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How to Calculate or Estimate Longspan aluminium

roofing sheets.

Refer to old articles of aluminium roofing sheets, they come in rolls of average of 600mm to
1300mm depends on the manufacture and specifications. As stated in previous articles, the
aluminium sheets comes in rolls at the factory just like toilet rolls but with different widths
and thickness based on specifications.
Calculating the roof required could be done by calculating the surface area in square meters
of the area covered by the aluminium and for some companies it could be calculated in meter
lengths ,knowing the width which is 600mm above as constant.
For a simple gable roof as shown in pic 1 with length of 25.2m. First you must know the
height of roof from the section.
For this sample we are taken the eight to be 3meters (10 feet)to know the length of leaf x
or y

Gable Roof

Remember the pythagoras theorem
x
2
=3
2 +
6.1
2

x=6.8m
Hence the area of roof is (6.8 i.e x)+6.8 i.e y) multiply by length 25.2m=342.72m
2

If the width of the roof comes in 600mm or 0.6m, the length of the roof require will
be 342.72/0.6m
=571.2 meters length
So for some companies they could give their quotations in meter length so just ask for the
width of the rols and follow steps above.

For a complex roof like pic 3 above, then you can opt to do a fast estimate based on the
linear area covered as shown by roof plan as it may be a bit complex and difficult, so you can
divide the roof plan to sections of rectangles or squares as it may applies (four right angles).
Then add the areas together and add 10% of the same area, because the higher the roof, the
more the plates , and the more complex the roof the higher the numbers of offcuts which will
also increase the numbers of aluminium /plates required . So for pic 3 ,add areas of rectangles
A,B,C and D which is the big center.
i.e (8.2m x 1.2m)+(1.2mx8.2m)+(1.2mx8.2m)+(22.8mx12.2m)=311.28m
2

Add 10%=311.28+31.128=342m
2

Now for a more accurate and scientific calculation, you must know the height of the roof ,
have the basic knowledge of calculating area of a triangle which is base x height . And
Pythagoras theorem to know the side of any triangle . Also remember the area for a rectangle
is simply length multiplied by breadth.
Assuming the height of roof is 3meters as as previous in fig. 2, and taken the major part D
as a simple gable roof (check the different sections on plan fig 3) and ignoring the hipped or
bevelled section.

x
2
=3
2 +
6.1
2

x=6.8m
So area of roof as previous is ( 6.8m+6.8m) multiply by length 22.8m=310m
2

Add areas A,B,C
+310m
2
+9.84m
2
+13.44m
2
+ 9.84m
2

=343.12m
2

With your estimate is also the RIDGE and GUTTERS.
Ridge is the roof material you use that will cover and seal up the points where two leaves of
your aluminium sheets meet to protect the interior from rain, it usually overlaps the two
adjacent leaves of roofing sheets .
And gutter is usually underneath, it gathers rainfall and help to channel it to wherever deem
fits according to design. Is at the taper ends of two adjacent leaves of aluminium sheets to
collect water.
The difference between gutter and ridge . While the ridge is up protecting rain water the
gutter is down collecting rain water and channeling to some drains.