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'.'tl. Tech-(Parr-Ti me)DEGREE E)(AMINATI0N, APRIL/IVIAY 2004.

. Fifth-sennester

Civil Engineeriryr .

f

PTCE340 - FOUNDATION ENGINDERING

i\

t

:.

Time: Three hours

.i l

Ariswei-AlL

ji

ciuestions.

-J

UseofBIS6408is permitted.

pARl a -.(iti

X2 = Zlnarks)

sample?

/

/./ .tNttdt rs meant by a non_representative ,' '/,

t

t.t,

/r'"trh

rr^_,:

Maxinum

-_-

j

'

'

: 100 marks

','/ ?,/

lft{

i" inside clea'ance given to the

for the same.

sample? : Give the upper and lorver lirnits

3.,,

, v '/'5'/

,

'" 6' /

L,

'

"

7/

g'J

,/

1j.0^syg a1{il

*i'#*::l:*1,*"::*^.-:r:"^:-ro_11,:f

feuncrecronacrayey

;T:3;:J

#;:ff;.'i'Tffi

r#;;iti#;".

::H:,"*:"fff1,,::T::ii:",""*t*sli-"tffi

"s"tn1t ;, !f

ral sr.e ";, n "fjfrr-ri,,6!9,9"--fii|ii;;

'For a fogting, the net

urtimate,bS.d,ing.cap3litr is 800^kpaand the net

r"ldif,isafety

"g"i"r, "rr*r

pressure

is not to dxiEbd50mriana .q

doriesponding td

bearing

,s,gtqlspgrit oi 50 mm is izo kpa. If the settlement

than 3, find the allowableU"uringiupacit.y.

failure is not betess

say

t'rueor.falseandjustifyyour answer.

the importanc-'e of tf,e stru.tu;

L"tl-t

The permissible settlem6nt

only on

founded.

depe'rls

on the type of.soil on which it is

state the situations rrnder rvhichriratfoundation is adopted.

I{or'v do the

of the

type

location crfsite and type of soil encountered influence

- -

-J r-

v"vvs''!

of pile?

the selectio'

can you design a driven pile using dynamic 1brmulae? Justify

your anslver.

I

'rr-.

^

'

i

;{-,

'-rf

i

',':":'

,./

11:'

'

,/

I)ART B -

(S x 16 = 80 marks)

Find

the pl'an dimensions of

a-trapezoidal

shaped

combined,footing

""r*""

the

f"#'0,

bJundary

columns300 mm x 300mm and 50bmm x boomm

and

spaced at 4 rr

the point

bending moment.

750 kN

respectively.

dc. Tlie

Both

the

columns

of maximum

bending moment

F

are

on

for t*,.

uoo,.1r,

and

allowable bearing capacity of i;he soil is 1bg kpa. Locate

line

urrd frr,.l the magnitrau-oi*uximum

,

\

{ii)

drilling is done.

are

the

advantages

Ih.t

penetration Testover boring and sarnpling?

and

disadvantages of

Or

static

(1 1)

Cone

(5)

(b)./t;l

13.

(a)

(i

 

I

(ii)

 

(b)

(i)

of B n below ground

an

60 kpa," find the

depth of boreholeto be made. Take unit weittrts

and below water table as lB ldv/ms and 20 tovrn" reqectively. (10)

Explain tl're corrections tliat N-value.

fgundation is subjected to a loailing

-In

level. It is

a clay deposit, the water table is at a

oil

tank

depth

proposedto adopt a raft foundaiion ofdia"nete, do, ro.

at

a {9pth

of

1.8 m

below th_eground level. If the

intensity:oT

of]the soil above

are to be carriecl out to i

site'consists of clay or.rrr"oinl"d

the observecl

(6)

compressive

weight rg kN/ms exten8ing to " g.u"i

limensions

o_f.fQ.m 7<.16 n isio be

loacl

Bm,U,"ti;rgroundtevSi,HFditic""rie"a

The soil profile at a

strength of 110kPa and Lnit

depfh-:A raft foundation of plql

irytafle{ at a depthof

;1.Y.#l'".T9:tHf:di:'[ffi']i.Hi$S*is";m:rS;

Distinguish

betwcen general, local and punching shearf,ailures.

Or

I

(g)

A plate loe'.dteJi was conductedon a r:nifoi'nr deposlt of sand ancl

the follorvingresults were obtainecl:

Pressure(kPa) :

Settlement(rnm): 0

0

50

1

' "i:-t

100

2

:.

'

200

4

'

300

7.5

,

'

i*r*

3r 'i'l

"

400

12.5 .20

500 600

.

i

ji

i

:

40

.1.,,.-r

1! .

A square footing 2 m x 2 m i9 to be founded.-at

same depth

where the plate load teist:riv6s:ebnducted.Detdidfiiri"blttre irllowable

load on the footing so that the factor of safety against *ear

is

irm. The

ttre

failure

(10)

'size

not less thsn 3 and,th'e eetflbinent i5 not norl

of the plate was ?50 *T,

,

ttian'lO

(ii) Discuss the limitatiirru .;

of plate load,test.

(6)

s 9226

{,1 ;i$5

limc

IJ.E,'B.1'ec'. ( I )r:.rt-1\ me)DEGREE EXAMINATION, ApltII.^iA

Fifr.h'$emester.

y 200.J

; Three hotrrs

.Civil Engine6r.ing

PTCE 340 -

FOIINDATION

ENGIWNENiNC

j

Ma-rimurn :.100 rrrar.l;.,s

Ansrver AJ,Lquestions.

Useof BIS G.tr08is l)ernrittecl.

PARTA-(tOx2=2}marks)

I $i hat is nreant bv significant depth of investigation?

W,irai. are thc di.sadvantages of static cone penetrati,Jn tes;t

cri:::p!!ng?

over boring trud

3. "iVhr';.: doe.s itll.orr.uble bearing

capacity?:,.

.r:

capacity beccm.e equal

.,' ''::

to

net

safe

bea:'ing

"'l'

,.' lja.)'true ol false : f i:e permiiliule

settlenrent of a

footing foundecl

soil is rno'e than thar founded on soi.dy boil. Justify your answer.

on claver.

5'

Distingrrish betrvee' inruediate and consolidagion settrement.

6. \\Ihar are the er.ssuniptions that are madein thc

whaL a1; the advantages gf py.ecastdriven piles

structural designof footings?

overboredc?st in.s!-tu+'es?

. t

I

w'

14'

15'

-.

(a)

(b) .

,

(a)

M,/A

'

A

for a

diametet

g;roup of g piles arrapged

in a squarepattern is

used as a founclation

piles 800 m:n in

eac},,

group aciopiing

- 1g kl{ims. .\

column in sand of angle of infernal;;;;""

T{

carculate the lold

oiticr

10 m in tength ar:eplace,ilit u-"pu"it6-of ?50 mm i'

.o,=i;9;;;ity;or

the-pile

direction.

a factor of safety of 2'5. Assutue. it

The

lu"ight of the soil as

-

-.

Nqand N, values are respectively "-""ii zA aniVZ.+

The results of pile load test piles aregiven below:

conducted on one of the above

t

*.--'-

^-'

mentioned

Load(kN):

Settlement(mm) :

0

0

1b0

i.4b

2oo

2

25

250 300 400

Z.TS 8.6

5.75

500

10.75

600

30

Make an

estimate of settlernent of pile group, if the calcurated safe load

were appliedon it.

(i)"

(ii/

(i)

r'

/

Or

Determine the group

uniforrn clay of cohe.sion 80 kPa.

clgacrty of a pile supported footipg in rt

The piles are placed in Brorvs g,ith

spacedat

900 mm cy'cin both the

piles are

doesit

iz

*

or.a

 

(10)

occur?\Vhat

 

(6)

4 piles in each ror'.'.The piles are

directions. The length and diameter of the

300 mm respectively. Tale adhesionfactoras O.g.

What is-meant by negative skin friction?Where is its influenceon the factor of safetyof a pile?

:

There are two retaining rvalls of

back and the other with a rough back.Both

sameheight, one with a snrooth

the walls are retailipg

experience

a highei

r

-

(5)

the same backfill. Which of the walls will

lateral pressur.e? Justify your answer.

(ii) A smoothvertical rvall of height4 m, retainsa

cohesioniess backfrll

aqtive eafth pressure

--

'r'

I

(

rvith an angle of fnternal fi'iction of 30o,void r.atio of 0.62 ancl

speci{ic gravity of solids of 2,?,,1Drawthe

distribution diagram if th'esoil'isti) fully dry (2) fully ""U--uieu,l.

11)

': jr::''

Or'

,/

retaining wall 8 m high with a toe angleof 80ou,ith

the.horizontal

graphical

retains a cohesionlesssoil of anglbof intgrial fiction

of

sloping at an angle of

method, find the total aetivethrust,'whon thereis a line load of 101k-N/m

at a horizontal distanceof 2.5 mfr.om thg crestof the rvall.

;nifiteight

""a Uu.mfi surfaceis

30oand 19 klrr/ms.T?reangle of ivall iriction is 20". The

l0'

to the horizontal. By. culmann,s

N, [o"

t\ e

q -J.; ),, 11luf^e

'

r:

t

'i.

.

::

i

:

-

-

,

;--+l-.1

'

C

- ' t

-

B Sa1'Lrue.rr lalsc :

pilc, thro'.rghtJrc

answer.

'fh,: :;cttlclncnt of a pile gloup is nrany l,imr.rsthat of a singlc

itrari per pilc is llitr sirrl.:eitr i:'c'ii:tire casc::,:. justil-v yo'r

9. Horv is the allowable load detcrmined from the rcsults of a pile load test?

10

state

mobilisation of active and passiveearth Pressure rcspectively.

the

direction n

and and

magrritude

masrdroau

of

of

rvall rvall

nrovement

nrovemer:

required'

pARlt B -

(5 x'16 = 80 marks)

for

the

11. A strap iooting is to be clesignedto carry lor.clsof 750 kN ancl '{00 kN tlrrotrgh

colurnns of sizes 400 mm x 400 mm and.250 mm xzie-rnmrespe.eti+e11'. Th+-

columns are spacedat 5 m c/cand the secondcolurnnir: on the boundary line'

The r,,idth of the footing coukl be assumed a's2'2 m''fhc allorvable beerring

capacitl, of thc soil is 250 l<Pa.Find the plan dir:rens.onsof the foot'ing and

l.2.

drd vtl:c

shcar force and bending moment diagrams iirl the sl;rnpbcanr'

(a)

(i) Ilxplain thc

facLorsinfluencing ttrc number )r spacingof boreholcs'

(6)

(ii) .I.he results

of standard penetratiotrte.sLc'rrrductcdin a dcep sandl'

layer are given belor,.'.Thclvator.tnblc is ,tt n dcrpL},of 2 m frotir rhc

ground le'el. The unit weighis of sanclalrovcand beiow *'ater t'ablc

are 16.5 kN/m3 and 18 *1*1

respectir ely. Deternrine t$

dcsign

N.valueforafootingofsizeSmx3rnforndcdatadepilrofl'5m.

Deplh (r'n)

N-r,alue

'a

r

/r€-,^

1.5

rl

'+l'*-

3.0

12

4.5 6.0

25

Or

z

"\-

r.slit

\'

30

I

t*'

.'.'.,'

:"

.^",/'

-L t,"

./'

o-./

-.Y

't.c

34.

9.0

(10)

l

Q 3e5

.v'

'

t

l

),t

r'i-'l

(

ll,l

(i)

\\/hirt. r'.r'ct.i:ci\(lvarti.;rgcsiln(l (lrsl(l\':',llLilgcs oIaUger borirrg'/

(6t

(ii)

Distinguish bctrvcen non-l'r.;.-.sentilt.irrp

undisturlrcd sar:rplcs. Statc the laborai;oly

conductecl on elch

oi rl:e sampics. l{orv do

baml>)esgives disturbcd'or undistlrbecl sample

Iul)rcsentatr\/c

aricl

Lests r','l:.icil can

bl

):ou

Lllld

\,,.'hethel rr

baseci on afea ratioi)

( 10)

(i)

Exiriain

r,ire influenc.e of position of ground

bearing capacity offootings resting on sand.

rvatei table on the

G)

,/1

\;IL,/ A Sclua'cfooling is to be foundcd at a depth of 1 m belorvthe ground

i

v:\, '

'sttrftrce ancl is to csrry a load of 1000 kN. The gr:oundrvatcr table is

ai the base of the footing. The rrnit rveight of the soil belou' dird

above the basc of the footing irre 18 kN/m3 anci kN/:--,,

resPcctivul)'. 'lhe cohesionand angle of internal friction of the soil

are 10 kN/rn? and 38orespectively. Determine the size of the fooring

adcrl:lingit fuctor cf safetyof 3. LTseBIS 6409 r.ecornmerrdritions.(ll)

(Lt-/

,/

(i)

Or

Propor'licrn a square footing to cerrry a load of 1500 I:N

column.

'I'hc foundation depth

is

2

m.

Maxinrum

a

pernrissible

from

i scttlenrent is 40 nm. Tlee factor of safety against shear failtire

shotrld not L,eless than !. The avcrage con.ectedN-value is

grotrnd u,ater table is for below.'

1S.

.fhc

iL 1l

(ii) .{ plate load test rvas performed rvith a 0.8 m diameter plate at ti

rlepth ,rf 0.t;nr bolorvthc glound lcvcl.'l'ho tclp2 nr of soil .rt tlrc sitr,

consists cf' dense sand underlair: by lc.osesand. It

is r.equired to

cxtrapolate the resuits of the test for the desigrrof 3 m rvide footing

'rvorrid yor-rg5eta safeor unsafedesigrr?Justify.your answei-. (5)

Q 395

'ii.1. ) (s)

(i)

A p'eca.stpilc, 250mm x 250rumin crossscctionis

d.pth of I0 nr i' n

6 m thicl<a.d hasan

*'hich

sLrengtlr of rB0

rvi'h a'factor of safetyof 3.'I'arieadrresion factorsro. tr,o,",, ir,.'

andtlrebotto:r layeras1.0and0.Srespectively.

drivcnuptr.ri

1,c,. ,.

i.,/::.:

-soilprofirc consisti'g of 2layers. Thctol;1

unconfincd.comprcssive strengh

of 25r

is ullclerrain rry a *rii[dtroy

rd.I/n2.Dete''ine

of .rrr.orrfir,Ja--.orrrore:ss:

the safeloadthe pile ca, ci-r:.:

(Ll,i

(ii) vrhertis ncgativeskin friction?\rrrat arethe situations

uncrerrvl,icir

,6)

it is de'eioped? what is its injluence on the factor of safety?

Or

15.

(b)

(a)

(i)

@

(i)

Explain how piles areelassified ba.sedon their function. i

(sl

A 16-pile trroup has to be ar-ranged in the forrn of

a

clayeysoil rvith uniformspacingin both the directior

lhe end bearingresistance, determine the

square in a wogtu"tj,,g

var,ueof spirci'g

in tcrms of pile diametery assumingan ailhesionfactor oio,r. (E i

sta.t3 the assumptions made in Rankine's earth

and hencederivethe expression for activeearth pressure nt a point.

optimum

pressure theorr-

6tf

(6r

bacrc

"'t ''retains'sand. A cantilcvc:rretaining walr of height ? m with smoothvertical

Ttrevoid.ratio, nngle of

internal friction il;;;;,:

gr;rvity of solidsof sandare 0.5,B0oand

the acti're pressure at the. base when the

(2) saturated(3) submerged

2.2respectively. Determine

baclcfill is, (l)

<trl-

(.i:

Or

(b) A retaining

rvnll 0 m,1.tris|with

a toe anglc of z5o rvith trre.horiz''tr.rt

.rctains a cnhcsior:,te"s,ioiLr alele of

t,rtl"lrr

;ild;';

uni{ rveig5r of

;;

J- 36oand 20 kN/ru'l.The anfle of wail frictisn

slclring at an angle

is.24o.,rhe backnil,sur;;;

Br;;;;;$;;;i

qf 15. to the horizontali

nrcthod,findthetotnlhctivethiust,whcntircrois

trtu horizor

nrinsrp^a,rso'r.rvr,r,,

t,

4

.t"'

td"

::

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r ;;:

.J

i:

:.?

i.oE

Q|'

i)

'aq

t:

L

:.'

f

;i,

,.:-i

-E

-'?

i3

i,t=;fsf";$Fg.

ff F3i

;'

$Fr;,$.iri:Slg

,rti;iiji;"

u

ii;

:fi;fg

Efgio ri;

ii

ii'',ff

i;

,;-1

si ;gfggl'

.

ed'suirfr' ffif;gjf s i,fif

jj

Ffi;r€s#;iff,f;rFvri;

f;g$fffffFf€rriffjf i$i#

sF'*serfru

;:.;;i

i

'i*i fjfffff*ff

rsu

CIi340 ITOUNDA.|.|ON tiNGtNfr[RtNG

PTI}E-

VSEMESl'tJR

L, ril//y

V.,

.'(\

r\.S.St(,.NtHltN.t I

l)r.{c rrrirrs llrc '{r'cil rir(i() ,r'trre slrrr'fcr rravilrg

I 14 rnrn and |

,

I

I

tl't.sidc ,iarrrrrlcr.arrd

in'cr diarrrutcr .t.

llltll rcspeclivcly. What c.lnyou irrte.r ah9111 1;1,,sarnple collcr:tert b),

berive.u

, ,rprjr-.nrarive

i

lV

sampte. tr rc.! t

,.,.

a'd 4on_tepresentative

3.:*"nriare

7Y

Wtrat isaboretog? p

jl

,

X

,)'(''

7.

In a

boreh're' a riger o|fi'e

sarrct was e.ncountgre{, at

finesandtaye

sttrface.

a depthofgm

flre t,

A dense sarrdla5,er overlies thc

fror:rtt,egrouua

,Thqwater . r,

u'ir wcigrrr .r,

i

field was 2J.

uutr" r".orded in tlie

dcpth.

l)etcnnirro flrc corrcctcd N value for

'

dirprrr ,r' :

iri ri;or'

lirblc was lbu'<J ro bc 'r saturated

thelayer at g m

sruthcc (;;;",

dcnbe sdnd as2l kN/nrl

j:ffi;lrr:;tc1';rr

:

rherv;rsrr

rlrri,g r'crrr,cr.r'bor.ins

rrorss.

Discuss

irsr'ur.irs

6':5

l)c.scribc ('<,rrs't'cffitiorr lt-,sl. lhrrr

Suggesr

achoice o/.lirunrJa(ion

lhir, tc.sitiitll.rs liorrr St;rrrrllr,l lrctrclr.irli,,l.1.t,

?

.r. i,.

ibr theroll.onOiriols shown below.

l

e

lt.

Mcdium dense sanC

/&---\-_

|

//X\,

J , lc,,,ru suntJ

s:rtendind

rogrcarer depth

l'.,l,)

lr

State whether the

a'

w'ast,

staternenr ic r^,^ ^_ ^ ,

r,o,.i,,i';:ilffi;;:iltt

reasohirqg inone o'rwo senrcnce;s

ngincohesiontess

l,;i4(

+

-

\

I

I

i

I

Mar. marks: J0

cE 34o.Jot,NDATroN

PTOE

4Ncrr\TEERINc

VSDMESdR

A$StctYlflqN"r,r EST ltt

:J /1'' '

'gzz':t'-

.,:-

la'

A

trapczoicJal nrasonrv rerri-i-^

'lirnc:

c5 nrirr

isamhi'gh'rhcvc.icat'|irccis

rclaininp wall

--.

rcrriniog ,"t (0 ;;;:

Inr wi<lc u*op

g;':|#;:di]Jffi ',: 3*'

and 3m

viidc arirs

iffilT:# ffi;::li:t,',',,;

safcqagains,,,,;;

TTilii#*:#,"lil

ofsatbvadahs;ffiffi:llastmffilJ#y#rr.-r;;"trtJi:li

0'45. deltnrrirc

rfrcfircrra

,,f

lb. Deternrine the llankine

tablb is o, t.u.ll ul""'ne

nati,,^^_t

aclivc

and pas.rive canh prcssures pcr uni. rengilr of thc uart shown bcrow. Tfte watcr

0 =30o

q ,

,^k_(L_ 7= l6 kN/nrr

,

{'24o

csJ0.kAUd

Isr* f9 kN/mr

4

,r.

ha"s,;'rliirr*era

,lilf;,[llT,:;::ff '';;ff

tg#,

!^,,0.;o,t,r.sroup

indreforn

;ff:fffi :Til:;,:T,'*T*f irT,"h&NLr*,,e*a-,

of thcpilo

rtiamacr, nssrrming

shear

2b. rl

s1;rrxrs grgup .f 9

g.:,"

OR

Pifcswcrc

wrr,.: llriver

{9ltr

i,r

sofl

sofl

,

;1;ryffitt#h#r

lirqtur (,l'0.7S.

:pcc{,vcly. tf

t,,,rrpr.inrffi

ila-q"]^

cfay

ct

cfr

ffi3d['*]i

rhc ,,,.^-cj3''tt*

to a &rrgc .lqllrt.

_g$g!Lil,ffiffi,m

:r-]----

--

tt'vqP.

rlSSUma

r

f^

-Tt

$itre{m',

;

-_<-

-

-

and thc/'

qu6q

3b'

Pro?onron and

witritrrc;,,;;;-"Si,TitilJ#*f"fi

clcsinn a ^,.-

t

'

Tf ff#iromrprcss,rouoderrhc

)-^t.

i

ueuq tosd plus livc

.

.

Column B

'

690 klr

srf

fStl

t,.a'G ,

.#

,

i

r\t'

i

----r--

.

uorunrn Loa&

; f---. IDL

-,

LLI

I

I ^

ui

toad

Columjr A

540 tq\

"400 &N

.o'&'t:

Disunc:gb orf"otffi

-_t

).4 tn, prj",riouorffiilDoLrEf,,r,,{0.!n

3b.Proportion ud

;1,;:. ,;il;

0

1n"

drawthe ^.^o

^,.

;11';[:'J:',H:]:,::1.-T,

_--

oR

:-?

rora tapaoidar co-h;.^,.

', .i

",-'

CU 340 IiOLINI)A'I'IONUNUINUUI(II\L

PTBE -

V SEMESTER

i/\

Nl:rr.uturlis:20

,\sst(;NM0N'l"r0s'l'I

PARTA(2*5=10)

'l'inrc I lrr

l.r Determinerhearearaticof thesamplefhqvingoutsidediameterandinnr:rdiameterof l14 mnr undI I I rnrnrcspectivcly.Whrtcan you inlc.(,abottthesarnplec lllectcdb1thissampler. ,

-

-

:

:

i;--

:

l/

ln a borclrolc.a laycrof lincsandwascncountcrcdatadepthof 8nrfromtltegroundt?S18S

dcnscsundlaycrovcrticsttre linc

DcrerminethccorrcctedN valueforthelayerat8:mdepth Thewatertablewasfouudtbbeata

depthof2 nrfronrsurlbcg.(Assumeunitweigtrtof.saturateddensesandaszl kN/m:').

sandlayer.

.The N vatuerecordedin the fieldjlhii)3.

,+,^,1

3. I)ifferenriatebetweengeneralsliearfailureandlocalshearfailure. How theultintatebcaring capacityinlocalsheariscfJicrnrirrcd?

{1 ,'

Suggestachoiceof foundationforthesoilconditionsshownbelow.

5 Statervlrerlrcrhes(aterrrcntistlueol falservithreasoninginoneor two sentences

(
o

b./

soirs -4enr

f

An un<isturbeclsartrplcisabsolutclyundisturbbd. 2

In situvanesheartest !s extrenrelyusefirlfor obtainingtrleshearstrengthofvery cohesive

c. (

d.' Theultinratebearingcapacityof claysdependsou the depthof thefootingratherthan

Dilatancycirrectiorrof .Spfnum.berisdoneforclayeysoils f

cohesion

PARTB(5*2=t0)

e

V/t\.

6. ' DcscribervithasketclrtheWashBoringInethodof boringholes.Discussitsrneritsand.denrerits.

7.a /' \\'hatarr:lhcassurnptionsnraclcinthedcrivationofTerza.ghi'sbcaringgapacitythecry? Writc thc'ccluationfbr thcultiruatcbcaringcapagiay,

V. A footilg Znrsquareis laiclat a dgpthof l.j m !,elowthegroundsurface.Deternrinethenet

ultinratlbqgllg-lapieiry-_gling lS 'rrerhod. I Takc I:

20kN/r,i,;[ = 30o,N" = 30 Nu = 18.-1,

N, = ?2.4JlVharis rhecharrgein bearingcapacitywhen

l.

2.

3.

The watertabterisesto tholevelof thebaseof thefooting

1'hewatertablerjsesto theground surface

The watertableis I nrbelowthebasc

t,.

Anrrrrdi.srur.b,-.cl sarrrpre,r.brr,,,k, *?f,r,,rt .0. ---

.loh"

/

c. In

situvancshear tesr.ise*trernery usefurfor oltaining theshearsrrength

of vcry cotre.sivc soils

d. Dilatancy corredion ofl'lnunrber isdoneforclayey,61, 6fa.&e

e. 'l'hc ultinrarc

bearirrg

considerably withdcprh'

capacity

at"

of

a_-rron saqgggg.*g[t

(r!j

increases.

in

v

I

;ff.:Tiff:""i::iJlt"yy1t otctavsdependson thedepthortheroorins

c ,rt|,

I r

What are tlie assurnptions nradein tlre

theon.?lVrirerf,o.^,.-ri.-

theory.?.lV.ite theecluation lor .r

2,.', i i .)"' IT :' ,|j' f

c-

oj n,",ilrt'

theulti

)f{

derivation of Ter 'ughi's bearing capacity'

-

capacit v. P_j]+

Io'f,oflA'H

+

lz f Bti,t

ry-r0 ,^olll'ereh'tiatc.bclwceni-i.i,iir.'",,,.,

')o

bearittg capacity

inlocatshearisderernrined? "n;"

laicl at a

' foorini{'2lt}'sclirare is

: tltcttc trl(irriate

trtraring,

;;';:

i,,,(,tJ^j.,ll_Y.r"o,.

*,,,ET,

'*I$"otheultinratc

r'l'.

t.:.' I

deFtlrof | .J nrbeiorvthegrounct surface. Deternrirre

rncthod. [,lhkc.

,

.l _-2r kN/nrr,0= 30o,1q* *

cnpacity usil:glS

*.

.lO, N.r -= 18.,1.N, = ?3.4]

.+,

.''1.,

Whatis rhc charrgc,in b(laring catrr.rc:it;. rvben

| 'f'hc rr;rr''r'litrirrr'i:rs [. tlrcrcr.cr,['lrrc

3, 1'l:cr.vatcr tableriscs to thegrrrrrrrd

"lic,f

sur.face

trrurir.ring /

3. ?'hc rviltcr tahfcis I rrrbclorv ihcbasc

-.-i

_

cr. (

o. ,,.

71s.sr6fijt'i-.

ct ,/t

1

,,

,'/Square cohurrrr lirtirrclatiorr iis to hc dcsiqncd for a glos.s attow

If thclt>acli.sincfi'ed

| 'l'r:k-c-!e,q=J,

r

,;f.e xNrh{, 0 --S:_r

lbtc lgtal load ofol

arananlJe oF156,o ,,,.'r]ni"at. determine thewidthof

,-?'zsoxN'

l Nrnr,N" = 46Nu = 3.r'

:l"l::lu'"'r'

Nr

'= 48J

F--->

l.i. r\ rcctarrgular fqprl1;,$ (?ni t

-subic.cr.'i(r16nrt,, ^^ , :^:

t

1.5 rn) :s 1

ocilted at a depth cf.l

';nar.rrrg,r,"ro,,g.r,idi;,"i"'

nr.

The-foftirig is

u*;ffi;

T,:::';::.':,::::--"-1':ric;t)'c'r'0i

along tltc slrortcr:iicrc,. f),rr.errrri^t lrrri [rr.::

tskN/rn].

tskN/,-

,1,= 0".p= tcO kN/rn:

r

I

-/r.

| 7('

;rrrrl w. =

| (t

r.\,

rr- .l

1,1,,:::r.l::: :"1,".

'irrr'firr:(r.

benring fsilure. :1'Taki:'i *

,^:";tgaiQst

"1"*-r-;^::'*-w"rrturtyorv'j'rll

.rra{.frrr+;*." J7:r{* ,o"',e , , ., .

:'=:::'' :

N "1r

n,iti,iii.'eth',ir"u

soi!tiul,tq,t, " j

rf'oocfcauscsrhervarei.,;;,",";';;;;;'::.

l .l.lkc N.,

4t 6

",ih.*L.,,i.ss

r\,lrrrl lrcr.(:c,tl:tF1cot.rl,,r, is rcrhrr.cd

i

,

tt

,L

.

I

/

.i-{-

'.t:I

7

CIi 340 F'OUNDATION ENGINEERING

PTBE -

V SEMESTER

F.,@Ard,

,

),F

MID SEMESTER DGIvfiNATIoN

Mnx. mnrks:20

PARTA (3 .3 = 9)

time

I hr

a,

l.

2.

a-

Whatissample disturbance?Howcanit beminimized?

write down thegenerar,B,errhs lanaciv Equation for

il;*lffrH[Hl|]'l"Tl'""*

l

rltaneurar footrng4mx 2nrresring

Lii'at0.5mu,ro*di'g,ound rever.whyarerhe

Sketch thsconlrctprcssure for

.:.

Ftexible footing oncohesiontur, *il

;lrv. tj#fl,i!"::t::#,ffi4*--l

Rigidfooting

on cohesive s-oji

J

.

b'

How doyou determine settremen: ofthefo'ndation ftomprate road fst resurts?

3. Cop516.,

arectangularcotumn

foundatbn

ccJ

rhh

F"

t.iCili^tr

^

ir'r

l

:XQ([Lg'rntt\'t'.

.

i

.

"r1,,,r

.

P = I00 kN/m2

l,5m x 2m

Sarrd E= 16,300&il1,,m2

tr=0,4

'lo=

1.2

PARTB (5 +e = 11;

4. what rvilr

rveighr

bcthegross andnetsafe bqariry pressure of sandrnving $

of l? kl.l/m3 under

=

36 and. effeqtive ur.,ir"

a. I m wide strip lbotlne

b. I nrsquarc footing

.

t

,

Asstrrne thc

footings areplaced at a depth of

o,s. =

rm'berow ground surface and thatthewater rabre is

atgrcat dcprh. Assunrc f

3. For 0 = 36,N. = 47, N, = 43,

Calculare rlrc bearing capaciry if

i.

ii.

rhervater table rjscs to the baseofthe footinq

warer uble i.sat ground level.

I

Sir.

(

Ap=60kN/m2

y*r = 19kN/m3 , sand

ys,r = 20 kN/m3 , cla.r, e = l.l

LL=55

A s.il prolilrr is us srr.rvrr. il' . unib.'ty

distriburedloadAp is appriedat

(exending over a wide area) what is the settrementof trr6.cray layer consolidatio.r.

i.

ii.

Thesoilisnonrrally consolidated.

Thepreconsolidation pressureis

lg5 kN/m1

iii. 'l'he precoruotidation pressucis 160kN/m.2

Usc

=

C,

l,/5Cu ',

-,

theground surface

causcdby prirnary

oIt

;b' r A claydeposit4 m thickandrestiugon a

roskhasundergonecorsolidrtion undera

depositof

sandl8mthick. 'Thervarc/tablewasonthetgpofthesand.

bcenerbded' computetheprecorsotidation

lf

D.uetoerrsioq lOmofsandhave

pressure

atthecenEeoiurectaylayer.

tltcloadisplaced sot.lrattheverticalstressonrlrculaylayerisincreaserl by;o 1N/m1compute

'rt

rheseulemenr of the claylayer.

Bulkdensiry

MoisturecontenI

Specificgravity

C. (normallt'coruolidatecl)

C'(over consolidarcd)

Clay

Sand

20 kl{/m3

2.2kl.l/#

33%

Z,g

O.S .

O.Oe

t&

EH$g g

.r:_s

esfi 6

F

;

."gF;

i

'

.=

'8

l

o

t (It

E

'*'i*

c'

i1'

i

,

:

.ig'

i rQ. 3

E

u

ri

x

Bg$

iEt

F;g

Ert

F fi

o

.s

E

tr

E

:

F$

g;

3t

'*

Ir

E

a

F

E

E

F

-

::$E