°æ¤-û√®·. ´’† English book last week. I want it back this ´·êuçí¬ spoken english simple í¬, Ææ£æ«ïçí¬ evening. If your assignment is Öçúø-ú≈-EéÀ OöÀ ¢√úø’éπ ûÁ©’-Ææ’-éÓ-´úøç î√™« ´·êuç. complete, let me have it. It is not Prakash: Whose idea is this? mine. (ÉC á´J idea?) (Ø√ °æ¤Ææh-éπ¢Ë’. ¢√®Ωç-éÀçü¿ FéÓ °æ¤Ææhéπç Prasad: My idea. Why? Is it not so good Éî√a†’. Ñ ≤ƒßª’çvûªç Ø√éπC 鬢√L. as your idea? ü∆EûÓ F °æE Å®·-§ÚûË ÉîÁaß˝’. ÅC (Ø√ idea. àç? F idea Åçûª ¶«í¬ ™‰ü∆?) Ø√C é¬ü¿’) Prakash: It is certainly better than my idea. a) ÉC á´J °æ¤Ææhéπç? = whose book is this? Kasim: Åûªúø’ F bike BÆæ’-Èé-∞«xú≈? (Lent - Lend èπ◊ Past doing word. Lend- Only, I thought it was your dad's ÉüË ÉçéÓ-N-üµ¿çí¬, Krishna: ÅC Ø√C é¬ü¿’. ÅC ÅûªúÕ bike. Å®Ω’-N-´yúøç) (his) idea. Ñ °æ¤Ææhéπç á´-JC? = Whose is this book? Ø√D, ¢√úÕD äÍ陫 Öçö«®·. Bharat: Not yours? Whose is it then? b) I) ÅC Ø√ °æ¤Ææhéπç= That is my book (™‰ü¿’. Ø√ idea éπØ√o ÅüË ¶«í∫’çC. Å®·ûË Ø√C éÌçûª §ƒûªC. (FC é¬ü∆? âûË ´’È®-´-JC?) Å®·ûË ØˆC O’ Ø√†o-í¬J idea ņ’- ii) Ç °æ¤Ææhéπç Ø√C = That book is mine Bhargav: I got it from Ramu. It is his book. c) i) ÉC F Ææ©£æ… = This is your advice 3) Avinash: áçü¿’èπ◊ É©’x ë«S îËÆæ’h-Ø√o´¤? ÉC This note book is his too. èπ◊Ø√o) Prakash: No. My mom thinks better than ii) Ñ Ææ©£æ… Fü∆? = Is this advice yours? O’C é¬ü∆? (؈C ®√´· ü¿í∫_®Ω †’ç* BÆæ’-èπ◊- Alankar: ´÷C é¬ü¿’. Ø√o†’. ÅC ÅûªE °æ¤Ææh-éπ¢Ë’. Ñ note Whose is it? book èπÿú≈ Åûª-EüË) Bharat: I attended your sister's dance programme the other day. It was really good. Who is her dance teacher? (Ç®ÓV O’ sister Ø√ôu v°æü¿-®Ωz† îª÷¨»†’. î√™« ¶«í∫’çC. Ç¢Á’ dance d) i) ÉC Ç¢Á’ (ßÁ·éπ\) Avinash: teacher á´®Ω’?) Å®·ûË á´-JC? Bhargav: Our family friend Mrs. Nrityasri. <®Ω? = Is this her Alankar: ´÷ Uncle C The Choreography was com- pletely hers. The Singer is also a -Ççí∫x-¶µ«-≠æ-ù 39 sari? ii) Ñ <®Ω Ç¢Á’C é¬ü¿’ = Avinash: áçûªé¬-©çí¬ ÉC ¢√∞¡xC? Alankar: ¢√∞¡x Grand father's time †’ç* friend of ours. This sari is not hers my dad. It is her idea. e) i) Ç¢Á’ ´÷ teacher = ¢√∞¡xüË. (ÇNúø ´÷ family friend. Ç †%ûªu 4) Prameela: E†o á´J necklace §Ú®·çC? ü¿®Ωz-éπûªyç (Choreography) (é¬ü¿’. ´÷ Ø√†oéπçõ‰ ´÷ Å´’t ¶«í¬ She is our teacher (Pronunciation éÌJ-ßÁ÷-ví∫°∂‘) èπÿú≈ Ç™-*-Ææ’hçC. ÉC Ç¢Á’ idea) ii) Ñ ûª°æ¤p ´÷C ᙫ M. SURESAN O’ ö«d©’ ´î√a-®Ω’-éπü∆? ÇN-úøüË. §ƒúÕ-Ø√-Núø èπÿú≈ ´÷ friend) Prasad: Any way, it is for our good. Their Å´¤-ûª’çC? = How ¢√∞¡xü∆? (ö«d©’: relatives) Bharat: Does Mrs. Nrityasri run a school? interest is our success. is this fault ours? Laxmi: ÅC ¢√∞¡x-C-é¬ü¿’. ¢√∞¡x †í∫-©Fo ¶µºvü¿çí¬ f) i) ÉC ÅûªúÕ watch = This is his watch (Ç¢Á’ Ææ÷\©’ †úø’-°æ¤-ûÓçü∆?) (àüË-´’-®·Ø√, ÅC ´’† ´’ç* éÓÆæ¢Ë’. ÖØ√o®·. run †úø-°æúøç/E®Ωy-£œ«ç-îªúøç ¢√∞¡x-é¬\-´-©-ÆœçC ´’† Nï-ߪ’¢Ë’) ii) Ñ watch Åûª-úÕC é¬ü∆? = Isn't (Is not) ANSWERS: Bhargav: Yes, She and her husband. Their Prakash: OK, then. When shall we begin? this watch his? 1) Is this your car? / Is this car yours? where school is famous. Some of great (Å®·ûË, á°æ¤púø’ v§ƒ®Ωç-Gµü∆lç?) g) i) ÉC ¢√∞¡x ÇÆœh = This is their property movie dancers were students of Prasad: Depends on money. Its availabili- are its keys? ii) ÉC ¢√∞¡x ÇÆœh ᙫ Å´¤-ûª’çC? = How is theirs. ty is everything. 2) Kasim: Who came yesterday? / Who this property theirs? (Åçû√ úø•’s O’üË Çüµ∆-®Ω-°æúÕ ÖçC. was it that came yesterday? (Å´¤†’. Ç¢Á’, Ç¢Á’ ¶µº®Ωh †úø’-°æ¤ h) i) Ç É©’x.. Ç °æJ-Ææ-®√©’ Ø√éÀ≠dç æ = I like the -ûª’-Ø√o®Ω’. Ê°®Ω’†o school. ÆœE-´÷-™xE ü∆E availability (©¶µºuç)ßË’ Åçû√) Krishna: My friend / A friend of mine house and its surroundings íÌ°æp dancers ™ éÌçûª-´’çC ¢√∞¡x °j Ææ綵«-≠æ-ù-™E possessives †’ éÀçC- (Ñ È®çúÓ expression conversation™ ¢√-öÀ-™ îª÷°œ† possessives ûÓ §Ú©açúÕ. ii) Ñ îªv鬩’ ü∆EN =The wheels are its. Nü∆u-®Ω’n™‰) Very important: ü∆E, ü∆EE ņ-ú≈Eo its áèπ◊\´ ¢√úø-û√®Ω’) famous – °∂-ß˝’´’Æˇ =Ê°®Ω’†o, v°æÆ œ-Cl¥-í∫© 1. Whose? (á´J?) – Åçö«ç. Ééπ\úø S ´·çü¿’ apostrophe (') Kasim: Did he take your bike? dancers - ú≈†qñ¸ Whose? (á´-JC? / á´-JN?) 2. my (Ø√) – ¢√úøç. Apostrophe ûÓ It's Åçõ‰ It is ÅE. Krishna: That was not mine. That was °j Ææ綵«-≠æ-ù™ underline îËÆœ† ´÷ô-©†’ his bike. Mine and his look the mine (Ø√C / Ø√N) Apostrophe (') äéπ ´÷ô™ äéπ ¨¡•lç ™°œç-îª- í∫´’-Eç-îªçúÕ. ´÷ô Å®Ωnç 3. your (F / O’) – ú≈Eo îª÷°œ-Ææ’hçC) same / look alike only, mine is 1. Whose (book)? á´J (°æ¤Ææhéπç)? / á´-JC? yours (FC, O’C / FN, O’N) Eg: 1) This car and its wheels= 鬮Ω÷, ü∆E slightly older than his. 2. My (book) Ø√ (°æ¤Ææhéπç) 4. his (ÅûªúÕ) – îªv鬩’. Ééπ\úø 'only' ¢√úøéπç í∫´’-Eç-îªçúÕ– ÉC the 3. Mine Ø√C his (Åûª-úÕC / Åûª-úÕN) 2) It's my car = It is my car. (ÅC Ø√ only things ÅØË ü∆EéÀ short farm- DE 4. Your (book) O’ / F (°æ¤Ææhéπç) 5. her Ç¢Á’ (ßÁ·éπ\) – hers (Ç¢Á’C / Ç¢Á’N) 鬮Ω’) Å®Ωnç– 'äéπ\ N≠æߪ’ç àN’-ôçõ‰ / äéπ-õ‰-N’- 5. Yours O’C / FC 6. our (´÷ / ´’†) -– Now practice the following aloud in ôçõ‰—– simpleí¬ 'Å®·ûË— ÅE. slightly= 6. his (book) ÅûªúÕ (°æ¤Ææhéπç) ours (´’†C / ´’†N, English: (ÆæÈ®j† possessive †’ ¢√úøçúÕ) éÌClí¬. 7. his Åûª-úÕC ´÷C / ´÷N) 1) Ñ é¬®Ω’ FüËØ√? ü∆E û√∞«-™‰N? 7. their (¢√∞¡x, ¢√öÀ) theirs (¢√∞¡xN, ¢√öÀC / 2) Kasim: E†o ´*aç-üÁ-´®Ω’? Ñ È®çúø÷ èπÿú≈ conversational bits. 8. her Ç¢Á’ (ßÁ·éπ\ dance teacher) 3) Avinash: Why are you vacating the 9. hers Ç¢Á’C ¢√∞¡xN, ¢√öÀN) Krishna: Ø√ ÊÆo£œ«-ûª’úø’ (my, mine È®çúø÷ 10. our ´÷ (family friend) 8. its (ü∆E) – its (ü∆EC / ü∆EN) house? Is it not yours? / Don't ¢√úøçúÕ) you own it? v°æ¨¡o: -ØË-†’ -Ñ-´’-üµ¿u -spoken english -ØË®Ω’aèπ◊ç-ô’-Ø√o-†’. 7. ††’o Éûª-®Ω’-©ûÓ §Ú™Ôaü¿’l (Vacate pronunciation: ´Èé-ß˝’ö¸ / -Éç-ü¿’-™ tenses -´·-êu-´÷? spoken english -¶«í¬ 8.Sir, Madam ÅE E®Ω-éπ~-®√-Ææ’u-©†’ èπÿú≈ °œ©-¢Ìî√a? ¢Áß˝’-Èé-ß˝’ö¸ – Èé ØÌéÀ\ °æ©-é¬L– Å®Ωnç– ë«S- ®√-¢√-©ç-õ‰ -àç -îË-ߪ÷-L? 9. S.C., S.T. ©†’ ≥ƒ®˝d-§∂ƒ-¢˛’™ ᙫ ®√ߪ÷L? îË-ߪ’úøç (É©’x ™«çöÀN) ï¢√•’: Tenses ØË®Ω’a-éÓ-´úøç î√™« ´·êuç. ¢√öÀ-ûÓ-¶«ô’ ï¢√•’: 1. Is your tap off? / Have you turned off your tap? Alankar: No, it's (it is) not ours. – Èé.Æœ.-Ö-¢Ë’-¨¸-îªçvü¿, éπ®Ω÷o©’ – >. N¨»™¸, ¢Á’ö¸-°æLx Avinash: Whose is it, then? vocabulary (´÷ô©÷, ¢√öÀ Å®√n©’, ÅN ᙫ ¢√ú≈™ / Has your tap been turned off? èπÿú≈ ûÁ©’-Ææ’-éÓ-´úøç Å´-Ææ®Ωç). ®ÓW English 2. I have admitted him in college Alankar: Our uncle's Newspaper Å®Ωnç Å®·Ø√, é¬éπ-§Ú-®·Ø√ îªü¿-´çúÕ. Å™« 3. The teachers are making the students sweep Avinash: How long has it been theirs? v§ƒéÃdÆæ’ îËߪ’-úøç-´©x °∂æLûªç Öçô’çC. Ñ ´’üµ¿u les- the class rooms / The teachers are getting the Alankar: (It has been theirs) since their sons™ simple present, N’í∫û√ tense†’ N¨¡-ü¿çí¬ students to sweep the rooms / The teachers grandfather's time. have the students sweep the rooms. v°æ¨¡o: éÀç-C ¢√é¬u-©†’ ÉçTx-≠ˇ™ ᙫ ÅØ√™ ûÁL-ߪ’-ñ‰-ߪ’-í∫-©®Ω’. N´-Jçî√ç. îªü¿-´çúÕ. 4) Prameela: Whose necklace was lost / 4. I will take you to the movie 1. O’ †™«x •çü˛ Å®·çü∆? 5. I taught him cycling was missing yesterday? 2. Åûª-úÕE 鬙‰-@™ îËJpç-î√†’ 6. I put him to bed You had relatives yesterday, 3. Ö§ƒ-üµ∆u-ߪ·©’ °œ©x-©ûÓ í∫ü¿’©’ ÜúÕ-°œ-Ææ’h-Ø√o®Ω’ 7. Don't compare me with others / Don't compare was it theirs? 4. ؈’ E†’o ÆœE-´÷èπ◊ BÆæ’-èπ◊-§Ú-û√†’ me to others- Ææçü¿-®√s¥-Eo-•öÀd Laxmi: No, not theirs; their ornaments / 5. Åûª-úÕéÀ ÂÆjéÀ™¸ ûÌéπ\úøç ØËJpç-î√†’ 8. á´-J-ØÁjØ√ Sir / Madam ÅE °œ©-¢Ìa. jewels are all safe. 6. Åûª-úÕE °æúø’-éÓ-¶„-ö«d†’ 9. S.C.s and S.T.s