IRIDOVIRUS INFECTION IN MARINE FISHES-FIRST REPORT FROM INDIA

A study conducted on several marine fish species consisting seabass, mullet, milk fish and many species of low value fish (being used as trash fish in fish farms) from Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal and Puducherry (UT) were found positive for Iridovirus infection by PCR. Some cases of clinical cases leading to mass mortality among seabass fingerlings were also detected. Of the 85 fish samples, 36 (42 %) gave a positive results for Iridovirus infection. This is the first report of iridovirus infection in fish from the country. The fish species include Lates calcarifer, Mugil cephalus, Chanos chanos, Liza parsia and Liza tade, Synodus indicus, Leiognathus splendens and Nemipterus sp. Majority of the cases could be detected only by nested PCR indicating a very low viral load due to possible sub-clinical infections. The nucleotide sequences of the amplified products showed similarity to other known iridoviruses. These sequence data have been submitted to NCBI GenBank databases under accession numbers FJ485600, FJ655188-91. Dr.K.P.Jithendran Principal Scientist

IRIDOVIRUS INFECTION IN MARINE FISHES-FIRST REPORT FROM INDIA
A study conducted on several marine fish species consisting seabass, mullet, milk fish and many species of low value fish (being used as trash fish in fish farms) from Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, West Bengal and Puducherry (UT) were found positive for Iridovirus infection by PCR. Some cases of clinical cases leading to mass mortality among seabass fingerlings were also detected. Of the 85 fish samples, 36 (42 %) gave a positive results for Iridovirus infection. This is the first report of iridovirus infection in fish from the country. The fish species include Lates calcarifer, Mugil cephalus, Chanos chanos, Liza parsia and Liza tade, Synodus indicus, Leiognathus splendens and Nemipterus sp. Majority of the cases could be detected only by nested PCR indicating a very low viral load due to possible sub-clinical infections. The nucleotide sequences of the amplified products showed similarity to other known iridoviruses. These sequence data have been submitted to NCBI GenBank databases under accession numbers FJ485600, FJ655188-91.

Dr.K.P.Jithendran Principal Scientist