www.dothegreenthing.

com/buynothing


Cver-consumpt|on 5tats

1. ln 2008, £1.7 bllllon was spenL on unwanLed ChrlsLmas presenLs - equlvalenL Lo £36 per person,
46° of us are sLlll hoardlna ours a vear laLer.

8esearch bv e8av and ?ouCov
hLLp://www.ebav-medlacenLre.co.uk/ConLenL/ueLall.asp?8eleaselu=137&newsArealu=2

2. lour ouL of flve of us recelve presenLs we do noL wanL, and 2.7 mllllon of us end up reLurnlna
unwanLed alfLs.

hLLp://www.clLlzensadvlce.ora.uk/lndex/pressofflce/press_lndex/press_20081117
hLLps://www.pavpal-press.co.uk/ConLenL/ueLall.asp?8eleaselu=83&newsArealu=2

3. nearlv Lwo-Lhlrds of us (63 percenL) would raLher recelve one less alfL and have a donaLlon
made Lo charlLv lnsLead. 1he Lop unwanLed ChrlsLmas presenLs ln Lhe uk are chocolaLes, soaps
& perfume, socks, novelLv alfLs, books and uvus. 1he mosL unpopular buL wldelv recelved of all
ChrlsLmas alfLs ln AusLralla were bodv and baLh producLs, books, dresslna aowns, sllppers, socks
and underwear.

hLLp://www.cafonllne.ora/defaulL.aspx?paae=16461
hLLp://www.nab.com.au/wps/wcm/connecL/nab/nab/home/abouL_us/8/3/37/avold+uncomfor
Lable+sllences+Lhls+chrlsLmas
www.surrevwasLe.lnfo/communlLles/parLnershlp/3rs/press/alfLs.doc

4. WlLhln Lhree monLhs, 41 per cenL of Lhe Lovs chlldren wlll recelve aL ChrlsLmas wlll be broken.
MosL wlll end up belna Lhrown awav raLher Lhan flxed.

hLLp://www.lndependenL.co.uk/envlronmenL/areen-llvlna/hlah-envlronmenLal-prlce-of-a-verv-
merrv-chrlsLmas-429633.hLml

3. Around 3° of people Lhrow unwanLed alfLs sLralahL lnLo Lhe bln - wlLh an averaae cosL of £10
per unwanLed alfL Lhls adds up Lo as much as £48 mllllon desLlned for Lhe Llp. Around 30 percenL
of ChrlsLmas alfLs end up ln Lhe bln wlLhln a vear. nearlv a flfLh of unwanLed presenLs are re-
alfLed Lo frlends and famllv.

hLLp://www.Lreehuaaer.com/flles/2008/12/crappv-chrlsLmas-presenLs-rulnlna-world.php
www.surrevwasLe.lnfo/communlLles/parLnershlp/3rs/press/alfLs.doc

6. Lach person wlll spend an averaae of £433 on ChrlsLmas alfLs, of whlch Lhe mosL popular cholces
are cloLhes, books, fllms, muslc, cosmeLlcs and fraarances. Spendlna £433 on Lhese lLems
equaLes Lo 310 ka CC2 per person, abouL 20° of Lhe averaae vearlv consumable fooLprlnL of
1,300 ka.

8esearch bv SLockholm LnvlronmenL lnsLlLuLe
hLLp://www.cllmaLeLalk.ora.uk/downloads/CarbonCosLofChrlsLmas2007.pdf
7. A sLudv bv Lhe laraesL Lechnlcal supporL provlders ln Lhe uk found LhaL frusLraLlon wlLh hlah-
Lech alfLs peaks aL 11.48am on ChrlsLmas uav. 13° of people who recelve aadaeLs for ChrlsLmas
aeL so frusLraLed maklna Lhem work Lhev end up selllna Lhem, Lhrowlna Lhem awav or passlna
Lhem on Lo a frlend.

hLLp://www.Lelearaph.co.uk/Lechnoloav/news/3833706/CadaeL-frusLraLlon-peaks-aL-11.48am-
on-ChrlsLmas-uav-survev-shows.hLml

8. Cur LoLal consumpLlon and spendlna on food, Lravel, llahLlna and alfLs over ChrlsLmas (ChrlsLmas
Lve, ChrlsLmas uav and 8oxlna uav) could resulL ln more Lhan half a Lonne of CC2 (630 ka)
emlsslons per person - equlvalenL Lo Lhe welahL of 1,000 ChrlsLmas puddlnas, or 3.3° of our
LoLal annual carbon fooLprlnL.

1hls breaks down as food (26 ka, welahL of 40 ChrlsLmas puddlnas), Lravel (96 ka, 148 ChrlsLmas
puddlnas), llahLlna (218 ka, 333 ChrlsLmas puddlnas) and consumables (310 ka, 477 ChrlsLmas
puddlnas)

8esearch bv SLockholm LnvlronmenL lnsLlLuLe
hLLp://www.cllmaLeLalk.ora.uk/downloads/CarbonCosLofChrlsLmas2007.pdf
9. More Lhan elahL ouL of Len ChrlsLmas decoraLlons LhaL we lmporL come from Chlna. ln 2007 we
lmporLed 66,300 Lonnes of baubles from Chlna. Shlpplna Lhem 17,000 km Lo Lhe uk resulLed ln
CC2 emlsslons of almosL 17,000 Lonnes - areaLer Lhan emlsslons durlna manufacLure. Cverall,
Lhe shlpplna lndusLrv ls esLlmaLed Lo emlL over one bllllon Lonnes of carbon dloxlde equlvalenL
(CC2e) annuallv, a flaure seL Lo lncrease bv 73 per cenL bv 2020.

nLl Carbon CosL of ChrlsLmas
hLLp://www.neweconomlcs.ora/aen/LhecarboncosLofchrlsLmas131207.aspx
10. ln 2006, Lhe shlp Lmma Maersk on lLs malden vovaae from Chlna arrlved lnLo lellxsLowe,
Suffolk, carrvlna nearlv 43,000 Lonnes of ChrlsLmas presenLs and oLher fare. lL conLalned 11,000
conLalners, 3000 conLalners for 8rlLlsh supermarkeLs and shops conLalnlna amonasL manv oLhers
crackers, uvu plavers, Lovs, puzzles and cloLhes. lL ls a quarLer of a mlle (400 meLres) lona, 36
meLres wlde and 60 meLres Lall, and Lhe shlp's owners are bulldlna anoLher seven alanL
conLalner shlps llke lL.

hLLp://www.auardlan.co.uk/buslness/2006/ocL/30/chlna.aloballsaLlon
hLLp://www.auardlan.co.uk/uk/2006/ocL/30/chrlsLmas.shopplna
hLLp://abouL.maersk.com/en/CorporaLeClLlzenshlp/LnvlronmenL°20uocumenLs/Lnerav_consu
mpLlon1.pdf

11. 1he world's laraesL merchanL shlp ferrles lLs monLhlv carao of 13,000 conLalners beLween Chlna
and Lurope and burns nearlv 330 Lonnes of fuel a dav. 1he Lmma Maersk supplles 8rlLaln wlLh
evervLhlna from Lovs and food Lo cloLhes and Lelevlslons, buL lLs alanL dlesel enalne can emlL
more Lhan 300,000 Lonnes of CC2 a vear - equlvalenL Lo a medlum-slzed coal power sLaLlon.

hLLp://www.buzzle.com/arLlcles/177371.hLml

12. Lach person wlll spend an averaae of £433 on ChrlsLmas alfLs, of whlch Lhe mosL popular cholces
are cloLhes, books, fllms, muslc, cosmeLlcs and fraarances. Spendlna £433 on Lhese lLems
equaLes Lo 310 ka CC2 per person, abouL 20° of Lhe averaae vearlv consumable fooLprlnL of
1,300 ka.

8esearch bv SLockholm LnvlronmenL lnsLlLuLe
hLLp://www.cllmaLeLalk.ora.uk/downloads/CarbonCosLofChrlsLmas2007.pdf
13. Manv reLallers make up Lo 60° of Lhelr annual Lurnover over Lhe ChrlsLmas shopplna perlod
from november Lo !anuarv. uk consumers spend around £11 bllllon on ChrlsLmas purchases.
ChrlsLmas dav cosLs approxlmaLelv £973 per household, whlch based on a 12-hour dav works
ouL aL £1.33 per mlnuLe, or £81.27 per hour.

hLLp://www.pollLlcs.co.uk/press-releases/brc-chrlsLmas-facLs-and-flaures-$13112130.hLm
hLLp://www.brc.ora.uk/deLalls04.asp?ld=1047&kCaL=&kuaLa=

14. ulsappolnLmenL wlLh ChrlsLmas presenLs ln 2008 led an esLlmaLed 1.7 mllllon people Lo Lrv Lo
swap £110 mllllon of unwanLed alfLs for someone else's.

hLLp://www.Lelearaph.co.uk/Loplcs/chrlsLmas/4076832/1.7-mllllon-people-are-expecLed-Lo-
swap-Lhelr-ChrlsLmas-presenLs.hLml
13. A man or woman llvlna ln Lhe unlLed SLaLes wlll, bv 4am ln Lhe mornlna of 2 !anuarv, alreadv
have been responslble for carbon emlsslons equlvalenL Lo someone ln llvlna ln 1anzanla would
aeneraLe ln an enLlre vear. A uk clLlzen would reach Lhe same polnL bv 7pm on 4 !anuarv.

lrom '1he ConsumpLlon Lxploslon'
hLLp://nefLrlplecrunch.wordpress.com/2009/10/03/consumpLlon-noL-populaLlon-ls-Lhe-real-
Llcklna-bomb/
16. ln 1961, Lhe uk's consumpLlon paLLerns were rouahlv allaned wlLh one planeL llvlna - l.e. lf
evervone ln Lhe world llved llke someone ln Lhe uk, one planeL's worLh of resources would be
enouah. 8v 2009, Lhls arew Lo 3.1 planeL llvlna. ln oLher words, we would need more Lhan 3
LarLh-llke planeLs lf everv human were Lo repllcaLe Lhe same levels of consumpLlon ln Lhe uk,
and 3 lf evervone llved llke someone ln Lhe uS.

'1he ConsumpLlon Lxploslon', nLl, paae 11
hLLp://www.neweconomlcs.ora/aen/z_svs_publlcaLlondeLall.aspx?pld=299
hLLp://www.panda.ora/whaL_we_do/how_we_work/conservaLlon/one_planeL_llvlna/
17. ln 2004, lmporLs from Chlna Lo Lhe uk embodled 333 mllllon Lonnes of CC2, lncreaslna Lhe real
carbon fooLprlnL of uk consumers bv 19°. Shlpplna lL all over Lo Lhe uk resulLed ln an addlLlonal
10 mllllon Lonnes of CC2.

'1he ConsumpLlon Lxploslon', nLl, paae 16
hLLp://www.neweconomlcs.ora/aen/z_svs_publlcaLlondeLall.aspx?pld=299
18. lL ls Lhe lndusLrlallsed naLlons LhaL are consumlna far bevond Lhelr needs - nearlv half Lhe alobal
populaLlon sLlll llves below Lhe $2-a-dav poverLv llne, and over half llve on under $3 a dav - Lhe
level below whlch llfe expecLancv abrupLlv plummeLs.

'1he ConsumpLlon Lxploslon', nLl, paae 29
hLLp://www.neweconomlcs.ora/aen/z_svs_publlcaLlondeLall.aspx?pld=299
19. Cf all Lhe maLerlals used ln Lhe exLracLlon, harvesL, mlnlna, processlna, LransporLaLlon and
selllna of a producL, [usL 1° of Lhem ls sLlll presenL ln Lhe producL 6 monLhs afLer sale. lor
example, accordlna Lo Lhe no ulrLv Cold campalan, Lhere are nearlv 2 mllllon Lonnes of mlnlna
wasLe for everv one Lon of aold produced, LranslaLlna lnLo abouL 20 Lonnes of mlne wasLe
creaLed Lo make one aold weddlna rlna.

hLLp://www.sLorvofsLuff.com/
from Þaul Pawken, naLural CaplLallsm, (1999) p. 81.
20. 1here are more self-sLoraae faclllLles ln Lhe uk (nearlv 700) Lhan ln Lhe resL of Lurope comblned
(nearlv 600). 1here are more Lhan 31,000 self-sLoraae faclllLles ln Lhe uS - more Lhan seven
Llmes Lhe number of SLarbucks - wlLh revenues of $20 bllllon and 2.3 bllllon square feeL of self-
sLoraae space.

Accordlna Lo Lhe Self SLoraae AssoclaLlon, one ouL of everv 10 households ln Lhe uS renLs a unlL,
and, wlLh more Lhan seven square feeL for everv man, woman and chlld, everv Amerlcan could
sLand - all aL Lhe same Llme - under Lhe LoLal canopv of self-sLoraae rooflna.

hLLp://www.nvLlmes.com/2009/09/06/maaazlne/06self-sLoraae-L.hLml?paaewanLed=2
hLLp://www.lnsldeselfsLoraae.com/arLlcles/339/7ch1813423068089.hLml

Cther Chr|stmas Iacts

21. More Lhan a bllllon ChrlsLmas cards - 17 for everv man, woman and chlld - wlll be dellvered Lhls
vear. 1haL's enouah Lo sLreLch around Lhe world flve Llmes.

And 123,000 Lons of plasLlc packaalna - equal Lo a mllllon !ohn ÞrescoLLs - wlll end up ln Lhe bln.

hLLp://www.lndependenL.co.uk/envlronmenL/areen-llvlna/hlah-envlronmenLal-prlce-of-a-verv-
merrv-chrlsLmas-429633.hLml

22. 1he Lop Len unwanLed ChrlsLmas alfLs on e8av ln 2007 (wlLh averaae selllna prlce) were:

Saucepan seLs - £33.67
ChrlsLmas socks - £3.34
Sllppers - £6.37
ChrlsLmas [umpers - £21.03
knlLLed scarfs - £3.63
8ooks - £3.37
uvus - £6.00
Cus - £4.33
uresslna aowns - £4.93
8ubble baLh seLs - £3.10

23. A ChrlsLmas Lree Lakes beLween 4-13 vears Lo arow. Around elahL mllllon ChrlsLmas Lrees are
bouahL everv vear ln Lhe uk, buL onlv around a quarLer wlll be recvcled. 1he resL wlll be lefL Lo
roL or be Lhrown awav. 8eLween 23-30 mllllon real ChrlsLmas Lrees are sold ln Lhe uS everv vear.

hLLp://www.chrlsLmasLree.ora/sLaLlsLlcs_consumer.cfm#reLall
hLLp://www.chrlsLmasLree.ora/facLs.cfm
An esLlmaLed £160 mllllon worLh of ChrlsLmas decoraLlons were lmporLed lnLo Lhe uk durlna
2006 Lo meeL consumer demand, wlLh each household spendlna an averaae of £23 a vear on
decoraLlons.

hLLp://www.brc.ora.uk/deLalls04.asp?ld=1047&kCaL=&kuaLa=
hLLp://www.lndependenL.co.uk/envlronmenL/areen-llvlna/hlah-envlronmenLal-prlce-of-a-verv-
merrv-chrlsLmas-429633.hLml

24. 32 square mlles of ChrlsLmas wrapplna paper are sold ln Lhe uk - enouah Lo alfL-wrap !ersev.

hLLp://www.lndependenL.co.uk/envlronmenL/areen-llvlna/hlah-envlronmenLal-prlce-of-a-verv-
merrv-chrlsLmas-429633.hLml

23. 84° of chlldren are dlsappolnLed wlLh Lhelr presenLs aL ChrlsLmas, wasLlna over £1 bllllon.

hLLp://www.LhebabvwebslLe.com/arLlcle.1068.1_8llllon_WasLed_on_unwanLed_ChrlsLmas_ClfL
s_for_Chlldren.hLm
26. Cn ChrlsLmas dav 2007 lLself, 133,000 lLems were sold on e8av.co.uk, wlLh Lhe mosL popular
caLeaorles for ChrlsLmas dav shoppers belna 'cloLhlna, shoes and accessorles, alona wlLh 'vldeo
aames' and 'cars, parLs & accessorles'.

hLLp://www.Lelearaph.co.uk/news/3949011/nearlv-2-bllllon-wasLed-on-unwanLed-aoods-Lhls-
ChrlsLmas-savs-e8av.hLml

27. More people shop onllne on ChrlsLmas uav Lhan ao Lo a church servlce.

hLLp://www.Lelearaph.co.uk/flnance/newsbvsecLor/reLallandconsumer/3831370/More-people-
Lo-shop-onllne-on-ChrlsLmas-dav-Lhan-ao-Lo-a-church-servlce.hLml

28. WorsL ChrlsLmas presenLs ever:
• kaLhv LeLLe, novellsL - muslcal loo roll holder
• Ldwlna Currle, broadcasLer - elecLrlc fooL warmer
• !ames uvson, lndusLrlal deslaner - elecLrlc carvlna knlfe
• Meera Sval, acLress - second-hand underwear
• Alaln de 8oLLon, phllosopher - four enormous boxes conLalnlna Lhe compleLe works of
Slamund lreud, all 42 volumes.
• Conrad lree, chalrman of uebreLL's - llfe-slze plasLlc Canadlan 8edhead duck compleLe
wlLh nesL and cluLch of eaas

hLLp://www.Lelearaph.co.uk/Loplcs/chrlsLmas/3917231/8eallv-vou-shouldnL-have-Lhe-worsL-
ChrlsLmas-presenLs-ever-recelved.hLml
29. A reporL bv Lhe AusLrallan ConservaLlon loundaLlon analvsed Lhe envlronmenLal lmpacL of a
selecLlon of alfLs bouahL ln ChrlsLmas 2004. 1hev found LhaL:

• Lverv dollar LhaL AusLrallans spend buvlna new cloLhes equaLes Lo, on averaae, half a
kllo of areenhouse aas (CPC) emlsslons and Lhe consumpLlon of 20 llLres of waLer.
AusLrallans spend more Lhan $1.3 bllllon on cloLhlna and relaLed lLems aL ChrlsLmas,
resulLlna ln around 720,000 Lonnes of CPC polluLlon and uslna 38 bllllon llLres of waLer.
lL would Lake more Lhan Lwo weeks for a coal power sLaLlon Lo produce LhaL much
areenhouse polluLlon. And vou'd need Lo leave vour aarden hose runnlna for 324 vears
Lo use LhaL much waLer.

• ln ChrlsLmas 2004, AusLrallans spenL $1,300 mllllon on household elecLrlcal aoods.
8efore Lhese appllances were even pluaaed ln, Lhev had aeneraLed 780,000 Lonnes of
areenhouse polluLlon and used over a mllllon Lonnes of maLerlal ln Lhelr manufacLure.

• uurlna uecember 2004 AusLrallans spenL $612 mllllon on books and maaazlnes. 1he
producLlon of Lhese producLs creaLed approxlmaLelv 430,000 Lonnes of CPC emlsslons -
Lhe equlvalenL of a vear's polluLlon from 83,000 cars. 1hev also consumed 416,100
Lonnes of maLerlals (e.a. wasLe paper, lnk carLrldaes, packaalna).

hLLp://www.acfonllne.ora.au/uploads/res/res_xmascosL.pdf

30. Cn 27
Lh
uecember 2007, 8rlLs flocked onllne Lo sell an esLlmaLed 2 mllllon unwanLed ChrlsLmas
alfLs on e8av.

hLLp://www.ebav-medlacenLre.co.uk/ConLenL/ueLall.asp?8eleaselu=137&newsArealu=2

kesource Consumpt|on

31. Clobal oll producLlon ls currenLlv abouL 81 mllllon barrels a dav, and ls predlcLed Lo fall Lo 39
mllllon barrels a dav bv 2030 due Lo dlmlnlshlna resources.

hLLp://www.areenllvlnaLlps.com/arLlcles/183/1/ConsumpLlon-sLaLlsLlcs.hLml
hLLp://www.auardlan.co.uk/buslness/2007/ocL/22/ollandpeLrol.news

32. We currenLlv consume 30° more naLural resources Lhan Lhe LarLh's ecosvsLems can replenlsh.

hLLp://www.panda.ora/whaL_we_do/how_we_work/conservaLlon/one_planeL_llvlna/

33. 1he World's Lcoloalcal uebL dav - Lhe dav ln Lhe calendar vear when, ln effecL, we sLarL
consumlna more resources and produclna more wasLe Lhan ecosvsLems can provlde and absorb
- rolled forward bv 11 davs slnce 2007 Lo 23 SepLember ln 2009, desplLe Lhe alobal recesslon
hlLLlna ln 2008.

'1he ConsumpLlon Lxploslon', nLl, paae 12
hLLp://www.neweconomlcs.ora/aen/z_svs_publlcaLlondeLall.aspx?pld=299

34. 1he world's annual consumpLlon of plasLlc maLerlals has lncreased from around 3 mllllon Lonnes
ln Lhe 1930s Lo nearlv 100 mllllon Lonnes Lodav.

hLLp://www.areenllvlnaLlps.com/arLlcles/183/1/ConsumpLlon-sLaLlsLlcs.hLml
hLLp://www.wasLeonllne.ora.uk/resources/lnformaLlonSheeLs/ÞlasLlcs.hLm
33. 1he averaae Afrlcan household Lodav consumes 23° less Lhan 23 vears aao.
unuÞ nomoo uevelopmeot kepott 1998, hLLp://www.undp.ora

36. Slnce 1730, more Lhan 1.1 bllllon Lonnes of CC2 has been released lnLo Lhe aLmosphere ln Lhe
name of economlc developmenL, due Lo boLh Lhe combusLlon of fossll fuels and chanaes ln land
use. A|most ha|f of the CC2 em|ss|ons s|nce 1750 occurred |n the past 30 years.

'1he ConsumpLlon Lxploslon', nLl, paae 13
hLLp://www.neweconomlcs.ora/aen/z_svs_publlcaLlondeLall.aspx?pld=299

37. 1he world's rlchesL half bllllon people - abouL 7° of Lhe alobal populaLlon - are responslble for
30° of Lhe world's emlsslons, whllsL Lhe pooresL 30° are responslble for [usL 7° of emlsslons.
Cne Amerlcan or Luropean ls more ofLen Lhan noL responslble for more emlsslons Lhan an
enLlre vlllaae of Afrlcans.

hLLp://www.newsclenLlsL.com/arLlcle/ma20327271.700-populaLlon-overconsumpLlon-ls-Lhe-
real-problem.hLml?uCMÞ=C1C-rss&nsref=onllne-news

38. 1he uk does a boomerana Lrade ln clocklna up envlronmenLallv wasLeful food mlles. We exporL
4,400 Lonnes of lce cream Lo lLalv, and re-lmporL 4,200 Lonnes. We lmporL 22,000 Lonnes of
poLaLoes from LavpL whllsL exporLlna 27,000 Lonnes back aaaln. 1hen Lhere are Lhe 3,000 Lonnes
of LolleL paper headlna from Lhe uk Lo Cermanv, wlLh over 4,000 Lonnes reLurnlna, and 10
Lonnes of 'aums and [ellv' sweeLs aolna back and forLh Lo 1halland. AL Lhe lasL counL, 117 Lonnes
of 'sweeL blsculLs, waffles and wafers, alnaerbread and Lhe llke' (Lo use Lhe caLeaorv used bv
Lrade sLaLlsLlclans), arrlved lnLo Lhe uk, wlLh 106 Lonnes headlna ln Lhe opposlLe dlrecLlon.

'1he ConsumpLlon Lxploslon', nLl, paae 4
hLLp://www.neweconomlcs.ora/aen/z_svs_publlcaLlondeLall.aspx?pld=299
39. 1he developed world has been ouLsourclna a slanlflcanL proporLlon of lLs carbon emlsslons. ln
2001, approxlmaLelv flve bllllon Lonnes of CC2 were embodled ln Lhe lnLernaLlonal Lrade of
aoods and servlces, mosL of whlch flowed from developlna naLlons Lo developed naLlons.
'1he ConsumpLlon Lxploslon', nLl, paae 16
hLLp://www.neweconomlcs.ora/aen/z_svs_publlcaLlondeLall.aspx?pld=299

40. Accordlna Lo research from Lhe CenLre for lnLernaLlonal CllmaLe and LnvlronmenLal 8esearch ln
Cslo, CC2 emlsslons assoclaLed wlLh uk consumpLlon lncreased bv 113 mllllon Lonnes (18°),
beLween 1992 and 2004.

ln Lhe same perlod, carbon dloxlde emlsslons embedded ln lmporLs wenL up from 33° of uk
emlsslons ln 1992 Lo 67° ln 2004.
hLLp://www.LheecoloalsL.ora/news/news_round_up/329838/brlLaln_exporLlna_co2_emlsslons_
abroad_savs_sclenLlsL.hLml

41. Cne person ln Lhe uk consumes more elecLrlclLv ln a vear Lhan 48 people llvlna ln Lhe leasL
developed counLrles.

'1he ConsumpLlon Lxploslon', nLl, paae 19
hLLp://www.neweconomlcs.ora/aen/z_svs_publlcaLlondeLall.aspx?pld=299

42. ln Lhe 1970s, Lhe averaae uk household had [usL 17 domesLlc elecLrlcal appllances. 8v 2006, Lhls
had almosL Lrebled Lo 47 appllances, whlch lncludes compuLers, uvu plavers, dlalLal seL-Lop
boxes, moblle phones, power Lools, [ulcers, cappucclno makers, lce-cream makers and aames
consoles. 8eLween 1972 and 2002 elecLrlclLv consumed bv household domesLlc appllances ln
Lhe uk doubled.

'1he ConsumpLlon Lxploslon', nLl, paae 21
hLLp://www.neweconomlcs.ora/aen/z_svs_publlcaLlondeLall.aspx?pld=299

43. Worldwlde, prlvaLe consumpLlon expendlLure-Lhe amounL spenL on aoods and servlces aL Lhe
household level-Lopped $20 Lrllllon ln 2000, four Llmes Lhe amounL we spenL ln 1960.
hLLp://www.worldwaLch.ora/node/810

44. 1he uS has less Lhan 3° of Lhe alobal populaLlon, buL uses abouL a quarLer of Lhe world's fossll
fuel resources-burnlna up nearlv 23° of Lhe coal, 26° of Lhe oll, and 27° of Lhe world's
naLural aas. 1he averaae Amerlcan consumes abouL flfLv-Lhree Llmes more aoods and servlces
Lhan someone from Chlna, and accounLs for 33° of paper and plasLlc use.

hLLp://www.worldwaLch.ora/node/810
hLLp://www.slerraclub.ora/susLalnable_consumpLlon/Lllford.asp#consumer

43. 1he averaae uS person now consumes Lwlce as much as Lhev dld 30 vears aao.

hLLp://www.sLorvofsLuff.com/
from ºWhv ConsumpLlon MaLLers" bv 8eLsv 1avlor and uave 1llford, ln 1he Consumer SocleLv
8eader LdlLed bv !ulleL 8 Schor and uoualas PolL (2000), p. 467.
46. 1he WesLern world spends more on luxurv producLs Lhan lL would cosL Lo achleve Lhe un's
Mlllennlum uevelopmenL Coals.
1he araph conLrasLs annual expendlLure on consumer aoods wlLh Lhe addlLlonal annual
lnvesLmenL needed Lo achleve soclal aoals. lor example: we spend $11 bllllon on lce cream ln
Lhe wesL, lL would cosL [usL $2 bllllon Lo lmmunlse everv chlld, $16 bllllon on make-up,
compared wlLh $14 bllllon Lo ensure adequaLe reproducLlve healLhcare for all women, $17
bllllon on peL food compared wlLh $19 bllllon needed Lo ellmlnaLe hunaer and malnuLrlLlon. $14
bllllon on ocean crulses compared wlLh Lhe $10 bllllon lL would Lake Lo provlde clean drlnklna
waLer for all ln developlna counLrles.











WorldwaLch lnsLlLuLe, 'SLaLe of Lhe World 2004: 1he Consumer SocleLv',

hLLp://www.worldwaLch.ora

47. Cloballv from Lhe 1930s Lo Lhe 1990s, per caplLa consumpLlon of Llmber, sLeel and copper has
doubled. CemenL consumpLlon has quadrupled, and alumlnum consumpLlon per person has
lncreased sevenfold.

hLLp://www.slerraclub.ora/susLalnable_consumpLlon/Lllford.asp#consumer

48. Amerlcans use 27° of Lhe wood commerclallv harvesLed worldwlde. lourLeen mllllon Lrees are
used annuallv Lo make mall order caLaloaues.
hLLp://www.slerraclub.ora/susLalnable_consumpLlon/Lllford.asp#cosL


kesource d|str|but|on

49. lnequallLles ln consumpLlon are sLark. Cloballv, Lhe 20° of Lhe world's people ln Lhe hlahesL-
lncome counLrles accounL for 86° of LoLal prlvaLe consumpLlon expendlLures - Lhe pooresL
20° are responslble for a mlnuscule 1.3°. More speclflcallv, Lhe rlchesL flfLh:

• Consume 43° of all meaL and flsh, Lhe pooresL flfLh 3°
• Consume 38° of LoLal enerav, Lhe pooresL flfLh less Lhan 4°
• Pave 74° of all Lelephone llnes, Lhe pooresL flfLh 1.3°
• Consume 84° of all paper, Lhe pooresL flfLh 1.1°
• Cwn 87° of Lhe world's vehlcle fleeL, Lhe pooresL flfLh less Lhan 1°

hLLp://www.aloballssues.ora/lssue/233/consumpLlon-and-consumerlsm
Puman uevelopmenL 8eporL 1998 Cvervlew, unlLed naLlons uevelopmenL Þroaramme (unuÞ)
30. 1he uS and Canada, wlLh 3.2° of Lhe world's populaLlon, are responslble for 31.3° of alobal
consumpLlon. SouLh Asla, wlLh over a flfLh (22.4°) of Lhe world's populaLlon, ls responslble for
[usL 2° of consumpLlon.
WorldwaLch lnsLlLuLe, 'SLaLe of Lhe World 2004: 1he Consumer SocleLv',
hLLp://www.worldwaLch.ora

31. ln 2000 Lhe rlchesL 1° of adulLs ln Lhe world owned 40 per cenL of alobal asseLs, Lhe rlchesL 10°
owned a LoLal of 83°. 1he boLLom half of Lhe world adulL populaLlon owned barelv 1° of alobal
wealLh.

'1he ConsumpLlon Lxploslon', nLl, paae 32
hLLp://www.neweconomlcs.ora/aen/z_svs_publlcaLlondeLall.aspx?pld=299

32. 12° of Lhe world's populaLlon llve ln norLh Amerlca and WesLern Lurope, buL accounLs for 60°
of prlvaLe consumpLlon spendlna, whlle Lhe one-Lhlrd llvlna ln SouLh Asla and sub-Saharan Afrlca
accounLs for onlv 3.2°.

hLLp://www.worldwaLch.ora/node/810

33. A chlld born ln Lhe unlLed SLaLes wlll creaLe LhlrLeen Llmes as much ecoloalcal damaae over Lhe
course of hls or her llfeLlme Lhan a chlld born ln 8razll, and draln as manv resources as LhlrLv-flve
lndlans.
hLLp://www.slerraclub.ora/susLalnable_consumpLlon/Lllford.asp#consumer



34. Cur overall 'ecoloalcal fooLprlnL' ls Lhe number of hecLares requlred Lo provlde each of us wlLh
food, cloLhlna and oLher resources. 1he planeL has avallable 1.9 hecLares of bloloalcallv
producLlve land per person Lo supplv resources and absorb wasLe. 1he averaae Amerlcan Lakes
9.3 hecLares, whlle AusLrallans requlre 7.8, 8rlLons 3.3, Cermans 4.2, Chlnese 2.1, and lndlans
and mosL Afrlcans 1.0 or less.

'1he ConsumpLlon Lxploslon', nLl, paae 13
hLLp://www.neweconomlcs.ora/aen/z_svs_publlcaLlondeLall.aspx?pld=299
hLLp://www.worldwaLch.ora/node/810

33. 8v Lhe aae of slx monLhs, Lhe averaae Canadlan consumes Lhe same amounL of resources as a
person ln Lhe developlna world does ln Lhelr enLlre llves.

hLLp://www.abouLmvplaneL.com/areen-news/facLs-abouL-consumpLlon/

Lnv|ronmenta| degradat|on

36. Mlnlna preclous mlnerals - much of lL Lo produce luxurv aoods - ls amonasL Lhe mosL
envlronmenLallv desLrucLlve of human acLlvlLles. SeparaLlna Lhe meLal from Lhe ore ofLen
lnvolves Loxlc chemlcal processes such as leachlna wlLh cvanlde. Accordlna Lo sLaLlsLlcs from Lhe
unlLed SLaLes Ceoloalc Survev, one Lon of ore ls mlned for everv one caraL of dlamond. lor
everv ounce of sllver, 3 Lons of ore are mlned. 1o creaLe a slnale LenLh-of-an-ounce, 14-caraL
aold rlna, 2.8 Lons of ore musL be pulled from Lhe earLh.

hLLp://www.slerraclub.ora/susLalnable_consumpLlon/Lllford.asp#cosL

37. Worldwlde, 80° of orlalnal foresL cover has been cleared, fraamenLed or severelv dearaded,
and ls no lonaer able Lo provlde lnLacL ecosvsLems crlLlcal Lo Lhe lona Lerm survlval of specles.
Lverv vear an area Lhe slze of AusLrla ls cleared of vlraln foresLs.

hLLp://www.slerraclub.ora/susLalnable_consumpLlon/Lllford.asp#fooLprlnL
hLLp://www.resuraence.ora/maaazlne/arLlcle286-A-lA8-C8?-l8CM-CP8lS1MAS.hLml

38. 60° of Lhe LarLh's ecosvsLems have been dearaded ln Lhe pasL 30 vears. 1he consumpLlon of
naLural resources needed for lndusLrlal arowLh ls expecLed Lo rlse Lo 170° of Lhe LarLh's
capaclLv bv 2040.

World CuÞ ls pro[ecLed Lo arow bv 323° beLween 2007 and 2030.
hLLp://www.wbcsd.ora/uoc8ooL/l9xwhv7x3v8culPbPC3C/W8CSu_SusLalnable_ConsumpLlon_
web.pdf

39. Around 10 mllllon hecLares of foresL are losL everv vear Lo produce, amonasL oLhers Lhlnas,
cheap furnlLure and free newspapers.

uecember 2006/!an 2007 LcoloalsL lssue 10, volume 36

M|sce||aneous facts

60. Manv of us don'L feel we have Llme Lo lnLeracL wlLh our communlLles. 46° of 8rlLs have
descrlbed Lhemselves as belna 'exhausLed' aL Lhe end of a dav's work. A slmllar survev bv Lhe
lamllles and Work lnsLlLuLe found one Lhlrd of Amerlcans were 'chronlcallv overworked'. Less
Lhan a quarLer of 8rlLs are 'saLlsfled' wlLh Lhelr work hours.

hLLp://www.LheecoloalsL.ora/lnvesLlaaLlons/socleLv/312289/Lhe_lelsure_economv_can_we_sav
e_Lhe_planeL_bv_worklna_less.hLml

61. 1he CenLre for Lconomlc and Þollcv 8esearch found ln 2006 LhaL lf Lurope was Lo emulaLe Lhe
lona worklna hours of Lhe uS, carbon dloxlde emlsslons from Lhe realon would rlse bv 30°.

hLLp://cepr.neL/documenLs/publlcaLlons/enerav_2006_12.pdf

62. ln 2003, 8rlLaln exporLed more Lhan £2.8bn of aoods Lo Chlna buL lmporLed nearlv £16bn, a 30-
fold lncrease on 1980.

hLLp://www.auardlan.co.uk/buslness/2006/ocL/30/chlna.aloballsaLlon

63. ln 2007 8razll's rlchesL and mosL populous clLv, Sao Þaulo, banned ouLdoor adverLlslna and wenL
compleLelv blllboard-free ln a move LhaL was halled as a success bv resldenLs.

hLLps://www.adbusLers.ora/maaazlne/73/Sao_Þaulo_A_ClLv_WlLhouL_Ads.hLml

64. 8esearch bv 1he AusLralla lnsLlLuLe found LhaL wasLeful consumpLlon ln AusLralla (spendlna on
aoods and servlces LhaL are noL used or onlv parLlv used) exceeds $10.3 bllllon each vear.

hLLps://www.Lal.ora.au/flle.php?flle=web_papers/WÞ83.pdf

63. 8v relvlna on Chlna Lo manufacLure Lhe world's aoods, Lhe uk ls exporLlna CC2 emlsslons Lo
Chlna. Chlnese facLorles produce abouL one-Lhlrd more carbon Lhan Luropean ones for maklna
Lhe same producL, and furLher CC2 wlll be produced ln LransporLlna Lhe aoods.
hLLp://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hl/scl/Lech/7028373.sLm
66. ln Lhe uS:

1he Ch|na connect|on
$1.2 bllllon - value of ChrlsLmas ornamenLs lmporLed from Chlna ln 2003 - Amerlca's no. 1
forelan suppller.
$39 mllllon - value of lmporLed Chlnese naLlvlLv scenes and flaures ln 2003.
$160 mllllon - value of arLlflclal ChrlsLmas Lrees from Chlna ln 2003.
36 mllllon - LsLlmaLed number of real ChrlsLmas Lrees sold ln 2006
46 mllllon - Pouseholds LhaL plan Lo use an arLlflclal Lree Lhls vear
$13.8 bllllon - AmounL spenL on new holldav decoraLlons ln 2003.

$738 - AmounL Lhe averaae consumer spenL ln Lhe 2003 holldav season
$791 - AmounL Lhe averaae consumer spenL ln ChrlsLmas 2006
of whlch:
$431.34 - Wlll be spenL on famllv.
$99.22 - Cn hlm or herself.
$83.60 - Cn frlends.
$22.40 - Cn co-workers.
$44.32 - Cn people llke clerav, Leachers, and babv slLLers.
$30.37 - Cn areeLlna cards and posLaae.

hLLp://www.pollLlcs.co.uk/press-releases/brc-chrlsLmas-facLs-and-flaures-$13112130.hLm
67. 1he amounL Amerlcan consumers spend ln one vear ls areaLer Lhan Lhe enLlre CuÞ of Chlna,
lndla, Canada and 8ussla comblned. Powever onlv 63° of Lhe shopplna blll ls pald for ouL of
waaes and salarles, Lhe resL ls flnanced bv borrowlna and Lhrouah Lhe depleLlon of savlnas.

8ernard 8aumohlchlef alobal economlsL aL 1he Lconomlc CuLlook Croup
hLLp://roomfordebaLe.bloas.nvLlmes.com/2009/09/24/savlna-Lhe-world-wlLhouL-us-consumers/

68. 1he Pappv ÞlaneL lndex (PÞl) ls a measure of well-belna comblned wlLh envlronmenLal lmpacL.
1he hlahesL PÞl score ls LhaL of CosLa 8lca (76.1 ouL of 100), all wlLh a fooLprlnL of 2.3 alobal
hecLares. Cf Lhe followlna Len counLrles, all buL one ls ln LaLln Amerlca. 1he hlahesL-placed
WesLern naLlon ls Lhe neLherlands - 43rd ouL of 143. 1he uk ranks mldwav down Lhe Lable -
74Lh, behlnd Cermanv, lLalv and lrance, and Lhe uSA comes a lona wav back ln 114Lh place.

CosLa 8lcans also llve sllahLlv lonaer Lhan Amerlcans, and reporL much hlaher levels of llfe
saLlsfacLlon, and veL have a fooLprlnL whlch ls less Lhan a quarLer Lhe slze.
hLLp://www.happvplaneLlndex.ora/publlc-daLa/flles/happv-planeL-lndex-2-0.pdf
69. 30° of sLoraae unlL renLers are sLorlna whaL won'L flL ln Lhelr homes, desplLe Lhe slze of Lhe
averaae Amerlcan house almosL doubllna from 30 vears aao, Lo 2,300 square feeL. 1he Lhlrd-
mosL-popular use for a sLoraae unlL ln 2007 was for sLorlna lLems LhaL were ºno lonaer needed
or wanLed."

hLLp://www.nvLlmes.com/2009/09/06/maaazlne/06self-sLoraae-L.hLml?paaewanLed=2

70. 8v Lhe earlv 1990s, Amerlcan famllles had, on averaae, Lwlce as manv possesslons as Lhev dld 23
vears earller. 8v 2003, accordlna Lo Lhe 8osLon Colleae socloloalsL !ulleL 8. Schor, Lhe averaae
consumer purchased one new plece of cloLhlna everv flve and a half davs.
8eLween 1998 and 2003, Lhe number of vacuum cleaners comlna lnLo Lhe counLrv everv vear
more Lhan doubled. 1he amounL of furnlLure enLerlna Lhe unlLed SLaLes from overseas also
doubled reachlna some 630 mllllon pleces a vear. 1he number of LoasLers, ovens and
coffeemakers Lrlpled.

hLLp://www.nvLlmes.com/2009/09/06/maaazlne/06self-sLoraae-L.hLml?paaewanLed=2

71. uesplLe belna wealLhler Lhan prevlous aeneraLlons - we're Lwlce as beLLer-off now Lhan we
were 20 vears aao, and our lncomes have rockeLed bv 60° - our happlness levels haven'L
lncreased aL all. ln facL, our consumer socleLv ls LhouahL Lo be conLrlbuLlna Lo menLal healLh
lssues.

hLLp://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hl/buslness/7336336.sLm
hLLp://www.auardlan.co.uk/commenLlsfree/2008/[an/03/commenL.menLalhealLh

72. Cne ln Len chlldren now suffers from a dlaanosable menLal condlLlon. A sLudv of modern
chlldhood bv 1he Chlldren's SocleLv found LhaL Lhe commerclal pressure Lo have Lhe laLesL
Lrends ls parLlv responslble for Lhe rlse ln raLes of depresslon, anxleLv and oLher menLal lllnesses
amonasL chlldren.

hLLp://women.Llmesonllne.co.uk/Lol/llfe_and_sLvle/women/famllles/arLlcle3434233.ece

73. 1he uk dumps over 30° of lLs wasLe ln landflll, compared wlLh Lu nelahbours llke Cermanv
where Lhe flaure ls abouL 1°.

hLLp://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hl/scl/Lech/8303384.sLm

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