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Fall 2005

Professor Nancy Scheper-Hughes <>
Anthropology Dept, 305 Kroeber Hall, Berkeley - Office hours: Monday 12-3pm
Professor Loc Wacquant <>
Sociology Dept, 478 Barrows Hall - Office Hours: Wednesday 12-2pm and by appointment
Wednesdays 2-4pm, 203 Wheeler Hall

Theorists and methodologists get to work!
C. Wright Mills

PURPOSE AND SPIRIT OF THE SEMINAR: This crossdisciplinary seminar aims to
stimulate the reflexive practice of ethnography. Accordingly, a first objective is to provide a
broad-ranging examination of key issues in the epistemology, methodology, practice, and
politics of ethnography as an approach to data production and social analysis characterized by
personal embeddedness and embodied involvement in the universe under study. Various
traditions and styles of ethnographic inquiry in anthropology and sociology (interpretive versus
analytic, extended case, narrative, confessional, phenomenological, carnal, historical) are
dissected, evaluated and compared in terms of their epistemic assumptions and aims, field
techniques and relations, analytical strategies, representational devices, and ethical quandaries.
Among the issues we confront are the differences and similarities between ethnography and
other methods of social inquiry, the connection of theory to data, the origins and deployment of
concepts, the nature and texture of social relations in the field, production and writing standards,
and the multiple audiences of ethnography.

A second objective of the seminar is offer a hands-on introduction to the practical tasks and rules
of doing ethnographic fieldwork. Thus, in quick order, we cover everything from choosing and
articulating a problem, study design, proposal writing, and protection of human subjects to the
techniques of observation and interviewing and the typical quandaries encountered in carrying
fieldwork in a variety of settingsfrom well-bounded, community-based and street corner
ethnography to research in bureaucratic organizations to multi-sited inquiry among mobile
agents in global cities. We discuss the limits of inference and understanding based on participant
observation, experience and empathy, and power dynamics and conflicting loyalties in the
production of ethnographic knowledge, with the goal of clarifying the distinctive virtues,
liabilities, predicament, and promise of the field studies across the social sciences and kindred

READINGS: The required books have been ordered at the usual bookstores; other required
readings are available on reserve and/or on line in the Anthropology Department. You must
imperatively do the readings prior to coming to our weekly meeting; budget your time well and
in advance!
REQUIREMENTS: Aside from a close reading of the assigned texts and active participation in
seminar discussion, the requirements are fourfold. Each participant will be expected (1) to lead
the discussion of the readings for one week, either as advocate or critic, and (2) to conduct a
pilot field study. For this study, you are to select a site and design a mini-research proposal by
week 4; dedicate one day a week to fieldwork; and turn in typed fieldnotes on a bi-weekly basis
after week 5. Participants will be organized in 4 teams of 5 members who will read each others
fieldnotes, share practical problems, clues, and solutions during the field experiment, and
collectively animate the class sessions devoted to pilot issues. Each participant will (3) write a
ten-page research report (inclusive of bibliography) on the trial field project due on week 15
and (4) submit a six-page critical reaction paper comparing, contrasting, and evaluating two
published ethnographic monographs (one by an anthropologist and one by a sociologist) on a
topic or theme of your choice, to be approved by the instructors by week 6 and due on week 10.
No extensions and exceptions shall be granted for any of the requirements. Auditing will be
permitted based on space and need.

Note: To allow participants maximum time in their field projects, we will skip seminar meetings
on weeks 5 and 10 and hold extended sessions (1pm to 4pm) in weeks 7, 9, 11, and 13 to
devote an extra hour to discussing the practical field issues and fieldnotes of participants.

Abu-Lughod, Lila. 1993. Writing Womens Worlds: Bedouin Stories. Berkeley: University of
California Press.
Anderson, Elijah. 1978, 2003. A Place on the Corner. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Burawoy, Michael and J anoc Lukcs. 1994. The Radiant Past : Ideology and Reality in
Hungary's Road to Capitalism Manufacturing Consent. Chicago: University of Chicago
Davis, Nathalie Zemon. 1983. The Return of Martin Guerre. Cambridge: Harvard University
Emerson, Robert M., Rachel I. Fretz and Linda L. Shaw. 1995. Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes.
Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Geertz, Clifford. 1988. Works and Lives: The Anthropologist as Author. Stanford: Stanford
University Press.
Ong, Aihwa. 1999. Flexible Citizenship. The Cultural Logic of Transnationality. Durham: Duke
University Press.
Powdermaker, Hortense. 1966. Stranger and Friend: The Way of an Anthropologist. New York:
Sayad, Abelmalek. [1998] 2005. The Suffering of the Immigrant. Cambridge: Polity Press.
Scheper-Hughes, Nancy. [1979, 1982] 2001. Saints, Scholars, and Schizophrenics: Mental
Illness in Rural Ireland. Berkeley: University of California Press, new edition 2001.
Van Maanen, J ohn. 1988. Tales of the Field: On Writing Ethnography. Chicago: The University
of Chicago Press.
Wacquant, Loc. [2000] 2004. Body and Soul: Notebooks of an Apprentice Boxer. New York:
Oxford University Press.
Whyte, William F. [1943, 1955] 1978. Street-Corner Society: The Social Structure of An Italian
Slum. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
What is ethnography - Origins, pratices, predicaments - Disciplinary traditions - Power and
knowledge on the ground and on paper - Profession and craft - Turning ethnography inside out

Malinowski, Bronislaw. 1922. Introduction: Subject, Method, and Scope of Inquiry, and The
Meaning of the Kula, in Argonauts of the Western Pacific. London: Routledge and Sons
pp. 1-25, 509-518.
Goffman, Erving. 1989. On Fieldwork. J ournal of Contemporary Ethnography 18-2 (J uly):
Geertz, Clifford. 1973. Thick description: Toward an interpretive theory of culture. Pp. 3-30 in
The Interpretation of Cultures. New York: Basic Books.
Katz, J ack. 1997. On Ethnographic Warrants. Sociological Methods and Research 25-4: 391-
Bourdieu, Pierre. 1990. The Scholastic Point of View. Cultural Anthropology 5-4 (November):
380-391 (reprinted in Practical Reasons, Stanford UP, 1998).
Van Maanen, Tales of the Field, chapters 1 and 2.

Atkinson, Paul. 1990. The Ethnographic Imagination: Textual Constructions of Reality. New York:
Platt, J ennifer. 1996. A History of Sociological Research Methods in America, 1920-1960. Cambridge:
Cambridge UP.
Alford, Robert. 1998. The Craft of Inquiry. New York: Oxford University Press.
Stacey, J udith. 1999. Ethnography Confronts the Global Village: A New Home for a New Century?
J ournal of Contemporary Ethnography 28-6 (December): 687-697.
Mintz, Sidney W. 2000. Sows Ears and Silver Linings: A Backward Look at Ethnography. Current
Anthropology 41-2 (April): 169-189 (with comments, pp. 177-186, and a reply by Mintz, pp.

Disciplinary histories and legacies of ethnography - Savages of the exterior, savages of the
interior - National traditions: British, French, American - Ethnography after colonialism and in
multiple modernities - Styles and tropes: realist, confessional, postmodern, etc.

Geertz, Works and Lives, chapters 1-3, 6.
Bourdieu, Pierre. [1963] 2003. Colonialism and Ethnography: Foreword to Travail et
travailleurs en Algrie.Anthropology Today 19- 2 (April): 13-18.
Burawoy, Michael. 2000. Reaching for the Global. Pp. 1-39 in M. Burawoy et al., Global
Ethnography. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Gupta and Ferguson, Anthropological Locations, chapter 1, pp. 1-46: Discipline and Practice:
The Field as Site, Method and Location in Anthropology.
Stocking, George, J r. 1992. The Ethnographers Magic: Fieldwork in British Anthropology from
Tyler to Malinowski. Pp.12-59 in The Ethnographers Magic and Other Essays in the
History of Anthropology. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press.
Clifford, J ames. 1998. Spatial Practices: Fieldwork, Travel, and the Disciplining of
Anthropology. Pp. 185-222 in Gupta, and Ferguson, eds., Anthropological Locations.
Tyler, Stephen. 1986. Post-Modern Ethnography: From Document of the Occult to Occult
Document. Pp. 122-140 in: Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of Ethnography.
Edited by J ames Clifford and George Marcus. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Weber, Florence. 2001. Settings, Interactions, And Things: A Plea For Multi-Integrative
Ethnography. Ethnography 2-4 (December): 475-500.
Van Maanen, Tales of the Field, chapter 6.

Devereux, Georges. 1966. From Anxiety to Method in the Behavioral Sciences. The Hague: Mouton.
Asad, Talal. 1973. Anthropology and the Colonial Encounter. New York: Humanities Press (new ed.
Prometheus Books, 1995.
Clifford, J ames and George E. Marcus (eds.). 1986. Writing Culture: The Poetics and Politics of
Ethnography. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Sociological Methods and Research, 25-4, May 1997, Special issue on the Value-Added Contributions of
Ethnographic Research.
Gupta and Ferguson, Anthropological Locations, chapter 6.

Small groups, idiocultures, and naturalistic observation - The two births of the Chicago school -
Symbolic interaction and the local status order - Bounded worlds and moral empiricism

Hughes, Everett C. [1960] 1970. The Place of Fieldwork in Social Science. Pp. 496-506 in The
Sociological Eye: Selected Papers. New Brunswick: Transaction.
Whyte, Street-Corner Society, cover-p. 51, 94-193, 255-373, starting with the Appendix On the
Evolution of SCS (preferably entire).
Anderson, A Place on the Corner, cover-53, 129-216, and 2003 postface.
Scan table of contents of early issues of Urban Life and Culture (then Urban Life, then
Contemporary J ournal of Ethnography) and recent issues of Symbolic Interaction.

Snchez-J ankowski, Martn. 1991. Islands in the Street: Gangs in Urban American Society. Berkeley:
University of California Press.
Drake, St. Clair and H.R. Cayton. [1945] 1993. Black Metropolis: A Study of Negro Life in a Northern
City. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Becker, Howard. 1963. Outsiders: Studies in the Sociology of Deviance. New York: Free Press.
Gans, Herbert. 1967. The Levittowners. New York: Columbia University Press, new ed. 1982.
Fine, Gary Alan (ed.). 1995. A Second Chicago School? The Development of a Postwar American
Sociology. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, esp. chapters 1, 3, 5.
Wacquant, Loc. 2002. Scrutinizing the Street: Poverty, Morality, and the Pitfalls of Urban
Ethnography. American J ournal of Sociology 107-6 (May): 1468-1532.

Proposal design and writing - From hunch to problem to problematic - Choosing sites and
methods - Breaking and entering - Securing a place - Personal relations as epistemic vehicles -
Informants, empathy and antipathy - Expectations and obligations

Powdermaker, Stranger and Friends, pp. 49-198.
Simmel, Georg. 1950. The Stranger. Pp. 402-408 in The Sociology of Georg Simmel. Edited
by Kurt Wolff. New York: Free Press.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 1977. The Scientific Method and the Social Hierarchy of Objects. Actes de la
recherche en sciences sociales 1-1 (available from instructor).
Silverman, Sydel. 1991. Writing Grant Proposals for Anthropological Research. Current
Anthropology 32-4:485-489.
Thorne, Barrie. 1980. You Still Takin Notes? Fieldwork and Problems of Informed Consent.
Social Problems 27:284-297.
Liebow, Elliot. 1967. A Field Experience in Retrospect. Pp. 232-256 in Tallys Corner: A
Study of Negro Streetcorner Men. Addison: Rowman & Littlefield, new ed. 2003.
Myerhoff, Barbara. 1978. So What Do You Want From Us Here? Pp. 1-39 in Number Our
Days. New York: Simon & Schuster.
Scheper-Hughes, Nancy. 1992. Introduction: Tropical Sadness. Pp. 1-30 in Death Without
Weeping. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Bourgois, Philippe 2000. Violating Apartheid in the United States: On the Streets and in
Academia. Pp. 187-214 In Racing Research, Researching Race. Edited by Frances
Twine and J onathan Warren. New York: New York University Press.
Auyero, J avier. 2003. Ethnography as Recognition and On Fieldwork, Theory, and
Biography, in Contentious Lives: Two Argentine Women, Two Protests, and the Quest
for Recognition. Durham: Duke University Press, pp. 191-207.

Malinowski, Bronislaw. 1967. A Diary in the Strict Sense of the Term. New York: Harcourt, Brace, &
Agar, Michael. 1980. The Professional Stranger: An Informal Introduction to Ethnography. London:
Academic Press, new ed. 1996.
Becker, Howard. 1998. Tricks of the Trade. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Prieur, Mema. 1998. Memas House, Mexico City : On Transvestites, Queens, and Machos. Chicago:
University of Chicago Press.
Gupta and Ferguson, Anthropological Locations, chapters 8 and 9.

5.- BREAK 1: DIVE INTO THE FIELD! (28 September)

Emerson et al. Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes, chapters 1 and 2 (suggestion: read the book in
chunks over the next 8 weeks as suits your pace and needs).

Varieties of orientations to theory - Theory formation and reformation - Selecting and bounding
cases Subjects and scientists - Context effects and power effects - Detecting ideology in
everyday life Virtues and foibles of collaborative fieldwork

Burawoy and Lukcs, The Radiant Past, entire.
Burawoy, Michael. 1998. The Extended Case Method. Sociological Theory 16-1 (March): 4-

Marcus, George E. 1998. Ethnography through Thick and Thin. Princeton: Princeton University Press,
chapters 3 and 6.
Van Velsen, J aap. 1967. The Extended Case Method and Situational Analysis. Pp. 129-149 in The
Craft of Social Anthropology. Edited by A.L. Epstein. London: Tavistock.
Burawoy, Michael et al. 1991. Ethnography Unbound: Power and Resistance in the Metropolis. Berkeley:
University of California Press.
Haney, Lynn. 2002. Inventing the Needy: Gender and the Politics of Welfare in Hungary. Berkeley:
University of California Press.
Salzinger, Leslie. 2003. Genders in Production: Making Workers in Mexicos Global Factories. Berkeley:
University of California Press.

October, extended session #1)
Self and other(s) - Reason and emotion Story-telling as means of investigation and reporting -
Subjectivity and positionality - Fieldworker included - The personal and the anthropological

Rosaldo, Renato. 1988. Grief and a Headhunters Rage. Pp. 1-21 in Truth and Culture: The
Remaking of Social Analysis. Boston: Beacon Press.
Stoller, Paul. 1994. Ethnographies as Texts/Ethnographers as Griots.American Ethnologist 21-
2 (May): 353-366.
Abu-Lughod, Writing Womens Worlds: Bedouin Stories, Introduction, Chapters 1-2, pp. 1-125
(preferably entire).
Behar, Ruth. 2003. Ethnography and the Book That Was Lost. Ethnography 4-1 (March): 15-
Van Maanen, Tales of the Field, chapter 5.
Bourdieu, Pierre. [1986] 1987. The Biographical Illusion. Working Papers and Proceedings of
the Center for Psychosocial Studies 14: 3-7.

Crapanzano, Vincent. 1980. Tuhami: Portrait of a Moroccan. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Kleinman, Arthur. 1988. The Illness Narratives: Suffering, Healing, and the Human Condition. New
York: Basic Books.
Behar, Ruth. 1993. Translated Woman: Crossing the Border with Esperanzas Story. Boston: Beacon
Ellis, Carolyn. 1995. Final Negotiations: A Story of Love, Loss, and Chronic Illness. Philadelphia:
Temple University Press.
Reed-Danahay, Deborah E. (ed.). 1997. Auto/Ethnography : Rewriting the Self and the Social. New York:

What to look for, what to ask - Seeing, hearing and listening - Noting and note-taking -
Genealogy, kife story and life history - Varieties of interviewing

Cohen, No Aging in India, chapters to be announced.
Basaglia, Franco. 1969. Silence in the Dialogue with the Psychotic. J ournal of Existentialism:
Bourdieu, Pierre. [1993] 1996. Understanding. Theory, Culture, and Society 13-2 (May): 13-
Emerson et al. Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes, chapters 3 and 4.

Charles Briggs, 1986. From Learning How to Ask. The Role of the Interview in Social Science
Research. Cambridge University Press.
Obeyesekere, Gananath. 1990. The Work of Culture: Symbolic Transformation in Psychoanalysis and
Anthropology. Chicago: Chicago
Bourdieu, Pierre et al. [1993] 1998. The Weight of the World: Social Suffering in Contemporary Society.
Stanford: Stanford University Press.
Briggs, J ean. 1998. Inuit Morality Play: The Emotional Education of a Three-Year Old. New Haven: Yale
University Press.
Patricia, Ewick and Susan Silbey. 1998. The Common Place of Law. Chicago: University of Chicago

9.- PHENOMENOLOGY, HABITUS, CARNALITY (26 October, extended session #2)
Phenomenological principles and tools - Experience and the senses - The body as object and
instrument of knowledge - Capturing carnality - Fieldwork as self-work Going nativearmed
and coming back

Desjarlais, Robert. 1994. Struggling Along: The Possibilities for Experience Among the
Homeless Mentally Ill. American Anthropologist 96-4 (December): 886-901.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 2004. The Peasant and his Body. Ethnography 5-4 (December): 579-599.
Wacquant, Loc. 2002. Taking Bourdieu into the Field. Berkeley J ournal of Sociology 46: 180-
Wacquant, Body and Soul, entire.

Wacquant, Loc. 2005. Carnal Connections: On Embodiment, Membership, and Apprenticeship.
Qualitative Sociology, response to the Special issue on Body and Soul, 28-3 (Fall): in press.
Sudnow, David. 1978. Ways of the Hand. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Stoller, Paul. 1989. The Taste of Ethnographic Things: The Senses in Anthropology. Philadelphia:
University of Pennsylvania Press.
J ackson, Michael (ed.). 1997. Things As They Are: New Directions in Phenomenological Anthropology.
Bloomington: University of Indiana Press.
Glaeser, Andreas. 2000. Divided in Unity: Identity, Germany, and the Berlin Police. Chicago: The
University of Chicago Press.
Katz, J ack. 2000. How Emotions Work. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.

PROBLEMATIC (2 November)

Emerson et al. Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes, chapters 5 and 6.

November, extended session #3)
Archives and notebooks - Microhistory and historical ethnography - Historical time and
biographical time - Capturing tacit relations and recreating lost worlds - Making sense of sabir -
Fiction and reality

Nathalie Zemon Davis, The Return of Martin Guerre, entire.
Comaroff, J ohn and J ean Comaroff. 1991. Ethnography and the Historical Imagination. Boulder;
Westview Press, chapters 1 and 6, pp. 3-48 and 155-179.
Sayad, The Suffering of the Immigrant, cover-p. 161.

Fabian, J ohannes. 1983. Time and the Other: How Anthropology Makes it Object. Columbia University
Ginzburg, Carlo. 1982. The Cheese and the Worms. Baltimore: J ohns Hopkins University Press.
Price, Richard. 1998. The Convict and the Colonel: A Story of Colonialism and Resistance in the
Caribbean. Boston: Beacon.
Stoler, Ann Laura. 2002. Carnal Knowledge and Imperial Power: Race and the Intimate in Colonial Rule.
Berkeley: University of California Press.
Auyero, J avier. 2003. Contentious Lives: Two Argentine Women, Two Protests, and the Quest for
Recognition. Durham: Duke University Press.

Ethical quandaries and professional constraints - Undercover or overboard - Studying murky
topics and surviving horrific times - Building political stance and policy relevance - Personal
responsibility and existential worry

Scheper-Hughes, Saints, Scholars and Schizophrenics, cover-chapter 4, Conclusion, Prologue
and Epilogue (also as Ire in Ireland, Ethnography 1-1, J uly 2000, pp. 117-140).
Scheper-Hughes, Nancy. 2004. Parts unknown: Undercover Ethnography of the Organs-
Trafficking Underworld. Ethnography 5-1 (March): 29-73.
American Anthropological Association, Statement on Ethics, September 2000: available on
line at
Bosk, Charles L. and Raymond G. De Vries. 2004. Bureaucracies of Mass Deception:
Institutional Review Boards and the Ethics of Ethnographic Research. The Annals of the
American Academy of Political and Social Sciences 595-1 (J anuary): 249-263.
Katz, J ack 2004. On the Rhetoric and Politics of Ethnographic Methodology. The Annals of
the American Academy of Political and Social Sciences 595-1 (J anuary): 280-308.

Humphreys, Laud. 1975. Tearoom Trade: Impersonal Sex in Public Places. New York: Aldine, rev. ed.,
especially the debate in the Retrospect.
Rollins, J udith. 1985. Between Women: Domestics and their Employees. Philadelphia: Temple University
Nordstrom, Carolyn. 1997. A Different Kind of War Story. Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania
Bourgois, Philippe. 1995. In Search of Respect: Selling Crack in El Barrio. Cambridge: Cambridge
University Press.
Borofsky, Robert. 2005. Yanomami: The Fierce Controversy and What We Can Learn from It. Berkeley:
University of California Press.

extended session #4)
On the mad circulation of people, goods, and signs - Sociocultural boundedness as historical
and analytical variable - Comparative ethnography vs. multi-sited ethnography - Linking
everyday practices and world-historical structures

Ong, Flexible Citizenship, chapters to be announced.
Marcus, George E. 1995. Ethnography in/of the World System: The Emergence of Multi-Sited
Ethnography. Annual Review of Anthropology 24: 95-117 (reprinted in Ethnography
through Thick and Thin. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1998, pp. 57-78).
Burawoy, Michael. 2000. Grounding Globalization. Pp. 337-350 in M. Burawoy et al., Global
Ethnography. Berkeley: University of California Press.

Gille, Zsuzsa and Sen Riain. 2002. Global Ethnography. Annual Review of Sociology 28: 271-295.
Appadurai, Arjun. 1996. Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization. Minnea-polis:
University of Minnesota Press.
Levitt, Peggy. 2001. The Transnational Villagers. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Hannerz, Ulf. 2004. Foreign News: Exploring the World of Foreign Correspondents. Chicago: University
of Chicago Press.
Constable, Nicole. 2003. Romance on a Global Stage: Pen Pals, Virtual Ethnography, and Mail-Order
Marriages. Berkeley: University of California Press.
Scott, Michael W. 2005. Hybridity, Vacuity, and Blockage: Visions of Chaos from Anthropological
Theory, Island Melanesia, and Central Africa. Comparative Studies in Society and History 47-1
(J anuary): 190-216.

Writing the ethnographer in/out; voice(s), pace, scenes, characters; disciplinary tradition and
tropes; professional and lays publics; textual, narcissistic, and epistemic reflexivity

Emerson et al. Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes, chapter 7.
Kulick, Don. 1995. The Sexual Life of Anthropologists: Erotic Subjectivity and Ethnographic
Work. Pp. 1-28 in Taboo: Sex, Identity, and Erotic Subjectivity in Anthropological
Fieldwork. Edited by Don Kulick and Margaret Willson. New York: Routledge.
Kondo, Dorinne. 1990. The Eye. Pp. 3-48 in Crafting Selves: Power, Gender, and Discourses
of Identity in a J apanese Workplace. Chicago: The University of Chicago Press.
Clifford, J ames. [1983] 1988. On Ethnographic Authority. Pp. 21-54 in The Predicament of
Culture: Twentieth-Century Ethnography, Literature, and Art. Cambridge: Harvard
University Press.
Ramos, Alcida. 1987. Reflecting on the Yanomami: Ethnographic Images and the Pursuit of the
Exotic. Cultural Anthropology 2-3 (August): 284-304.
Marcus, George E. 1998. On Ideologies of Reflexivity. Chapter 8 in Ethnography through
Thick and Thin. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
Bourdieu, Pierre. 2002. Participant Objectivation: The Huxley Medal Lecture. J ournal of the
Royal Anthropological Institute 9-2 (February): 281-294.

Rabinow, Paul. 1977. Reflections on Fieldwork in Morocco. Berkeley: Univ. of California Press.
McCloskey, Deirdre N. 1990. If Youre So Smart : The Narrative of Economic Expertise. Chicago:
University of Chicago Press.
Sanjek, Robert. 1991. Fieldnotes. Ithaca: Cornell University Press.
Kleinman, Arthur. 1997. Writing at the Margin: Discourse in Anthropology and Medicine. Berkeley:
University of California Press.
Price, Richard and Sally Price. 1995. Enigma Variations. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
Taussig, Michael. 2004. My Cocaine Museum. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.


Powdermaker, Stranger and Friends, pp. 285-305.
Burawoy, Michael. 2003. Revisits: An Outline of a Theory of Reflexive Ethnography.
American Sociological Review 68-5 (October): 645-679
Ethnography, vol. 5, n. 4, special issue on Pierre Bourdieu in the Field.

[8/27/2005 version]