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INPUT DATAS

INPUT GRADE OF CONCRETE fck 25 N/mm2


INPUT GRADE OF STEEL f y 415 N/mm2
INPUT ANGLE OF REPOSE OF SOIL 30 DEG
INPUT BULK DENSITY OF SOIL Ws 18 KN/m3
INPUT SOIL SAFE BEARING CAPACITY SBC 150 KN/m2
INPUT ANGLE OF SURCHARGE OF FILL C 10 DEG
INPUT COEFFT OF FRICTION 0.45
COS C 0.985
COS 0.866
COEFFT OF ACTIVE PRESSURE Ka 0.350 0.334
COEFFT OF PASSIVE PRESSURE Kp 2.859
INPUT HEIGHT OF FILLING H 3.00 mtr
MIN DEPTH OF FDN h 0.93 mtr
INPUT PROVIDE DEPTH OF FDN D h/4= 0.75 1.20 mtr 1.20
TOTAL HT OF WALL Ht=H+D 4.20 mtr
CONST 0.098
Toe Length TL 0.75 mtr 0.75
Heel Length HL 2.60 mtr
CALCULATED BASE WIDTH B(MIN) Bm 2.23 mtr
INPUT PROVIDE BASE WIDTH B B 3.75 mtr 3.75
INPUT SURCHARGE ps ps 2.00 KN/m
BASE SLAB THICK D(MIN) 350 280 mm 210
INPUT PROVIDE BASE SLAB THICK D 280 mm 0
WALL THICK AT BOTTOM T(MIN) 420 350 mm 280
INPUT PROVIDE WALL THICK AT BOTTOM T1 400 mm 400
INPUT PROVIDE WALL THICK AT TOP T2 200 mm 0
CHECK FOR BEARING PRESSURE
WT OF BASE SLAB/FOOTING W1 26.25 KN/m
WT OF STEM/ WALL RECTANGLE PART W2 19.60 KN/m
WT OF STEM/ WALL TRIANGLE PART W3 9.80 KN/m
WT OF REAR SOIL OVER HEEL W4 184.19 KN/m
WT/ AXIAL LOAD FROM COLUMN W5 0.00 KN/m
TOTAL STABILISING VERTICAL FORCE W 239.84 KN/m
HORIZONTAL EARTH PRESSURE Ph 48.37 KN/m
HORIZONTAL SURCHARGE Ps 15.37 KN/m
TOTAL HORIZONTAL PRESSURE V 63.73 KN/m
DISTANCE OF W1 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X1 X1 1.88 mtr
DISTANCE OF W2 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X2 0.85 mtr
DISTANCE OF W3 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X3 0.63 mtr
DISTANCE OF W3 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X4 2.66 mtr
DISTANCE OF W3 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X5 0.85 mtr
HT OF HORT FORCE Y1 FROM TOE TOP Y1 1.31 mtr
(WHERE WATER TABLE IS BELOW BASE OF FOOTING)
(Ex 15.1 RCC by BC Punmia & Ex 12.1 Vazrani and Ratwani)
RCC RETAINING WALL(CANTILEVERTYPE) MAX 6.0 MTR HEIGHT INCL COLUMN LOAD IN LINE
HT OF SUR FORCE Y2 FROM TOE TOP Y2 1.96 mtr
DIST OF VERT REACTION FROM TOE FRONT TIP 2.34 mtr
CALCULATION OF PRESSURE
REACTION OF FORCES 248.17 KN
DIST OF REACTION FROM TOE X 1.89 m
ECCENTRICITY e FROM CETRE OF BASE SLAB 0.01 m
PRESSURE AT TOE TIP Pmax 0 65.29 KN/m2 150
PRESSURE AT HEEL TIP Pmax 0 62.62 KN/m2 150
PRESSURE AT TOE FACE OF VER STEM 64.76 KN/m2
PRESSURE AT HEEL FACE OF VER STEM 64.47 KN/m2
FOS AGAINST OVERTURNING 6.34
FOS AGAINST SLIDING 1.69
DESIGN OF SHEAR KEY
INPUT PERMISSIBLE SHEAR STRESS Tc 0.33 N/mm2
THICKNESS OFKEY 0 mm 0
DEPTH OF KEY 0.00 m
KEY REINFORCEMENT 0 mm2
INPUT PROVIDE DIA OF STEEL BAR 10 mm
SPACING OF BARS 0 mm

DESIGN OF BASE SLAB
DESIGN OF TOE SLAB
EFFECTIVE DEPTH OF TOE d 205 mm
SPAN OF TOE L1 0.75 m
WT OF FOOTING W4 7.00 KN/m
MAX BM AT BASE OF TOE Mt 24.48 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 47.44 KN
DESIGN OF TOE SLAB TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 24.48 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 84 mm 195
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 200 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 10 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 75 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 280 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 0.61
m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a At
0.61 0.175 350 Sqmm
Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 410 Sqmm
OR INCREASE WIDTH OF FDN
Min Area of Steel 0.15 % (Temp Rft) 420 Sqmm
Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 11200 Sqmm
Provide Area of Tension Steel 420 Sqmm
Area of One Bar 78.57 Sqmm 10
RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 180 mm 10
Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 336 Sqmm
Check for Min rft OK
Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
420 Sqmm
INPUT Use 10 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 78.57 Sqmm 10
RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 180 mm 10
DESIGN/ CHECK FOR TOE SLAB TO RESIST SHEAR
Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 200 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 280 mm
Dia of Shear rft 10 mm
Area of One Bar 78.57 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 180 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 47.44 KN
Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.22 %
(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.344 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 280 mm thick slab, k=
Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.344 N/ Sqmm
Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.24 N/ Sqmm
Shear Check Safe
DESIGN OF HEELSLAB
SPAN OF HEEL L2 2.60 M
PRESSURE AT HEEL Wp 63.55 KN/m2
WT OF SOIL OVER HEEL W5 70.56 KN/m
WT OF HEEL W6 7.00 KN/m
MAX BM AT HEEL Mh 47.36 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 50.44 KN
DESIGN OF HEEL SLAB TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 47.36 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 117 mm 195
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 200 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 12 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 75 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 280 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 1.18
m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a At
1.18 0.348 697 Sqmm
Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 410 Sqmm
Min Area of Steel 0.15 % (Temp Rft) 420 Sqmm
Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 11200 Sqmm
Provide Area of Tension Steel 697 Sqmm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm 12
RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 160 mm 12
Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 336 Sqmm
Check for Min rft OK
Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
420 Sqmm
INPUT Use 12 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm 12
RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 260 mm 12
DESIGN/ CHECK FOR HEEL SLAB TO RESIST SHEAR
Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 200 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 280 mm
Dia of Shear rft 12 mm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 160 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 50.44 KN
Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.35 %
(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.423 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 280 mm thick slab, k=
Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.423 N/ Sqmm
Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.25 N/ Sqmm
Shear Check Safe
DESIGN OF STEM WALL
SPAN OF WALL L3 3.80 M
MAX BM AT BOTTOM OF WALL Mw 116.46 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 63.73 KN
DESIGN OF STEM WALL TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 116.46 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 184 mm 313
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 320 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Stem Wall rft 12 mm
Adopt Cover for Stem wall 75 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 400 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 1.14
m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a At
1.14 0.333 1068 Sqmm
Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 655 Sqmm
Min Area of Steel 0.15 % (Temp Rft) 600 Sqmm
Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 16000 Sqmm
Provide Area of Tension Steel 1068 Sqmm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm 12
RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 100 mm 12
Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 480 Sqmm
Check for Min rft OK
Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
600 Sqmm
INPUT Use 12 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm 12
RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 180 mm 12
CURTAILMENT REINFORCEMENT
DEPTH FROM TOP OF EMBANKMENT 2.1 Mtr
AREA OF REINFORCEMENT 534 Sqmm
Use Dia of Stem Wall rft 12 mm 20
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Distribution Bars 200 mm 12
DISTRIBUTION STEEL
DEPTH FROM TOP OF EMBANKMENT 2.1 Mtr
AREA OF REINFORCEMENT 600 Sqmm
Use Dia of Stem Wall rft 12 mm 16
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Distribution Bars 180 mm 12
DESIGN/ CHECK FOR STEM WALL TO RESIST SHEAR
Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 320 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 400 mm
Dia of Shear rft 12 mm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 100 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 63.73 KN
Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.35 %
(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.423 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 400 mm thick slab, k=
Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.423 N/ Sqmm
Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.20 N/ Sqmm
Shear Check Safe


Soil Ws KN/Sqm Rg Mean Fr bet soil & wall
Sand 17-20 25-35 30 0.55 29
Medium Clay 16-18 14-28 21 0.4 22
Soft Clay 15-17 4-16 10 0.33 18

Ka= Cos C((Cos C- Sqrt(Cos C^2-Cos ^2))/(Cos C+ Sqrt(Cos C^2-Cos ^2))) = ((1-SIN())/(1+SIN())^2
1/ka
h=SBC/Ws*(1-sin /1+sin )^2
DEPTH=H/4 AND NOT LESS THAN MIN DEPTH/ 1.00Mtr DEPTH OF FDN
Ht=H+DEPTH
= 1- q0/(2H) =TOE WIDTH/BASE WIDTH
Bm
B- Bm-T1
H*(Sqrt((1-sino/1+sino)/(1-k * (3*k+1)))*H Vaz Rat Page 437
GENERALLY B=Ht/3 AND NOT LESS THAN B(MIN)
GIVE VALUE=0 IF THERE IS NO SURCHARGE
D=Ht/12 to Ht/20
BASE SLAB THICKNESS
T=Ht/10 to H/15 H=
WALL THICKNESS AT BOT 3000
Th at Top T2 = T1/2 WALL THICKNESS AT TOP

W1=B*D*25
W2=(T1)*(H-D)*25
W3=(T2-T1)/2*(H-D)*25
W4=ALPHA*B*(Ht-D)*Ws+Ps*ALPHA* EXIST. GL
AXIAL LOAD FROM COLUMN IN LINE WITH RETAING WALL
W=W1+W2+W3+W4
P1=Ka*Ws*Ht*Ht/2
Ps=ps*Ht NAME FORCE LVR ARM MOM @ Toe h=
W1 26.25 1.88 49.22
X1=B/2 W2 19.60 0.85 16.66
ALPHA*B+T1/2 W3 9.80 0.63 6.22
ALPHA*B+T1+(T2-T1)/3 W4 184.19 2.66 489.76 1200
X3=B-ALPHA*B/2 W5 0.00 0.85 0.00 D=
W 239.84 2.34 561.86 280
Y1=Ht/3 Ph 48.37 1.31 63.20
(WHERE WATER TABLE IS BELOW BASE OF FOOTING)
(Ex 15.1 RCC by BC Punmia & Ex 12.1 Vazrani and Ratwani)
RCC RETAINING WALL(CANTILEVERTYPE) MAX 6.0 MTR HEIGHT INCL COLUMN LOAD IN LINE
Y2=Ht/2 Pv 15.37 1.96 30.12
W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3/(V ) V 63.73 1.46 93.32 10 # @
R 248.17 1.89 468.54 180 mm c/c
R=V*V+H*H
X=(W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3+Ph*Y1+Ps*Y2)/R 10 # @
e=X-B/2 (- SIGN FOR RESULTANT FORCE AWAY TO HEAL SIDE OF STEM SLAB) CHECK Pmax < SBC 180 mm c/c
Pmax=W/B(1+6*e/B) CHECK Pmin>O (TO RESIST VERTICAL UP PR)
Pmin=W/B(1-6*e/B)
CHECK FOS>1.5
CHECK FOS>1.5
FOS=(W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3)/(P*Y1+Ps*Y2)
FOS=u*W/(Ph+Ps)
ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETRES
FROM IS 456 TABLE FOR M25= 0.29/MM2 FOR M30=0.29N/MM2
THICKNESS OF KEY=(P+Ps)*1.5/Tc SHEAR KEY THICK
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
d=D-COVER 100 As/bd SS N/Sqmm
L1=B-B2-T 0.20 14.51 0.331
W4=D*25
Mt=(W4+Pmax)*L1*L1/2
V=(Pmax*(L1-d))*1.5
Max Depth of Nutral Axis
fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d H=
415 0.48 d 3.00
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Concrete M Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949 EXIST. GL
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547 h=
1.20
Steel
TOE
750
0.75
D=
0.28
mm Dia
SBC 65.29
mm Dia 150
mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
mm Dia
mm Dia
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd SS N/Sqmm
0.22 13.30 0.344
N/ Sqmm
1.00 Value of K
1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

HL
Wp=(P2+P4)/2
W5=Ws*(Ht-D)
W6=25*D
Mh=Wp+W5+W6)*L2*L2
V=(Pheel*(L2-d))*1.5
3.75
Max Depth of Nutral Axis
fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Concrete M Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547
mm Dia
mm Dia
mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
mm Dia
mm Dia
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Steel
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd SS N/Sqmm
0.35 8.21 0.423
N/ Sqmm
1.00 Value of K
1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

L3=Ht-D
Mw=Ph* Ht/3+Ps*Ht/2 L3*L3+PsL3*L3/2
V=(Pheel*(L2-d))*1.5
Max Depth of Nutral Axis
fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Concrete M Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547
mm Dia
mm Dia
Steel
mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
mm Dia
mm Dia
mm Dia
mm Dia
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd SS N/Sqmm
0.35 8.21 0.423
N/ Sqmm
1.00 Value of K
1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

2 KN/M SURCHARGE
MADE UP GL MADE UP GL
t= 200
ANGLE OF SURCHARGE C
12 # @
200 mm c/c
EARTH FILLING SIDE
12 # @
180 mm c/c
12 # @
100 mm c/c
12 # @
1960 100 mm c/c
12 # @
180 mm c/c
12 # @
160 mm c/c
(TO RESIST VERTICAL DOWN PRESSURE)
528
12 # @
0.00 260 mm c/c
10 # @
0 mm c/c
0
(TO RESIST VERTICAL UP PR)
T=
400
B= 3750
ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETRES
2 KN/M SURCHARGE
MADE UP GL MADE UP GL
W5
0.00
t= 0.20
ANGLE OF SURCHARGE C
EARTH FILLING SIDE
Ps
15.37
Ph
48.37
W2
19.60

W3 W4
9.80 184.19
R
0.01
0.40
2600
TOE
750
HEEL
0.75 2.60
W1
26.25

64.76 64.47 62.62

3.75
(Ex 14.1 Dhayaratnam& Ex 19.3 AK Jain)
INPUT DATAS
INPUT GRADE OF CONCRETE fck 25 N/mm2
INPUT GRADE OF STEEL f y 415 N/mm2
INPUT ANGLE OF REPOSE OF SOIL 35 DEG
INPUT BULK DENSITY OF SOIL Ws 17 KN/m2
INPUT SOIL SAFE BEARING CAPACITY SBC 200 KN/m2
INPUT ANGLE OF SURCHARGE OF FILL C 0 DEG
INPUT COEFFT OF FRICTION 0.45
COS C 1
COS 0.819
COEFFT OF ACTIVE PRESSURE Ka 0.271
COEFFT OF PASSIVE PRESSURE Kp 3.687
INPUT HEIGHT OF FILLING H 3 mtr
MIN DEPTH OF FDN h 0.87 mtr
INPUT PROVIDE DEPTH OF FDN D h/4= 0.75 1.80 mtr 1.80
TOTAL HT OF WALL Ht=H+D 4.80 mtr
CONST (Select FACTOR b from the range ) = 0.740 0.740 0.851
CALCULATED BASE WIDTH B(MIN) 2.00 mtr
INPUT PROVIDE BASE WIDTH B 4.60 mtr 4.60
INPUT SURCHARGE ps 0 KN/m
BASE SLAB THICK D(MIN) 320 mm
INPUT PROVIDE BASE SLAB THICK D 320 mm 0
WALL THICK AT BOTTOM T(MIN) 400 mm
INPUT PROVIDE WALL THICK AT BOTTOM T1 400 mm 0
INPUT PROVIDE WALL THICK AT TOP T2 200 mm 0
CHECK FOR BEARING PRESSURE
WT OF BASE SLAB/FOOTING W1 36.80 KN/m
WT OF STEM/ WALL W2 33.60 KN/m
WT OF REAR SOIL OVER HEEL W3 259.18 KN/m
TOTAL STABILISING VERTICAL FORCE V 329.58 KN/m

HORIZONTAL EARTH PRESSURE Ph 46.27 KN/m
HORIZONTAL SURCHARGE Ps 0.00 KN/m
TOTAL HORIZONTAL PRESSURE 46.27 KN/m
DISTANCE OF W1 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X1 2.30 mtr
DISTANCE OF W2 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X2 1.00 mtr
DISTANCE OF W3 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X3 2.90 mtr
HT OF HORT FORCE Y1 FROM TOE TOP 1.49 mtr
HT OF SUR FORCE Y2 FROM TOE TOP 2.24 mtr
DIST OF VERT REACTION FROM TOE FRONT TIP 2.64 mtr
RCC RETAINING WALL(CANTILEVERTYPE) MAX 6.0 MTR HEIGHT AND CLOLUMNS IN LINE
(WHERE WATER TABLE IS BELOW BASE OF FOOTING)
CALCULATION OF PRESSURE
REACTION OF FORCES 332.82 KN
DIST OF REACTION FROM TOE X 2.40 m
ECCENTRICITY e 0.10 m
PRESSURE AT TOE TIP Pmax 81.42 KN/m2
PRESSURE AT HEEL TIP Pmax 61.88 KN/m2
PRESSURE AT TOE FACE OF VER STEM 78.03 KN/m2
FOS AGAINST OVERTURNING 12.58
FOS AGAINST SLIDING 3.21
IF FOS<1.5 PROVIDE SHEAR KEY
OR INCREASE WIDTH OF FDN
DESIGN OF SHEAR KEY
INPUT PERMISSIBLE SHEAR STRESS Tc 0.33 N/mm2
THICKNESS OFKEY 1000 mm 1000
DEPTH OF KEY 0.00 m
KEY REINFORCEMENT 1200 mm2
INPUT PROVIDE DIA OF STEEL BAR 16 mm
SPACING OF BARS 160 mm

DESIGN OF BASE SLAB
DESIGN OF TOE SLAB
EFFECTIVE DEPTH OF TOE d 245 mm
SPAN OF TOE L1 0.80 m
WT OF FOOTING W4 8.00 KN/m
MAX BM AT BASE OF TOE Mt 34.16 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 59.37 KN
DESIGN OF TOE SLAB TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 34.16 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 100 mm 232
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 240 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 16 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 75 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 325 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 0.59
m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a At
0.59 0.169 406 Sqmm
Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 491.57 Sqmm
Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 13000 Sqmm
Provide Area of Tension Steel 492 Sqmm
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm 16
RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 400 mm 16
Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 390 Sqmm
Check for Min rft OK
Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
487.5 Sqmm
INPUT Use 16 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm 16
RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 410 mm 16
DESIGN/ CHECK FOR TOE SLAB TO RESIST SHEAR
Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 240 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 325 mm
Dia of Shear rft 16 mm
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 400 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 59.37 KN
Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.21 %
(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.338 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 325 mm thick slab, k=
Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.338 N/ Sqmm
Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.25 N/ Sqmm
Shear Check Safe
DESIGN OF HEELSLAB
SPAN OF HEEL L2 3.40 M
PRESSURE AT HEEL Wp 76 KN/m2
WT OF SOIL OVER HEEL W5 76 KN/m
WT OF HEEL W6 8 KN/m
MAX BM AT HEEL Mh 266 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 218.22 KN
DESIGN OF HEEL SLAB TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 266.33 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 278 mm 232
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 280 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 16 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 75 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 365 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 3.40
m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a At
3.40 1.167 3268 Sqmm
Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 573.49 Sqmm
Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 14600 Sqmm
Provide Area of Tension Steel 3268 Sqmm
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm 16
RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 60 mm 16
Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 438 Sqmm
Check for Min rft OK
Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
547.5 Sqmm
INPUT Use 16 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm 16
RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 360 mm 16
DESIGN/ CHECK FOR HEEL SLAB TO RESIST SHEAR
Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 280 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 365 mm
Dia of Shear rft 16 mm
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 60 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 218.22 KN
Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 1.20 %
(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.685 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 365 mm thick slab, k=
Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.685 N/ Sqmm
Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.78 N/ Sqmm
Shear Check Un safe
DESIGN OF STEM WALL
SPAN OF WALL L3 4.40 M
MAX BM AT BOTTOM OF WALL Mw 103.63 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 46.27 KN
DESIGN OF STEM WALL TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 103.63 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 173 mm 309
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 310 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Stem Wall rft 16 mm
Adopt Cover for Stem wall 75 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 395 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 1.08
m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a At
1.08 0.315 978 Sqmm
Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 634.94 Sqmm
Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 15800 Sqmm
Provide Area of Tension Steel 978 Sqmm
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm 16
RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 200 mm 16
Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 474 Sqmm
Check for Min rft OK
Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
592.5 Sqmm
INPUT Use 16 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm 16
RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 330 mm 16
CURTAILMENT REINFORCEMENT
DEPTH FROM TOP OF EMBANKMENT 2.4 Mtr
AREA OF REINFORCEMENT 489 Sqmm
Use Dia of Stem Wall rft 16 mm 20
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Distribution Bars 400 mm 16
DISTRIBUTION STEEL
DEPTH FROM TOP OF EMBANKMENT 2.4 Mtr
AREA OF REINFORCEMENT 592.5 Sqmm
Use Dia of Stem Wall rft 16 mm 16
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Distribution Bars 330 mm 16
DESIGN/ CHECK FOR STEM WALL TO RESIST SHEAR
Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 310 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 395 mm
Dia of Shear rft 16 mm
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 200 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 46.27 KN
Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.32 %
(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.408 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 395 mm thick slab, k=
Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.408 N/ Sqmm
Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.15 N/ Sqmm
Shear Check Safe

(Ex 14.1 Dhayaratnam& Ex 19.3 AK Jain)

Soil Ws KN/Sqm Rg Mean Fr bet soil & wall
Sand 17-20 25-35 30 0.55 29
Medium Clay 16-18 14-28 21 0.4 22
Soft Clay 15-17 4-16 10 0.33 18
Ka= Cos C((Cos C- Sqrt(Cos C^2-Cos ^2))/(Cos C+ Sqrt(Cos C^2-Cos ^2))) = ((1-SIN())/(1+SIN())^2
h=SBC/Ws*(1-sin /1+sin )^2
DEPTH=H/4 AND NOT LESS THAN MIN DEPTH/ 1.00Mtr DEPTH OF FDN
Ht=H+DEPTH
=0.36*(SQRT(1+(3.4*SBC)/(Ws*Ht))-1) TO 0.45*(SQRT(1+(3*SBC)/(Ws*Ht))-1 =HEEL WIDTH/BASE WIDTH
B=0.5*Ht*SQRT(Ka/((1-0.55*))
GENERALLY B=Ht/3 AND NOT LESS THAN B(MIN)
GIVE VALUE=0 IF THERE IS NO SURCHARGE
D=Ht/12 to Ht/20
BASE SLAB THICKNESS
T=Ht/10 to H/15 H=
WALL THICKNESS AT BOT 3000
Th at Top T2 = T1/2 WALL THICKNESS AT TOP

W1=B*D*25
W2=(T1+T2)/2*(H-D)*25
W3=ALPHA*B*(Ht-D)*Ws+Ps*ALPHA*
W=W1+W2+W3 EXIST. GL
P1=Ka*Ws*Ht*Ht/2
Ps=ps*Ht
h=
X1=B/2
X2=B-ALPHA*B-T1/2
X3=B-ALPHA*B/2 1800
Y1=Ht/3 D=
Y2=Ht/2 320
W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3/(V )
RCC RETAINING WALL(CANTILEVERTYPE) MAX 6.0 MTR HEIGHT AND CLOLUMNS IN LINE
(WHERE WATER TABLE IS BELOW BASE OF FOOTING)
16 # @
R=V*V+H*H 410 mm c/c
X=(W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3+Ph*Y1+Ps*Y2)/R
e=X-B/2 16 # @
Pmax=W/B(1-6*e/B) CHECK Pmax < SBC 400 mm c/c
Pmin=W/B(1-6*e/B) CHECK Pmin>O (TO RESIST VERTICAL UP PR)
FOS=(W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3)/(P*Y1+Ps*Y2) CHECK FOS>1.5
FOS=u*W/(Ph+Ps) CHECK FOS>1.5
ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETRES
FROM IS 456 TABLE FOR M25= 0.29/MM2 FOR M30=0.29N/MM2
THICKNESS OF KEY=(P+Ps)*1.5/Tc SHEAR KEY THICK
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
d=D-COVER 100 As/bd SS N/Sqmm
L1=B-B2-T 0.20 14.51 0.331
W4=D*25
Mt=(W4+Pmax)*L1*L1/2
V=(Pmax*(L1-d))*1.5
Max Depth of Nutral Axis
fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Concrete M Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547
800
Steel
mm Dia
mm Dia
mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
mm Dia
mm Dia
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd SS N/Sqmm
0.21 13.85 0.338
N/ Sqmm
1.00 Value of K
1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

L2=ALPHA*B
Wp=Pmin+(Pmax-Pmin)*alpha
W5=Ws*(Ht-D)
W6=25*D
Mh=Wp+W5+W6)*L2*L2
V=(Pheel*(L2-d))*1.5
Max Depth of Nutral Axis
fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Concrete M Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547
mm Dia
mm Dia
mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
mm Dia
mm Dia
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd SS N/Sqmm
Steel
1.20 2.42 0.685
N/ Sqmm
1.00 Value of K
1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

L3=Ht-D
Mw=Ph* Ht/3+Ps*Ht/2 L3*L3+PsL3*L3/2
V=(Pheel*(L2-d))*1.5
Max Depth of Nutral Axis
fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Concrete M Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547
mm Dia
mm Dia
Steel
mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
mm Dia
mm Dia
mm Dia
mm Dia
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd SS N/Sqmm
0.32 8.95 0.408
N/ Sqmm
1.00 Value of K
1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

0 KN/M SURCHARGE
MADE UP GL MADE UP GL
t= 200
ANGLE OF SURCHARGE C
16 # @
400 mm c/c
EARTH FILLING SIDE
16 # @
330 mm c/c
16 # @
200 mm c/c
16 # @
2240 200 mm c/c
16 # @
330 mm c/c
16 # @
60 mm c/c
(TO RESIST VERTICAL DOWN PRESSURE)
704
16 # @
0.00 360 mm c/c
16 # @
160 mm c/c
1000
(TO RESIST VERTICAL UP PR)
T=
400
B= 4600
ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETRES
800 3400

INPUT DATAS
INPUT GRADE OF CONCRETE fck 25 N/mm2
INPUT GRADE OF STEEL f y 415 N/mm2
INPUT ANGLE OF REPOSE OF SOIL 30 DEG
INPUT BULK DENSITY OF SOIL Ws 16 KN/m3
INPUT SOIL SAFE BEARING CAPACITY SBC 200 KN/m2
INPUT ANGLE OF SURCHARGE OF FILL C 15 DEG
INPUT CLEAR SPACING OF COUNTERFORT L 3.24 3.00 mtr 3.00
INPUT THICKNESS OF COUNTERFORT Tc 0.30 mtr 0.30
C/C SPACING OF COUNTERFORT Lc 3.30 mtr
INPUT BASE WIDTH OF FRONT COUNTERFORT B2 1.25 mtr
INPUT HT OF FRONT COUNTERFORT ABOVE BASE SLAB 3.00 mtr
INPUT COEFFT OF FRICTION 0.6
COS C 0.966
COS 0.866
COEFFT OF ACTIVE PRESSURE Ka 0.373 0.334
COEFFT OF PASSIVE PRESSURE Kp 2.680
INPUT HEIGHT OF FILLING H 6.00 mtr
MIN DEPTH OF FDN h 1.39 mtr
INPUT PROVIDE DEPTH OF FDN D h/4= 1.5 1.50 mtr 1.50
TOTAL HT OF WALL Ht=H+D 7.50 mtr
CONST 0.242
Toe Length TL 0.90 1.25 mtr 1.25
Heel Length HL 3.25 mtr
CALCULATED BASE WIDTH B(MIN) Bm 3.72 mtr
INPUT PROVIDE BASE WIDTH B B 4.75 mtr 4.75
BASE WIDTH OF REAR COUNTERFORT B1 3.25 mtr
INPUT SURCHARGE ps ps 2.00 KN/m
BASE SLAB THICK D(MIN) 409 mm
INPUT PROVIDE BASE SLAB THICK D 409 mm 400
WALL THICK AT BOTTOM T(MIN) 250 mm
INPUT PROVIDE WALL THICK AT BOTTOM T1 250 mm 0
INPUT PROVIDE WALL THICK AT TOP T2 250 250 mm 0
CHECK FOR BEARING PRESSURE
WT OF BASE SLAB/FOOTING W1 48.53 KN/m
WT OF STEM/ WALL RECTANGLE PART W2 44.32 KN/m
WT OF STEM/ WALL TRIANGLE PART W3 0.00 KN/m
WT OF REAR SOIL OVER HEEL W4 371.05 KN/m
WT/ AXIAL LOAD FROM COLUMN W5 0.00 KN/m
TOTAL STABILISING VERTICAL FORCE W 463.90 KN/m
HORIZONTAL EARTH PRESSURE Ph 150.12 KN/m
HORIZONTAL SURCHARGE Ps 50.29 KN/m
(WHERE WATER TABLE IS BELOW BASE OF FOOTING)
(Ex 15.4 RCC by BC Punmia & Ex 12.5 Vazrani and Ratwani)
RCC COUNTERFORT RETAINING WALL (HT ABOVE 6 MTR) INCL COLUMN LOAD IN LINE
TOTAL HORIZONTAL PRESSURE V 200.41 KN/m
DISTANCE OF W1 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X1 X1 2.38 mtr
DISTANCE OF W2 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X2 1.38 mtr
DISTANCE OF W3 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X3 1.40 mtr
DISTANCE OF W3 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X4 3.33 mtr
DISTANCE OF W3 FROM TOE FRONT TIP X5 1.38 mtr
HT OF HORT FORCE Y1 FROM TOE TOP Y1 2.36 mtr
HT OF SUR FORCE Y2 FROM TOE TOP Y2 3.55 mtr
DIST OF VERT REACTION FROM TOE FRONT TIP 3.04 mtr
CALCULATION OF PRESSURE
REACTION OF FORCES 505.34 KN
DIST OF REACTION FROM TOE X 1.74 m
ECCENTRICITY e FROM CETRE OF BASE SLAB -0.64 m
PRESSURE AT TOE TIP Pmax 0 18.78 KN/m2 200
PRESSURE AT HEEL TIP Pmax 0 176.54 KN/m2 200
PRESSURE AT TOE FACE OF VER STEM 60.30 KN/m2
PRESSURE AT HEEL FACE OF VER STEM 68.60 KN/m2
FOS AGAINST OVERTURNING 2.75
FOS AGAINST SLIDING 1.39
DESIGN OF SHEAR KEY
INPUT PERMISSIBLE SHEAR STRESS Tc 0.33 N/mm2
THICKNESS OFKEY 910 mm 0
DEPTH OF KEY 0.00 m
KEY REINFORCEMENT 1092 mm2
INPUT PROVIDE DIA OF STEEL BAR 10 mm
SPACING OF BARS 70 mm

DESIGN OF BASE SLAB
DESIGN OF TOE SLAB
EFFECTIVE DEPTH OF TOE d 334 mm
SPAN OF TOE L1 1.25 m
WT OF FOOTING W4 10.22 KN/m
MAX BM AT BASE OF TOE BOTTOM NEAR COUNTERFORT EDGE Mt 56.34 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 154.35 KN
DESIGN OF TOE SLAB TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 56.34 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 128 mm 324
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 330 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 10 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 75 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 410 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
OR INCREASE WIDTH OF FDN
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 0.52
m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a At
0.52 0.147 485 Sqmm
Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 675.90 Sqmm
Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 16400 Sqmm
Provide Area of Tension Steel 676 Sqmm
Area of One Bar 78.57 Sqmm 10
RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 110 mm 10
Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 492 Sqmm
Check for Min rft OK
Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
615 Sqmm
INPUT Use 10 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 78.57 Sqmm 10
RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 120 mm 10
DESIGN/ CHECK FOR TOE SLAB TO RESIST SHEAR
Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 330 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 410 mm
Dia of Shear rft 10 mm
Area of One Bar 78.57 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 110 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 154.35 KN
Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.22 %
(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.342 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 410 mm thick slab, k=
Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.342 N/ Sqmm
Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.47 N/ Sqmm
Shear Check Un safe
Design of Stirrups
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Effective Depth of Beam 330 mm
Over all Depth of Beam 410 mm
Width of Beam 1000 mm
Max Shear Force wl/2 Vu 154.35 KN
Strength of Shear rft Vus=Vu-Tc bd 41336 N
INPUT Dia of Shear rft 12 mm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
INPUT No of legged vertical stirrups 4 Nos
Area of Vertical Stirrup Rft Asv 452.57 mm
RESULT Spacing of Shear rft x=0.87 fy Asv d/ Vus 1300 mm 420
Check for Spacing OK Min Spacing is 100 mm for placing of Concrete, Max 450 mm
Min Area of Shear rft 0.4 b x /fy 404.82 Sqmm
Check for min Shear rft Area OK If NOT OK then Increase the size of Rft oa more No of Legs
DESIGN OF HEELSLAB
SPAN OF HEEL L2 3.25 M
PRESSURE AT HEEL Wp 68.60 KN/m2
WT OF SOIL OVER HEEL W4 113.46 KN/m
WT OF HEEL W1a 10.22 KN/m
MAX BM AT HEEL TOP at Counterfort Mh 61.96 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 123.92 KN
DESIGN OF HEEL SLAB TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 61.96 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 134 mm 324
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 330 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 12 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 75 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 410 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 0.57
m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a At
0.57 0.162 535 Sqmm
Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 675.90 Sqmm
Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 16400 Sqmm
Provide Area of Tension Steel 676 Sqmm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm 12
RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 160 mm 12
Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 492 Sqmm
Check for Min rft OK
Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
615 Sqmm
INPUT Use 12 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm 12
RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 180 mm 12
DESIGN/ CHECK FOR HEEL SLAB TO RESIST SHEAR
Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 330 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 410 mm
Dia of Shear rft 12 mm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 160 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 123.92 KN
Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.21 %
(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.341 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 410 mm thick slab, k=
Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.341 N/ Sqmm
Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.38 N/ Sqmm
Shear Check Un safe
Design of Stirrups
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Effective Depth of Beam 330 mm
Over all Depth of Beam 410 mm
Width of Beam 1000 mm
Max Shear Force wl/2 Vu 123.92 KN
Strength of Shear rft Vus=Vu-Tc bd 11399 N
INPUT Dia of Shear rft 10 mm
Area of One Bar 78.57 Sqmm
INPUT No of legged vertical stirrups 2 Nos
Area of Vertical Stirrup Rft Asv 157.14 mm
RESULT Spacing of Shear rft x=0.87 fy Asv d/ Vus 1640 mm 420
Check for Spacing OK Min Spacing is 100 mm for placing of Concrete, Max 450 mm
Min Area of Shear rft 0.4 b x /fy 404.82 Sqmm
Check for min Shear rft Area NOT OK If NOT OK then Increase the size of Rft oa more No of Legs
DESIGN OF STEM WALL
SPAN / HT OF STEM WALL L3 7.09 M
HORIZONTAL PRESSURE ON STEM WALL Ph 40.90 KN/m2
CLEAR SPACING OF COUNTERFORT L L 3.00 M
MAX BM AT BOTTOM OF WALL Mw Mw 46.01 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax V 61.35 KN
DESIGN OF STEM WALL TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 46.01 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 116 mm 200
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 200 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Stem Wall rft 12 mm
Adopt Cover for Stem wall 40 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 245 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 1.15
m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a At
1.15 0.337 675 Sqmm
Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 409.64 Sqmm
Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 9800 Sqmm
Provide Area of Tension Steel 675 Sqmm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm 12
RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 160 mm 12
Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 294 Sqmm
Check for Min rft OK
Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
367.5 Sqmm
INPUT Use 12 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm 12
RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 300 mm 12
CURTAILMENT REINFORCEMENT
DEPTH FROM TOP OF EMBANKMENT 3.75 Mtr
AREA OF REINFORCEMENT 337.5 Sqmm
Use Dia of Stem Wall rft 12 mm 20
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Distribution Bars 320 mm 12
DISTRIBUTION STEEL
DEPTH FROM TOP OF EMBANKMENT 3.75 Mtr
AREA OF REINFORCEMENT 367.5 Sqmm
Use Dia of Stem Wall rft 12 mm 16
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Distribution Bars 300 mm 12
DESIGN/ CHECK FOR STEM WALL TO RESIST SHEAR
Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 200 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 245 mm
Dia of Shear rft 12 mm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 160 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 61.35 KN
Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.35 %
(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.423 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 245 mm thick slab, k=
Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.466 N/ Sqmm
Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.31 N/ Sqmm
Shear Check Safe
DESIGN OF FRONT COUNTER FORT (OVER TOE) TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT
Length of Front Counter Fort 1.25 Mtr
Earth Pressure at tip of Counter Fort w1 18.78 KN/Sqm
Earth Pressure at Stem of Counter Fort w3 60.30 KN/Sqm
Ht of Front Counterfort Above Base Slab 3.00 Mtr
C/C dist between Counter Fort 3.30 Mtr
Max BM due to Earth Pressure 101.94 KN M 84.10 101.94
Max SF due to Earth Pressure 163.11 KN
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 0.3 Mtr
Max BM Mx 101.94 N-MM
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 314 mm
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 320 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 16 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 50 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 380 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 300 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 3.32
m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a At
3.32 1.132 1087 Sqmm
Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 196.63 Sqmm
Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 4560 Sqmm
Provide Area of Tension Steel 1087 Sqmm
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm 16
RESULT No of Main Bars 6 Nos 16
Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 456 Sqmm
Check for Min rft OK
Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
570 Sqmm
INPUT Use 16 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm 16
RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 350 mm 16
INPUT Provided Depth of Front Counter Fort 1250 mm 1250
Shear Force at d away from Stem
DESIGN/ CHECK FOR FRONT COUNTER FORT WALL TO RESIST SHEAR
Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 320 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 380 mm
Dia of Shear rft 16 mm
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm
No of Bars 6 Nos
Max Shear Force wL/2 163.11 KN
Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 1.26 %
(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.697 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 380 mm thick slab, k=
Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.697 N/ Sqmm
Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.51 N/ Sqmm
Shear Check Safe
Provide 10 mm dia 2 legged stirrup at 200 C/C to connect with stem
DESIGN OF REAR COUNTER FORT (OVER HEEL) TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT
Height of Front Counter Fort 7.50 Mtr
Base Widh of Front Counter Fort 3.25 Mtr
Inclination of Counter Fort = 0.4089 Radian 23.43 Degree
Ht of Earth Filling Above GL 7.09 Mtr
Max BM = wh^3*(1-sin)/(1+sin)*3/6 950.96 KN m
SF/HorizThrust wh^2*(1-sin)/(1+sin)*3/2 402.30 KN
Effective depth d= h*sin -cover 2,902 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 0.3 Mtr
Max BM Mx 950.96 N-MM
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 959 mm 1200
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 1200 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 20 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 50 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 1260 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 300 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 2.20
m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a At
2.20 0.688 2479 Sqmm
Sqmm
Provide Area of Tension Steel 2479 Sqmm
Area of One Bar 314.29 Sqmm 20
RESULT No of Main Bars 8 Nos 20
Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 1512 Sqmm
Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
1890 Sqmm
INPUT Use 16 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm 16
RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 110 mm 16
DESIGN/ CHECK FOR REAR COUNTER FORT WALL TO RESIST SHEAR
SF/HorizThrust wh^2*(1-sin)/(1+sin)*3/2 402.30 KN
Net SF= F-M*tan /d' 87.21 KN
Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 1200 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 1260 mm
Dia of Shear rft 20 mm
Area of One Bar 314.29 Sqmm
No of Bars 8 Nos
Max Shear Force wL/2 87.21 KN
Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.70 %
(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.559 N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 1260 mm thick slab, k=
Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.559 N/ Sqmm
Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.07 N/ Sqmm
Shear Check Safe
Provide 10 mm dia 2 legged stirrup at 200 C/C to connect with stem


Soil Ws KN/Sqm Rg Mean Fr bet soil & wall
Sand 17-20 25-35 30 0.55 29
Medium Clay 16-18 14-28 21 0.4 22
Soft Clay 15-17 4-16 10 0.33 18
D=22*(H/)^(1/4)
T= H/10
B1=(B-Tc)/2
H=
0

Ka= Cos C((Cos C- Sqrt(Cos C^2-Cos ^2))/(Cos C+ Sqrt(Cos C^2-Cos ^2))) = ((1-SIN())/(1+SIN())^2
1/ka
h=SBC/Ws*(1-sin /1+sin )^2
DEPTH=H/4 AND NOT LESS THAN MIN DEPTH/ 1.00Mtr DEPTH OF FDN EXIST. GL
Ht=H+DEPTH
= 1- q0/(2H) =TOE WIDTH/BASE WIDTH
Bm h=
B- Bm-T1
H*(Sqrt((1-sino/1+sino)/(1-k * (3*k+1)))*H Vaz Rat Page 437
B1=(B-Tc)/2, Alpha*B,F32) #VALUE!
GIVE VALUE=0 IF THERE IS NO SURCHARGE D=
0
D=40*L*H^0.5+80
BASE SLAB THICKNESS
T=Ht/10 to H/15 0 # @
WALL THICKNESS AT BOT 0 mm c/c
Th at Top T2 = T1 /2 WALL THICKNESS AT TOP
25 # @
0 mm c/c
W1=B*D*25 (TO RESIST VERTICAL UP PR)
W2=(T1)*(H-D)*25
W3=(T2-T1)/2*(H-D)*25
W4=ALPHA*B*(Ht-D)*Ws+Ps*ALPHA*
AXIAL LOAD FROM COLUMN IN LINE WITH RETAING WALL
W=W1+W2+W3+W4
P1=Ka*Ws*Ht*Ht/2 NAME FORCE LVR ARM MOM @ Toe ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETRES
Ps=ps*Ht W1 48.53 2.38 115.25
GENERALLY B=0.5H TO 0.6H AND NOT LESS THAN B(MIN) REF PUNMIA PP 857
(WHERE WATER TABLE IS BELOW BASE OF FOOTING)
(Ex 15.4 RCC by BC Punmia & Ex 12.5 Vazrani and Ratwani)
RCC COUNTERFORT RETAINING WALL (HT ABOVE 6 MTR) INCL COLUMN LOAD IN LINE
#VALUE!
W2 44.32 1.38 60.94
X1=B/2 W3 0.00 1.40 0.00
ALPHA*B+T1/2 W4 371.05 3.33 1234.04
ALPHA*B+T1+(T2-T1)/3 W5 0.00 1.38 0.00
X3=B-ALPHA*B/2 W 463.90 3.04 1410.22
Ph 150.12 2.36 354.86
Y1=Ht/3 Ps 50.29 3.55 178.30
Y2=Ht/2 V 200.41 2.66 533.16
W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3/(V ) R 505.34 1.74 877.06
R=V*V+H*H
X=(W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3+Ph*Y1+Ps*Y2)/R
e=X-B/2 (- SIGN FOR RESULTANT FORCE AWAY TO HEAL SIDE OF STEM SLAB) CHECK Pmax < SBC
Pmax=W/B(1+6*e/B) CHECK Pmin>O
Pmin=W/B(1-6*e/B)
CHECK FOS>1.5
CHECK FOS>1.5
FOS=(W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3)/(P*Y1+Ps*Y2)
FOS=u*W/(Ph+Ps)
FROM IS 456 TABLE FOR M25= 0.29/MM2 FOR M30=0.29N/MM2
THICKNESS OF KEY=(P+Ps)*1.5/Tc SHEAR KEY THICK
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
d=D-COVER 100 As/bd SS N/Sqmm
L1=B-B2-T 0.20 14.51 0.331
W4=D*25
Mt=(W4+Pmax)*L1*L1/2
V=(Pmax*(L1-d))*1.5
Max Depth of Nutral Axis
fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d H=
415 0.48 d 6.00
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Concrete M Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
Steel
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949 EXIST. GL
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547 h=
1.50
D=
0.41
mm Dia
SBC 18.78
mm Dia 200
mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
mm Dia
mm Dia
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd SS N/Sqmm
0.22 13.41 0.342
N/ Sqmm
1.00 Value of K
1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

1.25
4.75
TOE
12 mm Dia 4 Legs
Min Spacing is 100 mm for placing of Concrete, Max 450 mm
If NOT OK then Increase the size of Rft oa more No of Legs
HL
Wp=(P2+P4)/2
W5=Ws*(Ht-D)
W6=25*D
Mh=Wp+W5+W6)*L2*L2
V=Pheel/2*clear width of counterfort*1.5
Max Depth of Nutral Axis
fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Concrete M Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547
Steel
mm Dia
mm Dia
mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
mm Dia
mm Dia
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd SS N/Sqmm
0.21 13.55 0.341
N/ Sqmm
1.00 Value of K
1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

10 mm Dia 2 Legs
Min Spacing is 100 mm for placing of Concrete, Max 450 mm
If NOT OK then Increase the size of Rft oa more No of Legs
L3=Ht-D
Ka ** H *Cos c
Mw=Ph* L^2/8
V=Ph*L/2
Max Depth of Nutral Axis
fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Concrete M Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547
mm Dia
mm Dia
Steel
mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
mm Dia
mm Dia
mm Dia
mm Dia
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd SS N/Sqmm
0.35 8.21 0.423
N/ Sqmm
1.10 Value of K
1.10 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

Max Depth of Nutral Axis
fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Concrete M Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547
mm Dia
mm Dia
mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
mm Dia
Steel
mm Dia
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd SS N/Sqmm
1.26 2.31 0.697
N/ Sqmm
1.00 Value of K
1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

Max Depth of Nutral Axis
fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Concrete M Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
Steel
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547
mm Dia
mm Dia
mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
mm Dia
mm Dia
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd SS N/Sqmm
0.70 4.16 0.559
N/ Sqmm
1.00 Value of K
1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175 <151
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25 1.30
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm

mm KN/M SURCHARGE
MADE UP GL MADE UP GL
t= 0
ANGLE OF SURCHARGE C
0 # @
0 mm c/c
EARTH FILLING SIDE
0 # @
0 mm c/c
0 # @
0 mm c/c
0 # @
#VALUE! 0 mm c/c
0 # @
0 mm c/c
0 # @
0 mm c/c
(TO RESIST VERTICAL DOWN PRESSURE)
0
0 # @
mm 0 mm c/c
mm # @
Sqmm mm c/c
0
(TO RESIST VERTICAL UP PR)
T=
0
B= #VALUE!
ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETRES
#VALUE! #VALUE!

2.00 KN/M SURCHARGE
MADE UP GL MADE UP GL
W5
0.00
t= 250
ANGLE OF SURCHARGE C
EARTH FILLING SIDE
Ps
50.29
Ph
150.12
W2
44.32

W3 W4
0.00 371.05
R
ecc=
-0.64
0.25
W1
48.53

60.30 68.60 176.54

HEEL
1.25 3.25
4.75
TOE
0 KN/M SURCHARGE
MADE UP GL MADE UP GL
t= 0
ANGLE OF SURCHARGE C
0 # @
0 mm c/c
EARTH FILLING SIDE
H=
0 0 # @
0 mm c/c
0 # @
0 mm c/c
0 # @
EXIST. GL 0 0 mm c/c
0 # @
0 mm c/c
0 # @
h= 0 mm c/c
(TO RESIST VERTICAL DOWN PRESSURE)
0
D= 0
0
0 # @ 0 # @
0 mm c/c 0.00 0 mm c/c
0 # @
0 # @ 0 mm c/c
0 mm c/c 0
(TO RESIST VERTICAL UP PR)
T=
0
B= 0
ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETRES
0 0
MADE UP GL
(TO RESIST VERTICAL DOWN PRESSURE)
COUNTERFORT RCC RETAINING WALL
(Ex 14.5 Dhayaratnam, Ex 12.4 Vazirani and Ratwani)

INPUT DATAS
INPUT GRADE OF CONCRETE fck 25 N/mm2
INPUT GRADE OF STEEL f y 415 N/mm2
INPUT ANGLE OF REPOSE OF SOIL 30 DEG
INPUT BULK DENSITY OF SOIL Ws 20 KN/m2
INPUT SOIL SAFE BEARING CAPACITY SBC 200 KN/m2
INPUT ANGLE OF SURCHARGE OF FILL C 0 DEG
INPUT CLEAR SPACING OF COUNTERFORT L 3.00 mtr
INPUT THICKNESS OF COUNTERFORT Tc 0.30 mtr
C/C SPACING OF COUNTERFORT Lc 3.30 mtr
INPUT BASE WIDTH OF FRONT COUNTERFORT B2 2.30 mtr
INPUT HT OF FRONT COUNTERFORT ABOVE BASE SLAB 3.00 mtr
INPUT COEFF OF FRICTION 0.55
COS C 1
COS 0.866
COEFFT Of ACTIVE PRESSURE Ka 0.334
COEFFT Of PASSIVE PRESSURE Kp 2.998
INPUT HEIGHT OF FILLING H 7.5 mtr
MIN DEPTH OF FDN h 1.11 mtr
INPUT PROVIDE DEPTH OF FDN D 1.50 mtr
TOTAL HT OF WALL Ht=H+D 9.00 mtr
CONST (Select FACTOR b from the range ) = 0.427 0.427
CALCULATED BASE WIDTH B(MIN) 5.00 mtr
INPUT PROVIDE BASE WIDTH B 5.00 mtr
BASE WIDTH OF REAR COUNTERFORT B1 2.40 mtr
INPUT SURCHARGE ps 0 KN/m
BASE SLAB THICK D(MIN) 450 mm
INPUT PROVIDE BASE SLAB THICK D 450 mm
WALL THICK AT BOTTOM T(MIN) 300 mm
INPUT PROVIDE WALL THICK AT BOTTOM T1 300 mm
INPUT PROVIDE WALL THICK AT TOP T2 150 mm
CHECK FOR BEARING PRESSURE
WT OF BASE SLAB/FOOTING W1 185.63 KN
WT OF STEM/ WALL W2 158.71 KN
WT OF REAR COUNTERFORT Wcf1 76.95 KN
WT OF FRONT COUNTERFORT Wcf2 25.88 KN
WT OF REAR SOIL OVER HEEL W3 1231.20 KN
TOTAL STABILISING VERTICAL FORCE V OVER C/C CF DIST 1678.36 KN

HORIZONTAL EARTH PRESSURE Ph 731.47 KN
HORIZONTAL SURCHARGE Ps 0.00 KN
TOTAL HORIZONTAL PRESSURE 731.47
DISTANCE OF W1 FROM TOE TIP X1 2.50 mtr
DISTANCE OF W2 FROM TOE TIP X2 2.45 mtr
DISTANCE OF Wcf1 FROM TOE TIP Xcf1 3.40 mtr
DISTANCE OF Wcf2 FROM TOE TIP Xcf2 1.53 mtr
DISTANCE OF W3 FROM TOE TIP X3 3.40 mtr
TOTAL MOMENT DUE TO VERT FORCE @ TOE TIP 5340.29 KN-mtr
DIST OF RESULTANT VERT FORCE FROM TOE TIP 3.18 mtr
HORIZONTAL EARTH PRESSURE Ph 731.47 KN
HORIZONTAL SURCHARGE Ps 0.00 KN
TOTAL HORIZONTAL PRESSURE 731.47
VERT HT OF HORT FORCE Y1 ABOVE BASE SLAB 2.85 mtr
VERT HT OF SUR FORCE Y2 ABOVE BASE SLAB 4.28 mtr
TOTAL MOMENT DUE TO HORI FORCE @ WALL BOTTOM 2084.70 KN-mtr
NET MOMENT ABOUT TOE 3255.59 KN-mtr
CALCULATION OF EARTH PRESSURE
Co eff = (base*c/c butress dist/2) FOR p1 8.25
Co eff = (base*c/c butress dist/2) FOR p2 8.25
DIST FROM TIP OF TOE FOR SOIL REACTION P1 1.67
DIST FROM TIP OF TOE FOR SOIL REACTION P2 3.33
NET SOIL REACTION CO EFF 8.25
NET MOMENT DUE TO SOIL REACTION CO EFF 13.75
SOIL PRESSURE P1 236.77
SOIL PRESSURE P2 33.33
SOIL PRESSURE P3 206.78
SOIL PRESSURE P4 210.24
DIST OF RESULTANT VERT FORCE FROM TOE TIP 3.18 mtr
CALCULATION OF EARTH PRESSURE
RESULTANT FORCES R=SQRT(H^2+V^2) 1830.83 KN
DIST OF RESULTANT FORCE FROM TOE TIP X 1.78 m
ECCENTRICITY e 0.72 m
` MAX PRESSURE Pmax (P1) 128.42 KN/m2
MIN PRESSURE Pmin(P2) 75.02 KN/m2
PRESSURE BELOW LEFT SIDE OF STEM WALL P3 94.48 KN/m2
PRESSURE BELOW RIGHT SIDE OF STEM WALL P4 92.23 KN/m2
FOS AGAINST OVERTURNING 2.56
FOS AGAINST SLIDING 1.26
IF FOS<1.5 PROVIDE SHEAR KEY
OR INCREASE WIDTH OF FDN
DESIGN OF SHEAR KEY
INPUT PERMISSIBLE SHEAR STRESS Tc 0.33 N/mm2
THICKNESS OFKEY 1110 mm
DEPTH OF KEY 1.05 m
KEY REINFORCEMENT 1332 mm2
INPUT PROVIDE DIA OF STEEL BAR 10 mm
SPACING OF BARS 50 mm

For Toe Slab For Heel Slab For Stem Wall
Length L= 3.00 3.00 3.00
Height h= 2.30 2.40 8.55
h/L ratio 0.767 0.800 2.850
Constants 1 2
For Toe Slab Copy Values from Table -0.054 -0.044
For Heel Slab Copy Values from Table -0.053 -0.051
For Stem Wall Copy Values from Table
CRITICAL MOMENTS IN TOE, HEAL AND THE STEM WALL SLABS (IN KN-M/M)
DUE TO W W*L^2
(KN-M) (KN-M/M)
TOE SLAB (MOMENT CAUSING TENSION ON THE BOTTOM FASE IS CONSIDERED AS POSSITIVE)
UDL -128.42 -1155.75
TRIANGLE 53.40 480.57
TOTAL
HEEL SLAB (MOMENT CAUSING TENSION ON THE BOTTOM FASE IS CONSIDERED AS POSSITIVE)
UDL -100.65 -905.86
TRIANGLE 75.02 675.18
TOTAL
VERTICAL WALL SLAB
TRIANGLE 57.03 513.31
DESIGN OF TOE SLAB
EFFECTIVE DEPTH OF TOE d 375 mm
SPAN OF TOE L1 1.85 m
WT OF FOOTING W4 11.25 KN/m
MAX BM AT BASE OF TOE Mt 90.15 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 259.23 KN
DESIGN OF TOE SLAB TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 90.15 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 162 mm
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 370 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 12 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 75 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 450 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 0.66
m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a At
0.66 0.188 697 Sqmm
Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 757.83 Sqmm
Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 18000 Sqmm
Provide Area of Tension Steel 758 Sqmm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 150 mm
Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 540 Sqmm
Check for Min rft OK
Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
675 Sqmm
INPUT Use 12 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 170 mm
DESIGN/ CHECK FOR TOE SLAB TO RESIST SHEAR
Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 370 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 450 mm
Dia of Shear rft 12 mm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 150 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 259.23 KN
Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.20
(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.334
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 450 mm thick slab, k=
Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.334
Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.70
Shear Check Un safe
DESIGN OF HEELSLAB
SPAN OF HEEL L2 2.13 M
PRESSURE AT HEEL Wp 98 KN/m2
WT OF SOIL OVER HEEL W5 171 KN/m
WT OF HEEL W6 11 KN/m
MAX BM AT HEEL Mh 73 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 223.47 KN
DESIGN OF HEEL SLAB TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 73.37 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 146 mm
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 400 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 12 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 50 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 455 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 0.46
m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a At
0.46 0.130 520 Sqmm
Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 819.28 Sqmm
Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 18200 Sqmm
Provide Area of Tension Steel 819 Sqmm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 140 mm
Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 546 Sqmm
Check for Min rft OK
Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
682.5 Sqmm
INPUT Use 12 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 170 mm
DESIGN/ CHECK FOR HEEL SLAB TO RESIST SHEAR
Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 400 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 455 mm
Dia of Shear rft 12 mm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 140 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 223.47 KN
Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.20
(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.332
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 455 mm thick slab, k=
Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.332
Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.56
Shear Check Un safe
DESIGN OF STEM WALL
SPAN OF WALL L3 8.70 M
MAX BM AT BOTTOM OF WALL Mw 20.53 KN-m
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 731.47 KN
DESIGN OF STEM WALL TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 1.0 Mtr
Max BM Mx 20.53 KN-M
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Stem 77 mm
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 600 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Stem rft 12 mm
Adopt Cover for Stem 50 mm
Over all Depth of Stem D 655 mm
Width of Stem considered for Cal 1000 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 0.06
m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a At
0.06 0.016 96 Sqmm
Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 1228.92 Sqmm
Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 26200 Sqmm
Provide Area of Tension Steel 1229 Sqmm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
RESULT Spacing of Main Bars 90 mm
Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 786 Sqmm
Check for Min rft OK
Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
982.5 Sqmm
INPUT Use 8 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 50.29 Sqmm
RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 50 mm
DESIGN/ CHECK FOR STEM WALL TO RESIST SHEAR
Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 600 mm
Over all Depth of Stem 655 mm
Dia of Shear rft 12 mm
Area of One Bar 113.14 Sqmm
Spacing of Bars 90 mm
Max Shear Force wL/2 731.47 KN
Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 0.20
(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.334
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 655 mm thick slab, k=
Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.334
Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 1.22
Shear Check Un safe
DESIGN OF FRONT COUNTER FORT TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT
Length of Front Counter Fort 2.3 Mtr
Earth Pressure at tip of Counter Fort w1 182 KN/Sqm
Earth Pressure at Stem of Counter Fort w3 82.7 KN/Sqm
Ht of Front Counterfort Above Base Slab 1.05 Mtr
C/C dist between Counter Fort 3.30 Mtr
Max BM due to Earth Pressure 1299.67 KN M
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 0.3 Mtr
Max BM Mx 1299.67 N-MM
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 1122 mm
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 1130 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 25 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 50 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 1195 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 300 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 3.39
m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a At
3.39 1.165 3950 Sqmm
Min area of Tension Steel Ao=0.85*bd/fy 694.34 Sqmm
Max area of Tensile Steel = 0.04 bD 14340 Sqmm
Provide Area of Tension Steel 3950 Sqmm
Area of One Bar 491.07 Sqmm
RESULT No of Main Bars 9 Nos
Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 1434 Sqmm
Check for Min rft OK
Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
1792.5 Sqmm
INPUT Use 16 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm
RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 110 mm
INPUT Provided Depth of Front Counter Fort 1250 mm 1250
Shear Force at d away from Stem
DESIGN/ CHECK FOR REAR COUNTER FORT WALL TO RESIST SHEAR
SF/HorizThrust 1004.54 KN
Net SF= F-M*tan /d' 479.47 KN
Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 1130 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 1195 mm
Dia of Shear rft 25 mm
Area of One Bar 491.07 Sqmm
No of Bars 9 Nos
Max Shear Force wL/2 479.47 KN
Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 1.30
(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.707
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 1195 mm thick slab, k=
Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.707
Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.42
Shear Check Safe
Provide 10 mm dia 2 legged stirrup at 200 C/C to connect with stem
DESIGN OF REAR COUNTER FORT TO RESIST BENDING MOMENT
Height of Front Counter Fort 9.00 Mtr
Base Widh of Front Counter Fort 2.30 Mtr
Inclination of Counter Fort = 0.2502 Radian 14.34
Ht of Earth Filling Above GL 7.5 Mtr
Max BM = wh^3*(1-sin)/(1+sin)*3/6 1406.27 KN m
SF/HorizThrust wh^2*(1-sin)/(1+sin)*3/2 562.51 KN
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
Base width 0.3 Mtr
Max BM Mx 1406.27 N-MM
BM = (Const*fck) bd^2 3.444 bd^2
Calculated Eff Depth of Slab 1167 mm
RESULT Adopt Effective Depth d 1170 mm
INPUT Use Dia of Slab rft 25 mm
Adopt Cover for Slab 50 mm
Over all Depth of Base Slab D 1235 mm
Width of Slab considered for Cal 300 mm
Grade of Concrete M 25
Grade of Steel Fe 415
a= 0.87 *(fy^2/fck) 5993.43
b= -0.87 fy -361.05
c= m= Mu/(bd^2) 3.42
m= Mu/(bd^2) p %= (-b- sqrt(b^2-4ac))/2a At
3.42 1.179 4140 Sqmm
Sqmm
Provide Area of Tension Steel 4140 Sqmm
Area of One Bar 491.07 Sqmm
RESULT No of Main Bars 9 Nos
Min Area of Steel 0.12 % 1482 Sqmm
Temp rft 0.15 % of gross area will be provided in the longitudinal direction
1852.5 Sqmm
INPUT Use 16 mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Area of One Bar 201.14 Sqmm
RESULT Spacing of Distribution Bars 110 mm
DESIGN/ CHECK FOR REAR COUNTER FORT WALL TO RESIST SHEAR
SF/HorizThrust wh^2*(1-sin)/(1+sin)*3/2 562.51 KN
Net SF= F-M*tan /d' 264.91 KN
Grade of Concrete M 25
Effective Depth 1170 mm
Over allDepth of Slab 1235 mm
Dia of Shear rft 25 mm
Area of One Bar 491.07 Sqmm
No of Bars 9 Nos
Max Shear Force wL/2 264.91 KN
Percentage of Tensile Steel 100At/2bd = 1.26
(at the end, alternate bar are bent up)
Design Shear Strength 0.698
Calculated k Value
INPUT For 1235 mm thick slab, k=
Permissible Max Shear Stress 0.698
Nominal Shear stress Vu/bd 0.23
Shear Check Safe
Provide 10 mm dia 2 legged stirrup at 200 C/C to connect with stem
COUNTERFORT RCC RETAINING WALL
(Ex 14.5 Dhayaratnam, Ex 12.4 Vazirani and Ratwani)
Soil Ws KN/Sqm Rg Mean Fr bet soil & wall
Sand 17-20 25-35 30 0.55 29
Medium Clay 16-18 14-28 21 0.4 22
Soft Clay 15-17 4-16 10 0.33 18
0.3 T= H/10
B1=(B-Tc)/2
Ka= Cos C((Cos C- Sqrt(Cos C^2-Cos ^2))/(Cos C+ Sqrt(Cos C^2-Cos ^2)))
h=SBC/Ws*(1-sin /1+sin )^2
1.20 DEPTH=H/3 AND NOT LESS THAN MIN DEPTH/ 1.20Mtr DEPTH OF FDN
Ht=H+DEPTH
0.487 =0.36*(SQRT(1+(3.4*SBC)/(Ws*Ht))-1) TO 0.45*(SQRT(1+(3*SBC)/(Ws*Ht))-1 =HEEL WIDTH/BASE WIDTH
B=0.5*Ht*SQRT(Ka/((1-0.55*))
3.00 GENERALLY B=Ht/3 AND NOT LESS THAN B(MIN)
2.40 B1=(B-Tc)/2, Alpha*B,F32)
GIVE VALUE=0 IF THERE IS NO SURCHARGE
T=Ht/20 to H/30
200 BASE SLAB THICKNESS
T=Ht/30 to H/40
250 WALL THICKNESS AT BOT
125 Th at Top T2 = T1/2 WALL THICKNESS AT TOP

W1=B*D*Lc*25
W2=(T1+T2)/2*(H-D)*Lc*25
Wcf1= Hcf*Tc*B1*25/2
Wcf2= Hcf*Tc*B2*25/2
W3=ALPHA*B*(Ht-D)*Ws+Ps*ALPHA*
3.30 W=W1+W2+W3
P1=Ka*Ws*Ht*Ht/2*L
Ps=ps*Ht*L
Th=Ph+Ps
X1=B/2
X2=Bcf2+T1/2
Xcf1=B2+T1+B1/3
Xcf2=B2*2/3
X3=B2+T1+B1/3
Mh=(W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3+Wcf1*XCF1+Wcf2*Xcf2+Ph*Y1+Ps*Y2)
=M/W
P1=Ka*Ws*Ht*Ht/2*L
Ps=ps*Ht*L
Th=Ph+Ps
Y1=Ht/3
Y2=Ht/2
Mv=P1*Y1+P2*Y2
M=Mh-Mv

R=SQRT(V*V+H*H)
X=(W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3+Wcf1*XCF1+Wcf2*Xcf2+Ph*Y1+Ps*Y2)/R
e=X-B/2
Pmax=W/B(1+6*e/B) CHECK Pmax < SBC
Pmin=W/B(1-6*e/B) CHECK Pmin>O
FOS=(W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3)/(P*Y1+Ps*Y2) CHECK FOS>1.5
FOS=u*W/(Ph+Ps) CHECK FOS>1.5
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
SHEAR KEY THICK Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1 THICKNESS OF KEY=(P+Ps)*1.5/Tc
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As/bd SS N/Sqmm
0.20 14.51 0.331
3 4 1 2 3 4
0.021 -0.078 -0.026 -0.017 0.008 0.000
0.025 -0.081 -0.020 -0.021 0.010 0.000
-0.029 -0.040 0.021 0.000
CRITICAL MOMENTS IN TOE, HEAL AND THE STEM WALL SLABS (IN KN-M/M)
AT BASE
1 or 1 M1 2 or 2 M2 3 or 3 M3 4 or 4 M4
TOE SLAB (MOMENT CAUSING TENSION ON THE BOTTOM FASE IS CONSIDERED AS POSSITIVE)
-0.054 62.41 -0.044 50.85 0.021 -24.27 -0.078 90.15
-0.026 -12.49 -0.017 -8.17 0.008 3.84 0.000 0.00
49.92 42.68 -20.43 90.15
HEEL SLAB (MOMENT CAUSING TENSION ON THE BOTTOM FASE IS CONSIDERED AS POSSITIVE)
-0.053 48.01 -0.051 46.20 0.025 -22.65 -0.081 73.37
-0.020 -13.50 -0.021 -14.18 0.010 6.75 0.000 0.00
34.51 32.02 -15.89 73.37
-0.029 -14.89 -0.040 -20.53 0.021 10.78 0.000 0.00
14.89 20.53 10.78 0.00
d=D-COVER
L1=B-B2-T
W4=D*25
Mt=(W4+Pmax)*L1*L1/2
V=(Pmax*(L1-d))*1.5
Max Depth of Nutral Axis
fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
369 415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
MIDDLE HT TOP MIDDLE POINT
Concrete M Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547
12 mm Dia
12 mm Dia
mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
12 mm Dia
12 mm Dia
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd SS N/Sqmm
0.20 14.24 0.334
%
N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value 1.00 Value of K
mm thick slab, k= 1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm
N/ Sqmm
Steel
L2=ALPHA*B
Wp=Pmin+(Pmax-Pmin)*alpha
W5=Ws*(Ht-D)
W6=25*D
Mh=Wp+W5+W6)*L2*L2
V=(Pheel*(L2-d))*1.5
Max Depth of Nutral Axis
fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
394 415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Concrete M Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547
12 mm Dia
12 mm Dia
mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
Steel
12 mm Dia
12 mm Dia
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd SS N/Sqmm
0.20 14.37 0.332
%
N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value 1.00 Value of K
mm thick slab, k= 1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm
N/ Sqmm
L3=Ht-D
Mw=KaWs L3*L3+PsL3*L3/2
V=(Pheel*(L2-d))*1.5
Max Depth of Nutral Axis
fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
600 415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Concrete M Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547
Steel
12 mm Dia
12 mm Dia
mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
8 mm Dia
8 mm Dia
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd SS N/Sqmm
0.20 14.17 0.334
%
N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value 1.00 Value of K
mm thick slab, k= 1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm
N/ Sqmm
Max Depth of Nutral Axis
fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Concrete M Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547
25 mm Dia
25 mm Dia
mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
16 mm Dia
16 mm Dia
Steel
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd SS N/Sqmm
1.30 2.23 0.707
%
N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value 1.00 Value of K
mm thick slab, k= 1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm
N/ Sqmm
Degree
Max Depth of Nutral Axis
fy Xm=0.0035/(.0055+0.87*fy/Es), Es= 200000 N/Sqmm
250 0.53 d
0 415 0.48 d
500 0.46 d
550 0.44 d
Limiting Moment of resistance MR = Const * b*d^2 N mm
Const= 0.36*fck*Xm(1-0.42*Xm)
Concrete M Fe 250 Fe 415 Fe 500 Fe 550
15 2.229 2.067 1.991 1.949
20 2.972 2.755 2.655 2.598
25 3.715 3.444 3.318 3.248
30 4.458 4.133 3.982 3.897
35 5.201 4.822 4.645 4.547
Steel
25 mm Dia
25 mm Dia
mm Dia bars as distribution Rft
16 mm Dia
16 mm Dia
Max Shear Stress
Grade of Concrete M 25
Max SS N/Sqmm 3.1
fck 25
Design Shear Strength
100 As bd SS N/Sqmm
1.26 2.31 0.698
%
N/ Sqmm
Calculated k Value 1.00 Value of K
mm thick slab, k= 1.00 Ds >300 275 250 225 200 175
k 1.00 1.05 1.10 1.15 1.20 1.25
N/ Sqmm
* Shear rft be provided in a slab deeper than 200 mm
N/ Sqmm
THICKNESS OF KEY=(P+Ps)*1.5/Tc
Y Y
FREE EDGE
4
4
FREE EDGE
4
4
X
BM COEFFICIENT OF A PLATE 3 EDGE FIXED AND ONE EDGE FREE
UDL Y=0 Y=h/2 Y=h/2 Y=h TDL Y=0 Y=h/2 Y=h/2
X=0 X=L/2 X=0 X=L/2 X=0 X=L/2 X=0
h/L 1 2 3 4 h/L 1 2 3
0.600 -0.055 -0.036 0.017 -0.074 0.600 -0.024 -0.013 0.006
0.700 -0.054 -0.044 0.021 -0.078 0.700 -0.026 -0.017 0.008
0.800 -0.053 -0.051 0.025 -0.081 0.800 -0.020 -0.021 0.010
0.900 -0.052 -0.056 0.029 -0.083 0.900 -0.029 -0.024 0.012
1.000 -0.051 -0.061 0.032 -0.083 1.000 -0.030 -0.027 0.013
1.250 -0.047 -0.071 0.037 -0.083 1.250 -0.031 -0.033 0.017
1.500 -0.042 -0.075 0.040 -0.083 1.500 -0.029 -0.034 0.019
2.000 -0.040 -0.083 0.041 -0.083 2.000 -0.029 -0.040 0.021
L
h
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
L
h
1
2
3
4
1
2
3
4
w
Load
<151
1.30
<151
1.30
<151
1.30
<151
1.30
<151
1.30
X
Y=h
X=L/2
4
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
0.000
w
Load
INPUT DATAS
INPUT GRADE OF CONCRETE f ck 30 N/mm2
INPUT GRADE OF STEEL f y 415 N/mm2
INPUT ANGLE OF REPOSE OF SOIL 0 36 DEG
INPUT SUBMERGED DENSITY OF SOIL Wsub 18 Kn/m3
INPUT BULK DENSITY OF SOIL Ws 18 KN/m3
INPUT SAFE BEARING CAPACITY SBC 150 KN/m2
INPUT ANGLE OF SURCHARGE OF FILL C 0 DEG
INPUT COEFFT OF FRICTION u 0.5
COS C 1
COS 0 0.80920418
INPUT COEFFT Of ACTIVE PRESSURE Ka 0.260
INPUT HEIGHT OF FILLING H 5 mtr
INPUT HT OF WATER TABLE FROM TOP OF FILL H1 1 mtr
INPUT HT OFSUBMERGED EARTH H2 5.25
MIN DEPTH OF FDN h 0.56 mtr
INPUT PROVIDE DEPTH OF FDN 1.25 mtr DEPTH=H/3 AND NOT LESS THAN MIN DEPTH
TOTAL HT OF WALL Ht 6.25 mtr
RATIO ALPHA AS PER FORMULAE 0.370
BASE WIDTH B(MIN) 2.93 mtr
INPUT PROVIDE BASE WIDTH B 5.00 mtr GENERALLY B=Ht/3 AND NOT LESS THAN B(MIN)
INPUT SURCHARGE ps 0 KN/m
BASE SLAB THICK D(MIN) 521 mm
INPUT PROVIDE BASE SLAB THICK D 550 mm
WALL THICK T(MIN) 625 mm
INPUT PROVIDE WALL THICK T 650 mm
CHECK FOR SBC
WT OF BASE SLAB W1 68.75 KN/m
WT OF STEM WALL W2 92.63 KN/m
WT OF SOIL OVER HEEL 303.25 KN/m
TOTAL STABILISING FORCE W 464.62 KN/m
SAT SOIL PRESSURE P1 4.68 KN/m
SUB SOIL PRESSURE P2 224.20 KN/m
VERTICAL COMP OF EARTH PRESSURE 0.00 KN/m THIS IS STABLISING COMPONENT AND IS GENERALLY NEGLECTED
HORIZONTAL EARTH PRESSURE P 228.88 KN/m
SURCHARGE Ps 0.00 KN/m
DISTANCE OF W1 FROM HEEL X1 2.50 mtr
DISTANCE OF W2 FROM HEEL X2 2.17 mtr
DISTANCE OF W3 FROM HEEL X3 0.92 mtr
HT OF HORT FORCE P1 FROM HEEL 5.58 mtr
HT OF HORT FORCE P2 FROM HEEL 1.85 mtr
HT OFSUR FORCE Y2 FROM HEEL 3.13 mtr
DIST OF VERT REACTION FROM HEEL 1.41 mtr
CALCULATION OF PRESSURE
REACTION OF FORCES 517.94 KN
DIST OF REACTION FROM HEEL X 2.11 mtr
ECCENTRICITY e -0.39 m
MAX PRESSURE Pmax 49.59 KN/m2
RCC RETAINING WALL(CANTILEVERTYPE) MAX 6.0 MTR HEIGHT
(WHERE WATER TABLE IS ABOVE BASE OF FOOTING)
MIN PRESSURE Pmin 136.26 KN/m2
FOS AGAINST OVERTURNING 3.79
FOS AGAINST SLIDING 1.02
IF FOS<1.5 PROVIDE SHEAR KEY
0R INCREASE WIDTH OF FDN
DESIGN OF SHEAR KEY
INPUT PERMISSIBLE SHEAR STRESS Tc 0.29 N/mm2
THICKNESS OFKEY 1184 mm
DEPTH OF KEY 1.25 m
INPUT PROVIDE DIA OF STEEL BAR 10 mm
SPACING OF BARS 50 mm
KEY REINFORCEMENT 1421 mm2
DESIGN OF BASE SLAB
DESIGN OF TOE SLAB
EFFECTIVE DEPTH OF TOE d 475 mm
SPAN 0F TOE L1 2.50 m
WT OF FOOTING W4 13.75 KN/m
MAX BM AT BASE OF TOE Mt 168.11 KN-m
DEPTH OF SLAB REQD d1 202 mm
PROVIDE DEPTH 475 mm
Mu/fck*bd*d 0.745
INPUT PERCENTAGE OF STEEL p% 0.4
AREA OF MAIN RFT Ast 1900 mm2
INPUT PROVIDE DIA OF BAR 16 mm
SPACING OF BARS 106 mm
AREA OF DIST RFT Ast2 570 mm2
INPUT PROVIDE DIA OF BAR 12 mm
SPACING OF BARS 198 mm
CHECK FOR SHEAR STRESS
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 108.91 KN
NOMINA SHEAR STRESS Tv 0.23 N/mm2
DESIGN OF HEELSLAB
SPAN OF HEEL L2 1.85 M
PRESSURE AT HEEL Wp 104 KN/m2
WT OF SOIL OVER HEEL W5 303 KN/m
WT OF HEEL W6 14 KN/m
MAX BM AT HEEL Mh 364 KN-m
DEPTH REQD d3 296 mm
PROVIDE DEPTH 475 mm
Mh/b*d*d 1.61
INPUT PERCENTAGE OF STEEL p% 0.6
AREA OF MAIN RFT Ast 2850 mm2
INPUT PROVIDE DIA OF BAR 20 mm2
SPACING OF BARS 110 mm
AREA OF DIST RFT Ast2 570 mm2
INPUT PROVIDE DIA OF BAR 12 mm
SPACING OF BARS 198 mm
CHECK FOR SHEAR STRESS
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 438.57 KN
NOMINA SHEAR STRESS Tv 0.92 N/mm2
DESIGN OF STEM WALL
SPAN OF WALL L3 5.60 M
MAX BM AT BOTTOM OF WALL Mw 652.30 KN-m
DEPTH REQD d3 397 mm
INPUT PROVIDE DEPTH 600.00 mm
Mh/b*d*d 1.81
PERCENTAGE OF STEEL p% 0.3
AREA OF MAIN RFT Ast 1800 mm2
INPUT PROVIDE DIA OF BAR 16 mm
SPACING OF BARS 112 mm
AREA OF DIST RFT Ast2 720 mm2
PROVIDE DIA OF BAR 12 mm
SPACING OF BARS 157 mm
CHECK FOR SHEAR STRESS
SHEAR FORCE Vmax 228.88 KN
INPUT NOMINAL SHEAR STRESS Tv 0.38 N/mm2
t=
0
H=
0
# @
mm c/c
0
ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETRES
RESULT VALUES
Ka=COS C-(COS c-SQRT(COS c^2-COS o^2)/COS c+SQRT(COS c^2-COS o^2)
H1
H2=Ht-H1
h=SBC*Ka*Ka/Ws
DEPTH=H/3 AND NOT LESS THAN MIN DEPTH DEPTH OF FDN
Ht=H+DEPTH
ALPHA=HEEL WIDTH/BASE WIDTH WIDTH=0.36*(SQRT(1+(3.4*SBC)/(Ws*Ht))-1)
B=0.5*Ht*SQRT(Ka/(ALPHA(1-0.55*ALPHA))
GENERALLY B=Ht/3 AND NOT LESS THAN B(MIN) BASE WIDTH
GIVE VALUE=0 IF NO SURCHARGE IS THERE
D=Ht/12
BASE SLAB THICKNESS
T=Ht/10
WALL THICKNESS AT BOT
WALL THICKNESS AT TOP
W1=B*D*25
W2=T*(H-D)*Ws )*25
W3=ALPHA*B*(Ht-D)*Ws+Ps*ALPHA*
W=W1+W2+W3
P1=Ka*Ws*H1^2/2
THIS IS STABLISING COMPONENT AND IS GENERALLY NEGLECTED
P=Ka*Ws*Ht*Ht/2
Ps=ps*Ht
X1=B/2
X2=B-ALPHA*B-T/2
X3=B-ALPHA*B/2
Y1=Ht/3
Y2=Ht/2
R=V*V+H*H
X=W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3-P*Y1+Ps*Y2/R H=
e=X-B/2 5000
Pmax=W/B(1+6*e/B) CHECK Pmax < SBC
RCC RETAINING WALL(CANTILEVERTYPE) MAX 6.0 MTR HEIGHT
(WHERE WATER TABLE IS ABOVE BASE OF FOOTING)
Pmin=W/B(1-6*e/B) CHECK Pmin>O
FOS=(W1*X1+W2*X2+W3*X3)/(P*Y1+Ps*Y2) CHECK FOS>1.5
FOS=u*W/(P+Ps) CHECK FOS>1.5
EXIST. GL
FROM IS 456 TABLE FOR M25= 0.29/MM2 FOR M30=0.29N/MM2
THICKNESS OF KEY=(P+Ps)*1.5/Tc SHEAR KEY THICK
h=
1250
D=
550
d=D-COVER
L1=B-B2-T 12 # @
W4=D*25 190 mm c/c
Mt=(W4+Pmax)*L1*L1/2
d1=SQRT(Mt/0.138*fck*1000)
d=D-COVER
p% FROM SP:36
Ast=p%*b*d*/100 2510
USE BARS 10,12,16,20 DIA TOE REFT
SPACING =1000/(Ast/.785*dia*dia)
USE 8,10.12MM dia TOE REFT ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETRES
V=(Pmax*(L1-d))*1.5
Tv=V/b*d CHECK Tv<Tc
L2=ALPHA*B
Wp=Pmin+(Pmax-Pmin)*alpha
W5=Ws*(Ht-D)
W6=25*D
Mh=Wp+W5+W6)*L2*L2
p% FROM SP:36
Ast=p%*b*d*/100
USE BARS 10,12,16,20 DIA HEEL REFT
SPACING =1000/(Ast/.785*dia*dia)
USE 8,10.12MM dia HEEL REFT
V=(Pheel*(L2-d))*1.5
Tv=V/b*d CHECK Tv<Tc
L3=Ht-D
Mw=KaWs L3*L3+PsL3*L3/2
p% FROM SP:36
Ast=p%*b*d*/100
USE BARS 10,12,16,20 DIA WALL REFT
SPACING =1000/(Ast/.785*dia*dia)
USE 8,10.12MM dia WALL REFT
V=(Pheel*(L2-d))*1.5
Tv=V/b*d
WALL REFT
25 30
3.1 3.5
200 175 <151
1.20 1.25 1.30
t=
0
H=
0
# @
mm c/c
0
ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETRES
SURCHARGE
MADE UP GL
t=
325 ANGLE 0F SURCHARGE C
16 # @
220 mm c/c
EARTH FILLING SIDE
12 # @
310 mm c/c
12 # @
310 mm c/c
16 # @
2850 220 mm c/c
12 # @
150 mm c/c
20 # @
110 mm c/c
704
16 # @
100 mm c/c
1.25 10 #@
50 mm c/c
1180
T=
650 1840
B= 5000
ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETRES
35 40
3.7 4.0
SURCHARGE
MADE UP GL
t=
0 ANGLE 0F SURCHARGE C
0
0
EARTH FILLING SIDE
H=
0 0
0
0
0
0
0 0
0
0
0
# @
mm c/c
0 0
0
0
T=
0 0 0
B= 0
ALL DIMENSIONS ARE IN MILLIMETRES
25 30 35
3.1 3.5 3.7
200 175 <151
1.20 1.25 1.30
SURCHARGE
MADE UP GL
ANGLE 0F SURCHARGE C
# @
mm c/c
EARTH FILLING SIDE
# @
mm c/c
# @
mm c/c
# @
mm c/c
# @
mm c/c
0 # @ # @
0 mm c/c mm c/c
0 # @ # @
0 mm c/c mm c/c
#@
mm c/c
40
4.0
INPUT DATAS
DENSITY OF MASONRY Ww 22 KN/m3
PERMISSIBLE COMPRESSIVE STRESS 0.3 N/mm2
INPUT ANGLE OF REPOSE OF SOIL 33 DEG
BULK DENSITY OF SOIL Ws 18 KN/m2
INPUT SAFE BEARING CAPACITY SBC 150 KN/m2
INPUT ANGLE OF SURCHARGE OF FILL C 0 DEG
COEFFT OF FRICTION u 0.45
COS C 1
COS 0 0.839
COEFFT Of ACTIVE PRESSURE Ka 0.295
INPUT HEIGHT OF FILLING H 4.5 mtr
MIN DEPTH OF FDN h 0.73 mtr h=SBC*Ka*Ka/Ws
INPUT PROVIDE DEPTH OF FDN 1.00 mtr
TOTAL HT OF WALL Ht 5.50 mtr
INPUT TOP WIDTH b 0.60 mtr Min b=0.6 mtr
MAX TOE PRSSURE P 53.76 KN/m2
CHECK P/H (CPH) 1195 PRESSURE/HEIGHT
DENSITY RATIO OF WALL/SOIL (DR) 1.22
INPUT BASE WIDTH/HEIGHT RATIO K 0.53 SELECT B/H RATIO FROM TABLE BASED ON CPH & DR
BASE WIDTH OF WALL 2.385 mtr
THETHA 11
0.194 0.191
0.195
MASONRY RETAINING WALL(GRAVITY TYPE)
(WHERE WATER TABLE IS BELOW BASE OF FOOTING)
Type-I Type-II Type-III
K=1.0 Commonly Used
20 0.68h 0.65h 0.73h
27 0.57h 0.55h 0.62h
33 0.48h 0.47h 0.54h
37 0.46h 0.45h 0.50h
P 600h 800h 1000h
K=1.25
20 0.61h 0.62h 0.73h
27 0.51h 0.52h 0.62h
33 0.43h 0.44h 0.53h
37 0.41h 0.42h 0.50h
750h 950h 1100h
0.54h 0.60h 0.73h
SELECT B/H RATIO FROM TABLE BASED ON CPH & DR 0.46h 0.50h 0.62h
0.39h 0.42h 0.53h
0.37h 0.40h 0.50h
950h 1100h 1300h
20
27
33
37
Base width B Angle of repose
P
P
K=1.50