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HAZRAT ALI (alaihis salam)

One day hazrat Ali (a.s.) was working in his treasury when two men came to see him. It was night time
and a candle was lit. Their intention was to gain some kind of important post in his government.

They discussed things related to the state. After a while, the topic of discussion changed to something
else. Hazrat Ali (a.s.) blew out the candle and lit another one and continued the conversation.

The visitors were very surprised and asked, “O Ali, why did you blow out one candle and lit another one?”

Imam Ali: The first candle belonged to the state. So long as you discussed things related to the state, I
used it for that purpose. Then you changed your topic of discussion to something which did not relate to
the state but was something personal. I therefore lit my personal candle.”

These two men having realised the principles of hazrat Ali (a.s.) and his strictness, changed their mind of
asking for any post.

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Hazrat Ali (a.s.) had an older brother called Aqeel. He was getting some financial aid from the state
because of his poverty. He thought that he was not getting enough money from the state, so one day he
invited his brother hazrat Ali (a.s.) for lunch.

After eating, Aqeel explained to his brother and said, “Look my brother, the aid that I am getting from the
state is not sufficient. Could you please increase little bit more so that I can live little bit comfortably?”

Imam Ali (a.s.): If what you say is true, then how could you afford to invite for lunch today?

Aqeel: I saved bit by bit for a few days and then I invited you.

Imam: This means that you are still getting that little bit extra from which you could save. So really
speaking, that extras should be cut off and given to someone more needy.

Aqeel: Oh no, please don’t do that. I will try to survive on what I get and won’t complain any more.

One day hazrat Ali (a.s.) went to say his prayers in the masjid.

A man came to hazrat Ali (a.s.) and offered him to look after his camel whilst he went to say his prayers.
Hazrat Ali (a.s.) accepted the offer and entrusted his camel to him.

After a while, someone came and asked hazrat Ali (a.s.) if the camel wondering outside the masjid was
his.

Hazrat Ali (a.s.) came out and noted that the camel was his and its rein had gone missing.

Imam Ali (a.s.) went to the market to buy another rein. He went to a shop where he found the exact rein
that had gone missing. Hazrat Ali (a.s.) asked the shopkeeper the price of that rein.

Shopkeeper: A man had just been to my shop and sold this rein to me for eight dirhams. You can have it
for the same price.

Imam: Showing him the eight dihams that he was holding in his hands and said, “This man did me a favour
of looking after my camel. I decided to give him eight dirhams in return. He could not wait to get this
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lawfully. Instead he robbed it and sold it you. He still got the same amount of money and not a penny
more!

Sometimes people become so greedy that in order to obtain their sustenance, they would do
anything. What they fail to understand is that Allah has already destined his rizq. Now whether he
earns it lawfully or unlawfully, begs or steals or gambles, he is not going to get anything more.

The only difference is that if you earn lawfully, you will have to give account to Allah and if you earn
it unlawfully, there is a punishment for it.

During the time of hazrat Ali (a.s.) a man was convicted of a murder.

Hazrat Ali (a.s.): Did you murder your victim and why?

Convict: He raped me so I killed him.

Imam: Do you have any witnesses to support your claim?

Convict: No. There was no one present at the time.

Hazrat Ali (a.s.) asked to wait for three days before passing a sentence against the convict.

After three days, the grave of the victim was opened and there was no body found in his grave.

Imam Ali (a.s.) let the man free.

Imam Ali (a.s.) said that the body of a homosexual does not stay in his grave for more than three
days. His body is removed from his grave and put together with the Sodomites [people who were
destroyed because of this sin during the time of prophet Lut a.s.)]

Hatim Tai was a very generous king of his time. He had 40 gates in his palace and anyone begging
through all these 40 gates was still given something in charity.

One day a man came to Imam Ali (a.s.) and praised Hatim Tai saying, “His generosity is very well known.
A beggar would go through 40 gates and still get various amount of money!”

Hazrat Ali (a.s.): Why could he not give enough on one door that the beggar needed to go to other doors
begging?

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One day some ladies came to hazrat Ali (a.s.) and asked, “How come men are allowed to marry up
to four wives and we are not allowed to marry more than one husband?

Hazrat Ali (a.s.): Take this empty bottle each of you and come back tomorrow. Fill these bottles
with water from home when you come back.

On the next day when these ladies returned with their bottles filled with water, he asked them to
empty them in a bowl provided. They did as instructed.

When they emptied the bottle, hazrat Ali (a.s.) asked them to take their water back but with the condition
that they should take their own water and not of anyone else’s.

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Obviously they were surprised to hear such condition. They said, “But this is not possible at all. All
the water is mixed and there is no way to take the water that we brought from our homes.”

Hazrat Ali (a.s): Now try to understand what you asked me yesterday. If a woman has more than
one husband, how are you going to identify who is the father of your child? Whereas a man having
children with four wives, the father will be still the same.

Once during the rule of the second Khalifa Omar bin al-Khattab, an Arab entered his complaint in
the court. The court summoned the plaintiff and the defendant to appear. In this case, the
defendant was Amirul mu’mineen, Ali bib Abi Talib (a.s.)

Omar acted as a judge. As was customary in the Islamic courts, both the parties ought to station
themselves, sitting or standing, next to each other. Accordingly. Omar called out the plaintiff’s
name and beckoned him to a particular place in the court. Then he turned to Imam Ali a.s. and
said:

“O Abul Hasan, place yourself next to the plaintiff please.”

As Ali rose to comply, there were signs of displeasure evident on his face. Omar observed this
and said:

“O Ali, you do not like to stand next to your adversary.”

Imam Ali a.s. replied: “It is not so. I am not at all displeased at being asked to station myself next
to him. I am displeased because you have, from the very beginning, acted contrary to the norms
of justice. You called him by his name, and you called me respectfully with my Kuniyyah. You
know that when respect is meant, we call a person by his Kuniyyah and not by his name. You
said: “O Abul Hasan” and not ‘O Ali’. By so doing, you have already shown preference for me over
the plaintiff.”

THE DEER HUNTING INCIDENT OF HARUN-AR-RASHID

“During the reigns of the Umayyad Caliphs his blessed resting—place could not be
disclosed, and so it was also under the Abbasids until the reign of Harun-ar-Rashid. But in
the year 175 A.H. (791 A.D.), Harun happened to go hunting in these parts, and the deer he
was chasing took refuge on a small piece of raised ground. However much he asked his
hunting dogs to capture the quarry, they refused to go near this spot. He urged his horse to
this place, and the horse too refused to budge; and on this, awe took possession of the
Caliph’s heart, and he immediately started to make inquiries of the people of the
neighbourhood, and they acquainted him with the fact that this was the grave of Hazrat Ali
Ibn Abu Talib, the cousin and son-in-law of the Holy Prophet. Harun ordered a tomb to be
erected over the grave, and people soon began to settle down in its vicinity.”

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Love of a friend!

There was a friend Hadhrat Ali Murtaza (A.S.), a good and


believing man, who unfortunately fell into error, and who had
to be punished. Hadhrat Ali Murtaza (A.S.) cut off the fingers
of his right hand. The man took hold of his cut hand, with the
blood dripping from it, with his left hand and went away. He
was then instigated by a seditious Kharijite, who wanted to
take advantage of the course of events for his own party and
against Hadhrat Ali Murtaza (A.S.), so he came up to the
companion of Hadhrat Ali Murtaza (A.S.) with an utter of
compassion and said:

"Who cut your fingers off?"

"The Chief of the Prophet's successors", he said, "the leader of the untainted ones
at the Resurrection, the most righteous among the believers, Ali ibn Abi Talib, the
Imam of Right Guidance, cut of the fingers of my right hand... the first to reach the
Gardens of Felicity, the hero of the brave, the avenger against the promoters of
ignorance, the giver of zakat (Charity)... the leader on the right and the perfect path,
the speaker of what is true and appropriate, the Champion of Makkah, the steadfast
exceller".

"Poor you!", said the Kharijite, "he cut of your fingers, and you extol him thus!"

"Why should I not extol him", replied the companion, "now that his friendship is
mixed with my flesh and blood? I swear by God that he did not cut off my fingers
except with a right that God has established".

Such was the love, attraction and the affection of the companion for Hadhrat Ali
Murtaza (A.S.).

Hadhrat Ali Murtaza (A.S.) said: "If I cut a faithful Muslim into pieces to make him
hate me, he will not turn into my enemy and if I give all the wealth of this world to a
hypocrite to make him my friend he will not befriend me. It is so because the Holy
Prophet Muhammad (saw) has said: "O Ali! No faithful Muslim will ever be your
enemy and no hypocrite will ever be your friend."

Justice even against his own interests!

When it came to justice, Hadhrat Ali Murtaza (A.S.) never bothered about himself.
Shu'bi narrates the following incident which occurred during the Khalifah of Hadhrat
Ali Murtaza (A.S.).

He says, I once entered the vast open ground of Kufa. I witnessed that Hadhrat Ali
Murtaza (A.S.) was standing besides two containers which were filled with gold and
silver coins. A huge crowd had gathered around him. Hadhrat Ali Murtaza (A.S.)
had a whip in his hand for preventing the people from hampering the distribution of
money. Then Hadhrat Ali Murtaza (A.S.) began distributing the money until nothing
remained for himself and returned home empty-handed.

I returned home and said to my father: "I witnessed a very strange act today but I
failed to comprehend if this person's action was good or bad because he never
retained anything for himself". When asked about the person, I said, "Hadhrat Ali
Murtaza (A.S.)" and told him everything that had transpired. Upon hearing Hadhrat
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Ali Murtaza (A.S.)'s fairness, my father began to cry and said, "My son! You have
witnessed the most excellent person from amongst the people".

Aqueel as a Guest!

Aqueel arrived as a guest at the Government House in the days of the Caliphate of
his brother, Hadhrat Ali Murtaza (A.S.). Hadhrat Ali Murtaza (A.S.) made a sign to
his elder son Imam Hassan al-Mujtaba (A.S.) to offer a garment to his uncle. Imam
Hassan al-Mujtaba (A.S.) presented to him a robe and a cloak. The night came; the
weather was warm. They were sitting on roof-top having amiable talks. It was time
for dinner. Aqueel considered himself to be the guest of the Absolute ruler of the
Muslim world and expected an extraordinarily colorful and rich dinner. But to his
surprise it was the most ordinary and simple one. He said: "Is this all the food?"

Hadhrat Ali Murtaza (A.S.): "Isn't it a God's gift? I heartily thank Almighty God that
he has bestowed me with this gift".

Aqueel: "Then I should better tell you my needs at once, and be on my way soon. I
am in debt. Please order to pay off my debt as soon as possible; and also help your
poor brother as much as you can, so that I return to my place relieved of my
burdens."

"How much is your debt?"

"One hundred thousand Dirham."

"Oh! One hundred thousand Dirham! So large? I am sorry, brother. I don't have so
much money to give you, but wait till the time comes for the disbursement of
stipends. I shall withdraw my personal share and give from it to you, thus fulfilling
my duty of cooperation and brotherhood towards you. If my family and children
were not in need of their own expenses, I would have given you my entire share."

"What! Should I wait till the payment of stipends? You have the State Treasury
(Baitul Mal) in your hand and still you are asking me to wait till the time of
disbursement and then only you will give me from your personal share! You can
withdraw any amount you want from the State Treasury. So, why are you making
me wait till then? Besides, what is your total share from it? Even if you give me your
entire share, how far will it relieve me of my trouble?"

"I am surprised to hear your proposal. What concern it does ? is of you or me


whether there is money in the State Treasury (Baitul Mal) or not? We are just like
any other Muslims. True, you are my brother and I must help you as much as
possible, but from my personal money, not from the State Treasury."

The argument continued and Aqueel pleaded with Hadhrat Ali Murtaza (A.S.) in
various ways. He continued to insist that Hadhrat Ali Murtaza (A.S.) should give him
from state treasury (Baitul Mal). The place where they were sitting overlooked the
market of Kufa, and they could see the cash-boxes of the shop-keepers. Hadhrat Ali
Murtaza (A.S.) said, "If you still insist and are not ready to listen to me, then I have
got another proposal for you. If you follow it you can repay all your loan and still
have plenty of money left."

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"What is that?"

"Down over there are cash-boxes. As soon as the market is closed and nobody is
there, go down and break open the boxes. And take whatever you want."

"Whose boxes are they?"

"They belong to the people of this market. They keep their cash in them."

"Strange! You are telling me to steal the money of poor people who have earned it
with their hard labor and have gone home leaving it there trusting in God?"

"Then why are you urging me to open the boxes of the State Treasury (Baitul Mal)
for you? Whom does it belong to? This also belongs to the same people who are
asleep in their houses carefree and in comforts. All right, I have another suggestion.
Follow it if you like."

"What's that?"

"If you are ready then pick up your sword and so will I. The old city of Hirah is not
far from here. There are leading merchants and wealthy people there. We make a
surprise attack on one of them during night and bring out enormous wealth with us."

"Brother, I haven't come here for theft and robbery that you are suggesting these
things to me. I am only asking you to instruct the officials of the State Treasury
(Baitul Mal) to give me the money which is in your power, so that I may repay my
debt."

"Suppose that we steal the property of an individual, isn't it better that stealing from
the property of millions of Muslims? How is it that taking the property of an
individual with sword is robbery, and usurping the property of the general public is
not? You are under the impression that robbery only means attacking some
individual and taking his property by force. The worst type of robbery is the same
thing which you are proposing to me to do now."

A Biographical

Profile of Imam Ali (a.s)

http://www.freewebtown.com/shiaofahlulbayt/documents/english/A%20Biographical
%20Profile%20Of%20Imam%20Ali.htm

http://www.maaref-foundation.com

http://www.al-islam.org/encyclopedia/index.html

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http://www.ghadeer.org/english/tradition/40forty/subjct.htm

http://uk.youtube.com/watch?v=kTbWX_4RhpU

http://www.al-islam.org/peshawar/index.html

www.shiabelievers.com

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=f7Eur0qSNl8

Sunni Markaz Wilayat e Ali (a.s)

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wPwJrkO2IaA&feature=related

http://www.al-islam.org/revealer/

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